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Table 5-4

Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement—Fiscal Year 2001 Participants
Alaska Cargo Transport, Inc. Maybank Navigation Co., LLC
American Automar, Inc. McAllister Towing and Transportation Co., Inc.
American President Lines, Ltd. Moby Marine Corp.
American Roll-On Roll-Off Carrier, LLC Moran Towing Corp.
American Ship Management, LLC a NPR, Inc.
Automar International Car Carrier, Inc. a Ocean Marine Shipping, Inc.
Beyel Brothers Inc. Odyssea Shipping Line LLC
Central Gulf Lines, Inc. a OSG Car Carriers, Inc.a
Cook Inlet Marine Resolve Towing & Salvage, Inc.
Crowley Liner Services, Inc. Samson Tug & Barge Co., Inc.
Crowley Marine Services, Inc. Sea Star Line, LLC
CSX Lines, LLC Seacor Marine International Inc.
Donjon Marine Co., Inc. Sealift Inc.
Double Eagle Marine, LLC Signet Maritime Corp.
E-Ships, Inc.a Smith Maritime
Farrell Lines Inc. STEA Corp.
First American Bulk Carrier Corp. a Stevens Towing Co., Inc.
First Ocean Bulk Carrier-I, LLC a Superior Marine Services, Inc.
First Ocean Bulk Carrier-II, LLC a Totem Ocean Trailer Express, Inc.
First Ocean Bulk Carrier-III, LLC a Trailer Bridge, Inc.
Foss Maritime Co. TransAtlantic Lines LLC
Gimrock Maritime, Inc. Trico Marine Operators, Inc.
Liberty Shipping Group Limited Partnership Troika International, Ltd.
Lockwood Brothers, Inc. U.S. Ship Management, Inc. a
Lykes Lines Limited, LLC Van Ommeren Shipping (USA) LLC
Lynden Inc. Waterman Steamship Corp. a
Maersk Line, Ltd. a Weeks Marine, Inc.
Matson Navigation Co., Inc.
a
Denotes Maritime Security Program operators.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, Office of Sealift Support,
2001.

• The Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement (VISA) is the Department of Defense’s (DOD’s)
principal commercial sealift readiness program. VISA was jointly developed by the Maritime
Administration (MARAD) and the U.S. Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM).
• As of May 1, 2001, 55 U.S.-flag carriers, 114 oceangoing vessels, and 397 miscellaneous vessels
(including tugs, barges, and offshore supply vessels) were enrolled in the VISA program. The VISA
program provides DOD with sealift capacity and other transportation resources. DOD has estimated
that it would cost over $9 billion to duplicate the current VISA fleet.

• Maritime Security Program (MSP) (see table 5-2) vessels represent approximately 70 percent of
the VISA fleet capacity. MSP operators are required to commit their MSP vessels to VISA. Non-
MSP U.S.-flag carriers volunteer for VISA participation in exchange for priority carriage of DOD
peacetime cargoes.
• VISA provides for a Joint Planning Advisory Group (JPAG) chaired by MARAD and
USTRANSCOM. JPAG meetings generally convene on a semiannual basis during peacetime, and
as necessary during war or national emergency. During JPAG meetings, MARAD, USTRANSCOM,
and maritime industry representatives identify and discuss DOD requirements, concepts of
operations, and test program arrangements.