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its suburbs to its outskirts to low-density, auto-dependent development on rural land, with associated design features that encourage car dependency. As a result, some critics argue that sprawl has certain disadvantages, including:
Long transport distances to work High car dependence Inadequate facilities eg: health, cultural. etc. Higher per-person infrastructure costs.
Discussions and debates about sprawl are often obfuscated by the ambiguity associated with the phrase. For example, some commentators measure sprawl only with the average number of residential units per acre in a given area. But others associate it with decentralization (spread of population without a well-defined center), discontinuity (leapfrog development, as defined below), segregation of uses, etc. (See Wrestling Sprawl to the Ground; Defining and Measuring an Elusive Concept for a detailed analysis of these definitions). The term urban sprawl generally has negative connotations due to the health, environmental and cultural issues associated with the phrase. Residents of sprawling neighborhoods tend to emit more pollution per person and suffer more traffic fatalities. Sprawl is controversial, with supporters claiming that consumers prefer lower density neighborhoods and that sprawl does not necessarily increase traffic. Sprawl is also linked with increased obesity since walking and bicycling are not viable commuting options. Sprawl negatively impacts land, air, and water quality, and may be linked to a decline in social capital.
Urban sprawl near Paris
Its urban expanse has pushed into two adjoining districts and swallowed up villages. and its rich history. Unfortunately. Disregarded. when it has everything to turn it into a metropolitan dream. WAPDA. this onslaught threatens to mutilate the peculiar urban character of this ancient metropolis like no previous invader. But if the current development trends continue. with overlapping functions and no coordination. It has grown on from the historical walled city and its individual burroughs have their distinct individual character. Incoherent and shortsighted. before they started developing it. Lahore has the seeds of growing into a charming next century metropolis. The problem lies with the outdated scale on which the planners insist to continue planning. The Inner City does not need thoroughfares and huge sewage lines. the Cantt. A uniform spade of development cannot build these localities. etc. It cannot be managed if they remain struck in terra-thinking. Large areas which logically from a part of the metropolis fall under the Lahore. everything but planners with a vision and respect for its history. its land and climate. TEPA. towards and farm-land around it. Lahore's growth has naturally taken a sane course. Stripped of any civic sense the new divisions are bureaucratic and arbitrary. The concentration of public offices and other facilities in the City makes it even worse. Without extensive networks of roads and public transport which match its huge size. have not solved problems but have created new ones. Lahore has become a medium sized towns. put one next to the other. Bombay and Calcutta. and not because of a plan. But one has to respect history to see it. Lahore has grown at least more than twice to become an impressive metropolitan area housing over 8 million inhabitants. LDA. Many projects designed for the future are not even adequate for present needs. the Model Town Society. Lahore can no longer be treated as a municipality. it will only level them into one big slum. needs to be . recent development measures threaten to turn it into an urban disaster. these pillars of strength become monsters which threaten to blow the house down. The tremendous expansion has made short work of all previously drawn maps and schemes which were obviously not designed to cater to this kind of growth. MCL. where Registration offices or civil courts have been relocated in redefined districts. Delhi. To be effective in what they do. It is that serious. The same period saw development work carried out at an unprecedented rate. It can only take an insensitive and low-intelligence set of town planners to overlook some of the most striking feature of the urban sprawl called Lahore. and the irrelevant administrative divisions they refuse to redefine. From above. So far the soul of the city has survived. The organization and division of administrative structures have to be radically redefined to meet the present needs. WASA. Board. it is certain to enter the next one in the company of urban nightmares such as Karachi. It is common to come across illconceived single development projects which have brought chaos to entire areas. They can then begin to appreciate the magnitude of their subject. This. it might not survive into the next century. Cases of decentralization. The time to save Lahore from the catastrophe that seems to be the fate of every large city in the region is running out. and various town and village committees. A plethora of civic agencies. Each borough needs to be developed according to its peculiar physical and historical circumstances in order to restore and strengthen its uniqueness.Lahore: The world's biggest metropolitan village By Jalees Hazir Over the past ten years. make coherent urban management even more difficult. Luckily. Shiekhupura and Kasur District Councils. the planners need to leave their chairs and board a plane. Its civic infrastructure which functioned extremely well. Only an aerial view can bring today's Lahore into focus. The current planning strategy completely ignores aspects which should be defining it: its present size. it will be clear that the metropolitan area which makes up today's Lahore is no longer contained by the Metropolitan Corporation. It is a nightmare for people to commute between most of these localities on overcrowded vehicles traversing badly charted routes and traffic jams are common. If there is no major rethinking and quick execution in the remaining years of the present millennium.
Before planning flyovers all over the place. this was appreciated by foreign rulers. it does not match the pace of development. One look at how the City has developed after independence will demonstrate the necessity of such measures.htm . Even along main roads are no trees to be found. and flowers with little effort. the new Defence is far cry from the lush older Cantt developed by the British. Planting trees along roadsides in new schemes is not enough anymore. large areas have to be declared exclusively for farms and forests. This gives the place a look of spaciousness. Lahore breathes with its trees. solitary trees rise like few and far between landmarks. the parts developed by the British are still the greenest in the City. Same is true for the City that the British founded. their garbage and sewage threatening to spill into these posh localities. The question is. this is considered to be the best part of modern day Lahore. They ignore the fact that the Lahore is situated in the middle of the most fertile plains in the world. they are completely developed. In the Eastern part. whether they were from Central Asia or Europe: they dug up canals. crops. history and greenery are not development luxuries. Historically.panjabilok. however. the old ones have been eaten up by encroachers and new ones were never planted. Its commercial overload needs to be redistributed. Now residential schemes and commercial areas have gobbled up most of the fields and the villages have been turned into slums. vegetables. In dug-up side streets and congested neighborhoods. they will be indistinguishable from the other claustrophobic older neighborhoods. Source: Journalists Resource Center of Lahore. This affords the unique possibility of urban development that can coexist with nature. from pollution that becomes more alarming every day. the area beyond the New Campus was agricultural. In Lahore's case. the green tradition has largely been dumped by native planners. To the planners. And history is not the only thing that the city planners are blind to. for how long? Ten years ago. and undertook intensive plantation. Once. the persistence of greenery can be attributed more to unfinished development than a concerted effort on part of the town planners. In the Southern Lahore. So far. History is the heart which makes it tick. fruits. The northern and western parts of the area under the Metropolitan Corporation are the worst examples. Serene villages stood amidst a sea of fields. Its development concerns are very different from Gulberg (posh locality of Lahore). may be it would have been wiser for the planners to check out the feasibility of a one-way traffic flow system in the entire area. and no development should be allowed there.net/pakistan/lahore_pak_metro. the areas has a climate that is ideal for growing an amazingly large number of trees. If the green character of the City is to be maintained. Though plantation is done more seriously here than in most other cities in the region. Without them Lahore would die of suffocation. Except for the southern stretch of the canal and isolated parks dotting some congested areas. . added to the diversity of fruits and plants grown here. http://static.preserved. and violence and intolerance which are the hallmark of big cities where the streets have no names. Development which is build to the essence of a place only defaces it. Its food and entertainment potential needs to be stopped. the new schemes have many undeveloped plots here construction is yet to be done. this jewel is just another area for development schemes of limited imagination. Outside Cantt. laid gardens. To top it off. Though most of the pre-British efforts have been encroached upon and diminished to obscurity.
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