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notes of team meting and interview with Doug Wanke I

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WSJ.com - UPDATE(2):US Seizes Drug-Laden Boat; Al-Qaida Suspected

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THE WALL STREET JOURNAL.
O N L I N E '

December 19, 2003 7:00 p.m. EST

UPDATE(2):US Seizes Drug-Laden Boat; Al-Qaida Suspected
DOW JONES NEWSWIRES

(Adds background, comments from experts) WASHINGTON (AP)--The Navy has seized a boat carrying nearly two tons of hashish in the Persian Gulf, U.S. officials said Friday, in what could be some of the first hard evidence of alQaida links to drug smuggling. The guided missile destroyer USS Decatur intercepted the 40-foot boat on Monday. Aboard were a dozen men, three of them believed to have al-Qaida connections, and 3,780 pounds of hashish, the Navy said Friday. "This is the first empirical evidence I've seen that conclusively links al-Qaida with the drug trade," said Bruce Hoffman, a terrorism expert at RAND, a think tank that often does work for the Pentagon. The Decatur seized the boat, a wooden vessel called a dhow, near the Straits of Hormuz, a narrow part of the Persian Gulf where it opens into the Arabian Sea. The area is a known smuggling route for al-Qaida, the Navy said.
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The drugs are worth between $8 million and $10 million, the Navy said. Military officials wouldn't say Friday why they believed the boat, its cargo and some of its crew were linked to Osama bin Laden's terrorist network. The boat remained under the Decatur's control and it hadn't been determined what to do with the men on board, the Navy said. Terrorism experts and government officials long have said they believe that al-Qaida makes money through criminal enterprises including the drug trade. A U.N. panel reported last month, for example, that al-Qaida had financed some of its operations through drug trafficking. Before the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, bin Laden had been sheltered in Afghanistan by the Taliban, http://online.wsj .com/article_print/0,,BT_CO_20031219_007616,00.html 12/21 /2003

US Official: AI-Qaida, Drug Traffickers May Establish Ties Jenny Falcon New York Voice of America News 02 Mar 2004, 00:37 UTC http://www.voanews.com/article.cfm?obiectlD=BD81DAD9-32C8-41EE-AAC3FBF774EE77E5 Listen to Jenny Falcon's report in New York (RealAudio) Falcon report - Download 309k (RealAudio) U.S. officials working to combat the international drug trade are warning of possible future links between al-Qaida and drug traffickers in Colombia and Mexico. Harold Wankel, the assistant administrator for intelligence at the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency, says U.S. officials are increasingly concerned that al-Qaida terrorists will also turn to international drug trafficking and Colombian organized crime to transport funds, people, and banned weapons. "If al-Qaida comes to South America and they need to get something done in the United States that requires movement, whether it is movement of commodity or movement of people, they need not set up infrastructure, they need not set up an operation capable of doing that," he said. "They need to get x-number of dollars and go to the people who are the professionals, the people that are the best at it, and that is the Colombian and Mexican organized criminal groups that are closely aligned these days." Mr. Wankel says al-Qaida sympathizers in Latin America could turn to the drug trafficking network as the international crackdown on al-Qaida's finances dries up funds. Colombia's ambassador to the United States, Luis Alberto Moreno, says Colombian authorities, are monitoring possible collaboration between Muslim extremists and drug cartels. "There is always going to be an opportunity for any one group to try to develop that. We have very respectable people from Arab communities in our country who have legitimate businesses," he said. "There are other people in the illegal business of smuggling products into our country and they could be, at one point, a link to it. We have not seen it, so far. We monitor it constantly, but yes, this something that could develop." U.S. drug enforcement officials say FARC, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, is the only terrorist group with clear links to international drug traffickers. Drug money has helped sustain FARC militants in their three-decade long struggle against the Colombian government, which has included deadly bombings, kidnappings, murders and hijackings. U.S. drug enforcement officials say the Iranian-backed Hezbollah, along with Afghanistan's former Taleban movement, have profited from drug dealing, but it is unclear whether al-Qaida has benefited from drug funds. The officials made their remarks during a panel discussion hosted by ABC News in New York.

The Connection between Drug Trafficking and Terrorist Financing

A Presentation for the Financial Action Task Force
by

Harold D. Wankel
Assistant Administrator for Intelligence Drug Enforcement Administration United States Department of Justice

Paris, France February 24, 2004

Committee on International Relations, U.S. House of Representatives

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Committee on International Relations
U.S. House of Representatives Washington, D.C, 20515-0128

Statement of Karen P. Tandy Administrator Drug Enforcement Administration Before the Committee on International Relations U.S. House of Representatives

February 12, 2004 'United States Policy Towards Narco-Terrorism in Afghanistan"

