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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION GUIDE

WeedSeeker Automatic Spot Spray System

650 / 655 Sensor 150 / 151 Controller

Version 1.00 Revision E August 2010 Part Number 500-1-021

*500-1-021*

Trimble Navigation Limited Trimble Agriculture 10355 Westmoor Drive Suite #100 Westminster, CO 80021 USA trimble_support@trimble.com www.trimble.com

Legal Notices

Copyright and Trademarks


2010, Trimble Navigation Limited. All rights reserved. Trimble, the Globe & Triangle logo, Nomad, Recon, and WeedSeeker are trademarks of Trimble Navigation Limited, registered in the United States and in other countries. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Release Notice
This is the August 2010 release (Revision E) of the WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide.

LIMITED WARRANTY TERMS AND CONDITIONS Product Limited Warranty


Subject to the following terms and conditions, Trimble Navigation Limited (Trimble) warrants that for a period of one (1) year from date of purchase this Trimble product will substantially conform to Trimbles publicly available specifications for the Product and that the hardware and any storage media components of the Product will be substantially free from defects in materials and workmanship.

Product Software
Product software, whether built into hardware circuitry as firmware, provided as a standalone computer software product, embedded in flash memory, or stored on magnetic or other media, is licensed solely for use with or as an integral part of the Product and is not sold. If accompanied by a separate end user license agreement (EULA), use of any such software will be subject to the terms of such end user license agreement (including any differing limited warranty terms, exclusions and limitations), which shall control over the terms and conditions set forth in this limited warranty.

misused. This Product limited warranty shall not apply to, and Trimble shall not be responsible for, defects or performance problems resulting from (i) the combination or utilization of the Product with hardware or software products, information, data, systems, interfaces or devices not made, supplied or specified by Trimble; (ii) the operation of the Product under any specification other than, or in addition to, Trimble's standard specifications for its products; (iii) the unauthorized, installation, modification, or use of the Product; (iv) damage caused by: accident, lightning or other electrical discharge, fresh or salt water immersion or spray (outside of Product specifications); or exposure to environmental conditions for which the Product is not intended; (v) normal wear and tear on consumable parts (e.g., batteries); or (vi) cosmetic damage. Trimble does not warrant or guarantee the results obtained through the use of the Product, or that software components will operate error free. NOTICE REGARDING PRODUCTS EQUIPPED WITH TECHNOLOGY CAPABLE OF TRACKING SATELLITE SIGNALS FROM SATELLITE BASED AUGMENTATION SYSTEMS (SBAS) (WAAS/EGNOS, AND MSAS), OMNISTAR, GPS, MODERNIZED GPS OR GLONASS SATELLITES, OR FROM IALA BEACON SOURCES: TRIMBLE IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR THE OPERATION OR FAILURE OF OPERATION OF GPS SATELLITES OR THE AVAILABILITY OF GPS SATELLITE SIGNALS. THE FOREGOING LIMITED WARRANTY TERMS STATE TRIMBLE'S ENTIRE LIABILITY, AND YOUR EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES, RELATING TO THE TRIMBLE PRODUCT. EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE EXPRESSLY PROVIDED HEREIN, THE PRODUCT AND ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTATION AND MATERIALS ARE PROVIDED AS-IS AND WITHOUT EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, BY EITHER TRIMBLE OR ANYONE WHO HAS BEEN INVOLVED IN ITS CREATION, PRODUCTION, INSTALLATION, OR DISTRIBUTION, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE, AND NONINFRINGEMENT. THE STATED EXPRESS WARRANTIES ARE IN LIEU OF ALL OBLIGATIONS OR LIABILITIES ON THE PART OF TRIMBLE ARISING OUT OF, OR IN CONNECTION WITH, ANY PRODUCT. BECAUSE SOME STATES AND JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON DURATION OR THE EXCLUSION OF AN IMPLIED WARRANTY, THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY OR FULLY APPLY TO YOU.

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TRIMBLE'S ENTIRE LIABILITY UNDER ANY PROVISION HEREIN SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE AMOUNT PAID BY YOU FOR THE PRODUCT. TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, IN NO EVENT SHALL TRIMBLE OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE WHATSOEVER UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCE OR LEGAL THEORY RELATING IN ANYWAY TO THE PRODUCTS, SOFTWARE AND ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTATION AND MATERIALS, (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, LOSS OF DATA, OR ANY OTHER PECUNIARY LOSS), REGARDLESS OF WHETHER TRIMBLE HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF ANY SUCH LOSS AND REGARDLESS OF THE COURSE OF DEALING WHICH DEVELOPS OR HAS DEVELOPED BETWEEN YOU AND TRIMBLE. BECAUSE SOME STATES AND JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY OR FULLY APPLY TO YOU. PLEASE NOTE: THE ABOVE TRIMBLE LIMITED WARRANTY PROVISIONS WILL NOT APPLY TO PRODUCTS PURCHASED IN THOSE JURISDICTIONS, (E.G., MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AREA, IN WHICH PRODUCT WARRANTIES ARE THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE LOCAL TRIMBLE AUTHORIZED DEALER FROM WHICH THE PRODUCTS ARE ACQUIRED. IN SUCH CASE, PLEASE CONTACT YOUR LOCAL TRIMBLE AUTHORIZED DEALER FOR APPLICABLE WARRANTY INFORMATION.

Software Updates
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Warranty Remedies
If the Trimble Product fails during the warranty period for reasons covered by this limited warranty and you notify Trimble of such failure during the warranty period, Trimble will repair OR replace the nonconforming Product with new, equivalent to new, or reconditioned parts or Product, OR refund the Product purchase price paid by you, at Trimbles option, upon your return of the Product in accordance with Trimble's product return procedures then in effect.

