Sarthi B. Bhavsar, Yogesh D. Rathod, Sunil H. Kukadiya, Gaurang A. Parmar, Jigar K.

Sevalia
/ International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622
www.ijera.com Vol. 3, Issue 3, May-Jun 2013, pp.363-383

Dynamic Analysis of R.C.C. Frame Structure for Looms Industry
Sarthi B. Bhavsar *, Yogesh D. Rathod**, Sunil H. Kukadiya **,
Gaurang A. Parmar**, Jigar K. Sevalia***
* (UG Student, Civil Engineering Department, Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat,
Gujarat, India,)
** (UG Student, Civil Engineering Department, Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat,
Gujarat, India,)
*** (Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology,
Surat, Gujarat, India,)

ABSTRACT
All real physical structures, when
subjected to loads or displacements, behave
dynamically. Industrial Building which are
equipped with machineries are bound to be
subjected to vibrations. Problems of the
dynamics of bases and foundations are important
from an economic standpoint as well therefore, to
understand the response characteristics of the
power looms industry structure, dynamic
analysis was carried out for Ground + One
Storey industry framed structure using
STAAD.Pro software. In this paper, an attempt
has been made to study the effects of various
structural parameters like Beam Size, Column
Size and Storey Height variation on Frequency
and Displacement of the industry building which
will fill the lacunae by serving as guidelines to
structural engineers and industry people.

Keywords: Looms Industry, Vibration, Time
History, Displacement, Modes, Frequency, Storey
Height.

1. INTRODUCTION
Technical and industrial progress is
accompanied by an increase in the number of
machines in use and the growth of their power.
Looms Machines are one of the vital part of Textile
Industries. Moreover the serviceability of the
building structure plays a vital role on the
production rate of materials. Rapid industrialization
of the country involves production of new
machineries with high operating speed of Looms
Machine. The high operating speed of machines
imparts vibration on the building structure which
leads to the development of new branch of
mechanics as industrial seismology.
ACI Committee (2004) has presented various design
criteria, analysis procedure and construction practice
for dynamic equipment for industry people. Bhatia
K. G.(2008) states that the need of dynamic analysis
arose due to the high ratings of machines in industry
which poses higher problems with respect to safety.
European Forum Reciprocating Compressors
(EFRC) (2009) has established certain procedures
and guidelines for the measurement and

Classification of vibrations generated due to the
reciprocating machines. Hasmukh Rai B (1996)
explains about the beating-up motion which is the
main source of vibration in Looms Machine.
IS:2974 (Part I) – 1982 (Reaffirmed 1998) covers
the design and construction of foundations for
machines of the reciprocating type which normally
generate steady state vibration and is of a size for
which a rigid block type foundation is normally
used. It also aids in the guidelines that are necessary
for the design and analysis of foundations for
reciprocating machines. Wachel J.C. and Tison J.D
(1994) has described about the adverse effect due to
the reciprocating machines which can be the main
reason of fatigue failure on structural members, and
the lateral forces are generated on the building
structure. Reciprocating machines generates
numerous harmonics, and vibration problems in
building. John Wolf P. and Andrew Deeks J. (1988)
explain about the simplification of ground response
for dynamic analysis through a lumped mass model
and assuming the nature of soil in plastic form.
Nurdeen Raja A. (2011) has explained about the
beat-up mechanism which includes impulsemomentum method for analysis of the narrow loom
with impulsive force and discontinuous velocities.
Sen Huang (2007) states that for dynamic analysis
of structural system a mathematical model is to be
made for generating accurate, efficient response of
the structure. Srinavasulu P. and Vaidyanath C.V.
(2003) states the reason for the dynamic force that is
generated in looms machines is due to the
reciprocating movement of sley and the impact force
of the shuttle. Snowden D.C (1967) has explained
the harmonic force generated due the working of
plain power looms. Victor Wowk has presented his
ideas on deciding the strategy in analysing the
vibrations produced by machines. His strategy of
analysis includes: identifying source of vibration,
calculating its frequency and amplitude and analyse
the severity of this amplitude. The source of
vibration was identified to be as the beating-up
motion. Vijay K. Puri and Shamsher Prakash (2006)
describes about the special considerations to be
taken for machine foundation and classifies
machines in mainly three categories which are

363 | P a g e

Sarthi B. Bhavsar, Yogesh D. Rathod, Sunil H. Kukadiya, Gaurang A. Parmar, Jigar K. Sevalia
/ International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622
www.ijera.com Vol. 3, Issue 3, May-Jun 2013, pp.363-383
Reciprocating, Rotary and Impact. Looms Machine
in this study lies under reciprocating machines
having speed less than 600 rpm.

