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GUIDE QUESTIONS

Part 1. 1. Why is it important to immerse the metal in the boiling water for a long time? The metal must be immerse for a long time in order to let the metal gain some heat, so that it will reach its thermal equilibrium with the boiling water. The Longer it gets the better because it achieves the 100 0C temperature of the water. 2. Why do you need to wipe off the water from the metal’s surface before dropping it into calorimeter? It is important to wipe off the water from the metal’s surface because the water will have an additional temperature when it is place on the calorimeter. Then the mixture will have inappropriate equilibrium temperature. 3. Give one advantage and one disadvantage of using a stirrer of the calorimeter in mixing the metal and the water? With the use of the stirrer, It will shorten the time to reach the thermal equilibrium of the mixture although the mass and the kind of material of the stirrer will have an additional temperature to the System.

Part 2. 1. What is the initial temperature of the ice? How can you determine the temperature of ice without using a thermometer? It is already established that any form of frozen water have a 00C temperature. So it is not necessary to use the thermometer to measure its temperature. 2. Why is it important to wipe off the water from the ice’s surface before putting it in the calorimeter? It is necessary to wipe off the water from the ice’s surface before putting it into the calorimeter because the melted water from the ice have greater temperature than 0 0C, then it will messed up with the system because we have to consider the ice and melted water at the same time.

The factors in determining the specific heat and latent heat are mass of the bodies and change of temperature in the system. . we could minimize this by putting the material as fast as we can in order to lessens the effect of it to the system. that in a given system the hotter body will loss heat while the colder one will gain heat as they both reach their thermal equilibrium. is it better to used hot water in calorimeter compared to using just tap water? Why or Why not? It is better to used warm water in the calorimeter because it will have a greater change in the temperature which means the system will have a significant transformation to hotter to colder system with the addition of the ice. b) When ever we open the calorimeter the room temperature will go inside thus its initial temperature will change.ANALYSIS 1. law of heat and exchange. give a suggestion on how to minimize the error. it is exposed to the room temperature thus our initial temperature of 100 0C will get colder. a) When the metal is transferred from the boiling water to the calorimeter. We have used this principal to determine the specific heat of brass and aluminum. although mass is one factor on determining the specific heat its equilibrium temperature will decrease proportional to the increase with its mass. Give at least 2 possible source of error in the experiment. We had a successful outcome although we have a difficulty on the part where we get the specific heat of brass even though we repeated it several times the outcome is still far from the actual value. In part 2 of the experiment. In part 1 of the experiment. We can minimize this by getting the initial temperature of the metal as we transfer it to the calorimeter. 2. 3. would the result of the experiment improve if the larger masses of metals were used? Explain It will not affect the result of the experiment if we used a larger mass for the metals. although it is necessary to open it for us to place the material in the isolated system. For each. Also we have successfully determined the latent heat of fusion of the ice. CONCLUSION With this experiment we have explored the principle.

2174/.5g)(1 cal/g-0C)( 270C-240C)+(33.2174 cal/g-0C.miceCwater(TET-Ti) mice 0 Lf=(206. tintial calorimetry and water=270C.92% .9 g Qloss=Qgain mwCw(Tiwater.2g-(206.4g(1000C-270C) Cal=0.Tequilibium temp=160C Mice=mmixture.TET).6g)(.6g)=25.2174 cal/g-0C.2174cal/g0C)( 30C)] 33.2198-.71-77.10% Part 2.mwater=165.2174]x100=1.4g)(.38/79.TET)+ mcCc(Tic.TET)+ mcCc(Tic.2174)(110C)(25.TET)=mLf+miceCwater(TET-Ti) Lf= mwCw(Tiwater.Tequilibium temp=270C Qloss=Qgain mmetalCaluminum(Timetal.mwater=206.mwater-mcalorimetry=293. Trail 1 Given: Ccalorimetry= .TET) Cal=[(165.2198 cal/g-0C % error= [EV-AV/AV]X100=[. mmetal=33. mmixed=293.4g.38cal/g %E=[AV-EV/AV]x100=[79.5 g Tinitial metal=1000C.7g+60.TET)=mwCw(TET-Tiw)+mcCc(TET-Tiw) Cal= [mwCw(TET-Tiw)+mcCc(TET-Tiw)]/ mmetal(Timetal.2g Tinitial ice=00C.7 g.Sample Computation: Part 1: Trial 1 Given: Ccalorimetry= .71]x100=2.7g)(1)(27 C -160C)+(60. tintial calorimetry and water=240C.9g)(160C-00C) 25.9 g Lf=77.