First Edition 2004 www.quran-miracle.

com

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Table of contents Table of contents..............................................................................................2 Introduction......................................................................................................5 Energy mechanics of water..............................................................................7
1. Propagation of energy in water.....................................................................................7 2. Structural arrangement of water...................................................................................9 3. Water waves................................................................................................................12 4. The basic unit of the structure of energy....................................................................14 5. Discrete structure of energy........................................................................................15 6. Structural organization of energy weaved ropes in space...........................................15 7. Vibratory state of energy weaved ropes......................................................................17 8. Modes of Vibrations of energy weaved ropes.............................................................18 9. The function of energy weaved ropes.........................................................................19 10. Propagation of energy ..............................................................................................20 11. The interaction of energy weaved ropes with matter................................................26 12 The amount of energy experienced by an object.......................................................28 13. Optimal ratio of the magnitude of energy and the area experiencing this energy....28 14. The fabric of energy .................................................................................................30 15 Interaction of water waves.........................................................................................33 .......................................................................................................................................40 1. Structure of matter......................................................................................................41 2. Structure of the atom..................................................................................................42 3. Objects in the seven heavens of the atom...................................................................43 4. Structure of the objects in the seven heavens of the atom..........................................43 5. Motion of the objects in the seven heavens of the atom.............................................44 6. Shape of the nucleus of the atom................................................................................45 7. Status of the nucleus of the atom................................................................................45 8. Number of objects in the heavens of the atom...........................................................47 9. Energy within the seven heavens of the atom.............................................................48 10. Stability of the atom..................................................................................................48 11. Absorption of energy by matter................................................................................50 12. The energy that drives the objects in the heavens of the atom.................................51 13. Radial movement of the objects in the heavens of the atom....................................53 14. Are the objects in the heavens of the atom matter or energy?..................................54 15. Stable configuration of the atom..............................................................................54 16. The orbiting speed of the objects in the heavens of the atom...................................55 17. The importance of the weight of the atom................................................................56 1. Stability of the atom:..............................................................................................57 2. Atomic bonding:.....................................................................................................57 3. The amount and rate of energy flow from and to the atom....................................59 18. The flow of matter....................................................................................................59 19. How to derive the laws that govern energy and matter in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty from the Noble Qur’an...................................................................................64 20. The concept of a constant and variable energy fields...............................................67 21. Why atoms take in and give off energy (thermal, electrical, acoustic, etc.)?...........68 22. Balance of the lattice structure of materials.............................................................71

The ability of the law of everything as derived from the Noble Qur’an to explain and predict the outcome of observed phenomena.............................73
Gravitation ((‫37.........................................................................................................الجاذبيه‬ 2

1. Understanding how gravitational energy interacts with matter (i.e. the phenomenon of gravity)..............................................................................................73 2.The relationship between mass and shape...............................................................79 3.Perfect match between the stability of the earth and that of the atom.....................81 4.The concept of the center of gravity........................................................................84 ٍStructural ((‫78......................................................................................................... المنشآت‬ 1. Various types of atomic bonds................................................................................87 2. The concept of stress...............................................................................................87 3. Density of materials................................................................................................89 4. Stiffness of materials..............................................................................................90 5. Fatigue of materials................................................................................................92 6. Strength of matter...................................................................................................96 7. Stress concentration phenomena.............................................................................96 8. Prediction of material behavior under load............................................................98 9. Phenomenon of friction........................................................................................101 Fluidic ((‫301...............................................................................................................الموائع‬ 1. Fluid flow in conduits..........................................................................................103 2. Resistance of conduits to fluid flow.....................................................................104 3. Diffusion of matter................................................................................................106 4. Evaporation and condensation of water................................................................112 Electricity and magnetism ((‫511..........................................................الكهربائية و المغناطيسية‬ 1. The nature of the electron.....................................................................................115 2. The concept of an electric current.........................................................................116 3. The phenomenon of superconductivity.................................................................118 4. Production of a magnetic field..............................................................................119 5. Classification of materials according to their magnetic properties......................121 6. The concept of light..............................................................................................122 7. Production of light by the sun...............................................................................124 8. Optical properties of materials..............................................................................125 Thermal Energy ((‫721.....................................................................................الطاقة الحرارية‬ 1. The concept of thermal energy.............................................................................127 2. Modes of transport of thermal energy ..................................................................128 3. Speed of heat transport in matter..........................................................................133 4. The concept of heat capacity of materials............................................................134 5. Thermal induced displacements in materials........................................................135 5.1 The relationship between the weight of the atom and the amount of thermally induced mechanical displacements...........................................................................137 6. Behavior of materials upon heating and cooling..................................................139 Biomedical Engineering ((‫141................................................................الهندسة الطبية الحيوية‬ 1. Biocompatibility ((‫141............................................................................التطابق الحيوي‬

Applications from the law of everything as derived from the Noble Qur’an ......................................................................................................................150 Structural applications..................................................................................150
Application (1): The design of load handling structures from the Noble Qur’an:.......150 Application (2) How to reduce friction? as derived from the Noble Qur’an...............152

Fluidic applications......................................................................................153
Application (1): Comparing the difference between the behavior of cold and hot water ......................................................................................................................................153

Electrical and magnetic applications............................................................154
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Application (1): Achieving superconductivity at temperatures above room temperature (i.e. above 25 degrees centigrade)................................................................................154

Mathematical applications...........................................................................156
Application (1): The main function describing the form of energy and matter ...........156

Biological applications.................................................................................162
Application (1): A new testing medium for biological experimentation......................162 ....................................................................................................................................167

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Introduction
To understand all physical phenomena like material behavior under load, transport of thermal energy, light, etc. one needs to know the laws that govern these phenomena. Scientific hypotheses and theories attempt to uncover these laws. The strength of a scientific theory is measured by its ability to explain the phenomena plus its ability to predict the outcome from certain input conditions such as the deformation of a certain material due to a known value of an applied load. Scientific theories that exist today are unable to explain all physical phenomena. Some theories can explain 30% of the observations from a certain phenomena and some may reach 40% but the fact remains today there is no scientific hypothesis, theory, or law that can give a complete explanation for all physical phenomena. Allah Almighty has sent down the final revelation to mankind which is the Noble Qur’an. Allah Almighty describes the Noble Qur’an in sorat AlAna’m:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 38. There is not a moving (living) creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its two wings, but are communities like you. Allah (God) Almighty did not leave anything out of the Noble Qur’an, then unto their Lord they (all) shall be gathered. Thus the conclusion is that the Noble Qur’an must contain the best science and methodology to learn the law that governs His creation. Allah Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Anbya:
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The translation of the above verse (s) is: 30. Have not the disbelievers see that the havens and earth were one weaved tapestry then Allah (God) Almighty split them apart and Allah (God) Almighty made every living thing from water. Will they not believe? From this Qur’anic verse the conclusion is that all living creatures which are composed of matter (cells, hair, skin, bone, etc.) and energy (fluid circulation, light transmission, muscle forces, etc.) are created with the same structure of matter and energy that exist in water. This study will show, Allah (God) Willing, that the Noble Qur’an contains the law that governs energy and matter in the creation of Allah Almighty and by knowing the mechanisms that govern energy and matter it is possible to completely explain any physical phenomena. Therefore the Noble Qur’an contains a complete explanation for all physical phenomena and there is no other book on earth that contains this level of science.

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Energy mechanics of water 1. Propagation of energy in water
Studying the mechanics of energy transfer in water will explain energy transfer in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty since matter and energy in the creation of Allah Almighty are created exactly like the matter and energy of water. Allah Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Imran:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: Indeed there are signs in the heavens and the earth and in the variation of night and day for those who understand.

If one examines how energy propagates when a stone is thrown in a pond, the first matter that one notices is that the location where the stone hits the water is like a source of energy. Furthermore, energy propagates in the form of waves and one can’t help to notice the beautiful pattern by which waves propagate from the energy source as concentric circles enlarging as they move away from the energy source as shown in figure 1-1.

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Stone dropping location

Figure 1-1: Water waves generated due to the dropping of a stone in a water pond.

Figure 1 shows the propagation of water waves in two dimensions; this picture can be extended to three dimensions where it can be concluded that these circles comprise a sphere which will be called from this point forward as the energy sphere. Whereas the energy density is maximum near the source and decreases moving away from it as shown in figure 1-2.

Figure 1-2: Three dimensional view of the propagation of water waves. 8

2. Structural arrangement of water
Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Infitar that His creation is generated in a process of assembly.

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 8. In whatever form Allah (God) willed He assembled you. Thus it can be concluded that water is composed of basic structural elements, the assembly of which generates the structure and function of water. It is also stated in sorat Hud that Allah (God) Almighty created the heavens and earth in six days and His thrown was on water.

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 7. And He created the heavens and the earth in six days and His thrown was on water to test you to see the one that does the best of deeds. And if you say that you will be resurrected after death, the disbelievers will say this is great magic. It is also stated in the Noble Qur’an that Allah (God) Almighty perfected everything He created (sorat al-Naml):

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The translation of the above verse (s) is: 88. And you see the mountains and you think that they are still whereas they are passing by like the passing of clouds. The manufacturing by Allah (God) Almighty who perfected everything He created. He is all knower about what you do. A very important fact is also stated in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Qamar that the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is discrete and not continuous:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: Allah (God) Almighty created everything in discrete proportions. This means that energy and matter in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty are composed of discrete amounts of energy and matter. Linking the previous verses together, the following can be concluded: Water is the first creation of Allah (God) Almighty which can be seen today. The basic elements comprising water must be arranged in a hexagonal packing arrangement such that Allah (God) Almighty shows humans a sign which testifies that He created the heavens and the earth in six days. This hexagonal packing arrangement for matter and energy is the optimal pattern for energy and matter to be arranged in, since hexagonal arrangement covers the maximum volume with minimum amount of material thus obtaining optimal utilization of matter and energy. The structure of water found from experiments is shown in figure 2-1. It is worth mentioning that it is in perfect match with the conclusions from the Noble Qur’an.

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Figure 2-1: Hexagonal structural arrangement of water.

Since energy is created with the same structure and function of water it is logical to conclude that all energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty should have the following characteristics: 1. Composed of quantized amount of energy localized in space (i.e. energy packets), exactly like water droplets. 2. These energy packets are arranged in a hexagonal packing arrangement both lengthwise and widthwise as shown in figure 2-2. The arrangement of water atoms has exactly the same arrangement of bee's habitation; this may help in better visualization of water atoms in space. This correlates with the statement of Allah (God) Almighty in the Noble Qur'an that He has created every living thing from water (i.e. with the same design and function of water). 3. Energy packets propagate in concentric circles away from the energy source. These circles expand as they move away from the energy source exactly like water waves.

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Lengthwise

Widthwise

Figure 2-2: Hexagonal structural arrangement of energy packets.

3. Water waves
Studying the first observation from the experiment stated in the previous section, which is that energy propagates in the form of waves. A water wave is generated when the stone causes a displacement of water molecules and they accumulate in a form of a hill as shown in figure 3-1. This arrangement gives water molecules energy due to their elevation above the surface of the pond which can be thought of as a reference plane. Water molecules tend to go back to the state they were created in (i.e. the reference), thus they start to gain velocity and go down hill. The energy of water molecules gained due to elevation which can be described as potential energy is transformed into another form of energy which can be described as kinetic energy. The movement of water molecules from the top of the wave downward pushes the molecules adjacent to them and the process of energy transformation from potential to kinetic is repeated.

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Figure 3-1: The generation of a water wave.

It is worth noticing that the first displacement of water molecules is caused by the stone thrown in the pond. The displacement of water molecules adjacent to the stone causes the displacement of the water molecules adjacent to them and the process of the transformation of potential to kinetic energy is repeated and a water wave is the result. It can be concluded from the study of the mechanics of water waves that a wave transports energy by the transformation of potential to kinetic energy and vice versa. The energy of water waves can be increased by either of the following:
1. Increasing the strength of the wind generating the water waves,

thereby increasing the amplitude of the wave. Such that the wave delivers larger forces upon impacting a body. 2. Increasing the number of times the wind hits the water surface, thereby increasing the number of water waves generated in a given unit of time (i.e. increasing the frequency of water waves).

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Another observation from the propagation of energy in water is that water propagates as droplets (i.e. quantized amount of energy and matter) such that within these droplets there are vibratory states (i.e. vibrational energy).

4. The basic unit of the structure of energy
To understand the structure and function of energy it is important to know the basic building block of which energy is composed of. Consequently, the assembly of these units will comprise the overall structure of energy. The basic unit of energy is described fully in the Noble Qur’an where Allah Almighty describes the structure of gravitational energy in sorat Al-Thariat:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 7. By the heavens which have weaved ropes and paths within it. One of the main energies a person experiences on earth is a pulling force towards the earth which is termed gravitational energy. Linking this experience with the verse that states that the sky contained weaved ropes and knowing that the main function of ropes is to develop tension and generate a pulling force on bodies. Thus the above verse describes that the gravitational field is composed of waved ropes as the basic structural element of the field. Linking this conclusion with the verse in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Fatir which states that the way of Allah (God) Almighty is constant in creation.

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 43. And you will not find any switching in the way of Allah (God) Almighty and you will not find any deviation in the way of Allah (God) Almighty.

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Thus the conclusion is that all forms of energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty are composed of weaved ropes as the basic structural elements comprising the energy field. The structure of energy weaved ropes as described in the Noble Qur’an is shown in figure 4-1.
‫الحبك‬ ‫الحبك‬ ))‫((حبال على شكلنسيج‬ ‫حبال على شكل نسيج‬

Weaved ropes

Figure 4-1: The basic building block of all energy fields in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty.

5. Discrete structure of energy
The question now arises whether these weaved ropes are continuous (i.e. having long continuous ropes from energy source to sink or discrete short ropes) or discrete. The answer can be found in the verse stated previously in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Qamar where it is stated that everything in the creation of Allah Almighty is created in discrete proportions. Thus it can be concluded that the weaved ropes that make up the structure of energy are discrete in space which indicates that the energy in the creation of Allah Almighty is composed of discrete (quantized) packets of energy.

6. Structural organization of energy weaved ropes in space
Spatial organization of these weaved ropes in space can be known from the Noble Qur’an where Allah (God) Almighty states that everything is created from water. Thus the conclusion is that energy weaved ropes should be
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arranged in a hexagonal packing arrangement both lengthwise and widthwise. The same structural organization can be seen in another creation of a living system which is described in sorat Al-Nahl:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 68. And your Lord inspired the bees to take their habitation in the mountains and trees and in what they erect. Allah Almighty highlights in this verse one of His creations which is the habitation of bees. The structure of bee hives has unique hexagonal structural organization of its walls. This hexagonal structural organization is the optimal way for building the architecture of anything (energy and matter). Thus having these weaved ropes in a hexagonal structural organization is the optimal way of distributing energy in space since this organization ensures that the maximum volume is covered with the least amount of material or energy as shown in figure 6-1.
‫شكل مجال‬ ‫شكل مجال‬ ‫الجاذبية‬ ‫الجاذبية‬ The The shape of shape of the the gravity gravity field field

Lengthwise

Widthwise

Figure 6-1: Structural organization of energy weaved ropes widthwise and lengthwise.

Lengthwise organization of these weaved ropes is also in a hexagonal arrangement for the same reasons mentioned above as shown in figure 6-1.
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Thus it can be concluded from the discussion presented so far that energy in the creation of Allah Almighty has weaved ropes as the basic structural unit and these units are organized lengthwise and widthwise in a hexagonal packing arrangement.

7. Vibratory state of energy weaved ropes
It is stated in the Noble Qur’an that gravitational energy is in a vibratory state in sorat Fussilt:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 39. And among Allah (God) Almighty signs that you see the earth barren and when Allah sends down rain it vibrates and grows

This vibratory state of gravitational energy must come from the vibrations of the basic building blocks of the gravitational field which are the weaved ropes. Thus these ropes are not static but are in a dynamical vibratory state. The vibrations of these ropes are exactly like the flow of water waves (i.e. the vibrations of water droplets) such that each rope vibrates in exactly a similar manner to the vibrations of water droplets in a water wave as shown in figure 7-1.

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Figure 7-1: Vibrations of a single rope of energy weaved ropes.

8. Modes of Vibrations of energy weaved ropes
Figure 8-1 shows the three ends of a single weaved rope which, as stated previously, these ropes are in a vibratory state. The question now is to what are the modes (shapes) of the vibrations of these weaved ropes. Knowing that each rope should be in a vibratory state and plotting this on the same plane, the result is shown in figure 8-1.

3rd mode of vibration 2nd mode of vibration

1st mode of vibration Figure 8-1: Modes of vibrations for energy weaved ropes. 18

It is worth noticing that the three modes of vibrations for energy weaved ropes map a hexagonal vibratory pattern as shown in figure 8-1.

9. The function of energy weaved ropes
The next logical question is about the function of these energy weaved ropes. Since Allah (God) Almighty describes these basic building units of energy as weaved ropes the logical conclusion is that they must perform the same function as ropes which justifies their description as such. The function of ropes is to develop tension between objects, thereby creating an attraction between them. This explanation gives the reason why a person located in the gravity field of the earth feels an attraction towards the earth because of energy ropes pulling the person towards the earth and at the same time pulling the earth towards the person but because of the mass difference between the two, the person feels the effect more prominently than the earth. The following examples are given to demonstrate the action of energy weaved ropes: Observed phenomenon Weaved ropes between objects

Gravitational energy

Mass 1

Mass 2

Positive charge

Electric field

+

Negative charge

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Magnetic field

S

Magnet

N

S

N

THigh > TLow

Thermal energy
THigh

TLow

10. Propagation of energy
As stated in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Anbya:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 30. Haven’t the unbelievers see that the heavens and earth were one weaved tapestry and Allah (God) Almighty split them apart and Allah (God) made every living thing from water. Will they not believe? The above verse states that Allah Almighty made every living thing from water. Living creatures are made of matter through which energy propagates to maintain the various functions of the living creatures. According to the Noble Qur’an the propagation of all forms of energy needs to be exactly like the propagation of energy in water. Water propagates as droplets of matter such that each droplet contains a certain amount of energy. Thus it can be concluded that energy propagates in

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discrete amounts of energy (i.e. packets of energy). Such that within these droplets of energy there are vibratory states (i.e. vibrational energy). The amount of energy is dependent on the number of energy packets (droplets) which propagate in a given interval of time. As energy packets propagate they cause wave like deformations in the medium exactly like water waves in the seas as shown in figure 10-1.

Figure 10-1: Propagation of energy packets like water waves.

Thus it can be concluded that energy exhibits the behavior of both waves and energy particles. Energy behaves as a wave due to the propagation of energy packets in an envelope which has the shape of a water wave and energy behaves also as energy particles since each unit of energy is packed in a confined location in space. The pattern of energy propagation should be identical to that of the propagation of water waves from an energy source. Such that if a stone is dropped in a water pond then the pattern of energy propagation can be seen as concentric circles of water waves emanating from the energy source which is the site where the stone was dropped. Energy follows the same mechanics in its propagation as stated in the Noble Qur’an that every living thing is

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created from water (i.e. matter and energy should follow the same mechanics of water). It can be concluded that all forms of energy in the creation of Allah Almighty have their energy weaved ropes arranged in a hexagonal pattern which is contained in a spherical shape having the source of energy in its center (this spherical shape comes about from the propagation of water waves away from an energy source) as shown in figure 10-2.

