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WCDMA BTS3900 Hardware Structure

As an important part of UTRAN,

NodeB mainly processes the signals of


physical layer of Uu interface
BTS3900 is a new generation indoor

marco NodeB which is produced by Huawei Co. Ltd.

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Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:


Master the hardware structure of BTS3900 Master the working principle of different subsystems and boards of BTS3900 Master the cables connection rules of BTS3900 Know typical configurations of BTS3900

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BTS3900 Product Description

BTS3900 Hardware Description

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Chapter 1 NodeB Overview Chapter 2 BTS3900 Hardware Structure Chapter 3 BTS3900 Typical Configuration

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Abbreviations
WMPT WBBPa WRFU UBFA UEIU UELP UFLP UPEU UAEU UIEU UTRP DCDU-01 CPRI PSU PMU APM
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WCDMA Main Processing and Transmission Unit WCDMA Baseband Process unit Type A WCDMA Radio Filter Unit Universal BBU Fan Unit Type A Universal Environment Interface unit Universal E1/T1 Lighting Protection unit Universal FE/GE Lighting Protection unit Universal Power and Environment Interface Unit Universal ATM over E1/T1 Interface and Processing Unit Universal IP Packet over E1/T1 Interface and Processing Unit Universal Transmission Processing Unit Direct Current Distribution Unit-01 Common Protocol Radio Interface The power supply unit The power and environment monitoring unit Advanced Power Module

NodeB Position in UMTS Network


UE
UTRAN
Uu Iu

CN

RNC
Iub Iu-BC NodeB

Iu-CS

CS Iu-PS

Iur
NodeB Iu-BC PS

Iub

NodeB

RNC
CBC

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NodeB System Architecture


Clock synchronization source Uu UE Antenna & feeder subsystem GPS antenna & feeder system

Internal Clock
RNC

BTS3900 cabinet power supply system DDF

Iub Transmission device

Environment Monitoring device O&M terminal

BTS3900 System

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Chapter 1 NodeB Overview Chapter 2 BTS3900 Hardware Structure Chapter 3 BTS3900 Typical Configuration

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Chapter 2 BTS3900 Hardware Structure Section 1 BTS3900 Introduction

Section 2 BBU Modules Structure


Section 3 RF Modules Structure Section 4 Power Modules Structure Section 5 BTS3900 Cables

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BTS3900 Appearance
Type Dimensions Empty cabinet Parameters 600(W)*900(H)*450(D) 70kg

Weight under full configuration


3*1 and 3*2 Weight - 48V : Input range of voltage +24V: Input range of voltage 200 V AC to 240 V AC

160Kg
120Kg -38.4V DC to -57V DC +21.6 V DC to +29 V DC 200 V AC to 240 V AC 176 V AC to 290 V AC, single-phase

200 V AC/346 V AC to 240 V AC/415V AC


Working Temperature

176 V AC/304 V AC to 290 V AC/500 V AC, three-phase

-20+50

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BTS3900 Single Cabinet Full Configuration Structure


1U

9U

19U 2U
1U

1U 2U 1U 2U

- 48VDC Single Cabinet


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+ 24VDC Single Cabinet

220V AC Single Cabinet

BTS3900 Stacked Cabinets Full Configuration Structure

3U

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BTS3900 Capacity and Characteristics


System capacity specifications: BTS3900 can support up to: uplink 1536 CEs and downlink 1536 CEs BTS3900 can support up to: 3*8 cells or 6*4 cells
Characteristics

Transmission Type: E1/T1, FE (electrical port ), FE (optical port ),


Networking mode: star, chain, tree and hybrid Synchronization clock sources: Iub interface clock, GPS, and internal clock

Handover types: softer handover, soft handover and hard handover


Services: CS services, PS services , mixed services and position services Enhanced functionsRET , HSDPA , HSUPA phase II

