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Published Abstracts and Abstracts from Journals and Proceedings

Jiban Shrestha
Nepal Agricultural Research Council National Maize Research Program Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

August, 2013

Journals (1-14) :
A) Peer Reviewed International Journal Articles (1-8):
Shrestha J (2013). Int J Appl Sci Biotechnol, Vol. 1(2): 74-78
DOI: 10.3126/ijasbt.v1i2.8202

International Journal of Applied Science and Biotechnology


ISSN:2091-2609

GENOTYPE BY ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION AND YIELD STABILITY ANALYSIS OF QUALITY PROTEIN MAIZE GENOTYPES IN TERAI REGION OF NEPAL
Jiban Shrestha
Nepal Agricultural Research Council, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal Corresponding author email: jibshrestha@yahoo.com

Abstract
Grain yield stability for the new maize genotypes is an important target in maize breeding programs. The main objective of this study was to identify stable high yielding quality protein maize (QPM) genotypes under various locations and years in terai region of Nepal. Six quality protein maize genotypes along with Poshilo Makai-1 (Standard Check) and Farmers Variety (Local Check) were tested at three different locations namely Ayodhyapuri-2, Devendrapur, Madi, Chitwan; Rajahar-8, Bartandi, Rajahar, Nawalparasi;Mangalpur-2, Rampur, Chitwan during 2011 and 2012 spring and winter seasons under rainfed condition. The experiment was conducted using Randomized Complete Block Design with two replications in farmers fields. There was considerable variation among genotypes and environments for grain yield. The analysis of variance showed that mean squares of environments (E) was highly significant and genotypes (G) and genotype x environment interaction (GEI) were non significant. The genotypes S03TLYQAB02 and RampurS03FQ02 respectively produced the higher mean grain yield 5422564 kg/ha and 5274603 kg/ha across the locations. Joint regression analysis showed that RampurS03FQ02 and S03TLYQ-AB02 with regression coefficient 1.10 and 1.22 respectively are the most stable genotypes over the tested environments. The coefficient of determination (R2) for genotypes Rampur S03FQ02 and S03TLYQ-AB02 were as high as 0.954, confirming their high predictability to stability. Further confirmation from GGE biplot analysis showed that maize genotype S03TLYQ-AB02 followed by Rampur S03FQ02 were more stable and adaptive genotypes across the tested environments. Thus these genotypes could be recommended to farmers for general cultivation.

Key words: Quality protein maize, GGE biplot, G x E interaction, yield stability

International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences. Vol., 1 (1), 8-15, 2010 Available online at http://www.ecisi.com ISSN 2251-838X 2010 ECISI Journals

EFFECTS OF MICRONUTRIETNS ON GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY OF MAIZE IN ACIDIC SOIL


BISHNU HARI ADHIKARY, JIBAN SHRESTHA AND BANDHU RAJ BARAL National Maize Research Program (NMRP), Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC), Rampur,Chitwan, Nepal
Corresponding author: E-mail: adhikary_bishnu@yahoo.com, jibshrestha@yahoo.com, Contact:

9845047962, 9808037472 Abstract: Micronutrients are trace elements which are needed by the maize crop in small amounts and play an active role in the plant metabolic functions in shortage of which show deficiency symptoms and crop yields are reduced, they are therefore to be added into the soil before crop planting or applied directly to the crop to increase maize productivity. In order to evaluate the effects of micronutrients (B, Zn, Mo, S and Mn) on the grain production of maize (var. Rampur Composite), series of field experiments were conducted during the winter season of three consecutive years (2007 to 2009) in the acidic soil condition (5.1 pH) at National maize Research Program (NMRP), Rampur. Plant growth and yield parameters were studied. Results of the experiments revealed that the treatments had significant effect on studied parameters. Three years yield data following combined analysis indicated a sharp response of treatments on grain production and was observed to be highly significant, however, the response on the maize grain production among the micronutrient treated plots was observed small (5.43-5.99 t/ha of grains) except with the crop that lacked sulphur nutrient (4.71 t/ha). The highest grain yield (5.99 t/ha) was recorded with the crop which was supplied with all micronutrients (B, Zn, S, Mn and Mo applied in combination with NPK fertilizers at 120:60 40 kg /ha which produced almost 171 % higher grain yield than those with control plot (2.21 t/ha) and 1.48 t/ha of additional grains over NPK treated crop. It is suggested to apply micronutrients along with recommended dose of fertilizers in the acidic soils of Chitwan. Key words: Combined analysis, correlation, grain yield, significant effect and Zea mays L.

International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences. Vol., 2 (12), 446-451, 2011 Available online at http://www.ecisi.com ISSN 2251-838X 2011 ECISI Journals

EFFECT OF SOWING DATES AND VARIETIES ON PRODUCTIVITY OF MAIZE IN TERAI REGION OF NEPAL
D. B. GURUNG, B. BHANDARI, J. SHRESTHA AND M. P. TRIPATHI National Maize Research Program, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal Corresponding Author: jibshrestha@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT: An experiment was conducted in two years (2009/10-2010/11) at Rampur, Chitwan Nepal to study effect of sowing date and varieties on yield of maize. Three varieties namely Rampur Composite, Arun-2 and Gaurav were sown at every week from April to March. The design was randomized complete block design with four replications (week as replication). The result showed that interaction effect of variety and sowing date on grain yield of maize was significant. Rampur Composite and Arun-2 produced highest yield in August and lowest yield in May and Gaurav yielded highest in September and lowest in November. The sowing date was -1 highly significant for grain yield. The highest production was 5.120 t ha in August followed by February (4.922 -1 -1 -1 ton ha ), September (4.626 ton ha ) and March (4.395 ton ha ) respectively. The lowest yield was of month -1 May (2.376 ton ha ).Therefore it was concluded that August planting was best for higher grain production.

Keywords: Grain yield and sowing dates and varieties

Wudpecker Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 2(7), pp. 209 - 211, July 2013 2013 Wudpecker Journals

Agro-morphological characterization of maize inbred lines


Jiban Shrestha
Nepal Agricultural Research Council, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal E-mail: jibshrestha@yahoo.com. Tel.: (977) 9808037472 Accepted 20 June 2013 Diversity observed among the tested inbred lines is important for maize breeding programs. In order to characterize maize inbred lines, an experiment on sixty inbred lines planted in four rows of five meter length plot size was conducted at Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal from September 2010 to February 2011. Descriptive statistics and cluster analysis of the data revealed a wide range of variability among these inbred lines. These inbred lines grouped in cluster five namely RML-55, RML-18, RL-25, RL-17 and RL170 had 2.6 days anthesis-silking interval. These inbred lines consisted of 163.27 cm plant height with 82.36 cm ear height, 9.90 tassel branch number, 37.63 cm tassel length, 52.6 days for tasseling and 55.2 days for silking parameters. These inbred lines may be utilized as good candidates for the development of hybrid and open pollinated varieties.