Energy source

Figure 10-2: Distribution of energy weaved ropes in space.

The basic units of energy (i.e. energy weaved ropes) are organized in any plane within the energy sphere as shown in figure 10-3.

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Propagation of energy without an energy guide (Analogy is given to the propagation of water waves)
Energy quanta (Water droplets) Direction of propagation

Energy source

Figure 10-3: Propagation of energy in space.

The amount of energy experienced by a materialistic object is mainly proportional to the density of energy weaved ropes the object is experiencing (i.e. the number of ropes divided by the volume the ropes cover). The density of these ropes is in turn proportional to the proximity of the object to the source of energy. Such that as the object gets closer to the source of energy the more energy ropes are experience by the object (i.e. higher energy) and as the object moves further from the source of energy the density of energy weaved ropes decreases (i.e. lower energy). Suppose that a materialistic object is placed close to the center of the sphere of energy as shown in figure 10-4 then the amount of energy weaved ropes acting on the object would be large since the density of the energy mesh is large in this volume of space compared to the case when the object is placed further from the source of energy since the density of the energy mesh is small in that volume of space as shown in figure 10-5.

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A materialistic object

Figure 10-4: An object placed near to the source of energy at the center of the energy sphere.

A materialistic object

Figure 10-5: An object placed far from the source of energy at the center of the energy sphere.

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As seen in figures 10-4 and 10-5 the hexagonal arrangement of energy weaved ropes is maintained throughout the energy sphere, however, the distances between energy weaved ropes increases moving away from the center of the sphere. This increase in the distances between energy weaved ropes will reduce the density of energy in the volumes of space away from the center of the sphere since density is defines as the number of energy packets (i.e. energy quanta) divided by the volume they occupy. Thus moving away from the center of the energy sphere the number of energy weaved ropes contained within a certain volume of space would decrease which would reduce the density of energy in the vicinity. If each energy weaved rope is visualized for the purposes of illustration as a dot then the density of these ropes can be seen as shown in figure 10-6.

Figure 10-6: The density of energy weaved ropes seen here as dots.

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11. The interaction of energy weaved ropes with matter
It is important to understand the interaction of energy weaved ropes with matter in its vicinity. Allah (God) Almighty gives the answer in the Noble Qur’an in numerous verses where Allah Almighty tells humans that there are signs in His creations in the heavens and the earth. The interaction of energy with matter can be understood fully from studying the shape of the growth of trees. Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Rahman:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 10. And the earth Allah (God) almighty placed for His creations. Linking this verse with the one mentioned previously which states that when rain falls on the earth it vibrates and grows bringing forth plants and trees. It can be concluded that the source of growth energy for trees emanates from the earth which is gravitational energy (in the shape of energy weaved ropes arranged in a hexagonal pattern). Figure 11-1 shows a model for the interaction of gravitational energy with the mass of a plant seed. It can be seen that energy weaved ropes are curved in the presence of matter as shown in figure 11-1.

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Curvature of energy weaved ropes
‫موقع بذرة‬ ‫النبات‬

Figure 11-1: Interaction of gravitational energy with the mass of a plant seed.

Since the sunnah (way) of Allah (God) Almighty is constant in creation, then the weaved ropes that comprise the structure of any energy will be curved in the presence of matter. The number of weaved ropes harnessed by a certain object depends primarily on the mass of the object which results from the weight of the atoms the object is assembled from. For example, as the mass of a plant seed increases it will harness more gravity ropes and thus the energy skeleton the plant will grow upon will be larger and thus the plant will be large and feels a stronger attractive force towards the earth. This explains Allah (God) Almighty description for the sky as being a building skeleton for His creation in sorat Ghafir:

The translation of the above verse is: 64. It is Allah (God) Almighty who made the earth as a place of settlement and the heavens as a structure and He shaped you and perfected that shape

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and He gave you bounties. That is Allah (God) Almighty your Lord, all praise be to Allah (God) the Lord of all that exists.

12 The amount of energy experienced by an object
In general, it can be said that the amount of energy an object experiences is related to the density of the energy weaved ropes interacting with the object and is given by the following equation:
Amount of energy = Number of energy weaved ropes Area perpendicular to the orientation of energy weaved ropes # of energy weaved ropes E= A

Thus if an object is placed near to an energy source the number of energy weaved ropes will be large and, consequently, the energy harnessed by the object will be high. As the object is placed further from the energy source the number of energy ropes the object experiences decreases (i.e. the density of energy weaved ropes decreases) and thus the energy harnessed by the object will be lower than the first case.

13. Optimal ratio of the magnitude of energy and the area experiencing this energy
A very important question in the design of load handling structures is the optimal ratio between the magnitude of the applied force and the area experiencing that force. The answer to this optimal ratio is given in clear terms in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Thariat:

The translation of the above verse is: 21. And in yourselves why don’t you look?
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In this verse Allah (God) Almighty advices humans to look into themselves (i.e. the design and creation of their bodies). The human body is a textbook in optimal design. The optimal ratio between the energy and area experiencing this energy can be found from the study of the design of the human musculoskeletal system where the energy source in this case, skeletal muscles, generate mechanical force in a hexagonal pattern as shown in figure 13-1.

Organization of energy producing elements in skeletal muscles

Energy packets are produced in a hexagonal pattern

Figure 13-1: Production of energy packets from skeletal muscles in a hexagonal packing arrangement.

Structural elements in the human body (i.e. human bones) that transmit and handle these forces are arranged in a hexagonal packing arrangement as shown in figure 13-2.

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Hydroxy apatite crystals in bone

Figure 13-2: Bone structure on the nano-scale.

Thus the energy produced from the muscles is received by a hexagonal structure within human bone. It becomes clear that the optimal ratio between the source of energy and the structural element handling this energy is one to one (1:1). Such that the energy weaved ropes are transmitted as they are generated from the energy source with no squeezing of the lines the energy ropes follow. If squeezing of the paths energy weaved ropes occurs it will produce unwanted additional stresses within the material and similarly no expansion of these lines should occur because it will result in the use of unnecessary additional material to handle the applied force.

14. The fabric of energy
It is stated in the Noble Qur’an that Allah (God) Almighty perfected everything He created. Thus the optimal distribution of energy in space would be a hexagonal pattern such that energy packets would flow along the edges of this hexagonal fabric as shown in figure 14-1.

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Figure 14-1: Fabric of energy and the flowing of energy within it.

The fabric of energy is described in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Thariat where Allah (God) Almighty describes the heavens as having weaved ropes and paths within it. Along these paths in the heavens energy flows and they are organized in a hexagonal pattern as shown in figure 14-1. It should be noted that the hexagonal fabric of energy results from the manner in which energy packets (quanta) flow. This fact is deduced from a verse in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Thariat:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 21. And in yourselves why don’t you look? In which Allah (God) Almighty directs humans to look into themselves. Examining the human body it is discovered that an aggregate of collagen molecules arrange themselves in a hexagonal pattern. Thus the question now arises as to how these molecules know to arrange themselves in this manner? Each strand of a collagen molecule is in a vibratory state and due to its piezoelectric property it generates an electrical field around each strand
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which in turns generates a magnetic field along the axis of the individual strand as shown in figure 14-2. The generated magnetic field is responsible for the alignment of the molecules in a hexagonal arrangement both lengthwise and widthwise.

Figure 14-2: Magnetic fields generated from collagen molecule.

The molecules are arranged in a hexagonal packing arrangement widthwise by the repulsion of the strands to each other since they have similar poles (North or south) as shown in figure 14-3. Lengthwise hexagonal arrangement is done by the attraction of each strand to another (i.e. North to south pole and vice versa), however, it should be noted that the magnetic field generated from each strand is not parallel to the axis of the collagen molecule but it leaves with an angle of 45 degrees from the longitudinal axis of the collagen molecule as shown in figure 14-2. This 45 degrees angle makes the collagen molecules that are attached lengthwise to the original molecules to shift from the center of the original molecule. Which results in a hexagonal packing arrangement for collagen molecules lengthwise as shown in figure 14-4.

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Figure 14-3: Hexagonal arrangement of collagen molecules widthwise.

Interaction of energy and matter
‫(والسماء ذات الحبك)صدقل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫العظيم‬ Structural organization of collagen molecules The shape of the primary unit of the human body is as the shape of weaved ropes

Energy in the creation Gravity weaved ropes Matter in the creation of Allah Almighty of Allah Almighty

Figure 14-4: Hexagonal arrangement of collagen molecules lengthwise.

15 Interaction of water waves
Studying the interaction of water waves will Allah (God) willing explain the interaction of all forms of energy waves. The following cases for the interaction of water waves will be studied:

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Case 1: Two water waves propagating along the same direction having the same amplitude, frequency, and are initiated at the same time (i.e. no phase delay) In this case it is noticed that the two waves will add to each other such that the level of the resulting water wave will be doubled. This can be explained by knowing that the amplitude of the water wave results from the energy supplied to water droplets which will cause the accumulation of these droplets and if there are two waves then the energy supplied to the water droplets will be doubled and thus the amplitude will be doubled (i.e. the number of water droplets will be doubled as well). Since the frequency and phase of the two waves are identical then the added wave will have a shape similar to the original wave but with an amplitude double that of the original water wave as shown in figure 15-1.
Water wave 1 Generated water wave (1 + 2)

Water wave 2

Figure 15-1: Addition of two identical water waves.

Case 2: Two water waves propagating along the same direction, having the same amplitude, with one wave having a frequency double the other, and are initiated at the same time (i.e. no phase delay)

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In this case two water waves are flowing along the same direction; however, one wave has a frequency double the other as shown in figure 15-2. The addition of the two waves results in a new wave having a new shape as shown in figure 15-2. The shape of the wave resulting from the addition of the two original water waves can be explained by noticing that at time equal to 200 msec for example, wave 1 has a valley (i.e. water droplets are lower than the surface of the pond) with an amplitude equal to the full amplitude of the wave while wave 2 at the same time instant has a hill with half the amplitude of the wave. The addition of the two waves means that the droplets of water due to the effect of the first wave will attempt to go a full amplitude below the surface of the pond while at the same time the same droplets attempt to go above the surface of the pond by half the amplitude of the wave (i.e. half the energy) due to the second wave. The resultant is that water droplets will go below the surface of the pond by half an amplitude. The same method of explanation applies to all points of the newly generated water wave shown in figure 15-2.

Water wave 1

Newly generated water wave

Water wave 2

Figure 15-2: Addition of two water waves, one having double the frequency of the other.

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Case 3: Two water waves propagating along opposite directions having the same amplitude, frequency, and are initiated at the same time (i.e. no phase delay) This case presents the situation where two identical water waves collide with each other. Water droplets will collide with each other and since the two waves are identical (i.e. the energy content in each wave is the same) then the two waves will be reflected such that the valleys and hills of the reflected wave will have the same pattern as the incident wave, however, the reflected wave is a mirror image of the incident wave. The reflected wave from each wave will have the full power of the incident wave. Case 4: Two water waves propagating along opposite directions having the same amplitude, one having double the frequency of the other, and are initiated at the same time (i.e. no phase delay) If two water waves collide with each other with one of the waves having a frequency double the other. In this case the time instances where the hills and valleys for the two waves occur will not be the same. This will result in the formation of a reflected wave and a transmitted wave. In this case the reflected wave will have the shape as if the two incident waves are subtracted from each other as shown in figure 15-3. The explanation for all the resulting waves lays in the fact that depending on the value of the net energy working on water molecules, they will be lifted above or lowered below the surface of the water which can be thought of as the desired level water molecules want to be in.

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Figure 15-3: Subtraction of two water waves, one having double the frequency of the other.

Note: Energy waves for all forms of energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty follow the same mechanics of the interaction of water waves. Case 5: Water waves hitting a rocky beach Studying the case where water waves hit a barrier like for example rocks on a rocky beach as shown in figure 15-4 explains all the mechanics of energy when energy waves hit a barrier. The parameter that governs the response of a rocky beach is the weight of its atoms. A water wave is composed of water molecules having quantized amounts of energy and the rocky beach is composed of heavy atoms and this result in the following features for the rocky beach:
1. High density: Due to the large number of atomic gravity weaved

ropes of its atoms the atoms will be densely packed.
2. High stiffness: The large number of atomic gravity weaved ropes will

result in high stiffness for the material comprising the rocky beach.

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Having a high density for the rocky beach results in the fact that most of the water droplets will be reflected and very few will be transmitted into the rocks. The high stiffness of the rocks ensure that most of the energy contained within the water droplets is reflected back and thus the reflected wave will have the major part of the energy contained within the incident wave. The difference in energy between the energy of the incident and reflected waves represents the energy contained in the wave transmitted within the rocks as shown in figure 15-5.

Figure 15-4: Water waves hitting a barrier.

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Figure 15-5: Water waves hitting a rocky beach.

Case 6: Water waves hitting a sandy beach A sandy beach is composed of light atoms. Based on this it will have the following properties:
1. Low density: Due to the small number of atomic gravity weaved

ropes; the atoms will be loosely packed.
2. Low stiffness: The small number of atomic gravity weaved ropes

between the atoms comprising the sand causes the stiffness of the sand to be low. The above properties results in the fact that the transmitted wave within the sand contains the majority of the energy of the incident wave. The reflected wave will have a small amount of energy. This case is shown in figure 15-6.

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Figure 15-6: Water waves hitting a sandy beach.

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1. Structure of matter
When, for example, someone wants to convince another that he knows everything in a certain book he would say that I know every letter in the book. The person will not say that he knows the title of every chapter because that will not convince the other person that he knows the book thoroughly. What would convince him is that if the person knows every single letter in the book which is the basic building block of the book. In the Noble Qur’an Allah Almighty states in sorat Yonus:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 61. Whatever state you are in and whatever portion of the Qur’an you recite and whatever deed you do, Allah (God) Almighty is a witness over you when you are performing that action. And not the weight of an atom in the heaven and earth is hidden from your Lord and not smaller or larger than that except that is written in a clear book. The fact that not even the weight of an atom is hidden from Him in the heavens and in the earth. Thus Allah Almighty states the fact that not even the basic building unit of His creation is hidden from Him. This statement highlights the following points:
1. The basic building block of all matter is what Allah (God) Almighty

describes as Thara (

) translated into English as an atom.

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2. The most important property of the Thara (atom) is its weight, since

Allah (God) Almighty links this property to the atom and not other properties like shape, color, etc.

2. Structure of the atom
The exact details for the internal structure of the atom can be known from the Noble Qur’an as follows: Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an that He has created seven heavens one on top of the other in sorat Fussilt:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 12. Then Allah (God) Almighty created seven heavens in two days and He inspired the state of each heaven. And Allah (God) Almighty adorned the lowest heaven with lamps and objects that protect. This is the decree of the Almighty, the All-Knower. Linking this verse with the fact that the way of Allah (God) Almighty in creation is constant, thus it is the modality of Allah (God) Almighty to create a central object surrounded by seven heavens. Thus the atom should have a central object surrounded by seven heavens or layers as shown in figure M21.

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‫السبع سماوات‬ ‫السبع سماوات‬ ‫النواة‬ ‫النواة‬ Nucleus Nucleus Seven heavens Seven heavens )layers( )layers(

‫تركيب الذرة كما ورد في القرآن الكريم‬ ‫تركيب الذرة كما ورد في القرآن الكريم‬
The composition of the atom as described in the Noble Qur’an The composition of the atom as described in the Noble Qur’an

Figure M2-1: The structure of the atom as derived from the Noble Qur’an.

3. Objects in the seven heavens of the atom
Allah (God) Almighty states in the verse mentioned in the previous section that He has ordained in each heaven its state and that Allah (God) Almighty created objects in the heavens like lamps (i.e. light producing objects) and protectors (i.e. maintaining the structural integrity of the space they are in). Thus it can be concluded that the objects in the heavens of the atoms should be light-producing elements and maintaining the structural integrity of the atom and its heavens.

4. Structure of the objects in the seven heavens of the atom
Allah (God) Almighty describes the sun in the Noble Qur’an in sorat AlNaba as the wick of an oil lamp which is glowing:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 13. And Allah (God) Almighty made a glowing wick. Since the sun is an object in the heaven then the objects in the heavens of the atom should have the same structure as the wick of an oil lamp. The shape of

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a wick of an oil lamp is exactly like the shape of weaved ropes as shown in figure M4-1. Thus the first conclusion regarding the objects in the heavens of the atom is that they are materialistic objects having a defined and predetermined mass.
‫لجججسام حول نواة الذرة‬ ‫ا‬ Objects around the nucleus in the heavens

Figure M4-1: The internal structure of the objects in the heavens of the atom.

5. Motion of the objects in the seven heavens of the atom
Allah Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Anbya:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 33. And He (Allah (God) Almighty) created the night and day and the sun and the moon. Each is floating in its orbit. That the sun and moon are not static but performing an orbital motion. Thus the objects in the seven heavens are not static but performing orbital motion about the nucleus of the atom.

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6. Shape of the nucleus of the atom
The question now arises regarding the shape of the object in the center of the atom (i.e. the nucleus). The shape of the nucleus is given in perfect detail in the Noble Qur’an where Allah (God) Almighty describes in sorat Naziat:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 30. And the earth after that it is made like the shape of an egg. That the shape of the earth is similar to the shape of an ostrich egg which has a geospherical shape. Thus it can be concluded that the nucleus of the atom should be geospherical in shape.

7. Status of the nucleus of the atom
The question now arises about the status of the nucleus of the atom whether it is static or dynamic. The answer can be found in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Naml:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 88. And you see the mountains and you think they are standing still, however, they are passing by as clouds. The manufacturing of Allah (God) Almighty who perfected everything He created. He is All knower about what you do. In the above verse Allah (God) Almighty states that when you see the mountains, which are objects in the heavens of the earth, you think that they

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are standing still. It is worth noticing that Allah (God) Almighty used the word (think) and not a word like (they are) which indicates that the mountains are not standing still. However, how can a person think that they are standing still? The only way this can happen is if the mountains are rotating with the same angular speed as the person who is viewing them. Thus it can be concluded that the earth is performing a spinning motion about its axis. The reason a person sees the clouds moving is that the wind supplies the clouds with additional energy which gives the clouds an increase in their angular speed and thus the difference in angular speeds between the person looking at the clouds and the clouds results in the person seeing the clouds moving. Another verse which sheds light on the status of the nucleus of the atom is the following verse in sorat Al-Zumor:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 5. He (Allah (God) Almighty) has created the heavens and the earth with truth. He makes the night to go in the day and makes the day to go in the night. And He has subjected the sun and the moon. Each running (on a fixed course) for an appointed term. Verily, He is the All-Mighty, the OftForgiving. In this verse Allah (God) Almighty states that He merges the night into the day and the day into the night. However, the description given for this merge

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is that of a somewhat spherical shape being rotated to accomplish the task. Thus it can be concluded that the nucleus of the atom is doing a spinning motion about its axis. The nucleus of the atom is also vibrating about its centroid. This conclusion is found from the following verse in sorat Fussilt:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 39. And among Allah (God) Almighty signs that you see the earth barren and when Allah sends down rain it vibrates and grows Thus the conclusion is that the nucleus should be in a vibratory state about its centroid.

