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300 Most Common Latin Words ab (a) + abl.

away from, from; by (preposition): abject, abjure, abnormal, aborigine, absent, abstract abeo, abire, abii, abitum to go away, depart; to die; to disappear (verb): abient absens, absentis absent, away (adjective): absent accedo, accedere, accessi, accessum to come to, approach; to agree (verb): accede, accedence, access accido, accidere, accidi to fall upon; happen; occur (verb): accident, accidental accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptum to take, receive; to let in (verb): accept, acceptable, acceptance, acceptant, acceptive acer, acris, acre sharp, keen, eager, severe (adjective): acerose acerbus, a, um harsh, bitter, grievous (adjective): acerbity ad to, near to, toward, at (preposition): addition adeo, adire, adii, aditum to go to, approach (verb): adient (psych.) adfero, adferre, attuli, allatum to bring to (verb): afferent adiuvo, adiuvare, adiuvi, adiutum to help (verb): adjuvant admitto, admittere, admisi, admissum to admit, receive, let in (verb): admit, admission adulescens, adulescentis, m. youth; young man (noun): adolescense adulescentia, adulescentiae, f. youth (noun): adolescence advenio, advenire, adveni, adventum to come; arrive, reach (verb): advene, advent, adventist adversus, a, um opposite, adversary (adjective): adverse, adversity aedificium, aedificii, n. building, structure (noun): edifice, edify aequus, a, um level, even; calm; equal, just (adjective): equal, equate, equity aes, aeris, n. bronze (noun): aerose aestimo, aestimare, aestimavi, aestimatum to consider, esteem; to judge (verb): esteem aetas, aetatis, f. period, time of life, age (noun): eternal, eternity aeternus, a, um eternal (adjective): eternal, eternity affero, afferre, attuli, allatus to bring to; carry; produce (verb): afferent ager, agri, m. field (noun): acre, agral aggredior, aggredi, aggressus sum approach, advance; attack; undertake (verb): aggressive, aggressor ago, agere, egi, actum to drive, lead, do, act; pass, spend (time) (verb): navigate, transaction ago, agere, egi, actus drive, urge, conduct; deliver (speech) (verb): act, active, agent, agile, agitate agricola, agricolae, m. farmer (noun): agriculture alius, alia, aliud other, another (adjective): alias, aliety, else alo, alere, alui, altum to nourish, support, sustain (verb): altricial alter, altera, alterum the other (of two); second (adjective): alter, alterate ambulo, ambulare, ambulavi, ambulatum to walk (verb): ambulation, preambulate amica, amicae, f. friend (noun): amicable amicitia, amicitiae, f. friendship (noun): amity amicus, a, um friendly (adjective): amicable, amity amicus, amici, m. friend (noun): amicable amo, amare, amavi, amatum to love, like (verb): amateur, amiable, amity, amicable, amorous amor, amoris, m. love (noun): amorous anima, animae, f. soul, spirit (noun): animism, animal animadverto, animadvertere, animadverti, animadversum pay attention to, attend to; notice, observe (verb): animadversion, animadvert animal, animalis, n. animal (noun): animal, animalist animi, animorum, m. pride, high spirits, courage (noun): animated animus, animi, m. soul, spirit (noun): animate, animist, unanimous annus, anni, m. year (noun): annual, annuity ante + acc. before, in front of (preposition): antebellum antiquus, a, um ancient (adjective): antiquity aperio, aperire, aperui, apertum uncover, open, disclose (verb): aperture, overt

appareo, apparere, apparui, apparitum appear, show up, occur (verb): apparent, appear appello, appellare, appellavi, appellatum to call, name (verb): appellation, appellate aqua, aquae, f. water (noun): aquatic, aquapark arbitror, arbitrari, arbitratus sum to judge, think (verb): arbiter, arbitrary arbor, arboris, f. tree (noun): arboral, arborist argumentum, argumenti, n. proof, evidence, argument (noun): argument, argumentation arma, armorum, n. arms, weapons (noun): arms, armory, army ars, artis, f. skill, art (noun): art, artful, artistic, artisan as, assis, m. an as (ancient coin) (noun): as asper, aspera, asperum rough, harsh, bitter (adjective): asperity, exasperate Athenae, Athenarum, f. Athens (noun): Athens auctor, auctoris, m. author, originator; supporter (noun): author, auctorial, authority audax, audacis bold, daring; courageous; rash (adjective): audacious audeo, audere, ausus sum to dare (verb): audacity, audacious audio, audire, audivi, auditum to hear (verb): audio, audience auditor, auditoris, m. listener, hearer (noun): auditory aura, aurae breeze, wind, air; vapor (noun): aura aureus, a, um golden; gilded; beautiful (adjective): aureate, auric auris, auris, f. ear (noun): ear (cognate), aural aurum, auri, n. gold; riches (noun): aureate, auric auxilium, auxilii, n. aid, help (noun): auxiliary avarus, a, um greedy, avaricious (adjective): avarice, avaricious averto, avertere, averti, aversum to avert, turn away (verb): avert, aversion basium, basii, n. kiss (noun): basiate beatus, a, um happy, fortunate, blessed (adjective): beatify bellum, belli, n. war (noun): bellicose, belliferous, rebel, antebellum bellus, a, um pretty, handsome (adjective): belladonna, beauty, belle bene well, satisfactorily, quite (adverb): benediction beneficium, beneficii, n. benefit, kindness, favor (noun): beneficial, beneficiary bibo, bibere, bibi to drink (verb): imbibe, bibition bonus, a, um good; kind (adjective): bonus, bonify brevis, breve short, brief (adjective): breve, brief, brevity cado, cadere, cecidi, casum to fall (verb): decadence, incident caecus, a, um blind (adjective): cecity (obsolete) caelum, caeli, n. heaven, sky (noun): celestial Caesar, Caesaris, m. Caesar (noun): Kaiser, tsar calamitas, calamitatis disaster, calamity (noun): calamity, calamitous campus, campi m. plain, level field, surface (noun): camp, campaign, champion candidus, a, um shining, bright, white; beautiful (adjective): candid, candidate cano, canere, cecini, cantum sing, celebrate, chant; recite (verb): cantata, chant, enchant capio, capere, cepi, captum to capture, take, get (verb): capture, perception caput, capitis, n. head; leader; beginning (noun): capitulate, capitol careo, carere, carui, cariturum to be without, lack, be deprived from (verb): carency (obsolete) carmen, carminis, n. poem, song (noun): charm carpo, carpere, carpsi, carptum to harvest, pluck, seize (verb): carp, excerpt Carthago, Carthaginis, f. Carthage (noun): Carthage, Carthaginian carus, a, um dear (adjective): caress, charity casa, casae, f. house (noun): casino casus, casus f. fall, overthrow; chance; accident (noun): case, casual causa + gen. for the sake of, on account of (preposition): cause, causal, causation causa, causae, f. cause, reason; case, situation (noun): cause, causal, causation cedo, cedere, cessi, cessum to go, withdraw; yield to, grant, submit (verb): cease, cession, secede, recede celer, celeris, celere swift, quick (adjective): celerity celeritas, celeritatis f. speed, quickness; speed of action, haste (noun): celerity cella, cellae f. room; storeroom (noun): cell, cellar