Key words: Inbred lines, morphology and cluster.

International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences. Vol., 2 (6), 233-238, 2011 Available online at http://www. irjabs.com2011

DETERMINATION OF HETEROSIS FOR GRAIN YIELD IN MAIZE HYBRIDS IN NEPAL


JIBAN SHRESTHA, DIL BAHADUR GURUNG AND TIRTHA RAJ RIJAL

National Maize Research Program (NMRP), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal *Corresponding author: E-mail: jibshrestha@yahoo.com, Contact: +9779808037472

Abstract: Determination of heterosis in maize hybrids is necessary for their commercial exploitation. Data derived from several experiments namely Coordinated Varietal Trial-Hybrid (CVTH), Diallel Crosses, Observation Nurseries (OBN), Top Crosses and Test Crosses conducted at Rampur (Chitwan) and Parwanipur (Bara) from 2004/05 to 2008/09 were complied to determine heterosis and identify high yielding hybrids. The maize hybrids namely RML-4/RML-7, RML-5/NML-1, NML-2/RML-6, RML-6/RML-7, RML-5/RL-47, RML-8/RL-47, RML-5/RML-8, NML-1/RML-17, RML-7/RML-18, RML-6/RML-18 and RML5/NML-1 produced high heterosis (greater than 40%) indicating these hybrids superior for commercial cultivation.
Key words: Heterosis, Hybrid and Grain yield.

International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences. Vol., 2 (6), 216-220, 2011 Available online at http://www. irjabs.com2011

EVALUATION OF QUALITY PROTEIN MAIZE GENOTYPES FOR PRODUCTIVITY IN HILL


REGION OF NEPAL
JIBAN SHRESTHA, TIRTHA RAJ RIJAL, DIL BAHADUR GURUNG KUNWAR
AND CHITRA

BAHADUR

National Maize Research Program (NMRP), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal *Corresponding author: E-mail: jibshrestha@yahoo.com, Phone: +9779808037472

Abstract: Nepalese people in hill are suffering from protein malnutrition as their major staple food is normal maize which is poor in essential amino acids contents. So development of quality protein maize (QPM) is one of the best options to address malnutrition problem. The experiments were conducted in randomized complete block designs with three replications during 2010 summer season at Dhankuta (Pakhribas), Kaski (Lumle) and Dailekh (Kimugaun) of Nepal to identify and develop high yielding quality protein maize varieties. Plant height, ear height, days to 50% tasseling and days to 50% silking were found significant for tested genotypes in all locations. At Dhankuta, the genotype S99TLYQ-HGAB were -1 -1 highest grain yielder (4210 kg ha ) followed by S00TLYQ-B (4120 kg ha ) and Rampur- S03FQ02 (4070 -1 -1 kg ha ). Similarly at Kaski the genotype S01SIYQ produced the highest grain yield (5590 kg ha ) and -1 -1 then S99TLYQ-HG-AB (5270 kg ha ) and Farmers variety (5510 kg ha ). The genotype OBATAMPA was -1 -1 first in grain yield production (6600 kg ha ) followed by S99TLYQ-B (5830 kg ha ) and S01SIYQ (5620 -1 kg ha ) at Dailekh. Thus above mentioned all QPM genotypes are identified best for achieving higher production in mid hills in respective locations. The genotypes S99TLYQ-HGAB produced the highest -1 -1 grain yield (4950 kg ha ) followed by Poshilo Makai-1 (4760 kg ha ) and Rampur S03FQ02 (4750 kg ha1 ) in a combined analysis over hill locations which indicating these genotypes were suitable genotypes to achieve higher production in all locations. Key words: Productivity, malnutrition and quality protein maize.

International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences. Vol., 1 (1), 16-24, 2010 Available online at http://www.ecisi.com ISSN 2251-838X 2010 ECISI Journals

EVALUATION OF MAIZE GENOTYPES FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE TOLERANCE IN TERAI REGION OF NEPAL D. B. GURUNG, J. SHRESTHA AND K.P. DHITAL National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

Corresponding author: E-mail: jibshrestha@yahoo.com, Phone: +977-9808037472

Abstract: High temperature reduces the pollen viability and silk receptivity of maize resulting in poor seed set and reduced yield. To identify and select the high temperature tolerant maize genotypes for terai region of Nepal, the field experiments were conducted at NMRP Rampur, RARS Parwanipur and RARS Nepalgunj during summer season of 2010. The fourty four genotypes were evaluated in randomized complete block design with three replications. Observations on days to tasseling and silking, plant height, ear height, ear length, ear diameter, stem borer, wilt and grain yield were taken. Analysis of ANOVA showed that the parameters on days to tasseling and silking, plant height and ear height, ear length, ear diameter was found significant for tested locations. Combined statistical analysis showed that all the genotypes were highly significant for days to 50% tasseling and silking, plant height, ear height, ear length, plant aspect, ear aspect and grain yield but non significant for ear diameter and stem borer. Data on wilt % was found also significant. Result on Anthesis-silking interval (ASI) was significant for genotypes and location but non significant for genotypes x location. The result indicated that Manakamana-4 produced the highest grain yield (5298.61 kg/ha), followed by Upahar (5227.92 kg/ha) and TLBRSO7F16 (5144.32 kg/ha) respectively. Key words: high temperature and grain yield.

B) Peer Reviewed National Journal Articles (1-7):


Nepalese Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2011, volume 9, pp. 5-12, ISSN 2091-042X

Agronomic Evaluation and Economic Analysis of Winter Maize under Different Plant Population and Nitrogen Rates in Chitwan, Nepal
J. Shrestha1 and K.P.Timsina2
1National 2Nepal

Maize Research Programme, Rampur, Chitwan Agricultural Research Council, Singh Darbar Plaza, Kathmandu jibshrestha@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
In order to find out the effect of different levels of nitrogen and plant population on maize growth and productivity, a field experiment was carried out at Anandapur, Mangalpur VDC-3, Chitwan during winter season of 2006/07. Five levels of nitrogen: 0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 kg N/ha and three levels of plant plant population: 55,555, 66,666 and 83,333 plants/ha were used in the experiment. Agronomic characters like plant height, stem diameter and leaf area index increased with higher levels of nitrogen but decreased with lower levels of plant population at all observations. The number of cobs/plant, cob length, cob diameter, number of grain rows/cob, number of grains/grain row and number of grains/cob, thousand grain weight were increased under higher levels of nitrogen but decreased under higher levels of plant population. Significantly higher grain yield (6514.48 kg/ha), net return (Rs. 42188.74 /ha) and benefit: cost ratio (1.67) were obtained under 200 kg N/ha and 66,666 plants/ha. Similarly the population level of 66,666 plants/ha gave significantly highest grain yield (5113.46 kg/ha), net return (Rs. 25812.28/ha and benefit: cost ratio (1.44). Key words: Zea mays L., Nitrogen, Plant population, Growth, Yield

