EGAL RESEARCH GUIDE SERIES
SPECIALIZED RESEARCH GUIDE # 6
A GUIDE TO UNITED NATIONS RESEARCH
THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY LAW SCHOOL JACOB BURNS LAW LIBRARY
Table of Contents
I. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 II. United Nations Resources A. Types of Publications and Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 B. U.N. Affiliated Agencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 III. United Nations Document Symbols A. Basic Pattern of Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 B. Selected Key Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 C. Guides to Document Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 IV. Indexes for United Nations Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 V. Selected Yearbooks and Compilations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 VI. General Assembly Resolutions A. Numbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 B. Publication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 VII. Security Council Resolutions A. Numbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 B. Publication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 VIII. United Nations Charter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 IX. Documents of the Founding Conference of the United Nations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 X. United Nations Treaty Information A. Treaty Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 B. Indexes to UN Treaties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 XI. International Court of Justice (ICJ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 XII. International Arbitration Awards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 XIII. United Nations Information on LEXISNEXIS and WESTLAW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 XIV. United Nations Information on the Web . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
XV. Locating UN Materials Using JACOB, The Library's Catalog A. Author or Subject Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 B. Keyword Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 XVI. Legal and Non-Legal Periodical Indexes and Full Text Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 XVII. Recommended Reading A. International Organizations and the United Nations Generally . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 B. Reform and the Future of the United Nations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 C. United Nations and Human Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 D. Peacekeeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
.G67 2001] United Nations. 2004. New York: Routledge. and telecommunications. In addition. Charter was signed June 26. Introduction
The United Nations (U. can be found in the following: UN at a Glance: http://www. the Trusteeship Council. Dept. 10th ed. Brussels: Union of International Associations.B375 2004] Osmanczyk.) is. civil aviation.N. consists of six principal bodies: General Assembly. Wellington. an organization of countries dedicated to “maintaining international peace and security. according to Article 1 of the U. Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements. Westport. there are 14 specialized agencies working under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council in such diverse areas as health. cooperating internationally in solving international economic.shtml Yearbook of International Organizations. 3rd ed.shtml The U.Y43] Everyone's United Nations. [Location: Latest edition on Reference JZ 4836 . Edmund Jan. social. Basic Facts About the United Nations. N. 1945 in San Francisco at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization.N.N.org/en/documents/charter/index. and harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these common ends. Security Council.” The U. of Public Information . 1973-.org/aboutun/index. Great Debates at the United Nations : an Encyclopedia of Fifty Key Issues 1945-2000. 2001 [Location: Reference: KZ 4968 .E84 1986] Gorman. and the Secretariat.N. Robert F. agriculture. developing friendly relations among nations.O821 2003 v. [Location: SL2: JZ 4970 . The Charter came into force on October 24. the International Court of Justice. 1986. Charter. New York : United Nations. [Location: SL2: JZ 4970 .Z.un. New York: United Nations. Economic and Social Council. : Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Information on the history and organization of the U. and humanitarian problems and promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.N.A GUIDE TO UNITED NATIONS RESEARCH
I. : Greenwood Press. Conn. finance.1-4] United Nations Handbook. The text of the Charter can be found at: http://www. 1945. [Location: Reference KZ 4968 .un. cultural.
” General Assembly resolutions and decisions are compiled into a sessional cumulation that has traditionally been published as the final supplement to the Official Records of the General Assembly. the General Assembly. microfiche collection Online: UN Documents (2000-): http://www.2): According to the Bluebook. If you are using WestlawNext. “when citing resolutions. there are no international law materials available on WestlawNext.) Examples: International Legal Materials or ILM
II. SCOR. Official records also include "Annexes. All citations to verbatim and summary records should be to the Official Records whenever possible. but rather just minutes. References to the Official Records of these bodies are abbreviated GAOR. Some supplements also contain annual reports of various commissions and committees submitted to their parent body. Westlaw: If you are using Westlaw. etc (See Table T. However. Microform: LL1: U.un. New York : Oxford University Press. United Nations Resources
A. Supplement No.[Location: Latest on Ready Reference: JZ 4970 .
. United Nations materials fall into six major categories: VERBATIM AND SUMMARY RECORDS (Rule 21. and the Trusteeship Council are kept in the Official Records of those organs. type the name of the source in the "Search for a database" box.com. "Supplements" are also part of the Official Records. Oxford . type the name of the source in the WestlawNext search box and select the resource from the drop down list. from the 42nd session (1987-1988) onwards.7.1): The minutes or full-text transcripts of the sessional meetings of various bodies of the UN can be found here.N.un.U65 2010-2011] The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations. [Location: SL2: JZ4970 . The Economic and Social Council and the Trade and Development Board do not maintain verbatim records. 49 has been designated to contain the resolutions and decisions of a given regular session.7. it is proper to cite to either the Official Record or to the online version.org/ RESOLUTIONS (Rule 21.7. Types of Publications and Locations
According to Bluebook Rule 21. (Note: at this writing.org/documents/ Official Document System (ODS)(1992-): http://documents. type the source in the search box.O93 2007] To determine if a source listed in this guide is available through LexisNexis or Westlaw: LexisNexis: Select the “Find a Source” tab.3 in the Bluebook)." which republish selected mimeographed documents. 2007 . Complete transcripts of meetings or “verbatim” records as they are called by the Security Council.
etc. Sales publications are assigned unique U.4. Many reports of major bodies of the General Assembly are printed as supplements to the Official Records.N.92.4(b).Security Council resolutions and decisions are compiled into annual cumulations which are issued in the S/INF/.g. however. when citing reports from U. available for purchase from the U. microfiche collection Online: Official Document System (ODS) website: http://documents.un.” When citing to masthead documents.. E..N.4(c). citation to mimeographed documents later published in the Official Record is favored “when possible. In the 19th edition of the Bluebook.org/ Also check the website of the UN issuing body SALES PUBLICATIONS (Rule 21. documents.1).4): Also known as "masthead documents".7. initial publication of important items such as resolutions. the document number.gwu. are arranged by the U. the document symbol (rule 21.N. microfiche collection Online: UN Documents: http://www. individual studies.7. statistical compendia. Most collections of mimeo documents. whether in paper or microfiche. and the date of publication. The Jacob Burns Law Library generally does not have mimeographed documents in their original print format. and the date.N.org/documents/ Official Document System (ODS) website: http://documents.N.4(a).un.7. When citing a Sales publication.un. these are the first and only published format for many U.3): According to the Bluebook.7. the Jacob Burns Law Library’s online catalog to identify Library holdings of individual sales publications at: http://jacob.7): Sales publications are important annuals. Print: Search JACOB. A/46/468.7. They include draft documents.N.IV.7.edu/ MIMEOGRAPHED DOCUMENTS (Rule 21. the title of the document (Rule 21. An example of a sales publication is the Yearbook of the United Nations. committees the cite should include the name of the issuing body. Sales Numbers (e.law.series as part of the Official Records of the Security Council.7. Microform: LL1: U.org/ REPORTS (Rule 21. under Rule 21.N. Each mimeo document has a U. Bluebook Rule 21. pinpoint cite. if any (Rule 21.N. 5
. the title of the report. Microform: LL1: U. There is nothing in the document symbol.7(c) requires citation to the Sales Number.7. for example. document symbol (its unique identification number). document symbols. if any. they should be cited by the name of the institutional author. to indicate to the user whether or not something is a mimeo document. as well as many ephemeral items of marginal interest to those outside the organization.
