You are on page 1of 8

Fotogrfusnk-Prizs

A 19. szzad msodik feltl a vidki trsadalom egyre nagyobb rsze kltztt be s vllalt munkt a vrosokban. Ennek hatsra megvltozott a korbbi, hagyomnyos csaldi modell. Az iskolzottak, gy a munkavllalk szma is folyamatosan ntt. A szzadforduln a politikai s trsadalmi kzdelmek sorn feminista felszlalsok prbltk rvnyre juttatni a nk egyenjogsgt. Ennek eredmnyekppen kaphattk meg a nk a vlasztjogot, valamint a foglalkoztatsi lehetsgeik is kibvltek. Az els vilghbor alatt egyre tbb n llt munkba , elssorban a betegellts s az ipari foglalkozsok tern. A trsadalmi ktelkek egyre inkbb fellazultak s lehetsget adtak a nk rvnyeslsi szndkainak. Bvlt a foglalkoztatottsgi terletek szma, gy mvszi illetve iparos jelleg szakmk kitanulsra fleg olyan lenygyermekek indultak, akik keresked, rtelmisgi, teht j anyagi httrrel rendelkez csaldok tmogatst lvezhettk. A npszer fest, szobrsz, iparmvsz plyk azonban kevesebb meglhetsi alternatvt knltak, mg a fnykpszet ebbl a szempontbl eredmnyesebbnek bizonyult, ezrt sokan ezt a mvszeti gat vlasztottk. A 20. szzad elejn a mtermi fotzs virgkort lte. Bcsben, Berlinben, Mnchenben illetve Prizsban mkd mhelyek adtak helyet a tanulni vgyk elmenetelnek. Magyarorszgon az 1910-es vekben mg nem mkdtt olyan tanintzmny, ahol fnykpszetet tanulhattak volna az arra vgyk. Azon nmegvalstsra trekvk, akik a mvszet fotogrfiai plyjn kvntak rvnyeslni, nagy szmban utaztak a nyugati orszgokba. gy kerlt a francia fvrosba Landau Erzsi (Ergy Landau ) s Kelenfldi Telkes Nra (Nora Dumas) is. A killts anyaga ennek a kt vilghr, magyar fotogrfusn munkjnak egy rszt mutatja be. A kt mvszn szmos nyugat-eurpai vros galriiban szerepelt (Prizs, Brsszel, Mnchen, Stuttgart), azonban Magyarorszgon csak a Magyar Fotogrfiai Mzeum s a Magyar Nemzeti Mzeum Trtnelmi Fottra riz tlk egy-egy alkotst. Plyjuk 1929-ben Prizsban kapcsoldott ssze, amikor Nora Dumas Ergy Landau fotmhelyhez csatlakozott. A kzs mteremben val alkots csaknem egy vtizedig tartott. Mindkettjk mvszetnek kzponti tmja a klnbz ni szerepvllalsokhoz kthet. Hres modelljk, az ukrn szrmazs Assia szinte lland szereplje a mteremben ksztett aktfotiknak. Klnsen fnyrnyk modelllsokkal igyekeznek rzkeltetni a test mozgkonysgt. Az akt s a nisg tmakrt feldolgoz kpeken tl, szmos ms fotogrfiai mfajban is bizonytottk tehetsgket: port-, gyermek-, divat-, dokumentumfot. A trlaton legnagyobb szmban dokumentarista mfajban kszlt nagytsok szerepelnek. Ergy Landau az 1957-ben kiadott Horoldamba cm knyvnek elksztshez gyjttt anyagot Knban. Ezen tja sorn kszlt felvtelek egy rsze lthatak a killtsunkon. Nora Dumas kpei a franciaorszgi s svjci vidki let mindennapjait dokumentljk. Leghresebb fotogrfii kzl, Yllrl (Koffler Kamillrl) kszlt egsz alakos portrja, valamint az 1928-ban ksztett els sikert meghoz Igsl cm munkja is megtekinthet.