2. METHODOLOGY
The methodology of this paper includes
reconnaissance survey, collection of necessary
machine data, preparation of drawing of industrial
floor plan showing machine position of existing
building using CAD Software, modeling of R.C.C
Frame of Ground + One Storey structure using
STAAD.Pro, graphical presentation of results for

various mode shapes, frequency and displacement
with respect to various Beam sizes, Column sizes
and Storey height.
The structure has a single bay having plan
dimension of standard size 5.130 m x 25.685 m as
shown in the fig. 1 and 2. The foundation is
assumed to be resting at 3.0 m depth below Ground
Level and plinth level is assumed to be 0.7 m
above ground level. The floor heights considered in
this course of study are varying as it is described in
the Table 1. The dynamic analysis is done for
Ground floor + First floor with single bay.

Table 1 A Building Unit having various Parameters and their Sizes
Various Parameters
Sizes
Beam Size (mm x mm)
230 x 460, 230 x 540, 230 x 610, 230 x 685, 230 x 765
Column Size (mm x mm)
230 x 460, 230 x 540, 230 x 610, 230 x 685, 230 x 765
Storey Height ( m)
3.000, 3.660, 4.267, 4.870
Slab Thickness (mm)
130

2.1 Shuttle Loom Machine Data
 Size of Machine = 2.69 m x 1.65 m x 1.54 m
 Operating Speed = 160 rpm
 Dimensions of Sley = 171 cm x 4.5 cm x 7.5
cm
 Mass of Sley = 15kg
 Operating Frequency = 2.67 Hz

2.2 Loads acting on the Structure
 Self-Weight considering density of R.C.C. as
25 kN/m3
 Water-proofing Load = 1.5 kN/m2
 Weight of Floor-Finishing Load = 0.8 kN/m2
 Live Load = 2 kN/m2
 Weight of Machine = 10 kN
 Time History Load as a function of sine wave
having an amplitude of 1.67 kN and frequency
of 2.67 Hz.

Storey Height (H) = 3.000 m, 3.660 m,
4.267 m, 4.870 m

Fig.1 Front Elevation of Looms Industry

364 | P a g e

2 Typical Floor Plan of Looms Industry of Ground Floor and First Floor 365 | P a g e . Kukadiya. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. 3. Jigar K. Yogesh D. Rathod.Sarthi B. Bhavsar. May-Jun 2013. Parmar. Issue 3. Sunil H. pp.363-383 Fig.com Vol. Gaurang A.ijera.

Sunil H. Gaurang A. 5 2D View of a Building Structure Model in Y-Z Plane in STAAD. Jigar K. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. Parmar.com Vol.ijera.363-383 Fig.Pro Fig. 4 2D View of a Building Structure Model for Looms Industry in X-Y Plane in STAAD. pp. 3 3D View of a Building Structure Model for Looms Industry in STAAD. Yogesh D. Bhavsar. May-Jun 2013. Kukadiya. 3. Rathod.Sarthi B.Pro 366 | P a g e .Pro Fig. Issue 3.

326 1.Direction (For Column size 230 mm x 460 mm) Beam Size (mm x mm) 230 x 460 Height of Storey (m) Frequency (Hz) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 3. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.552 1.922 2.684 5.810 4.141 1. May-Jun 2013. Yogesh D.767 4.090 Hz) (e) Mode 5 (4.000 1.668 Hz) Fig.ijera. Parmar.407 3.224 4.333 4.127 Hz) (b) Mode 2(1. pp.985 1.6 Typical Modes Shapes of the Building Unit 3.477 Hz) (c) Mode 3 (2.753 3.642 2.082 3.267 1.660 1. 3.582 6. Rathod.501 5.415 2.021 4. Result: Table 2 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z .808 2.225 1.870 0.614 4.107 Hz) (f) Mode 6 (4.222 367 | P a g e .Sarthi B.446 4.363-383 (a) Mode 1 (1.550 Hz) (d) Mode 4 (3. Jigar K. Kukadiya. Issue 3.com Vol. Gaurang A. Sunil H. Bhavsar.772 3.