Journal of Plant Breeding, 2012, volume 7, pp. 14-21


Research article

Economics of fertilizer use in different maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes in Chitwan valley, Nepal
B. H. Adhikary, B. R. Baral, J. Shrestha and C. B. Kunwar National Maize Research Program (NMRP), NARC, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal Abstract Evidences show that maize yields are increased through the use of adequate mineral nutrient and organic fertilization. The development of agronomic practices in terms of maize genotypes with optimum plant nutrients are essential for enhancing maize productivity. In order to identify suitable rates of fertilizers (nitrogen and farm yard manures) to different maize genotypes, field experiments were conducted at Rampur, Chitwan in acidic soil (pH 5.4) during winter season of 2009/10 and 2010/11. Five levels of fertilization; (Control, FYM 10 t/ha, 60:30:20 NPK plus FYM 10 t/ha, 120:60:40 N, P2O5 and K2O plus FYM 10 t/ha, 180:90:60 N, P2O5 K2O kg/ha plus FYM 10 t/ha and 120:60:40 N, P2O5 and K2O kg/ha) with four varieties (Rampur Composite, Manakamana-4, Across 9942 x Across 9944 and S99TLYQ-B) were used in the experiment. Plant height, ear height, cob length, no of kernel rows per cob, no of kernel per kernel rows and test weight significantly increased with increasing levels of fertilizers in Rampur Composite, Manakamana-4, Across 9942 x Across 9944. These parameters were significantly increased in S99TLYQ-B with fertilization levels of, 120:60:40 N, P2O5 and K2O plus FYM 10 t/ha. The variety namely Manakamana-4, Rampur Composite and Across 9942 x Across 9944 produced highest grain yield with N, P2O5 and K2O at 180:90:60 N, P2O5 K2O kg/ha plus FYM 10 t/ha. The highest increment of 3.32 t/ha was recorded in the Across 9942 x Across 9944 variety with a VCR of 0.5 when the crop was supplied with However the highest VCR was observed (3.71) when the crop was supplied with 120:60:40 N, P 2O5 and K2O kg/ha in Rampur Composite. Grain yield results and economic of the fertilizer in maize varieties is discussed in detail in this paper. Key words: Farm yard manure, grain yield and maize genotypes

Journal of Plant Breeding, 2012, volume 7, pp. 48-54


Research article

Relative susceptibility of maize genotypes to Maize Stem Borer (Chilo partellus Swinhoe) under Natural Condition
P. Thakur, G. S. Bhandari and J. Shrestha National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

Abstract Maize stem borer (Chilo partellus Swinhoe) is one of the most important biotic (insect) stresses reducing maize productivity in Nepal. Host plant resistance offers an economic, stable and ecologically sound approach to reducing damage by Chilo partellus. Keeping this view in mind, 32-36 elite maize genotypes including OPV, QPM, Hybrids and local check were evaluated in RCB design with three replications at NMRP, Rampur during two consecutive years 2009 and 2010 winter season to find out the resistance source of maize to maize stem borer. Observations on foliar damage score (1-9 scale) and tunnel length (cm) inside the stalk was followed by the systems ascribed by CYMMIT, Mexico. The infestation level of the pests was comparatively more in 2009 than 2010. The results indicated that none of the germplasm was highly resistance at whorl stage during both the years. Among the tested genotypes Rampur Composite/ RML-4 and RML-4/NML-2 from hybrids, SOOTLYQ-B from QPMs and Narayani and Pop44/Pool-15 from OPVs were scored significantly resistant reaction to stem borer infestation during 2009 but during 2010, more or less all varieties tested were at par and scored resistant reaction. However Pop44/Pool-15, Narayani, RampurS03F04, RPOP-1, Upahar, COTAXLA0024 and Across 9942 x Across 9944 from OPV and SO3TLYQ-AB-2, SOOTLYQ-AB from QPM were observed less infestation as compared to other tested genotypes. Key words: Chilo partellus Swinhoe (maize stem borer), resistance screening, maize (Zea mays)

Journal of Plant Breeding, 2011, volume 6, pp. 42-47


Research note

Evaluation of maize (Zea mays L.) growth and productivity under different pant geometry and nitrogen rates in Chitwan, Nepal J. Shrestha National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

Abstract A field experiment was conducted at Anandapur, Mangalpur VDC-3, Chitwan during winter season of 2006/07 to find out the effect of different levels of nitrogen and plant population on the growth and productivity of maize. The treatments were five levels of nitrogen; 0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 kg N/ha and three levels of plant population; 55,555 plants/ha, 66,666 plants/ha and 83,333 plants/ha. Plant height, stem diameter and leaf area index increased with increasing levels of nitrogen but decreased with increasing levels of plant population at all observations. Higher levels of nitrogen increased the number of cobs/plant, cob length, cob diameter, number of grain rows/cob, number of grains/grain row and number of grains/cob, thousand-grain weight but these parameters decreased under increasing levels of plant population. Significantly highest grain yield (6925.79 kg/ha) was obtained under 200 kg N/ha + 66,666 plants/ha. The net return (Rs. 48606.98/ha) and benefit: cost ratio (1.78) obtained under 200 kg N/ha + 66,666 plants/ha were significantly higher than that of other treatments. Key words: Zea mays L., nitrogen, plant population, growth, yield

Journal of Plant Breeding, 2011, volume 6, pp. 36-41


Research article

Efficacy of Azotobactor in maize production in acid soils


B. H. Adhikary, J. Shrestha and B. R. Baral National Maize Research Program (NMRP), NARC, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