N. The Bluebook also provides rules for citation of U. microfiche collection Mimeo documents can be found republished in the Official Records of the United Nations or other U. Economic and Social Council and Trusteeship Council.N.8): The U. however.7.org/ •Official repository for documents published by UN •Full text documents (PDF). bodies. Print: JACOB: http://jacob.7.N. Security Council documents available back to 1946.N. 1992-. publishes a number of yearbooks and periodicals. YEARBOOKS AND PERIODICALS (Rule 21.un. Also included are commercial publications and other non-UN sources held in the collection of the Dag Hammarskjöld Library.N.gwu. Regional Organization Documents (Rule 21.5). 1946UNBISNET: United Nations Bibliographic Information System: http://unbisnet.7. Security Council.10). Catalogue of United Nations documents and publications indexed by the UN Dag Hammarskjöld Library and the Library of the UN Office at Geneva.edu/ Search JACOB to identify the Burns Library’s holdings of yearbooks and periodicals issued by U. Press Releases and Memoranda (Rule 21.
.N.Microform: LL1: U.6). Chronicle.un.law. older documents are being added to the catalogue on a regular basis as a result of retrospective conversion.7. (Rule 21.7. Online: UN Documents: http://www. includes resolutions of the General Assembly. Charter (Rule 21.9) and the U.un. Adjudicatory Bodies Established by the U. publications. such as the Yearbook of the United Nations and the U. •All official languages of the United Nations •Comprised of two databases.N. The coverage of UNBISnet is from 1979 onward.org/.org/documents/ Official Document System (ODS) website: http://documents. UN Documentation (1992-) and UN Resolutions.N.
as of this writing. • Provides access to a number of UN yearbooks such as the Yearbook of the International Law Commission and the United Nations Juridical Yearbook among others.N. and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).gwu.com/electronicresources > Click the JBLL Database List tab. DC 202-994-6048 (reference desk)
The Gelman Library of the George Washington University owns a comprehensive microfiche set of U.
Library of Congress. and Independence Avenue. U.org
.N. documentation. Scientific. Some documents issued by these agencies are available on their web sites.
Online: Hein Online: United Nations Law Collection http://law.libguides.
Note: LEXIS and WESTLAW.N. provide virtually no access to U.N.N.C.. These autonomous agencies include such well-known bodies as the United Nations Educational. These agencies have their own separate publication programs. documents for the period 1995-2006. Affiliated Agencies
Most U. indexes and collections do not include publications of the autonomous agencies of the U. publications not available in the Law Library may be located at one of the following libraries:
The Gelman Library of the George Washington University 2130 H Street NW Washington.N. (202) 202-707-5690
The Library of Congress is a United Nations depository and maintains a large collection of documents issued by the U.unsystem. SE Washington. Madison Building 1st St. A list of the web sites can be found by using the Official Website Locator for the United Nations: http://www. the International Labour Organization (ILO). system. U. Newspaper and Current Periodical Reading Room Room LM-133. and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
document number are acronyms denoting other parent bodies: /CCPR/.4 = Commission on Human Rights Sub.1.N.N. United Nations Document Symbols
A. Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) /UNEP/.
B.2/1993/23/Rev.N. Selected Key Symbols
The first letter appearing in the U.N. document symbol.General Assembly E/. organization.N. Basic Pattern of Symbols
Most U.Human Rights Committee /CERD/.N.U.Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) S/.International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination /TD/.1 = Revision 1 of the document Slashes (/) separate the various elements of the U. The most common symbols and their corresponding U." An example of a document symbol is: E/CN.N. organs are: A/.N. organ from which the document originated.4/Sub. document symbol system identify the issuing body and that body's place in the hierarchy of the U. sales numbers (which use periods).III. the parent body CN. This distinguishes the symbols from other numbering systems such as U.U.N. Environment Programme
. documents are identified by an alphanumeric number called a "U. In the above symbol: E = Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).Trusteeship Council Following the first slash in the U. 2 = Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities 1993 = document year 23 = 23rd document Rev. The letters in the U.N.Secretariat T/.N.N. document symbol denotes the major U.Security Council ST/. document symbol.
Working Group After the third slash. letters denoting distribution status are listed: /L._/.Amendment (Alteration.Revision (Indicates a new text which supersedes and replaces that of a previously issued document) Following the fourth slash.Sub-committee /Sub.Resolution /SR._ Restricted (Applies to documents whose confidential contents require that they be withheld from public circulation.Sub-commission /WG._/.) /Corr.Commission /CONF.Corrigendum (Indicates modification of any specific part of an existing document to correct errors. letter abbreviations refer to a specific type of organization: /AC._/.Conference /SC.Standing or permanent committee /CN.org/lib/unique. etc. such as annual or periodic reports. Note: these documents are usually unavailable) C.un. preliminary action documents.Following the second slash._/. or reorganize text.org/Depts/dhl/resguide/ !UN-I-QUE database http://lib-unique._/. yearbooks.Ad-Hoc Committee /C. of a portion of an adopted formal text._/ . the type of document is indicated by the following letters: /PV._/. by decision of a competent authority._/._/. documents.un.
. Documents included are of a recurrent nature.Summary record of meeting /WP._/._/. reports of major conferences. Guides to Document Symbols
!UN Documentation: Research Guide http://www._/.Working Paper A modification of the text is indicated after the fourth slash: /Add.Addendum (Indicates an addition of text to the main document) /Amend._/. draft reports._/.) /Rev. journals. revise wording._ Limited (documents for which wide circulation is not desired because of their temporary nature (draft resolutions.) /R.N.Verbatim records of meetings (procès verbaux) /RES. 1946-._/.nsf assists with locating document symbols and sales numbers of U.
. [Location: Ready Reference JZ 4936 1981]
This guide is helpful for its overview of UN publications. Subject/title indexes are useful starting points for identifying specific bodies whose work concerns particular topics. [Location: SL2: JZ 4947 . A separate "Index of Resolutions and Decisions" lists where a text. If the text is not reprinted. Dept. The Yearbook. disarmament. Document symbols created after 1996 can be identified by using the UN-IQUE database mentioned above.