celo, celare, celavi, celatum conceal; disguise; keep in the dark (verb): cell, cellar, conceal, occult cena, cenae, f. dinner (noun): cenacle ceno, cenare, cenavi, cenatum to dine (verb): cenation, cenacle centum hundred (adjective): centenial, cent, percent, centipede cerno, cernere, crevi, cretum to distinguish, discern, perceive (verb): concern, discern certus, a, um definite, sure, certain (adjective): certain ceteri, ceterae, cetera the remaining, the rest, the other, all the others (adjective): et cetera cingo, cingere, cinxi, cinctum to surround, gird; equip (verb): ceinture, precinct civis, civis, m. & f. citizen (noun): civil, civilian, civic, city civitas, civitatis, f. state, citizenship (noun): civity, civilian, civilization clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatum to proclaim, declare; shout out (verb): claim, exclaim, proclaim clarus, a, um clear, bright; famous, illustrious (adjective): clear, clarity, clarify clementia, clementiae, f. mercy, mildness, clemency (noun): clemency, clement cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatum to think (verb): cogitation, cogitable, precogitate cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitum to learn, recognize; know (perf. tenses) (verb): cognition, cognizance cogo, cogere, coegi, coactum to drive together, bring together, force, compel (verb): coact, cogent colloquor, colloqui, collocutus sum to speak with; talk over (verb): colloquial, collocution comes, comitis comrade, companion (noun): comestible, comitatus committo, committere, commisi, commissum to entrust, commit; join (verb): commit, commission communis, commune common, general (adjective): common, community comprehendo, comprehendere, comprehensi, comprehensum to grasp, seize, arrest;comprehend, understand (verb): comprehend, comprehension condo, condere, condidi, conditum to put together, store; found, establish (verb): condition confero, conferre, contuli, collatum to bring together, compare; to go (+reflex.) (verb): confer, conference conficio, conficere, confeci, confectum to make, complete, accomplish; do thoroughly (verb): comfit, confecture, conficient confiteor, confiteri, confessus sum to confess, admit, acknowledge, reveal (verb): confess, confession, confide coniunx, coniugis c. spouse; husband, wife (noun): conjugal coniuratus, coniurati, m. conspirator (noun): conjurate (obsolete) conor, conari, conatus sum to try, attempt (verb): conation, conatus conservo, conservare, conservavi, conservatum to preserve, conserve, maintain (verb): conservation, conservative consilium, consilii, n. plan, purpose; advice (noun): consul, consiliary, counsel constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutum to set up; locate; decide, resolve; establish (verb): constitute, constitution consul, consulis, m. consul (noun): consul, consulate consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptum to consume, use up (verb): consume, consumption contemno, contemnere, contempsi, contemptum to despise, condemn (verb): condemn, condemnation contendo, contendere, contendi, contentum to strive, struggle, contend; hasten (verb): contend, contention contineo, continere, continui, contentum to contain (verb): contain, container, content contra + acc. against (preposition): contrast, contraverse, contraband contundo, contundere, contudi, contusum to beat, crush, bruise, destroy (verb): contuse, contusion copia, copiae, f. abundance, supply (noun): copious copiae, copiarum, f. troops, forces (noun): copious cornu, cornus, n. horn (noun): cornucopia, corn, cornual, unicorn

corona, coronae f. crown, garland; wealth (noun): crown, coronal corpus, corporis, n. body (noun): corpse, corporal, corporation, incorporate cras tomorrow (adverb): procrastinate credo, credere, credidi, creditum to believe, trust (verb): credible, credence, creed creo, creare, creavi, creatum to create (verb): create, recreate, creature cresco, crescere, crevi, cretum to increase (verb): crescent, cresdendo, increase crudelis, crudele cruel, severe; harsh, bitter (noun): crude, cruel culpa, culpae, f. fault, blame (noun): culpable, exculpate culpo, culpare, culpavi, culpatum to blame, censure (verb): culpable, exculpate cum + abl. with (preposition): vademecum cum + subj. when, since, although (conjunction): combine, cum laude cupiditas, cupiditatis, f. desire, longing, passion (noun): cupidity cupido, cupidinis, f. desire, passion (noun): cupid, cupidinous cupidus, a, um desirous, eager, fond;desirous of,eager for(+gen.) (adjective): cupid, cupidity cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitum to desire, wish, long for (verb): cupid, concupiscence cura, curae, f. care, attention; love; anxiety (noun): "care, manicure, secure, sinecure (""without care"")" curo, curare, curavi, curatum to care for, attend to; heal, cure; take care (verb): cure, curator curro, currere, cucurri, cursum to run, rush (verb): current, concourse cursus, cursus, m. running, race, course (noun): course, concourse custodia, custodiae, f. protection, custody; pl., guards (noun): custody custos, custodis c. to guard, watch; keeperl jailer (noun): custodian damno, damnare, damnavi, damnatum to condemn, harm; find fault (verb): damn, damnable, indemn dea, deae, f. goddess (noun): deity, deify debeo, debere, debui, debitum to owe; ought (verb): debt decerno, decernere, decrevi, decretum to decree; to separate (verb): decern, decree, dectetion decorus, a, um beautiful; adorned; proper, noble (adjective): decor, decorate dedico, dedicare, dedicavi, dedicatum to dedicate (verb): dedicate, dedication defendo, defendere, defendi, defensum to ward off, defend, protect (verb): defend, defence defero, deferre, detuli, delatum to carry off; transfer; reduce; offer (verb): defer, deference delectatio, delectationis, f. delight, pleasure, enjoyment (noun): delight, delectable delecto, delectare, delectavi, delectatum to delight, charm, please (verb): delight, delectable deleo, delere, delevi, deletum to destroy, wipe out, erase (verb): delete, delition deligo, deligere, delegi, delectum to choose, select; enrol (verb): delectus demens, dementis demented, mad; foolish (adjective): demented, dementia demonstro, demonstrare, demonstravi, demonstratum to point out, show, demonstrate (verb): demonstrate desidero, desiderare, desideravi, desideratum to desire, long for, miss (verb): desire, desideratum, desirable desino, desinere, desivi, desitum to give up; abandon, cease, desist (verb): desition deterreo, deterrere, deterrui, deterritum to deter; frighten away, discourage (verb): deter, deterrent deus, dei, m. god (noun): deity dexter, dextra, dextrum right, right-hand (adjective): dexter, dexterity, ambidexter dico, dicere, dixi, dictum to say, speak (verb): dictate, diction, dedicate dies, diei, m. day (noun): day (cognate), diary differo, differre, distuli, dilatum to differ; delay; disperse (verb): differ, difference difficilis, difficile difficult (adjective): difficult digitus, digiti, m. finger, toe (noun): digit, digital dignitas, dignitatis, f. merit, prestige, dignity (noun): dignity dignus, a, um + abl. worthy, worthy of (adjective): dignity, dignify diligens, diligentis diligent, careful (adjective): diligence, diligent diligentia, diligentiae f. diligencee, care; frugality (noun): diligence, diligent diligo, diligere, dilexi, dilectum to esteem, love (verb): delight, predelection, delectable