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How to Obtain Warranty Service


To obtain warranty service for the Product, please contact your local Trimble authorized dealer. Alternatively, you may contact Trimble to request warranty service at +1-408-481-6940 (24 hours a day) or e-mail your request to trimble_support@trimble.com. Please be prepared to provide:

your name, address, and telephone numbers proof of purchase this Trimble warranty card a description of the nonconforming Product including the model number an explanation of the problem
The customer service representative may need additional information from you depending on the nature of the problem.

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This Product limited warranty shall only apply in the event and to the extent that (a) the Product is properly and correctly installed, configured, interfaced, maintained, stored, and operated in accordance with Trimble's applicable operator's manual and specifications, and; (b) the Product is not modified or

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Safety Information
Before you start the installation, you must read and understand the information contained in this section. Always follow the instructions that accompany a Warning or Caution. The information they provide is intended to minimize the risk of personal injury and/or damage to property. In particular, observe safety instructions that are presented in the following format:

C C

WARNING This alert warns of a potential hazard, which, if not avoided, can cause severe injury.

Caution This alert warns of a hazard or unsafe practice which, if not avoided, can cause injury or damage.

Note An absence of specific alerts does not mean that there are no safety risks involved.

Warnings

C C C C C

WARNING Lower all vehicle attachments to the ground before you begin work.

WARNING If someone else attempts to drive the vehicle while you are working on or under it, you can suffer serious or fatal injuries. To avoid this, install a lockout box on the battery terminal to prevent the battery from being reconnected, remove the key from the vehicles ignition switch, and attach a Do not operate tag in the cab.

WARNING Vehicle cabs can be quite high in the air. Falling from this height can cause broken bones and internal injuries. Always face the vehicle and use the steps and handrails when you enter or exit the vehicle.

WARNING Keep bystanders away from the WeedSeeker system when operating.

WARNING Drive slowly over rough terrain or when turning. Avoid driving up and down steep ditches and hills.

WARNING If you need to weld on the tractor or sprayer, remove both the positive and negative leads from the battery terminals to disconnect the power. If you need to weld on the spray boom, disconnect the power and remove the sensor completely from the spray boom.

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Safety Information

C C C C C C

WARNING Avoid contact with the chemical spray; Follow safe and correct chemical handling procedures.

WARNING The system installation may bring you into contact with chemical substances, such as oil. These can cause poisoning. After you finish working on the system, wash your hands thoroughly.

WARNING Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds. Lead poisoning can cause lowered intelligence and kidney problems. To avoid ingesting lead, wash your hands thoroughly after touching the battery.

WARNING Always wear protective equipment appropriate to the job conditions and the nature of the vehicle. This includes wearing protective glasses when you use pressurized air or water, and proper protective welders clothing when welding. Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry that can catch on machine parts or tools.

WARNING Parts of the vehicle may be under pressure. To avoid injury from pressurized parts, relieve all pressure in oil, air, and water systems before you disconnect any lines, fittings, or related items. To avoid being sprayed by pressurized liquids, hold a rag over fill caps, breathers, or hose connections when you remove them. Do not use your bare hands to check for hydraulic leaks. Use a board or cardboard instead.

WARNING Always install boom stop before working under or around raised spray booms. Clear spray boom area before extending and folding the booms.

Cautions

C C C C
4

Caution The WeedSeeker system works with GPS receivers and spray controllers. Be sure to read and understand the other manufacturers manuals and equipment before operating the system.

CAUTION Always install boom tie-down chains before transporting or towing the WeedSeeker system or sprayer.

CAUTION Using wettable powders or other non-water soluble materials causes the solenoid to fail and voids the warranty of the valve cartridge.

CAUTION The sensors are susceptible to interference from some cell phones and two-way radios. If you operate a radio communication device near the sensors, be aware that the sensor valve may activate and spray. If you are in an area where this would be a problem, switch the system to Standby mode to avoid unwanted spraying.

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Contents
Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Cautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
The system sensors . GPS . . . . . . . . . . . Technical assistance Your comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 8 8 8

Installing the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


Components . . . . . . . . . . . WeedSeeker sensor. . . Valve cartridge . . . . . Valve driver cartridge . WeedSeeker controller Electrics. . . . . . . . . . Plumbing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 10 11 12 14 15 20

Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Starting the system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Spraying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Care and maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The system does not turn on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The system switches into the Standby mode by itself . . . . . . . . . . . Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The system does not turn on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The sensor does not operate correctly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Valve cartridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The LED turns on but the cartridge does not spray . . . . . . . . . . . . The valve cartridge sprays continuously . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The cartridge does not spray and the LED does not turn on correctly. Determining if a valve cartridge is faulty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Back flushing the valve cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Refurbishing the valve cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 26 26 27 27 27 28 28 29 29 29 29 30 30 30

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The system misses some smaller weeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The system sprays more than it should . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . One sensor misses some smaller weeds or sprays more than it should Testing the field of view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The soil base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A sensor sprays where there are no weeds: Phantom spraying . . . . . A sensor does not spray weeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Speed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The sensor sprays too far before the weed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The sensor sprays to far after the weed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Testing the speed setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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33 34 34 34 34 34 35 35 35 36 36 36

Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
AutoSpeed options . . Boom configurations . Setup. . . . . . . Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 38 38 39

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

CHAPTER

1
Introduction
In this chapter:

1

The system sensors GPS Technical assistance Your comments

This manual describes how to install the Trimble WeedSeeker automatic spot spray system.

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Introduction

The system sensors


WeedSeeker sensors are an innovative leap in precision spray application and weed control. They are manufactured and tested to provide many years of dependable service, enhanced weed control, long term cost savings, and reduced environmental impact resulting from reduced application of chemicals.

GPS
Even if you have used other Global Positioning System (GPS) products before, Trimble recommends that you spend some time reading this manual to learn about the special features of this product. If you are not familiar with GPS, visit the Trimble website (www.trimble.com) for an interactive look at Trimble and GPS.