Abstract Azotobactor, artificially prepared inoculums (biofertilizer) could help increase maize productivity when applied in combination with compost and NPK fertilizers. In order to evaluate the effect of Azotobactor in maize (Zea mays L.) growth and grain production, experiments were carried out in the acidic soils (5.3 pH) of National Maize Research Program (NMRP), NARC, Rampur, Chitwan during the year 2008 and 2009. Rampur composite variety was planted with a spacing of 75 cm x 25 cm at a plot size of 12 m2. Results revealed that maize growth (plant height, ear height, ear length and stover yield) were observed to be significantly affected by the use of Azotobactor applied alone or in combination with compost and NPK fertilizers. Highest stover yield (11.04 t/ha) was recorded when the soil was inoculated with Azotobactor with 10 t/ha of compost and NPK fertilizer at 120:60:40 kg/ha followed by the similar level of NPK fertilizer and Azotobactor without compost application (10.63 t/ha) however non significant difference was observed in stover production among them and with crops fertilized with NPK fertilizers alone (LSD0.05=2.18 t/ha). Non significant effect of treatments was observed on the production of kernel rows and kernel production in the ear rows. On the other hand, the effect of treatments on 1000 grain weight was observed to be significant. Highest 1000 grain weight (493.0 g) was recorded with the crop inoculated with the Azotobactor (soil application) applied along with compost and NPK fertilizers. Application of NPK fertilizers alone produced only 437.6 g of grains. Similar trend was observed in grain production also. Highest grain yield (6.62 t/ha) was recorded when Azotobactor (Soil application) along with 10 t/ha of compost and 120:60:40 kg N, P2O5 and K2O/ha was applied followed by the similar dose of NPK and Azotobactor but without compost (6.38 t/ha). Fertilization with NPK alone produced only 6.30 t/ha of grains. Lowest grain yield was recorded in control plot (2.91 t/ha). Correlation between 1000 grain weight and grain yield was observed to be positively correlated (r=0.856). Results of this experiment revealed that inoculation with Azotobactor in maize production was found significantly non beneficial when applied along with NPK fertilizers. It is suggested to apply Azotobactor (soil application or seed inoculation) for increased maize productivity in areas where recommended dose of fertilizers (120:60:40 kg NPK/ha) could not be supplied because of their unavailability of higher price. Key words: Azotobactor, compost, maize grain yield and NPK fertilizers.

Journal of Plant Breeding, 2012, volume 7, pp. 55-59


Research note

Development of High Yielding Quality Protein Maize Genotypes


J. Shrestha, T. R. Rijal, D. B. Gurung and C. B. Kunwar National Maize Research Program (NMRP), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

Abstract Development of quality protein maize (QPM) is one of the best solutions to address protein malnutrition problem in Nepal especially in mid hills. This study was conducted in randomized complete block design with three replications during 2009 to 2010 summer season at two locations namely Dhankuta (Pakhribas) and Kaski (Lumle) to identify and develop high yielding quality protein maize genotypes in Nepal. Eight QPM genotypes in 2009 and eleven genotypes in 2010 were tested. Plant height, ear height, 50% tasseling days and 50% silking days were found highly significant for tested genotypes in 2010 at tested locations but these parameters were not significant at Dhankuta in 2009 where as in 2009 at kaski plant height and ear height were non significant , 50% silking days and days to 50% tasseling were non -1 significant. At Dhankuta, in 2009 summer S00TLYQ-B produced the highest grain yield (5992 kg ha ), -1 -1 followed by S99TLWQ-HG-A (5670 kg ha ) and RampurSO3FQ02 (5253 kg ha ). In 2010 summer -1 -1 S99TLYQ-HG-AB was highest grain yielder (4210 kg ha ) followed by S00TLYQ-B (4120 kg ha ) and -1 RampurSO3FQ02 (4070 kg ha ). Similarly at Kaski in 2009 summer Farmers variety produced the -1 -1 highest grain yield (5021 kg ha ) followed by S00TLYQ-B (3626 kg ha ) and S99TLWQ-HG-A (3624 kg -1 -1 ha ). In 2010 summer S01SIYQ produced the highest grain yield (5590 kg ha ) and then S99TLYQ-HG-1 -1 AB (5270 kg ha ) and Farmers variety (5510 kg ha ). Thus it could be concluded that S00TLYQ-B, S99TLWQ-HG-A, RampurS03FQ02, S01SIYQ, S99TLYQ-HG-AB and Farmers Variety were identified best genotypes for achieving higher production in mid hills of Nepal Key words: Grain yield, hill and quality protein maize

Journal of Plant Breeding, 2012, volume 7, pp. 60-64


Research note

Productivity of Maize under Drought Condition


J. Shrestha , T. R. Rijal and D. B. Gurung National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal 2 Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Singh Darbar Plaza, Kathmandu
1 1 1 2

Abstract Drought is one of the major abiotic factors reducing maize production in Nepal specially in mid hill region. To identify the drought tolerant high yielding maize genotypes, one hundred four genotypes were evaluated at mid hill districts (Doti, Surkhet and Dailekh) in 2011 summer. All the genotypes were tested in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The grain yield was highly significant for genotypes, location but non significant for G x L interaction. The genotypes namely Manakamana-4, Upahar and TLBRSO7F16 produced high yield under drought condition Key words: drought, summer season and grain yield

Proceedings (1-3) :
Proceedings of the 10th National Outreach Workshop, 27-28 February 2012 (15-16 Falgun 2068), RARS, Lumle, Kaski. Pp.41-46

Increasing maize productivity through participatory varietal selection


J Shrestha, DC Paudel, BH Adhikary, GB Hamal, A Aryal, TR Rijal and CB Kunwar National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan Abstract In order to examine the superiority of maize varieties (full season, early and quality protein maize genotypes against farmers varieties), experiments were conducted in farmers fields at Shukranagar, Rajahar and Manahari from 2009 to 2010 in winter season. The experiments consisted of coordinated farmer field trials (CFFT), Regional Farmers Field Trials, Participatory Varietal Selection and Farmers Acceptance Test. Maize genotype Arun-4 produced highest grain yield at Shukranagar (3352 kg/ha) in 2009/10 and Shukranagar (6050 kg/ha), Rajahar (3413 kg/ha) and Manahari (5291 kg/ha) in 2010 under CFFT early set. Similarly Upahar gave highest yield of 3313 kg/ha (Shukranagar) in 2009 and 3779 (Shukranagar), 3006 (Rajahar) and 4607 kg/ha (Manahari) in 2010. QPM genotype S03TLYQAB01 produced highest grain yield of 5984 kg/ha (Shukranagar) in 2009 and Shukranagar (6880 kg/ha) and Manahari (5436 kg/ha) in 2010.

