Medium and High Voltage Arrester and Lightning Standards Overviews

IEEE Standards Overviews
C62.11a -2008 IEEE Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (> 1 kV) Amendment 1 Short Circuit Testing for Station, Intermediate and Distribution Arresters In July 2008 the IEEE standards department published C62.11a, an amendment to C62.11. This new amendment now specifies a short circuit test for all arresters. It has been years in the making. What makes this amendment so unique is that it is virtually identical to the test procedure published in IEC 60099-4 in 2006. This is a first for arrester standards harmonization. Though it will be many years before the both standards are virtually the same, this is a first step. See Complete Overview C62.11 -2005 IEEE Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (> 1 kV) This standard applies to metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSAs) designed to repeatedly limit the voltage surges on 48 Hz to 62 Hz power circuits (>1000 V) by passing surge discharge current and automatically limiting the flow of system power current. This standard applies to devices for separate mounting and to devices supplied integrally with other equipment. The tests demonstrate that an arrester can survive the rigors of reasonable environmental conditions and system phenomena while protecting equipment and/or the system from damaging overvoltages caused by lightning, switching, and other undesirable surges C62. 1 (Obsolete and withdrawn as a standard) IEEE Standard for Gapped Silicon-Carbide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits Superseded by C62.11 C62.21 Draft Guide for the Application of Surge Voltage Protective Equipment on AC Rotating Machinery 1000 Volts and greater Part 1 This guide covers the application of surge voltage protective equipment to AC rotating machines rated 1000 volts and greater. The guide does not cover motors applied in solidstate switched adjustable speed drives. Part 1 covers the insulation surge withstand strength of motors and generators with windings having form-wound multi-turn coils and the application of surge protection to form-wound multi-turn coil motors.

accepted theories.92 Series IEEE Guide for the Application of Neutral Grounding in Electrical Utility Systems This standard covers basic considerations for the selection of neutral grounding parameters that provide for the control of ground. The procedures are based on theoretical studies. the prescribed steps are adequate.Part V . and protection circuits due to surges and other overvoltages.Generator Auxiliary Systems C62. and experience. Grounding electrode techniques. definitions.22. guidance is provided to aid toward proper surge protection and to reduce interference to communication. C62. control.2 . C62. C62.1 .3 . Shielded Electric Power Cable Systems This guide suggests surge arrester installation methods at distribution cable terminal poles in order to minimize the total impressed transient voltage on medium-voltage distribution cables.92. test results.Part IV .2) IEEE Guide for Application of Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for Alternating-Current Systems The application of metal-oxide surge arresters to safeguard electric power equipment against the hazards of abnormally high voltage surges of various origins is covered.Introduction C62. C62. More complex and special solutions requiring study by experienced engineers is described. Complex applications of surge protection practices may require specialized study by experienced engineers.Transmission Systems Lightning Mitigation Related Standards . Systematic directions toward proper solutions of various applications are provided.1 (also known as IEEE 1299) IEEE Guide for the Connection of Surge Arresters to Protect Insulated.23 (previously IEEE 1041) IEEE Application Guide for Surge Protection of Electric Generating Plants This standard consolidates most electric utility power industry practices. These considerations apply specifically to electric utility systems and do not recognize the neutral grounding requirements for dispersed storage and generation.92.22 (Superseded C62.Distribution Systems C62.C62.Part I . existing standards/guides. but specific solutions are not always given. It has to be recognized that this application guide approaches the subject of surge protection from a common or generalized application viewpoint.92.Part III . Where technical information is not readily available.92. and system ground grid values are not addressed or considered in this document. and technical references as they specifically pertain to surge protection of electric power generating plants.fault current and overvoltage on all portions of threephase electrical utility systems. pole ground values.4 .92.5 .Part II .Grounding of Synchronous Generator Systems C62. In many cases.

