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PHY 5347

Homework Set 3 Solutions – Kimel

3. 9.1 a)

ρx⃗, t = qδzδy − sin ω 0 tδx − d cos ωt


To illustrate the equivalence of the two methods, I’ll consider the lowest two moments.

n = 0 : Qt = ∫ ρx⃗, td 3 x = q = Reqe −i0⋅ωt 

n=1:⃗
pt = ∫ ρx⃗, tx⃗d 3 x = qdî cos ωt + sin ωt = Reqdî + i e −i1⋅ωt 

So we identify ⃗
p = qdî + i  as the quantity to be used in Jackson’s formulas.
Arbitrary n: The n’th multipoles will contribute with maximum frequencies of ω n = nω.

b) The proof that we can write



ρx⃗, t = ρ 0 x⃗ + ∑ Re2ρ n x⃗e −inωt 
n=1

with
τ
ρ n x⃗ = 1τ ∫ 0 ρx⃗, te inωt dt
was presented in lecture and will not be repeated here.
c) We have already calculated the n = 0, 1 moments by the method of part a). Now we
compute these moments by the method of part b).
n=0:
τ
ρ 0 x⃗ = 1τ ∫ 0 qδzδy − sin ω 0 tδx − d cos ωtdt
τ
Q= ∫ ρ 0 x⃗d 3 x = q
τ ∫ 0 dt ∫ d 3 xδzδy − sin ω 0 tδx − d cos ωt = q
n=1:
τ
ρ 1 x⃗ = 1τ ∫ 0 qδzδy − sin ω 0 tδx − d cos ωte iωt dt
τ

px⃗ = ∫ d 3 xx⃗2ρ 1 x⃗ = 2q
τ ∫ 0 dt ∫ d 3 xx⃗δzδy − sin ω 0 tδx − d cos ωt
τ
=
2qd
τ ∫ 0 dte iωt î cos ωt + sin ωt = qdî + i 

as before.