Proceedings of the 10th National Outreach Workshop, 27-28 February 2012 (15-16 Falgun 2068), RARS, Lumle, Kaski.pp.47-53

Participatory evaluation of rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes in command districts of NMRP, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
J Shrestha, DC Paudel, GB Hamal, AP Aryal, TR Rijal, BH Adhikary,IP Upadhyay and MP Tripathi National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan Abstract New rice genotypes were evaluated in outreach villages of command districts (Shukranagar of Chitwan, Rajahar of Nawalparasi and Manahari of Makawanpur) of National Maize Research Program (NMRP), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal to verify the promising rice genotypes in the farmers field in the summer season of 2009 and 2010. All the experiments in the outreach (OR) sites were designed by the researcher and managed by participating farmers; however, the multidisciplinary team provided feedback to the farmers by seasonal observation, joint monitoring and data recording. RP-2439 was observed as promising among the tested entries in Coordinated Farmers Field Trials Rainfed Lowland Early (CFFTRLE) in both the years. IR 72997 was among the high grain yielding genotypes of rice in both testing years but 9939 produced the highest grain on Coordinated Farmers Field Trial-Normal in 2009. BR 4684 was found promising among the tested genotypes and 2.9-9.72% yield advantages over farmers variety in Regional Farmers Field Trials-Normal (RFFT-N) and Farmers Acceptance Trial (FAT) in both testing years.

Proceedings of the 10th National Outreach Workshop, 27-28 February 2012 (15-16 Falgun 2068), RARS, Lumle, Kaski.pp.54-61

On-farm evaluation of wheat genotypes at outreach sites of NMRP Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
DC Paudel, J Shrestha, GB Hamal, A Aryal, BH Adhikary, TR Rijal and MP Tripathi National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan Abstract Participatory approach is a powerful tool to increase adoption rate of improved crop varieties. In order to identify farmers preferred wheat varieties, the participatory trials (Coordinated Farmers Field Trials, Regional Farmers Field Trials, Participatory Varietal Selection and Farmer s Acceptance Test) were conducted outreach sites of National Maize Research Program i.e. at Sukranagar, Rajahar and Manahari from 2009 to 2010 in winter season. The wheat genotype NL-927(2254 kg/ha), NL-1073(2992 kg/ha) and BL-3128(3006 kg/ha) produced highest grain yield at Shukranagar, Rajahar and Manahari at RFFT in 2009. Similarly Bijaya gave highest grain yield at Shukranagar (2695 kg/ha) and Manahari (5833 kg/ha) and BL-3623 at Rajahar (2990 kg/ha) under RFFT in 2009. The genotype BL-3623 at Shukranagar (2836 kg/ha) and manahari (3445 kg/ha) and NL1053 at Rajahar (2558 kg/ha) under CFFT in 2009. Wheat genotype Bl-3128 gave highest yield at Shukranagar (2134 kg/ha) and at Rajahar (2350 kg/ha) under FAT in 2009. Similarly BL-3623 produced highest grain yield at Shukranagar (3460 kg/ha), Rajahar (2090 kg/ha) and Manahari (2550 kg/ha) under FAT 2010.

Abstracts (1-12) :
27 National Summer Crops Workshop, Program and Abstracts, 18-20 April, 2013, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.pp.23
th th

Identifying High Yielding Quality Protein Maize Genotypes for Hill Districts of Nepal

J Shrestha, T R Rijal, K B Koirala and C B Kunwar NMRP, Rampur


Quality protein maize varieties are necessary for reducing malnutrition and food security problem in hills of Nepal. To identify high yielding QPM varieties, various coordinated varietal trials were conducted in Khumaltar and Kabre from 2011 to 2012 summer season and coordinated farmers field trials in Lumle, Dailekh and Kabre in 2011 summer season. The genotypic superiority for grain yield was determined using ANOVA analysis at 5% level of significance. Overall the findings of the trials showed the genotype namely Obatanpa, S99TLYQ-HG-AB, S01SIYQ, and S00TLYQ-B produced the highest grain yield in coordinated varietal trials and genotypes S99TLYQ-B, S01SIWQ-3 and S99TLYQ-A produced the highest grain yield in coordinated farmers field trials at testing sites. So these genotypes were found promising QPM genotypes for hills of Nepal.

27th National Summer Crops Workshop, Program and Abstracts, 18-20th April, 2013, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.pp.23

Identifying High Yielding Maize Genotypes for Karnali Region of Nepal

K. B. Koirala, D. B. Gurung, T.R. Rijal and J. Shrestha NMRP, Rampur


With the objective of identifying high yielding maize genotypes for karnali region, twenty six maize genotypes, collected from karnali region, were tested in spring season at station and farmers fields of ARS Jumla and winter season of 2012 at station field of NMRP, Rampur, Chitwan. The genotypes namely KKT-POP, KKT-03, KKT-14, MGU-08, Karnali Pool White and Karnali Pool Yellow produced the highest grain yields in Jumla district and Rampur, Chitwan conditions. The genotype Ganesh-1 was found best in Jumla district in term of grain yield.

27 National Summer Crops Workshop, Program and Abstracts, 18-20 April, 2013, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.pp.34

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Evaluation of maize under high temperature condition

D. B. Gurung1, J. Shrestha2 and K.P. Dhital2


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NARC, Kathmandu and 2NMRP, Rampur

High temperature reduces grain yield in maize. To identify high grain yielding maize genotypes under high temperature condition, field experiments were conducted at Parwanipur (Bara), Nepalgunj (Banke) and Rampur (Chitwan) during summer season of 2010. The forty four genotypes were evaluated in randomized complete block design with three replications. Observations on 50% tasseling days, 50% silking days, anthesis silking interval (ASI), plant height, ear height, ear length, ear diameter and grain yield were taken. Analysis of ANOVA showed that all taken parameters found significant for tested -1 locations. At Parwanipur, the highest grain yield was produced by RampurSO3FQ-02 (1277 kg ha ) -1 -1 followed by OEHPW (1223 kg ha ) and Upahar (1210 kg ha ). At Nepalgunj, Khumal Yellow produced -1 -1 the highest grain yield (3675 kg ha ) followed by RML-8/Rampur Composite (3519 kg ha ) and -1 TLBRSO7F16 (3348 kg ha ). Similarly at Rampur, Khumal Yellow was superior in grain yield (3675 kg -1 -1 -1 ha ) followed by RML-8/Rampur Composite (3519 kg ha ) and TLBRSO7F16 (3348 kg ha ). Pooled analysis over locations showed that TLBRSO7F16 produced the highest grain yield with shorter ASI -1 -1 -1 (2809 kg ha , 3.3 days) followed by RPOP-4 (2417 kg ha , 1.8 days), TLBRSO7F14 (2316 kg ha , 3 -1 -1 days), BLSBSO7F10 (2159 kg ha , 2.2 days), Manakamana-3 (2108 kg ha , 2 days) and Upahar (2108 -1 kg ha , 3.5 days). Therefore it was concluded that TLBRSO7F16, RPOP-4, TLBRSO7F14, BLSBSO7F10, Manakamana-3 and Upahar were best genotypes under high temperature conditions at terai region of Nepal.

