Music of Greece Music of Greece Orfeu-atenas.

jpg General topics Ancient music Byzantine music Opera Greek musical system Greek musical instrumen ts Greek dances Worldwide Genres Church music (Byzantine) Classical music Ionian School Greek folk Laïko Rock Hip H op Punk Greek New Wave (Neo kyma) Specific forms Contemporary Entehno Nisiotika Rebetiko Skiladiko Media and performance Music awards Arion Awards MAD Video Music Awards Pop Corn Music Awards Music charts Greek Albums Chart Foreign Albums Chart Singles Chart Music festivals Athens Festival Epidaurus Festival Olympus Festival Thessaloniki Song Festival Music media Difono MAD TV (MAD World, Blue) MTV Greece Nationalistic and patriotic songs National anthem "Hymn to Liberty" Regional music Related areas Cyprus, Pontus, Constantinople (hasapiko) Regional styles Aegean Islands Central Greece Crete Epirus (polyphonic song) Ionian Islands Mace donia Peloponnese Thessaly Thrace v t e Part of a series on the Culture of Greece Flag of Greece.svg History People Languages Mythology and folklore[show] Cuisine Religion Art Literature[show] Music and performing arts[show] Media[show] Sport Monuments[show] Symbols[show] Portal icon Culture portal Portal icon Greece portal v t e The music of Greece is as diverse and celebrated as its history. Greek music sep arates into two parts: Greek traditional music and Byzantine music, with more ea stern sounds.[1] These compositions have existed for millennia: they originated in the Byzantine period and Greek antiquity, where there is a continuous develop ment which appears in the language, the rhythm, the structure and the melody.[2] Greek music has many similarities with the music of Cyprus, their modern popula r music scenes remaining well-integrated with one another. Music is a significan t aspect of Hellenic culture, both within Greece and in the diaspora. Contents [hide] 1 Greek music history 1.1 Ancient Greece 1.2 Greece in the Roman Empire 1.3 Byzantium Eastern Europe and the Byzantine Empire changed the form and style of Greek music. the 'Greek song' or the 'song in Greek verse'. exceeds the aims of the present article. Greek musical literacy created a flowering of develo pment.4.2 Cretan Music 1. the lyre.7.6 Teen pop 3.1.1. eventually became th .1 Ikariótikos 1.6 Skyládiko 3. In t he 19th century.1 Notable artists 3.1 Notable artists 3.5 Modern laïká 3. However. like Nikolaos Mantzaros (1795 1872).6 Other folk traditions 2 Classical music 2.5 Folk music (Dhimotiká) 1.8 Independent music scenes 3.4 Laïkó 3.1 Cretan music in media 1.3 Éntekhno 3.7 Pop rock / Soft rock 3. Music was an important part of education in ancient Greece.1 Néo Kýma Modern Nisiótika Early popular songs Nisiótika 1.1. opera composers.1 Notable artists 3.5.7 Other popular trends 3.1.7. limited to the presentation of the musical forms that have become synonymous to 'Greek music' during the last few decades.4 Éntekhno pop / rock 3.2. celebratio n and spiritual reasons. mixed-gender choruses performed for entertainment.1. Later influences from the Roman Empire.5.8.1 Artists 3.1.5 Contemporary pop before the 2010s 3.3 Contemporary éntekhno 3. which is.2 Classic pop 3. Instruments included the double-reed aulos and the pluc ked string instrument (like pandura).5.1 Terminology 3. that is. Ancient Greece[edit source | editbeta] Main article: Music of ancient Greece In ancient Greece.1 Greek National School 3 Popular music 3.7.7. and boys were taught music starting at age six.1. the diverse history of art music in Greece. Greek music theory included the Greek musical modes. Spyridon Xy ndas (1812 1896) and Spyridon Samaras (1861 1917) and symphonists. since music was a majo r part of ancient Greek theater.1.2 Criticism 3.8 Mainstream hip hop / Pop rap 3.7. especially the special kind call ed a kithara.2 Rebetiko 3.1 Genres 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links Greek music history[edit source | editbeta] Greek music history extends far back into ancient Greece. in gener al.4 Greece during the Ottoman Empire 1. like Dimitris Lia lios and Dionysios Rodotheatos revitalized Greek art music. which extends from the Cretan Renaissance and r eaches modern times.1.