Women photographers - Paris


Beginning with the second half of the nineteenth century, an increasing part of the rural society moved into and took up jobs in towns. Thus, the earlier, traditional family pattern changed. The number of educated and of unemployed people continuously increased, as well. At the turn of the century, during political and social fights women strived to assert their equality of rights by means of feminist opposition. As a result, women were granted the right to vote in elections, as well as the expansion of employment opportunities. During the First World War a continuously increasing number of women started to work, especially in the area of medical care and industry. The increasingly loosening social ties offered opportunities to women to assert themselves. Due to the expansion of employment areas, girls originating from merchant or intellectual families, who enjoyed the support of a good financial background, chose learning artistic or industrial professions. The popular areas of painter, sculptor and artist offered less means of living, while photography proved to be more effective, therefore numerous people chose this branch of arts. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the studio photography was flourishing. Studios in Vienna, Berlin, Munich respectively Paris offered opportunity of progress to those wanting to learn it. In 1910, in Hungary there was no such educational institution, where interested people could learn photography. Therefore, a great number of those striving for self-realization in the field of artistic photography went to Western countries. Thus Ergy Landau (Erzsi Landau) and Nora Dumas (Kelenfldi Telkes Nra) arrived in the French capital. This exhibition presents a detail of the work of the two famous Hungarian women photographers. The works of the two artists were presented in numerous Western European galleries (Paris, Brussels, Munich, and Stuttgart); however, in Hungary one work of each artist is exhibited only in the House of the Hungarian Photography and the Historical Photo Gallery of the Hungarian National Museum. Their lives intertwined in 1929 in Paris, when Nora Dumas joined the Ergy Landaus photo studio. They have been working together in the same studio for almost a decade. The central motifs of their works were the different roles of women. Their famous model, Assia, coming from Ukraine, is seen on almost each of their nude photos taken at the studio. Especially chiaroscuro was deployed to illustrate the mobility of the body. Besides photos dealing with the issues of nudism and femininity, they proved their talents in numerous other photographic areas: portrait, child, mode and documentary photography. The exhibition contains a great majority of prints from the field of documentary photo. The material for Ergy Landaus book Horoldamba published in 1957, was shot in China. Some of the pictures taken during this travel are exhibited. Nora Dumas photographs document everyday rural life in France and Switzerland. From her most famous pictures, the full-length portrait of Ylla (Kamilla Koffler) as well as her first successful work dating from 1928, The Draft Horse are on view. idszakhoz kthet Thomas Mannrl ksztett felvtele. 1923-ban mr Prizsban nyitott mtermet. Ergy Landau a prizsi mvszlet aktv rsztvevje volt, ebbl addan modelljeit a divat s a nagyvrosi let krnyezetbe helyezte.1928-ban vsrolta meg els 4x4-es Rolleiflex gpt. Nagy hatssal volt r Moholy- Nagy Lszlval val kapcsolata, mely megvltoztatta addigi szemlletmdjt. Az j trgyiassg jegyben kszlt fotit a forma, a fnykontrasztok, s a dinamikus kompozcik jellemzik. 1929-ben a szintn magyar szrmazs Nora Dumas asszisztensknt csatlakozott hozz. A msik magyar szrmazs lny a mhelyben Ylla (Koffler Kamilla) volt, aki ksbb llatokrl ksztett sorozataival vlt hress. Ergy Landau tbb mfajban is kiprblta magt, a reklm s divatfotk mellett gyermek s dokumentarista stlus felvteleket is szvesen ksztett. 1931-ben tbb trsval egytt szerepelt Mnchenben, a Lichtbild cm killtson. Szmos csoportos trlaton vett rszt a kvetkez vekben, amelyeken tbbek kztt Andr Kertsszel, Brassaival s Nora Dumas-val egytt szerepelt. 1936-ban Enfants (Gyermekek) cm nll ktete jelent meg. 1942-ben a gyermekfotzs tmakrben jabb knyvet jelentetett meg Comment photographier les enfants (Hogyan fnykpezznk gyermekeket?) cmmel. Kiemelked fontossggal brnak, az 1954-ben Knban ksztett riportfelvtelei. Ergy Landau az UNESCO delegci tagjaknt jutott el a tvoli orszgba, ahol klnbz npcsopor-

