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# SYLLABUS FOR TEXTILE ENGINEERING AND FIBRE SCIENCE (TF

)
Engineering Mathematics Linear Algebra:
Matrices and Determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

Calculus:
Limit, continuity and differentiability; Partial Derivatives; Maxima and minima; Sequences and series; Test for convergence; Fourier series.

Vector Calculus:
Gradient; Divergence and Curl; Line; surface and volume integrals; Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems.

Diferential Equations:
Linear and non-linear first order ODEs; Higher order linear ODEs with constant coefficients; Cauchy's and Euler's equations; Laplace transforms; PDEs - Laplace, heat and wave equations.

Probability and Statistics:
Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random variables; Poisson, normal and binomial distributions; Correlation and regression analysis.

Numerical Methods:
Solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; integration of trapezoidal and Simpson's rule; single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Textile Fibres:

sizing of spun and filament yarns. absorption. combing cycle. package faults and their remedies. Process of viscose and acetate preparation. lap preparation. wet and dry spinning of viscose and acrylic fibres. Gross and fine structure of natural fibres like cotton. mechanism of bobbin building. Principle of ring spinning. mechanical properties of fibres. poly (ethylene terephthalate). different systems of yarn splicing. Methods of investigating fibre structure e. air jet spinning. ring & traveler designs. cleaning and mixing/blending of fibrous materials. nylon-66. yarn clearers and tensioners. optical and electron microscopy. specific volume & packing coefficient. effect of their settings and timings on fabric formation. birefringence. fibre structure and property correlation. modern sizing machines.g. melting. the technology of carding. wool and silk. rotor and air-jet yarns. production of core spun yarn. principles of cotton combing. combing efficiency. features of modern cone winding machines. single and folded yarn twist. fibre configuration and orientation in yarn. factors affecting Tg and Tm. physical and chemical methods of fibre and blend identification and blend analysis. Density. roving twist. Drafting operation. properties and uses of natural and man-made fibres. irregularity index. causes of end breakages. features of modern beam and sectional warping machines. principles of pirn winding processes and machines. wrap spinning. different sizing systems. yarn diameter. thermal methods (DSC. compact spinning. amorphous and crystalline phases. TGA). mechanism of cop formation. Yarn contraction. twist less spinning and friction spinning.Classification of textile fibres. different types of warping creels. characteristic features of PET. roller and apron drafting principle. Essential requirements of fibre forming polymers. forces acting on yarn and traveler. Molecular architecture. crystallization. X-ray diffraction. structure and morphology of man-made fibres. working principle of modern opening and cleaning equipments. post spinning operations such as drawing. mechanism and function.. carding of cotton and synthetic fibres. Yarn manufacture and yarn structure & properties: Principles of opening. causes of mass irregularity introduced by drafting. principle of non conventional methods of yarn production such as rotor spinning. primary and secondary motions of loom. moisture sorption in fibres. Fabric manufacture and Fabric Structure: Principles of cheese and cone winding processes and machines. Introduction to important bast fibres. roller arrangements in drafting systems. I. heat setting. properties of double yarns. cause of fibre migration and its estimation. recent developments in comber. DMA/TMA. working principle of ring doubler and two for one twister. glass transition. Polymerization of nylon-6. plasticization. polyamide and polypropylene spinning. tow-to-top conversion and different texturing methods. polyacrylonitrile and polypropylene. Melt Spinning processes. random and precision winding.R. fabric appearance and weaving . twist strength relationship in spun yarns. properties of ring. Roving production.

nylon with acid and metal complex dyes. Printing of polyester with disperse dyes. bursting strength and abrasion resistance. Statistical data analysis of experimental results. weft replenishment. polyester. crepe. compressibility. elastica model of plain woven fabrics. Methods for determination of wash. mechanics of weft insertion with shuttle. wool. air permeability. Peirce's equations for fabric geometry. Dyeing: Classification of dyes. Resist and discharge printing of cotton. tear strength. Textile Testing: Sampling techniques. twist and hairiness. Correlation analysis. Dyeing polyester/cotton and polyester/wool blends. Measurement of fibre length. FAST and Kawabata instruments and systems for objective fabric evaluation. crease recovery. Printing of cotton with reactive dyes. Preparatory Processes: Chemistry and practice of preparatory processes for cotton. gauze. silk.performance. cord. dobby and jacquard shedding. principles of multiphase and circular looms. fineness. silk. Introduction to thermodynamics and kinetics of dyeing. leno and double cloth constructions. nylon and acrylic with appropriate dye classes. Printing of wool. evenness testing of slivers. measurement of cotton fibre maturity and trash content. Basic woven fabric constructions and their derivatives. warp and weft stop motions. Dyeing of cotton knitted fabrics and machines used. basic weft and warp knitted structures. sample size and sampling errors. production and areas of application of nonwoven fabrics. Dye fibre interaction. Methods of dye fixation after printing. cover and maximum sett of woven fabrics. thickness. Dyeing of cotton. yarns and fabrics. testing equipment for measurement test methods of fabric properties like thickness. strength and reflectance. terry. polyester and acrylic and polyester/cotton blends. light and rubbing fastness. warp protection. Evaluation of fastness properties with the help of grey scale. crimp. silk and polyester. drape. HVI and AFIS for fibre testing. Printing: Styles of printing. rovings and yarns. Mercerization of cotton. significance tests and analysis of variance. tensile testing of fibres. Principles of weft and warp knitting. frequency distributions and control charts. Classification. wool and silk. Printing auxiliaries. Measurement of yarn count. Preparatory processes for nylon. Printing thickeners including synthetic thickeners. functional principles of weft insertion systems of shuttle-less weaving machines. Batchwise and continuous dyeing machines. Printing of .

polyester/cotton blends with disperse/reactive combination. water repellent. Pollution: Environment pollution during chemical processing of textiles. Energy Conservation: Minimum application techniques. Stiff. Finishing: Mechanical finishing of cotton. Treatment of textile effluents. Soft. Developments in inkjet printing. flame retardant and enzyme (bio-polishing) finishing of cotton. Milling. Heat setting of polyester. decatizing and shrink resistant finishing of wool. . wrinkle resistant. Antistat finishing of synthetic fibre fabrics. Transfer printing of polyester.