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Folder Title: Wolosky Working File
Document Date: 06-13-2003
Document Type: Memo of Conversation
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Subject: summary of interview with Lee Wolosky

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System DocID: 4680
TRANSCRIPT OF PROCEEDINGS

NATIONAL COMMISSION ON

TERRORIST ATTACKS UPON THE UNITED STATES

PUBLIC HEARING

Pages 1 through 288 New York, New York
April 1, 2003

MILLER REPORTING COMPANY, INC.
735 8th Street, S.E.
Washington, D.C. 20003
(202) 546-6666
_£XIS®-NEXIS® View Printable Page Page 1 of 2

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Copyright 2000 The New York Times Company
The New York Times

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January 4, 2000, Tuesday, Late Edition - Final

SECTION: Section A; Page 19; Column 1; Editorial Desk

LENGTH: 826 words

HEADLINE: The New Face of Terrorism

BYLINE: By Daniel Benjamin and Steven Simon; Daniel Benjamin and Steven Simon were,
respectively, director and senior director for counterterrorism on the National Security Council staff
from 1998-99.

BODY:
Waking up in the year 2000 to face nothing worse than the debris in Times Square, some may have
decided that Washington had hyped the prospect of an attack by Osama bin Laden and his allies beyond
reason.

But that conclusion is wrong. The danger posed by Mr. bin Laden and like-minded radical Islamists will
not fade into memory along with fears of Y2K power failures and sewer backups. On the contrary:
aggressive intelligence and law enforcement efforts by many countries may have precluded attacks over
the last few weeks — as in Jordan — but the forces now personified in Western minds by Mr. bin Laden
are here to stay.

Most important, even if he were thrown into jail tomorrow, the threat would persist and grow. To
understand why, it is important to dispel a few myths about him.

Osama bin Laden's organization is entirely his own creation. Without him, his followers would be lost.

Mr. bin Laden's achievement has not only been to build cells in more than 50 countries, many of them
self-sufficient, but to deepen bonds between extremist groups already pursuing terrorism around the
globe. Indeed, the men who hijacked the India Airlines flight last month sought the release of three
Kashmiri militants, at least one of whom was a leader of Harakat ul-Ansar, a group that trains in Mr. bin
Laden's camps in Afghanistan.

In the Caucasus, the small core of Islamists who staged an insurrection in the Russian province of
Dagestan earlier this year were led by a guerrilla known as Khattab, a Saudi exile associated with Mr.
bin Laden.

Finally, American officials claim that Ahmed Ressam, who was arrested in Port Angeles, Wash.,
allegedly with a car full of explosives, has ties to the Armed Islamic Group, a guerrilla organization
fighting the military-dominated government in Algeria. This group also trains in the bin Laden camps.
Mr. bin Laden's feat is to have made all these fighters — and radicals from a score of other countries ~
brothers in arms.

https://www.nexis.com/research/search/submitViewTagged 1 /6/2004
* National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States Page 1 of 12

NATIONAL COMMISSION ON
r ATTACKS UPON THE UNIT!

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Current News
About the Commission | Hearings | Press | Archive | Contact
The first public hearing of
Us
the National Commission
on Terrorist Attacks Upon
First public hearing of the National Commission on
the United States was held
Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States
on March 31 - April 1, 2003
at the U.S. Custom House,
Statement of Lee S. Wolosky to the
One Bowling Green, New
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the
United States York City, New York,
April 1,2003 [more]

Thank you for inviting me to testify before you today on Commission Members
the subject of terrorist financing. This Commission has
been invested with profound responsibilities. It is my honor Thomas H. Kean
and privilege to be able to assist you in discharging your Chair
responsibilities on behalf of the American people.
Lee H. Hamilton
BACKGROUND Vice Chair

Unlike state-sponsored terrorist groups, al-Qaeda is Richard Ben-Veniste
financially robust. Having developed multiple sources of Max Cleland
support, it is free from the control of any government. As Fred F. Fielding
such, it historically has been able to operate from failed or Jamie S. Gorelick
dysfunctional states. Indeed, when it was headquartered in Slade Gorton
both Sudan and Afghanistan, the al-Qaeda terrorist John F. Lehman
organization provided important financial support to its Timothy J. Roemer
host state-instead of the other way around. James R. Thompson