27 National Summer Crops Workshop, Program and Abstracts, 18-20 April, 2013, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.pp.52

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Enhancing Maize (Zea mays L.) Productivity through Soil Acidity Management Practices in Chitwan Valley

B H Adhikary , B R Baral , J Shrestha , C B Kunwar and R Adhikary


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CPDD, Khumaltar, NMRP, Rampur and IAAS, Lamjung

Acidification of soil is one of the major factors contributing soil fertility decline in most of the arable land in the hills and terai of Nepal. It does not only limit the nutrient availability but also limit the maize (Zea mays L.) plant growth resulting low or reduced crop yields if not ameliorated. Soil acidity correction measures needed to be employed for increased maize productivity in the problem soils. To evaluate the effects of different practices employed in soil acidity corrections, experiments were conducted during the years 2010 and 2011 in NMRP farmland, Rampur on the maize (Across 9944 x Across 9942) by using eight different treatments (control, agricultural lime, compost, urea-N, ammonium sulphate-N, poultry manure, ex-situ green manuring and oil cakes). The plot size was 12 sq. m (4m x 3m). The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Soil samples were collected before the crop planting and after the crop harvest for soil pH and nutrient analysis. Growth and yield parameters were recorded and analyzed statistically. The results revealed that highly significant effect of treatments on crop yields were observed in both years. Two years mean grain yield result indicated a sharp response of treatments on the grain yield production of maize over non treated crop. The highest -1 -1 grain yield (5.2 t ha ) was produced when the crop was supplied with 1 t ha of oil cakes followed by -1 -1 poultry manures at 10 t ha which produced the mean grain yield of 4.49 t ha . Lowest grain yield (1.8 t -1 ha ) was produced by non-treated crop (control plot). Application of agriculture lime, compost, oilcakes and green manuring help decrease the soil acidity to some extent. It can be concluded that farmers are suggested to apply organic sources of fertilization along with agriculture lime for increased maize productivity. This paper highlights and discuss the results of the soil acidity experiment in detail

27 National Summer Crops Workshop, Program and Abstracts, 18-20 April, 2013, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.pp.23

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Full Season Maize Varieties Research and Development for Food Security and Better Livelihood of Nepalese Hill Farmers
T R Rijal, J Shrestha, K B Koirala, R B Katuwal, S Thapa, N B Dhami, A Pokhrel, J Dhakal, A Poudel

NMRP, Rampur
Maize is the second important cereal crop in Nepal and staple crop for hill people. Mostly local and contaminated improved varieties are grown in ran fed condition with low yield potential. With the objective of identifying and developing suitable stable stress resistant/tolerant high yielding farmers preferred open pollinated maize varieties, different genotypes were improved and evaluated in Intermediate Yield Trial (IYT), Coordinated Varietal Trial (CVT) and Coordinated Fa rmers Field Trial (CFFT) in RCB design across hill environments (Pakhribas, Kabre, Khumaltar, Dailekh & Lumle) of Nepal during 2010, 2011 and 2012 summer containing 12, 9 and 6 genotypes respectively. During 2010 summer the genotypes TLBRS07F16, Resunga Composite and Celaya 00HGYA*HGYB produced significantly highest grain yield in IYT across the locations. In CVT the superior stable genotypes across the locations (Kabre, Lumle, Pakhribas, Salyan and Dailekh) were OEHPW , RamSO4FO8 and RamSO4FO4. Similarly, in CFFT the selected genotypes across the locations were Across 9942 /Across9944 and Deuti. The combined result across the locations (Kabre,Dailekh, Salyan, Lumle and Khumaltar ) during 2011 revealed that in IYT the genotypes Manakamana-3, Resunga composite and Rampur S10F18A were superior for grain yield. Genotypes tested across the locations under CVT revealed that TLBRS07F16, Celaya00HGYA*HGYB and RampurS03F04 were superior to farmers variety for grain yield and other agronomic traits. Similarly, in CFFT over the locations (Kabre, Dailekh, Salyan, Lumle and Khumaltar) TLBRS07F16 produced significantly highest grain yield than standard check Manakamana-3. During 2012 three NMRP developed hybrids were also included in CVT sets across the hill stations. Among the OPVs in CVT RampurS03F08 and CelayaHGYA*HGYB were significantly superior for grain yield and other agronomic traits and among the hybrids RML-4/RML-17 and RML-32/RML-17 produced more than 8 t/ha grain yield across the locations. Similarly maize genotypes tested under IYT revealed that ZM-401, 07SADVI and TLBRS07F14 were found significantly superior for grain yield and resistant reaction against foliar diseases. Furthermore genotypes tested under CFFT showed that Across9942/Across9944, P501SRCO/P502SRCO and Rampur S03F06 produced more than 6 t/ha grain yield at farmers field across the locations.

27th National Summer Crops Workshop, Program and Abstracts, 18-20th April, 2013, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.pp.35

Hybrid Maize Research and Development in Nepal


KB Koirala, DB Gurung, TR Rijal, J Shrestha, MP Tripathi and JB Chhetri NMRP, Rampur
Hybrid maize varieties are extensively grown in terai, inner-terai, foot hills, valleys and other accessible pockets in mid hills of Nepal. Hybrid cultivation is one of the best options for maize commercialization and to increase maize yield. With the objective of developing and identifying superior high yielding, disease and insect pest resistant/tolerant maize hybrids for food and feed security in Nepal the different maize hybrids were developed and tested in multilocations during 2010 and 2011. During 2010 winter season two sets of hybrid trials; namely OBN at Rampur & Belachhapi & CVTH at Ramur containing 30, 41 and 32 single cross hybrids were evaluated. From the results of OBN at Rampur hybrids; Putu-20/AG-27, RML-4/NML-2, RML-4/RML-17, Putu-13/L-20, and L-4/L-2. At Belachapi, under OBN the best promising hybrids were CML168/CML167, CML-493/CML-172, CML-493/CML-162, CLQ6602/CML-172, CML312/CML-172, RML-4/NML-2 & RL111/RL-189 .In CVTH tested at Rampur the outstanding hybrids were CML-312/CML-172, 30B07 & Gaurav/P45-9. During 2011 winter season different seven hybrid trials were conducted at Rampur, Belachhapi, & Nepalgunj. Observation Nursery on Hybrid (OBNH-1 & OBNH-2) were planted only Rampur and included 62 & 33 single cross hybrids. From these two sets of trials, the outstanding single cross hybrids were RL-46/RL-111, RL-25/RL-29, RL-153/RL-105, RML-115/RML-17, RML-55/RL-105, RML-24/RL-101 & 20-29-1-2-1/20-29-1-1-2. OBNH-3 was planted at Belachhapi & Nepalgunj including 20 single cross hybrids. The results from both the locations revealed that RML18/RL-85, RL-25/RML-18, RL-46/RL-111 & RL-85/RML-18 hybrids were found highest grain yielder across the locations. CVTH-1 was tested in Rampur, Belachhapi & Nepalgunj including 20 single cross hybrids and the superior single cross hybrids across the locations were RL-36/RL-197, RL-174/RML-36 & RML-57/RML-6. Another set of hybrid trial (CVTH-2) also was planted in all three locations (Rampur, Belachhapi & Nepalgunj) with 21 single cross hybrids. The stable & high yielding hybrids over the locations were RML-98/RL-105, RML-62/RL-105 & RL-150/RL-111. Double cross hybrids using multinational company hybrids were also evaluated at Rampur under replicated conditions. Out of 194 double crosses the high yielding promising hybrids were 10V20/L4-597, NMH-666 (Sandhya) /30B11 & 10V20/PROAGRO-4642. The CFFT using NMRP developed hybrid containing eight genotypes were tested in Rampur, Madi and Nepalgunj. The superior hybrid over the locations was RML-4/RML-17 and RML-84/RL-105for higher grain yield and other agronomic traits.