8. Number of objects in the heavens of the atom
It is stated in the Noble Qur’an that Allah (God) Almighty ordained the order in each heaven. This order for the atom is the number of objects in each heaven and the number starts from one object in the first heaven to 114 objects in all seven heavens. The reason for stating that the number of objects in atomic orbital should have a maximum number of 114 is the correlation between the way of Allah (God) Almighty in creation and the order in which the Noble Qur’an is revealed which contains 114 chapters (sorah). It is worth mentioning that the atoms created in their original form should have a maximum of 114 objects in their heavens and this does not apply to hybrid atoms which are fed objects in their heavens using various techniques.

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9. Energy within the seven heavens of the atom
The seven heavens do not only contain objects that are described as lamps and protectors (maintaining the integrity of the atom) but also as stated in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Thariat:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 7. By the heavens which have weaved ropes and paths within it. That the heavens contain weaved ropes and since the way of Allah (God) Almighty in creation is constant which reflects the oneness in the Creator Allah Almighty, then the heavens of the atoms should contain energy weaved ropes in it. This conclusion could be thought of as the seven heavens of the atom having a fabric composed of weaved ropes of energy organized in a hexagonal arrangement lengthwise and widthwise, and within this fabric the objects which are lamps and protectors perform orbital motion.

10. Stability of the atom
Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an that His creation is in a state of balance. In sorat Al-Hijr:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 19. And the earth Allah (God) Almighty has spread and placed therein objects that stabilize its crust (i.e. mountains) and He has grown in it from everything in a perfect state of balance. It is stated that everything in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is in a state of balance. Balance is a main feature in the creation of Allah (God)
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Almighty. Thus the atom should be in a state of balance which means that since the objects in the heavens of the atom are performing orbital motion then the forces acting on these objects in the radial direction should be equal in magnitude and opposite in direction as shown in figure M10-1.

Force (2) Object in the heaven of the atom

Figure M10-1: Balance of the atom

Force (1) Direction of orbital motion

Nucleus

The two forces shown in figure M10-1 are acting on the objects in the heavens of the atom. Force (1) represents the pulling force on the orbiting object due to atomic weaved ropes in the heavens of the atom trying to pull the object towards the nucleus and force (2) is the outward centrifugal force trying to drive the object away from the nucleus out of its orbit. For the atom to be in state of balance and stability as described in the Noble Qur’an then these two forces must be equal in magnitude and opposite in direction. Thus
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it can be concluded that the energy responsible for the stability of the atom is the gravitational force resulting from the action of atomic weaved ropes in the heavens of the atom.

11. Absorption of energy by matter
One can conclude from the Noble Qur’an that the energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is composed of weaved ropes vibrating at certain frequencies. Taking the case where these weaved ropes of energy are incident on matter which is in turn composed of atoms having objects with the shape of a wick of an oil lamp orbiting the nucleus. In this case energy will be absorbed by matter. More precisely energy will be absorbed by the objects orbiting the nucleus. Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an that He created everything in a perfect state in sorat Al-Naml:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 88. And you see the mountains and you think it is standing still whereas it is passing by like clouds. The manufacturing of Allah (God) Almighty who perfected everything. He is All-Knower about what you do. Thus it can be concluded from the Noble Qur’an that energy absorption should occur with no loss. For this to occur, there should be a perfect match between the structure of the incident weaved rope which can be expressed by the frequency of the weaved rope which defines the locations of the hills and valleys in the structure of the weaved rope and between the locations of the hills and valleys in the structure of the objects orbiting the nucleus which has the shape of a wick of an oil lamp as shown in figure M11-1.

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Incident weaved rope (energy structure)

+

Structure of the object orbiting the nucleus

Increased amplitude of vibrations of the object orbiting the nucleus (seen as an increase in the amplitude of hills and valleys of the ropes (i.e. more tension in the ropes comprising the structure of the objects orbiting the nucleus of the atom))

Figure M11-1: Perfect absorption of energy by matter.

This state of energy absorption with no loss can be termed as resonance energy absorption. Thus the Noble Qur’an contains the full explanation for resonance phenomenon.

12. The energy that drives the objects in the heavens of the atom
The objects in the heavens of the atom are performing orbital motion; and for this to happen the objects need a source of energy. The question now is about the source of this energy? The answer is found in the Noble Qur’an where Allah (God) Almighty describes vibrational energy as the energy that drives the growth in His creation (i.e. vibration in a bio medium which provides the energy for its growth). Taking this concept and applying it to the objects orbiting the nucleus of the atom, it becomes clear that the energy that drives their active state (analogues to growth) must be vibrations in their structure.
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Since these objects have a shape similar to the wick of an oil lamp; the vibrations of their structure will be similar to vibrating strings and water waves as shown in figure M12-1.

Vibrations within the structure of the object orbiting the nucleus provides the energy for its movement Figure M12-1: Vibrations of the objects orbiting the nucleus of the atom.

The energy of the objects orbiting the nucleus can be increased by increasing the amplitude of their vibrations. This can be achieved by an incident energy weaved rope (the basic building block of all energy) from an electric, magnetic, or thermal, etc. energy source. Incident energy weaved ropes will cause an increase in the amplitude of the vibrations of the object orbiting the nucleus by resonance energy absorption (i.e. perfect match between the frequency of incident energy weaved ropes and the frequency of the structure of the objects orbiting the nucleus). An increase in the amplitude of the vibrations of the objects orbiting the nucleus will cause an increase in their kinetic energy, thus increasing their orbiting speed. Likewise, taking away energy from the orbiting objects will cause a decrease in their kinetic energy which will lower their orbiting speed. An increase in the speed of the objects orbiting the nucleus will increase the spinning speed of the nucleus, and a decrease in their speed will decrease the spin of the nucleus.

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13. Radial movement of the objects in the heavens of the atom
Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an that He knows what enters the earth; what comes forth from it; what descends in the heavens and what ascends to them in sorat Saba:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 2. He knows that which goes into the earth and that which comes forth from it, and that which descend from the heaven and that which ascends to it. And He is the Most Merciful, the Off-Forgiving. Allah (God) Almighty describes the movement in the heavens as objects ascending to, and descending from them. Thus the objects in the heavens of the atom should be able to perform radial motion descending to a lower heaven and ascending to a higher one. Thus the objects in the heavens of the atom perform an orbital motion in addition to the ability to descend and ascend between the heavens as deduced from the Noble Qur’an. For an object orbiting the nucleus in the first heaven to ascend to the second heaven it needs energy. And as stated in the Noble Qur’an; the energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is in the form of vibrations. Thus the object needs to absorb vibrating energy weaved ropes to increase its kinetic energy, thereby increasing its orbiting speed which results in a larger centrifugal force. However, due to this increase in the orbiting speed the spinning speed of the nucleus will also increase resulting in more gravitational weaved ropes linking the object orbiting the nucleus to the nucleus. The nucleus remains stable after the resonant absorption of incident

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energy since the increase in the centrifugal force is met by an increase in the gravitational pull on the object orbiting he nucleus. In a similar manner, if an object orbiting the nucleus in the second heaven loses some of its vibratory energy, its kinetic energy will decrease resulting in a decrease in the orbiting speed of the object which will cause a decrease in the spinning speed of the nucleus which in turn will reduce the gravitational weaved ropes emanating from it and thus the pull on the object orbiting the nucleus also decreases resulting in a stable configuration for the atom.

14. Are the objects in the heavens of the atom matter or energy?
The question arises to whether the objects orbiting the nucleus are matter or energy? The answer can be found in the Noble Qur’an where Allah (God) Almighty describes the objects in the heavens as matter having the shape of a wick of an oil lamp. Thus the answer to the question is that these objects are matter having the shape of waves. The objects in the heavens of the atom can behave as particles since they are matter and can behave as waves due to their wavy structure.

15. Stable configuration of the atom
Allah (God) Almighty created the atoms in stable configurations. Each atom is in a state of balance between the weight of the nucleus, its spin, number of objects in the heavens of the atom, and their orbital speed. Let us take as an example an atom having one object in its heaven which is termed hydrogen atom. The mass of the nucleus is in just the right weight so that when the object in the heaven of the atom starts performing orbital motion there is a balance between the pull of atomic gravity weaved ropes produced due to the

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spinning of the nucleus and the centrifugal force resulting from the orbital motion of the object in the heaven of the atom. Every atom will attempt to maintain this balance by giving away the absorbed energy or harnessing energy from the environment (if energy is taken away from the object in the heaven of the nucleus).

16. The orbiting speed of the objects in the heavens of the atom
The question now arises whether all the objects in the heavens of the atom have the same orbiting speed or different speeds? The answer is to be found in the Noble Qur’an where it has been established that the energy that governs the dynamics of the atom is gravitational energy in the form of weaved ropes emanating due to the spinning of the nucleus. Figure M16-1 shows a plot for the density of these ropes. Which shows that the density of these ropes is highest in the first heaven. Thus an object in the first heaven will be subjected to a larger number of atomic gravity weaved ropes which cause it to feel a stronger pulling force towards the nucleus. For this object to be stable (as it is the way of Allah (God) Almighty in creation) it should have a faster orbiting speed to generate a larger centrifugal force to counterbalance the gravity force. Likewise an object in the seventh heaven of the atom will experience a smaller number of gravity ropes; thus its speed will be lower in order to generate a centrifugal force in the right amount to counterbalance the gravitational pull. Table 1 shows a comparison between the orbiting speeds of the objects in the heavens of the atom as deduced from the Noble Qur’an.

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Table 1: Comparison between the orbiting speeds of objects in the heavens of the atom. Objects in the heavens of the atom Object in first heaven Object in second heaven Orbiting speed V1 (Highest) V2 < V1 (Velocity (V2) is less than the velocity of the first object (V1))

Object in seventh heaven

V7 (Lowest) V7<V6<V5<V4<V3<V2<V1
Trajectories of gravity weaved ropes

Figure M16-1: Spatial distribution of the trajectories of atomic gravity weaved ropes.

17. The importance of the weight of the atom
Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an that not even the weight of an atom is hidden from Him in the earth and the heavens. When Allah (God)

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Almighty states a promise in the Noble Qur’an with a reference to a certain object such as the weight of an atom the object linked with the promise of Allah (God) Almighty is always of paramount importance. It will become clear Allah (God) willing that the weight of the atom governs all of the properties of atoms and their mechanics. It is worth noticing that Allah (God) Almighty linked the weight of the atom when describing the atom and not any other property like its shape, color, etc. Thus it can be concluded that the weight of the atom is the most importance property that governs atomic dynamics. The importance of the weight of the atom can be stated in the following points: 1. Stability of the atom: The weight of the nucleus is in just the right amount such that as the nucleus spins it generates gravity weaved ropes in the right number to generate a pull on the objects orbiting the nucleus which is equal to the centrifugal force trying to push the objects out of their orbit. 2. Atomic bonding: Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Baqara:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 256. There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in the lies of Satan and believes in Allah (God) Almighty, then he has grasped the most
57

fixed knot that will never break. And Allah (God) Almighty is All-Hearer, All-Knower. In this verse Allah (God) Almighty describes the bond that is created in His creation either spiritual or physical bond is like the tightening of ropes to create a knot. Thus it can be concluded that the bonds between atoms to construct matter is what Allah (God) Almighty describes as knots created by linking of ropes as shown in figure M17-1.
Gravity ropes from the first atom

Gravity ropes from the second atom

Knot created by linking of gravity ropes of the atoms

Figure M17-1: Atomic bonding between two atoms by the creation of knots between atomic gravity weaved ropes of each atom.

Atomic gravity weaved ropes are arranged in a hexagonal pattern which means that every knot that is created between atoms has a minimum of three ropes involved in its creation. The heavier the atom is, the more gravity ropes there are in its heavens and thus when this atom links with another the knot
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will be stronger because of the increased number of gravity weaved ropes involved in making the knot. Once a knot is created as described in the Noble Qur’an it will be strong and stable such that it will resist any force that attempts to break it such as a tensile force trying to pull the two atoms apart. The resistance to the tensile force trying to break the knot can be understood by saying that a certain amount of force is needed to break the link between atomic gravity weaved ropes involved in making the atomic bond. 3. The amount and rate of energy flow from and to the atom A heavy atom indicates that the number of electrons orbiting its nucleus is large and the size of the nucleus is large as well. The large number of orbiting weaved ropes means that the atom can harness many of the incident energy weaved ropes and thus a material made up of heavy atoms can absorb large amounts of incident energy. Similarly heavy atoms can give off large amounts of energy due to the large numbers of orbiting weaved ropes (i.e. electrons). The rate of energy flow (i.e. number of energy weaved ropes per unit time) to and from the atom depends mainly on the weight of the atom. Such that heavy atoms give off large number of energy weaved ropes compared to light atoms and thus if the rate of energy flow to and from light and heavy atoms is measured then heavy atoms will generate larger energy flow rates compared to light atoms.

18. The flow of matter
It is stated in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Ghafir:

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The translation of the above verse (s) is: 7. Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allah (God) Almighty) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah (God)) (saying): "Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent and follow Your Way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire. That the mercy of Allah (God) Almighty is the basis of His creation such that the requirements to achieve mercy are the basic specifications for the creation of Allah (God) Almighty. As a mercy requirement matter should flow along the easiest path. This conclusion is further strengthened in the verse in sorat Al-Nahl:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 69. "Then, eat of all fruits, and follow the ways of your Lord made easy (for you)." There comes forth from their bellies, a drink of varying color wherein is healing for men. Verily, in this is indeed a sign for people who think.

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Which states that the Almighty made the ways of the bees easy for them. Linking this verse with the one that states that the way of Allah (God) Almighty is constant, thus it can be concluded that matter should always flow along the easiest path. The question now arises as to the definition of the easiest path for the flow of matter. The answer to this question is found in the Noble Qur’an by linking the following verses. The first being the one that states that Allah (God) Almighty created everything in a predetermined measures in sorat AlFurqan:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 2. He (Allah (God) Almighty) to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Who has begotten no son (children or offspring) and for Whom there is no partner in the dominion. He has created everything, and has measured it exactly according to its due measurements. Applying this to the distribution of matter which is known to have a hexagonal distribution pattern as concluded from the previous discussion, the predetermined measures in this case are the distances between atoms comprising the hexagonal structure of matter. This predetermined measure all matter strives to maintain it. Thus the easy path for matter is the one that keeps the distances between the atoms at the predetermined measure (i.e. the distances on which matter was created) such that no squeezing of the atoms occurs. For example if a stream of atoms is flowing within a conduit and it reaches a branch where the area of one side of the branch is two thirds that of the inlet

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and the other side is one third the area of the inlet then the mercy mechanism integrated in the creation of matter in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty necessitates that two thirds of the quantity of the atoms flow within the branch whose area is two thirds that of the inlet because in this case no squeezing of the distances between the atoms will occur. Thus the stream of atoms can sense the easy path by the squeezing of the atoms and so the path that does not reduce the distances between adjacent atoms is seen as an easy path for the flow of matter. The example given here is shown graphically in figure M18-1.

Figure M18-1: Mercy mechanism in the flow of matter in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty.

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Derivation of the law that governs the flow of energy and matter in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty The law that governs the flow of energy and matter when branching occurs can be derived from the verse 69 in sorat Al-Nahl which states that Allah (God) Almighty made His creation to follow the easy paths laid down form them. Thus energy and matter will flow along the easiest paths which are the paths that do not distort the hexagonal structural arrangement of energy and matter. This distortion can occur due to various reasons such as, if the path compresses the energy or matter that flows within it or if the path skews the arrangement of the atoms. Referring to figure M18-1 the ratio upon which the flow divides when branching occurs is composed of two main ratios; the first being the ratio due to the squeezing of the hexagonal structure of matter and energy. This ratio is mainly determined by the change in the cross sectional area which the matter and energy see. The flow divides proportionally to this ratio. The second ratio is due to the distortion that the conduit introduces to the hexagonal pattern of matter and energy. The flow divides inversely proportional to the second ratio. In mathematical terms the above discussion is shown below:
Ratio governing flow division = Ratio due to squeezing × 1 Ratio due to distortion Area of branch 1 = × Re sis tan ce of branch Area of inlet Re sis tan ce of inlet Area of branch Re sis tan ce of inlet = × Area of inlet Re sis tan ce of branch

Applying the above equation to the case shown in figure M18-1, the ratio of inlet flow entering branch 1 is given by:

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Ratio of flow entering branch 1 = Ratio of flow entering branch 2 =

A1 Rinlet × A in R1 A2 Rinlet × A in R2

The resistance of the path stated in the above equations can be a resistance due to friction, fluidic friction, electrical, magnetic, etc. Example: Suppose that the area of the inlet branch (Ain) = 1 m2 , the area of branch 1 (A1) =
2 2 1 m , area of branch 2 = m 2 , resistance of inlet branch (Rin) 3 3

= 1, resistance of branch 1 (R1) = 2, and the resistance of branch 2 (R2) = 0.5. Calculate the ratio of the flow of matter or energy governing the flow of matter and energy in branch 1 and 2? Answer: The flow through the first branch can be calculated as follows:
2 A R 1 1 Ratio of flow in branch 1 = 1 × in = 3 × = A in R1 1 2 3

The above ratio indicates that one third of the flow will go in branch 1. The ratio of the flow through the second branch is given by:
1 A R 1 2 Ratio of flow in branch 2 = 2 × in = 3 × = A in R2 1 0.5 3

Which means that two thirds of the flow will go in branch 2.

19. How to derive the laws that govern energy and matter in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty from the Noble Qur’an
Allah (God) Almighty states that He has disseminated, explained, and detailed everything in His creation in full in sorat Al-Isra:

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The translation of the above verse (s) is: 12. And Allah (God) Almighty has appointed the night and the day as two signs. Then, Allah (God) Almighty has made dark the sign of the night while He has made the sign of day illuminating, that you may seek bounty from your Lord, and that you may know the number of the years and mathematics. And Allah (God) Almighty has disseminated, explained, and detailed everything in full. From the above verse it can be concluded that everything in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is governed by a law. This law disseminates and details the behavior of the system. The basic technique to derive laws that govern any phenomenon in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is given in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Rahman:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 7. And the heaven He has raised high, and He has set up the Balance. Also it is stated in the Noble Qur’an that everything in the creation of the Almighty is in a state of balance. Thus from these verses it can be concluded that all the inputs to a system must equal all the outputs from it for the system to be in a state of balance. For example if the input to a system is in the form of mechanical vibrations then the sum of the outputs which could be mechanical vibrations, thermal energy, acoustic energy, etc. must equal the

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amount of energy contained in the input to the system for the system to be in a state of balance. This is shown graphically in figure M19-1.