music-cafés (?af?-sa?t??) were popular in Greek cities like Constantinople and Smyrna. drawing on the artistic and technical productions of the classical Greek age. warriors who fought against the Ottoman Empire. This period also brought in the Rebetiko movement. on Jewish music.e basis for Western religious music and classical music. the Persian geographer Ibn Khurradadhbih (d. Antioch and Ephesus (see also Early Christian music). Greek musicians of this period included Marika Papagika. Folk music (Dhimotiká)[edit source | editbeta] Main article: Greek folk music Nikos Skalkottas (1904 1949) drew his influences from both the classical repertoir e and the Greek folk tradition. They were forms of a mono music t hat had many elements of ancient Greek origin but also. Greek folk music is found all throughout Greece Cyprus and several regions of Tu rkey. as well as oud and fi ddle players like Nikos Saragoudas and Yiorgos Koros. Canada a . Following the end of the Byz antine period. kalamatianó. It is undeniably of composite origin. Instrumentalists include clarinet virtuosos like Petrol oukas Halkias. which led to the name amanédhes or café-aman (?af?-aµ??). which had local Smyrnaic and Byzantine i nfluences. There are said to be two musical movements in Greek folk music (pa?ad?s?a?? µ??s ???): Acritic songs and Klephtic songs. Yiorgos Yevyelis and Yiannis Vassilopoulos. and inspired by the monophonic vocal music that evolved in the ea rly (Greek) Christian cities of Alexandria. they had nothing to do w ith Western polyphonic music. tambourines and violins. developed among the kleftes. guitars. and the salandj (probably a bagpipe). 911) cited the lura (bowed lyra) as a typical i nstrument of the Byzantines along with the urghun (organ). developed in the Byzantine Empire from the establishment of its capital. The bands were typically led by a female vocalist and included a violin. Different types of laouto. Klephtic music is monophonic and uses no harmonic accompaniment. and include dance music form s like syrtó. Greek folk traditions are said to derive from the music played by ancient Greeks . klephtic music arose before the Greek Revolution. as well as vocal music like kléftiko . in 330 until its fall in 1453. wher e small groups of musicians from Greece played. Dhimotika tragoudhia are accompan ied by clarinets. the Romans borrowed the Greek method[ 3] of 'enchiriadic notation' (marks which indicated the general shape of the tun e but not the exact notes or rhythms) to record their music. or border guards of the Byzantine Empire. The improvised songs typically exclaime d amán amán.[5] These genres have certainly reached a high degree of evolution. Akritic music comes from the 9th century akrites. Const antinople.[4] Greece during the Ottoman Empire[edit source | editbeta] The Greeks were familiar. as well as among communities in countries like the United States. in a period that stretched from the 15th century to th e time of Greek war of independence. Byzantium[edit source | editbeta] Main article: Byzantine music The tradition of eastern liturgical chant. Many of the earliest recordings were done by Arvanites like Yiorgia Mittaki an d Yiorgios Papasidheris. Rosa Eskenazi and Rita Abatzi. Different types of flutes. tsámiko and hasaposérviko. In his lexicographical discussion of instruments. Greece in the Roman Empire[edit source | editbeta] See also: Music of ancient Rome Due to Rome's reverence for Greek culture.[6] By the beginning of the 20th century. shilyani (probably a type of harp or lyre). with hymns: Church music. if they used any no tation at all. encompassing the Greek-speaking world . with Greek folk music and dances from Byzan tine music and more specifically.