Chairman Hyde, Ranking Member Lantos and distinguished members of the Committee, thank you for the invitation to testify today on the important issue of opium production in Afghanistan and its potential links to terrorism. Overview Afghan drug production is a priority for the DBA that guides our enforcement strategy in the region. As you know, opium production in Afghanistan has resumed over the last two years, although it is still lower than the highest level reached under the Taliban. While we expect that only a small portion of the resulting opium and heroin will ultimately reach the United States, these drugs are of great concern because they increase worldwide supply and have the potential to fund terrorists and other destabilizing groups. Because the situation inside Afghanistan presents unique challenges to law enforcement, the DBA has successfully acted with neighboring countries to control the spread of Afghan opium and heroin through Operation Containment. I have just returned from Kabul where Assistant Secretary of State Robert Charles, other senior officials representing the United States, and I participated in discussions with Afghanistan Transitional Authority President Hamid Karzai, United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime Director Antonio Costa and other representatives from Afghanistan and the European Union on the challenges posed by Afghan drug production. The international drug control community shares our view that concerted multilateral efforts will be required to effectively address these problems. I look forward to discussing each of these

http://wwwc.house.gov/international_relations/108/tand021204.htm

2/13/2004

2 of 4 DOCUMENTS Copyright 2004 Federal News Service, Inc. Federal News Service February 12,2004 Thursday

SECTION: CAPITOL HILL HEARING LENGTH: 16338 words HEADLINE: HEARING OF THE HOUSE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS COMMITTEE SUBJECT: AFGHANISTAN DRUGS AND TERRORISM AND U.S. SECURITY POLICY CHAIRED BY: REPRESENTATIVE HENRY HYDE (R-IL) LOCATION: 2172 RAYBURN HOUSE OFFICE BUILDING, WASHINGTON, D.C. WITNESSES: PANEL I: MARK STEVEN KIRK (R-IL); PANEL II: ROBERT B. CHARLES, ASSISTANT SECRETARY, BUREAU FOR INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT AFFAIRS; WILLIAM B. TAYLOR, JR., COORDINATOR FOR AFGHANISTAN, DEPARTMENT OF STATE; KAREN P. TANDY, ADMINISTRATOR, DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION; THOMAS W. O'CONNELL, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR SPECIAL OPERATIONS AND LOWINTENSITY CONFLICT, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE; BRIGADIER GENERAL GARY L. NORTH, USAF, DIRECTOR OF POLITICO-MILITARY AFFAIRS FOR ASIAPACIFIC, JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF BODY: REP. HENRY J. HYDE (R-IL): The committee will come to order. Today's hearing continues this committee's oversight of the U.S. global war on terrorism, including efforts by the U.S. government to eliminate financial support for terrorism. We have learned much. In testimony before this committee last July, Ron Noble, the secretary- general of INTERPOL warned publicly that al Qaeda and other terrorist groups operating in Kosova, Syria, Lebanon, Chechnya and Northern Europe were materially benefiting from the sale of counterfeit goods such as music, popular goods, videos, jewelry, designer clothes similar to those items sold openly on the streets of every major city in the world. The theft of intellectual property and its link to international terrorism will receive further attention from the committee this year, but today we turn our attention to a phenomenon that both derives benefits from and provides benefits to terrorists: the illicit drug trade in Afghanistan. This hearing will examine among other things how opium

jmmittee on International Relations, U.S. House of Representatives

Page 1 of4

Committee on International Relations
U.S. House of Representatives Washington, D.C. 20515-0128

STATEMENT BY THOMAS W. O'CONNELL ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR SPECIAL OPERATIONS AND LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT BEFORE THE UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 108th CONGRESS STATEMENT FOR THE RECORD FEBRUARY 12, 2004 COUNTERING NARCOTERRORISM IN AFGHANISTAN Chairman Hyde, Representative Lantos, and distinguished Members of the Committee, it is my honor to appear before you today to discuss the problem of illegal narcotics trafficking in Afghanistan, its relation to terrorism, and the programs the Defense Department is developing to defeat this problem. I am particularly pleased to discuss these issues with you, because the Congress has been very responsive in supporting my office's initiative in requesting funding for counternarcotics programs for related to Afghanistan in the FY 2004 supplemental appropriation. As you know, Congress supported the Administration's request for Department of Defense funding of $73 million for these purposes. Taking Immediate Actions while Building Long-Term Capability The narcotics problem in Afghanistan presents a special challenge. The international community and the Afghan leadership, with the support of the United States, are addressing this challenge. The United Kingdom has the lead in providing international assistance, and the Afghan leadership, including President Karzai and Minister of Interior Jalali, is beginning to take action. This is the appropriate course to take, because this problem requires a long term effort that the Afghan government must lead, with assistance from the United States and the rest of the international community. Our current actions must also aim not just at immediate positive effects, but also at sustainable long-term results. This can only be achieved by devoting some of our current efforts to helping create a strong, long-term capability for Afghanistan to control this problem on its own. This is especially important because, as we know from successful counternarcotics efforts in other countries, success is achieved not just by destroying fields and disrupting traffickers, but also by creating a strong law enforcement framework, with effective police equipped with adequate

http://wwwc.house.go v/international_relations/108/oco021204.htm

2/13/2004

Committee on International Relations, U.S. House of Representatives

Page 1 of 5

Committee on International Relations
U.S. House of Representatives Washington, D.C. 20515-0128