Sum of inputs to the system

System

Sum of outputs from the system

Figure M19-1: The method to derive any law that governs any phenomenon in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty.

The factors that affect the relationship between the input and output can be thought of as the weight that balances the two sides of the scale as shown in figure M19-2.

Figure M19-2: Basic technique to derive laws governing various phenomena from the Noble Qur’an. 66

The technique shown graphically in figure M19-2 to derive the laws that govern any phenomenon in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty can be explained as follows: Firstly the input(s) to a system and output(s) are identified, and then the parameters affecting the output are placed on the side of the scale containing the input(s) to the system. If the parameter increases the output then it is placed in the numerator and if it decreases the output it is placed in the denominator such that if a parameter increases the output by say 10% and a parameter decreases the output by 5% then dividing these two parameters results in a net increase in the output which is equal to 5%. The basic premise of this technique is that once a phenomenon is fully understood then the parameters linking the output to the input can be fully identified and the relationship between these parameters can be established.

20. The concept of a constant and variable energy fields
Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an that He created every living thing from water. Thus matter and energy will flow in a similar manner to the flow of water. Thus to understand the flow of energy it is necessary to study the flow of water. With respect to the flow of water; water can flow with a constant flux which means that water molecules which are arranged in a hexagonal pattern flow at a constant rate while keeping in mind that each water molecule is performing a vibratory motion similar to the vibrations of a string. This constant rate does not mean that water is continuous but rather it means that it is discrete (discrete molecules) flowing at a constant speed. Water also can flow at a variable speed such as water waves in the ocean resulting from wind energy. Such that according to the speed of the wind the speed of the flow of water molecules can vary.

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Energy behaves in exactly a similar manner to that of water. Such that energy flux can flow with constant and variable speed. Keeping in mind that energy is always discrete and the constant and variable rates of energy flow represent the number of energy packets (quanta) crossing a certain distant in a given unit of time. This discussion is illustrated graphically in figure M201.

Figure M20-1: Constant and variable rates of energy flow.

21. Why atoms take in and give off energy (thermal, electrical, acoustic, etc.)?
Allah (God) Almighty created everything in a predetermined state as stated in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Furqan:

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The translation of the above verse (s) is: 2. He (Allah (God) Almighty) to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Who has begotten no son (children or offspring) and for Whom there is no partner in the dominion. He has created everything, and has measured it exactly according to its due measurements. Also Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an the following regarding His creation in sorat Al-Rum:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 30. So set you (O Muhammad SAW) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone). Allah's Fitrah (i.e. Allah's creation state which He has created humans upon). There is no alteration in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty, that is the valued religion, but most of people do not know. In the above Qur’anic verse Allah (God) Almighty states that He has created His creation in a state which can be best described as a creation state. Then Allah (God) Almighty describes that there can not be any alteration in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty. The creation state for any creature consists of the design, function, energy levels, color, and other parameters which describe the creature. In order to ensure that there are no alterations in creation, Allah (God) Almighty integrated certain mechanisms into all of His creatures such that if
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a certain parameter is altered these mechanisms will start to function in order to return the parameter to the value it was created in. For example if there is excess energy in the creature (i.e. more than the energy level the creature was created in) then these mechanisms will ensure that the creature gives off the extra energy to return to the creation state. These predetermined states of the atoms can be understood as that atoms have creation states with certain predetermined parameters such as:
a. Vibration amplitude and frequency for weaved ropes (i.e. electrons)

orbiting the nucleus: Allah (God) Almighty when He created the atom gave each weaved rope orbiting the nucleus a predetermined vibrational amplitude and frequency which in turn determine the orbiting speed of the electron and the centrifugal force trying to derive the electron out of its orbit.
b. Rotational speed for the nucleus of the atom: The nucleus of the atom is

given a predetermined rotational speed which determines the vibrational amplitude and frequency of atomic gravity weaved ropes within the heavens of the atom. This in turn determines the pulling force the nucleus exerts on the orbiting electrons. There is a perfect state of balance between the pulling force of the nucleus and the centrifugal force of orbiting electrons such that the pulling force is equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to the centrifugal force of orbiting electrons. Atoms are always striving to maintain these creation or reference states such that:
-

If there is an increase in the vibratory energy of the electrons then this would cause an increase in the orbiting speed of the electron and an increase in the centrifugal force. This would cause an increase in the rotational speed of the nucleus due to the exchange of atomic gravity

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weaved ropes between the electron and the nucleus. The increase in the rotational speed of the nucleus causes an increase in the vibrational energy of atomic gravity weaved ropes emanating from it which causes an increase in the pulling force of the nucleus on orbiting electrons. Thus the atom remains stable. However, atoms always strive to return to the creation state which necessitates that the orbiting electrons give off the excess energy (excess compared to the creation state) and return to the creation state. Likewise, if energy is taken away from the atoms by cooling for example then the atoms will strive to gain energy weaved ropes to return to the creation state.
-

If there is a loss in the electrons orbiting the nucleus of the atom then the atom will strive to gain an electron to go back to the reference or creation state. Likewise, if there is an extra electron in the heavens of the atom, the atom will strive to lose this electron to go back to the reference state.

-

If a material is acted upon by a compressive force then the atoms will cause a reaction force equal in magnitude to the applied force and opposite in direction (i.e. a tensile force) in order to restore atomic spatial distances, organization, and to maintain the creation state. Likewise, if the material is acted upon by a tensile (pulling) force then the material will respond by generating a compressive force within the material to counteract the applied force in order to return to the creation state.

22. Balance of the lattice structure of materials
Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an that His creation is in a continues state of balance. Thus the lattice structure of materials should be in a state of balance. From the knowledge presented so far from the Noble

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Qur’an it is known that atoms link to each other using their atomic gravity weaved ropes which causes an attractive force between the atoms. The attractive force between the atoms comprising the lattice structure of materials is balanced by an equal and opposite force which results from the magnetic field generated due to the spinning of the nuclei of the atoms. Such that the north and south poles of neighboring atoms repel each other and thus this force works in an opposite direction to the pulling of atomic gravity weaved ropes as shown in figure M22-1.

Organization of atoms Organization utilizing the interaction of atomic magnetic fields
S N N
Repulsive force due to atomic magnetic field

S

S N Representation of atomic magnetic fields
Attractive force due to atomic gravity weaved ropes

Organization of atoms is equilateral triangular arrangement

Figure M22-1: Balance between repulsive and attractive forces of atoms in a crystalline lattice.

An increase in the weight of the atom means more atomic gravity weaved ropes (i.e. larger pulling force between the atoms). This force is balanced by an increased generation of atomic magnetic fields which leads to a larger magnetic repulsive force between the atoms and thus the crystalline lattice remains in a state of balance.

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Similarly a decrease in the weight of the atom results in a smaller attractive force between the atoms and a smaller magnetic repulsive force, which results in a stable configuration for the crystalline lattice.

The ability of the law of everything as derived from the Noble Qur’an to explain and predict the outcome of observed phenomena Gravitation ( )

1. Understanding how gravitational energy interacts with matter (i.e. the phenomenon of gravity)
Observations:
1. Objects on the earth feel an attractive force pulling them towards the

earth.
2. Force is needed to work against gravity in order to lift weights. 3. The attractive force an object feels due to gravity depends on the mass of

the object and the mass of the planet. Such that the gravitational pull on the object increases with the increase in its mass and/or the mass of the plant.
4. The attractive force an object feels due to gravity depends on the distance

between the object and the planet, such that the gravitational pull decreases as the distance between the object and planet increases.

Explanation of observed phenomena from the Noble Qur’an: Explanation for the above observations is found in the law of everything as derived from the Noble Qur’an as follows:

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Explanation for observation number 1: Energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is composed of weaved ropes being able to develop tension between objects. Thus the attractive force an object feels on earth is due to the gravity ropes existing between the object and the earth pulling the object towards earth and the earth towards the object. Explanation for observation number 2: Regarding the observation that force is needed to life weights and in general energy is needed to work against gravity this can be explained by the fact that energy weaved ropes comprising the fabric of gravitational energy exert tension on the object within the sphere of gravitational energy and such a pulling force develops between the object and the earth. Thus to move an object in a direction opposite to that of the pulling gravitational force external energy is needed. Such that if the density of energy weaved ropes of the external energy is equal to the density of gravitational weaved ropes then the object will be held in equilibrium in a fixed position and if the density of the external energy is larger than gravity then the object will move towards the source of the external energy. The example is now given to the force produced from the activation of skeletal muscles. Such that when skeletal muscles are activated they produce energy in the form of weaved ropes opposing those generated by gravity and in this case two cases can occur which are: a. Muscle force is equal and opposite to gravity ropes: in this case the weight is held in space in a fixed position. b. Muscle force is larger and opposing gravity ropes: in this case the weight will be lifted against the action of gravity.

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Explanation for observation number 3: If the mass of the object increases this will result in more gravity ropes being harnesses by the object and thus it will feel a larger attractive force by the earth as shown in figure P1-1.

Figure P1-1: Attractive pull of gravitational energy on an object placed in its field.

The increase in the mass of the plant generating gravitational weaved ropes will increase the density of weaved ropes and thus increasing the attractive force an object placed in the gravitational field experiences due to the increase in the number of weaved ropes in a given volume of space. Explanation for observation number 4: As the object is placed further from the center of the earth the attractive force it feels will decrease. This can be explained by referring to figure P1-2 where the density of gravity weaved ropes is shown such that as the distance between the energy source and the object increases the density of gravity

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weaved ropes decreases and thus the number of gravity weaved ropes acting on the object will be reduced which will result in a reduction in the value of the attractive force the object feels.

Figure P1-2: Variation of gravitational force as the distance of the object from the energy source changes.

Derivation of the law that governs the phenomenon of gravity from the Noble Qur’an: As explained earlier the methodology to derive any law that governs a phenomenon in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is to construct a scale where on one side the input is placed and on the other the output. The input should be equal to the output as deduced from the Noble Qur’an such that the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is in a state of balance. The factors that affect the input are then evaluated whether they increase the output of a system and in this case they are placed in the numerator and if they decrease the output then they are placed in the dominator. Applying this
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procedure to the phenomenon of gravity the law that governs this phenomenon can be deduced and is shown below:

The first form of the law that governs the phenomenon of gravity is given as:
FOn object = N × FSingle gravitational weaved rope ......................... (1) Where : N the number of gravity weaved ropes acting on the object

However, the number of gravitational weaved ropes acting on the object is a function of a number of parameters which are, firstly the mass of the object and the mass of the planet such that an increase in either or both would result in more gravitational energy weaved ropes acting on the object placed in the gravitational field of the planet. Secondly, the distance between the object and the planet such that an increase in this distance would result in a reduction in the number of gravity weaved ropes acting on the object. Thus the number of gravity weaved ropes can be given by the following equation:

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N=

mobject × m planet d

......................... (2)

Where: mobject Mass of the object mplanet Mass of the planet d Distance between the object and planet

Substituting equation (2) into (1) the following equation results:
Fon object = mobject × m planet d × Fsin gle gravitational energy weaved rope

The force generated from a single gravitational energy weaved rope which is equal to its pulling force depends mainly on the vibrational energy of the rope, which is determined mainly by the frequency and amplitude of the vibrating strings within the weaved rope as shown in figure P1-3.

Large pulling force due to large amplitude of vibrations of energy weaved ropes

Small pulling force due to small amplitude of vibrations of energy weaved ropes Figure P1-3: Vibrations of energy weaved ropes and resulting pulling force. 78

2.

The relationship between mass and shape

The definite relationship between the mass of an object and its shape. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: The mass of an object is the summation of the masses of the atoms of which the object is composed of.
mobject = ∑ matom , where n = number of atoms
n =1 n

Each individual atom has seven heavens in which there are atomic gravity weaved ropes. These ropes create a knot with the ropes generated from the earth and thus each individual atom in the object feels an attractive pull towards the earth. The sum of earth weaved ropes acting on the atoms of the object comprises the total number of earth gravity weaved ropes acting on the object. Figure P2-1 shows a model for an atom being acted upon by the gravity weaved ropes emanating from the earth.

Outward centrifugal force

Pulling force towards the earth

Model for the atom

Earth gravity weaved ropes

Figure P2-1: Interaction of earth’s gravity weaved ropes with an individual atom.

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If the pulling force acting on the atom is equal to the centrifugal force then the atom will be held in space in that location. Figure P2-2 shows a model for the interaction of a collection of atoms with the gravity weaved ropes emanating from the earth. As seen in figure P2-2 this interaction results in the formation of a weaved net of gravity ropes which generates an energy skeleton working on the object.

Figure P2-2: Interaction of earth’s gravity weaved ropes with a collection of atoms within an object.

The number of gravity weaved ropes acting on an object is equal to its weight and that is independent of the size of the object, which means that the atoms comprising the object can be stretched or squeezed however the number of gravity ropes acting on the object will be same, since this depends solely on the number of atoms of the object. The shape of the object dictates the shape of the weaved net of gravity ropes acting on the object (i.e. it dictates the shape of the energy skeleton working

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on the object). Comparing figure P2-2 with figure P2-3, the effect of changing the distances between the atoms can be seen such that the shape of the network of gravity weaved ropes acting on the atoms changes.

Figure P2-3: The effect of changing the distances between the atoms on the distribution of gravity weaved ropes.

Thus it can be concluded that the gravity pull on an object is determined by the number of atoms comprising the object and the shape of the object determines the shape of the network of gravity weaved ropes acting on the object.
3.

Perfect match between the stability of the earth and that of the atom

The observation: Objects on the face of the earth are stable with the existence of a rotational motion of the earth which generates a centrifugal force that attempts to push these objects out of orbit. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Talaq that He is able to do all things and that He has encompassed everything in knowledge:

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The translation of the above verse (s) is: 12. Allah (God) Almighty Who created seven heavens and from the earth likewise. The matter descends among them such that you know that Allah (God) Almighty is able to do all things and that Allah (God) Almighty has encompassed everything in knowledge. As a sign of the mercy of Allah (God) Almighty that He shows humans signs that testifies to the truthfulness of Allah (God) Almighty words. One of this signs is that the mechanisms governing the stability of the objects in the heavens of the atom are the same mechanisms governing the stability of the objects in the heavens of the earth. This sign shows that ability of Allah (God) Almighty to create two worlds with the same mechanisms, whereas one of these worlds is something that can not be seen by the human eye and the other is larger than the size of the mountains. In figure P3-1 the mass labeled mass 1 lays in the heavens of the earth and thus it is linked to the earth by the action of gravity weaved ropes. Due to the rotation of the earth, mass 1 rotates with the same angular velocity as that of the earth due to the weaved ropes connecting mass 1 to the mass of the earth. As a result of the angular rotation of mass 1 it experiences a centrifugal force which would result in a force trying to push the object out of the earth’s heavens. At the same time the object feels an attractive force pulling it towards the earth. The magnitude of this force is directly proportional to the mass of the object (i.e. the mass of the atoms comprising the object) which determines the number of gravity weaved ropes which will be pulling on the object.

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Line of action of centrifugal force

Line of action of gravity weaved ropes

Figure P3-1: Balance between gravity weaved ropes and centrifugal force.

Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur'an that He has created everything in predetermined measures and in this regard the pre-determined measures are the rotational speed of the earth which generates the centrifugal force on the objects experiencing gravity weaved ropes of the earth, the mass of the earth which dictates the number of gravity weaved ropes emanating from it, and the mass of the objects within the sky such as air components (Nitrogen, Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, etc.). The predetermined measures for the above components create a perfect balance between the centrifugal force experienced by oxygen for example and its weight, rotational speed of the earth, and the mass of the earth. Such that oxygen remains at certain levels within the sky. Thus Allah (God) Almighty dictated the above parameters such that every object on the earth and within its sky is in a perfect state of balance between the previously mentioned parameters such that it maintains a certain elevation. This fact is mentioned in the Noble Qur'an it is stated that Allah (God) Almighty created everything in a state of balance, in sorat Al-Hijr:

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The translation of the above verse (s) is: 19. And the earth Allah (God) Almighty has spread it out and placed there is anchors (such as mountains) and brought forth from it everything in a perfect state of balance. The perfect state of balance of the objects on the earth and within the sky is exactly analogues to the state of balance between the weaved ropes (i.e. electrons) orbiting the nucleus and the nucleus. Such that Allah (God) Almighty for the Hydrogen atom for example created it in predetermined measures which are the mass of its nucleus, its rotational speed, and the mass of the electron orbiting it, which results in a perfect state of balance between the centrifugal force acting on the electron and the number of atomic gravity weaved ropes acting on it. This analogy between an object which is thousand of meters in diameter (i.e. the earth) and an object which can not be seen by the naked eye and has dimensions in the order of 10-9 of a meter is a testimony to the ability of Allah (God) Almighty to do anything. As Allah (God) almighty states in the Noble Qur'an in verse 12 of sorat Al-Talaq that He shows you His signs such that you are certain that He is able to do anything.

4. The concept of the center of gravity
The observation: In current engineering sciences a point is defined which is called the center of gravity. The practical use of this point is that the mass of the complete object from a dynamical point of view could be considered to be located at this point. It is worth mentioning that no explanation for the physical nature of the center of gravity in any engineering textbook. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an:

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Allah (God) Almighty gives the believers in the Noble Qur’an the best of science that is the science that explains every single aspect regarding any phenomenon in the creation of the Almighty. From the understanding given in this book from the Noble Qur'an regarding the interaction of energy weaved ropes and matter it is possible to construct the energy skeleton which is formed due to the interaction of gravity energy weaved ropes emanating from the earth and the atoms comprising the object. Figure P4-1 shows a model for three objects acted upon by gravity weaved ropes. It can be seen that there exists a plane (shown by the red line in figure P4-1), such that the pull of gravity weaved ropes (i.e. the number of gravity weaved ropes) on the right of is equal to the left.

5 gravity weaved ropes

5 gravity weaved ropes

Figure P4-1: Energy skeleton resulting from the interaction of energy and matter.

Also there is a plane perpendicular to the one shown in figure P4-1 which divides the energy skeleton into two halves; such that the pull of gravity on

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one of them is equal to the other. This plane can be visualized by rotation the geometrical object the three masses form by 90 degrees and examining the energy skeleton of gravity weaved ropes when this is done. This case is show in figure P4-2.

5 gravity weaved ropes

5 gravity weaved ropes

Figure P4-2: Energy skeleton resulting from the interaction of energy and matter (plane rotated 90 degrees).

The intersection of the two planes defines a point where the pull of gravity on the object is balanced. This point is called in current engineering sciences as the center of gravity. Thus from the Noble Qur'an the center of gravity is a point where the pull of gravity on its right is equal to the left in all planes. This is the physical meaning for this point which can not be found in any up to date engineering book.