Issue 3.660 2.330 2.ijera. Rathod.297 4. May-Jun 2013.617 2.742 3.188 1.111 4.771 3.267 1.063 3.738 2.com Vol.716 6.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 540 mm (c) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.257 2.594 3.280 2.461 1.405 2.267 4.020 1.019 4.474 4.000 1.069 3. Jigar K.870 1.267 2.267 1.103 3.Sarthi B.717 6.660 1.699 2.280 3.569 3.402 2.962 2.037 3.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 460 mm (b) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.387 1.022 1.456 4.815 4.181 1.518 4.644 4.232 4.597 5.271 4.770 5.736 3.077 4.267 4.451 2.597 5.870 4.565 4.503 2.870 1.870 1.029 4.758 4.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 685 mm 368 | P a g e .827 4.738 2.350 2.Direction (For Column Size 230 mm x 460 mm) Beam Size (mm x mm) Height of Storey (m) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 610 mm (d) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.870 1.275 1.277 1.426 4.698 3. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.729 5.654 3.396 1.175 4.528 3.951 4.689 6. Yogesh D.194 1.639 3.636 2.752 5.929 2.481 2. Gaurang A. Kukadiya. pp.183 3.417 4.489 1.660 1.572 5.637 2.000 1.173 1.022 3.475 4.363-383 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.010 (a) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.888 3.000 1. Bhavsar.205 2.230 4.367 1.077 4.510 2.032 4.726 2.797 4. 3.625 2.634 3.262 4.193 1.989 2.024 1. Sunil H.100 4.660 1.000 3.260 2.601 1.488 2.820 4.660 1.000 1.252 2.265 1.682 6.952 3.009 1.467 4.396 1.146 3.112 4.267 2.413 4.447 2.057 Table 3 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z .234 3.283 4. Parmar.036 3.576 5.772 4.760 5.144 2.816 2.

Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 765 mm (f) Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z – Direction Fig.650 4. pp.443 1.331 3.ijera.197 1.280 7.366 3.000 1. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.755 2.660 1.072 3.945 4.481 3.048 7.469 1.312 2.202 3.215 3.739 3.870 1.858 6.7 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency and Horizontal Displacement (For Column size 230 mm x 460 mm) Table 4 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z .081 1.405 2.413 2.com Vol. Bhavsar. Yogesh D.267 4.479 3. Sunil H.081 5.471 2.241 3.707 4.376 2.636 2.630 2.822 4.870 1.660 1.475 2.050 3.127 4.246 5.191 5.462 4.870 1.514 1.740 3.660 1.763 6.395 3.461 2. Gaurang A.512 3.475 3. Kukadiya.876 3.611 1.551 4.419 4.272 1.870 1.199 3.929 4.889 4.Direction (For Column Size 230 mm x 540 mm) Frequency (Hz) Beam Size Height of Storey (mm x mm) (m) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 Mode 6 3.228 3.Sarthi B.942 4.000 1.915 4.120 3.065 1.149 3.176 3.267 4.577 1.842 4.279 3.609 4.267 1. 3.629 2.056 3.402 2.267 4.909 6.200 4.238 1.391 1.054 5.235 5.790 4.659 4.870 1.749 4.000 1.900 3.000 1.453 4.388 2. Parmar.363 2.923 3.237 3.363-383 (e) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.267 4.488 1.691 2.364 2.062 5.534 2.833 2.988 5.044 4.264 7.817 4.747 2.896 6.259 1.289 7. Jigar K.347 369 | P a g e .741 2.000 1.723 2.697 2.088 1.660 1.269 1.910 3. Rathod.438 3. May-Jun 2013.951 4. Issue 3.806 4.230 5.554 4.486 4.180 4.937 4.078 5.660 1.898 6.079 5.033 1.733 4.449 3.484 1.630 1.088 1.795 4.197 7.713 4.

Issue 3.142 3.660 2.com Vol.928 2. May-Jun 2013.ijera.406 3.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 540 mm (c) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z. Sunil H.369 2.017 2. 3.000 3.870 3.312 2.206 2. Bhavsar.194 2. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. Gaurang A.267 2.240 2.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 685 mm (e) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.Sarthi B.149 2.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 460 mm (b) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.315 2.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 765 mm (f) Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z – Direction Fig.144 4.081 2.896 (a) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z. Kukadiya.153 4.280 2.363-383 Table 5 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z . Yogesh D.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 610 mm (d) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.260 2.221 2. Jigar K. Rathod.309 2.Direction (For Column Size 230 mm x 540 mm) Beam Size (mm x mm) Height of Storey (m) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.004 2. Parmar.8 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency and Horizontal Displacement (For Column size 230 mm x 540 mm) 370 | P a g e . pp.