Technical assistance
If you have a problem and cannot find the information you need in the product documentation, contact Trimble technical support: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Go to the Trimble website (www.trimble.com). Click the Support & Training link at the top of the screen, select Support and then select Support AZ list of products. Scroll to the bottom of the list. Click the submit an inquiry link. A form appears. Complete the form and then click Send.

Your comments
Your feedback about the supporting documentation helps us to improve it with each revision. Email your comments to ReaderFeedback@trimble.com.

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

CHAPTER

2
Installing the System
In this chapter:

Components

This chapter describes the system components and how to install them.

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Installing the System

Components
The system consists of the following components. See the related sections for details about the components and how to install them:

WeedSeeker sensor. See page 10. Valve cartridge. See page 11. Valve driver cartridge. See page 12. WeedSeeker controller. See page 14. Electrics. See page 15. Plumbing. See page 20.

WeedSeeker sensor
A WeedSeeker sensor consists of an internal dual-wavelength light source, an optical detector and optics module, and an electronics module. Its operation is based on the fact that every substance has a unique spectral reflectance signature. The sensor is optimized to compare the reflected light from soils and plants. The presence of chlorophyll in plants results in a distinct reflectance signature at particular wavelengths as compared to soils (and concrete, asphalt, and so on). The sensor compares the reflected light at two different wavelengths. When a plant comes into the field of view, the circuitry recognizes the chlorophyll signature and activates the extremely fast solenoid valve inside the valve cartridge, which sprays the chemical onto the plant, or sends a signal through the valve driver cartridge to an external solenoid. The Model 650/655 WeedSeeker sensor contains sophisticated electronic and optical components and is environmentally sealed to protect its integrity. Each sensor weighs 2.3 pounds (approximately 1 kg). An integrated mounting bracket allows easy attachment to a spray boom. The following figure shows the key parts of the sensor.

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Installing the System

The optical detector is at the front of the sensor. The LED light source (a precision array of LEDs) is slightly behind the optical detector. The LEDs emit a modulated light signal, and the detector reads the reflected light signal. Note It is not hazardous to look directly at the emitted light. When a plant is present, the sensor circuitry activates the valve cartridge or external valve, which dispenses the chemical. Electrical connection is to the sensor through a 12-pin cable to either of its two ports. Mounting height

Model 650: When mounted 18"-30" (approximately 45 cm-77 cm) from the ground and pointed straight down, the sensor has a field of view of 13" 0.5" (Approximately 33 cm 1.3 cm). Model 655: When mounted 24"-30" (approximately 61 cm-77 cm) from the ground and pointed straight down, the sensor has a field of view of 16" 0.5" (approximately 41 cm1.3 cm).

Valve cartridge

The model VC01 valve cartridge consists of:


" hose barb brass inlet (incoming fluid) Spray nozzle Nozzle cap LED indicator 3-pin electrical connector
WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide 11

Installing the System

Two captive screws

Use the valve cartridge to apply most water soluble chemicals.

CAUTION Using wettable powders or other non-water soluble materials causes the solenoid to fail and voids the warranty of the valve cartridge.

The chemical from the tank enters through the inlet and is dispensed through the nozzle. The LED indicator is lit when the solenoid is open. When the solenoid is energized, you will hear a metallic click. Plug the cartridge into the cavity at the rear of sensor. The solenoid and sensor are slotted to ensure correct alignment. Two captive screws hold the cartridge in place. Inside the cartridge are a solenoid valve, a magnetic filter, and a small circuit board. The circuit drives the solenoid and the indicator LED. The internal filter is #160 mesh. The filter and magnet prevent sand, non-dissolved chemical material, and magnetic particles in the fluid from clogging the solenoid valve. You must flush the cartridge with fresh water after each day of spraying. Use the fresh-water source on the sprayer, see the figure on page 20, or connect to a fresh-water hose. Otherwise, particulate matter and chemical residue will build up excessively on the valve seat. Nozzle A threaded nozzle cap attaches the spray nozzle to the base of the valve cartridge. The spray nozzle provides an optimum spray pattern that matches the field of view of the sensor. The TP6502 nozzle is standard: Special applications may require other nozzles.
TeeJet nozzle TP4002 Note Use when spraying under a narrow hood. TP6502 TP6502E Note Use with the Model 655 WeedSeeker system to obtain an even spray pattern to match its wider field of view. TP6503 TP6504 65 65 0.30 0.40 15 15 65 65 0.20 0.20 15 15 Spray angle (Degrees) 40 Flow rate (gpm) at 40 psi 0.20 Width at 24 12

Valve driver cartridge


Use the valve driver cartridge (VDC05) instead of the valve cartridge (VC01) in applications that require a larger valve or one that must be located remotely. The VDC05 cartridge fits in the sensor just as the VC01 cartridge does, but it contains a valve driver circuit capable of up to 5 Amps at 12 V.
12 WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Installing the System

When the sensor detects a plant or weed, the VDC05 cartridge outputs an electronic signal of 12 V. This signal operates an external valve, which in turn controls a spray nozzle or a bank of spray nozzles. The LED turns on to indicate that the cartridge is energized. The following figure shows the connections for the VDC05.

Connect The red wire The yellow wire The solenoid

To the positive side of a 12 V (negative ground) battery the external solenoid the same ground as the controller

Use a 10 A fuse between the battery and the VDC05 cartridge.

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

13

Installing the System

WeedSeeker controller

Switch/LED POWER SPEED SENSITIVITY CALIBRATE (SOIL BASE) SOUND FLUSH LIFT SWITCH LED

Description Switches on or switches off all sensors connected to that single controller. Sensor units do not retain settings in memory when turned off. Matches the controller to the vehicle speed. For more information, see page 15. Adjusts the sensitivity of the sensors for the size of weeds to be sprayed. A small number equals a small weed. Resets the background reference value of each sensor. Calibrate in a weed-free location. Enables the beeper. This is a reminder that the system is in Standby mode. Energizes (opens) all connected sensor valves. The light is on when Standby mode has been activated by a remote switch.

