PHY 5347 Homework Set 3 Solutions – Kimel 3. 9.

1 a) 

, t  q z  y x

sin  0 t  x

d cos t

To illustrate the equivalence of the two methods, I’ll consider the lowest two moments. n0:Qt  n1:t  p x Þ  , t d 3 x  q  Re qe i0t sin t  Re qd î  i e
i1t

x x Þ  , t d 3 x  qd î cos t 

So we identify   qd î  i as the quantity to be used in Jackson’s formulas. p Arbitrary n: The n’th multipoles will contribute with maximum frequencies of  n  n. b) The proof that we can write  , t   0   x x with n   1 x  x Þ 0  , t e int dt 
Ý n1

Re 2 n  e x

int

was presented in lecture and will not be repeated here. c) We have already calculated the n  0, 1 moments by the method of part a). Now we compute these moments by the method of part b). n0: 0   1 x  Q n1: x Þ 0  d3x  q 

Þ 0 q z  y  

sin  0 t  x

d cos t dt d cos t q

Þ 0 dt Þ d 3 x  z  y

sin  0 t  x 

1   1 x    px  x Þ d 3 xx 2 1   as before. 2qd 

Þ 0 q z  y
2q   
 

sin  0 t  x

d cos t e it dt sin  0 t  x d cos t 

Þ 0 dt Þ d 3 xx  z  y 

Þ 0 dte it î cos t

sin t  qd î  i