discedo, discedere, discessi, discessum to go away, depart (verb): decease, discess, discession discipula, discipulae, f. student (female) (noun): disciple, discipline discipulus, discipuli, m. student (noun): disciple, discipline disco, discere, didici to teach (verb): disciple dissimilis, dissimile unlike, different, dissimilar (adjective): dissimilar dives, divitis (ditis) rich (adjective): divitism divitiae, divitiarum, f. wealth, riches (noun): divitiate (obsolete) do, dare, dedi, datum to give (verb): data, dative, donate doceo, docere, docui, doctum to teach (verb): docile, doctor doctus, a, um taught, learned, skilled (adjective): doctor, docile doleo, dolere, dolui, doliturum to grieve, suffer; hurt, give pain (verb): dolent, indolence, condole dolor, doloris, m. pain, grief (noun): dolor, dolorous domi at home (adverb): domestic domina, dominae, f. mistress, lady (noun): dominate, dominant dominus, domini, m. master, lord (noun): dominate, dominant domo from home (adverb): domestic domum to home (adverb): domestic domus, domus, f. house, home (noun): domestic donum, doni, n. gift (noun): donate, doniferous dormio, dormire, dormivi, dormitum to sleep (verb): dormitory, dormant dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatum to doubt, hesitate (verb): doubt, dubitable dubium, dubii n doubt, question (noun): dubious, doubt dubius, a, um doubtful, dubious, uncertain (adjective): dubious, doubt duco, ducere, duxi, ductum to lead; consider, regard (verb): duct, induce, produce dulcis, dulce sweet, pleasant, agreeable (adjective): dulcify duo, duae, duo two (adjective): two (cognate) durus, a, um hard, harsh, rough, stern, unfeeling (adjective): durable, perdure dux, ducis, m. leader, guide, commander, general (noun): duke, doge, ducal educo, educare, educavi, educatum to bring up, educate; bring out (verb): educate effero, efferre, extuli, elatum to carry out; bring out; raise (verb): elate, elation egeo, egere, egui + abl. to need, lack, want (verb): egence (rare) ego, mei I (pronoun): ego, egotistic egredior, egredi, egressus sum to go out (verb): egress, egredient (obsolete) elephantus, elephanti, m. elephant (noun): elephant, elephantine emo, emere, emi, emptum to buy; gain, obtain (verb): emptor, emporium, emptitious (obsolete) eo, ire, ivi (ii), itum to go (verb): exit, circuit equus, equi, m. horse (noun): equestrian, equine eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptum to snatch away, take away; rescue (verb): ereption erro, errare, erravi, erratum to wander, err, go astray (verb): error, erroneous est is (verb): essence et and (conjunction): "et cetera (""and so on"")" ex (e) +abl. out of, from; on account of (preposition): excavate, exit excipio, excipere, excepi, exceptum to take out, except; take, receive, capture (verb): except, excipient (obsolete) exemplar, exemplaris n. model, pattern, example; copy (noun): exemplar, example exemplum, exempli n/ sample, specimen, representative; model (noun): example exeo, exire, exii, exitum to go out, exit (verb): exit exercitus, exercitus, m. army (noun): exercise, exercite (obsolete) exigo, exigere, exegi, exactum to drive out, force out; exact; complete, perfect (verb): exact, exigent, exiguous exiguus, a, um small; meager; poor (adjective): exiguous, exiguity exitium, exitii, n. destruction, ruin (noun): exit exorior, exoriri, exortus sum to come out; bring; appear; rise (verb): exortion expello, expellere, expuli, expulsum to drive out, expel, banish (verb): expell

experior, experiri, expertus sum to try, test, experience (verb): experience, expert expleo, explere, explevi, expletum to fill, fill up, complete (verb): expletory explico, explicare, explicavi, explicatum to unfold, explain; spread out, deploy (verb): explicate expono, exponere, exposui, expositum to set forth, explain, expose (verb): expose, exponible, exponent exsilium, exsilii, n. exile, banishment (noun): exile exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatum to look for, expect, await (verb): expect fabula, fabulae, f. story, tale, fable (noun): fable, fabulist, fabular facile easily (adverb): facile, facility, facilitate facilis, facile easy, agreeable (adjective): facile, facility, facilitate facio, facere, feci, factum to make, do, accomplish (verb): facsimile, fact factum, facti, n. deed, act (noun): fact fama, famae, f. rumor, report; fame; reputation (noun): fame, famouse familia, familiae, f. family, household (noun): family, familiar fateor, fateri, fassus sum to confess, admit (verb): fassion (obsolete), profess, confess fatigo, fatigare, fatigavi, fatigatum to weary, tire out (verb): fatigue fatum, fati, n. fate, death (noun): fate, fatal faveo, favere, favi, fautum to favor, befriend, support, back up (verb): favor, favorable felix, felicis lucky, fortunate, happy (adjective): felicity, felicitate femina, feminae, f. woman (noun): feminine, effeminate, female fenestra, fenestrae, f. window (noun): fenestral (obsolete), defenestrate fero, ferre, tuli, latum to bear, carry, bring; suffer, endure; say, report (verb): refer, defer, confer ferox, ferocis fierce, savage (adjective): ferocious, ferocity ferrum, ferri, n. iron; sword (noun): ferreous fidelis, fidele faithful, loyal (adjective): fidelity, infidel fides, fidei, f. faith, trust, fidelity, promise, guarantee (noun): fidelity, fideist, bona fide figura, figurae f. shape, form, figure, image; beauty (noun): fugure, transfigure, configuration filia, filiae, f. daughter (noun): filial, filicide filius, filii, m. son (noun): filiety, filial fines, finium, m. boundaries, territory (noun): finish, finite, infinity finis, finis, m. end, limit, boundary, purpose (noun): finish, finite fio, fieri, factus sum to occur, happen, become; be made, be done (verb): fiat firmus, a, um firm, strong, reliable (adjective): firm, affirm flamma, flammae f. flame, blaze; ardor; object of love; (noun): flame, flammable flumen, fluminis, n. river (noun): flume, fluminal (obsolete) fluo, fluere, fluxi, fluxum to flow (verb): fluxm fluid, affluent, influx foedus, foederis n. treaty, agreement, contract; league (noun): federation, federal for, fari, fatus sum to speak, talk, foretell (verb): confess, facundity foris outdoors, outside (adverb): forum forma, formae, f. form, shape, beauty (noun): form, formation, conform, formose fortis, forte strong, brave (adjective): force, fortify fortuna, fortunae, f. fortune, luck (noun): fortune fortunatus, a, um fortunate (adjective): fortune, fortunate forum, fori, n. marketplace, forum (noun): forum foveo, fovere, fovi, fotum to cherish (verb): fovent, foment frater, fratris, m. brother (noun): fraternity, friar, fraternal, fraternize, fratricide frigidus, a, um cold, cool, chilly, frigid; lifeless (adjective): fridgid fructus, fructus, m. fruit (noun): fruit, fructify fuga, fugae f. flight; escape; exhile (noun): fugitive fugio, fugere, fugi, fugiturum to flee, hurry away (verb): fugitive, refuge fulgeo, fulgere, fulsi to flash, shine; glow, gleam (verb): fulgent, fulgently fulgor, fulgoris n. lightening, flash; brightness, glory (noun): fulgour (obsolete), fulgorous furtim stealthily, secretly (adverb): furtive gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum to be glad, rejoice (verb): gaudibund (obsolete) gaudium, gaudii n. joy (noun): gaudy, gaudious (obsolete)