Ergy Landau Landau Erzsi (Budapest, 1896 -Prizs, 1967) 1896-ban szletett Budapesten. Els felvteleit 1918-ban ksztette. A szakmai alapokat az akkor mr ismert Mt Olga mtermben sajttotta el, akivel lete vgig barti viszonyban lltak, levelezseik hen dokumentljk kapcsolatukat. Ergy 1919-ben Bcsbe utazott, hogy tanulmnyait ott folytassa. Az osztrk fvrosban kapcsolatot tartott az emigrciban lv magyar mvszekkel, tbbek kztt Moholy-Nagy Lszlval is, aki portrt ksztett rla. Egy vvel ksbb szintn tovbbtanuls cljbl Berlinbe utazott. 1921-ben hazatrve szerepelt az Orszgos Fnykpsz killtson. Budapesti tartzkodsa alatt a Ferenc Jzsef rakparton nyitott mtermet, ahol a kor hressgei is megfordultak nla. Ehhez az

tok mindennapjaibl vett jeleneteket rktett meg, egy knyv megjelentse cljbl. Kpei a valsghoz hen bemutatjk neknk a nagyvros nnepi felvonulsnak esemnyeit, valamint a vidki, nomd letforma jellegzetessgeit is. Az 1957-ben kiadott Horoldamba- le petit mongol cm knyvhz hasonl tmj kpekbl ksztett, 49 fotbl ll illusztrcit. Szmtalan killthelyen szerepelt Ameriktl Eurpig, valamint rendszeresen jelentek meg alkotsai klnbz, fleg francia folyiratokban s knyvekben. 1967-ben Prizsban halt meg, hagyatkt a Rapho gynksg rzi. Killtsai: 1921- Budapest, Orszgos Fnykpsz killts 1924- IV. Mvszi Fnykpkillts 1929- Stuttgart, Film und Foto killts, szervezje Moholy-Nagy Lszl 1931- Mnchen, Das Lichtbild cm nemzetkzi trlat 1931- Galerie dart Contemporain killts 1932- Galeries Studio St. Jacques, Exposition pour la constitution des artistes photographes 1933- Prizsi Magyar Hz 1933- Daniel Masclet ltal szervezett La beaut de la femme- Premier salon du nu photographique 1933-Prizs, Galerie Braun, Limage photographique en France de Daguerre nos jours-Tendances nouvelles 1933- Brsszel, Internationale de la Photographie killts 1937- Jules Leleu dszletterveznl, Exposition Les DIX csoportos killts (Kollarral Brassaival, Kertsszel, Landauval, Boucherrel, Zuberrel egytt) 1937- New York, Museum of Modern ArtPhotography 1839-1937 1938- La Photographie de neige nemzetkzi killts 1948- Prizs, Prizsi magyar fotsok trlata 1988- Muse Nicphore Nipce, Chalonsur-Saone nll killts

Ergy Landau Landau Erzsi (Budapest, 1896- Paris, 1967) She was born is 1896 in Budapest. Her first snapshots were taken in 1918. Ergy learned the basics of the profession Olga Mts, who was famous at that time. They remained friends for life, their letters document this relationship. In 1919, Ergy left for Vienna, to continue her studies there. In the Austrian capital, she met Lszl Moholy-Nagy, who painted a portrait of hers. One year later she went to Berlin for studies. In 1921, she came back to Budapest and her works were exhibited in the National Exhibition of Photography. While being in Budapest she opened a studio on the Franz Josef Quay, where the celebrities of the time often appeared as well. The photography of Thomas were probably taken at this time. In 1923, she opened a studio in Paris. Ergy Landau was an active participant to the Parisian artistic life, thus she placed her models in the environment of mode and city life. In 1928, she bought her first 4x4 Rolleiflex camera. Her relationship with Lszl Moholy-Nagy deeply influenced her, this changed her earlier artistic vision. The photos taken in the new objective manner are characterized by forms, light contrasts and dynamic compositions. In 1929, the Hungarian-born Nora Dumas joined her as an assistant. The other Hungarian-born girl in the studio was Ylla (Kamilla Koffler), who became later famous for her series of photos of animals. Ergy Landau tried herself in different genres, besides advertising and mode; she was always ready to shoot children and documentary photos.