and control accessories that form a complete bank for inserting in series with a transmission line are applied. including varistors and bypass gaps. Functional requirements for alarm devices. A list of standard insulation levels. and grounding on transmission lines are discussed. grounding. other decisions are made at the discretion of the designer. routing. IEEE 1243 IEEE Guide for Improving the Lightning Performance of Transmission Lines The effects of routing. Insulation Coordination Standards IEEE 1313. This guide recognizes that a perfect line design does not exist. Included are requirements for safety. insulation means. and Rules The procedure for selection of the withstand voltages for equipment phase-to-ground and phase-to-phase insulation systems is specified. amount of insulation. a listing and description of the FLASH program is presented. protective equipment. switching. and a guide for operation are included. insulation. and that a series of compromises are made in any distribution-line design. The methods of analysis are illustrated by practical examples. and capacity may be predetermined. rating. Definitions. An additional section discusses several special methods that may be used to improve lightning performance. The designer may exercise control over structure material and geometry. IEEE 824 IEEE Standard for Series Capacitors in Power Systems Capacitors and assemblies of capacitors. and placement of arresters. This guide will help the distribution-line designer optimize the line design in light of cost benefit considerations. Functional requirements for protective devices are addressed. Principles. This guide gives methods for insulation coordination of different air-insulated systems like transmission lines and substations. and protective device levels. design and production tests. IEC Standards Associated with Arresters and Lightning .2 IEEE Guide for the Application of Insulation Coordination This guide contains calculation method for selection of phase-to-ground and phase-tophase insulation withstand voltages for equipment is presented. shielding (if any). The way these transmission-line choices will improve or degrade lightning performance is also provided.IEEE 1410 IEEE Guide for Improving the Lightning Performance of Electric Power Overhead Distribution Lines This design guide is written for the distribution-line designer and contains information on methods to improve the lightning performance of overhead distribution lines. based on the voltage stress to which the equipment is IEEE 1313. Finally. While some parameters such as voltage.1 IEEE Standard for Insulation Coordination. structure type. maintenance. shielding.

This standard also specifies requirements and tests for metal-oxide surge arresters with internal series gaps. 2. power systems. systems This part of IEC 60099 presents the minimum criteria for the requirements and testing of gapless metal-oxide surge arresters that are applied to a.IEC 60099-1 Surge arresters . It applies to non-linear resistor type gapped surge arresters as defined in IEC 60099-1 and to gapless metal-oxide surge arresters as defined in IEC 60099-4.Part 7: Glossary of terms and definitions from IEC publications . A new edition will be available in 2010 or 2011 that will include arresters gapped MOV arresters including EGLA (Preview) IEC 60099-6 Part 6: Surge arresters containing both series and parallel gapped structures . This standard is not maintained and applies to products not manufactured any longer. systems This standard applies to series gapped Silicon Carbide Arresters. 2009 The IEC has published a new edition of 60099-4. Also includes details of pollutant compositions and methods of application and the procedures associated with each mode of pollution.Rated 52 kV and less This standard applies to all metal-oxide surge arresters with gaps and housed in either porcelain or polymeric housings.c.c. IEC 60099-3 Surge arresters . This new edition covers new mechanical test requirements for polymer and porcelain housed arresters. (Preview) IEC60099-4-am2 Ed.c. IEC 60099-5 1998 Surge Arresters: Part 5 Selection and application recommendations This standard provides recommendations for the selection and application of surge arresters to be used in three-phase systems with nominal voltages above 1kV. Arresters covered by this standard are commonly applied to live/front overhead installations in place of the non-linear resistor-type gapped arresters covered in IEC 60099-1.Part 4: Metal-oxide surge arresters without gaps for a. (Preview) IEC60099-4 (Latest edition is 60099-4 Edition 2.Part 3: Artificial pollution testing of surge arresters This standard gives the basic principles of artificial pollution testing of non-linear resistor type (valve type) surge arresters. An overview of the additions and deletions in this document are covered in detail in ArresterFacts 007 Understanding New IEC Mechanical Requirements.0 Bilingual Feb 26. with rated voltages of 52KV and below (Preview) 60099-7 Surge arresters .1 2006-07) Surge arresters .Part 1: Non-linear resistor type gapped surge arresters for a.