The island of Cyprus and several regions of Turkey are home to long -standing communities of Greeks in Turkey with their own unique styles of music. but today Ikariotikos is a very quick dance. Dionysius Rodotheatos and Pavlos Carrer. It is often accompanied wi th laouto (laoúto). Cretan music in media[edit source | editbeta] The Cretan music theme Zorba's dance by Mikis Theodorakis (incorporating element s from the hasapiko dance) which appears in the Hollywood 1964 movie Zorba the G reek remains the best-known Greek song abroad. parties and religious festivals where one can listen and dance to live traditional Ikarian Music. he attended school in Constantinople and studied piano and co mposition in Vienna. Music and dancing are major forms of entertainment in Ikaria. Greek National School[edit source | editbeta] Manolis Kalomiris (1883 1962) was the founder of the Greek National School of Musi c. His work drew influences also from the Greek folk music. which is similar to both an oud and a lute. Modern Nisiótika[edit source | editbeta] Singer Mariza Koch was largely responsible for the revival of interest in Nisiótik a in the 70s and 80s. Stella Konitopoulou. po . weddings. Spyridon Samaras (1861 1917). Thanassis Skordalos. Ross Daly a nd Vasilis Skoulas are among the most renowned players of the lýra. Kostas Moundakis. Nikos Xylouris. The region is notable for the birth of the first School of modern Greek classical music (Heptanesean or Ionian School. Cretan Music[edit source | editbeta] Main article: Music of Crete Cretan lyras. Spyridon Samaras. artists such as Yiannis Par ios. Ps arantonis (Antonis Xylouris). it is a three-str inged bowed instrument similar to the Byzantine Lyra.[7] During the 1990s and 2000s. established in 1815. and the Mythos Band helped this music gain occasional mainstream popularity. Throu ghout the year Ikarians host baptisms. Ikariótikos[edit source | editbeta] Ikariótikos is a traditional type of dance. Spyridon Xyndas. and also the name of its accompanying type of singing. with a lot of western and Catholic influences on the Orthodox rite. Loudovikos ton Anogeion (???d?ß???? t?? ????e???) is a we ll-known mandolin player from Crete. At first it was a v ery slow dance. The Cretan lyra is the dominant folk instrument on the island. Prominent representatives of this genre include N ikolaos Mantzaros. Among t he most popular types of them is Ikariótiko traghoúdhi. Some specialists sa y that the traditional Ikariotikos was slow and the quick "version" of it is in fact Ballos. Other folk traditions[edit source | editbeta] [icon] This section requires expansion. originating in the Aegean island of Ikaria.nd Australia. Born in Smyrna. (December 2008) Other major regional musical traditions of Greece include: Music of Epirus Music of Macedonia Music of Thrace Classical music[edit source | editbeta] See also: Ionian School (music) It was through the Ionian islands (which were under Venetian rule and influence) that all the major advances of the western european classical music were introd uced to mainland Greeks. "song from Ikaria". Greek:?pta??s?a? ? S????). The Church music (Byzantine) of the islands is also different from the rest of G reece. Nisiótika[edit source | editbeta] Main article: Nisiotika Nisiotika is a general term denoting folk songs from the Aegean Islands. Mandolin is al so used in Cretan music.

Afroditi Laoutari. Stel la Greca and Tony Maroudas. bolero. Rena Vlahopoulou. Notable actors of Greek operettas. Sofia Vembo. The most successful songs during the period 1870 1930 were the so-called Athenian serenades (????a???? ?a?t?de?). operettas and n octurnes that were dominating Athens' theatre scene.: ?a?t?da) are based on the popular Italian music of the early 19th century and became the forerunners of th e Greek modern song. Vasilis Avlonitis. aiming to combine the Germa n Romanticism with Greek motives. and the songs performed on stage (ep??e???s?a?? t?a???d?a 'theatrical revue songs') in revues. Danaë Stratigopoulou. Agapios Tomboulis. sing. Marika Nezer. wavering among American and European musical influences as well as t he Greek musical tradition. Greek composers begin to write music using the tunes of the tango. influencing its development to a considerable degree. swing. while Theophrastos Sakellaridis' The Godson remains p robably the most popular operetta. Aris Maliagros. Despite the fact that the Athenian songs were not autonomous artistic creations (in contrast with the serenades) and despite their original connection with mainly dramatic forms of Art. Greece").etry (he was an admirer of Kostis Palamas) and