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Spring 2003

News
A Newsletter for the Transportation Community Volume 2, Issue 2

BTS Adds Small Airlines and Cargo Information
to Air Traffic Data
T he Bureau of Transportation Statistics monthly airline
traffic data now includes data reported by small certifi-
cated, commuter, and all-cargo carriers in addition to the
● Domestic all-cargo and domestic charter flights operated
by U.S. carriers.
● All flights to and from the United States operated by for-
airline passenger data previously reported. This change went
eign air carriers (data subject to a 6-month restricted
into effect in October.
release period). The small-aircraft reporting exclusion has
For the first time, traffic statistics been eliminated.
on passenger and freight traffic,
Inside this issue: ● Operating carrier reports on joint-service operations,
available cargo capacity and seats,
including code-sharing, wet-leasing, and substitution-of-
and number and duration of flights
Trade and Freight service operations.
are available for small certificated,
Report 2
commuter, and all-cargo carriers. ● Military data in summary totals only.
IT Award 3
In addition to the data for small The monthly airline traffic data can be found at TranStats,
NHTS Release certificated, commuter, and all- BTS’ Intermodal Transportation Database, at http://
in August 3
cargo carriers, data on the follow- transtats.bts.gov/. To reach the data, click on “aviation,”
iForce Award 4 ing are available: then click on “Air Carrier Statistics (Form 41 Traffic).”
Recent/Upcoming 4 see Airline Data, page 4

BTS Reveals Americans’ Attitudes on Biking and Walking
O nly half of all adults said they are satisfied with their
communities’ designs for bicycling safety, but three
out of four adults express satisfaction with their communi-
Respondents were also asked to recommend changes to
their communities for either bicycling or walking. Most sug-
gested changes in bicycle and pedestrian facilities. Of those,
ties’ designs for pedestrian safety, according to a survey 73% wanted new bicycle facilities, such as trails, bicycle
conducted jointly by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics lanes, and traffic signals; and 74% wanted pedestrian facili-
(BTS) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administra- ties, including sidewalks, lighting, and crosswalks.
tion (NHTSA).
Figure 1 Other findings included:
The “National Survey of Pedestrian and Trip Lengths by Percent of Riders
on Most Recent Day Bicycled ● A steep decline in bicycling as people
Bicyclist Attitudes and Behaviors”
age. Nearly 40% of those ages 16 to
involved phone interviews with more 38.6%
Mean = 3.9 miles
24 ride a bicycle during the summer,
than 9,600 adults age 16 and older
while 26% of those aged 45 to 54
throughout the United States. The survey 23.8%
18.5% ride. Only about 9% of those age 65
was conducted during a 10-week period 11.8%
7.3% and older ride a bike.
in the summer of 2002, and the margin
of error was plus or minus 1.5 percent- 1 mile or less 1.1-2 miles 2.1-5 miles 5.1-10 miles > 10 miles ● Males are more likely to take a bike
age points. Survey participants were ride during the summer than are
SOURCE: National Survey of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Attitudes and Behav-
queried about their bicycling and walk- iors, 2002. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and females. However, both groups are
ing activities during the past 30 days. Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS). about equally likely to take walks dur-
(Figures 1 and 2) ing the summer.
see Bike-Ped Survey, page 2

