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LABOR SITUATION

Office of Research
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
April 2006 Data
Raeanne V. Curtis
Acting Commissioner

APRIL’S EMPLOYMENT DATA BRINGS GOOD NEWS TO THE STATE

WETHERSFIELD, May 18, 2006 – Connecticut’s nonfarm employment in April was 1,674,400, an increase of 7,500
jobs from the revised March figures, the Connecticut Department of Labor announced today. The increase is in part
attributed to the resolution of the labor-management dispute at Sikorsky Aircraft, which is for the most part
represented in the manufacturing sector. On a seasonally adjusted basis, this is a gain of 10,100 jobs compared to
the April 2005 figure. This employment data is based on a survey of business establishments.

“Connecticut’s employment picture is brightening and that is very good news for families and the businesses that
operate here,” said Governor M. Jodi Rell. “We have been working hard to rebuild our economy and these numbers
validate that ongoing effort. We still have more to do, but I am very much encouraged by this report and have every
reason to believe that this growth will continue.”

“While approximately half of the month’s sharp increase reflects the Sikorsky workers who have returned to work, we
still saw a noticeable increase in employment during the month of April, exceeding the nation on a percentage
basis,” said State Labor Economist John Tirinzonie. “Indications are that the state is back on track for job creation,
and as companies continue to expand their workforce we should see this trend continue into the summer.”

Nonfarm Employment (Seasonally Adjusted)
The professional and business services sector showed the largest monthly employment gain of all major sectors, up
1,300. Since April 2004, this supersector has added 6,600 jobs, with 4,000 in the last year alone. Noticeable gains
were also registered in educational and health services, leisure and hospitality, and government, with each posting
an over-the-month increase of 1,000. The educational and health services sector has been a major source of
employment growth in the last two years, creating 9,400 jobs, or more than one-third of all new jobs in the state,
many of these being professional, technical and management positions. Also on the positive side, other services
gained 600 jobs, while financial activities, after adding more than 1,000 new jobs in the last few months, remained
relatively unchanged in April. Employment levels in information and trade, transportation and utilities also stayed
relatively flat.

The manufacturing sector showed an increase of 3,500 jobs this month as striking workers returning to work were
once again counted in this sector’s employment numbers. The construction industry again experienced a loss in
employment, shedding 1,000 this month after a loss of 500 in the prior month. Despite the recent drop in the number
of construction jobs, employment in this industry still exceeds pre-recession levels.

Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Detailed Industries: In manufacturing, non-adjusted, over-the-month employment within industry sectors showed
slight gains in fabricated metal products, computer and electronic equipment, while machinery and miscellaneous
manufacturing industries showed a slight decline. In nondurable goods manufacturing, employment remained
relatively flat, with a slight gain in printing and related services. Most industries in both durable and nondurable
goods manufacturing showed employment declines since last year at this time, with the exception of aerospace
products and parts manufacturing, up 600. Most of the losses appear to be in large layoffs or plant closings, while
many small and midsize firms have shown positive growth in this supersector.

Within financial activities, slight gains were seen in credit intermediation and real estate, while insurance carriers
remained relatively flat. However, within the last year, the finance and insurance sector, which currently employs
122,800 workers, has seen very positive growth, adding approximately 1,500 new jobs to its payroll.
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In the professional and business services supersector, services to buildings and dwellings, which includes
landscaping services, showed its usual springtime jump in employment, rising to 27,000 workers -- 200 higher than
last year at this time. All other industries within this supersector remained relatively unchanged with the exception of
employment services, which dropped slightly to an employment level of 31,200.

Within the leisure and hospitality supersector, both over-the-month and over-the-year job gains were seen in all
industries, with accommodation and food services showing the greatest jump from last year, up 1,000 jobs to its
current level of 105,700. The employment level for food services and drinking places alone climbed to 94,000, up 400
from last year at this time. Also within this supersector, arts, entertainment, and recreation provided an additional
700 new jobs from last April, bringing the total in this industry to 23,700.

Employment in both state and local government increased this month, and local government, which accounts for
approximately 98,000 jobs, was also up 900 from April 2005. Within federal government, employment was relatively
unchanged this month and down slightly from last year.

Hours and Earnings: The manufacturing production workweek in April 2006, not seasonally adjusted, averaged 41.7
hours. That is a decrease of from a year ago when it was 42.3 hours. Average hourly earnings at $19.56, also not
seasonally adjusted, were up 89 cents from April 2005. The resulting average weekly wage for manufacturing
workers at $815.65 in April 2006, was up $25.91 from a year ago.