geminus, a, um twin (adjective): geminate, gemination gens, gentis, f. clan, race, nation, people (noun): generation genu, genus, n. knee (noun): genual, genuflect, knee (cognate) genus, generis, n. origin, kind, sort, class (noun): generic, generate gero, gerere, gessi, gestum to carry, manage, conduct; accomplish (verb): belligerant, gesture, suggest gladius, gladii m. sword (noun): gladiolus, gladiator gloria, gloriae, f. glory, fame (noun): glory, glorify gracilis, gracile slender, thin; poor (adjective): grace gradior, gradi, gressus sum to walk, go, advance (verb): gradient, digress gratus, a, um pleasing, agreeable; grateful (adjective): grace, gratify, gratitude gravis, grave heavy, serious, important, grievous (adjective): grave, gravity, aggreviate habeo, habere, habui, habitum to have, hold, possess (verb): habit, have (cognate) hasta, hastae, f. spear (noun): hastiform, hastile (botany) hic, haec, hoc this (adjective): haeceity hodie today (adverb): hodiern homo, hominis, m. man, human (noun): homicide, hominoid honestus, a, um distinguished, reputable, respected; worthy (adjective): honest, honesty honor, honoris, m. honor, esteem; public office (noun): honor, honorable hora, horae, f. hour (noun): hour horridus, a, um wild, frightful, rough; unkempt (adjective): horrid, horridly, horrify hortor, hortari, hortatus sum to encourage, urge (verb): exhort, exhortation hospes, hospitis m. host; guest, visitor, stranger (noun): host, hospitable hostis, hostis, m. an enemy; pl., the enemy (noun): host, hosticide, hostile humanus, a, um human (adjective): human, humanist humilis, humile lowly, humble (adjective): humility, humiliate humus, humi, f. ground, earth, soil (noun): humble, exhume, posthumous iaceo, iacere, iacui to lie, lie prostrate, lie dead (verb): adjacent iacio, iacere, ieci, iactum to throw, hurl (verb): eject ianua, ianuae, f. door (noun): janitor ibi there (adverb): ibidem idem, eadem, idem the same (adjective): identity, identify, identical idoneus, a, um suitable, fit, appropriate (adjective): idoneity ignis, ignis, m. fire (noun): ignite, ignition ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi, ignotum + dat. to grant pardon to, forgive (verb): ignoscible (obsolete) ille, illa, illud that (adjective): illeism immortalis, immortale immortal (adjective): immortal, immortality impedio, impedire, impedivi, impeditum to impede, hinder, prevent (verb): impede imperator, imperatoris, m. general, commander-in-chief (noun): emperator imperium, imperii, n. power to command, authority, command, control (noun): empire, emperor impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatum + dat. to give orders to, command (verb): imperative, emperor impius, a, um wicked, impious, irreverent (adjective): impious, impiety impleo, implere, implevi, impletum to fill up, satisfy; finish (verb): implement, implete in + abl. in, on (preposition): in (cognate) in + acc. into, toward; against (preposition): introduce, impose incertus, a, um uncertain, doubtful (adjective): uncertain incipio, incipere, incepi, inceptum to begin (verb): inception, incipient incola, incolae m. inhabitant (noun): incolary (obsolete) incolo, incolere, incolui to live, dwell; to inhabit (verb): incolant (obsolete) indignus, a, um unworthy, undeserving, shameful (noun): indignity, indignant ineo, inire, inii, initum to go in, enter (verb): inition (rare) infelix, infelicis unfortunate, unhappy, wretched (adjective): infelicity infero, inferre, intuli, inlatum bring in, import; inflict (verb): infer, inferrance infirmus, a, um not strong, weak, feeble (adjective): infirmity

ingenium, ingenii, n. nature, innate talent (noun): ingenious, ingenuity ingens, ingentis huge (adjective): ingent (obsolete) ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum advance, walk; enter, go into; begin (verb): ingress, ingredient, ingressive inimicitia, inimicitiae f. unfriendliness, enmity, hostility (noun): enmity, inimicable inimicus, a, um enemy, foe (adjective): enemy, inimicable initium, initii, n. beginning, commencement (noun): initial, initiation iniuria, iniuriae, f. injustice, injury, wrong (noun): injury insidiae, insidiarum, f. ambush, plot, treachery (noun): insidiary, insidious instituo, instituere, institui, institutum to set up, establish, make, institute; build (verb): institute insula, insulae, f. island (noun): isle, insular, insulate intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectum to understand (verb): intelligent intendo, intendere, intendi, intentum to hold out; stretch, strain, exert (verb): intend, intensive inter + acc. between, among (preposition): intermission, interstate interest, interesse, interfuit it concerns, it interests (verb): interest interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectum to kill, murder (verb): interfection (rare) invado, invadere, invasi, invasum enter, attempt; invade (verb): invade, invasion invenio, invenire, inveni, inventum to come upon, find (verb): invent invideo, invidere, invidi, invisum to look at with envy, envy, be jealous of (verb): invidious invidia, invidiae, f. envy, jealousy, hatred (noun): invidious invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatum to invite, summon (verb): invite ipse, ipsa, ipsum -self (intensive) (pronoun): ipseity, solipsism ira, irae, f. anger, ire (noun): irate, ire iratus, a, um angry (adjective): ire, irate iter, itineris, n. road, route, journey (noun): itinerary iterum again (adverb): iterate iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussum to bid, order, command (verb): jussive iucundus, a, um pleasant, delightful, agreeable (adjective): jucund (obsolete) iudex, iudicis, m. judge, juror (noun): judge, judicial iudicium, iudicii, n. judgement, decision, opinion; trial (noun): judgement, judiciary iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctum to join (verb): join, junction, yoke (cognate) ius, iuris, n. right, justice, law (noun): just, justice, juror iussum, iussi n. command, order (noun): jussive iustus, a, um just, right (adjective): just, justify iuvo, iuvare, iuvi, iutum to help (verb): juvate labor, labi, lapsus sum slip, slip and fall; slide (verb): lapse, collapse labor, laboris, m. work, labor (noun): labor laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratum to labor, be in distress (verb): labor, laborious, labouring lacrima, lacrimae, f. tear (noun): lachrymose, lachrymal laetus, a, um happy, cheerful (adjective): laetable (obsolete) Latinus, a, um Latin (adjective): Latin, latinize laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatum to praise (verb): laudatory, laudable, laudify laus, laudis, f. praise (noun): laudify lector, lectoris, m. reader (noun): lector, lectorate lectrix, lectricis, f. reader (female) (noun): lectrice, lectorate legatus, legati m. legate, envoy (noun): legate, delegate lego, legere, legi, lectum to pick out, choose; read (verb): lectore, legate, collect levis, leve light, slight, easy, trivial (adjective): levity, alleve, relieve lex, legis, f. law, statute (noun): legislation, legal libellus, libelli, m. little book (noun): libel liber, libera, liberum free (adjective): liberty, liberate liber, libri, m. book (noun): library liberalis, liberale relating to a free person, decent, generous (adjective): liberal, liberate libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatum to free, liberate (verb): liberate, liberty, liberal libertas, libertatis, f. liberty, freedom (noun): liberty, liberal