WARM UP LED The light is on for approximately 30 seconds when the sensors are first turned on. STANDBY Pauses operation of all sensors by directing the valves to close. The STANDBY LED flashes. Soil base settings are retained while in Standby mode.

The Model 150 WeedSeeker controller operates up to 30 sensors, with a maximum of 15 on a single port. Mount the controller so that the operator can see the indicator lights and can easily reach the switches while operating the vehicle.
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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Installing the System

To accurately spray a weed, the time delay to activate the valve cartridge must approximately match the vehicle's speed. There are three speed settings, which the operator must set manually, corresponding to speed ranges of:
Low (LO) Medium (MED) High (HI) 3-5 MPH 5-7 MPH 7-10 MPH (5-8 kph) (8-11 kph) (11-16 kph)

When correctly set, the spray turns on slightly before the vehicle reaches the weed and turns off slightly after it passes the weed. Note There is an AutoSpeed option for the controller. With a ground speed sensor connected, the speed setting changes automatically. For more information, see AutoSpeed options, page 38.

Toggle the SOIL BASE switch to calibrate the sensors. What each sensor detects instantly becomes a new background reference value (soil baseline). As the sprayer travels through the field, each sensor compares the current reflectance signal to the soil base value stored in memory. Do not set the soil base while a sensor is over a weed. Otherwise, smaller weeds will not be sprayed; only weeds larger than the initial weed will be sprayed.

Tip Toggle the switch quickly. Holding the switch on does not improve the calibration.

A Remote Standby function is available in Model 150/155. A lift switch mounted on a boom (typically used on row crop sprayers) and plugged into the multipurpose input connector on the controller activates Standby mode when the boom is lifted and the switch contact opens. This option is programmed at the factory or by the reseller. The Model 151 master controller has the same control panel but Model 151 is cabled to one or more Model 155 line controllers located out on the boom. Route power from the battery directly to the line controllers. For more information, refer to the WeedSeeker Large System Installation Instructions (P/N 500-1-016). If ground speed sensors or lift switches are part of the system, connect them to the line controllers. You can connect a ground speed sensor to each line controller or shared among them as required by the application. The same applies to the lift switch.

Electrics
1. Connect the controller directly to 12 V DCusually the vehicle battery:

Connect the red (or orange) power lead to the positive battery terminal. Connect the black power lead to the negative battery terminal.

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

15

Installing the System

2.

If available on the vehicle, plug the power cable quick-disconnect into a reliable convenience outlet. The controller must be fused: The fuse size depends on the number of sensors connected to it. Systems with fewer than 14 sensors are supplied with a 7.5 A fuse; larger systems use a 15 A fuse. Each WeedSeeker sensor draws 0.23 A of current. The controller draws 0.30 A.

3. 4.

Use long sensor cables, usually 80 inches to 22 ft (approximately 2 m to 6.7 m), to connect the controller to the sensors. Fit the 12-pin connectors, which are keyed to be plugged in one way (there are two ridges on one wall of the plastic shroud). Do not force the connectors or over-tighten the fastening screws: They will go in smoothly when aligned, though it may take more than one attempt. When they are completely plugged in, with the fastener retainer against the sensor, turn the retainer to align the Phillips screws so that you can tighten them.

5.

In each section:

Cap the last sensor's unused cable connector with a nylon sensor plug or a large system terminator ( for systems with more than 20 sensors). Route the cables out of harm's way-away from hot or sharp objects and potential snag points. The cables and hoses must not obstruct the view of the sensor's light source, detector, of the valve nozzles. Use tie wraps to secure the cables.

WARNING If you need to weld on the tractor or sprayer, remove both the positive and negative leads from the battery terminals to disconnect the power. If you need to weld on the spray boom, disconnect the power and remove the sensor(s) completely from the spray boom.

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Installing the System

Single-boom systems On a small, single-boom system, such as in the following figure, the controller distributes the power directly to the sensors through one long sensor cable and the required number of short sensor cables.

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

17

Installing the System

Double-boom systems On a small, double-boom system, such as that in the following figure, the controller distributes the power directly to the sensors through two long sensor cables and the required number of short sensor cables.

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Installing the System

Row crop systems On a small, row crop system, such as that in the following figure, the controller distributes the power directly to the sensors through the long sensor cables and the required number of short sensor cables.

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

19

Installing the System

Plumbing

Trimble recommends adding a clean-water flush system to the plumbing setup. This could be a mounted flush tank or a fresh-water hose connection. With a 3-way valve, you can select chemicals or fresh water to supply the sensor spray nozzles. When flushing the system, change the positions on the return 3-way valve to return fresh water to the fresh-water flush tank, and prevent dilution of the chemical in the tank. Use a #100 mesh filter to protect the pump. Install a #200 mesh filter between the regulator and the sensors to prevent the cartridges becoming clogged. In many cases, clogging may be severe enough that even back flushing will not clear the valve cartridge. The inlet line for each sensor is 1/4" (0.6 cm) inside diameter hose. For the system connecting line, use 3/8 (approximately 1.15 cm) or 1/2 (1.25 cm) hose to ensure correct flow rates.

CAUTION Set the regulator to 35-40psi. The static pressure must not exceed 50psi.

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

CHAPTER

3
Operations
In this chapter:

3

Starting the system Spraying Care and maintenance

This chapter describes how to operate the WeedSeeker system, and how to correctly care for and maintain it.