Bureau of Transportation Statistics U.S. Department of Transportation
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Report Shows More than 10 Percent of U.S Freight Trade
Is International
More than 10% of the 16 billion tons While all modes were affected by the ● The United States, the world leader in
of freight moved on the nation’s trans- September 11 attacks, the 13% drop in trade of transportation services, saw
portation system is international cargo, 2001 in the value of air freight activity its annual surplus in this trade turn
either entering the country as imports was the largest decrease of all modes, into a deficit in 1998 and the follow-
or intended for export, according to followed by trucking at 8%, maritime ing three years as U.S. imports carried
BTS’ International Trade and Freight at 3%, and rail at 2%. by foreign carriers increased and U.S
Transportation Trends, released in exports growth slowed due to the
Other highlights from the report:
April. Almost 71% of the international robust growth in the U.S. economy
freight tonnage in 2001 was from ● More than 19 million large freight and the strength of the dollar during
imports – up from 65% in 1997 – and containers were used to transport this period.
the remaining 29% from exports. imports across U.S. borders in 2001–
● The ratio of the value of United
6 million by ocean vessels and 13
This report is third in a series of interna- States imports and exports to Gross
million by truck and rail from
tional trend reports. BTS released North Domestic Product increased to 22%
Canada and Mexico – showing the
American Trade and Travel Trends in in 2001, up from 13% 11 years ear-
challenge of maintaining transporta-
2001 and U.S. International Travel and lier. This trend highlights the increas-
tion security while facilitating effi-
Transportation Trends in 2002. ing role of international trade in the
cient freight flows.
U.S. economy.
The report also shows that maritime
The United States, has run a large
shipping – which generally hauls bulk, This multimodal report presents a
deficit in trade of transportation-
low-value goods – carried the largest comprehensive analysis of trends and
related goods in recent years because
percentage of U.S. international trade issues affecting U.S. international trade
of growth in the import of automobiles
in 2001: 78% by tonnage and 38% by and freight transportation. It examines
and parts, particularly from Japan.
value. Aviation is used for high-value recent trends in U.S. trade patterns
The transportation-related goods
and perishable cargo, carrying 28% of with key trade partners, reviews
deficit was more than $75 billion in
the total value but less than 1% of the changes in modal shares, commodity
2001, with a $24 billion surplus in air-
total tonnage of U.S. international mix, and transportation services. The
craft, spacecraft and parts trade and
trade. Trucking carried 21% in 2001 report also discusses the emerging
smaller surpluses in other transporta-
by value. transportation security challenges
tion sectors offset by a $100 billion
resulting from increased international
deficit in automotive vehicles and parts
trade flows.

Bike-Ped Survey
continued from page 1
● Nearly 80% of adult Americans take Those who do not bike cite lack of
at least one walk of five minutes or access to a bicycle (26%), too busy or
Figure 2
Trip Lengths by Percent of Pedestrians longer during the summer months, no opportunity (17%), disability or
on Most Recent Day Walked while fewer than 30% ride a bike. A other health problems (10%).
decline in walking occurs gradually
Mean = 1.2 miles This study is the most comprehensive
26.9% as people age. Eighty-two percent of
of its kind by the Department of
19.6%
20.7%
18.0%
those ages 16 to 24 take walks, while
14.8%
Transportation. More findings involv-
80% of those age 45 and 54 do so.
ing the safety aspect of this study from
Sixty-six percent of those who are 65
the current survey are planned for
and older report taking walks.
0.25 miles
release. An electronic version of the
0.26-0.5 0.51-1 1.1-2 > 2 miles
or less miles mile miles ● People who do not take walks cite report is available at www.bicycling-
SOURCE: National Survey of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Attitudes and disability or other health problems info.org or www.walkinginfo.org.
Behaviors, 2002. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) (25%), unfavorable weather (22%),
and Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS).
and too busy or no opportunity
(19%).
N e ws Page 3

BTS Awarded for Excellence

BTS’ IT Team (from l-r: Bronwyn Gallagher, Rodney Fielding, DOT’s Chief Information Officer Dan Matthews (presenting
award), BTS’ Director of Information Technology Terry Klein, Richard Thai, Deputy Secretary Michael Jackson (presenting
award), Darin Gaynor) received the 2003 IT Security Excellence Award on May 13. The group was honored for its contri-
butions in preventing computer viruses and security intrusions.