992 3. Yogesh D.117 5.151 2.550 3. Gaurang A.363-383 Table 6 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z .239 5.092 2.158 3.626 3.740 3.499 3.267 4.767 7.552 2.783 4.000 1.688 2. Rathod.439 1.642 3. Parmar.092 2. pp.644 5.432 3.806 4.515 4.044 4.660 1.093 2.002 4.660 1.870 1.487 4.823 2.079 6.821 4.038 4. May-Jun 2013.377 2.555 3.963 6.870 1.000 1. Kukadiya.799 2.660 1.267 2.107 5.660 1.395 6.390 4.238 1.505 3.Direction (For Column Size 230 mm x 610 mm) Frequency (Hz) Beam Size Height of Storey (mm x mm) (m) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 230 x 460 230 x 50 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 Mode 6 3.660 2.038 2.192 4.045 4.838 2.848 4.228 4.156 5.265 3.640 3.617 3.988 4.208 2. 3.086 4.078 4.000 3.337 3.870 1.477 2.137 1.604 3.607 7.140 1.870 2.090 4.282 5.Direction (For Column Size 230 mm x 610 mm) Beam Size (mm x mm) Height of Storey (m) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.542 5.073 5.577 Table 7 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z .760 2.134 2.713 2.206 5.056 2.704 7.405 4.416 7.660 1.560 2.com Vol.107 1.705 3.234 2.148 6.799 2.756 3.105 4.037 3.381 4.270 2.556 4.590 3.934 2.179 2.511 2.267 4.596 2. Jigar K.586 2.870 1. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.098 4.327 1.273 5.111 3.267 4.070 4.049 3.645 5.145 4.287 1.612 5.533 1.741 1.439 3.605 4.870 1.441 2.Sarthi B.267 1. Issue 3.753 4.102 5.634 3.138 2.312 1.692 3. Bhavsar.591 3.332 1.127 1.983 4.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 540 mm 371 | P a g e .628 4. Sunil H.000 1.069 1.153 6.000 1.826 4.893 2.000 1.267 1.666 1.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 460 mm (b) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.668 3.907 4.271 3.638 5.452 (a) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.755 7.500 1.132 6.935 3.956 4.510 2.833 2.957 5.012 2.712 1.988 4.029 3.770 5.270 5.216 2.ijera.

290 7. Bhavsar.660 1.441 4.395 4.139 7.870 1.267 4.052 5.219 2.956 3.224 5.141 4.748 3.000 1. Yogesh D.751 5.031 3.469 4.700 6.000 1.153 3.com Vol. Gaurang A.592 2.560 3.276 1.Sarthi B.660 1.267 4.248 4.593 3.ijera.478 6.392 5.528 4.173 4.660 1.876 3. Jigar K.440 3.267 4.901 2.553 2.984 6. Kukadiya. May-Jun 2013.436 2.222 5.042 6.363 2.205 4. 3.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 685 mm (e) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.514 2.692 3.000 1.807 3.461 5.503 4.871 2.484 1.315 5.042 3.334 5.415 5.870 1. Issue 3.009 7.870 1.420 5.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 610 mm (d) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.218 7.147 1.253 3.742 2.094 5.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 765 mm (f) Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z – Direction Fig.296 4. pp.267 1.660 1.711 4.130 4.332 1.386 4.916 3.851 372 | P a g e .Direction (For Column Size 230 mm x 685 mm) Frequency (Hz) Beam Size Height of Storey (mm x mm) (m) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 3.358 7.903 4.363-383 (c) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.349 4.170 1.924 3.390 7. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.153 4.199 4.894 3.617 2.870 1.962 3.102 3.184 1. Rathod.291 4.382 1.848 1.657 3.824 2.336 4.363 1.000 1.798 3.767 5.805 3.777 7.102 1.205 4.154 6.9 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency and Horizontal Displacement (For Column size 230 mm x 610 mm) Table 8 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z .929 3.807 1. Sunil H.962 3.531 5.225 5.885 6. Parmar.926 3.883 4.653 1.786 2.

190 1.363-383 230 x 765 3.179 2.254 7. Issue 3.188 2.874 3. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.045 1. pp.566 4.394 7.809 3. May-Jun 2013.983 1.046 1. 3.ijera.613 3.10 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency and Horizontal Displacement (For Column size 230 mm x 685 mm) 373 | P a g e .109 2. Jigar K.Direction (For Column Size 230 mm x 685 mm) Beam Size (mm x mm) Height of Storey (m) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.473 6.com Vol.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 540 mm (c) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.267 1.212 4. Parmar.185 5. Bhavsar.803 Table 9 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z .016 4.798 5.391 1.319 2.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 610 mm (d) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.916 2.062 6.077 4. Yogesh D.870 1.870 2.121 2.014 3.684 5.992 1.049 (a) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.982 3.100 2.185 4.000 2.423 4. Sunil H.039 1.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 685 mm (e) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z. Kukadiya.660 2.539 2.629 2.267 2.116 2.000 1.160 2.082 2.660 1. Rathod.924 4.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 765 mm (f) Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z – Direction Fig.943 4.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 460 mm (b) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.113 2.473 3. Gaurang A.238 4.Sarthi B.

