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The path to a healthier planet...

The path to a cleaner, healthier environment begins with

SunWattsTM, a program designed to help Trico members take

part in and benefit from renewable energy technologies.

June 2007
Table of Contents

SunWatts: Frequently Asked Questions ........................................................ 3

Photovoltaic Technology Basics .................................................................... 4

SunWatts Residential/Small Commercial Rebate Program .......................... 6

SunWatts On-Grid PV System Rebate Enrollment Form ............................... 7

SunWatts Off-Grid PV System Rebate Enrollment Form .................................... 8
Care of our environment is important to all of us, and we want to
preserve the earth for generations to come. Many people want
‘green’ energy alternatives to meet their electricity needs. That’s
where SunWatts can help.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is SunWatts? Where does Trico get the money to fund
SunWatts is a renewable energy program de- the SunWatts program?
signed to help Trico members install solar (pho- Funding for the SunWatts program comes
tovoltaic, or PV) energy equipment at their home from the Renewable Energy Standard Tariff
or small business. (REST), a surcharge placed on all members’
With the SunWatts rebate program, Trico’s bills. This surcharge is mandated by the Arizona
residential and small commercial members can Corporation Commission (ACC). All utilities
receive a rebate of $4 per installed watt for quali- under the ACC’s jurisdiction must assess this
fying PV systems installed on their homes or surcharge.
small businesses, up to 50% the total cost of the
unit (up to 2,000 watts, or $8,000, for residential What else is Trico doing to promote
systems; up to 5,000 watts, or $20,000, for small renewable energy?
business/commercial systems). Trico, in partnership with the other Arizona
not-for-profit electric cooperatives, look for
Why is Trico offering SunWatts to its large-scale renewable projects that will ben-
members? efit our members. These projects include large
Trico has a commitment to the community purchase-power agreements from renewable
as well as to protecting our environment. We energy generators and the installation of utility-
support alternatives to fossil-fuel based energy scale renewable energy generating units.
generation such as solar, wind and biomass.
Why does green power cost more than
Why does Trico offer rebates only for solar regular power?
(photovoltaic) systems? While renewable energy sources like the sun
Arizona is one of the sunniest places in the and win are abundant, the technology used to
world so it makes sense to promote solar energy harness them is still evolving. This translates
as an alternative to traditional energy genera- into a higher cost per watt than traditional sourc-
tion. In addition, policy makers at the state level es of energy. As more people adopt renewable
have strongly promoted solar energy technolo- energy and the technology advances, prices
gies over other renewable options. should come down.

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Photovoltaic (PV) systems provide a flexible, ‘green’ option
for customers looking for electric generation systems for
their home or small business.
PV systems convert sunlight into electricity. Very simple PV
cells can be found in watches and calculators. More com-
plex systems can provide power to homes and even the
electric grid.

PV Basics

PV Applications of sun, the excessive temperatures in our desert
PV Systems have a number of useful ap- climate can negatively affect a PV unit’s output.
plications, particularly in sunny climates like A licensed, reputable solar contractor can com-
Arizona. PV systems can be used to supplement pensate for this degradation when selecting a PV
a homeowner’s regular electric power and they system for your home or business.
can also be used in rural areas where it is cost No two PV systems are alike since no two
prohibitive to run an electric transmission line installations have exactly the same needs. Much
to the customer’s site. PV systems also make depends on the size of the home or business
sense when only a small amount of electricity is consuming the electricity as well as if the system
needed, such as in water pumping. has a backup storage system, which carry ad-
ditional safety considerations. Only a licensed
Off-grid and On-grid installations
solar contractor can advise you as to the actual
PV systems can be installed either off-grid or
costs of the system that is right for your needs.
on-grid. Off-grid installations refer to those sys-
tems that are standalone and are not connected Components of a PV system
to Trico’s system. On-grid, or grid-tied, systems In a typical PV system, you will find a PV ar-
are those that tie in directly with Trico’s electric ray and a control center containing a DC to AC
grid. inverter. Some people choose to add batteries to
their system so they can store the unit’s output
PV — some considerations
and use it at night.
PV systems do have some drawbacks. They
cost more than traditional generation, gener- The PV Array
ally about $7 per installed watt depending on PV arrays collect the sun’s rays and convert
the nature and complexity of the system. As an them into energy.
example, a basic PV system for a residence can There are a variety of PV array to choose
cost anywhere from $12,000 to $16,000, more if from. Some are fixed; that is, they do not move
you wish to add storage devices like batteries. or track the sun throughout the day. Some are
And, even though Arizona has an abundance tracking units that actually move with the sun