Labor Force Data
Connecticut’s labor force was down 800 persons from last month, bringing this month’s total to 1,830,800, up 16,600
from the April 2005 figure.

Unemployment: Based on the household survey, the estimate of unemployed people, seasonally adjusted,
decreased by 13,000 to 71,900 and the unemployment rate dropped to 3.9 percent. The unemployment rate for April
is one percentage point less than it was a year ago when it was 4.9 percent, and eight-tenths of a percentage point
below the nation’s rate of 4.7 percent. The number of unemployed also dropped from last year, down 17,600.
Average weekly initial unemployment claims for first-time filers increased over the month by 288 to 4,229. The
average for April was up 26 claims over the year.

Labor Market Areas: Over the year, Hartford, the largest of the state’s labor market areas (LMAs), added the most
jobs, 6,300. The Bridgeport-Stamford LMA added 2,100 jobs, followed by Danbury with 1,000 more jobs. Torrington
added 500 jobs, and New Haven added 400 jobs over the year. Only the Waterbury and Norwich-New London LMAs
lost jobs, with 500 and 100 fewer jobs over the year, respectively.

The unemployment rates in all nine labor market areas, not seasonally adjusted, were down over the year. For April,
Danbury had the lowest unemployment rate of the LMAs, at 2.9 percent; followed by Bridgeport-Stamford and
Torrington, both at 3.5 percent; and Norwich-New London, at 3.8 percent. The Waterbury area had the highest
unemployment rate at 5.0 percent.

Note: The nonfarm employment estimate is derived from a survey of businesses and is a measure of jobs in the state; the
unemployment rate is based largely on a household survey and is a measure of the work status of people who live in
Connecticut.

Contact: Nancy Steffens (860) 263-6535 5-18-06

###
Labor market information is available on the Internet at www.ctdol.state.ct.us/lmi

200 Folly Brook Boulevard, Wethersfield, CT 06109-1114 l www.ct.gov/dol
An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer
NONFARM EMPLOYMENT
Jobs - by Place of Work

CONNECTICUT AND THE UNITED STATES
Change Change
Apr. Mar. Feb. Jan. Apr. over Month over Year
2006 2006 2006 2005 2005 Number % Number %
Seasonally Adjusted
CONNECTICUT 1,674,400 1,666,900 * 1,671,900 1,669,200 1,664,300 7,500 0.4% 10,100 0.6%
Goods Producing Industries
Construction 64,600 65,600 66,100 66,200 66,400 -1,000 -1.5% -1,800 -2.7%
Manufacturing 193,400 189,900 * 193,600 193,900 195,800 3,500 1.8% -2,400 -1.2%
Service Providing Industries
Trade, Transp and Utilities 312,500 312,500 313,400 313,800 311,700 0 0.0% 800 0.3%
Information 37,800 37,900 38,300 38,200 38,400 -100 -0.3% -600 -1.6%
Financial Activities 144,300 144,200 143,600 143,400 142,400 100 0.1% 1,900 1.3%
Prof and Business Services 203,400 202,100 201,700 200,400 199,400 1,300 0.6% 4,000 2.0%
Educational and Health Services 276,100 275,100 274,400 273,800 272,900 1,000 0.4% 3,200 1.2%
Leisure and Hospitality 132,500 131,500 131,200 130,600 130,400 1,000 0.8% 2,100 1.6%
Other Services 63,500 62,900 62,900 62,400 62,900 600 1.0% 600 1.0%
Government** 245,500 244,500 246,000 245,800 243,300 1,000 0.4% 2,200 0.9%

UNITED STATES 135,068,000 134,930,000 134,730,000 134,530,000 133,104,000 138,000 0.1% 1,964,000 1.5%
Seasonally Adjusted

CONNECTICUT NONFARM EMPLOYMENT - Seasonally Adjusted 2004 - 2006
1700

1680
Thousands

1660 2004

1640 2005
2006
1620

1600
J F M A M J J A S O N D

LABOR MARKET AREAS - Not Seasonally Adjusted
Labor Market Area employment estimates are made independently of Statewide estimates.
Change Change
Apr. Mar. Feb. Jan. ... Apr. over Month over Year
2006 2006 2006 2005 2005 Number % Number %
Labor Market Areas
Bridgeport-Stamford 413,200 405,700 * 406,400 406,600 411,100 7,500 1.8% 2,100 0.5%
Danbury 69,600 69,200 68,300 68,400 68,600 400 0.6% 1,000 1.5%
Enfield 46,800 46,700 46,600 47,100 46,800 100 0.2% 0 0.0%
Hartford 551,000 543,900 541,800 540,300 544,700 7,100 1.3% 6,300 1.2%
New Haven 275,500 270,400 271,600 269,700 275,100 5,100 1.9% 400 0.1%
Norwich-New London 135,300 133,600 132,800 133,400 135,400 1,700 1.3% -100 -0.1%
Torrington 37,200 37,300 36,800 36,900 36,700 -100 -0.3% 500 1.4%
Waterbury 68,700 68,300 68,300 67,900 69,200 400 0.6% -500 -0.7%
Willimantic-Danielson 37,000 36,900 36,400 36,600 36,900 100 0.3% 100 0.3%

