Definition of Commercial Buildings

A commercial building uses more than half its floor space for commercial purposes.

A commercial building is one that is dedicated to commercial activities. The technical classification of a commercial building for zoning purposes is that it has more than half of its floor space used for commercial activities.

1. Basics
An alternative definition of a commercial building is a structure that is not used for residential or civic functions. Various retailers and other businesses lease space in commercial buildings in order to operate without buying a property.

Common examples of commercial buildings include "stores, offices, schools, churches, gymnasiums, libraries, museums, hospitals, clinics, warehouses and jails. Government buildings are included except for buildings on military bases or reservations", according to

Commercial buildings are owned by various individuals and group entities who construct them or build them for profit. Developers build commercial properties with the intent to resell for profit or to lease for income. Other investors enter after construction for similar investment purposes. Some commercial buildings are developed by organizations for company operations.

Certainly a one-stop shopping outlet. shopping malls have adequate parking.S. Shopping Malls o Since the 1970s there has been a trend towards building large shopping malls in the suburbs away from the business districts that were traditionally the places to shop and conduct business. Hotels and Pubs o Large hotels are traditionally built in the main business districts of cities with fantastic landscaped gardens. creating a . ranging from traditional sandstone architecture to modern.. Today virtually every large suburb in the U. are found scattered all over the country in semi-residential areas. multi-story. Large commercial chains often build the same design. Smaller hotels stand dwarfed by their larger counterparts and include a mix of older. high-rise structures. Retail Stores o Free-standing retail outlets. Most of the new commercial buildings are constructed using techniques that reduce the building's carbon footprint using energy-efficient technology.The Types of Commercial Buildings There are many types of commercial buildings in the U. classic architecture and modern building techniques. along highways and near large shopping malls. restaurants and specialty shops. New residential areas are often devoid of commercial buildings for environmental reasons -. Architecturally. many large hotels are monuments to modern design and reflect the level of commercial tourism of the area. 1.S. has a large shopping mall that includes everything from supermarkets and specialty shops to banks. baby crèches and even medical centers incorporated into them. spacious lobbies. like large electrical and furniture stores and fast-food outlets. as well as luxury rooms with balconies that overlook the city.councils using zoning restrictions which only allow for small corner stores and pollution-free cottage industries. movie theaters and restaurants.

Office suites are leased to companies. office blocks usually feature a central elevator and business directory on the first floor. Countries that do not have industrial estates have more inner-city traffic and their residential areas are littered with factory waste and pollution. so efforts are being made to make retail commercial buildings more energy efficient. ranging from basic laundromats and pubs to opulent hotels and majestic commercial banks. Often housing shops and banks on the ground floor. Retail stores account for 48 percent of the country's greenhouse emissions and nearly 70 percent of the total electricity consumed.or two-story offices and warehouses with individual parking and loading bays. Commercial buildings usually consist of more than 50 percent space available for public use. Industrial Estates o Industrial estates are built away from central business districts and residential areas because of pollution and noise factors. providing them with individual offices. the modern multi-story office block became popular and today you still see office blocks going up in every large city and coastal area. Commercial Building Types The skyscraper is becoming more environmentally friendly. Today. High-Rise Office Skyscrapers o Starting in the 1960s. suppliers and service providers.modern architectural icon recognizable from a distance as belonging to that company. and they typically feature one. and adhere to a different set of safety standards. meeting rooms and staff lunch rooms. There are dozens of different types of commercial buildings worldwide. virtually all new commercial . Commercial leasing companies build industrial estates in developing areas to lease to manufacturers. They are built largely of concrete and glass and can be anything from 10 to 30 stories high.

