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a. Brief Course Description This course serves as an introduction to the principles and techniques used in the field of chemical engineering. Stoichiometry is the application of the chemical laws, the laws of definite proportions and the conservation of matter and energy to chemical reactions and processes. It is a quantitative relationship between two or more substances in a process involving chemical and physical changes. b. Course objectives This course is intended To develop a students skills in problem solving. To help a student apply material balance techniques. To help a student apply energy balance techniques. To give a student a solid back ground in chemical processing c. i) Detailed Course Outline Dimensions and Units (1week) Give definitions, differences between dimensions and units Give different forms of dimensions and the corresponding units Outline the common unit systems Expose the student to derived units Introduce the student to different applications of dimensional analysis

ii) Conversion of Units and conversion factors (1 week) Methods of converting from one set of units to the other using conversion factors Give common conversion factor tables. iii) Common measurements (2 weeks) Temperature and its measurement Give various scales and units of temperature measurement Differentiate between absolute and relative temperature scales Methods for temperature conversion from one scale to the other Pressure and its measurement Different units of pressure measurements and conversion from one set to the other Differentiate between absolute and relative pressure Outline various types of pressure- gauge pressure, atmospheric pressure, barometric pressure etc Define other measurements/quantities e.g. specific gravity, specific volume, concentration etc iv) The chemical equation and Stoichiometry (2 weeks)

Stoichiometrically balanced equation Relationship between combining weights Mole, mole fraction, mole percentage, mass fraction Terminologies used in chemical reactions- excess reactant, limiting reactant, conversion, selectivity, degree of completion etc

v) Material Balance (3 weeks) Assignment 1 Introduction to material balance and the principle of material balance Differentiate between a system and a process Differentiate between a batch and continuous process Material balance without chemical reaction and accumulation (steady state) A tie component and its application in material balance problem solving Material balance involving chemical reactions Recycle, by-pass and purge streams Unsteady-state material balance vi) Energy balance (3 weeks) Introduction to energy balance and the principle of energy balance Energy balance for a closed system without chemical reaction Energy balance for an open system without chemical reaction Energy balance with chemical reaction vii) Properties of gases, vapours and liquids (2 weeks) Assignment 2 Intensive and extensive properties Ideal gas, its equation of state, gas laws e.g. Daltons, Amagats laws etc Equation of state for a gas mixture Real gases- their equations of state e.g. Van der Waals equation Compressibility factor and compressibility charts Steam generation and steam humidification Industrial steam applications viii) Stoichiometric industrial application and analysis of chemical plant products and by-products. (1 week) Gas analyses- orsat analysis, dry basis, wet basis, flue (stack) gas Selected case studies applicable to industrial processing.

d. Mode of Delivery: Lectures, assignments and tests. Assessment: assignments, tests (30%) and Examination (70%) Lecturer: Mr. James Ssekamatte