* Labor-management dispute ** Includes Native American tribal government employment

Data in this publication are benchmarked to March 2005. Current month's nonfarm employment data are preliminary, previous months'
data are revised. Nonfarm employment, hours and earnings, and labor force data included in this publication are developed in cooperation
with the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Connecticut Labor Situation April 2006
UNEMPLOYMENT
Persons Unemployed - by Place of Residence

CONNECTICUT AND THE UNITED STATES

April 2006 April 2005 March 2006
Percent Percent Change from Percent
of Civ. of Civ. Year Ago of Civ.
Labor Labor Percentage Labor
Number Force Number Force Number Points Number Force

Seasonally Adjusted
CONNECTICUT
Unemployed 71,900 3.9 89,500 4.9 -17,600 -1.0 84,900 4.6
Labor Force 1,830,800 1,814,200 16,600 1,831,600
UNITED STATES
Unemployed 7,123,000 4.7 7,644,000 5.1 -521,000 -0.4 7,011,000 4.7
Labor Force 150,811,000 148,839,000 1,972,000 150,652,000

Unemployed - Not Seasonally Adjusted
CONNECTICUT 69,600 3.8 87,300 4.8 -17,700 -1.0 87,000 4.8
Labor Market Areas
Bridgeport-Stamford 16,000 3.5 20,500 4.5 -4,500 -1.0 20,000 4.3
Danbury 2,600 2.9 3,200 3.7 -600 -0.8 3,200 3.5
Enfield 1,900 4.0 2,300 4.8 -400 -0.8 2,300 4.8
Hartford 22,700 4.0 28,700 5.1 -6,000 -1.1 28,800 5.0
New Haven 11,800 3.9 14,800 4.9 -3,000 -1.0 14,400 4.8
Norwich-New London 5,600 3.8 6,400 4.3 -800 -0.5 6,900 4.6
Torrington 1,900 3.5 2,500 4.8 -600 -1.3 2,600 4.7
Waterbury 5,000 5.0 6,400 6.4 -1,400 -1.4 6,300 6.3
Willimantic-Danielson 2,600 4.7 3,000 5.5 -400 -0.8 3,200 5.7

UNITED STATES 6,804,000 4.5 7,335,000 4.9 -531,000 -0.4 7,255,000 4.8

U.S. AND CONNECTICUT UNEMPLOYMENT RATES - Seasonally Adjusted
2004 - 2006
7.0

6.0
Percent Unemployed

US
5.0
CT

4.0

3.0
J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D

2004 2005 2006

Connecticut Labor Situation April 2006
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
Not Seasonally Adjusted

North
Canaan
Colebrook Hartland
Suffield Enfield Somers Union
Salisbury Stafford
Norfolk Thompson
Granby Enfield Woodstock
Canaan
East 4.0
Barkhamsted Granby Windsor
Winchester Locks
East Ellington Putnam
Windsor Pomfret
Willington Ashford Eastford
Simsbury Tolland
Windsor
Sharon
Goshen New
Canton Willimantic-Danielson
Cornwall Bloomfield South
Torrington Hartford
Windsor
Vernon 4.7
Torrington Killingly
Avon Chaplin
3.5 Coventry Mansfield Hampton Brooklyn
West East Manchester Bolton
Harwinton Burlington Hartford HartfordHartford
Warren Litchfield Hartford
Kent Farmington Andover
4.0

Ne
Windham
ton Wethersfield Scotland Canterbury Plainfield Sterling

win
Morris as Columbia
om Bristol New Glastonbury

gto
Th Plainville Britain

n
Plymouth Rocky Hebron
Washington Hill
Bethlehem Marlborough Lebanon Sprague
She

New Watertown Berlin Cromwell Franklin
Wolcott Southington Portland Lisbon
rma

Milford
Waterbury East
Griswold Voluntown
n

Danbury Roxbury
Woodbury 5.0 Hampton Colchester
Norwich
Waterbury Middletown Bozrah
Meriden
2.9 Bridge- Middlebury
Middlefield Preston
water Cheshire
Prospect
New Naugatuck East Salem Norwich-New London
Fairfield Southbury
Brookfield
Wallingford Durham Haddam Haddam 3.8 North
Beacon Stonington
Montville Ledyard
Oxford Falls Bethany