IV. documents are valuable sources to use to identify documents as well as obtain selected reprints of key documents and summaries and discussions of issues.un.U55] Also available online at: http://unyearbook.org/ UNBIS contains a catalogue of UN publications and documentation that has been indexed by the United Nations Dag Hammarskjöld Library and the Library of the UN Office at Geneva. 1994." It contains numerous references to primary documents. activities.N. New York: United Nations. 1947. summary or discussion of a document may be found. Often the texts of resolutions and decisions made during a particular year are included. Indexes for United Nations Documents
UNBISnet (United Nations.
!United Nations Documentation: A Brief Guide.
V. symbols. It includes an excellent explanation of how to decipher the document numbering system used by the U. New York: United Nations.D33 1946-96]
This publication provides a list of U.N.!United Nations Document Series Symbols 1946-1996. Also included are non-UN publications held in the collection of the Dag Hammarskjöld Library. while "based on official sources. Selected Yearbooks and Compilations
Yearbooks and subject compilations of U..org/ The Yearbook.N. etc. 1998. New York: United Nations. Dag Hammarskjöld Library): http://unbisnet. sometimes there will be a summary of the document. Yearbook of the United Nations. [Location: Ready Reference KZ 4985 .un. is not an official record. of Public Information.N. refugees. A detailed subject index is included. Dag Hammarskjold Library. is an excellent source for reviewing U. arranged by broad subject areas such as human rights. 10
htm as well as in the United Nations Law Collection on Hein Online for the years 1949-2004. United Nations Juridical Yearbook. They are also available at the UNCITRAL website at: http://www.U55] The United Nations Juridical Yearbook contains legislative texts and treaty provisions promulgated each year relating to the legal status of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations. http://www. It is also available at the ILC’s website at: http://untreaty.. http://www. The Law Library has a complete set of the Yearbook in paper. 1968. http://www.law.law.gwu. highlights of decisions of international and national tribunals relating to the legal status of the various organizations of the U. It is also available in the United Nations Law Collection on Hein Online for the years 1968-2010.uncitral.law.
VI..gwu.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions.html as well as in the United Nations Law Collection on Hein Online for the years 1968-2008. It includes a general review of the Organization’s legal activities.United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL). Their Yearbook is issued in two volumes: •Volume 1: summary records of the Commission's meetings for a session •Volume 2: special reports and other documents issued during a session The publication delay is about 2 to 3 years.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions Yearbook . 1949. General Assembly Resolutions 11
. Draft Code of Crimes Against the Peace and Security of Mankind. draft articles on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses) are regularly published in the Yearbook. [Location: SL1: KZ 1287 . New York: United Nations.A54 U54a] The UNCITRAL Yearbook contains reports of the Commission on its annual sessions and various reports/working papers on specific topics. One section gives the current status of conventions drafted by the Commission.un. [Location: SL2: K 3943 .N.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions.Yearbook of the International Law Commission. New York: United Nations. [Location: SL1: KZ 4949 .U55 Y43] The International Law Commission's work is of key importance to developing areas of international law.org/uncitral/en/publications/yearbook.org/ilc/publications/yearbooks/yearbooks.gwu. New York: United Nations. and a bibliography of relevant publications issued during a particular year.g. Reports on draft international agreements (e. International Law Commission.
•1st session (1946)•PDF format
<UN Official Documents System (ODS) website at: http://documents.un.N. Mimeographed version A General Assembly resolution is first issued individually as a mimeographed document and contains a U. To obtain a resolution at this stage: Online:
<U.org/ •1st session. Resolutions are numbered sequentially each session. Documents website at http://www.
. document symbol (e. the Economic and Social Council and the Trusteeship Council •Before the official record version is available.un. 1946•Final official record version of all resolutions and decisions adopted by the General Assembly.
B. individual resolutions and decision compilations from 1993 can be found at the UN Documentation website listed above.N. A/RES/48/320). Publication
1. the General Assembly began numbering its resolutions in the format A/RES/31/1.g.A. the Security Council. The Law Library does not subscribe to U. Numbering
Beginning in 1975. mimeographed documents. the General Assembly numbered its resolutions in the pattern A/RES/2904 (XXVII): 2904=specific resolution number (with numbers continuing incrementally from session to session instead of starting over each year) (XXVII)=the session number in which the resolution was passed.N. with its 31st annual session. A=General Assembly RES=resolution 31=31st session 1=first resolution of that session Prior to 1975.
. although voting records are also itemized in the Index to Proceedings of the General Assembly as well as being available on UNBISnet at: http://unbisnet. at the UN Meetings Coverage & Press Releases website at: http://www. Checking indexes or tables of contents will easily solve any difficulties raised by this unique arrangement. The GAOR supplements do not provide voting record information. One can locate the full text of UN press releases from 1995. This is usually the practice in both the U. committee.gwu. Compilations of General Assembly Resolutions Once General Assembly resolutions appear in published compilations.'s own compilations as well as commercial publications.un. the specific number of the supplement containing resolutions may vary. then by number.un. ILM (1962-) •WESTLAW: ILM (1980-)
2. which are binding on member states.N. •Hein Online: Law Journal Library http://www.org/en/unpress/.org/. the texts are arranged first by the originating U.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions •LEXIS: INTLAW. The press release version remains the easiest to use for such information.
•General Assembly Official Records (GAOR) Supplements: The official compilation of General Assembly resolutions appears as the last numbered supplement (usually in 2 volumes) which is issued yearly at the end of a session. Since the total number of GAOR Supplements varies from year to year.<International Legal Materials (journal published by the American Society of International Law (ASIL)) •Selected General Assembly resolutions •General Assembly resolutions less likely to be published in ILM than Security Council Resolutions.N.
which are filed at the beginning of each body's documentation and are clearly marked on the microfiche headers as containing resolutions. Security Council. [Location: SL1: KZ 5006.Print: (47th session. Dept. [Location: LL1: Microfiche.N. microfiche headers prominently display the designation A/RES and "resolutions. They are noted as such on the guide cards.N.. New York: United Nations. this microfiche collection of UN Official Records also includes documents issued by the various U.] United Nations Documents and Publications: Law Library Collection (1982-). [Location: LL1: Microfiche. the U. A particularly useful feature of the set is the inclusion of resolution texts. Special Session." They are filed near the beginning of the GAOR microfiche set. system.2 .