27 National Summer Crops Workshop, Program and Abstracts, 18-20 April, 2013, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.pp.37

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Early Maize Varieties Improvement and Development for the Hills of Nepal
T R Rijal, J Shrestha, KB Koirala, R B Katuwal, S Thapa, N B Dhami, A Paudel, J Dhakal

NMRP, Rampur
The population in Nepal is rapidly growing and food crisis especially in hilly regions is rising day by day. Since maize is first staple crop for hills, there is a need to improve the productivity of maize in order to improve food security. Improved high yielding early open pollinated maize varieties need to be developed for hills for providing varietal options to the farmers/stakeholders under intensive farming. Therefore, with the objective of identifying suitable high yielding early maize OPVs for hills of Nepal, a series of experiments viz IYT, CVT and CFFT were conducted using early sets of maize at Pakhribas, Lumle and Dailekh during summer season of 2010, 2011 and 2012. The IYT and CVT were laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design with 3 replications and CF FT was planted in farmers fields applying farmers as a replicate. The combined analysis of genotypes evaluated across the locations under IYT early set in 2010 summer showed that the genotypes ACROSS-2401 x ACROSS-2402, ACROSS-2401, RampurSO3E02 high yielding and good for other agronomic traits. The genotype under CVT, the promising genotypes were POP-45 x POOL-17, Rampur Composite x POOL-17 and S97TEYGHAYB (3) across the locations. Similarly, in CFFT the promising genotypes across the locations were Arun-4, Arun-1EV and Arun-2. During 2011 under CVT promising significantly high yielding genotypes across the locations were POP-44 POOL-15 and KHUMAL Yellow POOL-17. Similarly in CFFT, the genotypes Arun-1EV and Arun-2 found superior for grain yield and other agronomic traits across the locations. During 2012 summer early maize genotypes were tested across the locations. The result from 2012 summer revealed that in CVT the promising high yielding genotypes were Khumal Yellow/Pool-17E, Rampur composite/Pool-17E, Arun-2 and Pop-445 across the locations. Similarly in IYT significantly superior genotypes for grain yield and other traits were S03TEY/LN, S03TEY-SEQ and RampurS03E02. Furthermore in CFFT across the locations the significantly best genotypes for grai n yield and other agronomic traits were Farmers local, Arun-4 and Arun-2.

27 National Summer Crops Workshop, Program and Abstracts, 18-20 April, 2013, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.pp.36

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Evaluation of CIMMYT Hybrids and NMRP developed Inbred Lines


KB Koirala, DB Gurung, TR Rijal, J Shrestha and B Bhandari

NMRP, Rampur
There were six sets of hybrid trials both yellow & white grain type received from CIMMYT during 2011 and evaluated under multilocations (Rampur, Parwanipur, Belachhapi & Nepalgunj). The result from Tropical Low Land Hybrid Maize Trial (10ASA15HW10) consisting of eighteen genotypes tested at Rampur revealed that SRR-C2SA6HS90-1-2-1-B/CLA127, CLA135/CML399 & CML247/CML254/CLA135 were found significantly highest grain yielder. The results of the CIMMYT Hybrid Maize trial (10BSA16HY) consisting of twenty genotypes showed that the promising hybrids were (CML172 CLQ6601)-B-B-8-B-11-B-B/CML161, V305-34-3-2-B/CML165//CL02450, and (CLA37/CLA16)-B-B-B-4-B/CLA41//CL02450. Similarly the CIMMYT Hybrid Maize trial (TTWCWL24) which included twenty hybrids revealed that the promising genotypes were CLRCW96/CLRC, CL-RCW42/CML & CML491/CLQRC for grain yield and other traits. From another CIMMYT Hybrid Maize trial (TTWCWL25) included twenty genotypes and planted in Parwanipur and Nepalgunj showed that the superior hybrids at Parwanipur for grain yield production were CLRCW96/CLRC, CML-491/CLQRC and CLQ-RCWQ10/C and at Nepalgunj CLRCW85/CLRC, CML502/CLQRC & CL-RCW42/CML were found superior for grain yield. During 2011 winter season at Rampur 197 inbred were evaluated for per se performance and identified the best inbred were RML-4, RML-5, RML-84, RML-95, RML-96, RL-14, RL-111, RL-105, NML-2 and RML-19 which were used as selfing and crossing. Similarly in another side there was seed increase on 239 fixed inbred at Rampur under controlled pollinations. Moreover during 2012 winter season a total of 164 inbred lines were evaluated for their per se performance and other agronomic traits and best inbred identified were RML-64 , RML-4, RML-90, RML-91, RML-103, RML-122, RML-127, RML-129, RML-134, RML-140, RL21and RL-37 which will be used as crossing and seed increase in next season..