myth. . In 1919 he founded the Hellenic Conservatory a nd in 1926 the National Conservatoire. Notable artists[edit source | editbeta] (1910s-1960s) Composers: Theophrastos Sakellaridis Attik (Kleon Triantafyllou) Kostas Giannidis Michalis Souyioul (Souyioultzoglou) Kostas Kapnisis Giorgos Mouzakis Giorgos Oikonomidis (lyricist) Singers: Danaë Stratigopoulou Sofia Vembo Nikos Gounaris Tony Maroudas Rebetiko[edit source | editbeta] Further information: Rebetiko Smyrna style rebetiko trio: Dimitris Semsis. some times combined with me lodies in the style of Athenian serenades' repertory. Popular music[edit source | editbeta] Early popular songs[edit source | editbeta] The Heptanesean kantádhes (?a?t?de? 'serenades'. waltz. foxtrot. Eleni Papa daki. Roza Eskenazi (A thens 1932). For t he first part of the next century. After 1930. Tzimis Makoulis. samba. Kal outa sisters. Notable singers of this style include also Fotis Polymeris. Italian opera had also a great influence on the musical aesthetics of the modern Greeks. Mary Lo. several Greek composers continued to borrow e lements from the Heptanesean style. who made also a series of melodies and songs popular at that time. Kostas Giannidis. musical comedies.[8][9] Notable composers of operettas or nocturnes were Spyridon Samaras. they eventually bec ame hits as independent songs. Giorgos Mouzakis was a prominent virtuoso trumpeter (borrowed latin jazz elemen ts). Nikos Gounaris was probabl y the most renowned composer and singer of the time (often called "Mr. Dionysios Lavran gas. while Attik and Michalis Souyioul were also among the most succeeded and po pular composers. Nikos Hatziapostolou. Marika Krevata and others. Sof ia Vembo (a star of the era). include Orestis Makris.

rebetiko was repressed due to the u ncompromising lyrics. usually accompanied by the bouzouki. Éntekhno[edit source | editbeta] Manos Hatzidakis. This final era of rebetiko (mid-1940s-1953) also featured the emergence of night clubs (???t?a d?as?ed?se??) as a means of popularizing mu sic. such as songwriter Vangelis Papazoglou. Rebetiko in its original form was revived during the Junta of 1967 1974. and Apostolos Hatzichri stos. Éntekhno arose in t he late 1950s. Emerged by the 1920s as the urban folk music of Greek society's outcasts. whic h allowed it to be played as a guitar and set the stage for the future 'electrif ication' of rebetiko. Spyros Peristeris. Agathonas Iakovidis and others. baglamas and bouzouki were banned. who ar e traditionally considered as the founders of the Smyrna School of Rebetiko. Giannis Papaioannou. when the Regime of the Colonels banned it. Vamvakaris became perhaps the first renowned rebetiko musician after the beginning of his solo career. Stel ios Perpiniadis. Manolis Chiotis added a fourth pair of strings to the bouzouki. Mikis Theodorakis and Manos Hadjidakis were the most popular early compos ers of éntekhno song cycles. in today's Greece and Asia Minor. His son g S???ef?asµ??? ????a?? . Significant lyricists of this genre . In 1923. He was follow ed by female singers like Marika Ninou. Drawing on rebetiko's westernization by Tsitsanis and Chiotis. The ea rliest Greek rebetiko singers (refugees. and Athens. and Dimos Moutsis. én tekhno concerts would often take place outside a hall or a night club in the ope n air. meaning 'art song') is orchestral music with element s from Greek folk rhythm and melody. most of them coastal. Many of these immigrants were highly educated. Rebetiko was initially associated with the lower and poor classes. such as the quartet of Anestis Deli as. Markos Vamvakaris. The mainstream popularity of archontorebetiko (a????t??eµpet???) paved the way for Éntekhno and Laïkó. p rison and violence. Rebetiko probably originated in the music of t he larger Greek cities. many revival group s (and solo artists) appeared. and Pa nagiotis Toundas. They s ettled in poor neighborhoods in Piraeus. Groups of men would sit in a circle and smo ke hashish from a hookah. and Sotiria Bello u. Ano ther tradition from Smyrna that came along with the Greek refugees was the tekés ( te???) 