In 1931, Ergys works, with those of her fellows, were exhibited in Das Lichtbild exhibition in Munich. In the following years, she took part in numerous group exhibitions, where she was represented together with Andr Kertsz, Brassai and Nora Dumas. In 1936, Ergy published her independent book Enfants (Children). In 1942, she published a book in the filed of children photography: Comment photographier les enfants? (How should we take photos of children?). The importance of her documentary snapshots taken in China is significant. Ergy Landau arrived to the far away land as a member of the UNESCO delegation. There she immortalized scenes from everyday life of different ethnical groups, gathering thus material for a book. Her photos, faithful representations of reality, present us the events of the metropolitan festive procession, as well as the characteristics of the rural, nomadic lifestyle. 49 photos from a similar field were published in 1957, in her book entitled Horoldamba le petit mongol. She took part in numerous exhibitions from America to Europe, and also published writings, especially in French magazines and books. She died in 1967, in Paris, her heritage is preserved by the Rapho Agency. Exhibitions: 1921- Budapest, National Photographers Exhibition 1924- Budapest, IV. Exhibition of Artistic Photography 1929- Stuttgart, Film und Foto Exhibition, organized by Lszl Moholy-Nagy 1931- Munich, Das Lichtbild International Exhibition 1931- Galerie dart Contemporain Exhibition

1932- Galeries Studio St. Jacques, Exposition pour la constitution des artistes photographes 1933- Hungarian House of Paris, Photographes hongrois 1933- La beaut de la femme- Premier salon du nu photographique organized by Daniel Masclet 1933-Paris, Galerie Braun, Limage photographique en France de Daguerre nos jours-Tendances nouvelles 1933- Brussels, Internationale de la Photographie Exhibition 1937- At Jules Leleu stage designer, Exposition Les DIX Group Exhibition (together with Kollar, Brassai, Kertsz, Landau, Boucher, Zuber) 1937- New York, Museum of Modern Art Photography 1839-1937 1938- La Photographie de neige International Exhibition 1948- Paris, exhibition of the Hungarian photographers from Paris 1988- Muse Nicphore Nipce, Chalonsur-Saone independent exhibition

Ergy Landau: narckp aszisztensvel Nora Dumas-val

Nora Dumas Kelenfldi Telkes Nra (Budapest, 1890- Thonon, 1979) 1890-ben szletett Budapesten. Magyarorszgot 23 vesen hagyta el s nvrvel Prizsba utazott, hogy tanulmnyait ott folytathassa. A hbor veiben 1914 s 1917 kztt internltborba zrtk. Szabadulsa utn az Egyeslt llamokba utazott, ahol megismerkedett, a svjci szlets ptsszel Adrien-mile Dumas-val, akivel ksbb hzassgot kttt. Korai mveit Dumas-Satigny-knt szignlta, ezzel is utalva frje szrmazsi helyre. 1925-ben visszatrtek Franciaorszgba s Moissonsban egy kis paraszthzat vsroltak. A falu rdekessgt az adta, hogy kzssge a kt vilghbor kztt leters frfiak nlkl maradt, gy a lakossg fleg idsekbl s zvegyen maradt nkbl llt. Nora Dumas kedvelt tmja a vidki let mint eltnben lv jelensg. ksztette a leghitelesebb s legtfogbb feldolgozst a francia parasztsg letrl. Legjobb kpeit, melyeken a paraszti letforma jelenetei elevenedtek meg, a Szajna kanyarulatban lv kis falvakban ksztette. Az itt lthat fotsorozata is a vidki let szpsgeit, a falusiak mindennapjait mutatja

