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# HV CABLE SELECTION CALCULATION

Department: Author: Status: Date: Language: Revision:

3VZJ490001
Page:

e-BOP

Uttam

Valid

05-09-2007

en

R1

1/9

INDEX Clause No. 1.00.00 2.00.00 3.00.00 4.00.00 5.00.00 6.00.00 7.00.00 INTENT CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF CABLE DESIGN DATA MINIMUM CROSS SECTION AREA CALCULATIONS MINIMUM PERMISSABLE CURRENT RAITINGS VOLTAGE DROP CALCULATION SAMPLE CALCULATION Description

Page No. 2 2 2 3 3 4 4

REFERENCE DOCUMENTS: 1) Data sheet of M/s Polycab.(Annexure-I) ENCLOSURES: 1) Feeder wise percentage voltage drop figure.

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5% during normal running conditions.02 Motor starting current is taken as 6 times the rated current for CWP Motor.01 DESIGN DATA Motor rated current has been calculated as per following formula Motor Rated Current =(kW x 1000) / (1.00. K2 for XLPE Cable Three Core Cables Cable Laid in cable Trays/Trench Temperature Correction Factor. Current rating for continuous operation. DERATING FACTORS The following De-rating Factors have been considered.79 0.732 x 6600 x Power Factor x Efficiency) 3. K2 for XLPE Cable 0.00 INTENT This document is intended to cover the sample voltage drop calculation for CWP Motor.00 3. 2. Motor starting current is taken as 4.HV CABLE SELECTION CALCULATION Department: Author: Status: Date: Language: Revision: 3VZJ490001 Page: e-BOP Uttam Valid 05-09-2007 en R1 2/9 1. 3.5 times the rated current for BFP Motor.89 0. Maximum Permissible voltage drop: 15% during starting.00. Outgoing to Ash handling Transformer & Station Service transformer and Tie to SS.0 CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF CABLES: Fault Current withstand capability. 3.03 Single Core Cables Cable Laid in cable Trays/Trench Temperature Correction Factor. BFP Motor.00. K1 Group Factor.00.00.89 0.00. K1 Group Factor.80 Page 2 of 9 .

76x 1.82 Sq. C (228 For Al) = Initial temp before short circuit in deg. the minimum conductor size shall be arrived using formula: A = Ik x K1x K2 x √t where. These increased current values are compared with the rated current carrying capacity of the cable.mm Selected cross section area for outgoing feeder is 185 Sq.mm Selected cross section area for tie feeder is 630 Sq. Hence Rated current carrying capacity of the cable must be greater than the load current after derating factor.76x 1. Page 3 of 9 .16 = 168.HV CABLE SELECTION CALCULATION Department: Author: Status: Date: Language: Revision: 3VZJ490001 Page: e-BOP Uttam Valid 05-09-2007 en R1 3/9 4.00. C(90º for XLPE) = Final temp.16 sec for Out going feeder 1 sec for Tie feeder K1 K2 Ø T1 T2 K2 = Constant (6. 0. mm Minimum cross section area required for Outgoing feeder (A) = 40x 6. C (250º for XLPE) =log((228+250)/(228+90))-1/2 = 1.56 Minimum cross section area required for Tie feeder (A) = 40x 6.56x√1 = 421.76 For Alminium) = log((Ø+T2)/( Ø+T1))-1/2 = temperature coefficient of electrical resistance at zero deg.00 PERMISSIBLE CURRENT RATINGS The de-ration effect due to temperature correction and grouping has been considered by increasing the full load current by the factors imposed by these conditions. Ik A t = Fault current in kA (40) = Minimum cross section area required in Sq.00. mm = Duration of fault current in second. After short circuit in deg.0 MINIMUM CROSS SECTION AREA FOR FAULT CURRENT WITHSTAND CAPACITY Depending upon the faut current magnitude and duration.56x√0. mm 5.72 Sq.