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Structural (

)

1. Various types of atomic bonds
In water molecules oxygen atom which has 8 electrons in its heavens links with hydrogen atom which has 1 electron in its heavens. From the difference in the weights of the mentioned atoms it can be concluded that the pulling force of oxygen atom is larger than the pulling force generated from the hydrogen atom. Thus the electron orbiting the nucleus of the hydrogen atom will experience a large pulling force from the oxygen atom and so its orbit will become elliptical such that the electron will come closer to the oxygen atom. This will result in the fact that the oxygen atom will experience the effect of 8 electrons in addition to the slight effect of the shifted electron from the hydrogen atom resulting in the appearance in a slight negative charge on the oxygen atom. While as the hydrogen atom will have a slight positive charge. As seen, the mechanics of atomic bonding depends primarily on the weight of the atoms creating the atomic bond. The other type of atomic bonding that can occur is when the weight of both atoms is equal (i.e. having the same number of electrons). In this case there is no shift in the path of the orbiting electrons and thus the atoms will not show an increased or decreased charge due to the creation of the atomic bond.

2. The concept of stress The observation:
The concept of stress is commonly used in structural mechanics which is defined as the force applied on a material divided by the area perpendicular to the direction of the force.
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Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: It is stated in the law of everything that energy flows in packets organized in a hexagonal packing arrangement as shown in figure SP2-1. Energy density from the law of everything can be defined as follows:
Energy density = Number of energy weaved ropes Area perpendicular to flow direction

Energy density is now referred to as stress (σ), the number of energy weaved ropes is represented by the amount of the force (F), and the area perpendicular to flow direction (A).
σ=
F A

As the magnitude of the force applied to the material increases this means an increase in the number of energy weaved ropes thus the energy density increases. Likewise if the area through which energy weaved ropes flow decreases it will cause an increase in energy density. The energy density of mechanical force is what is referred to in structural mechanics as stress.
Energy flux within the material is proportional to: 1. Number of energy ropes )‫(الحبك‬ 2. The area containing the ropes Mechanical Energy

Energy packets

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Figure SP2-1: Transmission of energy packets within matter.

Energy weaved ropes cause mechanical displacements within the material they act upon. The law that governs the relationship between the stress applied on a material and the mechanical deformation a material experiences which is labeled as strain (ε) is derived as follows: The input to the system = Stress (σ) (i.e. density of energy weaved ropes) The output from a system = Strain (ε) The weight that makes the input to equal the output is the weight of the atoms. Such that a material composed of heavy atoms will have a large number of atomic gravity weaved ropes involved in atomic bonding and thus a stiff connection between the atoms. This results in low displacements upon the application of mechanical force upon the material.
σ =ε E

3. Density of materials
The observation: Some materials contain a larger number of atoms than others for the same volume of the material. This phenomenon is termed the density of a material. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: Allah (God) Almighty links the weight of the atom in the Noble Qur’an to the atom and not other properties such as color for example. This highlights the importance of the weight of the atom above all other properties. It turns out that the weight of the atom governs all of the mechanics of matter. A heavy atom will contain many weaved ropes in its heavens (orbits) and thus heavy atoms link together with a large number of atomic weaved ropes. This large number of connecting ropes will exert a large force on both atoms involved in creating the bond thus pulling them closer to each other. This
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closeness between the atoms will reduce the space the two atoms occupy which in turns allows more atoms to be packed in a given volume. The material which is composed of heavy atoms according to the explanation given from the Noble Qur’an should have high density. Light atoms on the other hand link with a small number of atomic weaved ropes, thus the pull on the atoms involved in the bond is weak which results in the fact that the two atoms occupy a large space which does not allow many atoms to be packed in a given volume. Thus light atoms should have low density. This is exactly what is observed from experiments as shown in table 2. Table 2: Density value for selected materials. (Callister, 1994) Material Main atom comprising the material Silver Molybdenum Copper Nickel Iron Titanium Aluminum Magnesium Ag Mo Cu Ni Fe Ti Al Mg 107.87 95.94 63.54 58.71 55.847 47.90 26.982 24.312 10490 10220 8940 8900 7870 4510 2710 1740 Atomic weight of the main atom Material density (kg/m3)

4. Stiffness of materials
The observation: Materials deform by different amounts due to an applied force. The quantity that defines this property is termed stiffness.

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Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: As stated in the law of everything that the weight of the atom is the most important property which governs its mechanics. The following comparison is made between two groups of atoms which would clarify the stiffness of various materials: a. The nucleus of light atoms such as aluminum which has an atomic weight of 26.98 will produce a small number of atomic gravity weaved ropes. A bond is created upon linking of these gravity weaved ropes with another atom but since the number of gravity weaved ropes for light atoms is low thus the bond strength will not be high. Which means that upon the application of external force the material will deform easily and thus this explains the low stiffness of materials made of light atoms and in this case the material is said to have low stiffness. b. The nucleus of heavy atoms such as Tungsten having an atomic weight of 98.91 will produce a large number of atomic gravity weaved ropes. Thus when a bond is created the number of linking ropes will be high and when an external force is applied, deformations of the material will be small and in this case the material is said to have high stiffness. The above example demonstrates that the stiffness of materials depends primarily on the weight of the atom. The heavier the atoms that make up the material the stiffer it will be. This is the physical mechanism of stiffness according to the Noble Qur’an. Derivation of the law governing the stiffness of materials from the Noble Qur’an:

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The input (s) to the system = The weight of the atoms (the parameters describing the result of the weight of the atoms is called Young’s modulus (E)) The output (s) from the system = Resistance to mechanical displacements (Stiffness of a structural member which is given the symbol k) The weights that make the input (s) equals the output (s): 1. Cross sectional areas of structural member (A): as the cross sectional area increases the density of energy weaved ropes decreases the thus mechanical deformations also decrease. 2. Length of structural member (L): as the length increases mechanical deformations also increase. Based on the above parameters the law governing the stiffness of a structural member is given as follows:
A ×E =k L

5. Fatigue of materials
The observations: 1. Materials under cyclic loading experience fatigue (i.e. large deformations and fractures) when the stress is above a certain value called the endurance limit.
2. If the stress is reduced below the endurance limit the material will not

fracture due to fatigue regardless of the number of load cycles. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: Matter in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is made up of atoms linked together by the linking of their gravity weaved ropes as shown in figure SP592

1. Such that when a tensile force is applied to a material two cases are possible, which are:
1. The value of the applied force causes breakage of the link between

gravity weaved ropes of the atoms within the material. In this case in each load cycle a certain number of gravity weaved ropes are torn which results in larger deformations and after a certain number of cycles all linking gravity weaved ropes are torn and material fracture occurs.
2. The second case is when the value of the applied force is not sufficient to

cause any tearing of linking atomic gravity weaved rope. Thus the material will not fracture due to cyclic loading and thus no fatigue will occur. These two cases are illustrated in figure SP5-2.

Weaved ropes connecting atoms ‫(والسماء ذات الحبك) صدقل العظيم‬ ‫ا‬ Atom 2

Atom 1

Figure SP5-1: Linking of atoms by atomic gravity weaved ropes.

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Atom A Atom B Stress σ1 < stress needed to break even 1 connecting rope - Thus regardless of number of load cycles, no fracture of the material will happen Atom A Stress σ2 causes 1 rope for example to break - Thus every cycle 1 rope breaks with increasing number of cycles, after a certain number of cycles all ropes will break and thus material will fracture Atom B

Thus stress σ1 if applied to the material won’t fracture it due to fatigue regardless of the number of cycles. While stress σ2 will cause fatigue fracture after a number of cycles.

Figure SP5-2: Fatigue of materials as explained from the Noble Qur’an

A curve representing the dynamics of fatigue can be deduced from the Noble Qur’an as follows: Step 1: The stress is plotted against the number of cycles as shown in figure SP5-3. Step 2: The trend of the relationship between the value of the stress and the number of cycles till fatigue occurs can be deduced from the law of everything such that a large value of stress indicates that the number of linking gravity weaved ropes torn in each cycle is large and thus the number of cycles to fatigue will be low in number. Likewise a small value of stress means that small number of linking gravity weaved ropes is torn in each load cycle and thus a large number of cycles is needed to cause fracture of the material due to fatigue. The resulting trend is shown in figure SP5-3. Step 3: There is a certain value of stress that will not cause any tearing in linking gravity weaved ropes indicated to in figure SP5-3.

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Fatigue S-N curve as deduced From the Noble Qur’an SQur’
Stress (Pa) (S)

Material won’t fracture due to fatigue if the applied stress is below this line Number of cycles to fracture (N)

Figure SP5-3: Fatigue S-N curve as deduced from the Noble Qur'an.

The curve describing fatigue mechanics as derived from the Noble Qur’an is compared with the curves representing material fatigue as found in standard engineering textbooks as shown in figure SP5-4.
Fatigue S-N curve as deduced SFrom the Noble Qur’an Qur’
Stress (Pa) (S)

Typical Fatigue S-N curve S-

Endurance limit Number of cycles to fracture (N)
http://www.dow.com/styron/design/guide/fatigue.htm

Figure SP5-4: Comparison between fatigue S-N curve as derived from the Noble Qur’an and typical curves found in standard engineering textbooks.

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6. Strength of matter
The observation: The ability of a material to resist the applied load prior to fracture is termed the strength of the material. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: As stated in the law of everything on how a bond is created. A bond is created by linking of atomic gravity weaved ropes from one atom with another thus a heavy atom will have more gravity weaved ropes in making the bond. Taking a heavy atom like Tungsten for example the bond that is created is very strong and thus the material containing Tungsten has a very high strength because large force is needed to break the large number of gravity weaved ropes making the atomic bond. A light atom like Aluminum for example needs a much lower force to break the bond due to the small number of linking atomic gravity weaved ropes between Aluminum atoms and thus the material that Aluminum is part of has a much lower strength than materials containing Tungsten.

7. Stress concentration phenomena
The observation: Stress concentration is the phenomenon of local increase in stress due to geometrical variations within a structure as shown in figure SP7-1 where local increase in stress is seen in the area labeled by the red circle. This local increase in stress is generated due to the reduction of the cross sectional area of the plate.

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Applied force

Stress concentration phenomena

Figure SP7-1: Stress concentration phenomena due to a reduction in cross sectional area.

Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: The phenomena of stress concentration can be explained fully from the Noble Qur’an where it has been established that any form of energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty flows in the form of energy weaved ropes following lines of action exactly like the flow of water in a channel. A reduction in the area of a structural member will cause a concentration of energy weaved ropes due to the curvature of the lines of action of these weaved ropes as shown in figure SP7-2.

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Transmission of Mechanical Energy
Mechanical Energy Mechanical Energy

Local increase in stress

Energy flux = Number of ropes / Area

The phenomena of stress concentration

Figure SP7-2: Explanation of stress concentration phenomenon from the Noble Qur’an.

The curvature of the line of action of energy weaved ropes will cause a local increase in the number of energy weaved ropes and thus an increase in the local value of stress. This is the physical mechanism for how stress concentration occurs.

8. Prediction of material behavior under load
How a material behaves under load is of major importance in engineering sciences since it is a main requirement in the design of load handling members. Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an that He did not leave anything out of the Noble Qur’an. Thus it can be concluded that a full description for the behavior of materials under load should be found in the Noble Qur’an and here is the method how: It is known from the Noble Qur’an that the weight of the atom governs all the mechanics of matter in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty. It is also known from the Noble Qur’an that atoms link together by linking of weaved ropes found in the heavens of the atoms which creates a bond between the
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atoms which could be thought of as a spring. Atoms also tend to stay in the state they where created in and so when a load is applied to a material the material resists the load by generating a force equal and opposite to the applied force. With regards to the magnitude of the applied force three stages could be identified in the response of materials, which are: Stage (1): The first stage is when the magnitude of the applied force is not large enough to cut any of the connecting weaved ropes between the atoms of the material. In this case the force the material resists the applied force with will increase in a proportional manner to the applied force and when the applied force is removed the material will return to its original undeformed shape as shown in figure SP8-1. Stage (2): In this stage the magnitude of the applied force is large enough to cause cutting of a number of weaved ropes connecting the atoms of the material. In this case the force the material resists the applied force with will decrease due to the reduced stiffness of the spring connecting the atoms of the material. In addition to this effect upon removal of the applied force the material will not return to its original undeformed shape which means that a residual strain will be seen in the material as shown in figure SP8-1. Stage (3): Upon increasing the magnitude of the applied force all weaved ropes connecting the atoms will be cut. This will cause the material to fracture as shown in figure SP8-1.

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Figure SP8-1: Load – deflection curve as predicted from the Noble Qur’an.

Load – deflection curve shown in figure 50 which was predicted from the Noble Qur’an is in perfect match with what is observed from experiments as shown in figure SP8-2.

Figure SP8-2: Typical load – deflection curve for a metal sample as found from experiments.

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9. Phenomenon of friction
The observation (s):
-

A force opposing the direction of motion is generated when two surfaces slide on each other. Light material has lower friction and lower opposing force for motion than heavy materials.

- Parts of the material are peeled off due to friction. This is seen sometimes as dust composed of the atoms comprising the material. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: The weight of the atom governs all of its dynamics and behavior and the phenomenon described here is no exception. Two cases are presented which will be used to explain the above phenomenon from the Noble Qur’an. Case 1: Two materials which are composed of heavy atoms are attempting to slide on each other as shown in figure SP9-1. Heavy atoms will have large number of atomic gravity weaved ropes and thus when two materials composed of these atoms attempt to slide on each other then a large number of gravity weaved rope of one material will link with the atomic gravity weaved rope of the other. This will necessitate a large applied force to break these linking ropes and causing the two materials to slide onto each other. Thus the phenomenon of friction results from the linking of atomic gravity weaved ropes of both materials and thus an applied force is needed to break the link of these weaved rope and initiate motion.

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Direction of motion

Direction of motion

Figure SP9-1: Explanation for the phenomenon of friction as derived from the Noble Qur’an.

Case 2: If a material made of heavy weight atoms attempts to slide on a material composed of light weight atoms. In this case a smaller number of atomic gravity weaved are involved in the sliding process between the two materials. Thus a smaller force is needed to break the linking gravity weaved ropes and initiate motion. The other observation regarding the peeling off some of the material due to friction can be explained by the fact that friction is due to the pulling force exchanged between the two materials due to their atomic gravity weaved ropes. This pulling force can cause some atoms or even complete lattice structures from one or both materials sliding onto each other to be peeled off. Derivation of the law that governs friction phenomenon from the Noble Qur’an: The input (s) to the system = Applied force perpendicular to the direction of motion (Fn)
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The output (s) from the system = force resisting motion (Ffriction) The weight that balances the system = weight of the atoms of the two materials sliding onto each other (called nowadays coefficient of friction (µ)). Such that as the weight of atoms increases the friction coefficient increases. Thus the weight of the atoms increases the output and should be placed in the numerator. The equation describing the system is given as:
F friction = µ × Fn

Fluidic (

)

1. Fluid flow in conduits
A complete understanding of the mechanics of fluid flow in conduits can be deduced from the Noble Qur’an. For example the behavior of fluid flow in a narrowing tube can be explained as follows: When a stream of water atoms enters a narrowing tube the distances that are predetermined between the water atoms are squeezed as shown in figure FP1-1. The way of Allah (God) Almighty in creation necessitates that water tends to return to the state upon which it was created and to achieve this the atoms create a pressure on the side walls of the conduit to try to expand and return to their original dimensions. This explains the observed phenomenon of an increased pressure on the walls of pipe upon the flow of a fluid within it. In other words water is trying to return to the predetermined distances between its atoms by causing an expansion in the walls of the conduit. The reduction of the distances between the atoms sideways is accompanied by an increase in the distances between the atoms lengthwise. This increase in the longitudinal distances causes an increase in the velocity of the fluid in the narrow conduit as shown in figure FP1-1.
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Figure FP1-1: Explanation of the mechanics of fluid flow in a narrowing pipe as explained from the Noble Qur’an.

2. Resistance of conduits to fluid flow
The observation: Conduits that channel the flow of fluids within it generate a resistance on the fluid flowing within them due to the friction between the fluid and the walls of the conduit. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: As explained when discussion the phenomenon of friction that friction occurs due to linking of atomic gravity weaved ropes between the two media in contact with each other and friction in fluidic applications is no exception. Friction between the fluid and the conduits in which the fluid flows occurs due to the linking of the atoms of the flowing fluid by their gravity weaved ropes and the atoms comprising the conduit.
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It is the prediction from the Noble Qur’an that if the conduit is composed of heavy atoms then it would generate high friction on the flowing fluid. Also if the fluid is composed of heavy atoms then it will generate large friction on the flowing fluid. Derivation of the law that governs friction in fluidic applications: The input (s) to the system = The fluid flowing in the system represented by its density (ρf) The output (s) from the system = Resistance to fluid flow (Rf) The weights that balances the system (i.e. makes the input to equal the output)
1. The weight of the atoms of the conduit: As the weight of the atoms

comprising the conduit increases, the number of atomic gravity weaved ropes increases and thus a strong bond is created between the atoms of the fluid and the conduit. Which results in the fact that more energy is needed to break the weaved ropes involved in making the bond, thus more resistance to fluid flow. This parameter is represented in current engineering sciences as the friction factor for that specific conduit (f).
2. The density of the flowing fluid: As the weight of the atoms the fluid is

made of increases, the atomic bonding between it and the conduit gets stronger and thus larger resistance to fluid flow.
3. The length of the conduit: As the length of the conduit increases the

area exposed to the linking of fluid atoms and conduit atoms increases and thus more energy is needed to break the increased number of linking atoms. This results in increased resistance to fluid flow.
4. The diameter of the conduit: Increasing the diameter of the conduit

results in the majority of the fluid flowing in the conduit not to be in
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contact with the walls of the conduit, this reduces the resistance to fluid flow. Based on the above discussion the law that governs this phenomenon is given as follow:
Rf = fL ρf D

3. Diffusion of matter
The observation: Matter suspended in a medium diffuse to another medium through a barrier. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: The weight of the atom controls all of the mechanics of matter in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty as deduced from the Noble Qur’an. Thus it is logical to assume that the weight of the atom can explain the phenomenon of matter diffusing from one medium to another through a dividing barrier. As shown in figure FP3-1 the two media contain atoms and when a material is put into medium 1 for example part of the atoms of the material introduced into medium 1 will bind with the atoms of medium 1 due to the attraction created by atomic weaved ropes in the heavens of both atoms. The other part of the atoms of the suspended material will feel the attractive pull of the atoms in medium 2 through the barrier due to the weaved ropes of the atoms comprising medium 2 and the atoms of the suspended material.

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Diffusion mass transfer in water
NaCl (Sodium Chloride)

‫مثقال ذرة – فتثير سحابا‬
Membrane

Diffusion flow

Medium 1

Medium 2

Figure FP3-1: Diffusion phenomenon.