The construction of al-Qaeda's financial support network Commission Staff
constituted a primary source of Osama Bin Laden's
personal influence. Unlike other terrorist leaders, Bin
Philip D. Zelikow
Laden was not a military hero, nor a religious authority,
nor an obvious representative of the downtrodden and Executive Director
disillusioned. He was a rich financier, both a scion of one of
Saudi Arabia's most influential families and a challenger to Chris Kojm
Saudi Arabia's existing system of governance, Deputy Executive Director
distinguished by his ability to organize an effective
network. Daniel Marcus
General Counsel
He built al-Qaeda's financial network from the foundation
of a system originally designed to channel resources to the
mujahideen fighting the Soviets. It was that network that
sustained the organization when bin Laden was forced to
move from Saudi Arabia to Sudan, and then again when
al-Qaeda was forced to uproot its infrastructure and
relocate to Afghanistan.

http ://www.9-11 commission.gov/hearings/hearing 1 /witness_wolosky.htm 5/5/2003
Boies Schiller & Flexner - Lawyer Profile Page 1 of 1

Lee S. Wolosky Lee S. Wolosky is Of Counsel to the firm in its Armonk office. His main
Of Counsel practice areas include mergers and acquisitions, governmental relations and
Armonk NY corporate and international advisory work.
9142739800
Iwplosky @ bsfllp. com

Mr. Wolosky is also an Adjunct Professor in International Affairs at Columbia
University.

Mr. Wolosky's clients at the firm have included Adelphia Communications,
American International Group, Fomento Economico Mexicano S.A. de C.V.
(FEMSA), Hillenbrand Industries, Paxson Communications and Spanish
Broadcasting System. He has represented a range of public and private
companies in mergers and acquisitions, private equity transactions and
securities offerings. He has also advised sovereigns and other foreign and
domestic clients on cross-border investment issues and U.S. governmental
relations.

Mr. Wolosky joined the firm in 2001 from the White House, where he served
as Director for Transnational Threats on the National Security Council under
Presidents Clinton and George W. Bush. During his tenure, the Office of
Transnational Threats coordinated U.S. government policy relating to
terrorism, domestic preparedness, critical infrastructure protection and
international crime.

Prior to his service at the White House, he was associated with the Council on
Foreign Relations and Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison. In 1995, he
graduated from Harvard Law School cum laude and in 1990 graduated magna
cum laude from Harvard College.

Since leaving the White House, Mr. Wolosky has served as a consultant to
various agencies of the U.S. Government and as an expert witness before the
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (the "9/11
Commission"). He currently serves as a co-director of the Council on Foreign
Relations' Task Force on Terrorist Financing.

He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a member of the Alliance
for American Leadership (AAL), a founding member of Next Generation
Democrats, and a member of the Board of Directors of the Council for
Emerging National Security Affairs (CENSA). His recent articles have
appeared in WALL STREET JOURNAL EUROPE, THE INTERNATIONAL
HERALD TRIBUNE, THE LOS ANGELES TIMES and FOREIGN AFFAIRS,
among other places. He is an adjunct fellow at the Center for Strategic and
International Studies (CSIS) in Washington.

He is admitted to practice in New York.

http://64.78.7.98/_FOR-EXTERNAL-SITES/bsfllp/attorneyPrint/printinglayoutnew.cfm 12/20/2003
1 of 18 DOCUMENTS

Copyright 2003 The Christian Science Publishing Society
Christian Science Monitor (Boston, MA)

October 10, 2003, Friday

SECTION: USA; Pg. 02

LENGTH: 806 words

HEADLINE: Headway on the Al Qaeda money trail

BYLINE: By Faye Bowers Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor

DATELINE: WASHINGTON

HIGHLIGHT:
Top Treasury official claims vast reduction in terrorist cash flow - with long road ahead.