libo, libare, libavi, libatum to pour a libation; to pour ritually; to sip (verb): libation licet, licere, licuit it is permitted, one may (verb): videlicet, scilicet limen, liminis, n. threshold (noun): preliminary, eliminate, sublime lingua, linguae, f. tongue; language (noun): language, linguist littera, litterae, f. letter (of alphabet) (noun): letter, literature. Literate litterae, litterarum, f. letter, literature (noun): literature litus, litoris, n. shore, coast (noun): littoral loca, locorum, n. places, region (noun): local, locality, localize locus, loci, m. place; passage (in literature) (noun): local, locality, localize longus, a, um long; a long period of time (adjective): long, longevity, prolongate loquor, loqui, locutus sum to say, speak, tell (verb): locution, eloquent ludus, ludi, m. game, sport; school (noun): prelude, interlude lumen, luminis n. light (noun): luminous luna, lunae, f. moon (noun): lunar, lunatic lux, lucis, f. light; daylight (noun): Lucifer, lucific magister, magistri, m. teacher (male) (noun): master, magisterial, magistricide magistra, magistrae, f. teacher (female) (noun): master, magisterial, magistricide magnanimus, a, um great-hearted, brave, magnanimous (adjective): magnanimous magnus, a, um great, large (adjective): magnate, magnify maior, maius greater, older (adjective): major, mayor, majority, majorat maiores, maiorum ancestors (noun): majority (as in 'join the majority', to die) male badly (adverb): malefact, malpractice, malevolent malus, a, um bad, wicked, evil (adjective): malfunction, dismal maneo, manere, mansi, mansum to remain, stay (verb): remain, manor, permanent manus, manus, f. hand; team, band of soldiers (noun): manual, manuscript, manipulate mare, maris, n. sea (noun): marine, maritime mater, matris, m. mother (noun): mother (cognate), maternal, maternity maximus, a, um greatest (adjective): maximum, maximize medica, medicae, f. doctor (noun): medic, medicine, medicate medicus, medici, m. doctor (noun): medic, medicine, medicate mediocris, mediocre ordinary, moderate, mediocre (adjective): mediocre, mediocrity medius, a, um middle (adjective): media, medium, middle, mediate melior, melius better (adjective): meliorism, meliorate, ameliorate memini, meminisse to remember (verb): memento memor, memoris rememgering, mindful (adjective): memoral, memory, remember memoria, memoriae, f. memory (noun): memory, memorial mens, mentis, f. mind, thought; intention (noun): mental, mentality mensa, mensae, f. table (noun): mensa (ecclesiastic), commensal merus, a, um pure, undiluted (adjective): mere meta, metae, f. turning post, goal (noun): mete metus, metus, m. fear, anxiety (noun): meticulous meus, a, um my (adjective): my (cognate) miles, militis, m. soldier (noun): military, militia, militant mille, milia thousand (adjective): millenium, millepede minimus, a, um smallest, least (adjective): minimum, minimize minor, minus smaller, less (adjective): minor, minority minuo, minuere, minui, minutum to lessen, diminish (verb): minute, diminish, minution mirabilis, mirabile amazing, wondrous, remarkable (adjective): mirabilia, marvel miror, mirari, miratus sum to marvel at, admire, wonder (verb): mirror, admire, miracle misceo, miscere, miscui, mixtum to mix (verb): miscellaneous, mix, promiscuous miser, misera, miserum miserable, wretched (adjective): miser, miserable, misery misereor, misereri, miseritus sum to pity, feel sorry for; view with compassion (verb): misery, commiserate miseret, miserere, miserit it distresses/grieves me (verb): misery, commiserate mitto, mittere, misi, missum to send (verb): mission, transmit modus, modi, m. measure, bound, limit; manner, method, mode (noun): mode, modal,

accommodate moenia, moenium, n. city walls, ramparts (noun): munition, munite (obsolete) molior, moliri, molitus sum to work at, build, undertake, plan (verb): molition, amolition (obsolete) mollio, mollire, mollivi, mollitum to soften; make calm (verb): mollient, molliable (obsolete) moneo, monere, monui, monitum to warn, advise (verb): admonish, monitor mons, montis, m. mountain (noun): mountain, mountiform monstro, monstrare, monstravi, monstratum to show; point out, reveal; advise, teach (verb): monster, monstrate, demonstrate monumentum, monumenti, n. monument (noun): monument, monumental mora, morae, f. delay (noun): moratory morbus, morbi, m. disease, illness (noun): morbid morior, mori, mortuus sum to die (verb): morient, commorient moror, morari, moratus sum to delay; stay, stay behind; devote attention to (verb): demur, immoration (obsolete) mors, mortis, f. death (noun): mortal, mortify, mortician mortalis, mortale mortal (adjective): mortal, mortality mortuus, a, um dead (adjective): mortal mos, moris, m. habit, custom, manner; pl., character (noun): moral moveo, movere, movi, motum to move; affect (verb): move, motion, motive, motivation mulier, mulieris, f. woman (noun): mulierous multum much (adverb): multi-purpose multus, a, um much, many (adjective): multeity, multiplex mundus, mundi, m. world, universe (noun): mundane munio, munire, munivi, munitum to fortify; strengthen; protect, defend; build (verb): munition, munify muto, mutare, mutavi, mutatum to change, alter, exchange (verb): mutate narro, narrare, narravi, narratum to tell, report; narrate (verb): narrator, narrative nascor, nasci, natus sum to be born; spring forth, arise (verb): nation, renascent, enascent nasus, nasi, m. nose (noun): nose (cognate), nasal nata, natae, f. daughter (noun): native natura, naturae, f. nature (noun): nature, natural natus, nati m. son, child (noun): innate nauta, nautae, m. sailor (noun): nautical navigo, navigare, navigavi, navigatum to sail (verb): navigate navis, navis, f. ship, boat (noun): navigation, naval, navy ne not; in order thatnot, thatnot; lest (conjunction): not (cognate) necesse necessary, inevitable (adjective): necessary, necessitude neco, necare, necavi, necatum to murder, kill (verb): enecate (obsolete) neglego, neglegere, neglexi, neglectum to neglect (verb): neglect nego, negare, negavi, negatum to deny, say not (verb): negate, negative nemus, nemoris n. wood, forest (noun): nemoral nepos, nepotis, m. grandson, descendant (noun): nepotism nescio, nescire, nescivi, nescitum not to know, be ignorant (verb): nescient neuter, neutra, neutrum neither (adjective): neutral, neutralize nihil nothing (noun): annihilate, nihilism, nil nihilum, nihili n. nothing (noun): nihilism, annihilate nimis too, too much (adverb): nimiety nimium too, too much (adverb): nimiety nisi if not; unless (conjunction): nisi (law) noceo, nocere, nocui, nocitum + dat. to do harm to, harm, injure (verb): nocuous, nocent, innocent nolo, nolle, nolui to notwish, be unwilling (verb): nolens volens, nolition (obsolete) nomen, nominis, n. name (noun): nominate, name, nominal nosco, noscere to get to know; learn, find out; recognize (verb): know (cognate), noscible, notion

noster, nostra, nostrum our (adjective): nostratic, paternoster notus, a, um well known, familiar; esteemed (adjective): notable, noted novus, a, um new; last (adjective): new (cognate), novice, novel, renovate nox, noctis, f. night (noun): equinox, nocturnal, night (cognate) noxa, noxae f. harm, injury (noun): noxious, obnoxious, noxal nubes, nubis, f. cloud (noun): nubia, nubiferous nubo, nubere, nupsi, nuptum to cover, veil; to be married to, marry (+ dat.) (verb): nubile, nuptial nullus, a, um no, none (adjective): nullify numen, numinis n. divinity, divine will (noun): numen, numinal (rare) numerus, numeri, m. number (noun): numerical, numerate nunc now (adverb): now (cognate) nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatum to announce, report, relate (verb): nunciation (obsolete), announce nutrix, nutricis f. nurse (noun): nutrice (rare), nutritious ob (with Acc.) on account of, for the sake of, for (preposition): obtain, obtest obeo, obire, obii, obitum to go up against, meet; die (verb): obituary obitus, obitus m downfall, death, setting (of the sun) (noun): obituary oblecto, oblectare, oblectavi, oblectatum to please, amuse, delight; pass time pleasantly (verb): oblectate (rare) obliviscor, oblivisci, oblitus sum to forget (verb): oblivion obsto, obstare, obstiti, obstatum to oppose, hinder (verb): obstant, obstacle occasio, occasionis, f. occasion, opportunity (noun): occasion, occasional occido, occidere, occidi, occasum to fall down; die; set (verb): occidental occulte secretly (adverb): occult, occultism oculus, oculi, m. eye (noun): ocular odi, odisse, osurum to hate (verb): odious odium, odii, n. hatred (noun): odium, odious offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatum to offer (verb): offer, offertory officium, officii, n. duty, service (noun): office, officer, officiate omnis, omne every, all (adjective): omnipresence, omnibus opinio, opinionis f. opinion (noun): opinion, opinionated opinor, opinari, opinatus sum to suppose (verb): opinion, opinionated oportet, oportere, oportuit it is proper, right, necessary (verb): opportune oppidum, oppidi n. town (noun): oppidan opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressum to suppress, overwhelm, overpower, check (verb): oppress oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatum to fight against, attack, assault, assail (verb): oppugn, oppugnant ops, opis, f. help, aid; pl., resources, power, wealth (noun): opulence, copious optimus, a, um best (adjective): optimal, optimism opto, optare, optavi, optatum to choose, select; wish, desire; (verb): opt, option opus, operis, n. work, task; deed, accomplishment (noun): opus, operary, operation oratio, orationis, f. speech (noun): oration, orator orator, oratoris, m. orator, speaker (noun): orator, oratory, oration orbis, orbis n. circle, territory; region (noun): orb, orbit orior, oriri, ortus sum to rise, arise; spring from, appear (verb): origin, exort (obsolete) orno, ornare, ornavi, ornatum to equip, furnish, adorn (verb): orn (obsolete), ornate oro, orare, oravi, oratum to speak, plead; beg, beseech, entreat (verb): oration, perorate, oratory ortus, ortus m. rise, origin; birth; source (noun): ortive (obsolete) os, oris, n. mouth (noun): oral osculum, osculi, n. kiss (noun): osculate, osculatory ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentum to exhibit, show, display (verb): ostend (obsolete), ostentatious, ostensible otium, otii, n. leisure, peace (noun): otious