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21

Operations

Starting the system


1. 2. 3. 4. Open the lid of the controller to gain access to the front panel. For more information about the functions, see WeedSeeker controller, page 14. Make sure that the FLUSH switch is off, turn on the pump and then set the required pressure (50 psi maximum). Turn on the POWER switch. The WARMUP indicator flashes for approximately 20-30 seconds while the electronics reach the correct operating point. During the warm-up phase, make these initial adjustments to the system:

Sensitivity Trimble recommends that you start with a sensitivity setting of 3 or 4 and then adjust it as necessary in the field. If the setting is too high, the sensor will miss small weeds; If it is too low, it will be too sensitive. Speed Set the speed to LO for 3-5 mph, MED for 5-7 mph, and HI for 7-10 mph. If the vehicle speed is unknown, set the speed to MED and then adjust it as necessary once you start spraying.

If the spray pattern falls before the weed, reduce the speed setting. If the spray pattern falls after of the weed, increase the speed setting.

Once the WARMUP light goes off, the sensors are in Standby mode. 5. Calibrate the sensors for the specific soil or pavement type. Position the sensors over a completely weed-free patch of ground and then briefly press the SOIL BASE switch. For best results, set the soil base in the field. Press the STANDBY switch to change the sensors from Standby mode to Operational mode; the STANDBY light turns off. Turn on or turn off the SOUND switch as required.

6. 7.

For more information, see WeedSeeker controller, page 14.

WARNING Avoid contact with the chemical spray; Follow safe and correct chemical handling procedures.

8. 9.

To verify the operation of each sensor, wave a weed or a leaf under each sensor to confirm that each unit sprays. If the sensor does not recognize the weed, check the sensitivity setting. If the problem persists, refer to the WeedSeeker Troubleshooting Manual.

You are now ready to begin spraying.

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Operations

Spraying

CAUTION The sensors are susceptible to interference from some cell phones and two-way radios. If you operate a radio communication device near the sensors, be aware that the sensor valve may activate and spray. If you are in an area where this would be a problem, switch the system to Standby mode to avoid unwanted spraying.

Press the SOIL BASE switch to calibrate whenever soil conditions change. Do this over a bare (weed-free) area of ground. For best results, set the soil base at or near the area to be sprayed. Periodically, check that all WeedSeeker sensors are working correctlyespecially when you start spraying and later in the day when you can conveniently stop spraying. 1. 2. 3. Stop the vehicle and then put the system into Standby mode. Turn on the FLUSH switch and then make sure that all valve cartridge LED indicators are on and that each nozzle is spraying. Check the detector and light source windows on the underside of the sensors. If they are dusty or dirty, use a soft dry rag to wipe them clean.

When traveling in an area that is not sprayed, such as between fields, switch to Standby mode to pause sensor operation. If the sprayer has a boom that is automatically lifted, for example, on a hooded row crop sprayer, you can add a lift switch to remotely switch the sensors to Standby mode. The LIFT SWITCH light comes on when you activate the LIFT SWITCH. When the boom is lifted, all the sensors are automatically put in Standby mode to prevent unwanted spraying.

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23

Operations

Care and maintenance


Good care and maintenance of your WeedSeeker system is essential to maintain high performance. At the end of each day of spraying, do the following.

WARNING Parts of the vehicle may be under pressure. To avoid injury from pressurized parts, relieve all pressure in oil, air, and water systems before you disconnect any lines, fittings, or related items. To avoid being sprayed by pressurized liquids, hold a rag over fill caps, breathers, or hose connections when you remove them. Do not use your bare hands to check for hydraulic leaks. Use a board or cardboard instead.

Flush the entire system with fresh water to remove chemical residue: a. b. c. d. Switch to a fresh-water flush tank or fresh-water hose connection. Turn on the FLUSH switch. With the FLUSH switch on, check each valve nozzle. If a sensor stops spraying, but the valve LED lights are still operating, the valve is clogged. For details on how to back-flush a valve cartridge, refer to the Troubleshooting Manual.

Check the detector and light source windows for dust and dirt. Use a dry paint brush or a soft rag to clean them. Do not leave the WeedSeeker system outdoors during extreme weather conditions. Wide temperature variations may reduce the operating life of the system. Flush the contents from the valve cartridge to prevent it splitting if stored in freezing weather. Do not store a WeedSeeker system with the sensors facing upward. Otherwise, water may collect around the windows and gaskets, causing seal failures in those areas. In addition, direct sunlight may focus enough energy into the sensor to damage the detector.

CAUTION The sensors are susceptible to interference from some cell phones and two-way radios. If operating a radio communication device near the sensors, be aware that the sensor valve may activate and spray. If you are in an area where this would be a problem, switch the system to Standby mode to avoid erratic spraying.

If you experience operating problems, see Chapter 4, Troubleshooting: Limit any repairs to those covered in that chapter. There are no field serviceable components of the electronic system: Do not attempt to repair a malfunctioning controller or sensor. For assistance, contact your local reseller.

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

CHAPTER

4
Troubleshooting
In this chapter:

4

Guidelines The controller Cables The sensor Valve cartridges Sensitivity The soil base Speed

This chapter describes faults that may occur when you operate the WeedSeeker system, and suggests possible solutions.

CAUTION To avoid damage from voltage spikes, turn off the power before you connect or disconnect cables or valve cartridges. CAUTION Before you start to troubleshoot the system, flush all the hoses and valve cartridges with fresh water. CAUTION Before you disconnect any hoses, make sure that the pump is turned off and that the pressure is released. CAUTION Use fresh water to test the system spraying capabilities. CAUTION Wear the appropriate Personal Protection Equipment, as necessary.

C C C C

This chapter does not describe pump or other plumbing-related issues.

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25

Troubleshooting

Guidelines
When troubleshooting the system: 1. 2. 3. Carry out a visual inspection. Check all cables for cuts or pinches. Make sure that all light source and detector windows are clean and clear.

Troubleshooting the system is divided into controller, cable, sensor, and valve cartridge faults:

If the entire system does not turn on, troubleshoot the controller and the cables. If the controller turns on, but one or more sensors do not operate correctly, troubleshoot the sensors and valve cartridges. Faults that affect both sides, or that affect all the sensors on one side, are usually in the controller or in the cables from the controller to the sensors. Faults that affect individual sensors are usually associated with the sensors themselves or with the valve cartridges.