Danbury
New Haven Chester
Newtown Hamden Lyme
Seymour
North 3.9 Killing-
Deep
Waterford
Bethel Haven worth East Stonington
Wood- River Lyme New Groton
Monroe Ansoniabridge North Essex London
Branford
Derby Old
Shelton New Guilford West- Lyme
Ridgefield Redding Haven East Clinton Old
brook Saybrook
Bridgeport-Stamford HavenBranford Madison
Orange West
3.5 Haven

Wilton
Weston
Easton Trumbull

Stratford
Milford April 2006
Bridgeport
New
Canaan
Westport
Fairfield
Connecticut: 3.8%
Stamford Norwalk
U.S.: 4.5%
Greenwich
Darien
Unemployment Rates by Labor Market Area
(All rates are preliminary, not seasonally adjusted.)
Areas established from the 2000 Census Norwich-New London Labor Market Area includes Westerly, RI

HOURS AND EARNINGS
Manufacturing Production and Related Workers

CONNECTICUT AND LABOR MARKET AREAS - Not Seasonally Adjusted

Average Weekly Earnings Average Weekly Hours Average Hourly Earnings

Apr. Apr. Change Mar. Apr. Apr. Change Mar. Apr. Apr. Change Mar.
2006 2005 over Yr. 2006 2006 2005 over Yr. 2006 2006 2005 over Yr. 2006

CONNECTICUT $815.65 $789.74 $25.91 $821.94 41.7 42.3 -0.6 42.0 $19.56 $18.67 $0.89 $19.57

Bridgeport-Stamford 870.62 782.28 88.34 901.82 40.4 41.0 -0.6 44.8 21.55 19.08 2.47 20.13
New Haven 644.92 657.31 -12.39 661.05 37.3 40.6 -3.3 39.0 17.29 16.19 1.10 16.95
Norwich-New London 824.33 793.05 31.28 827.22 42.8 42.5 0.3 42.4 19.26 18.66 0.60 19.51

Due to constraints of the sample upon which estimates are made, manufacturing hours and earnings estimates for the Hartford and
Waterbury labor market areas have been suspended.

Connecticut Labor Situation April 2006
TRENDS
Seasonally Adjusted

Nonfarm Total Unemployment
Employment (000s) Rate
2005
Jan 1,656.6 4.9 Nonfarm Employment
Feb 1,659.6 5.0
1,680
Mar 1,657.3 5.1
Apr 1,664.3 4.9 1,675

Thousands
May 1,661.6 5.0 1,670
Jun 1,663.9 4.9 1,665
July 1,663.8 4.9
1,660
Aug 1,663.7 5.0
Sep 1,665.4 4.9 1,655
Oct 1,667.6 4.9 1,650
Nov 1,667.7 4.7 Jan Mar May July Sep Nov Jan Mar May July Sep Nov
Dec 1,668.6 4.6 2005 2006

2006
Jan 1,669.2 4.6
Feb 1,671.9 4.5
Mar 1,666.9 ** 4.6 Total Unemployment Rate
6.0
Apr 1,674.4 3.9
May 5.5

Jun 5.0
Percent

July
4.5
Aug
Sep 4.0

Oct 3.5
Nov
3.0
Dec Jan Mar May July Sep Nov Jan Mar May July Sep Nov
2005 2006

Avg Weekly Avg Manufacturing
Initial Claims Weekly Hours*
2005
Jan 4,248 42.0 Average Weekly Initial Claims
Feb 4,046 41.9 5,000

Mar 4,298 42.0
4,500
Apr 4,203 42.3
May 3,972 42.2 4,000
Jun 3,995 42.5
3,500
July 4,160 42.1
Aug 4,232 41.8 3,000
Sep 4,022 42.0
2,500
Oct 4,294 42.1
Jan Mar May July Sep Nov Jan Mar May July Sep Nov
Nov 4,175 42.3 2005 2006
Dec 4,435 42.7

2006
Jan 3,524 42.5
Feb 4,281 42.3
Mar 3,941 42.0 Average Manufacturing Weekly Hours
Apr 4,229 41.7 43.0
May
Jun 42.0
July
Aug
Sep 41.0

Oct
Nov 40.0
Dec Jan Mar May July Sep Nov Jan Mar May July Sep Nov
2005 2006

* Not Seasonally Adjusted
** Labor-management dispute

Connecticut Labor Situation April 2006