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BTS3900 Logical Structure


+24V/220V -48V PSU Power Module

DCDU

WRFU Iub RNC Baseband Transmission Control module BBU WRFU RF Module Antenna

Signal Page 15

Current

Chapter 2 BTS3900 Hardware Structure Section 1 BTS3900 Introduction

Section 2 BBU Modules Structure


Section 3 RF Modules Structure Section 4 Power Modules Structure Section 5 BTS3900 Cables

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Logical Structure of the BBU3900 Module


OMC Control Subsystem External Subsystem

Clock mode

Signaling Processing

Operation& Maintenance

Power mode

Decoding FP Processing E1/T1 FE Transport Interface Transmission Adaptation Protocol Processing

Demodulation
Power Control information

Interface Module

CPRI

RNC

TO WRFU

Codling Transport Subsystem

Modulation

Baseband Subsystem

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BBU3900 Module Introduction


Full configuration

Typical configuration

Mandatory boards and modulesWMPT, WBBP, UBFA, and UPEU The optional boards are the UELP, UFLP, UTRP, and UEIU.

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BBU3900 Module Introduction


Slot 16 SLOT0 SLOT1 SLOT2 SLOT3 SLOT4 SLOT5 SLOT6 SLOT7 Slot 19 Slot 18 B F A WBBP WBBP WBBP WBBP UTRP UTRP WMPT WMPT PEU/ EIU PEU/ EIU

Active and standby slot definition only for UTRP board

Slot boards definition

Board WMPT UTRP WBBP UELP

Slot 0

Slot 1

Slot 2

Slot 3

Slot 4

Slot 5

Slot 6 available

Slot 7 available

available available available

available available

available available

available available

available

available

available

UFLP

available

available

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BBU Module --- WMPT Board


IP transmission on Electrical Port :RJ45 Loading Testing:USB GPS antenna: SMA

LEDs

Commissioning:RJ45

IP transmission Optical signals: SFP

4E1:DB26

Main Functions Board number Providing OM functions maximum is 2 for one BBU mandatory board Controlling other boards in the system and working in active and standby providing the reference clock

Providing USB ports for automatic NodeB upgraded Providing transmission port for Iub interface Providing OM channels
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BBU Module --- WMPT Board

Label RUN

LEDs of running status of WMPT:


Color Green Status ON OFF 1s ON, 1s OFF Description The board has power input, yet the board is faulty. The board has no power input. The board is running as configured.

0.125s ON, 0.125s OFF


ALM Red ON

The software is being loaded to the board, or the board is not in use.
The board is reporting hardware alarms.

OFF
ACT Green ON OFF

The board is running properly.


The board is in active mode. The board is in standby mode.

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BBU Module --- WMPT Board

LED LEDs beside the FE1 and FE0 optical port

Color Green

Status ON OFF

Description The connections are functional. The connections are faulty. There is ongoing data transmission. There is no data transmission. The connections are functional. The connections are faulty. There is ongoing data transmission. There is no data transmission.

Yellow

Blinking OFF

LEDs beside the ETH port

Green Yellow

ON OFF Blinking OFF

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BBU Module --- WMPT Board


Two DIP Switches : SW1 for setting the E1/T1 working mode SW2 for setting the protection ground for the E1.
Settings of SW1 Bit 1 2 3 4 T1 Mode ON ON OFF OFF 120-ohm E1 Balanced Mode OFF OFF ON ON 75-ohm E1 Unbalanced Mode ON ON ON ON

Settings of SW2 Bit 120-ohm E1 Balanced Mode OFF OFF OFF OFF 75-ohm E1 Unbalance d Mode ON ON ON ON Description The RRING is for connected to the protection ground

1 2 3 4

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BBU Module --- WBBPa Board


CPRI 0~2 (1.25G-2.5G): SFP LEDs

Board number mandatory board, maximum is 6 Main Functions Providing the CPRI interface for communication between the BBU and the WRRU or WRFU Processing uplink and downlink baseband signals and support HSUPA and HSDPA function Supporting 1+1 backup of the CPRI interface According to the board chip processing capability, WBBP module include seven specifications. Current WBBP is the A version, called WBBPa.