262 5.648 2.405 4.672 5.204 4.334 7.ijera.856 3.574 7.660 1. May-Jun 2013.641 6.682 5.966 2. Issue 3.660 1.490 2.447 1.270 4.267 4. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.350 4.721 5.195 2. Gaurang A.968 1.435 1.000 1.326 5.313 3.000 3.593 4.975 2.870 1.669 4.603 2.672 8.359 5. 3.466 5. Rathod.660 2.967 3.870 1.347 6. Kukadiya.103 2.393 5.632 7.950 1.178 3.031 1.119 3.581 3.640 5. Parmar.742 5.211 1.267 4.942 1.791 2.342 3.446 4.548 4.486 4.870 1.342 4.Sarthi B.000 1.179 3.995 2.000 1.715 1.374 1. Yogesh D.583 6.842 4.892 1.815 4.721 5. Jigar K.316 4.267 4.819 3.093 2.131 8.670 6.524 1.137 5.963 5.024 Table 11 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z-Direction (For Column Size 230 mm x 765 mm) Beam Size (mm x mm) Height of Storey (m) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.289 3.514 4.825 1.016 2. pp.684 5.988 3.734 8.449 5.870 2.263 2.927 1. Bhavsar.428 6.870 1.619 7.879 1.311 1.000 1.884 2.573 4.com Vol.480 3.310 3.492 7.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 460 mm (b) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.321 3.040 3.562 8. Sunil H.410 4.183 1.478 4.Direction (For Column Size 230 mm x 765 mm) Frequency (Hz) Beam Size Height of Storey (mm x mm) (m) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 Mode 6 3.267 4.495 4.148 3.755 4.938 2.593 5.639 3.947 2.600 3.065 1.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 540 mm 374 | P a g e .931 1.682 3.219 6.696 2.541 5.243 3.087 2.987 3.160 4.000 1.660 1.660 1.237 1.226 4.267 1.411 1.660 1.482 5.072 3.401 8.196 3.666 3.533 4.870 1.362 6.712 3.113 3.999 5.679 2.950 3.352 5.895 1.007 4.594 5.988 1.668 6.817 3.000 1.999 6.433 4.132 1.003 1.267 2.909 3.932 5.229 1.880 (a) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.363-383 Table 10 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z .

Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 610 mm (d) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.069 1.742 2.441 4. Issue 3.922 2.808 3.684 5.767 4.333 4.ijera.484 1.963 6. May-Jun 2013.224 2.154 6. Kukadiya.000 1.916 3. pp.326 1.638 3.267 4. Sunil H.205 4.291 4.407 3.751 5.988 5.660 1.376 2.660 1.749 4.com Vol.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 685 mm (e) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.700 6.985 1.552 1.983 4.810 4. 3.660 1.446 4.642 2.238 1.413 2.870 1. Jigar K.740 3.377 2.082 1.514 1.487 4.582 6.772 3.436 2.141 0.707 4.033 1.222 5.660 1.366 3.740 3. Rathod.225 2.276 1.512 3.753 4.265 3.688 2.222 3.591 2.363-383 (c) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.415 1.586 1.048 7.439 1.937 4. Gaurang A. Yogesh D.755 2.253 3.Sarthi B.416 7.156 5.315 5.267 4.440 3.267 4.200 4.153 4.763 6.786 2.192 4.237 3.072 3.002 4.Direction for Beam Size 230 mm x 765 mm (f) Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z – Direction Fig.312 2.000 1.692 3.988 5.11 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency and Horizontal Displacement (For Column size 230 mm x 765 mm) Table 12 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z -Direction (For Beam Size 230 mm x 460 mm) Frequency (Hz) Column Size Height of Storey (mm x mm) (m) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 3. Bhavsar.962 3.915 4.962 375 | P a g e .653 1.197 1.614 4. Parmar.037 4.395 6.021 3.501 5.391 1. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.630 2.838 2.556 3.056 3.777 7.000 1.081 5.000 1.158 3.903 4.870 1.870 1.267 4.102 1.604 3.870 1.

216 2. Yogesh D.Direction Fig.791 2.466 5.160 5.410 4.132 1.311 1.870 4. pp. Parmar.600 3.270 2.684 4.000 1. Jigar K.539 2.816 2. 3.131 8.12 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency and Horizontal Displacement (For Beam size 230 mm x 460 mm) 376 | P a g e .267 2.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 765 mm (f) Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z .819 5.262 4.com Vol.503 2.093 4.490 2.309 2.334 7.363-383 230 x 765 3.342 3. Issue 3.660 1.310 3.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 540 mm (c)Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.ijera.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 610 mm (d) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.406 2. Gaurang A.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 685 mm (e) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.999 6.524 1.087 3.Sarthi B.405 2.870 1.234 2.315 2. Bhavsar.179 2.966 3.573 4.369 2. Rathod.999 5.267 1. Kukadiya.449 5.660 2.988 3.160 2.893 2.644 3.000 2.121 2.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 460 mm (b) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.715 2.178 Table 13 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z-Direction (For Beam Size 230 mm x 460 mm) Column Size (mm x mm) Height of Storey (m) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.195 (a) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.031 4. May-Jun 2013. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. Sunil H.

