Each Cyber Attack Must Be Characterized As A Criminal Offense. Cyber Crimes Need To Identify, Prevent And Prosecute.

By Shukhrat Khakimov Humanity has entered into an era of cyberwarfare. The word "cyber" only 60 years old, and it corresponds to the name of Norbert Wiener. It involves new technologies, progress. The word "war" is already known to mankind for thousands of years. Consistent definition of war has given Carl von Clausewitz in his book "On War". According to von Clausewitz, "War is an instrument of policy, it must inevitably have a political nature. Therefore, the conduct of wars in its main outlines is the very policies that replaced the stylus on the sword." He writes - "War is an act of violence intended to compel the enemy to fulfill our will. To crush the enemy, we must match our efforts with the strength of his resistance, the latter represents the result of two non-factors: the amount of funds which it holds and force his will. "Well, then, that the war - an act of violence, it is understandable to all. The question - as in "cyberspace" may be "violence"? It turns can, and very simply and seriously. Violation of the normal functioning of government mechanisms is violence. In modern times, where many of the processes managed by computers, cyberspace is quite vulnerable. Create a suffering civilian population, and full-scale chaos in the economy in the hypothetical event of network failure is possible. And it is a great violence. According to the portal Hackerwatch.org, weekly in the world for more than 55 million shares of computer hackers, both successful and unsuccessful. The largest number of computer criminals is now based in Asia. The estimated consulting firm Computer Economics, in 2005, damage from hackers made $ 14 billion and growing every year. In doing so, according to this company, 65% of firms and organizations of the United States will not teach their employees the basics of computer security, and 67% - do not check what programs are contained in the computers of their employees. In turn, the company Absolute Software, based on the poll found that only 1% of the companies should be strictly corporate safety when working with a computer. IBM Corp. has calculated that only in the first 6 months of 2007, it was revealed almost 3.3 thousands of vulnerabilities in popular computer programs. Almost 52% of these flaws allow an attacker to obtain remote access to computers on which these programs were installed. Also in 2007, 10% of Internet sites containing ambiguous information (eg, pornography, incitement to violence, etc.), While 50% of the World Wide Web sites contain material that could infect the computers of visitors of these sites, or to disguise an attack by hackers, spammers, etc. The group of experts on computer security at Carnegie Mellon University's Computer Emergency Response Team (commonly known by the abbreviation CERT) has calculated that the new problems in computer security is found every 82 minutes. The American NGO Privacy Clearing House, acts as a watchdog in the United States stolen by hackers or lost personal data of individuals in the databases of the various structures. It is estimated that the structure for the period from January 2005 to January 2008 were stolen

or lost personal data of 218.6 million Americans (a population of approximately 302 million) - the possession of this information may be possible for an attacker to use other people's bank accounts, obtain loans, etc. On average, one such problem is recorded daily. Cyber security is a national security priority of the US government. Media reports, President Barack Obama pledged to make securing the nation's most vital computer networks a top economic and national security priority, broadly detailing the results of 60-day cyber security review that calls for a range of responses to help improve the security of information networks that power the government and the US economy. "Protecting this infrastructure will be a national security priority. We will ensure that these networks are secure, trustworthy and resilient." Obama said. "We will deter, prevent, detect, and defend against attacks and recover quickly from any disruptions or damage." As expected, Obama said he plans to create a new office at the White House to be led by a cyber security coordinator "responsible for orchestrating and integrating all cyber security policies for the government; working closely with the Office of Management and Budget to ensure agency budgets reflect those priorities; and, in the event of major cyber incident or attack, coordinating our response. "President Obama is right. He is one of the few contemporary politicians, who clearly sees the problems facing society. However, Cyber security should be a priority not only in relation to government agencies but also with regard to small and medium-sized businesses. Correctly noted Tom Patterson (author of "Mapping Security") - "Were this only a cybercrime issue, this new shift toward attacking America's heartland companies would be bad enough. But it's not, it's worse. With our economy in recession, and our national security now inseparably linked to our economic well being, key targets now include our business supply chains, critical infrastructure, and the labs and universities which feed American ingenuity and secure our prosperity ". So, to ensure cyber security public bodies and the creation of add security umbrella of protection for businesses. And what about the individuals? Just people - the most vulnerable society in modern life. We all know the Internet is a large and impersonal space. Sometimes there are publishing slanderous, libelous defamation, or any bullshit. The individual psyche can not be reserved for such libel. I think, plus all the listed measures to adopt universal law on cyber crimes and deal with them. A cyber attack, on the State, organization or individual should be classified as a crime. Cyber crime must be condemned, it is necessary to impose UN sanctions against the state - the infringer, and take steps the world community to eliminate these violent acts.

Shukhrat Khakimov, JD, Ph.D. in law, writer

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