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26 October 2006

Advanced Gas Turbine Technology GT26


Presentation at the Jornada Tecnolgica in Madrid
Johannes Wick
General Manager Gas Turbine Project Execution

GT24/GT26 Gas Turbine Market Requirements Design Features Operational Flexibility Development and Validation GT24/GT26 Overview and Fleet Status Summary

z z z z z z

Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

GT Technology
Today and future market requirements
z z z

Increasing Efficiency Lower Emissions (NOx, CO) Improved Availability/Reliability


Proven Technology Extended Lifetime

Improved Operational Flexibility


Part Load Operation Start-up times and loading gradients Fuel flexibility (e.g. C2+ content)

Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

GT24/GT26 Gas Turbine Market Requirements Design Features Operational Flexibility Development and Validation GT24/GT26 Overview and Fleet Status Summary

z z z z z z

Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

GT Technology
Common ALSTOM GT Features
EV burners used in all ALSTOM gas turbines

Annular Combustor in GT8C2, GT13E2, GT24 and GT26

Maintenance free, welded rotor in all ALSTOM heavy duty gas turbines
Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 5

GT24/GT26 Technology
Welded Rotor

LP Turbine

HP Turbine

Compressor

z z z

One piece design with forged discs welded together Applied since 1929 to all GT and ST rotors Maintenance free - no restacking required no major overhaul

No major overhauls: Increased availability and reduced maintenance


Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 6

GT24/GT26 Technology
Single Shaft Sequential Combustion
Retractable SEV Fuel Lance 24 SEV Burners
EV SEV = EnVironmental = Sequential EnVironmental

annular EV Combustor Retractable EV Burners with EV Fuel Lances


(GT24=20, GT26 =24)

Annular SEV Combustor

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ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

GT24/GT26 Technology
EnVironmental (EV) Burner
z

A standard burner design, used in all ALSTOM gas turbines A simple robust design:
No maintenance-prone cans, transition pieces, or cross-fire tubes No burner inspections required

Perfect air and fuel mixing:


fuel gas injection into high velocity air stream flame stabilized in combustor with no contact with burner

EV dry low NOx Technology the cost effective way to low emissions
Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 8

GT24/GT26 Gas Turbine Market Requirements Design Features Operational Flexibility Development and Validation GT24/GT26 Overview and Fleet Status Summary

z z z z z z

Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

GT24/GT26 Operation
Operation Concept
EV-Combustor Temperature

SEV Combustor Temperature GT Exhaust Temperature


VIGV open

VIGV idle position Inlet Air Mass flow (Inlet Guide Vane Position) SEV Ignition at ~12% Load

0%

40%

100%

Load [% of base load]


z z

EV temperature maintained from about 30%-100% load for low emissions High exhaust temperature maintained from 40%-100% load for high CC part load efficiency
ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 10

Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

GT24/GT26 Gas Turbine


Part Load Efficiency
100%

Relative CCPP Efficiency vs. CC Load


Sequential Combustion

Relative CC Gross Efficiency

95%

90%
Single Combustion

85%

80% 40
-

50

60

70

80

90

100

CCPP Load [%]

z z

GT exhaust temperature maintained from 40% to 100% GT load High exhaust energy - optimal for high steam parameters under full and part load conditions
ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 11

Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

GT26 Technology
NOx Emissions
Measurements at the GT26 Test Power Plant in Birr Summer 2005

1000 NOx_dry @ 15%O2 [ppm]

100
Typical permit limit of 25 vppm

10
Measurements

40%

50%

60%

70% 80% Relative Load [%]

90%

100%

Lowest NOx Emissions from 40% - 100% Load with the GT26 Sequential Combustion System
Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 12

GT24/GT26 Gas Turbine


Combined Cycle Start-up Curves
Full Load
Hot Start (max. ~8 hrs shutdown) Warm Start (~60 hrs shutdown) Cold Start (>120 hrs shutdown)

Sin g

le S h Mu aft lti Sh a

ft

HRSG purging time not included


GT Ignition Single Shaft: 47 Multi Shaft *:
* 1 static frequency converter -> sequential start-up of GTs
Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