BTS Announces NHTS Release Date

O n May 15th, the Bureau of Trans-
portation Statistics (BTS)
announced that the National House-
how are they used. It also examines
relationships between travel and spe-
cific household and demographic char-
distance travel behavior in our country,
and begin to assess its implications for
our safety and our economy, said BTS
hold Travel Survey (NHTS), the most acteristics. Based on a national sample Deputy Director Rick Kowalewski.
comprehensive survey of U.S. travel size of approximately 26,000 house- “This data will support the planning
patterns and characteristics in more holds and interviews with 60,000 indi- and decisions for the transportation
than six years, will be released in viduals, the NHTS expands on and system in the coming years and
August. The August release will com- replaces the 1995 National Personal decades.”
bine new long-distance travel informa- Transportation Survey and American
In addition to providing comprehen-
tion with short-distance NHTS data Travel Survey projects.
sive information on both local and
released earlier this year, providing the
“This joint effort by BTS and FHWA long-distance travel, NHTS focuses on
first comprehensive look at travel pat-
will give unique data to decision- new groups and areas of interest, such
terns and characteristics across the
makers at all levels of government to as travel by age five and under; trans-
United States.
help them shape the transportation portation issues associated with per-
NHTS, conducted by BTS and the Fed- system of the 21st Century,” said U.S. sons with disabilities; and travel by
eral Highway Administration (FHWA) Secretary of Transportation Norman Y. non-U.S. born residents. Additional
in 2001 and 2002, touches on a wide Mineta. “NHTS is a panoramic view items also include Internet use, occupa-
range of topics, including the amount of how Americans travel, so it is a pic- tion, and traveler attitudes.
and purpose of travel, the various ture of America.”
The NHTS long distance travel data
travel modes used by Americans, the
“Through continued study and devel- and an overview report of the data will
time and miles spent traveling, as well
opment of NHTS data, we can sharpen be available at www.bts.gov in August.
as who owns the vehicles used and
our understanding of local and long
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iForce Award Airline Data
The Bureau of Transportation Statis- In making the award, the iForce judges continued from page 1
tics’ TranStats www.transtats.bts.gov recognized TranStats “as a business Beginning with its October 2002 issue,
website along with its industry partner, solution that provides fast, accurate, Air Carrier Traffic Statistics Monthly,
Sybase, were honored in April as the and reliable access to data.” They the “Green Book” compilation of traf-
Best e-Business Solution for 2003 by noted the 15,000 hits per day the site fic data, began publishing small certifi-
the iForce Excellence Awards. These receives and the ability to search an cated and commuter air carrier traffic
awards are cosponsored by Sun index of more than 100 databases. data.
Microsystems, Inc. and Computer-
According to Michael Walsh, director of To order Air Carrier Traffic Statistics
world. iForce honors excellence in 11
marketing for Sun Microsystem’s U.S. Monthly, the “Green Book”, contact
categories. The inaugural winners were
Partner management and sales organiza- BTS, either by e-mail at OAIProducts
selected from over 125 entries by 15
tion, “These awards were designed to @bts.gov or by the contact informa-
executives, members of the media, and
mirror the iForce program – which hon- tion listed below.
analysts.
ors partners that have created, devel-
The rule requiring the additional data
In accepting the iForce Award, BTS’ oped, and delivered proven solutions
was issued July 30, 2002. To view a
Jeff Butler, assistant director of the that enable customers to quickly realize
copy of the rule, go to the Docket
Office of Statistical Computing, said, a return on IT investment.”
Management System website, http://
“TranStats has in the past and will con-
dms.dot.gov, and follow the instruc-
tinue to be an award-winning e-Gov-
tions for viewing the documents in BTS
ernment solution, but today this unique
Docket No. OST 98-4043.
product has become an award-winning
e-Business solution as well. This
speaks highly of the people who devel-
oped and continue to improve
TranStats.”

Recently from BTS Upcoming from BTS
● National Transportation ● National Household Travel Survey
Statistics 2002 2001-2002, Long-Distance Data
● Transportation Statistics Annual ● Transportation Statistics Annual
Report 2001 Report 2002 U.S. Department of
● International Trade and Freight ● Issue Briefs: Transportation
Transportation Trends International Trade Bureau of Transportation
Productivity Statistics
● Bicycle Use and Pedestrian High-
Airline Cash Flow 400 Seventh Street, SW
lights Report
● State Transportation Profiles: Suite 3103
● Issue Briefs: Washington, DC 20590
Georgia, Ohio, Idaho, New Mexico,
Commuting Expenditures
North Carolina, Maine, Indiana,
Energy Intensity answers@bts.gov
Delaware and Kansas
● Transportation and the Disabled Info line:1-800-853-1351
● Air Carrier Profiles
● Congestion
● Airport Profiles
● Journal of Transportation and Sta- We’re on the WEB!
tistics, volume 5 number 2 www.bts.gov
● State Transportation Profiles:
Louisiana, Oregon, North Dakota,
New York, South Dakota,Tennessee,
Michigan, Virginia, and New Jersey