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Each Cyber Attack Must Be Characterized As A Criminal Offense.

Cyber Crimes
Need To Identify, Prevent And Prosecute.

By Shukhrat Khakimov
Humanity has entered into an era of cyberwarfare. The word "cyber" only 60 years old,
and it corresponds to the name of Norbert Wiener. It involves new technologies, progress.
The word "war" is already known to mankind for thousands of years. Consistent
definition of war has given Carl von Clausewitz in his book "On War". According to von
Clausewitz, "War is an instrument of policy, it must inevitably have a political nature.
Therefore, the conduct of wars in its main outlines is the very policies that replaced the
stylus on the sword." He writes - "War is an act of violence intended to compel the enemy
to fulfill our will. To crush the enemy, we must match our efforts with the strength of his
resistance, the latter represents the result of two non-factors: the amount of funds which it
holds and force his will. "Well, then, that the war - an act of violence, it is understandable
to all. The question - as in "cyberspace" may be "violence"? It turns can, and very simply
and seriously. Violation of the normal functioning of government mechanisms is
violence. In modern times, where many of the processes managed by computers,
cyberspace is quite vulnerable. Create a suffering civilian population, and full-scale chaos
in the economy in the hypothetical event of network failure is possible. And it is a great
violence.
According to the portal Hackerwatch.org, weekly in the world for more than 55 million
shares of computer hackers, both successful and unsuccessful. The largest number of
computer criminals is now based in Asia. The estimated consulting firm Computer
Economics, in 2005, damage from hackers made $ 14 billion and growing every year. In
doing so, according to this company, 65% of firms and organizations of the United States
will not teach their employees the basics of computer security, and 67% - do not check
what programs are contained in the computers of their employees. In turn, the company
Absolute Software, based on the poll found that only 1% of the companies should be
strictly corporate safety when working with a computer.
IBM Corp. has calculated that only in the first 6 months of 2007, it was revealed almost
3.3 thousands of vulnerabilities in popular computer programs. Almost 52% of these
flaws allow an attacker to obtain remote access to computers on which these programs
were installed. Also in 2007, 10% of Internet sites containing ambiguous information (eg,
pornography, incitement to violence, etc.), While 50% of the World Wide Web sites
contain material that could infect the computers of visitors of these sites, or to disguise an
attack by hackers, spammers, etc.
The group of experts on computer security at Carnegie Mellon University's Computer
Emergency Response Team (commonly known by the abbreviation CERT) has calculated
that the new problems in computer security is found every 82 minutes. The American
NGO Privacy Clearing House, acts as a watchdog in the United States stolen by hackers
or lost personal data of individuals in the databases of the various structures. It is
estimated that the structure for the period from January 2005 to January 2008 were stolen
or lost personal data of 218.6 million Americans (a population of approximately 302
million) - the possession of this information may be possible for an attacker to use other
people's bank accounts, obtain loans, etc. On average, one such problem is recorded daily.
Cyber security is a national security priority of the US government. Media reports,
President Barack Obama pledged to make securing the nation's most vital computer
networks a top economic and national security priority, broadly detailing the results of
60-day cyber security review that calls for a range of responses to help improve the
security of information networks that power the government and the US economy.
"Protecting this infrastructure will be a national security priority. We will ensure that
these networks are secure, trustworthy and resilient." Obama said. "We will deter,
prevent, detect, and defend against attacks and recover quickly from any disruptions or
damage." As expected, Obama said he plans to create a new office at the White House to
be led by a cyber security coordinator "responsible for orchestrating and integrating all
cyber security policies for the government; working closely with the Office of
Management and Budget to ensure agency budgets reflect those priorities; and, in the
event of major cyber incident or attack, coordinating our response. "President Obama is
right. He is one of the few contemporary politicians, who clearly sees the problems facing
society. However, Cyber security should be a priority not only in relation to government
agencies but also with regard to small and medium-sized businesses. Correctly noted Tom
Patterson (author of "Mapping Security") - "Were this only a cybercrime issue, this new
shift toward attacking America's heartland companies would be bad enough. But it's not,
it's worse. With our economy in recession, and our national security now inseparably
linked to our economic well being, key targets now include our business supply chains,
critical infrastructure, and the labs and universities which feed American ingenuity and
secure our prosperity ".
So, to ensure cyber security public bodies and the creation of add security umbrella of
protection for businesses. And what about the individuals? Just people - the most
vulnerable society in modern life. We all know the Internet is a large and impersonal
space. Sometimes there are publishing slanderous, libelous defamation, or any bullshit.
The individual psyche can not be reserved for such libel. I think, plus all the listed
measures to adopt universal law on cyber crimes and deal with them. A cyber attack, on
the State, organization or individual should be classified as a crime. Cyber crime must be
condemned, it is necessary to impose UN sanctions against the state - the infringer, and
take steps the world community to eliminate these violent acts.

Shukhrat Khakimov, JD, Ph.D. in law, writer