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BBU Module --- WBBPa Board


LED of running status of board :
Label RUN Color Green Status ON OFF 1s ON, 1s OFF 0.125s ON/OFF ACT Green ON OFF ALM Red OFF Description The board has power input, yet the board is faulty. The board has no power input or is faulty. The board is running properly. Software is being loaded to the board. The board is running properly. The board is not in use. The board is running properly.

ON
OFF CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI2 Red Green ON Blinking at 2 Hz Blinking at 0.5 Hz

The board has alarms on hardware and it should be replaced with a new one.
normal The CPRI links over the optical cable are faulty. The RRU on the CPRI link is faulty in hardware. The RRU on the CPRI link is faulty in the antenna system connection.

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BBU Module --- WBBP Board


There are 2 kinds of Baseband card, WBBPa and WBBPb. The WBBPa support HSDPA (2 ms TTI) and support for HSUPA phase I (10 ms TTI).

The WBBPb support HSDPA (2 ms TTI), and support for HSUPA phase II (2 ms TTI).

Board

Uplink R99

Downlink

Type
WBBPa WBBPb1

Cell
3 cells 3 cells

/HSUPA CE
128 64

R99 CE
256 64

HSDPA Capacity
45 HS-PDSCH codes 45 HS-PDSCH codes

HSUPA
Phase 1 Phase 1

WBBPb2
WBBPb3 WBBPb4

3 cells
6 cells 6 cells

128
256 384

128
256 384

45 HS-PDSCH codes
90 HS-PDSCH codes 90 HS-PDSCH codes

Phase 2
Phase 2 Phase 2

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BBU Module --- UBFA Board

Board number mandatory board, maximum is 1 Main Functions Controlling the fan speed Reporting the fan status to the WMPT Detecting the temperature of the fan board

Label

Color

Status

Description

STATE

Green

0.125s ON,
0.125s OFF 1s ON, 1s OFF

The module is not registered, and no


alarm is reported. The board is running properly. The module is reporting alarms.

Red

ON

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BBU Module --- UPEU Board


Panel of the UPEA

Panel of the UPEB

-48V to +12V

+24V to +12V

Board number mandatory, maximum is 2, 1+1 backup Main Functions Converting -48 V or +24 V DC power input to +12 V DC power that is supported by boards Reporting alarms related to input and output under voltage Providing transmission ports for RS485 signals and 8 dry contact alarm signals

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BBU Module --- UPEU Board


LED: The UPEU has one LED, indicating the running status of the board.

Label RUN

Color Green

Status ON OFF

Description The board is running properly. The board has no power input, or the board is faulty.

Socket and Port: The UPEU has one socket and four ports.

Label PWR

Quantity 1

Connector Type 3V3

Function DC power input

EXT-ALM1
EXT-ALM0 MON1 MON0

1
1 1 1

RJ45
RJ45 RJ45 RJ45

Transmitting dry contact alarm signals


Transmitting RS485 environment monitoring signals

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BBU Module --- UTRP Board


The UTRP provides ports for eight E1s/T1s and implements transport such as IP and

ATM between the BBU3900 and the RNC.


4 E1:DB26

Label RUN

Color Green

Status ON

Description The board has power input, yet the board is faulty.

OFF
1s ON, 1s OFF 0.125s ON, 0.125s OFF

The board has no power input or is faulty.


The board is running properly. Software is being loaded to the board.

2s ON, 2s OFF
ACT Green ON OFF ALM Red OFF ON Page 30

The board is under test.


The board is in active mode. The board is in standby mode. The board is running properly. The board is reporting alarms and is faulty.

BBU Module --- UTRP Board Type WCDMA UTRP extend transmission board
UTRP board should add sub board to provide the different interface type. WD22UTRP is the main board name. The UTRP has three sub-boards in current version UAEU: Eight ATM over E1s/T1s UIEU: Eight IP over E1s/T1s UUAS: One unchannelized ATM over SDH/SONET(STM-1/OC-3) interface The board in gray table is not be delivered currently.

