Motihari (Hindi: मोतिहारी) is the headquarter of East Champaran (East Champaran) district in the Indian state of Bihar.


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1 Geography 2 Cultural heritage

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2.1 Tallest Buddha Stupa in the world 2.2 Mahatma Gandhi and Motihari

3 George Orwell 4 Azizul Haque and Fingerprint Science 5 Demographics 6 Heritage 7 See also 8 References

Motihari is located at 26.65°N 84.92°E . It has an average elevation of 62 metres (203 feet).

Cultural heritage
Tallest Buddha Stupa in the world
Motihari is reported to have the tallest and the largest Buddhist Stupa in the world, following its discovery in 1998 through excavation by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Rising to a height of 104 feet, and much reduced than its reported original height, it is still one foot taller than the famous Borobodur Stupa in Java. The Stupa is located near the town of Kasaria, 120 km from Patna, capital of Bihar. According to the National Informatics Centre of East Champaran (Motihari) publication, the Kesaria Stupa was 123 feet tall before the 1934 earthquake in Bihar. Originally the Kesaria Stupa was reported to have been 150 feet tall, 12 feet taller than the Borobodur stupa, which is 138 feet, according to the A.S.I. report. At present Kesaria Stupa is 104 feet and Borobodur Stupa is 103 feet. The height of ‘Sanchi Stupa ‘ a world heritage site is only 77.50 feet. Legend states that Buddha, on his last Journey, is reported to have spent a memorable night at Kesaria.

Mahatma Gandhi and Motihari
Motihari was the place where Mahatma Gandhi started his 'Satyagrah' (Quest/Search for Truth). According to the All India Congress Committee

, the farmers of Champaran were forced to sow an

His refusal to do the same. For this. "It is worth mentioning that the Satyagrah of Champaran was responsible for initiation in the service of the motherland of two volunteers Acharya Kripalani and Deshratna Dr. I feel that I could just now serve them by remaining in their midst. but thanks to the presence of Gandhiji and his constant movement in the district from place to place. The AICC report further states. The AICC report further states that that it was in Champaran that the theory and practice of Satyagrah came to be associated for the first time with the fight for freedom. On 10 April 1917. though limited to small district. which had among its teachers. as it was. Furthermore. Mahadeva Desai." This was the first such experiment on a large scale undertaken in India. the people were not only non-violent. Another school was opened by Gandhiji on the 20th of November in a village called Bhitiharwa.Opium and/or Indigo on a certain portion of their farm plots. Raj Kumar Shukla. a village at a distance of about 20 miles to the east of Motihari. While Bihar’s indebtedness to Mahatma Gandhi is irretrievable not only for having succored her million from the tentacles of white planters but also for having breathed into her soul the new message. Gandhi reportedly refused to leave the district or put up bail. All pressure was brought by giving agriculturists notices of forfeiture of lands. "Mahatmaji went about from village to village in Champaran preaching love and inspiring faith and confidence among the people. these crops would render the soil infertile further increasing the woes of the helpless farmers. This would cause losses and subsequent hardships to farmers." The British fearing unrest ordered him to leave the district. Here he felt that his efforts for the uplift of the masses could not have enduring results unless an urge was created within them. Thus. it was necessary to educate them. the AICC report states that "a large crowd of people of Champaran witnessed the greatest architect of Indian Freedom Struggle in Motihari. "As a law-abiding citizen my first instinct would be. He was offered bail on the condition that he would leave the district. I could not therefore voluntarily retire. sensing mass disapproval of his arrest he was released. Amidst this conflict of duty I could only throw the responsibility of removing me from on the administration". The Motihari refusal to obey the Magistrate’s order was a case of individual civil disobedience. The struggle went on for a few months. 1918 at Madhuban. a farmer in the region invited Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (who had only recently returned from South Africa) to come help them in their plight. to obey the order served upon me. Rajendra Prasad. But I could not do so without doing violence to my sense of duty to those for whom I came. A third school was opened on the 17th of January. They then had to sell the same at a fixed price to the English Traders/Planters. On the 13th of November. Mahatma Gandhi decided to come to Motihari. led to his arrest. but were also very firm and prepared for any amount of sacrifices for the common cause." [3] . Subsequently. In his statement to the Court Gandhi reportedly said. 1917 Mahatma Gandhi opened his first school at Barharwa Lakhansen.