183 1. Yogesh D.134 2.889 4.705 3.147 1.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 540 mm 377 | P a g e .267 2.267 4.935 3.326 4.238 1.107 1.332 1.660 1.267 1.000 1.885 6.577 1.475 3.000 1.363-383 Table 14 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z -Direction (For Beam Size 230 mm x 540 mm) Frequency (Hz) Column Size Height of Storey (mm x mm) (m) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.267 1.248 4.660 1.443 1.069 3.767 5.000 1.503 4. Parmar.534 2. Issue 3.666 1.000 3.191 5.617 2.581 2.094 5.000 1.219 6.116 2.825 3.659 4.657 3.590 3.858 6.449 3.755 4.202 3.514 2.257 2.583 6.267 4.078 4.312 2.280 2.500 1.374 1.ijera.565 4.441 2.660 1. Bhavsar.461 2.451 2.342 5.052 5.183 3.799 2.205 4.283 4.000 (a) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.909 5.572 5.553 2. Sunil H.870 1.208 2.290 7.492 7.000 1.870 1.748 3.601 1.806 4.856 3.com Vol.593 5.263 3.173 1.528 3.542 5.054 5.031 3.271 3.016 4.753 4. 3.660 1.988 4.401 8.415 5.260 2.870 4.461 1.065 1.109 2. May-Jun 2013.145 4.945 4.752 5.713 2. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.956 3.386 4.Sarthi B.870 1.495 4.888 3.815 4.215 3.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 460 mm (b) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.319 2.239 5.363 2.870 1.951 4.956 4.148 Table 15 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z-Direction (For Beam Size 230 mm x 540 mm) Column Size (mm x mm) Height of Storey (m) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3. Rathod.824 2.833 2.393 5.699 2.419 4.640 4.870 1. Jigar K.149 3.009 1.742 3.009 7.691 2.929 3.395 4.660 1.271 3.682 6.142 2.119 3.929 4.179 2.475 4.989 2.603 2.607 7. Kukadiya.336 4.533 4.228 4.330 2.181 1.367 1. Gaurang A.082 1.439 3. pp.079 6.042 3.660 2.287 1.197 7.313 3.103 2.073 5.221 2.267 4.760 2.617 3.770 5.884 2.772 4.

957 5.469 4.267 4.438 3.660 1.474 4.469 1.279 3.107 5.388 2.199 3.771 4.592 2.273 5.188 1.876 3.13 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency and Horizontal Displacement (For Beam size 230 mm x 540 mm) Table 16 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z -Direction (For Beam Size 230 mm x 610 mm) Frequency (Hz) Column Size Height of Storey (mm x mm) (m) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 3.640 3.078 5.390 4. Rathod.259 1.984 6.349 4.704 7.726 2.806 4.146 3.555 3.711 4.199 4.387 1.392 4.127 1. Sunil H.625 2.609 4.934 2.475 2.612 5.870 1.533 1.264 7.723 2.660 1.334 5.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 765 mm (f) Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z .518 4.668 3. Issue 3.044 4.130 5.611 1.176 3.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 685 mm (e) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.951 4.312 1.Sarthi B.842 4.358 7.717 6.870 1.698 3.234 1.870 1.139 7.com Vol.077 3.481 1. Bhavsar.000 1.871 2.461 5.267 1. 3.554 4.267 4.020 1.363-383 (c) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.594 3.926 3. Jigar K. Yogesh D.098 4.799 2.477 2.000 1. Kukadiya.102 3.363 1.029 4.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 610 mm (d) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.929 3.Direction Fig.219 3. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. May-Jun 2013.870 1.275 2.894 378 | P a g e .898 6.022 3. Gaurang A.597 5.224 4.907 4.337 3.235 5.090 4.822 4.770 5. Parmar.000 1.629 2.827 4.081 1. pp.560 2.807 3.550 3.170 1.232 4.798 5.660 1.712 1.660 1.992 3.132 6.805 3.479 3.ijera.267 4.000 1.262 2.

151 2.267 2.046 1.000 2.593 4.065 3.149 2.950 5. pp.113 Table 17 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z-Direction (For Beam Size 230 mm x 610 mm) Column Size (mm x mm) Height of Storey (m) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.092 2.870 1.486 4. Rathod.347 6. Bhavsar.648 2.211 1.510 2.138 2.660 1.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 460 mm (b) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z. Kukadiya. Gaurang A. Sunil H.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 610 mm (d) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.240 2. Parmar.260 2.446 5.672 5.352 4.480 3.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 765 mm Horizontal Displacement in Z .267 2.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 540 mm (c) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.411 1.660 2.Direction Fig.188 1.895 3.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 685 mm (e) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency (f) Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on in Z.000 1.574 7.040 3.968 (a) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z. Jigar K.641 6.ijera.596 2.007 4.111 3.Sarthi B.204 4.870 4.682 5.14 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency and Horizontal Displacement (For Beam size 230 mm x 610 mm) 379 | P a g e . 3.com Vol.947 4.363-383 230 x 765 3. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.113 2.938 2.004 2.267 1.039 1.639 3.594 4.402 2. Yogesh D.289 3.942 4.562 8. May-Jun 2013. Issue 3.

