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PHY 5346 HW Set 4 Solutions – Kimel

1. 2.8 The system is pictured below

a) Using the known potential for a line charge, the two line charges above give the potential

r

2

1 0 ln r

r

V, a constant. Let us define V 4 0 V

Then the above equation can be written

Writing r 2

r − R
r ′
r

2 V

e

or r 2

2 , the above can be written

R
r
V
e − 1

2

r 2 e

R 2 e

V

V

V

e

1 2

The equation is that of a circle whose center is at ẑ

b) The geometry of the system is shown in the fugure.

R

e

V

1

, and whose radius is a

Re

V

2

V

e 1

 Note that with d 1 and a Forming

d R d 1 d 2

V a ′
R −1 ,
e
Re V a
2
,
V a
e
− 1

d 2

b

R

V b

e

1

Re V b

2

V b

e

1

or

d 2 a 2 b 2

or

Thus we can write

2
2
R
R
Re V a
2
R
V a
−V b
V a ′
−1
e
−1
e
e
− 1
V a
−V b
R 2
e
1
d 2 − a 2 − b 2
−V b
V a
e
− 1 e
− 1
2
Re −V b
−V b
e
− 1

V a ′
−V b
e
1
−V b
2e V a
2
e
2

V a V b

1

V a
−V b
− V a ′
−V b
e
2
e
2
2

d 2 a 2 b 2

2ab

V a
− V b
2
2 0

cosh

2 0 cosh 1

Q/L

V a

b

V

d 2 − a 2 − b 2
2ab

V a V b

Capacitance/unit length C

L

d 2 a 2 b 2

2 ab

cosh 1

c) Suppose a 2

d 2 , and b 2

d 2 , and a

ab , then

C

2 0

2 0

2

1

or

or

d 2 1 − a 2 b 2 /d 2
2 0 L
ln
a ′2
C
C
2 0
L
d 2
1− a 2 b 2 /d 2
ln
a ′2
Let us defind 2 a 2 b 2 /d 2 , then
C
2 0
0
0
2
2
L
d 2
1− 2
ln d 2
ln 2 d 2
ln
a ′2
a ′2
a ′2

2

O 4

The first term of this result agree with problem 1.7, and the second term gives the appropriate correction asked for.

d) In this case, we must take the opposite sign for d 2 a 2 b 2 , since a 2 b 2 d 2 . Thus

If we use the identiy, ln x

C
2 0
L
a 2 b 2 −d 2
cosh −1
2a ′2
x 2 − 1 cosh −1 x , G.&R., p. 50., then for d 0

C

L

2 0

ln

a 2 b 2

2ab

a 2 b 2

2ab

in agreement with problem 1.6.

2 0

a
ln
b