Fourth SAS-N Convention, April 4-6, 2012. National Agricultural Research Institute Complex, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Society of Agricultural Scientists, Nepal (SAS-N).pp.82

Efficacy of Organic Fertilizers on Maize (Zea mays L.) Productivity in the Acidic Soils of Rampur, Chitwan

Bishnu H. Adhikary, Jiban Shrestha and Bandhu R. Baral National Maize Research Program, NARC, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
Plant nutrients play vital role on maize productivity. Nutrients not only from chemical fertilizers increases crop yield but also with organic fertilizers. To evaluate the efficacy of organic fertilizers, received from NICO ORGO Company India, an experiment was conducted at NMRP farmland at Hariyali-Tandi on the acidic soil during the year 2011 winter season. Different agro-organicfertilizers along with other chemical fertilizers and manures were used in the experiment. The experiment was designed with RCBD and replicated three times. Manakamana-3 was the variety planted in the experiment in the month of September at a spacing of 75 cm 25 cm at the plot size of 22.5 sq. m. and was harvested in second week of February, 2012. Maize growth and yield parameters were taken into the study. The results showed significant effect of Organic-Fertilizers in plant height, stover and grain yield production. The -1 highest grain weight (2.94 t ha ) was recorded when the crop was supplied with 120: 60: 40 kg N, P 2O5 -1 -1 and K2O ha followed by Orgo Blend fertilizers at 617.5 kg ha which was almost 121 % higher than those produced by non-treated crops. It seems that the highest net return of Rs 29,233.0 could be -1 obtained when the crop is supplied only with NPK fertilizers (120: 60: 40 kg ha ) followed by the crop -1 -1 supplied with Orgo Neem at 150 kg ha which gave the net return of Rs 27555.0 ha .This paper discuss and highlights the results of Organic-fertilizer application on maize productivity in detail.

Fourth SAS-N Convention, April 4-6, 2012. National Agricultural Research Institute Complex, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Society of Agricultural Scientists, Nepal (SAS-N).pp.20

Effect of Nitrogen on Grain Production of Hybrid Maize (RML-4/NML-2) in the Acid Soil of Rampur, Chitwan
Bishnu H. Adhikary, Bandhu R. Baral and Jiban Shrestha National Maize Research Program, NARC, Rampur, Chitwan
Hybrid maize (RML-4/NML-2) was evaluated for its grain production by application of different levels of -1 nitrogen (60, 120 and 180 kg N ha ) at varying plant densities (55555, 66666 and 83383 plants/ha) along -1 with 60 kg P2O5 and 40 kg K2O ha in the acidic soil of National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan during the years of 2008/09 and 2009/10. Factorial randomized complete block design with three 2 replications was employed in the experiment. The crop was planted at the plot size of 18 m (3.6 5 m). The crop was planted in the month of September and harvested in February. The result indicated on sharp response of nitrogen application to this hybrid whereas the effect of density was observed to be -1 non-significant. Two years mean yield results showed that highest grain yield (11.10 t ha ) was recorded -1 when the crop was supplied with 180 kg nitrogen and with 83383 plants ha followed by the crop supplied -1 -1 with 120 kg N ha and 66,666 plant population (10.69 t ha ). It is inferred that application of high dose of -1 N (180 kg N ha ) could help increase main grain production in acidic soils.

27 National Summer Crops Workshop, Program and Abstracts, 18-20 April, 2013, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.pp.35

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Research on Early and Extra Early Maturing Maize Variety for Terai, Inner Terai and Hills of Nepal
C B Kunwar1, K P Bhurer2, S P Paudel3, J B Chhetri1 and J Shrestha1
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NMRP, Rampur, 2RARS, Parwanipur and 3RARS, Tarahara

A number of field experiments (IYTE, CVTE, CFFTE, Population improvement) were conducted at different locations during summer and winter of 2009, 2010 and 2011 with the objective to identify and develop high yielding, insect pest free, early maturing and matching to cropping system (as three crops for a year) maize varieties for hills, terai and inner terai of Nepal. In IYTE, the genotype S03TEY/LN (5376 -1 -1 -1 -1 kg ha ), Across-2401 (4605 kg ha ), S03TEY-FM (ER) (4518 kg ha ), S03TEY-SEQ (4126 kg ha ) were promising in yield and maturity and promoted to CVT. In CVTE, the genotypes POP-44/POOL-15 (3841 -1 -1 -1 kg ha ), Khumal Y/POOL-17 (3699 kg ha ) and POP-45/POOL-17 (3346 kg ha ) were noted high yielding with earlier maturity over locations and Arun-1EV, Arun-4 promoted to CFFTE. In CFFTE, the genotypes Arun-1 EV and Arun-4 were significantly superior over other genotypes and Pool-17 the earliest in maturity. Hence, Arun-1 EV (white) and Arun-4 (yellow) and Pool-17 were already proposed for release for general cultivation as early and Pool-17 as extra-early. Two cycles of population improvement for Arun-4, Arun-1EV and Pool-17 have been completed adopting half-sib family selection method. Stratified mass selection was used for maintenance and improvement of promising prerelease/released varieties.

The Sixth National Conference on Science and Technology, ABSTRACTS, Sept 25-27, Kathmandu. Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, 2012

Response of Maize Varieties to Varying Rates of Fertilizer and Manure Application


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B. H. Adhikary , B. R. Baral , J. Shrestha M. Tripathi 3 2 R. Adhikary and C. B. Kunwar

Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Khumaltar, Lalitpur. Nepal Agricultural Research Council Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal 3 Institute of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, SundarBazar Email:adhikary_bishnu@yahoo.com

Corresponding Author: adhikary_bishnu@yahoo.com, Mobile: +977-9845047962 The development of agronomic practices in terms of maize genotypes with fertilization is essential for enhancing maize productivity. In order to identify and evaluate suitable rates of fertilizers (NPK and farmyard manures) to different maize genotypes, field experiments were conducted at Rampur, Chitwan during winter season of 2009/10 and 2010/011. Five levels of fertilization; Control (zero fertilizer), Farm -1 -1 yard manure (FYM) 10 t ha , 60:30:20 N, P2O5 and K2O plus FYM 10 t ha , 120: 60: 40 N, P2O5 and K2O -1 -1 -1 plus FYM 10 t ha , 180: 90: 60 N, P2O5 and K2O kg ha plus FYM 10 t ha and 120: 60: 40 N, P2O5 and -1 K2O kg ha ) applied to four maize varieties (Rampur Composite, Manakamana-4, Across9942/Across 9944 and S99TLYQ-B) in the experiment. Plant height, ear height, cob length, number of kernel rows per cob, number of kernels per kernel row and test weight were significantly increased with increased level of fertilizers in Rampur Composite ,Manakamana-4 ,Across9942/Across9944 but these parameters significantly increased in S99TLYQ-B with the fertilization level of 120: 60: 40 N, P2O5 and K2O plus FYM -1 10 t ha . The varieties such as Manakamana-4, Rampur composite and Across 9942/Across 9944 -1 -1 produced highest grain yield with NPK 180: 90: 60 kg ha plus FYM 10 t ha .This paper discuss and highlights the results of fertilizer and manures application on different maize genotypes in detail.