. Trusteeship Council). microfiche collection. of Public Information.. United Nations Official Records. Human Rights bodies as well as other organizations within the U. as well as documents from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) are reproduced. following UN Treaty Series microfiche].N. The official records of the major bodies (Economic and Social Council.U54] Resolutions and Decisions Adopted by the General Assembly during its . 1946-1981. An understanding of the structure of the official records and familiarity with U. such as the International Court of Justice. New York: United Nations.N. [Location: SL1: KZ 5006. the International Seabed Authority and the International Criminal Court. 1992-): Resolutions and Decisions Adopted by the General Assembly. For individual resolutions. following UN Official Records 19461981 microfiche] Starting with the 37th Session (1982). General Assembly.2 .N. document symbols is necessary in order to locate documents within this set.U545] Microform (1946-): [Note: GAOR supplements are easy to locate in the U.
Print: Location: SL1: KZ 5006. This set covers the period 1946-1986. document. although for citation purposes other information is also needed. This is a selective. Thus.N. Entries include vote counts for each resolution and citations to the appropriate document symbol when resolutions reference a particular U. are preserved. the set may suffice even when citation to official sources is required.N.K49 1997
VII. document symbols.U53 Key resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly.2 . Unlike the current practice of the General Assembly. Series I . the Security Council does not renumber its resolutions with each new year. New York : Cambridge University Press. Security Council Resolutions
A. unofficial compilation of 419 of the most important General Assembly resolutions arranged in broad subject categories. 1973-1988 . when official compilations are published. resolutions appear in the S/INF/ series. Print: Reference KZ 5006.<Unofficial Retrospective Compilations
Locating General Assembly resolution texts and voting information is greatly simplified by the following publications: United Nations Resolutions. Thus. 1946-1996. 1997.2 . While this is an unofficial commercial reproduction. Original pagination and text layout.
. a Security Council Resolution number “Security Council Resolution 795" does identify a unique resolution. along with all U. Later. these volumes contain direct reproductions of the official version as they appear in the General Assembly Official Records (GAOR) Supplements described above.Resolutions Adopted by the General Assembly. Numbering
Security Council resolutions are numbered in the format S/RES/795. Dobbs Ferry: Oceana.
" [Note: International Legal Materials includes a higher percentage of Security Council Resolutions than General Assembly Resolutions because of their binding force on member states.g. Mimeographed version A Security Council resolution is first issued as a paper mimeographed document under its U. mimeographed documents.Publication .] 2. General Assembly Resolutions . The Library does not subscribe to U.5 .un. officially entitled Resolutions and Decisions of the Security Council = Résolutions et décisions du Conseil de sécurité (UN document symbol is S/INF/27): “INF”=“information”.Mimeographed Version. Publication
1.B. New York: United Nations.un. designating the document as an official version 27=year of Security Council Session (number used and actual year of session may differ slightly (e.I655] Online (1946-): UN Documents: http://www. [Location: SL2: JZ 5030. To obtain a resolution in mimeograph format: •Use the same steps and sources described in this guide under "VI.N.org/
. Official compilations Security Council resolutions are eventually compiled and published in the Security Council Official Records (SCOR). SCOR for 27th year appears in S/INF/28) A useful checklist (with includes the proper S/INF/ number in many cases) and subject index to older Security Council resolutions is: Index to Resolutions of the Security Council 1946-1996. 1992.N.org/documents/ UN Official Documents System (ODS): http://documents.. document symbol.
sources is required. [Location: LL1: Microfiche. United Nations Official Records. [Location: LL1: Microfiche. The official records of the major bodies. numbering is preserved.U55
. Since the original page numbers. Résolutions et Décisions du Conseil de Sécurité. 3.Microform (1946-): [Note: The official compilation of UN security resolutions is found in the U. these reproductions may suffice even when a citation to the official U. Print: SL1: KZ 5036 . filed under its U. Unofficial Retrospective Compilations Resolutions and Decisions of the Security Council. following UN Treaty Series microfiche]. The task of locating the texts of Security Council resolutions and voting records is greatly simplified by this set. The microfiche headers contain the designation S/RES/ followed by the resolution numbers covered. including the Security Council are reproduced. and all U. S/INF/49 (49 refers to the 49th Year of the Security Council). The official annual compilation of resolutions is found in the collection. text layout. following UN Official Records 1946-1981 microfiche] This microfiche collection of UN Official Records includes documents issued by the UN Security Council. Dobbs Ferry: Oceana.N. 1946-1981. 1982-). microfiche collection]: United Nations Documents and Publications: Law Library Collection (37th session.N.g. Although slow to be published.N. 1988 . the volumes contain reproductions of the official Resolutions and Decisions of the Security Council volumes in the S/INF/ series of the Security Council Official Records (SCOR).N. Document symbol (e.
shtml Print: Yearbook of the United Nations.un.F3 1945]
. Volume 15. 2001. Dept.R47 2001
III. Security Council Resolutions are arranged by subject. Print: SL1: JZ 5006. ed. New York: United Nations. United States Department of State. Karel L.Wellens. with introductory notes.org/ Official sources for the original text and interpretive information about the Charter are: Documents of the United Nations Conference on International Organization.5 .A21945 .org/en/documents/charter/index. [Location: SL2: JZ 4947 . pages 335-354. [Location: SL1: KZ 4991 . 1945. of Public Information.U55 1945 v. this compilation is not a direct reproduction of the official version issued by the Security Council and does not contain all of the information usually necessary for proper citation. 1947.15] Facsimile of the Charter of the United Nations. 1945-1955.7 . Online: United Nations’ website: http://www.” The Yearbook of the United Nations is also available online at: http://unyearbook.un. United Nations Charter
The text of the Charter of the United Nations is available in numerous document compilations. [Location: SL1: KZ 4988. is not an official record.. New York: United Nations Information Organizations. but even the Yearbook. New York: Kluwer Law International. Resolutions and Statements of the United Nations Security Council (1946-2000): a Thematic Guide. and Interim Arrangements. Unlike the Djonovich set described above. while “based on official sources.U55] Note: The Yearbook and other sources will provide accurate texts. A chronological list by resolution number appears as an annex. Statute of the International Court of Justice.. in Five Languages.
Bardo. This site provides the texts of selected multilateral treaties deposited with the Secretary-General that have not yet been published in the UNTS. The United Nations Charter as the Constitution of the International Community. 2012. Treaty Texts
Texts of Recently Deposited Multilateral Treaties:
http://treaties. Bruno. 3rd ed.
X.U55 1945] This 15 volume set compiles over 5. The Charter of the United Nations: A Commentary.ed. San Francisco. the UNTS is of limited use for locating recently concluded treaties.G66 1969] Simma.un.F37 2009] Goodrich. charter are: Fassbender. Evard Hambro and Anne Patricia Simmons.. Documents of the Founding Conference of the United Nations
Documents of the United Nations Conference on International Organizations. New York: United Nations Information Organizations. Charter of the United Nations. Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.C48 2012 v.