01.96) = 186 Amps. = Reactance per km. Vs = 6600 V Power Factor = 0.HV CABLE SELECTION CALCULATION Department: Author: Status: Date: Language: Revision: 3VZJ490001 Page: e-BOP Uttam Valid 05-09-2007 en R1 4/9 6.00 = No.00. = 6 * 186 = 1116 Amps.81 Efficiency = 0.(for motor feeder) = AC resistance per km. Cos Ø = Running power factor Cos Øi = Starting power factor N 7. = Line current-running. of Runs SAMPLE CALCULATIONS 7. VS ILr ILs Rac X L = Line voltage.81 X 0. = Route length in Meters.00 Voltage Drop calculation % V = √3 x ILs x L x (Rac CosØi + X SinØi) start / 10 x VS x N (for motor feeder) % V = √3 x ILr x L x (Rac CosØ + X SinØ) run / 10 x VS x N where.732 x 6600 x Power Factor x Efficiency) = (1650 X 1000) / (1. = Line current-starting.00.732 X 6600 X 0.96 Full Load current ILr Starting current ILs = (kW x 1000) / (1.00 Motor feeder . Page 4 of 9 .Cable from Station Switchgear to CW Pump motor • Current capacity check Rating = 1650 kW Voltage.

81 + 0.00 Motor feeder . 7.21 x 0.087 x 0.79 = 0. cable. X Length = 0.087 x 0.2 + 0.Normal running % V = √3 x ILr x L x (Rac CosØ + X SinØ) run / 10 x VS x N Resistance per km of 3C-185 Sq.2 = 0.98 % V = √3 x ILs x L x (Rac CosØi + X SinØi) start / 10 x VS x N % V = √3 x 1116 x 350 x (0.HV CABLE SELECTION CALCULATION Department: Author: Status: Date: Language: Revision: 3VZJ490001 Page: e-BOP Uttam Valid 05-09-2007 en R1 5/9 Temperature correction factor.During starting Starting current = 1116 Amps. SinØi = 0. . K1 Group factor.21 = 0. 7031 = 186/ 0. mm.586) run / 10 x 6600x2 .6508% Since (Percentage starting drop) < (15%) Cable selected is OK for start condition.21 x 0.89 * 0.79 = 0.98) start / 10 x 6600x2 = 0. K2 Total Derating factor =0.087 = 350m % V = √3 x 186 x 350 x (0. mm.02.Cable from Station Switchgear to BFP motor • Current capacity check Rating = 4000 kW Page 5 of 9 Starting power factor. CosØi = 0. R Reactance per km of 3C-185 Sq.89 =0. cable.185sq.1885% Since (Percentage drop) < (5%) Cable selected is OK for running conditions .mm. Hence load current after Derating factor Cable selected Hence only one run is sufficient. Rated current carrying capacity of the cable = 335 Amps Since (Rated current carrying capacity of the cable) > (load current after Derating factor) • Voltage drop calculation.7031 = 264 Amps = 3C.

074 Rated current carrying capacity of the cable = 450 Amps Temperature correction factor.732 X 6600 X 0. mm. mm. cable. cable.mm.79 = 0. = 484/450 = 1.0881% Since (Percentage drop) < (5%) Cable selected is OK for running conditions Page 6 of 9 = 0. X Length = 0.79 = 0.89 =0. mm cable considered Current of 2 runs of 3C. Hence two run of 3C-300 Sq.732 x 6600 x Power Factor x Efficiency) = (4000 X 1000) / (1. Vs = 6600 V Power Factor = 0.Normal running % V = √3 x ILr x L x (Rac CosØ + X SinØ) run / 10 x VS x N Resistance per km of 3C-300 Sq.367) run / 10 x 6600x2 .93 + 0.128 = 0. . K2 Total Derating factor % V = √3 x 409 x 110 x (0. 7031 Hence load current after Derating factor Cable selected Number of runs required Next higher integer is 2. K1 Group factor.HV CABLE SELECTION CALCULATION Department: Author: Status: Date: Language: Revision: 3VZJ490001 Page: e-BOP Uttam Valid 05-09-2007 en R1 6/9 Voltage.92 Full Load current ILr Starting current ILs = (kW x 1000) / (1.93 X 0. = 2 x 450 = 900 Amps. Since (Rated current carrying capacity of the cable) > (load current after Derating factor) • Voltage drop calculation. R Reactance per km of 3C-300 Sq.128 x 0.93 Efficiency = 0.300sq.7031 = 581 Amps = 3C.400 Sq.082 x 0.5 * 409 = 1841 Amps. mm.89 * 0. =0.92) = 409 Amps. = 4.082 = 110 m = 409/ 0.