paene almost (adverb): peninsula, penultuma paenitet, paenitere, paenituit it displeases, makes angry, makes sorry (verb): penitent par, paris equal, like (adjective): par, parity parens, parentis, m./f. parent (noun): parent, parental paro, parare, paravi, paratum to prepare, provide, get, obtain (verb): prepare pars, partis, f. part, share; direction (noun): part, partial, party parvus, a, um small, little (adjective): parvule patefacio, patefacere, patefeci, patefactum to make open, open; disclose, expose (verb): patefaction (obsolete) pateo, patere, patui to be open, lie open, be accessible, be evident (verb): patent, patulous pater, patris, m. father (noun): father (cognate), patricide, paternal patientia, patientiae, f. suffering; patience, endurance (noun): patience, patient patior, pati, passus sum to suffer, endure, permit (verb): patience, patient, pass patria, patriae, f. fatherland, country (noun): patriot pauci, ae, a few (adjective): paucity paulus, a, um small, little (adjective): Paul pauper, pauperis poor (adjective): pauper, poor, poverty paupertas, paupertatis, f. poverty, humble circumstances (noun): pauper, poverty pax, pacis, f. peace (noun): peace, pacifist, pacable pectus, pectoris, n. breast, heart (noun): pectoral pecunia, pecuniae, f. money (noun): pecuniary, pecunial peior, peius worse (adjective): impair, pejorative pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsum to strike, push, drive out, banish (verb): pulse, repell, expell per + acc. through (preposition): pervade, perplex peregrinor, peregrinari, peregrinatus sum to travel abroad, wander (verb): peregrinate, peregrination pereo, perire, perii, peritum to pass away, be destroyed, perish (verb): perish perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectum to finish; execute; bring about, accomplish (verb): perfect, perfection, perficient (rare) periculum, periculi, n. danger (noun): peril pernocto, pernoctare, pernoctavi, pernoctatum to spend the night (verb): pernoctate, pernoctation, pernoctalian perpetuus, a, um eternal, perpetual, continuous (adjective): perpetual, perpetuate, perpetuiuty persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi, persuasum + dat. to make sweet to, persuade (verb): persuade pes, pedis, m. foot (noun): pedicure, pedestrian, biped pessimus, a, um worst (adjective): pessimism peto, petere, petivi, petitum to seek, aim at, beg, beseech (verb): petition, petitive, petulant philosophia, philosophiae, f. philosophy (noun): philosophy philosophus, philosophi, m. philosopher (noun): philospher, philosophy piger, pigra, pigrum lazy, slow (adjective): pigritious (obsolete) pius, a, um loyal, dutiful pious (adjective): pious, piety placeo, placere, placui, placitum + dat. to be pleasing to, please (verb): please, placid, pleasure plebs, plebis, f. the common people, populace, plebeians (noun): plebs, plebe, plebeian, plebiscitum plenus, a, um full (adjective): plenitude, complete plurimum most, very much (adverb): plural, plurality plurimus, a, um most (adjective): plural plus, pluris more (adjective): plus, plural poena, poenae, f. penalty, punishment (noun): penal, penalty poeta, poetae, m. poet (noun): poet, poetry polliceor, polliceri, pollicitus sum promise (verb): pollicitate (obsolete), policy pono, ponere, posui, positum to put, place, set (verb): pose, postpone, preposition populus, populi, m. people (noun): popular, populate porta, portae, f. gate, entrance, door (noun): port

porto, portare, portavi, portatum to carry, bring (verb): portable, porter possum, posse, potui to be able, can, have power (verb): posse, potence post + acc. after, behind (preposition): postmodern potens, potentis powerful, able, strong (adjective): potentate, potential prae + abl. in front of, before (preposition): preeminent, premature praebeo, praebere, praebui, praebitum to offer, provide (verb): prebition praefero, praeferre, praetuli, praelatum to carry in front of; offer; give preference to (verb): prefer praeficio, praeficere, praefeci, praefectus to put in charge (verb): prefect, prefecture praemium, praemii, n. reward (noun): premium, premiate (rare) praesto, praestare, praestiti, praestitum to excel; show, offer, supply, furnish (verb): prestation praesum, praeesse, praefui be in charge, be present (verb): to be present praeter + acc. besides, except (preposition): preternatural, preterea precor, precari, precatus sum beg, wish, pray (verb): prayer imprecate, precarious, precatory premo, premere, pressi, pressum to press, press hard, pursue (verb): press, pressure, compression pretium, pretii n. price, value (noun): price, precious primo at first, at the beginning (adverb): primary, prime primum at first, in the first place (adverb): primary, prime primus, a, um first (adjective): prime, primordial princeps, principis chief, foremost (adjective): prince, principal princeps, principis, m. leader, chief, emperor (noun): prince, principal principium, principii, n. beginning (noun): principle prior, prius former (adjective): prior, priority pristinus, a, um ancient; former, previous (adjective): pristine pro + abl. in front of, before, instead of, on behalf of (preposition): provisional, prorated probitas, probitatis, f. uprightness, honesty (noun): provbity probo, probare, probavi, probatum to test; approve; recommend (verb): probe, prove, approbate proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum to set out, start (verb): profection (rare), profectitious progredior, progredi, progressus sum to go, come forth, go forward, march forward (verb): progress, progression prohibeo, prohibere, prohibui, prohibitum to prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit (verb): prohibit, prohibition promitto, promittere, promisi, promissum to send forth; promise (verb): promise pronuntio, pronuntiare, pronuntiavi, pronuntiatum to pronounce, announce, proclaim (verb): pronounce propter + acc. on account of, because (preposition): propternuptial prosum, prodesse, profui to be useful, benefit, (with Dat.) (verb): product provincia, provinciae province (noun): province, provincial proximus, a, um nearest, next (adjective): proximity publicus, a, um public (adjective): public, publicize pudet, pudere, puduit, puditus est it shames, make ashamed (verb): pudent, impudent pudicus, a, um modest, chaste (adjective): pudicity puella, puellae, f. girl (noun): puellarity puer, pueri, m. boy; pl., children (noun): puerile pugno, pugnare, pugnavi, pugnatum to fight (verb): pugnatory, oppugn, repugn pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum beautiful, handsome (adjective): pulcherify, pulcheritude puto, putare, putavi, putatum to reckon, suppose, suppose, think, imagine (verb): putative, impute, dispute quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitum to seek, look for, strive for, ask, inquire (verb): quest, question, inquire qualis, quale what kind of (adjective): quality, qualify quam how (adverb): plusquamperfect quantus, a, um how large, how great, how much (adjective): quantity, quantify