Testimony by Robert B. Charles

-, \t Secretary of State

Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, House International Relations Committee Thursday, February 12, 2004 U.S. Policy towards Narcoterrorism in Afghanistan

Mr. Chairman, and distinguished members of the Committee: Thank you for the opportunity to talk to you today about the narcotics situation in Afghanistan and what we are doing about it. Success in rebuilding Afghanistan, an epicenter in the war on terrorism, is one of the Administration's two highest priorities. More than two decades of war have destroyed Afghanistan's physical infrastructure and much of its human and social capital as well. Operation Enduring Freedom's ousting of the Taliban regime, the subsequent Bonn process establishing peace between rival factions, and the presence of the moderate Hamid Karzai as head of an interim government, have solidified Afghanistan's strong and supportive relationship with the U.S. and Coalition partners. However, as the international community and the fledgling central government begin the task of building for Afghanistan an infrastructure, economy, and public institutions, the country faces major threats from different directions, including the resurgence of illegal drug cultivation and an unstable security environment. The challenge is enormous. I have just returned from the International Counternarcotics Conference on Afghanistan held in Kabul on February 8 and 9. The Conference brought together practitioners and policy makers from a host of countries, and underscored the concern of the international community about the narcotics situation in Afghanistan and our common commitment to assist the nascent institutions of the government of Afghanistan in dealing with it. For as you know, there is much to be concerned about. For the past decade, opium poppy has been Afghanistan's largest and most valuable cash crop. After a one-year "poppy ban" in 2000-2001, under the oppressive rule of the Taliban and during which drugs were stockpiled, Afghanistan has reemerged as the world's leading supplier of illicit opium, morphine and heroin. The CIA's Counternarcotics Center estimated the 2002-2003 crop at 61,000 hectares - a 98% increase over the 2001-2002 crop. Opium was cultivated in 28 of Afghanistan's 32

http://wwwc.house.gov/international_relations/l 08/char021204.htm

2/13/2004

5. Osama bin Laden a 'narco-terrorist' ROWAN SCARBOROUGH Washington Times The al Qaeda terror group has embraced heroin trafficking to such an extent that its leader, Osama bin Laden, is now a "narco-terrorist," says a U.S. congressman just back from a factfinding mission in Pakistan and Afghanistan. "It seems clear to me heroin is the No. 1 financial asset of Osama bin Laden," Rep. Mark Steven Kirk, Illinois Republican, told The Washington Times. "There is a need to update our view of how terrorism is financed. "And the view of Osama bin Laden relying on Wahhabi donations from abroad is outdated. And the view of him as one of the world's largest heroin dealers is the more accurate, up-to-date view." Mr. Kirk wants a pronounced shift in how the Bush administration tries to stop al Qaeda funding. Up to now, Washington has focused on bin Laden's traditional sources: Islamic charities and his family fortune. But the Bush team has choked off much of that flow, forcing bin Laden to adjust. In Afghanistan, bin Laden has the benefit of the world's largest poppy crop, as he evades capture in Pakistan's notorious border areas. He is reaping $24 million alone from one narcotics network in Kandahar, Afghanistan, according to Mr. Kirk's investigation. The congressman said it is no longer sufficient to go after only the charities and bank accounts. Washington now must fuse counterterrorism and counternarcotics into an inseparable mission. "The most important thing here is to change the language to not describe Osama bin Laden anymore as a terrorist, but to more accurately describe him as a narco-terrorist," said Mr. Kirk, who sits on the Appropriations subcommittee on commerce, justice, state and judiciary. Mr. Kirk and his team of House staff investigators spent five days in Pakistan and Afghanistan, whose farm areas once again are sprouting thousands of acres of poppies from which opium and heroin are produced. Hundreds of illicit drug labs have sprung up to process the heroin for shipment to Pakistan. The al Qaeda-heroin connection is becoming more clear to Washington. The first big break came last month, when Navy ships seized boats concealing large stashes of heroin and operated by crew members linked to al Qaeda. In Afghanistan, Mr. Kirk talked to a variety of sources, including U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration agents, U.S. troops and Afghan counternarcotics officials. A kilogram of heroin that can fetch $2,000 in Pakistan can get $10,000 in Turkey. That is why al Qaeda has begun sending drug-laden boats into the Arabian Sea: to find more lucrative markets outside Pakistan. "If he can expand his operation closer and closer to the retail market, he will dramatically increase his profit," Mr. Kirk said. Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld is reluctant to get his troops too deeply involved in the drug wars, aides say. Some Pentagon officials view counternarcotics as predominately a law enforcement duty. In Afghanistan, where the United Nations reports 264,000 poppy-growing

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