Because of delays in publication. 1969. [Location: SL1: KZ4991 . 3rd rev.N. Clicking on "Subject. the Library’s online catalog.Numerous treatises and journal articles have been published which discuss the U. New York: Oxford University Press. 1945.N. Use JACOB.aspx?path=DB/titles/page1_en. Leland. Two noteworthy secondary sources discussing the U. United Nations Treaty Information
A. The texts of the draft and final versions of the United Nations Charter and the Statute of the International Court of Justice are reprinted in the set. Charter. [Location: SL1: KZ 4991 .1-2]
IX.org/Pages/DB. New York: Columbia University Press.5 . [Location: SL1: KZ 4991 . 1945. [Location: SL1: KZ 4988." then typing "United Nations Charter" will produce a list of titles. 2009. Leiden . ed.000 documents of the founding conference and includes a separate index volume. to locate books in the Library discussing the U. Commentary and Documents.
1946.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions Microform: Available on microfilm as part of the League of Nations Documents and Publications. London: Harrison and Sons.org/Pages/LONOnline.. Online: U. This is the official set for texts of multilateral and bilateral agreements on a worldwide basis for the years 1946 forward.un. Print: SL1: KZ170.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions Print: SL1: KZ 172 . Citations to the set follow standard legal citation format to volume and page (e. 1919-1946 microfilm set [Location: LL1: Microfilm 120].org/ Hein Online: United Nations Law Collection http://www.aspx Hein Online: United Nations Law Collection http://www.. "Cumulated Index" volumes are part of the set. there was no international organization publishing a comparable set.law. This is a collection of treaties and subsequent treaty actions registered with and published by the Secretariat of the League of Nations pursuant to Article 18 of its Covenant and it covers the period 1920-1944. Before 1920.un.law. The predecessor of the UNTS is the League of Nations Treaty Series (LNTS). 801Microform: LL1: Microfiche: volumes 1-890 League of Nations Treaty Series (LNTS). Ltd.gwu.United Nations Treaty Series (UNTS).T74 Online: U. 1920-1945. 679 UNTS 378). Texts are provided in multiple languages. The publication delays for the index are 10 years or more.g.T74: volumes 1-400.
.N.N. Each index volume covers 50 volumes of the set (earlier volumes cover 100 volumes).. Treaty Collection (1920-1944): http://treaties. but these are not truly cumulative.gwu. New York: United Nations. Treaty Collection: http://treaties.5 .
Christian L. extensions and terminations to a treaty is also included. Print: Reserve and Ready Reference: KZ 118 .Y.B. Detailed information about date of entry into force.W55 1998 Bowman. Print: Ready Reference: KZ 118 . Hein. and ratifications is also given. D. understandings. Nijhoff Publishers. and parties is also provided.J. modifications. Coverage is 1648-1995. Multilateral Treaty Calendar = Repertoire des Traites Multilateraux.N. Boston: M. London: Butterworths. signatories. Buffalo.. Use the latest cumulative supplement to find new agreements and to update information on earlier agreements listed in the main volume. Citations are provided to the UNTS set. Multilateral treaties are listed chronologically and citations are provided to treaty texts in official and unofficial sources. Information about dates.org/Pages/ParticipationStatus. 21
. Print: SL1: KZ 120 . status.
United Nations Cumulative Treaty Index. if available. and Harris. 1999. Annual. This index is useful for locating earlier multilateral treaties. so knowing an approximate date may provide access when other approaches fail.M85 Wiktor.P35 Print: Latest edition on Ready Reference: KZ 171 .J. This is an indispensable index for locating multilateral treaties (two or more parties) deposited with the U. Indexes to UN Treaties
Status of Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary General. Updates published by the University of Nottingham Treaty Centre. signatories.. 1984. Treaty Section office in New York City at 212-963-2523 or send email to treaty@un. This book is an excellent source for locating multilateral treaties around the world. S. Otherwise.un. and declarations are reprinted. Citations are given to official and unofficial treaty sources. 1968. 1648-1995. Status as at 31 December. Texts of the treaties are never reproduced.gwu.N. N. : W. Information regarding amendments. but is often inadequate.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions One unofficial commercially published source of treaties for the years 1648 to1919 is Consolidated Treaty Series. Treaties are listed chronologically..B68 1984 & Suppl. Subject and keyword access is provided.aspx Updated daily. Coverage is 1856-1983. Multilateral Treaties: Index and Current Status.. New York: United Nations. references are to other U. M. documents that contain the text... 1998.law. but the texts of reservations. One can further update the information in this source by telephoning the U.org Online: http://treaties.N. Hein Online: United Nations Law Collection http://www.
N. The Court has both advisory and contentious jurisdiction. Print: SL1: KZ 214 . for the period 1920 to 1946 the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ). do not include coverage of ICJ materials. The ICJ's first case was submitted in 1947. with English and French on facing pages. by country. All material is bilingual. was the predecessor court to the ICJ. Charter) In addition.This 15 volume set indexes agreements published in the United Nations Treaty Series beginning with the first volume in 1946 to approximately 1991. Print: SL1: KZ 171 . et Ordonnances. which may at any time be so authorized by the General Assembly. and written statements. advisory opinions. is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. document symbols.. advisory opinions. orders.N.N." (Art. The ICJ has its own publications program separate from the U. "other organs of the United Nations and specialized agencies. Charter the "General Assembly or the Security Council may request the International Court of Justice to give an advisory opinion on any legal question. chronologically. Prior to that time. oral pleadings. Sources of ICJ Documents: Reports of Judgments. and its judgments. ICJ publications are identified by their own unique sales numbers and do not use U. This is the official set of the Court's judgments. Treaties are indexed numerically.org/ The ICJ web site contains information on the establishment and history of the Court. U. sometimes popularly known as the World Court. Avis Consultatifs. these documents first appear as paperbound slip opinions. 96(1). International Court of Justice (ICJ)
The International Court of Justice (ICJ)." (Art. its rules of procedure.U56 1999
XI..N. under the sponsorship of the League of Nations. Under Article 96 of the U. Issued within a few months of a decision. The Hague: International Court of Justice. Advisory Opinions and Orders/Recueil des Arrets.U55].icj-cij. This index is updated by the Current United Nations Treaty Index [Location: Ready Reference: KZ 171 . 96(2). These paperbound versions contain the permanent pagination found in the bound volumes for each year. UN Charter). ILM WESTLAW: INT-ICJ database (1947-) 22
. may also request advisory opinions of the Court on legal questions arising within the scope of their activities. LEXIS: INTLAW. and by subject.U55] or the United Nations Master Treaty Index on CD-ROM [Location: Reserve: KZ 171 . Indexes are published after a three or four year delay. 1947.N.I58 Online: ICJ web site: http://www. and orders. which means that many of the indexes and finding tools that focus on the U.