quare wherefore, why, because of which (adverb): quary (obsolete) quasi as if, as it were (adverb): quasi -que and (enclitic): "filioque (""and from the Son"")" queror, queri, questus sum to complain, lament (verb): query, quarrel, querimony qui, quae, quod who, which, what, that (pronoun): quoddity, sine qua non, quib qui? quae? quod? what? which? what kind? (adjective): quiddity, quoddity quid what? (pronoun): quiddity quidam, quaedam, quiddam a certain one, thing;someone, something (pronoun): forensic quinque five (adjective): quintuplets quis, quid (indef.) anyone, anything, someone, something (pronoun): quiddity quis? quid? who? what? (pronoun): quiddity quoad as long as, as far as (conjunction): quoad, quoad hoc (to this extent) quot how many, as many as (adjective): quota, quotient, quotiety radius, radii m. ray, rod (noun): radio, radiant, radial rapio, rapere, rapui, raptum to seize, snatch, carry away (verb): rape, rapture ratio, rationis, f. reckoning, account, reason, judgment, manner (noun): rational recipio, recipere, recepi, receptum to take back, regain, admit, receive (verb): receipt, reception, receptor recito, recitare, recitavi, recitatum to recite (verb): recite. Recital recognosco, recognoscere, recognovi, recognitum to recognize, recollect (verb): recognize, recognition recreo, recreare, recreavi, recreatum to restore, revive; refresh, cheer (verb): recreate, recreation recuso, recusare, recusavi, recusatum to refuse (verb): recuse, recusation, irrecusable redeo, redire, redii, reditum to go back, return (verb): redient (rare), redition (rare) refero, referre, rettuli, relatum to carry back, bring back; repeat, answer (verb): refer, refery regina, reginae, f. queen (noun): reginist (obsolete) rego, regere, rexi, rectum to rule, guide, direct (verb): reign, region, regent relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictum to leave behind, leave, abandon, desert (verb): relinquish, relict, derelict remaneo, remanere, remansi, remansum to remain, stay (verb): remain, permanent remedium, remedii, n. cure, remedy (noun): remedy remissio, remissionis, f. letting go, release; relaxation (noun): remission, remit, remittance removeo, removere, removi, remotum move back; put away; withdraw; remove (verb): remove reperio, reperire, repperi, repertum to find, discover, learn, get (verb): reperible, repertorium requiesco, requiescere, requievi, requietum to rest (verb): requiescence, requiesce (rare) requiro, requirere, requisivi, requisitum to seek, ask for, miss, need, require (verb): require, requirement res publica, rei publicae, f. state, commonwealth, republic (noun): republic, republican res, rei, f. thing, matter, business, affair (noun): real, rebus, republic respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsum to answer (verb): respond retego, retegere, retexi, retectum to uncover, reveal (verb): retection (obsolete) reverto, revertere, reverti, reversum to turn back (verb): revert rex, regis, m. king (noun): regicide, regal rideo, ridere, risi, risum to laugh, laugh at (verb): ridicule, risible, deride ridiculus, a, um laughable, ridiculous (adjective): ridiculous, ridicule rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatum to ask (verb): rogation, interrogate, prerogatory Romanus, a, um Roman (adjective): romanize, romance (languages) ruina, ruinae f. ruin, destruction (noun): ruin rumor, rumoris, m. rumor, gossip (noun): rumor ruo, ruere, rui, rutus to fall, rush (verb): ruin rus, ruris, n. the country, countryside (noun): rustic, rural rusticor, rusticari, rusticatus sum to live in the country (verb): rusticate, rural sacerdos, sacerdotis, m. priest (noun): sacerdotal, sacerdocy saevus, a, um cruel (adjective): savage

sal, salis, m. salt; wit (noun): salt (cognate) salus, salutis, f. health, safety; greeting (noun): salute, salutary salveo, salvere to be well (verb): salutary, safe, salubrity, salutation salvus, a, um safe, sound (adjective): salvation, safe sanus, a, um sound, healthy, sane (adjective): sane, sanity sapiens, sapientis wise, judicious (adjective): sapience, sapiential sapiens, sapientis, m. wise man, philosopher (noun): sapient sapientia, sapientiae, f. wisdom (noun): sapience, sapientipotent sapio, sapere, sapui to have good taste; have good sense, be wise (verb): sapid, sapient satio, satiare, satiavi, satiatum to satisfy, sate (verb): satiate, insatiable satis enough, sufficient (adjective): satisfaction, saturate sator, satoris, m. sower, planter; begetter, father; founder (noun): satorious (obsolete) satura, saturae, f. satire (noun): satire, satirical saxum, saxi, n. rock, stone (noun): saxifrage, saxous (obsolete) scelus, sceleris, n. evil deed, crime (noun): scelerate, scelerous (obsolete) scientia, scientiae, f. knowledge (noun): science scio, scire, scivi, scitum to know (verb): science, conscience scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptum to write (verb): scribe, postscriptum, scriptorium scriptor, scriptoris, m. writer (noun): scriptorium secundus, a, um second; favorable (adjective): second, sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessum to sit (verb): sit (cognate), sedan, sediment semel once, a single time (adverb): semelparity (biology) semper always (adverb): sempiternal, sempervirent senectus, senectutis, f. old age (noun): senectitude senex, senis, m. old (man) (adjective): senectitude, senile sensus, sensus, m. sense, feeling (noun): sense, sensual sententia, sententiae, f. feeling, thought; opinion; sentence (noun): sentence, sentimental sentio, sentire, sensi, sensum to feel, perceive, think (verb): sensation, sense, sensory sequor, sequi, secutus sum to follow (verb): sequence, prosecute sereno, serenare, serenavi, serenatum to make clear, brighten; cheer up, soothe (verb): serenate (obsolete), serene serva, servae, f. slave (female) (noun): serve, service servio, servire, servivi, servitum + dat. to be a slave to, serve (verb): serve, servant servitus, servitutis, f. slavery, servitude (noun): servitude, serve servo, servare, servavi, servatum to preserve, keep, save (verb): serve, servant, servile, servitude servus, servi, m. slave (male) (noun): serve, service sidus, sideris, n. constellation, star (noun): sideral, siderous (obsolete) signum, signi, n. sign, signal, seal, indication (noun): sign, signature similis, simile similar, resembling (adjective): similar, simile, assimilate sine without (preposition): "sincere (""without wax""), sine qua non (""indispensable"")" sinister, sinistra, sinistrum left, left-hand (adjective): sinister, sinistrous socius, socii m. associate, companion; ally (noun): social, society sol, solis, m. sun (noun): solar, solstice solacium, solacii, n. comfort, relief (noun): solace soleo, solere, solitus sum to be accustomed (verb): insolent, obsolesce sollers, sollertis m. skilled, expert (noun): solert (obsolete) solus, a, um alone, only (adjective): sole, solitude somnus, somni, m. sleep, dream (noun): insomnia, somnambulism soror, sororis, f. sister (noun): sorority, sister (cognate) sors, sortis f. lot, destiny (noun): sort, sorcery, sortilege (rare) spargo, spargere, sparsi, sparsum to scatter, strew, sprinkle (verb): spare, sparse species, speciei f. appearance (noun): species, conspicuous specto, spectare, spectavi, spectatum to look at, see (verb): spectator, spectacle speculum, speculi, n. mirror (noun): speculum, specular spero, sperare, speravi, speratum to hope for, hope (verb): despair