'opium den'. after the population exchange between Greece and Turkey. They sang heartrending tales of drug abuse. or hashish dens. but later rea ched greater general acceptance as the rough edges of its overt subcultural char acter were softened and polished.Markos Vamvakaris. or at lea st playing in the eastern-style manner and scales. Éntekhno (lit.Synnefiasméni Kyriakí became an anthem for the oppressed Gre eks when it was composed in 1943 (during the Axis occupation of Greece during Wo rld War II).By the late 1950s. rebetiko had declined. criminals and itinerants) w ere scorned by mainstream society. Rembetiki Kompania. Other popular rebetiko songwriters and singers of this period (1940s) include: Dimitris Gogos (better known as Bayandéras). As opposed to other forms of Greek urban folk music. Ioanna Yiorgakopoulou. a refined style of rebetiko tha t was far more accepted by the upper class than the traditional form of the genr e. it only survived in the form of Ar chontorebetiko (?????t??eµp?t??? "posh rebetiko"). and improvised music of various kinds. Manos Loïzos. its lyrical themes are often based on the w ork of famous Greek poets. Other significant Greek songwriters included Stavros Kouyoumtzis. Some of the earliest legends of Greek music. In 1953. The scene was soon popularized further by stars like Vassilis Tsitsanis. After the end of the Junta. The most notable of them include Opisthodhromiki Kompania. Hashish dens. many ethnic Gr eeks from Asia Minor fled to Greece as a result of the Greco-Turkish War. composer and leader of Odeon Records' Greek subsidiary. despite the fact that it was not recorded until 1948. Babis Tsertos. drug-users. Thessaloniki. With the coming of the Metaxas dictatorship. In the 60's Manolis Chiotis popularized the eight-string bouzo uki and set the stage for the future 'electrification' of rebetiko. Stratos Payioumtzis and Yiorgos Batis came out of this mu sic scene.

Syrta.[10] Other significant songwriters and lyricists of this category are considered Geor ge Zambetas. Manos Eleftheriou and poet Tasos Livaditis. It was dominated b y singers such as Grigoris Bithikotsis. such as the compos ers Mimis Plessas and Stavros Xarchakos. Kalamatiana. Panos Ga valas and others. So.are Nikos Gatsos. The more cheerful version of laïkó. is a Greek music genre that is composed in Greek language in accordance with the tradition of the Greek people. al so called e?af?? . Laïkó (?a??? t?a???d? 'song of the people' / 'popular song' or ast??? ?a??? µ??s??? 'u rban folk music'). During the same era. Stavros Kouyioumt zis.elafrolaïkó 'light laïkó') and it was o used in musicals during the Golden Age of Greek cinema. Contemporary laïkó (s??????? ?a???). zeibekiko. (See the section 'Other popular trends' below for further information on Néo kýma and Contemporary éntekhno. Many artists have combi ned the traditions of éntekhno and laïkó with considerable success. was t he mainstream popular music of Greece during the 60s and 70s. Apostolos Kaldaras. called elafró laïkó (e?af???a??? . syrtaki and Greek belly dan ce and the most of them are set to music by the Greek instrumental bouzouki.elafró 'soft (song)'. and also led to its appr opriation by the film industry for use in soundtracks. Manolis Hiotis and Vassilis Tsitsanis. Stelios Kazantzidis. Akis Panou. A form of éntekhno which is even closer to western classical music was introduced during the late 1970s and 1980s by Thanos Mikroutsikos. it was represented by ensembles of singers/musicians such as the Katsamba Br . Until the 1930s the Greek discography was dominated by two musical genres: the Greek folk music (demotiká) and the Elafró tragoudi (lit erally: "light song"). The latter was the Greek version of the international urb an music of the era. Among the most significant songwriters and lyricists of this p eriod are considered George Zambetas. of course the big names of this kind are still in Greek business. Laïkó followed after the commerci alization of rebetiko music. Som e of the strongest Greek dances and rhythms of today's Greek music culture laïká are Nisiotika. also called Modern laïkó. with all the idiom s of traditional Greek folk music.) Notable artists[edit source | editbeta] Composers: Manos Hatzidakis Mikis Theodorakis Manos Loïzos Giorgos Katsaros Yannis Markopoulos Stavros Xarchakos Thanos Mikroutsikos Nikos Gatsos (lyricist) Singers: Maria Farantouri Nana Mouskouri Maria Dimitriadi Manolis Mitsias Haris Alexiou Giorgos Dalaras Laïkó[edit source | editbeta] Further information: Laïkó A classical three-course bouzouki. inno vative albums helped éntekhno become close to mainstream. Classic laïkó (??as???/pa??? ?a???) as it is known today. Marinella. is currently Greece's mainstream music genre. there was also another kind of soft music (e?af?? µ??s???. and on the other. the peculiar musical trends of the urban rebetiko (song of the cities) known also in Greece as ast???. Giorgos Mitsakis. on the one hand there is the homogenized Greek popular song. literally 'light') which became fashionab le. Vassilis Tsitsanis. Hasapika. By the 1960s. Lefteris Papadopoulos and Eftichia Papagianopoulos.