This attractive force will pull the atoms of the suspended material from medium 1 into medium 2 across the barrier and mass will flow across the barrier. This phenomenon is termed mass diffusion. Having this knowledge from the Noble Qur’an the law that governs this phenomenon can be easily deduced as follows: The rate of diffusion of matter between medium 1 and 2 will depend on the following parameters:
1. The difference in the concentration of the suspended material in the

two media: The media containing a higher concentration of the suspended material will have a higher portion of atoms suspended in the medium and weakly linked to the material of medium 1. Thus it can be concluded that the suspended material will flow from the medium with the higher concentration to the lower. The speed of this transfer increases with the increase in the concentration of the suspended material which means that the rate of diffusion is proportional to the concentration gradient.
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2. The thickness of the barrier: Diffusion occurs due to the attraction of

the atoms in medium 2 to the atoms of the suspended material in medium 1. Thus the thickness of the barrier plays a major role in the rate of this process and whether diffusion occurs or not. Two cases can result from the value of the thickness of the dividing barrier between the two media:
a. Case 1: The thickness of the barrier does not allow the atoms in

medium 2 to see (i.e. attract) the atoms in medium 1. In this case diffusion won’t occur.
b. Case 2: The thickness is such that atoms comprising medium 2

see the atoms of the suspended material in medium 1 which results in the flow of matter across the barrier. As the thickness of the barrier increases the rate of diffusion will decrease. Thus the rate of diffusion is inversely proportional to the thickness of the dividing barrier between the two media. 3. The area of the barrier perpendicular to the direction of atom movement: As the area of the barrier between the media increases the number of atoms involved in diffusion (i.e. pulling the atoms from medium 1 to 2) increases and thus there is an increase in the flux of atoms traveling from medium 1 to 2.
4. The weight of the atoms in medium 1 and 2: Depending on the weight

of the atoms contained in medium 1 and 2 three cases could affect the rate of diffusion which are:
a. Case 1: The weight of the atoms in medium 1 and 2 is the same.

For this case 2 sub cases would result, which are:

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i. The two media have heavy atoms: In this case diffusion

rate would be high while taking into account the level of saturation of the medium into which the external material is added.
ii. The two media have light atoms: The rate of diffusion

would be generally low. Also taking into account the level of saturation of the two media.
b. Case 2: The weight of the atoms comprising the two media is

different. Two cases can occur in this case
i. The weight of the atoms in medium 2 is larger: In this

case the attraction of the atoms in medium 2 to the suspended material in medium 1 will be high and thus this will increase the rate of diffusion.
ii. The weight of the atoms in medium 1 is larger: The

attraction of the atoms comprising medium 1 would be high and in the same time the attraction of the atoms of medium 2 would be small. This will result in a reduced rate of diffusion.
5. Density of the barrier: If the barrier is composed of heavy atoms then

it will have a high density and this will lower the diffusion rate since many of the atoms of the external material inserted in medium 1 will be attracted to the atoms comprising the barrier and thus less atoms will be transferred to medium 2. Similarly, if the barrier is composed of light atoms then the attraction of the atoms comprising the barrier to the atoms of the external material will be weak and thus a large number of the atoms of the external material will be transferred to medium 2.

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6. Density of the two media: As a general rule as the density increases the

amount of material that can bind with the either medium 1 or 2 increases. This is due to the fact that more atoms are available to attract suspended atoms. Two cases can result from the density of the two media, which are:
a. Case 1: The density of medium 1 is larger than 2 which results

in the binding of more atoms of the external material with medium 1 and thus the rate of diffusion decreases.
b. Case 2: The density of medium 2 is larger than 1 which results

in an increased rate of diffusion.
7. The state of the fluid in media 1 and 2: Allah (God) Almighty states in

the Noble Qur’an in sorat Fatir:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 9. And it is Allah (God) Almighty Who sends the winds, so that they cause turbulence in the clouds, and Allah (God) Almighty drives them to a dead land, and revives therewith the earth after its death. As such (will be) the Resurrection. Clouds are formed by a process of mixing and such Allah (God) Almighty describes that turbulence is used in the process of mixing and keeping in mind that Allah (God) Almighty created everything in a perfect state. Thus the conclusion would be that turbulence is the optimal method to mix constituents. From the Noble Qur’an it can be concluded that to enhance the rate of diffusion, the fluid within the two media should be in a state of
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turbulence which causes the refreshing of the boundary layer along the barrier. Such as atoms that bind to the suspended material are washed away from the surface of the barrier and new atoms are placed near the barrier which can bind with new suspended material. Derivation of the law that governs diffusion phenomenon from the Noble Qur’an: The output, input, and parameters affecting the output to the diffusion process are shown in figure FP3-1.

Figure FP3-1: Derivation of the law that governs diffusion phenomenon.

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Diffusion rate (atoms/s) = weights × concentration gradient of input matter A ρ ρ Diffusion rate = × 2 × mat × (∇C ) t ρ1 ρb Where : A Area of barrier perpendicular to mass transfer t Thickness of barrier ρ1 , ρ 2 Density of medium 1 and 2, respectively.

ρ b , ρ mat Density of the atoms comprising the barrier and external material, respectively. ∂C ∂C ∂C ∇C Concentration gradient in x, y, and z direction = + + ∂x ∂y ∂z

4. Evaporation and condensation of water
The observation: Upon heating of water (i.e. supplying energy weaved ropes to water) it turns from a solid state (ice) to liquid (water) and with continued heating it turns into gas (water vapor). Similarly upon cooling of water (i.e. removal of energy weaved ropes from water) it turns from a gaseous states to liquid and finally to a solid state with a noticeable increase in volume. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: Cooling of water: Water molecules are composed of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom as shown in figure FP4-1.

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http://www.cm.utexas.edu/academic/courses/Spring2002/CH339K/Robertus/overheads-1/water-structure.jpg

Hexagonal structural arrangement of water atoms

Figure FP4-1: Schematic diagram for water molecules and assembly of water molecules.

The attractive pull of gravity weaved ropes on a single water molecule can be visualized as seen in figure FP4-2.

Figure FP4-2: Energy skeleton of earth gravity weaved ropes acting on a single water molecule.

If each water molecule feels the attractive pull due to the weight of its atom only and this occurs if there is sufficient energy weaved ropes within the atoms such that the repulsive magnetic fields between the molecules is higher than the attractive pull due to atomic gravity weaved ropes. Then

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water will be in its gaseous state which means that the centrifugal force on the molecule due to the rotation of the earth balances the gravity pull at a certain elevation in the sky. This is the reason gaseous states are seen in the sky and not touching the face of the earth. Cooling of water which is the process in which energy weaved ropes is removed from orbiting electrons, in this case the magnetic field causing the repulsive forces between the molecules is reduced and thus the molecules are attracted to each other due to atomic gravity weaved ropes and thus the bond gets stronger which results in the formation of aggregates of water molecules as shown in figure FP4-1. This state is known as the liquid state of water. The question now arises as to why water in its liquid state is not hovering in the sky? The answer can be easily answered by knowing that due to the attractive pull between the molecules each water molecule does not see only the gravity pull due to the weight of its atoms, but it experiences the attractive pull of gravity weaved ropes of neighboring atoms as well. Thus the effective weight of each water molecule is equivalent to the weight of three water molecules and thus it gets heavier and the centrifugal force acting on the molecule is not sufficient to overcome the gravity pull of the earth and thus liquid water is attracted to the earth and is seen to be attached to the face of the earth. This case is shown in figure FP4-3.

Figure FP4-3: Energy skeleton of earth gravity weaved ropes acting on a three water molecule.

With continued cooling of water the magnetic field generated from the nuclei is reduced further and thus the

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distances between water molecules are reduced. This cases water molecules to be formed in clusters having the shape of spheres as shown in figure FP44. Thus each water molecule feels the attractive pull not only of its gravity weaved ropes but also of the pull of gravity weaved ropes of neighboring molecules and thus it rests on the surface of the earth. The increase in the volume of water when it becomes in a solid state can be explained by the formation of water molecules into spheres which occupy a bigger volume than sheets of water molecules as shown in figure FP4-4.

Figure FP4-4: Schematic diagram for water in its solid state (i.e. ice).

Electricity and magnetism ( ) 1. The nature of the electron
The observations:

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1. The electron in some experiments behaves as a wave showing diffraction and rarefaction. 2. The electron in other experiments behaves as a particle. Thus the question arises regarding the nature of the electron is it a wave or a particle? Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: The answer to the nature of the electron which is referred to in the Noble Qur’an as the object orbiting the nucleus of the atom is given in clear terms. Allah (God) Almighty describes these objects as lamps (light producing elements) and protectors (maintaining the structural integrity of the atom). The internal structure of these objects is described as similar to the wick of an oil lamp. Thus it is understandable why the electron can exhibit the behavior of waves due to the wavy structure of the electron as the wick of an oil lamp and can exhibit the behavior of matter since it is matter confined in a certain space. Thus according to the Noble Qur’an the electron is matter having a wavy structure which results in the ability of the electron to exhibit both wave and matter phenomena.

2. The concept of an electric current
The observation: Electricity is the flow of electrons in a conducting media. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: As explained in the law of everything that the shape of the objects orbiting the nucleus of the atom (i.e. electrons) is similar to that of a wick of an oil lamp. These objects are energized by resonant absorption of energy weaved ropes. Such that as an energy source is applied across a conducting medium
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energy weaved ropes energize the electrons thereby increasing their orbiting speed. When the energy of the electron reaches a certain value it leaves the atom and starts propagating within the conducting medium as shown in figure EP2-1.

Transport of electrical current
• Electrical current is the movement of
electrons
Electric wire

Electron current direction of propagation

Figure EP2-1: Flow of electrons within a conducting medium.

As the electron flows within the conducting medium it encounters a resistance to its movement. The resistance to the flow of electrons within the medium can be explained fully from the Noble Qur’an as follows: As shown in figure EP2-2 the electron as it flows it encounters the pulling action of the atoms along the top and bottom layers. This pulling force is a result of the attraction of atomic gravity weaved ropes of the top and bottom layers on the electron. This force will case a reduction in the speed of the electron by removing energy from it and this energy will be absorbed by the nuclei of the top and bottom layers which will increase their spinning speed. Thus energy weaved ropes are needed from an energy source to keep the electrons flowing such that the electrons will absorb the energy weaved ropes from the energy source giving them the energy needed to overcome the gravitational pull of the atoms and to continue flowing, otherwise the current

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will stop. The resistance to the flow of electrons will cause an increase in the temperature of the material due to an increase in the vibrations of the electrons of the atoms along the top and bottom layers, which then give off this extra energy seen as thermal energy.
Voltage source

-

+

Loss in electron energy (ropes) due to gravity pull - Thus need extra energy to keep the flow of current going

Increase in nucleus vibrations due to electron flow (Thus higher temperature as current is flowing)

Figure EP2-2: Flow of electrons within a conducting medium.

3. The phenomenon of superconductivity
The observation: Upon cooling some materials to very low temperatures they can reach a state where electric current flows with no resistance. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: A complete explanation for this observation can be deduced from the Noble Qur’an; cooling of the material is the process of the removal of energy weaved ropes from orbiting electrons of the atoms. Thus the orbital speed of the electrons is reduced thereby reducing the spinning speed of the nucleus. The reduction in the spinning speed of the nucleus will reduce the

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gravitational radiation emanating from it thereby reducing the pulling force of the top and bottom atoms on the flowing electrons. Thus an electron flowing within the medium will feel a very low pulling force from the top and bottom atoms which would result in a very low resistance. Continuous cooling will reduce the spinning of the nucleus more and more and thus a condition is reached where the flowing electron will feel a very low pulling force and thus a very small resistance close to zero. This state is termed superconductivity. The mechanism of superconductivity explained here is shown schematically in figure EP3-1.
Electron orbiting speed is reduced  nucleus vibrations are reduced  nucleus energy is reduced  nucleus orbiting speed is reduced  gravity radiation is reduced  less effect of flowing electrons  superconductive state Cooling – removing of energy ropes from electrons

Loss in electron energy (ropes) due to gravity pull - Thus need extra energy to keep the flow of current going

Increase in nucleus vibrations due to electron flow (Thus higher temperature as current is flowing)

Figure EP3-1: Achieving superconductivity by cooling of a conducting medium.

4. Production of a magnetic field
The observation: Certain materials generate a magnetic field having a north pole where magnetic field lines emanate and south pole where magnetic field lines enter. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an:

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All forms of energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty are composed of energy weaved ropes and thus the magnetic field is composed of energy weaved ropes which explains why there is a pulling action between magnets. The question now is how magnetic fields are generated? The answer can be deduced from the Noble Qur’an where Allah (God) Almighty states that you won’t find any deviation in Allah’s way in sending revelations and creation. Thus the central object of the atom (i.e. nucleus) must be performing a spinning motion like the earth, furthermore, the spinning of the earth produces a magnetic field, likewise, the spinning of the nucleus should produce a magnetic field exactly like the earth does. Thus it can be concluded that the nucleus of each atom will have a north pole where magnetic energy weaved ropes emanate and a south pole where they enter. One of the reasons the nucleus has a magnetic field is for the purpose of alignment of atoms to comprise matter. Such that if the north pole of one atom comes close to the north pole of another they will repel each other and thus the two atoms will be parallel. Also, if the north pole of one atom comes close to the south pole of another the two atoms will attract each other and they will form a line of atoms within the material as shown in figure EP4-1. It is clear that the magnetic field in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty has the primary role of alignment such that atoms know how to arrange themselves in matter by the interaction of their magnetic fields as explained above. Atoms will arrange themselves in equilateral triangular arrangement because this arrangement is the most stable configuration for three magnets such that each atom will experience the same repulsive force as shown in figure EP4-1.

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Organization of atoms Organization utilizing the interaction of atomic magnetic fields
S N N S

S N Representation of atomic magnetic fields

Organization of atoms is equilateral triangular arrangement

Figure EP4-1: Organization of atoms in matter utilizing atomic magnetic fields.

5. Classification of materials according to their magnetic properties
The observation:
1. Some materials react to an applied magnetic field by generating a

magnetic field equal in strength and opposite in direction to the applied field. This type of materials is referred to as ferromagnetic materials.
2. Other materials react to an applied magnetic field by generating a

magnetic field opposite to the applied one but with a magnitude lower than the applied magnetic field. This type of materials is referred to as paramagnetic materials.
3. The third type of materials also react to the applied magnetic field and

generate a field opposing the applied one but with a much lower

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magnitude than the applied field. This type of materials is referred to as diamagnetic materials. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an:

6. The concept of light
The observation: Light is emitted from atoms when exited by a thermal energy source or by other means. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: Atoms contain seven heavens and in each heaven there are objects (i.e. electrons) which are described in the Noble Qur’an as lamps and protectors. Protectors as they maintain the structural integrity of the bond that is created between atoms to construct matter. The other description for electrons in the Noble Qur’an is lamps (i.e. light producing sources). Thus according to the Noble Qur’an electrons should be able to generate light and the mechanism in which they achieve this can be deduced from the Noble Qur’an as follows:
1. The atom is composed of seven heavens and electrons in the heavens of

the atom have different energies such that electrons in the first heaven will have the maximum orbiting speed to balance the strong gravitational attraction of the nucleus and thus electrons kinetic energy will be a maximum. Electrons in the seventh heaven will have the minimum kinetic energy since low orbiting speed is needed to balance the weak gravitational pull of the nucleus.
2. Excitation of the electrons in the heavens of the electron by thermal or

electrical sources will cause incident energy weaved ropes to be absorbed by orbiting electrons thereby increasing their orbital speed causing higher

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spinning speed of the nucleus and increased gravitational radiation. Thus the atom will remain in a stable configuration but with higher temperature due to higher nucleus spin and higher energy for orbiting electrons.
3. Every atom will try to return to the state which Allah (God) Almighty

created it in which means that the energy gained by orbiting electrons will be released as radiated energy weaved ropes. Radiated energy weaved ropes from the electrons is seen as light.
4. The structure of light can be deduced from the above point such that since

the electron has the shape of a vibrating weaved rope thus energy radiated from it will have the same shape and so light must have the shape of weaved ropes.
5. If the electrons in the seventh heaven of the atom are excited then the

light produced from them will have low energy since these electrons posses the lowest energy state compared to electrons in other heavens.
6. The electrons in the seven heavens of the atom have different energies

which mean different vibrational frequencies since the energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is linked to vibrations of the object. This means that there will be seven different energy weaved ropes vibrating at different frequencies and thus there will be seven colors that can be generated when an atom is excited.
7. Excitation of the electrons in the seventh heaven will produce light with

low energy (i.e. red light) and the excitation of electrons in the first heaven will generate light with high energy (i.e. blue light) and in between the different colors of the visible spectrum. Excitation of all the electrons in all the heavens will produce a light which is a mixture of all seven colors which is known as white light.

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7. Production of light by the sun
Allah (God) Almighty describes in the Noble Qur’an the sun in several places by a glowing wick in sorat Al-Naba:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 13. And Allah (God) Almighty made a glowing wick The description for the sun as a glowing wick fits perfectly with the material presented in this book. Such that as stated previously energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is composed of weaved ropes which is exactly like the shape of a wick. Furthermore, the vibrations of these weaved ropes produce light, a state which can be describes as glowing. Thus the energy produced from the sun is composed of glowing (i.e. vibrating) wicks which explain the description of the sun in the Noble Qur’an. This is shown in figure EP7-1.

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Figure EP7-1: Glowing wicks generated from the sun.

8. Optical properties of materials
The observation: Materials according to the ability of light to penetrate through them can be classified into three main categories. The first is transparent materials which allow the majority of the incident light to pass through. The second category is semi-transparent materials which allow some portion of the incident light to pass through and lastly materials that do not allow the passage of light through them. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: As stated previously that the weight of the atom controls all of its properties and mechanics and the optical properties of materials is no exception. The

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atoms according to their weight can be classified into three categories, which are:
1. Heavy weight atoms: in this case the number of orbiting weaved ropes

(i.e. electrons) is large and thus materials composed of heavy atoms can harness most of the electromagnetic energy (i.e. light energy) incident on them by resonant energy absorption between incident vibrating weaved ropes and the orbiting weaved ropes (i.e. electrons) of the atom. Thus no or very little energy weaved ropes can pass though the material and in this case the material is not-transparent to light. This case is shown in figure EP8-1.
2. Medium weight atoms: the number of orbiting weaved ropes in this

case are smaller than the first case and as such a medium number of incident energy weaved ropes (i.e. light) can pass through the material. In this case the material is labeled semi-transparent.
3. Light weight atoms: In this case the number of orbiting weaved ropes

(i.e. electrons) is small and thus most of the incident energy can pass though the material and the material is labeled in this case as a transparent material. This case is shown in figure EP8-2.

Figure EP8-1: Light interaction with materials made up of heavy atoms. 126

Figure EP8-2: Light interaction with materials made up of light atoms.

Thermal Energy ( 1. The concept of thermal energy
The observations:

)

1. Thermal energy is transmitted as electromagnetic radiation like light

waves.
2. Color of matter changes with increased heating for example the color of a

metal changes from red to blue with increased heating. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an that the sun is like a glowing wick of an oil lamp and since the sun is a source of thermal energy thus thermal energy produced from the sun must be composed of vibrating energy weaved ropes as shown in figure TP1-1. Which explains why thermal energy is transmitted as vibrating strings.
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Understanding the structure of thermal energy from the Noble Qur’an
‫سراجا وهاجا – والسماء ذات الحبك -- أهتزت و ربت‬ ‫– انا كل شيء خلقنه بقدر‬

The sun

The structure of thermal energy

Figure TP1-1: The structure of thermal energy as deduced from the Noble Qur’an.