BODY:
Although Al Qaeda remains a formidable foe, those working to cut off its cash flow point to significant progress
since Sept. 11,2001.
This effort, say experts including a top Treasury official, is crucial to the war on terror because financing is "the
mother of intent" for terrorist activity. Among the accomplishments they claim:
* Al Qaeda's cash flow has been reduced by two thirds.
* $ 136.7 million in alleged terrorist funds, including $ 36.6 million in the US, have been frozen, in some 1,440
accounts.
* 320 people and organizations have been listed as Specially Designated Global Terrorists.
* 173 countries have frozen terrorist assets.
* 100 countries have passed new laws, making it more difficult for terrorists to transfer money and receive
assistance.
* 80 countries have created intelligence units to share information on terrorist financing.
* The UN Security Council passed resolutions 1372 and 1390 requiring member states to act against terrorism's
financiers.
* Three American charities - the Global Relief Foundation, Benevolence International Foundation, and Holy Land
Foundation for Relief and Development - were shuttered for alleged sponsorship of Al Qaeda.
* The US in August broadened its list of designated charities to include those providing funds for the Palestinian
Resistance Movement (or Hamas).
This progress is due, officials say, not only to unprecedented cooperation among US agencies and the international
community, but also to a new strategy, with laws and stiffer regulations that have made it harder to funnel money to
terrorist organizations.
2 of 18 DOCUMENTS

Copyright 2003 The New York Times Company
The New York Times

September 14, 2003, Sunday, Late Edition - Final

SECTION: Section 1; Page 1; Column 3; Foreign Desk

LENGTH: 1964 words

HEADLINE: TWO YEARS LATER: THE ARAB CONNECTION;
SAUDIS PROMISING ACTION ON TERROR

BYLINE: By DON VAN NATTA Jr. with TIMOTHY L. O'BRIEN

DATELINE: RIYADH, Saudi Arabia, Sept. 13

BODY:
Last month four senior American government officials traveled to Saudi Arabia to revisit the troubled topic of the
desert kingdom's antiterrorism efforts. Unsure of what to expect, the American delegation was pleasantly surprised
when a pro forma appointment with Crown Prince Abdullah went on for more than two hours.
During the trip the Saudis also committed themselves to carrying out a series of measures to combat terrorism,
United States law enforcement and intelligence officials said. Among the actions, Saudi officials said, were a ban on
cash contributions in local mosques and the removal of donation boxes for charities from shopping malls. American
officials believe that Saudi mosques and charitable organizations are crucial pipelines for terrorist financing.
The agreement signified unusual progress in the often tense and frustrating relations between the United States and
Saudi Arabia since 9/11. The Saudi government did not allow American law enforcement officials to interview the
families of the 9/11 hijackers in Saudi Arabia in the aftermath of the attacks, and were so forceful in their refusals that
American officials said this week that they simply gave up trying.
One senior law enforcement official said efforts to seek interviews with the 9/11 hijackers' families had more
recently "fallen through the cracks" in Washington. But he said that in the new openness between Saudi Arabia and the
United States, augured by the August meetings, American officials might broach the issue again. Another American
official in the Middle East said the Saudis offered limited cooperation by obtaining DNA samples from family members
of some of the hijackers and turning them over to Americans to help in identifying the hijackers' remains.
Also, the Saudis were scheduled to have their procedures to combat money laundering reviewed by an international
monitoring group this month. But they asked that the review be postponed, a United States official said. Such lapses
cause some veteran observers of Saudi Arabia to maintain reservations about the kingdom's counterterrorism efforts.
"I think the Saudi Arabian government's record, as far as dealing with terrorism, is mixed," said Senator Richard
C. Shelby, Republican of Alabama and chairman of the Senate Banking Committee, which will hold hearings on
terrorist financing later this month. "Since they were attacked on their own soil in May, they have acted more
aggressively. But if the past is any indication, I think they hope the terrorists will go away. And, at the end of the day,
that doesn't wash."
Adel al-Jubeir, the foreign affairs adviser to Crown Prince Abdullah, said that Al Qaeda's two main targets were the
United States and Saudi Arabia, and that the two nations had forged a working relationship to address the threat. "The
cooperation between our two countries is unprecedented," he said. "We are both in the same boat. Working together is
not a luxury; it is a necessity."