ERIC EVANGELISTA Chapter 16 ONCOLOGY NURSING CONCEPTS Pages 93,94, 95 I. interpretation, completion, and comparrison Multiple choice 1. B. Second 2. A.

African Americans 3. D. All of the above 4. D. Race 5. D. all of the above 6. C. ham and bacon 7. A. excisional biopsy 8. D. Counsel the patient about the possibility of losing her breast. 9. B. Cryosurgery 10. C. Prophylactic surgery 11. B. Cordotomy 12. C. disrupts mitosis by slowing dividing cells. 13. D. accomplish all of the above 14. B. Maintain as much distance as possible from the patient while in the room 15. D. targets normal body cells as well as cancer cells. 16. B. Nervous system 17. A. apply warm compresses to the phlebitic area. 18. A. encourage fluid intake to dilute urine 19. D. Lower serum and uric acid levels 20. D. all of the above 21. A. Bladder 22. D. doing all of the above 23. D. Staphylococcus 24. D. thrombocytopenia Page 96

SHORT ANSWER 1. Men: Lung Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Colorectal Cancer Female: Lung Cancer, Breast Cancer, Colorectal Cancer 2. The causes of cancer includes genetic factors, lifestyle such as use of tobacco, diet, physical activity, certain types of infection, and environmental exposure to different types of chemical and radiation. 3. Carcinoembryonic antigen and prostate-specific antigen

shedding of skin (desquamation) Oral mucosa: stomatitis. chronic absence of proactive substances in diet. and mitomycin. G. RBCs (anemia). Skin: alopecia. Absence of blood return from the intravenous catheter. D. interferon. leukopenia. xerostomia (dryness of the mouth). Lymph and blood 5. change and loss of taste Stomach or colon: anorexia. E. A. vomiting. long term ingestion of carcinogens. 9. co-carcinogens. resistance to flow of intravenous fluid. PAGE 97 Matching Match the term listed in the column with associated definition 1. T lymphocytes. Monoclonal Antibodies 6. and foods containing nitrates or nitrites. Myelosuppression results: Decreased production of blood cells. Cisplatin. high caloric dietary intake (increase risk) 10. B. methotrexate. swelling. pain in the site. Apoptosis 3. Macrophages. redness at the site 13. Tobacco smoke 7. 75% 6. Angiogenesis 2. Fats. Premenopausal breast cancer and ovarian cancer syndrome 8. erythema. alcohol. Nausea and vomiting 14. Radiofrequency ablation 4. Nadir 5.4. and natural killer cells 11. broccoli. thrombocytopenia 12. cauliflower (reduce risk). salt-cured or smoked meats.Vesican . F. Cabbage. nausea Bone marrow-producing sites: anemia. decreases the number of WBCs (leukopenia). and platelets (thrombocytopenia) Increased risk in: infection and bleeding 15. lymphokines.

Doxorubicen – bone marrow suppression. Miscellaneous agent. H. Alkylating agent. Nitrosourea. 2. Incisional biopsy 4. Alkylating agent.Lumostine (CCNU).delayed cumulative myelo-suppression 6. lymphokines: Interleukins 7. vomiting.methotrexate.bone marrow suppression.anorexia. C. H.Estrogen. .nausea. stomatitis 8. alopecia 2. C Cytokines Match the neoplasm 1. palliative surgery 5. Hormonal Agent. F. E.ifosfamide. stomatitis. renal and hepatotoxicity 9. jaundice.Neuropathy 10. A. A.cisplatin. cystitis. from an identical twin 6. Stomatitis 5. Escherichia Coli : Gram negative 10. 2. Alkylating agent.bone marrow suppression 11. anaphylaxis.renal toxicity.Thiotepa. Antitumor antibiotics. Antimetabolites. mylotarg: Leukemia Page 99 Part A. Topoisomerase 1 inhibitors – Irinotecan. C. nausea. To provide individualized education and recommendation for continued surveillance and care in high risk population. antimetabolites. 4.asparginase.5 fluorouracil (5-FU) – Nausea. hypotension Page 98 1.Hypercalcemia. alopecia: hair loss 8. Vomiting. Plant alkaloid/ mitotic spindle – Vincristine. D. 5. 3. G. cardiac toxicity 7.bone marrow suppression. B. vomiting. diarrhea 3. cachexia: loss of body weight 9. Grading: refers to the classification of the tumor cells 3. increased appetite 4.7. Xerostomia 8. Malignant Benign Benign Malignant Malignant Match the Drug Category 1. A.

D. 4. impaired nutritional status may contribute to disease progression. 7. A. delayed tissue repair. Escherichia coli. 3. C. 6. tissue manipulation during surgery 5. attitudes and values regarding all of the above. candida albicans 8. Fear. C. B. Denial 5. and communicating their concerns with each other. assist in framing questions and concerns. and decrease capacity to continue antineoplastic therapy. Leukopenia 8. INFECTION 7. increased incidence of infection. diminished functional ability. 9. 6. pseudomonas aeruginosa. C. immune incompetence. fatigue. and social isolation. hematemesis Part B. D. apprehension. All of the above. D. denial 4. genetics 2. Hypertension . C. A.1. A. B. anger. 3. Lymphocytes count of 20% 2. her lungs may possibly produce more mucus. 1. identifying resources and support people. use of heat lamp once daily directed at the site.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.