Board
UTRP2 UTRP3

Port
Two universal FE/GE optical port Ports for eight channels of ATM over E1/T1

UTRP4
UTRP6 UTRP9

Ports for eight channels of IP over E1/T1


Port for one unchannelized STM-1/OC-3 Four universal FE/GE electrical ports

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BBU Module --- UEIU Board


Board number: maximum is 1 The UEIU Functions

Connecting to an external monitoring device and transmitting RS485

signals to the WMPT


Connecting to an external alarm device and transmitting dry contact alarm signals to the WMPT
Port : The UEIU has four ports.

Label MON0 MON1 EXT-ALM0 EXT-ALM1

Connector Type RJ45 RJ45 RJ45 RJ45

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BBU Module --- SLPU Board


UFLP The auxiliary devices of the BBU3900. The devices are the SLPU, UELP, and UFLP SLPU: The signal lightning protection unit is an optional module of the BTS3900 UELP

cabinet (-48 V) or the power


distribution cabinet. The UFLP and the UELP are optional units that are installed in the SLPU.

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BBU Module --- UELP Board


UELP: The universal E1/T1 lightning protection (UELP) unit is a universal E1/T1 The UELP can be optionally installed in the SLPU or the BBU. Each UELP supports the surge protection of 4-way E1/T1 signals. DB25 DB26

E1 Connection:
E1 E1

Indoor DDF

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BBU Module --- UELP Board


DIP Switch: The UELP has one DIP switch, which is used to select whether the receive terminal is grounded. The DIP switch has four bits.

DIP Switch S1

DIP Status 1 ON OFF 2 ON OFF 3 ON OFF 4 ON OFF

Description Used for the 75 unbalanced mode Used for other modes except the 75 unbalanced mode

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BBU Module --- UFLP Board


UFLP: The universal FE lightning protection (UFLP) board is optionally installed in the SLPU or BBU. Each UFLP supports 2-way FE surge protection.

IP Cable Connection.
Transmission Equipment LAN switch or Router

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Chapter 2 BTS3900 Hardware Structure Section 1 BTS3900 Introduction

Section 2 BBU Modules Structure


Section 3 RF Modules Structure Section 4 Power Modules Structure Section 5 BTS3900 Cables

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RF Module --- WRFU Board

The WRFU consists of the high-speed interface unit, signal processing unit, power amplifier, and duplex unit

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RF Module --- WRFU Board


Type Port for transceiving RF signals Label ANT-RXB ANT-TX/RXA Connector Type DID connector DID connector Description Connecting the antenna subsystem

CPRI

CPRI0

SFP female connector


SFP female connector

Connecting the BBU, or the upper-level WRFU during the cascading


Connecting the lowerlevel WRFU during the cascading

CPRI1

Interconnection port for RF receive signals

RX-INB

QMA female connector


QMA female connector 3V3 power connector RJ45 connector

Input port of diversity signals in the antenna channel


Output port of diversity signals in the antenna channel Introducing power Used for commissioning

RX-OUTA

Power port Commissioning port

PWR MON

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RF Module --- WRFU Board


Identifier
RUN

Status
On

Meaning
The power input is normal, but the module is faulty.

Off
On for 1 second and off for 1 second On for 0.125 second and off for 0.125 second

There is no power input, or the module is faulty.


The module is functional. The module is loading software or is not started.

ALM

On
Off

The module is in the alarm status.


No alarm is generated. The module is functional and is connected to the BBU. The module is not connected to the BBU.

ACT

On Off

On for 1 second and off for 1 second


VSWR Off (red) On (red) CPRI0 CPRI1 On (green) On (red) Red LED on for 1 second and off for 1 second Page 40

The module is in the local test status.


No VSWR alarm is generated. A VSWR alarm is generated. The CPRI link is normal. The interface module fails to receive signals. The CPRI link is out of lock.