As of this writing. Print: SL1: KZ 6277 .com) http://www. Because of the length and number of documents relating to a case.org/ (See the individual case on the ICJ website for links to documents.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions Pleadings..gwu. various versions of the Rules of Court. Boston: Nijhoff. Documents/Memoires. the set is not available in electronic format.I68 Online: Hein Online: United Nations Law Collection (1946-2005) http://www.Hein Online: United Nations Law Collection (1947-2003) http://www..edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions Rosenne. 1991.law. descriptions of cases before the Court and a list of the major publications of the Court. The Charter of the U. oral arguments. including written pleadings.. depending on the original language. correspondence.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions Oxford Reports on International Law: International Courts of General Jurisdiction (selected decisions) http://www. Plaidoiries et Documents. The publication delay of about 2 to 3 years detracts some from this otherwise highly useful reference source. record of oral proceedings. Documents are either in English or French. The Yearbook contains biographies of judges.icj-cij.gwu. The Pleadings contains the documentation relating to cases decided by the ICJ. resolutions.law.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions International Law Reports (Justis. and other materials.law. 3rd ed. the Statute of the Court. This is an unofficial but handy compilation of key documents relating to the ICJ. Oral Arguments. The publication of the Pleadings volumes is slow and irregular. Shabtai. 1946/47. relevant U. The Hague: International Court of Justice.P54 Online: ICJ web site: http://www.D63 1991
.N. and declarations accepting the compulsory jurisdiction of the Court are reprinted in this work. 1947. there may be several volumes of Pleadings for one case.) Yearbook. etc. Documents on the International Court of Justice. Print: SL1: KZ 6273 .gwu. Print: SL1: KZ 218 . The Hague: International Court of Justice.N.gwu.law.
Both services provide the full text of International Legal Materials (ILM) (WESTLAW: ILM database 24
. International Arbitration Awards
International arbitration involves the resolution of disputes between states by means of a tribunal appointed by the parties. as published in International Legal Materials (ILM) and the International Economic Law Documents database IEL.Rosenne.R67 2006 vols.N. The U. Commission on International Trade law and the text of the arbitration and conciliation rules adopted by the U. The preface of volume I notes other sources for earlier international arbitral awards. Print: SL1: KZ 203 . and a bibliography. 1920-2005.
XII.law.S83 2006] Excellent one volume article-by-article analysis of the statute of the International Court of Justice. 1948.N. and it includes retrospective coverage back to 1920. neither service provides comprehensive electronic access to U. Boston : Nijhoff. Chronicle is also available in Westlaw in the UNCHRONCL database for the years 1977present. materials. 1-4 (Earlier edition on SL1) The Statute of the International Court of Justice : a Commentary. Shabtai. This set compiles the texts of international arbitral awards. cases. Individual tribunals vary greatly in origin and structure. New York: United Nations. Texts are in either English or French. United Nations Information on LEXIS and WESTLAW
The newspaper and journal databases on LEXIS and WESTLAW provide the full text of articles discussing and analyzing U. Most volumes have an index. 2006. but the headnotes appear in both languages.N. activities. [Location: Reserve: KZ6277 . New York : Oxford University Press.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions
XIII. The third edition of this excellent source dealing with the organizational and procedural issues of the Court contains primary materials.N.R47 Online: Hein Online: United Nations Law Collection (1948-2007) http://www. Reports of International Arbitral Awards. 2005. has attempted to fill the gap by publishing the set described below. The Law and Practice of the International Court. 4th ed.. Because there has been no systematic collection of decisions made by the various arbitral tribunals. Print: Reserve: KZ 6275 .N. but there is no cumulative index.N.gwu. Westlaw also has the UNCITRAL-ALL database that provides model laws from the U. Commission on International Trade Law. but as of this writing.
The following is a selective list of UN websites: http://www.unctad. items.org/ http://www.org/ http://www.org
In addition.wipo.org/ serves as the starting point for many areas of UN research.un.oosa. In addition.org/
http://www. there are also unofficial sites which contain useful information about the UN:
XIV. and such documents frequently include selected U.org
http://www.(Coverage is 1980 to date)) (LEXIS: INTLAW.ilo. The Official Web Site Locator for the UN System of Organizations (http://www.uncitral.org/Depts/dhl/ http://www.org/EN/
http://www. many specialized agencies of the UN such as the FAO and the WHO maintain their own websites.org/sg/ http://www. a link is provided.org http://www.int/ http://www.un. particularly Security Council resolutions. United Nations Information on the Web
The UN website http://www.un. ILM selectively republishes documents of importance to international law.org/) provides a listing in alphabetical order of all United Nations Organizations (UNOs). If a particular organization maintains a website.unvienna.unhcr. ILM (Coverage is 1962 to date)).N.unesco.unsystem. their acronyms and the location of their headquarters.org http://www.un.ohchr.org/Depts/los/ The Secretary-General’s Official Site Dag Hammarskjhold Library Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea Office for Outer Space Affairs Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights UN High Commissioner for Refugees International Labour Organization (ILO) World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) UN Education.unep. Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) UN Environment Programme (UNEP) UN Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
" !Given the large number of possible author and subject entries. Author or Subject Search:
!Search "United Nations" as an author or subject." "United Nations Human Rights Committee. United Nations Association of the United States of America (UNA-USA) http://www. teachers. Charter and Treaty-based human rights organizations as well as links to other sources of human rights documentation. "United Nations General Assembly. Their website offers access to their newsletter and publications.int/ausa/ The U.org/ The ACUNS is an international association of scholars. institutions that are sufficiently independent can be searched under their own name.unausa. Many materials from and about the United Nations or its various sub-bodies can be identified by using JACOB at: http://jacob. Their site includes many links to policy documents and updates on U. participation in the United Nations.S. The Law Library's Catalog
JACOB provides information about materials found in the Law Library's collection. Mission’s site provides access to speeches and policy documents concerning U. Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS) http://www.N.un.N. participation in the United Nations. such as author.N. !Search under the specific name of the U.S. publisher. click on “author” and type "International Court of Justice.acuns. latest issue of a journal or supplement received.edu/ A. e. Locating UN Materials Using JACOB.umn.gwu. sub-body. and its location.. date of publication." "United Nations General Assembly Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
XV.law. and practitioners who are active in the work and study of international organizations.University of Minnesota. !Selected independent U.org/ The United Nations Association of the United States of America (UNA-USA) is a nonprofit. United States Mission to the United Nations (United States Representative to the United Nations) http://www. whether the material is on the shelf or checked out."
