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TABLE 3. Percentage Change in the Value of Merchandise Trade Handled by the Top 25 U.S.

Freight
Gateways: 1999 and 2003

Rank Rank Percent change, 1999-2003
in in
1999 2003 Port name Mode Total trade Exports Imports
4 1 Port of Los Angeles, CA Water 46.7 19.6 52.2
1 2 JFK International Airport Air 6.6 5.0 7.8
2 3 Port of Detroit, MI Land 10.0 12.5 7.3
5 4 Port of New York and New Jersey Water 40.3 35.8 41.8
3 5 Port of Long Beach, CA Water 7.1 20.0 4.7
9 6 Port of Laredo, TX Land 21.7 8.7 32.9
8 7 Los Angeles International Airport, CA Air -5.0 -9.2 -0.2
10 8 Port Huron, MI Land 25.3 31.2 22.2
7 9 Port of Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Land -16.1 -22.3 -10.1
11 10 Chicago, IL Air 37.2 13.8 56.9
12 11 Port of Houston, TX Water 47.2 29.1 64.5
6 12 San Francisco International Airport, CA Air -35.2 -35.9 -34.5
15 13 Port of Charleston, SC Water 33.5 19.4 42.1
13 14 Port of El Paso, TX Land 19.5 21.1 18.4
17 15 Port of Norfolk Harbor, VA Water 19.4 -3.3 38.9
18 16 New Orleans, LA Air 18.0 31.7 6.9
23 17 Port of Tacoma, WA Water 55.8 36.9 61.3
21 18 Port of Baltimore, MD Water 33.8 7.3 43.8
16 19 Port of Oakland, CA Water 0.6 -23.1 16.7
27 20 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Air 68.3 83.7 56.0
14 21 Port of Seattle, WA Water -27.2 3.4 -33.6
19 22 Miami International Airport, FL Air -1.6 -7.5 9.4
20 23 Anchorage, AK Air 2.0 -10.5 7.1
30 24 Port of Savannah, GA Water 58.1 45.5 65.8
24 25 Port of Otay Mesa Station, CA Land 25.3 33.3 20.2
Top 25 ports 14.3 6.5 19.2
Total U.S. merchandise trade -all ports 15.5 4.5 22.9
NOTE: All data—Trade levels reflect the mode of transportation as a shipment enters or exits a U.S. Customs
port. Flows through individual ports are based on reported data collected from U.S. trade documents. Low-
value shipments (imports less than $1,250 and exports less than $2,500) and intransit shipments are not
included in trade data. Air—Data for all airports are based on U.S. port classifications and include a low level
(generally less than 2% to 3% of the total value) of small user-fee airports located in the same region. Air
gateways not identified by airport name include major airports in that geographic area in addition to small
regional airports. Also due to U.S. Census Bureau confidentiality regulations, data for some of the air
gateways include courier operations. For example, data for New Orleans International Airport, include FedEx
air cargo activity in Memphis, TN.

SOURCES: Air—U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Division, special
tabulation, August 2004. Water— U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, Office of
Statistical and Economic Analysis, special tabulations from Waterborne Databank, August 2004. Land—U.S.
Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Transborder Surface Freight Data as of
August 2004.