660 1.265 1.000 3.669 4.551 4.086 4.246 5.942 4.270 4.481 3.435 1.952 3.420 4.755 7.528 4.879 4.081 2.505 3.428 6.269 1.153 6.359 4.478 6.848 4.103 3.184 1.870 4.642 3. Rathod.093 2.870 1.196 3.267 4. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.243 3.381 4.079 5.967 5.716 6.206 2. Parmar.668 6.992 1.471 2.738 2.228 3.350 2.741 2.499 3.626 3.489 1.823 2.252 2.433 4.282 5.092 1.063 3.396 1.120 3.000 1.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 460 mm (b) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.447 2.541 4.660 1.983 2.019 2.634 3.Sarthi B.175 4.045 4.117 5.876 3.194 2.137 1. Bhavsar.892 4.514 5.363 3.226 4.636 2.679 2.267 4.672 8.660 1.267 4.395 3.924 3.484 1.900 3.870 1.000 1.ijera.225 4.100 1.593 2. May-Jun 2013.077 4.402 2. 3.331 3. pp. Issue 3.515 4.617 2.045 1.870 1.790 4.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 540 mm 380 | P a g e .630 1.660 1.928 2.758 4.660 1.883 4.650 4.975 2.666 3.036 3.382 1.644 5.760 5.456 4.072 Table 19 Effect of Beam Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z-Direction (For Beam Size 230 mm x 685 mm) Column Size (mm x mm) Height of Storey (m) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.467 4.870 1.597 5.038 2. Kukadiya.218 7.639 3.127 4.826 4.267 1.552 2.280 2.870 1.634 3.721 5.851 3.289 7.901 2.267 2.619 7.267 1.153 3.000 1.697 2.660 2.042 6.909 6.927 (a) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.390 7.807 5.327 1.029 3.511 2.950 3.003 1.531 5. Sunil H.817 4.173 5.363-383 Table 18 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z -Direction (For Beam Size 230 mm x 685 mm) Frequency (Hz) Column Size Height of Storey (mm x mm) (m) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.229 1.000 1.820 4.102 5.088 1.com Vol. Yogesh D.194 1. Gaurang A.000 1.024 1. Jigar K.741 1.141 4.205 2.682 3.932 5.056 2.296 4.848 3.

332 1.050 3.729 5.000 1.241 3.510 3. Rathod.896 6.645 5.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 685 mm (e) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z. Parmar.660 1.032 3. pp.689 6.347 3. 3.803 381 | P a g e .112 4. Bhavsar. May-Jun 2013.014 3.193 1.473 3.363-383 (c) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.230 5.280 7. Kukadiya.077 4.821 4.833 2.569 3.270 5.394 7.577 3.736 4.660 1.180 4.111 2.000 1.486 4.105 4.049 3.692 3.206 5.738 2.413 4.660 1.426 4.923 4.000 1.185 4.088 1. Jigar K.767 7.870 1.185 4.062 6.405 2.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 765 mm (f) Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z .396 1. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www.000 1.280 1.267 4.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 610 mm (d) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.190 1.391 1.870 1.798 3.809 3.733 4.488 1.148 6.062 5.560 2.277 2.654 3.797 4.267 4.100 4.Direction Fig.739 2.462 3.713 4.423 5.238 4.756 1.254 7.453 2.660 1.916 2.874 1.783 4.230 2.ijera.795 4.636 1.629 2.910 3.070 4.267 4. Sunil H.473 6.212 5.364 3. Yogesh D.com Vol.Sarthi B.272 1.022 1.628 3. Issue 3.988 4.870 1.747 2.566 4.15 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency and Horizontal Displacement (For Beam size 230 mm x 685 mm) Table 20 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z -Direction (For Beam Size 230 mm x 765 mm) Frequency (Hz) Column Size Height of Storey (mm x mm) (m) Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 3.432 3.267 4.037 3.613 3.870 1.962 3.405 4.684 5.576 5.016 4.057 3.605 4.637 2. Gaurang A.488 1.140 1.