The controller
Connect the controller directly to a fully-charged 12 volt battery. Alternatively, plug the power cable quick-disconnect into a reliable and convenient outlet. The controller internal circuits prevent the system from turning on if the power source is too high (15 volts or more), too low (11 volts or less), or if the current draw is too great (if there is a short in the system). Possible faults are as follows.

The system does not turn on


1. 2. Make sure that the power cable is correctly connected (see Electrics, page 15) and that there are at least 12 volts at the power cable quick-disconnect socket. Make sure the blade-type fuse in the battery cable is not blown.

The system switches into the Standby mode by itself


1. Make sure that:

the battery is fully charged the alternator is charging correctly all cable connections are tight and secure

2.

If an electric pump is drawing most of the power, add an additional heavy-duty, deep-cycle battery to the electrical system.

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Troubleshooting

Cables
Power and the control signals are distributed to the sensors through the controller, hood-to-hood, and short sensor cables. The cable plugs are a 12-pin, keyed connector. The two bumps in the cable plug fit into the two notches in the sensor connector jack. It is difficult, but possible, to force a cable plug into a sensor cable connection jack so that the connection is backwards. If this happens, the controller will not turn on. The circuit boards are not damaged if the cable connection is reversed; they are protected by internal safety components. Possible faults are as follows.

The system does not turn on


1. 2. 3. 4. Make sure that the power cable connections at the battery are not reversed. Make sure that all cable connections are correct. To isolate the fault on a large system, divide the group in half and then check for the symptom. Depending on the size of the system, continue to divide the group until the fault is found.

Note There may be more than one reversed cable connection. If all cable connections are correct, the fault is with a sensor or a valve cartridge.

The sensor

The sensor has an internal light source that shines on the ground. A beam of red light projects from the rectangular window. It is safe to look into the window to check for the light source because the light is produced by Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs.) The reflected light is collected by the detector and the signal is processed by a mini-computer. If a weed is detected, the computer energizes the solenoid valve in the valve cartridge and the weed is sprayed with herbicide. When the flush switch on the controller is turned on, the sensor energizes the valve cartridge.

Possible faults are as follows.

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27

Troubleshooting

The sensor does not operate correctly


1. 2. 3. 4. Determine if the fault is one unit, a group of units, or all the units. Make sure that the light source and detector windows are clean. Make sure that the sensor's light source is energized. If there is no light source, but the valve cartridge sprays when you turn on the flush switch, look for a broken pin on the cables or the sensor socket.

If the valve cartridge does not react correctly when plant material is placed in the field of view, but does react correctly when you turn on the flush switch, the fault could be with the sensor or the valve cartridge. Further testing is required: 1. Do the following: a. b. c. d.

Turn off the power switch. Remove the valve cartridge. Install a different valve cartridge that is known to be good. Turn on the power switch and allow the system to warm up. If the cartridge reacts correctly, the original valve cartridge is probably faulty. Further testing of the original valve cartridge is required. If the cartridge still does not react correctly, the sensor is probably faulty. Further testing is required; continue with Step 2.

2.

Do the following: a. b. c.

Turn off the power switch. Replace the unit with a known good sensor. Turn on the power switch and allow the system to warm up. If the symptom persists, the fault is in another component. Further testing is required. If the symptom disappears, the original sensor is faulty.

Valve cartridges
When the sensor detects a weed, or you turn on the flush switch, the valve cartridge is energized, the internal solenoid valve opens to spray herbicide, and the LED above the serial number label turns on. Possible faults are as follows.

The LED turns on but the cartridge does not spray


Do one or more of the following:

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Troubleshooting

1. 2. 3. 4.

Make sure that the nozzle tip is clear. If it is clear, it may be that the cartridge is blocked. Back flush the valve cartridge, see page 29. Refurbish the valve cartridge, see page 30. Replace the cartridge.

The valve cartridge sprays continuously


The valve cartridge sprays continuously when the system is in the Standby mode and the LED is off; the valve is stuck open. Do one or more of the following: 1. 2. Back flush the valve cartridge, see page 29. Replace the cartridge.

The cartridge does not spray and the LED does not turn on correctly
The cartridge does not spray and the LED does not turn on correctly when plant material is placed in the field of view, or when you turn on the flush switch. The fault could be with the valve cartridge or the sensor. Further testing is required.

Determining if a valve cartridge is faulty


1. 2. 3. 4. Turn off the power switch. Remove the valve cartridge. Install the suspect cartridge into another sensor that is known to be good. Turn on the power switch and allow the system to warm up.

If the valve cartridge still does not react correctly, it is faulty. If the cartridge does react correctly, the original sensor is probably faulty. Further testing of the original sensor is required.

Back flushing the valve cartridge


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Turn on the system, allow it to warm up, and place it in Standby mode. Turn off the pump and release pressure in the hoses. Turn on the flush switch. Remove the inlet hose and nozzle tip from the blocked cartridge. Connect a clean water line to the nozzle connection: Use a maximum pressure of 50 psi. Turn on the fresh water supply.

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29

Troubleshooting

7. 8. 9.

Allow the fresh water to flow through the cartridge and out through the brass inlet for two minutes. Turn off the water. Turn off the flush switch.

10. Replace the nozzle tip and then connect the hose to the brass inlet. 11. Return the system to its normal operating condition.

Refurbishing the valve cartridge


You must refurbish the valve cartridge when the internal 160 mesh filter becomes so blocked with material that back flushing does not clear it. Refurbishment involves cleaning the valve cartridge, and cleaning or replacing the internal filter, while re-using all other parts. If you need to replace any parts, see the Parts list, page 31. To order parts or a valve cartridge refurbishment kit (P/N 900-1-013), contact your reseller.