115 52 Time [minutes] 140

145 165

ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

13

GT24/GT26 Gas Turbine Market Requirements Design Features Operational Flexibility Development and Validation GT24/GT26 Overview and Fleet Status Summary

z z z z z z

Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

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GT24/GT26 Quality Engineering


Rolls-Royce - ALSTOM Agreement
Uncovered Side Cooling at Blade Trailing Edges
Internal Heat Transfer Coefficient Prediction

High Lift 3D Shape Interaction with Film Cooling

Design for Reduced Leakage


External Heat Transfer Coefficient & Temperature Prediction Secondary Air Flow Knowledge Based Design Systems and Processes

Rear Outer and Inner Discharge Nozzle


Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 15

GT24/GT26 Quality Engineering


Product Development Process
Agreed baseline Development specification Concept freeze Design freeze Release for introduction Complete

C P 0

Specify

C P 1

Derive Concept

C P 2

Detail Design

C P 3

Validate

C P 4

Introduce to fleet

C P 5

Part & Component Tests e.g. burner tests

ALSTOM Test Power Plant

Validated to the Appropriate Level


Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 16

GT24/GT26 Quality Engineering


ALSTOMs GT Test Power Plant Small Size
GT8C2 Engine in Simple Cycle Operation

The ALSTOM GT Test Power Plant in Birr, Switzerland


GT26 Engine in Simple Cycle Operation
Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

Advanced Technology
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ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

GT24/GT26 Quality Engineering


Why a Dedicated Test Power Plant?

9 Flexibility in test campaign


planning without commercial time constraints

9 Ability to operate the engine at


extreme conditions

9 Proximity to R&D and


manufacturing facilities

9 Operating experience under


real load conditions (connection to Swiss grid)

GT Test Power Plant and Rotor/Blade Manufacturing in Birr, Switzerland (15 min from Baden Office)

The ALSTOM Gas Turbine Test Power Plant Advantage


Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 18

GT24/GT26 Gas Turbine Market Requirements Design Features Operational Flexibility Development and Validation GT24/GT26 Overview and Fleet Status Summary

z z z z z z

Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

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GT24/GT26 Gas Turbine


Key Advantages

Advantages of GT24 / GT26 Sequential Combustion seen in the field


Superior part load efficiencies Low emissions from 40% to 100% load High fuel flexibility (natural gas composition; oil No.2) Very low combined cycle start-up times
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Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

GT24/GT26 Gas Turbines


References
z

79 units commercial (51 x GT24, 28 x GT26)*)


+ 19 GT26 units in construction Thailand, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK, France & Australia -> next project will get 100th turbine!

Fleet Experience:
Simple Cycle, Combined Cycle and Repowering Single Shaft and Multi Shaft From Daily starts and stops to base load operating plants Natural gas (also with high inert/C2+), oil with online fuel switchover *) excl. GT26 at the GT Test Power Plant in Birr, CH Power Augmentation by Inlet cooling & High Fogging

>2000000 fired hours with >40000 starts at >98% GT reliability


Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 21

GT24/GT26 Fleet
GILBERT BURGIN AGAWAM MIDLOTHIAN ISLAND COGEN LAKE ROAD MILFORD BLACKSTONE BAYSIDE HAYS MIDLOTHIAN II BELLINGHAM LA PALOMA 1xGT24 2xGT24 1xKA24-1 4xKA24-1 1xKA24-1 3xKA24-1 2xKA24-1 2xKA24-1 1xKA24-1 4xKA24-1 2xKA24-1 2xKA24-1 4xKA24-1 Reliant LG&E PDC ANP Westcoast Lake Road Generation PDC ANP Westcoast*) ANP ANP ANP PG&E BESOS BESOS SAN ROQUE SAN ROQUE CASTEJON CARTAGENA CASTEJON 2 MALAGA SOTO DE RIBERA 1xKA26-1 1xKA26-1 1xKA26-1 1xKA26-1 1xKA26-1 3xKA26-1 1xKA26-1 1xKA26-1 1xKA26-1 Endesa Gas Natural Endesa Gas Natural Hc Energia Gas Natural Hc Energia Gas Natural Hc Energia RINGSEND ROCKSAVAGE ENFIELD SHOREHAM CORYTON LANGAGE RDK CyCoFos 1 xKA26-1 Synergen 1xKA26-2 1xKA26-1 1xKA26-1 1xKA26-2 1xKA26-2 1xKA26 InterGen E.On Scottish Power InterGen Centrica EnBW *)