6 X 1000) / (1.03. K2 Total Derating factor = (MVA x 1000) / (1.7031 Hence load current after Derating factor Cable selected Hence only one run is sufficient.732 X 6. K1 • Voltage drop calculation. Since (Rated current carrying capacity of the cable) > (load current after Derating factor) = 140/ 0.185sq. Vs = 6600 V Full Load current ILr Group factor.mm.2 = 0.6 MVA Voltage. =0.HV CABLE SELECTION CALCULATION Department: Author: Status: Date: Language: Revision: 3VZJ490001 Page: e-BOP Uttam Valid 05-09-2007 en R1 7/9 .6) = (1.732 x 6.98) start / 10 x 6600x2 = 0. 7.128 x 0.2 + 0.79 = 0.7031 = 200 Amps = 3C.79 = 0.6) = 140 Amps. CosØi SinØi = 1841 Amps.During starting Starting current Starting power factor.082 x 0.00 • Cable from Station Switchgear to Ash Handling Transformer.89 =0. .89 * 0.Normal running % V = √3 x ILr x L x (Rac CosØ + X SinØ) run / 10 x VS x N Page 7 of 9 . Current capacity check Rating = 1. Rated current carrying capacity of the cable = 335 Amps Temperature correction factor.98 % V = √3 x ILs x L x (Rac CosØi + X SinØi) start / 10 x VS x N % V = √3 x 1841 x 110 x (0.2814% Since (Percentage starting drop) < (15%) Cable selected is OK for start condition. = 0.

0708% Since (Percentage drop) < (5%) = 0. 7031 Hence load current after Derating factor Cable selected Hence only one run cable is sufficient.087 x 0.526) run / 10 x 6600x1 Page 8 of 9 .85 + 0.Normal running % V = √3 x ILr x L x (Rac CosØ + X SinØ) run / 10 x VS x N Resistance per km of 3C-300 Sq.7031 = 311 Amps = 3C. Vs = 6600 V Full Load current ILr Group factor. cable.HV CABLE SELECTION CALCULATION Department: Author: Status: Date: Language: Revision: 3VZJ490001 Page: e-BOP Uttam Valid 05-09-2007 en R1 8/9 Resistance per km of 3C-185 Sq.79 = 0. K1 % V = √3 x 219 x 55 x (0.526) run / 10 x 6600x1 Cable selected is OK for running conditions 7.89 * 0. mm.21 = 0.21 x 0.79 = 0. cable. cable.732 x 6.5 MVA Voltage.6) = 219 Amps.1895% Since (Percentage drop) < (5%) = 0.21 x 0.087 = 55m = 219/ 0.732 X 6.Cable from Station Switchgear to Station Service TRF • Current capacity check Rating = 2. mm. cable.21 = 0. X Length = 0.04.00 Outgoing feeder . Rated current carrying capacity of the cable = 335 Amps Temperature correction factor.6) = (2. = 0. . K2 Total Derating factor = (MVA x 1000) / (1.185sq. R Reactance per km of 3C-300 Sq. Since (Rated current carrying capacity of the cable) > (load current after Derating factor) • Voltage drop calculation.087 = 230m % V = √3 x 140 x 230 x (0.mm.85 + 0. R Reactance per km of 3C-185 Sq. X Length = 0.072 x 0. mm. mm.5 X 1000) / (1.89 = 0.

26 Rated current carrying capacity of the cable = 840 Amps % V = √3 x 3150 x 140 x (0. cable. Current of 6 runs of 1C.526) run / 10 x 6600x6 Page 9 of 9 .Cable from Station Switchgear to Tie feeder • Current capacity check Full Load current ILr = 3150 Amps Temperature correction factor.092 x 0. Hence six run considered. .712 = 4424 Amps = 1C.1704% Since (Percentage drop) < (5%) = 0. mm. = 4424/840 = 5. X Length = 0. mm. cable. R Reactance per km of 3C-185 Sq.05.mm.630sq.00 Outgoing feeder .0469 = 0.0469 x 0. mm.630 Sq.80 = 0. 712 Hence load current after Derating factor Cable selected Number of runs required Next higher integer is 6.85 + 0.HV CABLE SELECTION CALCULATION Department: Author: Status: Date: Language: Revision: 3VZJ490001 Page: e-BOP Uttam Valid 05-09-2007 en R1 9/9 7.80 = 0.89 * 0.Normal running % V = √3 x ILr x L x (Rac CosØ + X SinØ) run / 10 x VS x N Resistance per km of 3C-185 Sq. K1 Group factor.092 = 140 m = 3150/ 0. = 6 x 840 = 5040 Amps Since (Rated current carrying capacity of the cable) > (load current after Derating factor) • Voltage drop calculation.89 = 0. K2 Total Derating factor = 0.