according to aia. and a modern and industrial architectural exterior design. strength and integrity to "green" banks. Restaurants o Commercial dining establishments are either standalone structures or housed in multibusiness commercial buildings. elevator. meeting rooms and rooms that feature a minimum of a bedroom and bath. 1. Restaurants are generally divided into a dining area. to fit contemporary tastes. Office Building o The office building. Banks o Commercial bank buildings have evolved from turn of the 20th-century stately multi-story Victorian and Beaux Arts structures to signify crew preparation workplace and kitchen. 4. All must accommodate high-volume traffic that requires a sizable lobby.buildings are constructed to reduce their carbon footprint with energy-efficient technology. such as Holiday Inn. The exception is that modern hotel buildings generally stand alone with an emphasis on updating services and rebranding prominent hotel names. Contemporary décor in fast-food restaurants may feature LCD screen menus. 2. such as San Francisco's New Resource Bank that uses solar-based energy technology and loans funds for similar community-based solar projects. Hotel o Most commercial hotel buildings. requires significant working space and adherence to strict safety codes. Since 2000. often in the form of a skyscraper in urban areas.interested? Town Planners Urban Designers 3. according to retailtrafficmag. architects have designed . have changed little in the basic presentation to Australia Congress. a mix of retro and modern furnishings. not to be confused with motels.

according to "Retail Traffic" magazine. . Retail Store o Retail commercial businesses range from mom-and-pop convenience shops to massive "bigbox" discount outlets that provide all retail services. 6. 7. vertical multi-use building designs and environmental-friendly technology are becoming the standard among mall builders. 5. Shopping Mall o The enclosed shopping mall has been part of the commercial building landscape since the 19th century. Supermarket commercial design also focuses more on lighting and environment to encourage more comfortable shopping. but became more common in the 1950s and also had a significant building boom in the 1970s. more aggressive efforts are being made to make retail commercial buildings more energy efficient. Supermarket o Supermarket commercial buildings are designed to offer the best use of floor space for marketing products with an emphasis on impulse buying and floor plan to promote customer convenience. Constructed in suburban areas. Since retail store buildings account for about 48 percent of the world's greenhouse emissions and consumes 68 percent of the world's electricity. including a fast-food restaurant or tea room under one roof.commercial skyscrapers with an eye toward better use of floor space by using large-span mega-trusses and reinforced concrete core walls to eliminate interior columns.

Outstanding properties may be considered by local professionals as Class A based on attributes other than age. and how the term is applied varies according to regional characteristics. it has been continuously upgraded over the years. Age  Class A buildings will generally be the newest buildings in the area. Although they don't have to be winners of architectural awards. although there are many exceptions to this statement. Location  Some buildings will never be considered "the best" because of their location. B. While commercial real estate professionals understand what is meant by each classification.The Best Commercial Buildings The best office buildings command the highest rent and it is a common practice to categorize commercial buildings as Class A. renovated properties can be included in this category. Appearance  Class A office buildings are usually high rises and are well maintained with no signs of neglect. there is no one. they do have to be pleasing to the eye. or C properties. if the rents are higher in other parts of town. A beautiful. then the case could be made for classifying this as a type "B" building. and is classified as an "A" type property. The Empire State Building opened its doors in 1931. new building on the outskirts of a city. might never be called a Class A. accepted definition. Tenants will not pay prime rental rates to have offices in an ugly . and older. Class A buildings are usually considered to be those that are located in the central business district of a bustling town.

and tenants will commute by public transportation or rent monthly space in a public parking garage. In less populated areas. The building may have elegantly furnished conference rooms. they are willing to pay top dollar. and it must be clean and well maintained. fast elevators. marble floors in the lobby. Parking  Class A buildings are likely to have a covered parking garage and they might possibly offer valet parking to visitors. with video conferencing capabilities. this will most often not be the case.building. The inside of the building is as important as the outside. that are available to the tenants. In a densely packed city like New York. Tenants want to feel that they are renting space in one of the best buildings in town. The building will be wired for high-speed Internet connectivity. the Class A building tenants will be more apt to consider an attached parking garage as a necessary feature . Amenities  The inside of Class A buildings must be well appointed with lavish furnishings. and so. and perhaps an atrium.

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