CAUTION Before you begin, read the Safety Information, page 3, and the Cautions at the beginning of this chapter, page 25.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Remove the nozzle tip and inspect it. Make sure that it is clear and not the cause of the reduced flow rate. If necessary, clean it with a soft bristle brush. Turn off power to the WeedSeeker system. Disconnect the hose, loosen the two captive screws and then remove the valve cartridge from the housing. Clean the outside of the valve cartridge with fresh water to remove as much contamination as possible. Disassemble the valve cartridge. Use a 2.5 mm or 3/32" Allen wrench. a. Remove the four 2.5" 4-40 screws and lock washers. The valve cartridge is composed of three sections: lid, body, and base. There are no serviceable parts in the lid or body. The solenoid valve is screwed into the body with a precise torque setting to prevent leakage and thread stripping. Use your hands to carefully remove the base from the body: Do not pry the sections apart with any tool. Disassemble the internal pieces for cleaning. Clean all parts including the base and the external portion of the body. Use a soft-bristle brush to clean the filter. Be careful not to puncture, tear, or bend the filter. Use the brush and a pick to completely remove any contamination from the other parts. Inspect the filter and replace it if there are any cracks or holes.

b. c. d.

e.
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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Troubleshooting

6.

Reassemble the valve cartridge. a. Assemble the filter, spacer, magnet, washer and o-rings, as shown in following figure. This is best accomplished if you hold the body with the long shaft upward.
2
Qty A/R 1 4 4 1 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Parts list
Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 010-1-083-01 P/N 900-1-005-01 Name Valve Cartridge (VC01) Lid Washer, Lock - #4 Washer, flat - M3 Body Screw - 4-40 x 2.5 Filter Disk Spacer Magnet Washer O-ring, Small - 007-S-70 Base Nozzle Tip - 6502 Nozzle Cap - 8027-NYB

Screw, Captive - #6 x 2

3 4 and 5

6 7 1 8 9 10 11 12 13

O-ring, Large - 028-S-70 1

14 Refurbishment Kit (P/N 900-1-013) contains items 5, 8, 11, 12 and 13

15 16

b. c. d. e. f. g.

Set the filter down over the shaft. Set the spacer over the shaft onto the filter. Set and visually center the magnet on the filter. The magnet may shift around on the filter and must be visually centered by hand. Set the small washer onto the end of the shaft. If necessary, fit the small o-ring onto the end of the shaft. Fit the large o-ring onto the base. Carefully pull the o-ring over the edge. Do not roll the o-ring over the edge as this will twist the o-ring and it will not seal properly.

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31

Troubleshooting

h.

Align the lid, body, and base and then carefully fit the base over the shaft of the body. Squeeze gently to compress the two o-rings together. Make sure that the magnet stays in the correct position. Hold everything together while you install the four 2.5" 4-40 screws with their flat washers and lock washers. Tighten the four screws to a torque limit of 50 ounce feet per inch. This is a snug fit; do not distort the plastic guide holes in the lid.

i. j. 7. 8. 9.

Insert the valve cartridge into the housing and then secure it with the two captive screws. Turn on the WeedSeeker system. Flow test the valve cartridge: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. Remove the nozzle tip from the valve cartridge. Flush the plumbing system with fresh water. Connect the hose to the brass inlet. Pressurize the hoses; make sure that the plumbing system is operating between 35 psi and 40 psi. Turn on the flush (purge) switch. For exactly 30 seconds, catch the water flow in a graduated container. Turn off the flush (purge) switch. Normal flow rates produce volumes of 24 oz - 32 oz, (720 mls - 960 mls). For more details, see the following Flow rates.

10. Do one of the following:

If the valve cartridge produces a satisfactory flow rate, it is ready to be returned to service. Fit the nozzle cap and nozzle tip onto the valve cartridge. If the valve cartridge does not produce a satisfactory flow rate, the solenoid valve or circuit board has failed. Replace the valve cartridge. Keep the nozzle tip if it is different than the standard 6502 tip.

Flow rates
Ounces (oz) per 30 seconds ( 2 oz) Nozzle tip 30 psi 35 psi 11 17 22 28 40 psi Milliliters (mls) per 30 seconds ( 60 mls) 30 psi 290 430 580 720 35 psi 35 psi 390 580 770 960

6502 6503 6504 None

10 14 19 24

13 19 26 32

340 500 670 840

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Troubleshooting

Sensitivity

The sensitivity knob determines what size weed will be sprayed. Several small weeds are equal in chlorophyll content to one large weed. Moss is a plant, so a small patch of moss is detected as if it were a large weed. When pointing straight down, each sensor has a field of view of 13" ".

Possible faults are as follows.

The system misses some smaller weeds


Increase the sensitivity: Set the adjustment to a smaller number. Make the adjustment in one number increments until you reach the required sensitivity.

The system sprays more than it should


Do one or both of the following:

Quickly lift and release the soil base switch to re-calibrate. Do this over weedfree soil. Decrease the sensitivity: Set the adjustment to a larger number. Make the adjustment in one number increments until you reach the required sensitivity.

One sensor misses some smaller weeds or sprays more than it should
Do one or more of the following:

Make sure that the light source and detector windows are clean and clear. Reset the soil base with the entire system over weed-free soil. The soil base may have been set while over a different sample of soil from the rest of the system, such as a small weed, a puddle of water, or a dry spot. Make sure that the field of view is the correct width.

Testing the field of view


Conduct the test with the sensor positioned over dry, weed-free soil. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Turn on the system, allow it to warm up and then put it into Standby mode. Turn off the pump and release pressure in the hoses. Set the soil base. Set the sensitivity to maximumfully counter-clockwise. Switch the system out of Standby mode, Use a piece of one-inch wide, healthy plant material that is to test the reaction of the sensor.
WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide 33

Troubleshooting

7.

Find and mark the limits of the sensor's field of view: Observe when the valve cartridge LED turns on and off.