be. 1928-ban Prizsban Rolleiflex gpet vsrolt s hamarosan Ergy Landau fotmhelyhez csatlakozott. Mg ebben az vben, egy jromba feszl igslrl ksztett fotja hozta meg szmra az els nagy sikert. Ennek hatsra 1931-ben mr a kor elismert fotogrfusaival egytt (Ergy Landau, Andr Kertsz) a mncheni Das Lichtbild cm killtson, illetve szmos prizsi s brsszeli trlaton is bemutathatta munkit. A Vu, Bifur s a Photographie magazin is rendszeresen megjelentette felvteleit. Tovbb publiklt a Paris Magasine s a Pages Folles hasbjain. lete msodik felben a Genfi t kzelben lv Thononba kltztt, ahol 1979-ben hunyt el. Mveit a Rapho gynksg rzi. 1989-ben Franciaorszgban gyjtemnyes killtsa nylt, a Muse Nicphore Nipce-ben. Budapesten legutbb 1957-ben voltak lthatak kpei. Killtsai: 1931- Pliade Galria, Ilse Binggel s Maurice Tabarddal kzsen 1931- Plume dOr Galria 1931- Mnchen, Das Lichtbild cm killts Florence Henri, Germaine Krull, Ergy Landau, Kollar, Andr Kertsz trsasgban 1933- Studio Saint-Jaques Galerie, Exposition pour la Constitution des Artistes Photographes cm killtsai 1933- Prizsi Magyar Hz, Photographes hongrois 1933- Brsszel, Deuxime Internationale de la Photographie et du Cinma cm killtsa1934 Pliade Galerie, La publicit par la photographie, csoportos killtsa 1937- Jules Leleu dszletterveznl, Exposition Les DIX csoportos killts (Kollarral Brassaival, Kertsszel, Landauval, Boucherrel, Zuberrel egytt)

1937- Galerie dArt et Industrie, csoportos killts 1938- Galerie Paul Magn, Revue de la Photographie 1938 1939- Brsszel, Palais des Beaux-Art, Le Visages de la France cm killtsa 1957- Budapest, MADOME killts 1989- Muse Nicphore Nipce, Chalonsur-Saone gyjtemnyes killts Felhasznlt irodalom: - E. Csorba Csilla: Magyar Fotogrfusnk 1900-1945, Enciklopdia Kiad, Budapest, 2000. - Kincses Kroly: Fotogrfusok - Made in Hungary, Magyar Fotogrfiai Mzeum, Kecskemt - Frederico Molta Editore, Miln, 1998. - Kincses Kroly: Magyar fotogrfusok klfldn- kislexikon, in: Fotmvszet, LIV. vfolyam, 2. szm

Nora Dumas Kelenfldi Telkes Nra (Budapest, 1890- Thonon, 1979) She was born in 1890, in Budapest. At 23, together with her elder sister, she quit Hungary for Paris to continue her studies there. During the war, Nora spent the years 1914-1917 in an internment camp, after which she went to the United States. There, she met the Swiss-born architect, Adrien-mile Dumas, whom she married later. Her early works she signed Dumas-Satigny, thus hinting at the origin of her husband. In 1925, they returned to France and bought a small cottage in Moisson. The interesting characteristic of that village was that all of its vigorous male inhabitants died during the First World War, and the surviving population was especially represented by older men and widows. The favorite theme of Nora Dumas was the rural life as an endangered phenomenon. She undertook the most authentic and comprehensive processing of the French peasantrys life. Her best photos depicting scenes of French rural life were taken in small villages on the windings of the Seine. Her series of photos on view here reflect the beauty of rural life. She bought a Rolleiflex camera in 1928 and joined Ergy Landaus studio. In the same year, the artist had her first great success with a photo of a draft horse tensing under the yoke. As a consequence, she was represented together with already famous contemporary photographers (Ergy Landau, Andr Kertsz) at the exhibition Das Lichtbild in Munich, respectively at