. hierarchy.edu/humanrts/ The Human Rights Library web site contains a substantive body of international human rights research material for the U. nonpartisan national organization. Human Rights Library http://www1.N. title. one reasonable approach is to begin by using the general author or subject entry "United Nations" and then scroll through the lists of more specific entries.S.g. For example: to locate materials by the ICJ. and the intricacies of the U.
edu/Burns/alllaw/cilp/webcilp.law. Keyword Search:
!Keyword searching provides great flexibility in searching when trying to locate a document and only a few words of a title are known. this publication indexes articles under broad topics (“International Law. titles whose brief form appears in a language other than English may in fact have an English language title included.N.htm WESTLAW: CILP (most recent 8 weeks) LegalTrac (1980-) http://www.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions LEXIS: LAWREV. journals. publications.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions Hein Online (Volume 1 to date for many journals) 27
. yearbooks and government publications.)
XVI.gwu. (Treat* will retrieve treaty or treaties) !Example: united nations and treat* will retrieve books. http://docs.gwu. The index is published weekly. and its various institutions and activities can be found through the following databases: Current Index to Legal Periodicals (CILP) Published by the Marian Gould Gallagher Law Library. !Due to the multilingual nature of U.” “Administrative Law.N.” “Constitutional Law. author. ILP (1978-) WESTLAW: ILP (August 1981-) Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals (1985-) http://www. University of Washington Law School. (Example: Recueil des Arrets/Reports of Judgments: A keyword search in JACOB using words in either language would retrieve the title. subject and note fields of a bibliographic record. Legal and Non-Legal Periodical Indexes and Full Text Databases
Citations to and/or full text articles discussing the U. reports and other documents that contain these words in the title. "or" or “and not” ) can be used to combine words. http://www. LGLIND WESTLAW: LRI Index to Legal Periodicals & Books (ILP) ( 1981-) & Index to Legal Periodicals Retrospective (1918-1981) ILP provides indexing to articles appearing in over 500 law reviews.law.law.gwu.law.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions LEXIS: LAWREV.) from over 300 legal publications. !Words separated by a space are searched as a phrase (united nations) !"*" symbol is used at the end of a word to retrieve variable endings.” etc.B. !Connectors ("and".gwu.
Or. [SL2: JZ4984.5 . Sven. The United Nations Charter as the Constitution of the International Community. 2009. UN Ideas that Changed the World. Linda M.edu/ Provides access to bibliographic and full text databases on a variety of topics. [Location: SL1: KZ4986 .B. Bardo. An Insider's Guide to the UN.gwu. Robert.. organizations and issues:
A. Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.W.B65 2009] Chesterman. : Hart Pub. 2009. 2nd. 2008 [Location: SL1: KZ4986 .G3713 2012] Hannay.H36 2008] Jolly. [Location: SL2: JZ4984. 2012. An Introduction to the Law of the United Nations. 2009. London .F37 2009] Gareis.
XVII. it provides access to the full run of the American Journal of International Law and International Legal Materials.Provides access to over 200 full text law reviews and journals. Portland. International Organizations and the United Nations Generally:
Bowett. The United Nations. Sir.edu/Library/Research > Database Subscriptions. Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. ed. New York : Palgrave Macmillan. Leiden.J66 2009] Kolb.5 . New York : I.N. Bloomington : Indiana University Press. Law and Practice of the United Nations : Documents and Commentary. 6th ed. Most notably. Recommended Reading
Listed below is a selection of books recommended as starting points for understanding U.. 4th rev.F37 2009] Fasulo. 2010. [Location: Reserve: KZ 1273 . Richard. David. 2010. London: Sweet & Maxwell. To access international databases from Gelman Library’s homepage: !Select “Articles & Databases” > Select “International Relations” under the “International Affairs” heading on the “Browse Databases by Subject” page. [Location: SL1: KZ4986 . [Location: SL2: JZ4995 . Tauris & Co Ltd. New Haven : Yale University Press. http://www. Simon. ed. D.6 .law. [Location: SL2: JZ4984.K6513 2010]
. New York : Oxford University Press. New World Disorder : the UN after the Cold War : an Insider's View.gelman. 2008.. Benedetto.C6613 2010] Fassbender. [Location: SL1: KZ4991 .C44 2008] Conforti. 2009. The Law and Practice of the United Nations.. Netherlands . Bowett’s Law of International Institutions. ALADIN Research Portal: http://www.gwu.
Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Finn. Common Law of International Organizations. : Westview Press. Karen A. 2011.S39 2008 ] Spijkers.C..5 . . Huntingdon. Present.A566 2000] Emmerij. Manchester. : Juris Pub.Y. Cambridge. [Location: SL2: JZ4984. The United Nations : the Evolution of Global Values and International Law. Edward.5 . [Location: SL3: KZ 4986 . [Location: SL2: JZ5005 . 2008. Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.K46 2006] McWhinney. The Hague .M389 2000] Mingst. 2001.. 2000. Otto.Mingst.M87 2005] Reforming the United Nations : the Challenge of Working Together. Paul M. : Brookings Institution Press. 2000. Reform and the Future of the United Nations:
Annan. D.. 2nd ed.. Boulder. [Location: SL2: JZ 4986 . 2007. Washington. and Humanitarian Intervention. Reforming the United Nations : the Quiet Revolution. The Hague : Boston : Kluwer Law International. Bloomington : Indiana University Press. N. The Law of International Organisations. Portland. New York : Random House. [Location: SL1: KZ4852 . : Intersentia. Boulder. D.M56 2007] Ripinsky.R435 2010]
.. : AEI Press. [Location: SL2: JZ 4984. [Location: SL2: JZ1318 . Louis. The Parliament of Man : the Past.G557 2007] Kennedy.R57 2007] Seyersted. Ahead of the Curve? : UN Ideas and Global Challenges. Washington. [SL1: KZ4986 . Joshua.R44 v.K. Department of Public Information.C. Joachim. and Future of the United Nations. The United Nations in the post-Cold War Era. We the Peoples : the Role of the United Nations in the 21st Century. [Location: SL2: JZ 1242 . The Future of the United Nations : Understanding the past to Chart a Way Forward. CO: Westview Press. State Succession.. The United Nations and a New World Order for a New Millennium: Self-determination. 2006. U. 2010. Karen A. ed. Sergey. Colo. NGO Involvement in International Organizations : a Legal Analysis.S66 2011] White. 2005.E47 2001] Global Governance Reform : Breaking the Stalemate. Leiden . 2007. London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law.5 . 2007.5 . [Location: SL2: JZ 5005 . 2001. [Location: SL1: KZ4850 . [Location: SL2: JZ4984. D. UK : Manchester University Press.M56 2000] Müller. Kofi A. Boston: Kluwer Law International. New York : United Nations. N.W45 2005]
B. [Location: SL1: KZ4850 .4] Muravchik. The United Nations in the 21st Century. 2005 [Location: SL2: JZ4984. Leiden . Or. 2000. .