The soil base

Set the soil base over weed-free soil, and in the fieldnot on the road at the end of the rows. Dry sandy soil has a different reflectance value from moist, loamy soil. If you move the system to a different type of soil, change the soil base. At the instant when you release the soil base switch, whatever each sensor detects as the reflectance value becomes that sensor's new background value. Each sensor constantly compares the reflectance value to the background value (amount of chlorophyll) stored in its memory. For an object to be sprayed, it must have a chlorophyll reflectance value greater than that in the sensors memory. If the soil base was set while a sensor was over a weed:

Smaller weeds will not be sprayed. Only weeds larger than the initial weed will be sprayed.

Possible faults are as follows.

A sensor sprays where there are no weeds: Phantom spraying


1. 2. Press the soil base switch to recalibrate the background value. Do this over weed-free soil If the problem persists, use a lower the sensitivity setting.

A sensor does not spray weeds


1. 2. Press the soil base switch to recalibrate the background value. Do this over weed-free soil If the problem persists, use a higher the sensitivity setting.

Speed

To correctly spray a weed, the time delay before the valve cartridge opens and the duration that it stays open must match the vehicle speed. Since the system does not use a speed sensing device, the speed switch selects a range of speeds to control the timing.

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Troubleshooting

The system has an operating range of 3-10 mph (5-16 kph). The settings are:
Low (LO) Medium (MED) High (HI) 3-5 MPH 5-7 MPH 7-10 MPH (5-8 kph) (8-11 kph) (11-16 kph)

When correctly set, the spray turns on slightly before the weed and stays on until slightly after the weed.

Possible faults are as follows. Note Do not change the vehicle speed to correct these faults. Otherwise, you must recalculate the nozzle flow rates.

The sensor sprays too far before the weed


Reduce the speed setting.

The sensor sprays to far after the weed


Increase the speed setting.

Testing the speed setting


Conduct the test on a dry, weed-free road. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Turn on the system, allow it to warm up and then put it into Standby mode. Turn on the pump and pressurize the hoses. Use a larger-than-normal nozzle tip so that you can observe the spray pattern on the ground. Set the soil base. Set the sensitivity to maximumfully counter-clockwise. Select the required speed setting. Place a target weed on the road ahead of the vehicle. Leave enough space between the vehicle and the target so that the vehicle can reach the correct speed. Switch the system out of Standby mode. Drive the vehicle at the correct speed until the target weed is detected and sprayed.

8. 9.

10. Observe the spray pattern on the ground. 11. If necessary, change the speed setting and then repeat the test.

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35

Troubleshooting

36

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

APPENDIX

A
Appendix
In this appendix:

A

AutoSpeed options Boom configurations

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37

Appendix

AutoSpeed options
The WeedSeeker Model 150 controller has an AutoSpeed option, which enables it to operate at variable rates of speed without the operator having to manually change the SPEED switch. Install a speed sensing device on your spray vehicle and then connect it to the multi-purpose input connector on the controller. The correct speed range changes automatically as vehicle speed varies between 3 mph10 mph. If the speed sensing device is disconnected, the controller reverts to the speed setting of the SPEED switch on the controller. The Model 150 controller connects to a radar ground speed sensor, proximity pick-up, or magnetic pick-up. The SPEED selector is then updated constantly to keep weed detection and spraying on target. You must configure the Model 150 controller to the specific type of speed sensing device. Compatible ground speed radars include the MID-TECH II radar (57.4 Hz/mph), the DICKEY-john radar (44.1 Hz/mph), and the SkyTrak GPS-based sensor (58.2 Hz/mph). You can also configure it for specific proximity pick-up systems.

Boom configurations
Setup

The WeedSeeker system is used in orchards, vineyards, row crop fields, fallow fields, irrigation, and street and roadside applications, which require different mounting arrangements for the sensors. The type of mounting bar depends on the type of vehicle and how it will be attached.

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Appendix

The Model 650 sensor must be 18"-30" (approximately 45 cm-77 cm) from the ground for the units to correctly sense. To accommodate maximum ground variations, the height of the rectangular LED window should be in the middle of this range, about 24 (approximately 61 cm). The Model 655 sensor must be 24"-30" (approximately 61 cm-77 cm) from the ground, with the optimal height of the rectangular LED window at about 27 (approximately 68.5 cm).

Styles

Figure A.1, Figure A.2, Figure A.3, and Figure A.4 show frequently used orchard and vineyard boom configurations. Figure A.5 and Figure A.6 show two flat surface-boom configurations.

A typical application is fallow field spraying using a straight boom. See Figure A.6. In this case, the sensors are evenly spaced, and oriented vertically on a boom equal to the width of the spray pattern. When the width to be treated is wider than the boom (as in the back of a vehicle), the end sensors are lowered and angled out to extend the total field of view. See Figure A.5. To do this, use a bar that steps down, see Figure A.1, or use a straight bar at a lower level and then step the sensors up with the use of mounting plates, see Figure A.3. The mounting plates are not included. The sensors are placed under plastic hoods to keep non-selective chemicals from drifting onto the crop. See Figure A.7. The hoods, tank, pump, and hoses are mounted on a tool bar that attaches to a tractor.

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39

Appendix

Boom configuration diagrams

Figure A.1

Boom for sensors with strip coverage with berm: 2" x 2" square tube

Figure A.2

Boom configurations: 2" x 2" square tube

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Appendix

Figure A.3

Boom configurations: 1" square tube with mounting plates

Figure A.4

Boom configurations: 1" square tube with mounting plates

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

41

Appendix

Figure A.5

Boom for sensors for complete coverage: This example shows10 sensors

Figure A.6

Boom for sensors for complete coverage: This example shows 8 sensors

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

Appendix

Figure A.7

6-Row, 40" system: Hoods, tank, pump, and hoses mounted on a tool bar

WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide

43

Appendix

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WeedSeeker System Installation and Operation Guide