RF Module --- WRFU Board


RF specifications: One WRFU supports four carriers Each carriers maximum output power of WRFU is 80W

The receive sensitivity of single antenna is better than -125.8dBm


The receive sensitivity of two antennas is better than -128.6dBm The maximum searching ability is 200km The maximum access search radius is configurable with the step size of 300 m

Configuration Type (No Transmit Diversity) 3*1 3*2 3*3 3*4

Transmit Diversity Power (W)/Carrier 20 20 20 20

Typical Power Consumption (W) 520 610 810 1020

Maximum Power Consumption (W) 630 830 1070 1330

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Chapter 2 BTS3900 Hardware Structure Section 1 BTS3900 Introduction

Section 2 BBU Modules Structure


Section 3 RF Modules Structure Section 4 Power Modules Structure Section 5 BTS3900 Cables

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Power Distribution Modes of the BTS3900 - 48 V DC Distribution

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Power Distribution Modes of the BTS3900


+24 V DC Distribution

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Power Distribution Modes of the BTS3900


220 V AC Distribution

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- 48V Cabinet Power Module --- DCDU01 Board


Function The DCDU-01 supports one -48 V DC power input and ten -48 V DC power outputs The DCDU-01 supplies power to the BBU, WRFU, FAN, and user devices inside cabinets The DCDU-01 has the built-in surge protector, which supports the surge protection capability of the differential mode of 10 kA and the common mode of 15 kA

- 48V DC Single Cabinet


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- 48V Cabinet Power Module --DCDU-01 Board


Name Power input wiring terminal Label NEG(-) RTN(+) Description -48 V NEG input wiring terminal -48 V RTN input wiring terminal

Power output port

SPARE2, SPARE1,
BBU, FAN, and RFU5RFU0

RFU0 to RFU5 supplying power to six WRFUs


BBU supplying power to the BBU FAN supplying power to the FAN SPARE1 and SPARE2 reserved

Power switch

SPARE2, SPARE1, BBU, FAN, and RFU5RFU0

RFU0 to RFU5 controlling the ON/OFF of the current of six WRFUs BBU controlling the ON/OFF of the current of the BBU

FAN controlling the ON/OFF of the current of the FAN


SPARE1 and SPARE2 controlling the ON/OF of the current on the SPARE1 and SPARE2 power output ports Alarm output port
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SPD ALM

DUDU-01 dry contact alarm output port

Function

+24V Power Subrack --- PSU (DC/DC) Board

Converting +24 V DC power to -48 V DC power and leading the -48 V DC power to the DCDU Monitoring alarms related to module faults ,alarms related to module protection and power out-of-position alarm

(1) Power running LED (2) Protection LED (3) Fault LED

+ 24V DC Single Cabinet


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Function

220V AC Power Subrack --PSU(AC/DC) Board

The power subrack consists of the PMU, PSU (AC/DC) and the wiring unit of the power subrack (220 V).

The power subrack (AC/DC) converts the 220 V AC power to the -48 V DC power.

(1) Power running LED (2) Protection LED (3) Fault LED

220V AC Single Cabinet


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220V AC Power Subrack --- PSU(AC/DC) Board


LED Color Status Meaning

Power running LED

Green

On
Off

Normal
There are faults (such as no AC input, or overvoltage and undervoltage of AC input) on the mains, or the PSU has no output. Normal Temperature pre-alarm or fan pre-alarm

Protection LED

Yellow

Off On

Fault LED

Red

Off

Normal, or the PSU has no output because of faults (such as no AC input, or overvoltage and undervoltage of AC input) on the mains.
There is no output because of output overvoltage shutdown, fan fault, overtemperature shutdown, remote shutdown, or internal problems of the PSU.

On

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220V AC Power Subrack --- PMU Board


The power and environment monitoring unit (PMU) is the unit for monitoring the power and the environment. The PMU provides perfect power system management, power distribution detection, and alarm report functions.