while ???s?? ('genuine') or even ?a?a??a?µ? ('pureblood') ?a??? is used for the latter. also contributing to the trend. Stan. Vir tuoso musicians and expressive singers take every season. (laiko-pop) (also called Modern laïkó) is currently Greece's mainstream music genre in today nightlife. the Trio Belcanto. Renowned songwriters of modern laïká include Alekos Chrysovergis. Many incorporate it also. Mainstream Laïko-Pop Especially from the beginnings of the new decade. when ambiguity arises. The g enre's sound was an imitation of the then contemporary Cuban and Mexican folk mu sic. Greek-American music includes styles l ike Entechno. Contemporary laïká emerged as a style in the early 1980s. All this music effort take place in Europe and many artist s have emerged by releasing Laïko-Pop with Dance recordings. Evi Droutsa and Natalia Germanou. The Greek music culture exists as a serious aspect of Hellenic culture. Thi s genre has started showing increase influences from dance and pop elements. the Trio Atene and others. such as Kostas Martak is.[12] . s??????? ('contemporary') ?a??? or disparagingly ?a???-p?p ('folk-pop'. Nikos Karvelas. Notable artists[edit source | editbeta] Composers: Vassilis Tsitsanis Manolis Chiotis Giorgos Zambetas Mimis Plessas Mikis Theodorakis Stavros Kouyioumtzis Apostolos Kaldaras Lefteris Papadopoulos (lyricist) Pythagoras Papastamatiou (lyricist) Eftichia Papagianopoulos (lyricist) Kostas Virvos (lyricist) Singers: Grigoris Bithikotsis Christos Syrpos (Christakis) Panos Gavalas Giorgos Dalaras Giannis Kalatzis Stelios Kazantzidis Marinella Vicky Moscholiou Modern laïká[edit source | editbeta] Modern laïká or Laïko-pop is currently Greece's mainstream music along with some pop r ecordings.: p?ste?) "dance floor/venue". Demy and X-Factor contestants such as Eleftheria El eftheriou and Ivi Adamou. w ith hip-hop verses to create a new Greek Pop-rap genre such as the groups Rec an d Going Through. An indispensable part of the contemporary laïká culture i s the písta (p?sta . there is no single name for modern laïká in the Greek language. Ph oebus. Ov er the years until today. Katerina Stikoudi. Contemporary laïkó (s??????? ?a???).others duo. rebetiko and Greek folk music. Terminology[edit source | editbeta] In effect. with more professional ism and love for what they do to entertain the Greek audience. The choice of contrasting the notions of "westernized" and "genuine" ma y often be based on ideological and aesthetic grounds. with previously successful artists such as Sakis Rouva s and Despina Vandi. Nikos Terzis and Christos Dantis. both within Greece and in the diaspora. the aim of Greek music scene is only one: Quality. the Trio Kitara.[11] but also had elements from the early Athenian popular songs. Renowned lyricists include Giorgos Theo fanous. also in the sense of "westernized") is used for the forme r. to lure and to ma ke it dance with the songs and music that everyone loves. Night clubs at which the DJ s play only contemporary laïká where colloquially known on the 90's as ellinádhika. but it is often formally referred to as s??????? ?a??? (['si?xrono lai'ko]). a term which is however also used for denoting newly composed songs in the tradition of "pro per" Laïkó.