Motihari discovered its role in Orwell's life when a number of journalists arrived in the city for Orwell's hundredth birthday.Shiv Nath singh was born in Madhubani. was born in Motihari in 1903. Baikuntha Nath temple: The Baikuntha Nath temple is a very important temple in the east Chmparan district located 25 Km north to the district headquarter. P.M. "The foundation stone of this Gandhi memorial pillar was laid on June 10. Until recently.A museum and a stone pillar has been laid down in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi's presence in Motihari. Narkatia. on 18 April 1978. 1972 by the then Governor.. may also be marked in the tourist map. It is located to 10 Km south to Areraj.When Gandhiji left for national movement he continued freedom movement in champaran.. it means Madhubani is situated in the center of Areraj and Kesariya. D. [6][7] The place .. author of books Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. when he was one year old. a grandson. The 48 fect long Chunar stone pillar stands exactly on the place where Mahatma Gandhi was produced before the court of the then S. the town of Motihari was largely unaware of its connection to Orwell. His father Richard Walmesley Blair was a deputy posted in the opium department in Bihar." Ramarshi Deo Trivedi "Rishi Ji" [19001976] from Mamarkha (8 km from Areraj) gets influenced by Gandhiji. he was famous for his social work. It also contains Gandhiji's courageous statement given before the Magistrate inscribed on a stone. Motihari. who was famous poet in india and social worker Late Er. and it was dedicated to the nation by Mr. National Informatics Center: East Champaran. 1917. George left for England with his mother and sister. Mr. Motihari. Local officials are making plans for the construction of a museum on Orwell's life. In 2003. According to Sri Chandra Bhusahan Pandey.Barooch.D. as far back as April 18. Gamharia Kala and Bahadurpur are famous villages near that temple. Madhubani is 10 km from areraj and also 10 km from kesariya .Madhubani is very famous bhumihar brahman village in East champaran. However. C. Motihari in violation of orders under section 144 Cr.K.Madhubani is also Famous for Late Jagdish Vikal. George Orwell George Orwell. Mahatma Gandhi first Satyagrah was experimented on this soil of Motihari in Champaran and so Champaran has been starting point of India’s independence movement launched by Gandhi ji.. Vidyakar Kavi. "How to Reach Areraj to Kesariya "Areraj to Kesariya via madhubani is very short cort route.

Bihar University one of the oldest degree college in champaran which was used as jail in the British rule. he thus contributed most materially to a discovery which is of worldwide importance and has brought a great credit to the police of India. There are also several colleges for higher learning such as Mahila College (college for females). Shantiniketan Jubilee School.506 with 54% males. C. In a recent development a Sugar . Motihari has a population of 101.S. Demographics As of 2001 India census [11] .V.D.J.R." Both Haque and Bose eventually received honorarium and recognition from the Government of India.T. There are several industries in Motihari sub-division. Gopal Sah Vidyalaya (1918). "It was Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq who evolved a mathematical formula to supplement Henry's idea of sorting slips in 1024 pigeon holes. All are affiliated to B. Rai Bahadur Hem Chandra Bose made further contribution to the fingerprint science by evolving an extended system of subclassificaiton. many private school affiliated with New Dehli CBSE like DPS Motihari.College near Singhiya gumti. a sugar mill. Modern Public School. College. College. Zila Government School is one of the best and oldest secondary high schools of Bihar and was established in 1911 by British government. At the time of final approval of the honorarium for Haque.A. which comprise of small-scale industries such as a paper plant factory. M. and he is buried there. higher than the Indian national average of 59. Motihari) is also there to provide medical education.N.Azizul Haque and Fingerprint Science Azizul Haque (Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq) was one of the two Indian police officers who worked with Edward Henry in the development of fingerprint classification. known as Henry Classification System. and some other small-scale industries." [9][10] [8] Upon retirement from the Police service in Bengal and Bihar. Other notable schools are Mangal Seminary (1927). based on fingerpint patterns.N. still widely used in the world.A.A.D. L. Girls High School. Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq settled in Motihari. Many people from Bihar and India attend these educational institutions.S. Motihari has an average literacy rate of 69%. 46% females. a telegraphic code for finger impression and a system of single-digit classificaiton. the Home Department (Government of India) noted. S. its camp Office is in Patna but it will come in existance in Motihari in near future which will be milestone for the growth of Motihari & Bihar. Motihari has many educational institutions like Munshi Singh mahavidyalaya affiliated to B. an engineering college named as Motihari Engineering College was esablished by Bihar Government in 2008 and session is continue there and College of Ayurvedic and Unani Medicine (Homeopathy Medical Collge.5.K. and many others. K.U. "It appears from the information now received that he (Haque) was Sir Edward Henry's principal helper in prefecting the scheme and he actually himself devised the method of classification which is in universal use. Don Boscho. In a recent developent a Central University which is known as Central University of Bihar is going to establish in Motihari.R. and 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.B.

and it is also a delightful place for visiting. Heritage  Someshwar Nath Temple   Location-Areraj. most people's livelihood depends on agriculture and dairy. In surrounding villages of Motihari.  Motihai Civil Court  Location-Mtihari  M. and natural scenery of the surrounding country side bordering the foothills of the Himalayan range. Motihari’s sugar mill is considered to be one of the biggest in Bihar. Motihari It is one of the oldest temples in Hindu mythology and its importance can be seen in the holy month of sawan. attend educational institutions. mills and factories. Gandhi maidan.factory is under development in sariyatpur which will produce suger. The local railway station there is Bapudham Motihari which is connected to all metropolliton cities and national capital with trains.College  Location-Motihari  Libraries  Urdu Library   Location-Motihari It is one of the oldest libraries from the British rule  Navyuvak Pustakalaya  Location-Motihari . With educational institutions. work. Motihari is well con nected by road and rail. Motihari is an attractive place for people to live. Motihari area is also famous for its Litchi fruit and Mitha Alua (sweet potato).S. ethanol & power in several Megawatt. jheel.  Gandhi Sangrahalaya  Location-Motihari near Town thana  Jheel-also known as Motijheel   Location-Motihari It divides the city in two parts. and historical sites like Gandhi Sangrahalaya.

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