(1) LEDs (3) RS232/RS422 port (5) COM port


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(2) Power supply test ports (4) Battery control switches (1) Backplane port (2) DIP switch

220V AC Power Subrack --PMU Board


Identifier RUN Color Green Status On for 1 second and off for 1 second On for 0.125 second and off for 0.125 second Meaning The module is functional, and the communication with the main control unit is normal. The module runs normally but the communication with the main control unit fails. If the PMU does not communicate with the main control unit for one minute, the communication fails. In this situation, the RUN LED blinks four times every second. On/Off ALM Red On The PMU is faulty (not in the power-on self-check state). The following alarms are reported: Mains overvoltage or undervoltage alarm Busbar overvoltage or undervoltage alarm Power module alarm Load shutdown alarm Off No alarm is generated.

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Port

220V AC Power Subrack --PMU Board


Purpose Communicating with the main control unit The battery control switch has two control ports ON and OFF, which are used for powering on and off the battery. Press and hold the port ON for 5s to 10s until the battery is powered on. Press and hold the port OFF for 5s to 10s until the battery is powered off. CAUTION: You need to insert a small round bar into the hole when you operate the battery control switch. When you hear a crack, the battery is powered on or off.

RS232/RS422 port Battery control switch

To operate the battery control switch on the front panel of the PMU, insert
a small round pole into the hole. Power supply test port Two power supply test holes -48 V and 0 V are available for measuring power voltages through an ordinary multimeter.

COM port
Backplane port

Connecting the external signal transfer board


Connecting the backplane

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220V AC Power Subrack --PMU Board


Bit 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
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Bit 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1

Bit 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1

Bit 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1

Monitoring Address 0000 0001 0010 0011 0100 0101 0110 0111 1000 1001 1010 1011 1100 1101 1110 1111

DIP Switch: The DIP switch is located on the rear panel of the PMU. The DIP switch has eight bits, which are set to OFF before delivery.

FAN Unit
The FAN unit refers to the fan box. The FAN unit provides the functions of ventilation and heat dissipation for cabinets. One FAN unit has four independent fans.

Type Power port Temperature sensor port

Label -48 V SENSOR

Connector Type 3V3 power connector RJ45 connector

Description Introducing the -48 V DC power Connecting the external temperature sensor Cascading the lowerlevel FAN module Connecting the main control unit

Communication port

COM OUT COM IN

RJ45 connector RJ45 connector

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Chapter 2 BTS3900 Hardware Structure Section 1 BTS3900 Introduction

Section 2 BBU Modules Structure


Section 3 RF Modules Structure Section 4 Power Modules Structure Section 5 BTS3900 Cables

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BBU3900 Cable Connection

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Cables --- PGND Cable


PGND Cable

OT terminal

Name PGND cable of the BTS3900 WCDMA cabinet PGND cable of the DCDU PGND cable for the SLPU Front door PGND cable

Color Green and yellow Green and yellow Green and yellow Green and yellow

Cross-Sectional Area The cross-sectional area of a wire is 25 mm2. The cross-sectional area of a wire is 6 mm2. The cross-sectional area of a wire is 6 mm2. The cross-sectional area of a wire is 6 mm2.

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Cables --- Power Cable


Power Cable Between the DCDU,BBU,FAN and WRFU

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Cables --- Transmission Cable

E1 Cable

FE Cable

E1 Surge Protection Transfer Cable

FE Surge Protection Transfer Cable

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Cables --- CPRI Cable


This describes the CPRI electrical cable. It helps to implement high speed communication between the BBU3900 and the WRFU. Appearance : The CPRI electrical cable is an SFP high speed transmission cable that has a SFP200 male connector at each end.

One End CPRI port on the WBBP

The Other End CPR10 port on the WRFU

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Chapter 1 NodeB Overview Chapter 2 BTS3900 Hardware Structure Chapter 3 BTS3900 Typical Configuration

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The BTS3900 supports omni-directional, 2-sector, 3-sector, and 6-sector configurations. It also supports smooth capacity expansion from 1x1 to 3x8.

Configuration Types of the BTS3900

This part illustrates the configuration type of the BTS3900 by taking the WBBPa supporting three cells and the WRFU supporting the 80W/4 carrier as an example.

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