Regarding the color of matter changing upon heating it can be explained as follows: At the beginning of heating low number of energy weaved ropes are incident on the atoms comprising matter and thus the electrons in the seventh heaven are excited and red color is produced. With continuing heating more energy weaved ropes are incident on the atom and electrons in lower heavens are excited and produce blue light.

2. Modes of transport of thermal energy
The observation: Thermal energy can be transported by conduction (need to have contact between two materials), convection (by flow of fluids), and radiation. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: The production of thermal energy follows the same mechanism described in the section about light generation. Three modes of heat transfer are possible which are:

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1. If materials are touching each other then energy weaved ropes generated

from one atom will be absorbed by the neighboring atom and so forth. This mode of heat transfer is called conduction.
2. If a fluid flows on the surface of a material then the atoms of the fluid will

pick up the energy weaved ropes generated from the atoms of the material at the surface. This mode of heat transfer is called convection.
3. The surface of a material radiates energy weaved ropes generated from

the atoms at the surface. This mode of heat transfer is called radiation. The various modes of heat transfer are shown in figure TP2-1.

Modes of heat transport
• Conduction: When
adjacent matter is present.

• Convection: When

matter is flowing pass original matter.

• Radiation: When no

matter is adjacent to the original matter

Figure TP2-1: Modes of heat transfer as explained by the law of everything.

Derivation of the law that governs conduction heat transfer phenomenon from the Noble Qur’an: The method developed to derive physical laws from the Noble Qur’an will be utilized here. The factors affecting the transfer of thermal energy are as follows:

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1. The weight of the atoms comprising the conducting medium: As explained earlier the weight of the atom is the main factor governing all of its dynamics including its ability to transport thermal energy. As the weight of the atom increases the number of electrons orbiting the nucleus increases and thus the material can harness a large number of incident energy weaved ropes. Thus the atoms when they return to their creation state and release the absorbed energy, the material will generate a large number of energy weaved ropes and the neighboring atoms will absorb this large flux of energy and then the neighboring atoms and so forth. So it can be concluded that materials composed of heavy atoms will transport thermal energy in a faster time than materials composed of light atoms. 2. The area perpendicular to the direction of heat flow An increase in the area perpendicular to the direction of heat flow will expose the surface area of an increased number of atoms and thus the amount of thermal weaved ropes exchanged at the surface increases and thus heat transfer increases.
3. The length of the medium

As the length of the path the heat is transported through increases the time thermal energy weaved ropes take to travel this path increases and thus the rate of heat transfer decreases. 4. The temperature difference between two regions in the medium As stated previously all atoms in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty tend to go back to the state they were created in (i.e. fitra). Thus the larger the temperature of a certain region is the more thermal energy weaved ropes are generated from it in order to go back to the creation state. Likewise the colder a certain region of the material is the more thermal energy weaved ropes it tends to gather to go back to the creation state. Thus it can be
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concluded that the larger the temperature difference between two regions is the higher the rate of heat transfer would be. Taking all of the previous parameters into account, the law that governs heat transfer can be deduced and is shown below:
q =γ × A × ( T1 − T2 ) L

Where: q Rate of heat transfer (energy per unit time) γ Ability of the material to conduct thermal energy (depends on the weight of the atoms comprising the medium) A Area perpendicular to the heat transfer path L Length of medium conducting the heat (T1-T2) medium Derivation of the law that governs convection heat transfer phenomenon from the Noble Qur’an: The input (s) to the system = Temperature difference between the surface of the material and the fluid (∆T) The output (s) from the system = A specific rate for the transfer of energy waved ropes (i.e. heat (q)) The weights that balance the system (i.e. make the output to equal the input) are as follow:
1. The weight of the atoms of the flowing fluid: As the weight of the

Temperature difference between two regions in the conducting

atoms comprising the fluid flowing increases it causes an increase in

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the number of orbiting weaved ropes (i.e. electrons). Thus it increases the ability of the flowing fluid to absorb energy weaved ropes gave off by the atoms of the material the fluid comes in contact with. This results in an increase rate of heat transfer. In current engineering sciences this is represented by convection heat transfer coefficient (h)
2. The area exposed to the flowing fluid: Increasing the area which is

exposed to the flowing fluid causes an increase in the number of atoms radiating energy weaved ropes. This results in an increase in the heat transfer. Based on the above parameters the law that governs the phenomenon of convection heat transfer can be stated as:
q = h × A × ∆T

Derivation of the law that governs radiation heat transfer phenomenon from the Noble Qur’an: The input (s) to the system = Temperature of the surface of the material (Ts) The output (s) from the system = A specific rate for the transfer of energy waved ropes (i.e. heat (q)) The weights that balance the system (i.e. make the output to equal the input) are as follow:
1. The weight of the atoms comprising the surface of the material: As the

weight of the atoms increases the number of orbiting weaved ropes (i.e. electrons) increases and thus the flux of radiated energy weaved ropes will increase. This results in an increase in the heat transfer rate. This is expressed in current engineering sciences as the emissivity of the surface (ε)

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2. The area of the surface of the material: As the surface area of the

material increases the number of atoms radiating energy weaved ropes increases and thus heat transfer also increase.
3. The temperature of the surface (Ts): An increase in the temperature of

the surface means that orbiting weaved ropes (i.e. electrons) have a larger number of absorbed vibrating weaved ropes (i.e. energy quanta). This means that the atoms will radiate a higher amount of energy weaved ropes to return to their creation states which will increase the rate of heat transfer. Based on the above discussion the law that governs the phenomenon of radiation heat transfer can be stated as follows:
q = ε × A × Ts

3. Speed of heat transport in matter
The observation: Different materials transport thermal energy with different speeds for example steel transports heat much faster than air. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: The bond between heavy atoms like iron for example will have a large number of gravity weaved ropes and thus a strong bond is created. This means from the transport of thermal energy point of view that energy weaved ropes radiated from one atom will be quickly harnessed by the neighboring atom and so forth until thermal energy weaved ropes exit the material. Comparing this with air for example which is composed of light atoms like for example nitrogen, in this case thermal energy weaved ropes generated from one atom will take a longer time to be harnessed by neighboring atoms
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due to the weak bond between the atoms and because more than one mode of heat transfer might be involved in the transport of thermal energy in weak bonded material. In addition to the above discussion, heavy atoms will have a large number of orbiting weaved ropes (i.e. electrons) and thus the atom can harness large amount of incident energy weaved ropes (i.e. thermal energy) and when it gives off this energy it will generate a large flux of energy weaved ropes and thus thermal energy transport in materials composed of heavy atoms will be fast and large. Materials made of light atoms will harness small amount of incident thermal energy and likewise it will generate small amount of thermal energy and thus thermal energy in this kind of material will be slow and low. The speed of the transfer of thermal energy is referred to as thermal conductivity (k) which is equal to 16.6 W/m.K for a certain steel alloy at a temperature equal to 400 K and it is 0.0338 W/m.K for air at 400 K. These values indicates that steel can transport thermal energy much faster than air which correlates with the prediction of thermal conductivity for various materials as derived from the Noble Qur’an.

4. The concept of heat capacity of materials
The observation Materials differ in their ability to store thermal energy. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: The weight of the atom governs all of the behavior of matter, a heavy atom contains a large number of orbiting weaved ropes (i.e. electrons) which are capable of absorbing incident energy in the form of vibrating weaved ropes. Thus a material composed of heavy atoms can absorb a large number of

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incident vibrating energy weaved ropes (i.e. thermal energy) and so the material is labeled to have large heat capacity. A material made up of light atoms will not be able to absorb a large number of incident energy and thus it can be labeled as having low heat capacity. Thus it is predicted from the understanding of the Noble Qur’an that materials composed of heavy atoms will have large heat capacity compared to materials made up of light atoms. This conclusion from the Noble Qur’an is further reinforced by the fact that gases which are composed of light atoms have very low thermal capacity since they have low number of orbiting weaved ropes and thus a reduced ability to harness incident energy, whereas water for example which is composed of medium weight atoms has large thermal capacity since it has a medium number of orbiting weaved ropes capable of harnessing a large number of incident energy weaved ropes. Table 3 shows a comparison between the predictions from the Noble Qur’an regarding heat capacity of materials and what is experimentally found. Table 3: Heat capacity for various materials. Material Prediction of heat capacity from the Noble Qur’an Air at 300 degrees K Low heat capacity Volumetric heat capacity experimentally found (kJ/m3 . K) 1.17 4179

(light weight atoms) Water at 300 degrees Large heat capacity K (medium weight atoms)

5. Thermal induced displacements in materials
The observations:

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Heating of certain materials results in mechanical displacement of the material. Increased heating causes the material to become in a somewhat liquid state. Further heating of the material causes it to become in a gaseous state. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: Subjecting a material to thermal energy (i.e. to energy weaved ropes) will supply weaved ropes orbiting the nuclei of the atoms comprising the material with energy. This will cause their orbiting speed to increase and consequently it will cause the nuclei to have higher orbiting speeds. This in turn will increase the magnetic field generated from the nuclei which will increase the magnetic repulsive forces between the atoms comprising the material and this will cause mechanical displacement between the atoms comprising the material. This is seen as mechanical displacements in the material. Supplying more thermal energy to the material (i.e. more heating) will increase the magnetic repulsive force between the atoms until a state is reached where the magnetic force causes repulsion between the atoms is significantly larger than the attractive force between the atoms due to atomic gravitational forces. In this case the material will flow in a liquid state. Increasing the heat supplied to the material still further will cause the magnetic repulsive force between the atoms to be much larger than the attractive force and in this case the material will be in a gaseous state. Removal of thermal energy from a material (i.e. cooling) will cause the mechanism described above to work in reverse. Such that upon removal of energy weaved ropes from the electrons orbiting the nucleus the orbiting speed of the electrons will be reduced which will cause a reduction in the spinning speed of the nucleus and thus the magnetic repulsion force between the atoms will be reduced. This will cause the spatial distances between the

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atoms to be reduced and this is seen as reduction in the dimensions of the material.

5.1 The relationship between the weight of the atom and the amount of thermally induced mechanical displacements
It is the conclusion from the Noble Qur’an that light atoms will have a small number of linking gravity weaved ropes between the atoms. Thus when heating of a material made up of light atoms like air for example, the magnetic field produced from the nuclei of air atoms will increase and due to the fact that small number of atomic gravity weaved ropes link these atoms the increase in the spatial distances between air atoms due to atomic magnetic repulsive forces will be large. This means that according to our understanding from the Noble Qur’an light atoms will generate large thermally induced mechanical displacements. Heavy weight atoms like iron for example on the other hand have a large number of atomic gravity weaved ropes linking the atoms of the material. Thus when thermal energy is supplied to the material, thermally induced displacements due to atomic magnetic repulsive forces will be small. The following table shows a comparison between the predictions of the magnitude of thermally induced mechanical displacements in various materials as predicted from the Noble Qur’an and what is experimentally found.

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Table 4: Comparison between thermal expansion in various materials as predicted from the Noble Qur’an and as is experimentally found. Material Atomic weight Thermal expansion as predicted from the Noble Qur’an Gases Aluminum Copper Gold Low 26.98 63.55 197 Coefficient of thermal expansion (10-6 / C) Very high 25.2
Decreases in value

Magnesium 24.31

23.6 16.9 14.4

Derivation of the law that governs thermally induced displacements from the Noble Qur’an: The procedure for deriving any law which governs a physical phenomenon in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is obtained fully from the Noble Qur’an as follows: 1. The fact stated in the Noble Qur’an which states that Allah (God) Almighty created everything in a state of balance. Thus the input (s) to a system must equal its output (s) for the system to be in a state of balance. Thus the first step to derive any law is to define the input (s) and output (s) to the system. In this case the input (s) and output (s) to the system are as follow: Input = Temperature difference (difference between creation temperature and current temperature) = ∆T Output = Change in length of the material = ∆L

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2. The second step in deriving the law that governs this phenomenon is stated in the Noble Qur’an where it is stated that a scale balances the creation of Allah (God) Almighty, so if we put the input (s) to a system on one side of the scale and the output (s) on the other. Then investigate the parameters that increase the output and put them in the numerator and the parameters which decrease the output and place them in the denominator. The parameter that controls the relationship between the output and input to the system in the case of thermally induced mechanical displacements is the weight of the atoms comprising the material. Such that an increase in the weight of the atoms comprising the material will reduce the amplitude of the induced mechanical displacements. The equation that describes this phenomenon is given as follows:
f( 1 ) × ∆T × Linitial = ∆L Watom

Where : 1 f( ) Parameter which is mainly affected by the weight of the atom (currently Watom ∆T ∆L Linitial known as coefficient of thermal expansion (α )) Tempreature difference Change in length Initial length of the material

6. Behavior of materials upon heating and cooling
The observation (s): Materials when they absorb energy weaved ropes, in other words when they absorb energy in all its forms which include thermal, light, acoustic, etc. they expand and with further heating they turn into a liquid state and then gaseous. When cooling (i.e. removal of energy weaved ropes) it is noticed that materials shrink and if they are in a gaseous state they become liquid and then solids.

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Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: It has been previously concluded from the Noble Qur’an that the crystalline structure of materials maintains its structural integrity by the perfect balance between the attractive force of atomic gravity weaved ropes and the repulsive force of nuclei magnetic fields. From this science the behavior of materials upon heating and cooling can be easily predicted. The following flow chart describes what happens to the crystalline structure of materials upon heating (i.e. exposing the material to incident energy weaved ropes). Energy weaved ropes can be generated from any of the following sources:

Fuel combustion

• Light energy • Acoustic waves • Mechanical vibrations • Electrical and magnetic energy
Incident energy weaved ropes (i.e. heating) Increase in the orbiting speed of the electrons Increase in the spinning speed of the nucleus

Material behavior upon heating (i.e. absorption of energy weaved ropes)

Increase in the magnetic field generated from the nucleus Increase in the repulsive forces between the atoms due to nuclei magnetic field

Increase in the distances between the atoms, which results is: -Expansion of the material -Turning into fluid and gaseous states

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Thus upon heating of any material the atomic magnetic repulsive forces increase and causes an increase in the distances between the atoms of the material which is seen as an expansion of the material and if the heating is continued the material can turn into a fluidic state where the magnetic repulsive forces are high and then into a gaseous state where the repulsive forces between the atoms are very high. The following flow chart shows what happens to the material upon removal of energy weaved ropes (i.e. cooling).
Removal of energy weaved ropes (i.e. cooling) Decrease in the orbiting speed of the electrons Decrease in the spinning speed of the nucleus

Material behavior upon cooling (i.e. removal of energy weaved ropes)

Decrease in the magnetic field generated from the nucleus Decrease in the repulsive forces between the atoms due to nuclei magnetic field

Decrease in the distances between the atoms, which results is: -Shrinking of the material -Turning into solid state from a fluidic and gaseous states

Upon removal of energy weaved ropes (i.e. cooling) the magnetic repulsive forces between the atoms decreases and the material deceases in overall dimensions.

Biomedical Engineering ( ) 1. Biocompatibility )‫(التطابق الحيوي‬
The observation:

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The human body seems to accept certain materials and reject others. Accepting a material by the human body means that the body does not react strongly to isolate and dispose the material and the two can coexist for a certain period of time. The reason why the human body accepts certain materials and rejects others is unknown in current bioengineering sciences. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an that He created everything on fitra (i.e. creation states defined by Allah (God) Almighty) and from the following verse it can be concluded that everything in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty strives to preserve its creation state.

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 30. So set you (O Muhammad SAW) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone). Allah's Fitrah (i.e. Allah's creation state which He has created humans upon). There is no alteration in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty, that is the valued religion, but most of people do not know. Also Allah (God) Almighty integrated certain mechanisms in His creation that ensures the creation state is preserved. For the human body to be assembled in the shape it is in there is a need for a guide which is something that directs every molecule to be arranged in a certain way to link with another. In the human body this guide is the electromagnetic field. Such that the details of the most abundant molecule in the human body can be derived

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from the following Qur’anic verses in sorat Al-Thariat and sorat Fatir, respectively:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 7. By the heavens which have weaved ropes and paths within it.

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 43. And you will not find any switching in the way of Allah (God) Almighty and you will not find any deviation in the way of Allah (God) Almighty. From the above verses it can be conclude that the basic unit of energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is weaved ropes and since the way of Allah (God) Almighty in creation is constant, thus the basic structural and most abundant unit of the creation of the human body need to have the same shape as weaved ropes (i.e. matter waved ropes). This is found exactly in the human body in the fact that the basic structural unit and the most abundant molecule in the human body has the shape of weaved ropes as shown in figure BP1-1. This molecule is called collagen.

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Energy weaved Energy weaved ropes ropes

Collagen Collagen molecule in molecule in the human the human body body

Figure BP1-1: Energy weaved ropes and collagen molecule in the human body.

These molecules must be arranged in the human body in a hexagonal packing arrangement since this is the arrangement of water molecules and Allah (God) Almighty states that He created every living thing from water. In addition since Allah (God) Almighty created everything in a perfect state, this hexagonal arrangement ensures that maximum volume is covered with the least amount of material. The question now arises as to how these collagen molecules know to arrange themselves? The answer can be found in the following Qur’anic verse in sorat Fussilt:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 39. And among Allah (God) Almighty signs that you see the earth barren and when Allah sends down rain it vibrates and grows. From the above verse it can be concluded that the molecules in the human body to be in a vibrational state is a must for growth. Thus it can be
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concluded that collagen molecule must be in a vibrational state. The next question is about the source of the vibrational energy energizing collagen molecules? The answer can be found in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Noah:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 17. And Allah (God) Almighty has grown you from the earth exactly like plants. Thus the source of the energy that energizes the human body is the earth and more precisely it is the gravitational field of the earth. Since any energy in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is composed of energy weaved ropes, it follows that the vibrations of gravitational energy weaved ropes will cause collagen molecules to vibrate. Since the shape of collagen molecules is exactly like the shape of the energy that energizes it, it follows that energy exchange between gravity and collagen molecules occurs at 100% efficiency in the sense that all of the energy contained in gravity weaved ropes is delivered to collagen molecules. In present engineering sciences this is termed resonant energy exchange. The mechanical vibrations of collagen molecules will give energy to electrons orbiting the atoms of the collagen molecule, which will cause an electric field in the molecule. This electric field will generate a magnetic field as shown in figure 14-2. The magnetic fields generated from collagen molecules will align them in a hexagonal arrangement both lengthwise and width wise as shown in figure BP1-2.

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Hexagonal organization of collagen molecules
‫( والسماء ذات الحبك )صدقل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫العظيم‬ Structural organization of collagen molecules The shape of the primary unit of the human body is as the shape of weaved ropes

Energy in the creation Gravity weaved ropes Matter in the creation of Allah Almighty of Allah Almighty

Figure BP1-2: Hexagonal organization of collagen molecules in the human body.