spiritus, spiritus, m. breath, spirit, soul (noun): spirit, aspiration, spiritual statua, statuae f. statue (noun): statue stella, stellae, f. star, planet (noun): stellar, constellation sto, stare, steti, statum to stand, stand still (verb): stand, stance, state studeo, studere, studui + dat. to direct one's zeal to, be eager for, study (verb): study, storious, student studium, studii, n. eagerness, zeal, pursuit (noun): student, studious stultus, a, um foolish (adjective): stultitious, stolid suavis, suave sweet (adjective): suave sub + abl. under, up under (preposition): submarine, subnormal sub + acc. under, up under, close to (preposition): submarine, subnormal subito suddenly (adverb): subite (obsolete) sublimis, sublime elevated, lofty; heroic, noble (adjective): sublime, sublimity subrideo, subridere, subrisi, subrisum to smile down upon (verb): subride (obsolete), subrision (rare) sui, sibi, se, se -self (reflexive) (pronoun): suicide sum, esse, fui, futurum to be (verb): essence summus, a, um highest (adjective): sum, summit superbus, a, um proud, arrogant, overbearing, haughty (adjective): superb, superbity superior, superius higher; the gods above (adjective): superior, super supero, superare, superavi, superatum to be above, surpass; overcome, conquer (verb): super supersum, superesse, superfui to be left over; survive (verb): superessive (Grammar) superus, a, um above, upper (adjective): superior, super supremus, a, um highest, upper, last (adjective): supreme, supremity surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectum to get up, arise (verb): surge, insurge suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptum to undertake; support (verb): susception, susceptive suspendo, suspendere, suspendi, suspensum to hang up, suspend; interrupt (verb): suspend, suspension sustineo, sustinere, sustinui, sustentum to support; check; put off; sustain (verb): sustain, sustainable suus, a, um his, her, its, their (own) (adjective): suicide Syracusae, Syracusarum, f. Syracuse (noun): Syracuse taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitum to be silent, leave unmentioned (verb): tacent, tacid, conticent talis, tale such, of such a sort (adjective): tally, retaliate tango, tangere, tetigi, tactum to touch (verb): tangible, tango, tactile tantum only, so much (adverb): plurale tantum (grammar) tantus, a, um so large, so great, of such a size (adjective): tantamount tantus..quantus just as muchas (adjective): tantamount te you (pronoun): thee (cognate) tego, tegere, texi, tectum to cover, defend; hide (verb): protect, protection, protectorate tempestas, tempestatis, f. period of time, season; weather; storm (noun): tempest, tempestuous tempto, temptare, temptavi, temptatum to test, try; urge (verb): tempt, temptation tempus, temporis, n. time (noun): temporary, tense teneo, tenere, tenui, tentum to hold, keep, possess (verb): tenent, obtain, contain, maintain tergum, tergi n. back (noun): tergant (rare) terra, terrae, f. earth, land (noun): terral, terrene, territory terreo, terrere, terrui, territum to terrify (verb): terrify, terrible, deter timeo, timere, timui to fear (verb): timid, intimidate timor, timoris, m. fear (noun): timorous tolero, tolerare, toleravi, toleratum to bear, endure (verb): tolerate, tolerance tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatum to raise, lift up; take away, remove, destroy (verb): extoll tot so many (adjective): totient, total totus, a, um whole, entire (adjective): total

trado, tradere, tradidi, traditum to give over, surrender; hand down, transmit,teach (verb): trade, traitor traho, trahere, traxi, tractum to draw, drag, derive (verb): tractor, traction, trace trans + acc. across (preposition): trans-Atlantic, transgress transeo, transire, transii, transitum to go across, cross; pass over, ignore (verb): transition, transit transitus, transitus, m. passing over, transit, transition (noun): transition, transit tres, tria three (adjective): three (cognate), tri-county, trinity tristis, triste sad, sorrowful; joyless, grim, severe (adjective): tristesse Troia, Troiae, f. Troy (noun): Troy, Trojan tu, tui you (pronoun): thou (cognate) turba, turbae, f. mob, crowd, disturbance (noun): turbulent, disturb turpis, turpe ugly, shameful, base, disgraceful (adjective): turpitude tuus, a, um your (adjective): thou, thine (cognate) tyrannus, tyranni, m. tyrant (noun): tyrant, tyrannical ubi when, where, where? (conjunction): ubiquitous ullus, a, um any (adjective): nullify ultimus, a, um farthest, extreme; last (adjective): ultimatum ultra on the other side, beyond (adverb): ultrasonic, ultramarine ultra + acc. on the other side, beyond (preposition): ultrasonic, ultramarine unda, undae f. wave (noun): undate, undulate unus, a, um one, single, alone (adjective): unity, unite, unanimous urbanus, a, um of the city, urban, urbane (adjective): urbane, urban urbs, urbis, f. city; City of Rome (noun): urban, suburb urna, urnae f. urn (noun): urn usus, usus m. use, advantage, enjojment (noun): use, usable uter, utra, utrum either, which (of two) (adjective): neuter utilis, utile useful, advantageous (adjective): utility, utilize utor, uti, usus sum + abl. to use; enjoy, experience (verb): use, utile uxor, uxoris, f. wife (noun): uxorious, uxoricide valeo, valere, valui, valiturum to be strong; have power; be well (verb): valeology, valid validus, a, um strong, healthy (adjective): valid, validity, invalid vendo, vendere, vendidi, venditum to sell (verb): vendor, vending venia, veniae f. favor, kindness (noun): venial, veniable venio, venire, veni, ventum to come (verb): advent, convent, convene ventus, venti, m. wind (noun): wind (cognate), ventose verbum, verbi, n. word (noun): verb, verbose, verbal vereor, vereri, veritus sum to show reverence for, respect (verb): verecund, revere veritas, veritatis, f. truth (noun): verity, verify vero but; in truth, indeed, to be sure, however (adverb): verify, verity versus, versus, m. verse (noun): verse, versification verto, vertere, verti, versum to turn, change (verb): verse, vertex, avert verus, a, um true, real; proper (adjective): verity, verify vesper, vesperis, m. evening; evening star (noun): vespers vetus, veteris old (adjective): veterate, veteran via, viae, f. way, road, street (noun): via, obvious, viaduct vicina, vicinae, f. neighbor (noun): vicinity, vicinate (obsolete) vicinus, vicini, m. neighbor (noun): vicinity victoria, victoriae, f. victory (noun): victory, victorious video, videre, vidi, visum to see (verb): video, vision videor, videri, visus sum to be seen, seem (verb): video, vision, visual vigor, vigoris m. liveliness, vigor, activity (noun): vigor, vigorous vinco, vincere, vici, victum to conquer (verb): victor, invincible, vanquish vinum, vini, n. wine (noun): wine (cognate), vinous violo, violare, violavi, violatum to violate, dishonor; outrage (verb): violate, violent vir, viri, m. man (noun): virile, virility

virgo, virginis, f. maiden, virgin (noun): virgin, virginity virtus, virtutis, f. manliness, courage, excellence, virtue (noun): virtue, virtuous vis, vis, f. force (noun): virial vita, vitae, f. life (noun): vital vitium, vitii, n. fault, crime; vice (noun): vice, vicious vito, vitare, vitavi, vitatum to avoid, shun (verb): evite (obsolete), inevitable vivo, vivere, vixi, victum to live (verb): survive, vivid, revive vivus, a, um alive, living (adjective): vivisection, quick (cognate) voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatum to call (verb): vocation volo, velle, volui to wish, want, be willing, will (verb): benevolent, malevolent, voluntary voluptas, voluptatis, f. pleasure (noun): voluptuous vox, vocis, f. voice, word (noun): voice, vocal vulgus, vulgi, m. the common people, mob, rabble (noun): vulgar, vulgate vulnero, vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratum to wound, harm, distress (verb): vulnerate, vulneration, vulnerable vulnus, vulneris, n. wound (noun): vulnerable, vulnerose vultus, vultus, m. countenance, face (noun): vultuosous (obsolete), invultation (rare)

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