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Control
Center
PV Array PV Array PV Array PV Array including DC
to AC
inverter

AC
Output
Your home or small business

How a small PV system works

as it moves across the sky during the day or Above is a simple illustration of a basic PV
throughout the season. Some are mounted at system. An actual system may have more com-
ground level whereas others are mounted on ponents, depending on whether the customer
buildings or elevated structures. wishes to connect to the grid, in which case
safety mechanisms must be installed. A cus-
It’s important that the PV array be designed
tomer may also wish to add a battery system for
to meet wind load requirements of the area.
nighttime power, which also has safety and in-
An improperly installed PV system could be
terconnection requirements. Your licensed solar
destroyed in a wind storm. Wind load depends
contractor can assist you in determining what will
on the size of the array and the tilt angle of the
work best for you.
array. A licensed solar contractor can assist with
determining wind load.
PV array generally have an expected life of
15 to 20 years.

The Control Center
Electronic controllers, inverters and any
necessary switches, fuses and additional compo-
nents can be found in the Control Center. These
components should be able to withstand high
temperatures and extreme weather conditions,
as well as carry the proper certifications.

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The SunWatts Residential and Small Commercial
Rebate Program
With the SunWatts Rebate Program, Trico will pay you $4 per installed watt — up to
2,000 watts for individual residential units, or up to 5,000 watts for small business/
commercial units, up to 50 percent of the total cost of the unit, whichever is lower.
Sorry, we can only offer one rebate per member.
The SunWatts rebate program is easy. Just
follow these steps. (6) To receive your rebate, you must submit the fol-
(1) You must be a Trico member and the system must lowing to Trico:
be sited in Trico’s service territory. • Certification by a licensed electrician or Trico
representative** that the installed unit meets the
(2) Select a qualifying solar electric system and qualifications set forth on page 7 of this handbook
have it installed by a licensed professional at your (on-grid system) or on page 8 (off-grid systems).
home or small business. This home/business MUST be • The unit’s rated output as specified by the manu-
served by Trico. In addition, the system must meet all the facturer.
qualifications listed in the on-/off-grid qualifications section • A signed SunWatts Rebate Enrollment form.
of this handbook (pages 6 and 7) (You can find copies of these forms on pages 7 and
8 of this handbook.)
(3) For grid-tied systems, you must have a li-
• A signed SunWatts System Qualifications form
censed electrician or Trico representative* test
(available from Trico - this will be sent after the
and certify that the system meets IEEE guidelines
enrollment form has been received.).
as well as Trico’s interconnection guidelines. The
Keep a copy for your records.
representative must also determine the output for purposes
of the rebate amount. (7) Once you’ve submitted your paperwork to Trico,
please allow roughly eight weeks for it to be pro-
(4) Sign the agreement assigning Trico the rights
cessed.
to the environmental credits of the system. Trico
will buy back any excess electric generation output from * If you elect to have a Trico representative test and certify your system,
you’ll be responsible for any trip charges billed by Trico.
the unit at its avoided cost rate. To qualify for the energy
** Trico strongly recommends that the customer, at the customer’s sole
buyback, Bi-directional metering equipment must be cost and expense, obtain and maintain a liability insurance policy that
installed. The customer is responsible for the costs provides liability insurance covering the PV system’s generation activities
and equipment. It’s advised that this policy have a combined single limit
associated with purchasing and installing the Bi-directional coverage for injury or death to any person or person and damage to any
metering equipment; however, this cost can be included in property of not less than $1,000,000.
Trico reserves the right to refuse payment of a rebate based on the fol-
the system rebate. Please note that the SunWatts Rebate lowing, including but not limited to: failure to meet the qualifications as
does NOT cover any costs associated with battery or set forth in this handbook, incomplete enrollment materials, insufficient
system testing or certification, installation and/or testing/certification by an
unlicensed electrician.
backup systems.

(5) Once the unit is installed and operational, you
own it and are responsible for it. As the owner of
the system, you are solely responsible for arranging and
paying for annual service inspections as well as normal
system repairs to the unit, including labor**.