1xKA26-1 CyCoFos

SCANDALE 2xKA26-1 Eurosviluppo Elettrica GISSI 2xKA26-1 Abruzzoenergia MODUGNO 1xKA26-2 Energia ALSTOM Gas Turbine Test Power Plant, 1xGT26 TERMOBAHIA 1xKA24-1 Petrobras/EV CHIBA 1xKA26-1 JFE PORYONG, 4 xKA24-2 KEPCO HAI FU, 2xKA24-2 Ever Power

MONTERREY ROSARITO HERMOSILLO MONTERREY III Legend:

2xKA24-1 2xKA24-1 1xKA24-1 4xKA24-1

CFE CFE Union Fenosa Iberdrola En.

BOWIN 2xKA26-1 Glow IPP Co. BANG BO 1xKA26-1 EPEC KHANG KHOI 2xKA26-2 Gulf Power

SWANBANK 1xKA26-1 CS Energy TALLAWARRA 1xKA26-1 TRUenergy

DOCK SUD, 1xKA26-2 CDS TOCOPILLA 1xKA26-1 Electroandina

Single Shaft Combined Cycle in red Multi Shaft Combined Cycle in black & underlined Simple Cycle in blue and italic *) = Repowering Projects

SENOKO 1xKA26 Senoko Power *) SENOKO II 2xKA26 Senoko Power *)

TARANAKI 1 xKA26-1 Contact Energy

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ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

22

GT24/GT26 Fleet
Reliability (acc. ISO 3977/IEEE 762)
z

60 x GT24/GT26 units monitored


82% of the plants in commercial operation

100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%

Data taken from start of commercial operation


until 30th June 06 covers a total of 1857362 period hours

GT Reliability >98%
(including GT auxiliaries)

No significant differences between GT24 and GT26

1 GT Reliability

Average Plant Reliability >97% Average Plant Starting Reliability >95%


Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 23

GT26 Power Plants


Some exceptional facts for GT26 Units
z

GT26 CCPP Castejon achieved 98.0% plant availability in its first 3 years of operation

GT24/GT26 fleet record of continuous operation is 189 days in GT26 Bang Bo Plant in Thailand

The GT24/GT26 is a reliable workhorse


Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 24

GT26 Power Plants


Most Recent Commercial Plant in Spain
z

Cartagena Plant, Spain


1200 MW based on 3 x GT26 single-shaft power trains EPC for CCPP & long term O&M Repeat order

z z

Complete plant handed over to the client and in commercial operation <25 months construction time PAC in achieved ahead of schedule

Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

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GT26 Gas Turbine


GT and Plant Performance
Gross Gas Turbine ISO Rating GT26 288.3 MW 38.3 %
KA26-2 ICSTM
Multi Shaft 2 on 1

KA26-1 Net Combined Cycle Plant Output


Single Shaft 1 on 1

KA26-2
Multi Shaft 2 on 1

Plant Net Output Plant Net Efficiency Plant Net Heat Rate
all data at ISO conditions

MW % kJ/kWh

424.0 58.3 6172

850.3 58.5 6156

857.7 59.0 6103

ALSTOMs large size, advanced GT26: Highest combined cycle efficiency in its class
Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 26

GT24/GT26 Gas Turbine Market Requirements Design Features Operational Flexibility Development and Validation GT24/GT26 Overview and Fleet Status Summary

z z z z z z

Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26)

ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

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Gas Turbine Technology


Summary
z

Two ways of developments in the market: New model with new technology Steam cooling, new materials Upgrading mature technologies ALSTOM way: upgrades mature technology
With proven elements & calibrated tools Maximization of performance and decrease of emissions Optimisation of economics

z z

Upgrades validated and in operation Upgrades accepted by the market


15 engines with new rating already sold

Evolutionary steps ensure a conservative approach towards 60% CCPP efficiency with existing platforms
Jornada Tecnolgica 26 Oct 06/jw R 4.38(26) ALSTOM 2006. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited. 28

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