Thanasis Polykandriotis. mentioning the low quality and the indispensa ble common part of the pista (p?sta . Savvopoulos mixed American musicians like Bo b Dylan and Frank Zappa with Macedonian folk music and politically incisive lyri cs. Bu lgarian Chalga and Turkish Arabesque. such as Fotini Darra.[18] Artists[edit source | editbeta] .[16] Nikos Xydakis. or nightclubs of Greece in big Greek cities as term. This music scene flourished in a specific type of boîte de nuit. but gained popularity after the 80's. Many of these musicians started out playing Néo kýma. In his wake came more folk-influenced performers like Arleta. Vangelis and Yanni were among the few Greek instrumental composers who becam e internationally renowned. even though it has always had a considerab le amount of listeners supporting it throughout the history of the post 1960s Gr eek music. and Evanthia Remboutsi ka. one of Savvopoulos' pupils. It is associated with mass entertainment of lower quality and until th e 70's and 80's was marginal. Kostas Hatzis and the composer Giannis Spanos. the genre of modern laïká (especially laïk?-pop) has come unde r scrutiny for "featuring musical clichés. Giannis Spanos. bec ame renowned for his mixture of rebetiko and orchestral music (as in his 1996 co mposition "Concert for Bouzouki and Orchestra No.: p?ste?) "dance floor/venue". are considered by both the artistic establishments and recording companies as an expression of degradation and social decadence.[14] Other popular trends[edit source | editbeta] Dionysis Savvopoulos. and Manos Loïzo s. and there is a tendency among many urban folk artists to turn to more pop-orien ted sounds. 1"). A popular trend since the late 1980s has been the fusion of éntekhno (urban folk b allads with artistic lyrics) with pop / soft rock music (??te??? p?p-???).[15] A notable musical trend in the 1970s (during the Junta of 1967 1974 and a few year s after its end) was the rise in popularity of the topical songs (p???t??? t?a?? ?d? "political song").pl. a mixture of éntekhno and chansons from France. There are however other composers of instrumental and incidental music (includin g filmscores and music for the stage). Eleni Karaindrou. s uch as Stamatis Spanoudakis. The most renowned contemporar y éntekhno (s??????? ??te???) lyricist is Lina Nikolakopoulou. neither laïkó. such as Dimitris Papadimitriou have been inspired by elements of the classic éntekhno tradition and written songs cycles for singers o f contemporary éntekhno music.Criticism[edit source | editbeta] Despite its popularity. meaning "doghouse"). Giannis Markopoulos. Giorgos Hatzinasios.[17] M oreover. Skyládiko is akin to the Serbian Turbo-folk. Giorgos Tsanga ris. certain composers. their work however had little influence on the tradi tion of Greek instrumental music. Nikos Mamangakis. His most successful album was 1987's Kondá sti Dhóxa miá Stigmí. "New wave" (not to be confused with New Wave rock). Regarding "purely western" pop music. Folk singer-songwriters (t?a???d?p????) first appeared in the 1960s after Dionys is Savvopoulos' 1966 breakthrough album Fortighó. Thanos Mikroutsikos. laïkó composer and classically trained bouzouki player. Nikos Kypourgos. nor pop".[13] Skyládiko[edit source | editbeta] Further information: Skiladiko Skyládiko Greek pronunciation: [sci'laðiko] (or Skyládika) (Greek: S????d???. Mariza Koch. was among the people who revolutioniz ed laïkó by using orientalized instrumentation. Critics of t his genre relate it with modern laïká. recorded with Eleftheria Arvanitaki. Vangelis Papathanassiou (Vangelis). whose work cannot be easily classified. it has only very recently (late 2000s) reached the popularity of laïkó/laïká. average singing voices and slogan-like lyrics" and for "being a hybrid. Classic éntekhno composers associated with this movement in clude Mikis Theodorakis. It is performed with electric bouzouki and guitars. M ihalis Violaris.

Each artist is entried under the genre designation that th e Greek musical press usually classifies him or her. Néo Kýma[edit source | editbeta] Further information: Greek New Wave 1960s-1970s Arleta (singer) Keti Chomata Kostas Hatzis Mariza Koch Rena Koumioti Giannis Poulopoulos Dionysis Savvopoulos Giannis Spanos Mihalis Violaris Classic pop[edit source | editbeta] 1960s-1970s (songs from this period of Greek pop were mainly influenced by the w estern music scene including rock ballads and Italian-/French-style pop ballads) Vlassis Bonatsos (singer of the rock band Pelóma Bokioú) Elpida Lakis Giordanelli The Idols Vicky Leandros Poll (Kostas Tournas) Demis Roussos .The following classification is conventional and categories may occasionally ove rlap with each other.

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