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On-Grid PV System Rebate Enrollment Form
All ON-GRID customer solar electric generating systems must meet the following system and
installation requirements.
Please have your licensed contractor initial these eight items, then sign and submit to Trico PRIOR to sys-
tem installation. This form is your SunWatts Rebate Enrollment Form. Note: a signed SunWatts System Qualifi-
cation form is required in order to process your rebate. This form will be sent AFTER Trico receives your completed and
signed enrollment form.
1. The customer’s PV system components must be certified as meeting the requirements of IEEE-929 - Recom-
mended Practice for Utility Interface of Photovoltaic Systems.
2. The customer’s PV system components must be certified as meeting the requirements of UL-1741 - Power
Conditioning Units for use in Residential Photovoltaic Power and can be covered by a non-prorated manufac-
turer’s warranty of a least two years.
3. The customer’s PV system design and installation must meet all the requirements of the latest edition of the
National Electrical Code (NEC), including Article 690, and all grounding, conductor, raceway, overcurrent pro-
tection, disconnect and labeling requirements.
4. The customer’s PV system and installation must meet the requirements of all federal, state and local building
codes and have been successfully inspected by the building official having jurisdiction. To do so, the instal-
lation must be completed in accordance with the requirements of the latest edition of the NEC in effect in the
jurisdiction where the installation is being completed, including, without limitation, Sections 200-6, 210-6, 230-
70, 240-3, 250-26, 250-50, 250-122, all of Article 690 pertaining to solar photovoltaic systems, thereof, all as
amended and superseded.
5. The customer’s PV system must meet cooperative and Arizona Corporation Commission interconnection re-
quirements for self-generation equipment.
6. The customer’s PV system installation must meet Trico’s Service Requirements as follows:
“An AC disconnect means shall be provided on all ungrounded AC conductors and shall consist of a lockable
gang-operated disconnect clearly indicating open or closed. The switch shall be visually inspected to deter-
mine that the switch is open. The switch shall be clearly labeled stated ‘DG Service Disconnect.”
7. All customer PV system installations must be completed in a professional, workmanlike and safe manner.
8. The rebate amount will be: __________________________________________________________
Rebate formula = ($4) * (PV cell nameplate rating in watts) * (number of PV cells)
The maximum rebate amount per residential customer is 2,000 watts (or 2 kW), for a total rebate of $8,000.
The maximum rebate amount per small commercial customer is 5,000 watts (or 5 kW) for a total rebate of
$20,000. Rebate funds are on a first-come, first-served basis and will end when all funds have been rebated to
customers.
Contractor’s Name: ____________________________________________________________________________
Contractor’s Company: __________________________________________________________________________
Contractor’s Address: ___________________________________________________________________________
Contractor’s Signature: __________________________________________________________________________
Contractor’s Lic. Number: _________________ Date: ___________________________________________

Member’s Name: ______________________________________________________________________________
Spouse’s Name: _______________________________________________________________________________
Member’s Address: _____________________________________________________________________________
Member’s Signature: _______________________________ Spouse’s Signature: _________________________
Date: _________________________________
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Off-Grid PV System Rebate Enrollment Form
All OFF-GRID customer solar electric generating systems must meet the following system and
installation requirements.

This form is your SunWatts Rebate Enrollment Form. Note: a signed SunWatts System Qualification form is re-
quired in order to process your rebate. This form will be sent AFTER Trico receives your completed and signed enrollment
form.

1. Energy source must be a permanently installed off-grid (non-interconnected) photovoltaic system.
2. Customer must be an existing Trico member.
3. PV system must be on the customer’s deeded or leased property and located within Trico’s territory.
4. System must be inspected on by Trico to certify that it is fully operational and meets all the qualifications of Part 1, 2
and 3. If multiple systems are installed then Trico must certify all systems during a single site visits.
5. The rebate amount will be:
Rebate formula = ($4) * (PV cell nameplate rating in watts) * (number of PV cells)
The maximum rebate amount per residential customer is 2,000 watts (or 2 kW), for a total rebate of $8,000.
The maximum rebate amount per small commercial customer is 5,000 watts (or 5 kW) for a total rebate of $20,000
Rebate funds are on a first-come, first-served basis and will end when all funds have been rebated to customers.

Contractor’s Name: ____________________________________________________________________________
Contractor’s Company: __________________________________________________________________________
Contractor’s Address: ___________________________________________________________________________
Contractor’s Signature: __________________________________________________________________________
Contractor’s Lic. Number: _________________ Date: ___________________________________________

Member’s Name: ______________________________________________________________________________
Spouse’s Name: _______________________________________________________________________________
Member’s Address: _____________________________________________________________________________
Member’s Signature: _______________________________ Spouse’s Signature: _________________________
Date: _________________________________

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