Nora Dumas

Nora Dumas

Nora Dumas

other exhibitions in Paris and Brussels. Her snapshots were published systematically by Vu, Bifur and Photography magazine. Moreover, she published in the Paris magazine and Pages Follies. In the second half of her life, she moved to Thonon, situated near the Lake Geneva, where she died in 1979. Her works are preserved by the Rapho Agency. Her collected works were exhibited in 1989, in France at the Muse Nicphore Nipce. The last time her snapshots were exhibited in Budapest was in 1957. Exhibitions: 1931- Pliade Gallery, with Ilse Bing and Maurice Tabard 1931 - Plume dOr Gallery 1931 - Munich, Das Lichtbild International Exhibition (together with Florence Henri, Germaine Krull, Ergy Landau, Kollar, Andr Kertsz) 1933 - Studio Saint-Jaques Galerie, exhibition entitled Exposition pour la Constitution des Artistes Photographes 1933 - Hungarian House of Paris, Photographes hongrois 1933- Brussels, exhibition entitled Deuxime Internationale de la Photographie et du Cinma 1937 - At Jules Leleu stage designer, Exposition Les DIX csoportos Exhibition (together with Kollar, Brassai, Kertsz, Landau, Boucher, Zuber) 1937 - Galerie dArt et Industrie, group exhibition 1938 - Galerie Paul Magn, Revue de la Photographie 1938 1939 - Brsszel, Palais des Beaux-Art, exhibition entitled Le Visages de la France 1957 - Budapest, Exhibition MADOME 1989- Muse Nicphore Nipce, Chalonsur-Saone exhibition of her collected works

References : - E. Csorba Csilla: Magyar Fotogrfusnk 1900-1945, Enciklopdia Kiad, Budapest, 2000. - Kincses Kroly: Fotogrfusok - Made in Hungary, Magyar Fotogrfiai Mzeum, Kecskemt - Frederico Molta Editore, Miln, 1998. - Kincses Kroly: Magyar fotogrfusok klfldn - kislexikon, in: Fotmvszet, year LIV., number 2.

17. 29 x 35 cm 1. 29,5 x 39 cm, 1935 2. 23 x 28 cm, 1936 9. 27,5 x 33,5 cm, 1928 10. 32 x 29,5 cm, 1935

18. 30 x 39,5 cm

19. 41,5 x 30 cm, 1935

21. 38,5 x 29 cm, 1935

20. 38 x 28 cm 3. 40 x 29,5 cm, 1953 4. Ylla, 37 x 28 cm, 1933 5. 37,5 x 29,5 cm, 1931 11. 40 x 30 cm, 1952 12. 40,5 x 30 cm, 1933 13. 39,5 x 29 cm, 1950

22. 38,5 x 29 cm

24. 39,5 x 29 cm, 1938

23. 38 x 29,5 cm, 1935 6. 35 x 29,5 cm 7. 29,5 x 23,5 cm, 1936 8. 39,5 x 28,5 cm, 1937 14. 36 x 29,5 cm, 1935 15. 37,5 x 28,5 cm, 1934 16. 37 x 29 cm 25. 38 x 29 cm, 1932 26. 38,5 x 29 cm, 1934

vintzs, zselatinos ezst nagyts / vintage, gelatin silver print

vintzs, zselatinos ezst nagyts / vintage, gelatin silver print

vintzs, zselatinos ezst nagyts / vintage, gelatin silver print

Ergy Landau

Ergy Landau

27. 38,5 x 29 cm, 1934

28. 22 x 29 cm

35. 23 x 29 cm

36. 22,5 x 29 cm

38. 22,5 x 29 cm

39. 29 x 23 cm

29. 28,5 x 33 cm

30. 23 x 17,5 cm

31. 29 x 33 cm

40. 21,5 x 16,5 cm

41. 23 x 17,5 cm

32. 29 x 33 cm

33. 29 x 33 cm zselatinos ezst nagyts / gelatin silver print

34. 28 x 23 cm

42. 21,5 x 28 cm zselatinos ezst nagyts / wgelatin silver print

43. 22 x 28 cm