So it can be concluded that the mechanism Allah (God) Almighty utilized in the human body to guide the organization of molecules in the human body is the interaction of the magnetic fields generated from the molecules. This represents the creation state of collagen molecules and there tendency to stay in a hexagonal arrangement utilizing their magnetic fields. In other words it can be said that these molecules see each other and other materials using their magnetic fields. Thus if any material causes a change in the magnitude and/or direction of collagen molecules magnetic fields, this will be seen by the body as an unwanted material and body mechanisms start to isolate the foreign material. The question now arises as to what are the materials that can affect the magnetic field generated from collagen molecules? The answer is stated in the following points:
1. Magnets: Materials that generate a strong magnetic field when placed

in a close proximity or inside the human body can cause alterations to the magnetic field generated from collagen molecules.

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2. Ferromagnetic and paramagnetic materials: This type of materials

reacts when an external magnetic field is applied by generating a magnetic field opposite in direction to the applied one. This can affect the structure of the magnetic field produced by collagen molecules in the human body. The difference between in ferromagnetic and paramagnetic materials is that the latter generates a weaker magnetic field than ferromagnetic materials. Figure BP1-3 shows the case when an implant made from iron is placed in human bone. It is known that the main organic constituent of bone is collagen molecules and they are laid down in specific directions along the curvature of gravitational weaved ropes upon their interaction with the human body. Analysis of what occurs when the iron implant is introduced into the human body is given in the following points:
1. The orientation of the magnetic field generated from collagen

molecules is as shown in figure BP1-3.
2. The iron material generates a magnetic field which is equal in

magnitude and opposite in direction to the applied field.
3. Since energy flows like water waves, the quanta of the magnetic field

generated from the body which can be thought of as water droplet collide with those generated from the iron material.
4. Thus the magnetic field generated from collagen molecules can not

continue on its path and it is blocked. The region in the body containing only the magnetic field of the iron material is shown in figure BP1-3. 5. Thus the mechanisms Allah (God) Almighty installed in the human body start to function to isolate the material that is causing a disturbance to the creation state of the human body. The mechanism in

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this case is the formation of a fibrous layer in the region containing only the magnetic field generated from the iron implant. Thus isolating the implant from the rest of the body.

Introducing iron into the human body Iron is a ferromagnetic material
Implant made of iron Magnetic field induced from iron material

Iron implant

S

N

N SS N

N

S

Direction of collagen magnetic field

Regions containing only the magnetic field of the iron material (creation of fibrous layer)

Figure BP1-3: The reaction of the human body to ferromagnetic material.

Figure BP1-4 shows the reaction of the human body when a diamagnetic material is introduced. Steps to analysis this reaction are listed in the following:
1. The orientation of the magnetic field generated from collagen

molecules is as shown in figure BP1-4. 2. The Titanium material generates a magnetic field which is significantly smaller in magnitude compared to the field generated from the body and opposite in direction to body field.
3. Since energy flows like water waves, the quanta of the magnetic field

generated from the body which can be thought of as water droplet collide with those generated from the Titanium material.
4. Thus the magnetic field generated from collagen molecules can

continue on its path to a very close distance to the implant and then it

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is blocked. The region in the body containing only the magnetic field of the Titanium material is shown in figure BP1-4.
5. Thus the mechanisms Allah (God) Almighty installed in the human

body start to function to isolate the material that is causing a disturbance to the creation state of the human body. The mechanism in this case is the formation of a fibrous layer in the region containing only the magnetic field generated from the Titanium implant. Thus isolating the implant from the rest of the body.
6. It is worth noticing that the thickness of the fibrous layer formed when

a diamagnetic material is introduced is substantially smaller that when a ferromagnetic material is introduced. The thickness of this layer is directly proportional to the strength of the magnetic field generated from the implant material. Paramagnetic materials will generate a fibrous layer which has a thickness larger than the one produced with the Diamagnetic material and smaller than the layer formed when a ferromagnetic material is placed in the human body.

Introducing Titanium into the human body Titanium is a diamagnetic material
Titanium implant

S

N

N

S

Direction of collagen magnetic field

Very thin layer where it contains the magnetic field generated from the diamagnetic material (creation of a very thin fibrous layer)

Figure BP1-4: The reaction of the human body to diamagnetic material.

Scientific proof to the previous discussion and conclusions:

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Applications from the law of everything as derived from the Noble Qur’an Structural applications Application )1(: The design of load handling structures from the Noble Qur’an:
This section describes the procedure to design load handling structures from the law of everyting as derived from the Noble Qur’an. General procedure: Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Zumur:

The translation of the above verse (s) is:

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9. Is the one who is praying to Allah (God) Almighty during the hours of the night by prostrating and standing in prayer and he fears the hereafter and hopes for the mercy of his Lord. Say are those who know equal to those who do not know? It is those of understanding who remember. In this verse Allah (God) Almighty states the fact that those who have knowledge are not equal in stature to those who do not. Thus the importance of knowing and understanding the physical mechanisms that govern a certain phenomenon comes forth from the Noble Qur’an and so before attempting to design load handling structures it is important to know the physical mechanisms of load (energy) transfer in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty. From the law of everything it can be stated that energy in any form flows in a hexagonal packing arrangement as shown in figure SA1-1.

Energy in

Energy out

Figure SA1-1: Energy flow within matter in a hexagonal pattern.

The energy density in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is defined as the number of energy weaved ropes divided by the area perpendicular to the propagation direction of energy weaved ropes. Thus the energy experienced by a material depends on two factors, which are:

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1. The number of energy weaved ropes: This factor depends primarily on the

magnitude of the applied force such that a large force will produce a large number of energy weaved ropes.
2. The area perpendicular to the propagation direction of energy weaved

ropes: As the area increases the energy density experienced by a material will be reduced. Thus the stress on a structural member can be reduced by either decreasing the applied force and thus decreasing the number of energy weaved ropes or increasing the area of the structural element to reach the optimal ratio of 1:1 between the energy source and the area handling this energy.

Application )2( How to reduce friction? as derived from the Noble Qur’an
This section describes methods to reduce friction as deduced from the Noble Qur’an. Friction occurs due to linking of atomic gravity weaved ropes between the atoms of the two sliding materials. Thus the conclusion is that reducing the number of atomic gravity weaved ropes between the two sliding materials will reduce friction. The following is suggested to reduce friction based on the understanding of this phenomenon from the Noble Qur’an. Method (1): The use of a material made up of light weight atoms to be sandwiched between the two original sliding materials. In this case atomic gravity weaved ropes exchanged between the sliding materials and the sandwich material will be lowered and thus there will be lower friction between the sliding surfaces. Method (2): The use of an extremely light material between the two sliding materials such as liquid or gas. This would result in extremely low friction due to the

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reduced number of atomic gravity weaved ropes of the sandwich material which would result in a small pulling force between the original and sandwich materials and thus low friction force.

Fluidic applications Application )1(: Comparing the difference between the behavior of cold and hot water
The observations: 1. Hot water can wash away scales of a surface faster and stronger than cold water. Explanation from the Noble Qur’an: The observation mentioned above can be explained fully from the Noble Qur’an as shown below:

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Thermal energy is a c and when t

Causes a gain in the ener The atoms co

Which causes an increase i Com

This causes an increase in would result in large displac The nuclei of water constitue

In addition to the above effect the frequency of gravity weaved ropes of water atoms increases

Which results in higher amplitude and frequency of

Electrical and magnetic applications Application )1(: Achieving superconductivity at temperatures above room temperature )i.e. above 25 degrees centigrade(
From the understanding of the law of everything as derived from the Noble Qur’an an understanding for the mechanisms to achieve superconductivity at a temperature which is above room temperature (25 Degrees centigrade) is possible. Referring to figure EA1-1 the mechanism is explained as follows: The electron will feel the attraction due to the gravitational pull of the top and bottom atoms and this will cause a loss in its energy, radiated as energy weaved ropes which will be gained by the upper and lower nuclei, which will in turn increase their spinning speed. At the same time the energy lost by the
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electron due to the gravitational attraction of the top and bottom atoms will be recovered due to its attraction by the atom directly in front of it. Whereby the nucleus of this atom will lose some of its energy due to this action. It is evident that the energy lost by the electron due to the attraction of the top and bottom atoms will be gained by the attraction of the electron by the atom directly in its path and thus it does not need an energy source to maintain its flow. It will keep flowing with the initial energy it is provided with. Also the temperature of the material will remain constant since the energy gained by the nuclei will be lost due to its attraction for the electrons in their path. Thus by the hexagonal arrangement of atoms within a material the energy lost by the electron will be gained and also the energy gained by the nucleus will be lost which would result in a super state where the electron does not need an energy source to keep it flowing and the net resistance for the flow of electrons is zero. It is worth noticing that this super state is independent of the temperature of the material and thus by this design superconductivity can be achieved at temperatures above room temperature.

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Increase in electron speed due to gravity pull of atom No need for a current source to keep the current flowing

Decrease in nucleus vibrations due to pulling of electrons = increase in nucleus vibrations due to the passing of electrons - Thus no change in temperature in superconductive state

Reduction in electron speed (due to loss of energy ropes)

Figure EA1-1: The mechanism of superconductivity at above room temperatures.

Mathematical applications Application )1(: The main function describing the form of energy and matter
Allah (God) Almighty states in the Noble Qur’an that He created every living thing from water. This fact has many dimensions; one of them is that energy and matter in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty have exactly the same structure and function of water as seen in this book. Another dimension for the fact that every living thing is created from water can be seen in the fact that input and output signals to and from all living systems have the shape of water waves. Such that these signals form from the interaction of water waves. The characteristic shape of a water wave is given in figure MA1-1.

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Figure MA1-1: Characteristic shape of a water wave.

The basic shape that forms the basis of all the signals of living systems is shown in figure MA1-1. The basic signal of all living systems shown in figure MA1-1 can be described by the following parameters:
1. Amplitude: It has a peak of 1, which means that water molecules rise

and fall below the surface of the water (represented by level 0) by a full amplitude which is taken to be one.
2. Frequency: Which is the number of time the shape repeats itself in a

unit of time. The frequency of the basic signal is one.
3. Phase shift: Which is whether the signals initiate at the same time

instant or not. The initiation of the basic signal is taken to be the reference for other signals. The above parameters describe fully the basic signal. The shape of the basic signal which is exactly like the shape of a water wave will be called the water function and will be given the symbol (W). Whenever this symbol is used it means that the shape of the function is as shown in figure 66 having

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an amplitude of one, frequency of one, phase shift of zero (i.e. reference). The mathematical equation describing the basic signal is given as:
A × W ( ft + phase) For basic signal the above equation becomes : 1 × W (1 × 1 + 0) = W (1) W (1) means the shape of a water wave, amplitude = 1, frequency = 1, phase = 0 (reference)

It will become apparent Allah (God) willing that all other signals are combinations of this basic signal. The following examples are taken to explain this point. Example 1: Suppose that a signal has the shape shown in figure MA1-2.

Figure MA1-2: A signal that repeats itself six times in 1 sec.

The shape shown in figure MA1-2 is an assembly of six units of the basic signal (W(1)) along the time axis. The mathematical formula which describes the signal shown in figure MA1-2 is given as:
6 × W (1) along time axis

Example 2: Suppose that a signal has the shape shown in figure MA1-3.

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Figure MA1-3: A signal that repeats itself one time in 1 sec and having an amplitude of 6.

The signal shown in figure MA1-3 is composed of six units of the basic signal along the amplitude axis. The mathematical formula which describes the signal shown in figure MA1-3 is given as:
6 × W (1) along amplitude axis

Example 3: Suppose that a signal has the shape shown in figure MA1-4.

Figure MA1-4: A shape of an output signal from a system.

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The signal shown in figure MA1-4 is composed of six basic signals arranged along time axis which means that in one unit of time six water functions span that time interval and six basic signals arranges along amplitude axis which means that six water functions are added along the amplitude axis, however, the functions repeats itself one time in the unit of time the other signal repeats itself six time as shown in figure MA1-5. The newly generated wave due to the addition of the two waves described previously is shown in figure MA1-4.

Figure MA1-5: Addition of two waves to generate the wave shown in figure 69.

The mathematical formula which describes the signal shown in figure MA14 is given as:
6 × W (1) along time axis + 6 × W (1) along amplitude axis

Example 4: Suppose that a signal has the shape shown in figure MA1-6.

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Figure MA1-6: A shape of an output signal from a system.

The mathematical formula which describes the signal shown in figure MA16 is given as:

[W (1)] + [ 5W (1) along amplitude axis + 5W (1) along time axis] + [10W (1) along amplitude axis + 10W (1) along time axis] + [15W (1) along amplitude axis + 15W (1) along time axis] + [ 20W (1) along amplitude axis + 20W (1) along time axis] + [ 25W (1) along amplitude axis + 25W (1) along time axis] + [ 30W (1) along amplitude axis + 30W (1) along time axis]
Any signal in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty can be decomposed into linear combinations of the basic signal (W(1)). As stated in the Noble Qur’an in sorat Al-Infitar that the creation of Allah (God) Almighty is made in a process of assembly and signals inputted to and outputted from His creation follow the same rule of being an assembly of basic units.

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 8. In whatever form Allah (God) willed He assembled you.
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It is worth noticing that the output shape of all the signals in the creation of Allah (God) Almighty can be seen in the interaction of water waves in the seas. Such that in the seas water waves of different frequencies, amplitudes, and time instances they were initiated at interact and result in new waves which can be decomposed to linear combination of the basic signal shown in figure MA1-1.

Biological applications Application )1(: A new testing medium for biological experimentation
Allah (God) Almighty gave the believers in the Noble Qur’an a book, which they will not need any other book. A strong demand exists when dealing with bio-systems which is the need for a testing medium having the following characteristics: • Easy to interact with.

Ability to get quick results from.

• Inexpensive. • The same experiment can be repeated with the same conditions (i.e. repeatability) • Ability to the control the conditions of the experiment (i.e. controlled conditions) In present biological sciences such a medium does not exist at all. What is used now a day consists of animal experimentation which is expensive, time consuming and difficult to control experimental conditions. Tissue culturing is also used which consists of placing cells in a dish and examining the
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response of these cells. This technique lacks a very important aspect which is that the environment of the dish is far removed from that which exists in biosystems. A testing medium which satisfies all the requirements described previously can be found in the Noble Qur’an, in sorat Noah:

The translation of the above verse (s) is: 17. And Allah (God) Almighty has grown you from the earth exactly like plants. Where Allah (God) Almighty states that He has grown humans form the earth exactly like plants. From the understanding of this Qur’anic verse comes the optimal medium for testing of biological experimentation, since humans are brought forth as plants it is reasonable to concluded that what affects the structure and function of plants will affect in the same way the structure and function of the human body. Table 5 shows a correlation between the systems of plants and those of humans. Table 5: Perfect match between the function and structure of plant and human systems. System description Structural In plants Root, stem, and branches Augmentary Circulatory Protein factories (Wood material) Plant leafs Water vessels Plant cells In human body The skeletal system Feet, trunk, and arms (Bone material) Human skin Blood vessels Human cells

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Thus the conclusion is that if a certain input condition such as foreign material, environment, etc. affects the plant, the same response should be seen in the human body since Allah (God) Almighty has grown humans from the earth exactly like plants. For instance, if phosphorus is seen to increase the strength of the wood material in a tree stem then it can be safely concluded that it would in crease the strength of human bone. Also if iron is seen to increase gas exchange in the plant and increase metabolic functions, it can be concluded that it would have the same effect in the human body. Scientific proof for the above discussion and conclusions: The following experiment is done to demonstrate the perfect match between the response of plants and that of humans. The experiment is in the field of biocompatibility. A main question when dealing with the human body lays in the acceptance or rejection of the human body to a foreign material. This issue has been previously discussed in this book. From the Noble Qur’an it has been concluded that diamagnetic materials will be accepted by the body since they cause minimum disturbance to the mechanisms active within the human body. Ferromagnetic materials will cause the body to isolate them since they cause large alterations to body mechanisms. To prove the above conclusions there is a need to study the response of the human body to a diamagnetic and ferromagnetic material. As derived from the Noble Qur’an, plants should exhibit the same response as the human body. To prove this point as well as the previous conclusions regarding biocompatibility the following experiment is done:
1. A plant is made available (apricot tree) 2. Screws made of (Titanium, Aluminum, Copper, and Steel). The screws

are selected such that one of the materials is ferromagnetic (Steel),

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another is paramagnetic (Copper) and the remaining two are diamagnetic (Aluminum and Titanium). 3. The screws are sterilized using heating and wiping with alcohol. 4. The screws are inserted in a thick branch of the apricot tree and left for a period of two weeks. It is known from previous experiments that Titanium is accepted well in the human body, which is seen as strong bony growth within the threads of the implant and formation of a very thin fibrous layer around the implant. It is also known that the human body formed a very thick fibrous layer around implants made primarily from steel, which is a sign that the body is trying to isolate the implant. This also indicates that the steel implant is causing large interference with the mechanisms active within the human body. The response of the tree to the insertion of the implants was checked using a microscope to investigate the growth of wood material on the implants. The results obtained from placing the implants within the apricot tree are as follow: • Results obtained from the Titanium implant (Diamagnetic material) Figure BA1-1 shows the response of the tree to the implant, as seen in the figure there is a large bony growth within the threads of the Titanium implant. This is exactly as seen in the human body when Titanium implant is inserted in bone; this is shown in figure BA1-2.

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Figure BA1-1: Response of apricot tree to the Titanium implant.

Figure BA1-2: Bone growth around a Titanium implant.

Results obtained from Aluminum implant (Diamagnetic material)

Aluminum is a diamagnetic material; however, it reacts stronger to an applied magnetic field than Titanium. Thus it is the conclusion from the Noble Qur’an that the growth of bone material around the implant would be less than Titanium. Figure BA1-3 shows the response of the tree to Aluminum implant. As seen from the figure the growth of wood material is less than the case when Titanium but still there is a large growth of wood

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around the implant which is in a perfect match with the predictions derived from the Noble Qur’an.

Figure BA1-3: Bone growth around an Aluminum implant. •

Results obtained from the Copper implant (paramagnetic material)

It is the prediction from the Noble Qur’an that paramagnetic material would interfere with the magnetic field guiding the growth and organization of weaved ropes molecules (for example collagen and cellulose). Thus the prediction is that no or very little wood material would be laid down adjacent to the implant. The results show exactly the stated prediction as shown in figure BA1-4, where no deposition of wood material is seen around the implant.

Figure BA1-4: Bone growth around a copper implant.

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• Results obtained from the steel implant (ferromagnetic material) It is predicted from the Noble Qur’an that no wood material would be deposited adjacent to the implant. This is seen exactly in the results obtained for the steel implant as shown in figure BA1-5, where no wood growth is seen at all adjacent to the implant.

Figure BA1-5: Bone growth around steel implant.

The importance of the previous experiment: The previous experiment demonstrates the following aspects: 1. The response of the structural system of plants (i.e. wood material) is exactly like the response of the structural system of the human body (i.e. bone material). This opens new grounds for testing on plants and carrying the results over to the human body.
2. Scientific proof supporting the conclusion from the Noble Qur’an with

regards to the magnetic fields generated from weaved ropes molecules (for example collagen and cellulose) being the mechanism by which these molecules see each other and by which they are organized and guided in their growth.

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