321 3.363-383 230 x 765 3.ijera.721 5.044 1.417 2.405 4.548 4.Sarthi B.010 2.734 8.297 2.870 1. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. Sunil H.870 4.000 2.038 1.995 2.943 1.880 (a) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.896 2.842 4.931 3.024 Table 21 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z-Direction (For Beam Size 230 mm x 765 mm) Column Size (mm x mm) Height of Storey (m) 230 x 460 230 x 540 230 x 610 230 x 685 230 x 765 3.267 2.478 4.660 1. Kukadiya.632 7.452 2.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 685 mm (e) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z. Parmar.482 5. Jigar K. Yogesh D.153 2.049 1.815 4.137 5.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 765 mm (f) Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Displacement in Z .447 1.660 2.16 Effect of Column Size and Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency and Horizontal Displacement (For Beam size 230 mm x 765 mm) 382 | P a g e .144 2.924 1.237 1.017 2.350 4. Rathod.670 6.742 5.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 610 mm (d) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.696 2.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 540 mm (c) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.817 3. pp.012 1. Issue 3.982 1.362 6.144 2.Direction for Column Size 230 mm x 460 mm (b) Effect of Storey Height on Horizontal Frequency in Z.963 5. May-Jun 2013.Direction Fig.179 3.000 1. 3.267 1. Gaurang A.712 3.com Vol. Bhavsar.316 4.987 3.

it can be seen that for a particular beam and column size. “Power-Loom Weaving of Woollen and Worsted Fabrics”.637Hz only by varying beam size from 230 mm x 765 mm. New Delhi. C. Bhavsar.67 m the structure in resonating in mode 4. Vol 2. 5. the frequency of a structure increases by increasing the beam size or column size. Consider table 3. Cyril M. Gaurang A. 28th ISET Annual Lecture. When column size is kept constant and beam sizes are varying and vice-versa. Edition 3. the displacement is maximum for storey height 4.. “Foundations for Dynamic Equipment”. 1983. G. Sevalia / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 www. consider table 2 and table 12.3R-04. for the same storey the frequency changes from 1. 6. Harris. for column size 230 mm x 765 mm and beam Size 230 mm x 460 mm. Consider table 10. “Fabric Forming”. for a particular storey height. Nurudeen A.267m the frequency of structure is getting closer to the operating frequency of machine in mode 3 whereas for storey height 4. When the column sizes is increasing the displacement trend is decreasing in nature. Parmar. Furthermore. the change in frequency by increasing the storey height is 14. 2003. pp. 4.791Hz in mode 1 for beam size 230 mm x 460 mm and column size varying from 230 mm x 460 mm to 230 mm x 765 mm. For larger column and beam size. the frequency changes from 1. 2.0m to 4. 6(c) and fig. Tata Mcgraw –Hill Publishing Company.87m. From fig 7 to fig 16.552Hz to 1. Bhatia K. 1996. Research Journal of Applied Sciences..V. 3. it can be seen that in mode 3 the structure resonates in x-direction and in mode 4 it resonates in z-direction. George Gazetas. “Analysis of Machine Foundation Vibration: State of Art”. ISSN: 2040-7467 Snowden D.552Hz to 1. Puri and Shamsher Prakash. Yogesh D. INDIA. a stage comes when column size is equal to the beam sizes and any further increasing of beam size or column sizes. the frequency of structure reduces with any increase in storey height. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering.90 % in mode 6. Issue 3.1 Indian Standard Code of Practice for Design and Construction of Machine Foundation. Madras. this phenomenon can be understood by looking into table 2. Special Issue. For example.. which does exhibit a considerable vibration in z-direction. There is no appreciable change in the displacement of the structure as even though there is a significant change in the frequency as the structure in reaching the resonance condition in mode 3. ACI 351. 2011. 2002.363-383 CONCLUSION 1. 383 | P a g e . The percentage difference in frequency of structure is less in lower modes of vibration and high in higher modes of vibration. Co-operative Stores Ltd. And Vaidyanathan C. REFERENCES [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] ACI Committee. SERC. 1967. Raji. say 230 mm x 460 mm. “Harris’ Shock and Vibration Handbook. Machine Dynamics. The reason behind it is that the increase in column sizes increases the lateral stiffness of the building which reduces the displacement of the building. there is not much change over the dynamic behaviour of the building.com Vol. which in turn. No 1. 6(d). IS 2974 (Part I) – 1982.91 % in mode 1 and 20. C. May-Jun 2013. “Foundations For Vibrating Machines”. reduces the magnitude of displacement as seen from fig 7 to fig 16.0m. for storey height 3. Kukadiya. the percentage increase in frequency is obtained more by varying the column size rather than beam size. it can be observed that for a particular beam size. However. April-May. Sunil H. 2006. Engineering and Technology 3(9): 923927. 7. Again. “A Brief Tutorial on Machine Vibration”. “Impact Analysis of Narrow Loom Beat-up Mechanism”. Nicholls and Company Ltd. Victor Wowk. From fig.ijera. The structure becomes flexible with increase in storey height and hence the displacement increases for larger storey height. Inc. “Handbook of Machine Foundations”. Vijay K. 3. for storey height 3. Srinivasulu P. Rathod. of the Journal of Structural Engineering. The magnitude of displacement in less in mode 3 as structure has adequate stiffness in x-direction rather than z-direction and hence is displacement is more in 4th mode of vibration.Sarthi B.“Foundations For Industrial Machines And Earthquake Effects”. Jigar K. Hasmukhrai B.

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