Part 8: Metal-oxide surge arresters with external series gap (EGLA) for overhead transmission and distribution lines of a.Not yet published as of 4-2008) Surge arresters . systems having a highest voltage for equipment above 1 kV.  Insulation Coordination Standards 60071-1 Insulation co-ordination . such as verification test for coordination between insulator and EGLA withstand. the following duties for the metal-oxide surge arresters without gaps and the metal-oxide surge arresters with internal series gap to operate due to slow front overvoltages caused by switching or system faults are not considered for this standard: switching impulse sparkover voltage.  thermal stability. some unique requirements and tests are introduced. phase-to-phase and longitudinal insulation of the equipment and the installations of these systems. It specifies the procedure for the selection of the rated withstand voltages for the phase-to-earth. 61643-311.Part 2: Application guide This standard gives guidance for the determination of the rated withstand voltages for ranges I and II of IEC 60071-1 and justifies the association of these rated values with the standardized highest voltages for equipment. mechanical load tests etc.  aging duties by power-frequency voltage. 61643-321.  residual voltage at steep current and switching current impulse. It also gives the lists of the standard withstand voltages from which the rated withstand voltages should be selected. This association is for insulation co-ordination purposes only. 60099-6. current at the date of this publication. and 37B: Surge protective components. It covers phase-to-phase. 60099-4.c.  long-duration current impulse withstand duty. (Preview) 60071-2 Insulation co-ordination .  residual voltage at steep current and switching current impulse. principles and rules This part of IEC 60071 applies to three-phase a. The requirements for human safety are not covered by this standard.  power-frequency voltage versus time characteristics of an arrester. 61643-12. 61643-1. follow current interrupting test. 61643331 and 61643-341 This standard provides a list of terms and definitions relative to IEC publications from IEC technical committee 37: Surge Arresters and subcommittees 37A: Surge protective devices. This standard recommends that the selected withstand voltages should be associated with the highest voltage for equipment. Therefore. systems above 1 kV This standard defines the surge arrester to protect the insulator assembly from lightning caused overvoltages only. 61643-21.c. (Preview) IEC 60099-8 (In Draft form only .  disconnector test. Considering the particular design concept and the special application on overhead transmission and distribution lines.Part 1: Definitions. phase-to-earth and longitudinal insulation of three-phase systems with nominal voltages above 1kV (Preview) .60099-1.

Its object is to give information in terms of methods.60071-4 Insulation co-ordination .c. 5 and 6 of this part of IEC 61992 cover particular requirements for surge arresters (following named arresters) for specific use in fixed installations of d.Fixed installations . (Preview) 60143-2 Series capacitors for power systems .  specifies methods for calibration and requirements of instruments used for calibration.  .c. These are surge arresters consisting of one or more non-linear resistors which may be in series with single or multiple spark gaps. This standard defines the terms used.3 and 7. when.  describes test and measuring circuits which may be used.  gives some assistance concerning the discrimination of partial discharges from external interference. which are part of a series capacitor installation.  gives guidance on test procedures.  defines the quantities to be measured.c. allowing for the application of the approaches presented in IEC 60071-2.6 of IEC 143.Part 4: Computational guide to insulation co-ordination and modeling of electrical networks This technical report gives guidance on conducting insulation co-ordination studies which propose internationally recognized recommendations  for the numerical modeling of electrical systems including arresters and  for the implementation of deterministic and probabilistic methods adapted to the use of numerical programs. as defined in IEC 60071-1. Protective equipment is defined as the main circuit apparatus and ancillary equipment. traction systems. The protective equipment is mentioned in clauses 1. but which are external to the capacitor part itself.DC switchgear . traction systems to connect certain portions of the circuit.Partial discharge measurements This International Standard is applicable to the measurement of partial discharges which occur in electrical apparatus. The recommendations for the capacitor part are given in IEC 143. (Preview) 60270 High-voltage test techniques .Part 5: Surge arresters and low-voltage limiters for specific use in d. systems Clauses 4. modeling and examples. components or systems when tested with alternating voltages up to 400 Hz or with direct voltage. and for the selection of insulation levels of equipment or installations. (Preview) 61992-5 Railway applications . These are protective devices mainly used in fixed installations of d. with a size larger than 10 Mvar per phase.  defines analogue and digital measuring methods required for common applications. Low-voltage limiters are covered under Clause 7.Part 2: Protective equipment for series capacitor banks This part of IEC 143 covers protective equipment for series capacitor banks.

 protection of cable shields. (Preview) .  protection of rail circuits.owing to an abnormal situation. They are not used in general to provide surge protection. The following are the main uses of Low-Voltage Limiters (LVL):  connection to the rail of metallic masses. They may be associated with other devices such as contactors for selfrestoring arrangements.  earthing of rails in the substation. the voltage across the device exceeds a predetermined limited value.  protection of cathodic circuits.

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