Applied Operations Research – MB301 Handout-1 Definitions1.

Project – A project is a temporary endeavor with a defined beginning and end (usually time constrained, and often constrained by funding or deliverables), undertaken to meet unique goals and objectives, typically to bring about beneficial change or added value. Checklist (project definition checklist) Undertake n to meet unique goals and objectives Yes (To create a place of residence) Yes (To satisfy hunger) Project / Not Critical Path Method-1

Endeavor

Temporary Endeavor

Defined Beginning

Define d End Yes (Whitewash and Floorin g) Yes (Servin g it)

Leads to value addition

Construction of House (for its owner)

Yes (non-repetitive, a home can be build only once) Yes (a single packet can be made only once

Yes (Buying of Plot) Yes (Starting to boil the water)

Yes (benefit of shelter)

Project

Preparation of Maggi

Yes (hunger satisfied)

Project

Every project can be sub-divided into smaller parts for various reasons – Specialization Planning and Management Economies of Scale 2. Activity (or a task or a job) – any portion of the project which consumes time or resources, and has a definable beginning and end Example- Preparation of Maggi can be divided into many smaller steps/portions i. Boil water ii. Break the noodle cakes and put them in boiling water iii. Add tastemaker, once the noodles are soft iv. Mix well and wait for it to evenly dissolve v. Serve hot
Hemant Sharma (Applied Operation Research-MB301) Can be reached at sharma.hemant@ymail.com

once the evenly dissolve noodles are soft Mix well and wait for it to Serve hot evenly dissolve 3.e. once the and put them in boiling noodles are soft water Mix well and wait for it to Add tastemaker. activity (ii) cannot start before activity (i) is complete.com .hemant@ymail. Event.an event which represents the joint starting of more than one activity 4.Each step has well definable beginning and end. Network – it is a graphical representation of a project. Types of ActivitiesPredecessor Activities – the activities which immediately come before another activity without any intervening activities Successor Activities – activities which follow another activity without any intervening activities Activities Predecessor Activities (immediately before) Successor Activities (immediately after) Break the noodle cakes and put them in boiling water Add tastemaker.A hypothetical activity which requires zero effort and zero resources for completion 5. depicting the flow as well as the sequence of well defined activities and events.the starting and finishing point of an activity or a group of activities Types of EventsHead Event – marks the beginning of the activity Tail Event – marks the end of the activity Merge Event – an event which represents the joint completion of more than one activity Burst Event. once the noodles are soft Mix well and wait for it to evenly dissolve Serve hot - Boil water Break the noodle cakes and put them in boiling water Boil water Break the noodle cakes Add tastemaker. and No Activity can start until all previous activities in the same chain a re complete i. Hemant Sharma (Applied Operation Research-MB301) Can be reached at sharma. Dummy Activities.

Critical Path – the longest path through the network is called critical path.it consists of a set of activities that connects the networking beginning event to the network terminal event 7. it determines the minimum duration in which the said project can be finished.E Duration (Days) 10 9 9 8 7 11 5 Hemant Sharma (Applied Operation Research-MB301) Can be reached at sharma. Draw the network form the following and find the critical path (and project duration) Activity A B C D E F G Immediate Predecessor A A B B D. Draw the network form the following and find the critical path (and project duration) Activity 1-2 1-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 3-7 3-8 4-9 Duration (days) 5 8 6 4 4 5 3 1 Activity 5-9 6-10 7-10 8-11 9-12 10-12 11-13 12-13 Duration (days) 3 5 4 9 2 4 1 1 3.hemant@ymail. Problems to be discussed in class1.com .6. Draw the network form the following and find the critical path (and project duration) Activity 1-2 1-3 1-4 2-5 3-5 4-6 5-6 Duration (days) 2 4 3 1 6 5 7 2. Network Path.

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