OR : Intersentia. Boston : Kluwer Law International. Nijhoff Publishers. Anne F.O93 2007] Weiss.5 . Antwerpen : Intersentia. James. Anne F. [Location: SL1: KZ4986 . New York : Oxford University Press. Lena J. Leiden . [Location: SL2: K3240 . Thematic Procedures of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights and International Law : in Search of a Sense of Community. The Hague . [Locations: SL2: JZ 4984.B39 2001] Fifty Years after the Declaration : the United Nations' Record on Human Rights.U55 2000] Bayefsky. 2010.4 . Ardsley. 2007. 2006. Bloomington : Indiana University Press. [Location: SL2: JZ4974 . Phillip and Crawford. [Location: SL2: K 3240 . [Location: SL2: JZ 4984. 2000. The Evolution of the United Nations System. NY : Transnational Publishers. 1997.F88 2000] Bayefsky.G88 2006] Kruckenberg. [Location: SL2: K3241 .Y6 1997]
C.. 3rd ed. [Location: SL1: KZ4986 . Jeroen. CO. 2006. DC: Taylor & Francis. Human Rights at the UN : the Political History of Universal Justice. Thomas George. [Location: SL2: JZ4970 .N67 2008]
. The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations. 2000. Baden-Baden : Nomos. Roger. Oxford .. [Location: SL2: K 3240. Thomas G. 2001. Washington. ed. Portland. [Location: SL2: K 3240 . Boulder. UK . : University Press of America .U5526 2010] Weiss.Reforming the United Nations : the Struggle for Legitimacy and Effectiveness. Cambridge . Boston : M. New York : Cambridge University Press. 2001. : Westview Press. Amos. 2012.K78 2012] New Challenges for the UN Human Rights Machinery : What Future for the UN Treaty Body System and the Human Rights Council Procedures? Cambridge. The United Nations and Changing World Politics.N489 2011] Normand.F54 2001] Gutter. [Location: SL2: K3242 . The UN Human Rights Treaty System in the 21st Century. The UN Human Rights Treaty System : Universality at the Crossroads. Md. Washington.W45 2001] Yoder. The Future of UN Human Rights Treaty Monitoring. [Location: SL2: K 3240 . eds.R44 v. ed. 2001. 2011. Lanham. 2008. New York : Cambridge University Press. The UNreal World of Human Rights : an Ethnography of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.5 . DC : Family Research Council.5] United Nations Reform and the New Collective Security. United Nations and Human Rights:
[SL1: KJE937 . Albany : State University of New York Press. The United Nations Security Council in the 1990s : Resurgence and Renewal. The Protection Roles of UN Human Rights Special Procedures. [Location: SL2: JZ 6374 . Peacekeeping and Collective Security:
Dedring. New York : Routledge.R365 2011] Securing Human Rights : Achievements and Challenges of the UN Security Council. [Location: SL2: JZ 6374 .5. Martin's Press. New York : Cambridge University Press. Michael.H.A85 2001] Howard.J48 2000] Matheson..C65 v. Cambridge . 2008. 2012. [Location: SL1: KZ 6376 . Lise Morjé. Human Rights and the UN: Practice before the Treaty Bodies. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. New York : St. New York : Oxford University Press. Milton Park.S.F56 2002] Gordon. 2012. D. 2000.. 2001. B. Solna. 2012.U5 2012] The UN Human Rights Committee : Practice and Procedure. Abingdon.H69 2008] Jett. New York : M. Milton Park. 2002. [Location: SL2: JZ6374 . [Location: SL2: JZ5006. [Location: SL2: K3240 .20 bk. Michael John. The Hague . [SL2: K1322 . Oxon . Aspects of Peacekeeping. Oxon. [SL2: K3240 . D. [Location: SL2: K 3241 . Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Washington. G.T93 2010] UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies : Law and Legitimacy. New York : Cambridge University Press. [SL2: JZ4974 . Trevor. eds. 2010.O’Flaherty.D43 2008] Democratic Accountability and Use of Force in International Law. Abingdon. 2011. Nijhoff Publishers.. Juergen. the UN and Collective Security : Making Multilateralism Effective. Dennis C. 20 bk.1 v. F.O34 2002] Ramcharan. Leiden . [England] . 2006.D46 2003] The EU. and Toase. G. Leiden . [SL2: JZ4997. UN Peacekeeping in Civil Wars. Portland. Oxford . [Location: SL2: K3241 . 2008. The UN Human Rights Council.E87 E85 2012] Findlay. [Location: SL1: KZ5036 . : United States Institute of Peace Press. New York : Oxford University Press. 2003. The Use of Force in UN Peace Operations. B. OR : Frank Cass. Boston : Martinus Nijhoff. 2011. London . New York : Routledge. New York : Cambridge University Press.. Council Unbound : the Growth of UN Decision Making on Conflict and Postconflict Issues after the Cold War. Sweden : SIPRI . 1] The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights : Foundations and Implementation. [Location: SL2: JZ 6374 .R36 2009] Ramcharan.M38 2006] 31
. Why Peacekeeping Fails. Cambridge . 2002.C.U5 2012]
D. 2009.7 .
NY : Transnational Publishers. UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon. Mohamed Awad.[Location: SL1: KKZ2460 . Strengthening the United Nations and Enhancing War Prevention. 2002.Moore. 2000. Burlington. [Location: SL2: JZ6374 . Somalia and Kosovo : Operational and Legal Issues in Practice.R36 20110] The Reform Process of United Nations Peace Operations : Debriefing and Lessons : Report of the 2001 Singapore Conference. [Location: SL1: KZ 6376 . Permanent Engagement. : Carolina Academic Press. Terrorism and Democracy. Alex. Aldershot.O85 2002] Practice and Policies of Modern Peace Support Operations under International Law. Human Rights and UN peace Operations : Yugoslavia. New York : United Nations University Press. Ray. Ardsley. B.R438 2001] United Nations Peacekeeping Operations : Ad Hoc Missions. Durham. eds. N.M87 2007] Osman. Nijhoff Publishers.A76 2006] Ramcharan.. Leiden . Tokyo . 2001. Boston : M. 2006. Foreign/International Law Librarian June 2012
.. 2001. G. The Hague . 2011. [Location: SL1: KZ 6376 . England . The United Nations and Peace Enforcement : Wars. The George Washington University Prepared by Herb Somers.C.U55 2001]
Jacob Burns Law Library. 2007. Boston : Kluwer Law International. [Location: SL1: KZ6374 . Cambridge . [Location: SL2: JZ 6374 . VT : Ashgate. [Location: SL2: JZ 6377. New York : Cambridge University Press.U6 S774 2000] Murphy. John Norton and Morrison .