Bicyclist

MICHIGAN
August 2013
PROMOTING BICYCLING AND THE SAFETY OF BICYCLISTS ON MICHIGAN ROADWAYS

Western UP on Bike-Friendly Roll
•• LMB Annual Awards

Also in this issue:

•• Reimagine Washtenaw •• Survivor Storytelling Project •• State Senator Rides ‘Hotspots’ •• Pedal and Paddle in Three Rivers •• And More
PALM Highlights State’s Bikeability Page 3 Advocacy Day Recap
Page 7

Bikes on Trains Test Ride
Back Page

“Small Revolutions” Create Change
The League of Michigan Bicyclists (LMB) is a 501(c)(3) non -prof it organiz ation devoted exclusively to the advancement of bicycling. Our mission is to promote b i c yc lin g an d in cr e as e th e s af e t y o f bicyclists on the roadways in Michigan. Michigan Bicyclist Magazine is a benefit of membership in LMB, and is published three times a year as part of the League’s ongoing efforts to inform Michigan cyclists, law enforcement, policy makers, the engineering and planning community, and others on issues affecting bicycling in Michigan.

STEVEN ROACH, LMB Board Chair What is today’s date? Wow, summer is almost over, and time really flies when you are having fun on your bike. accomplishments of each recipient are impressive. Congratulations to each recipient. On behalf of the LMB Board, we welcome our two newly elected board members, Sarah Colegrove and Sarah Sidelko. We look forward to working with them, and sharing with us their knowledge, insight and enthusiasm. They are great additions to the Board.

Michigan Bicyclist

Copyright © 2013 On the Cover: Sam Keranen of Painesdale, Michigan (age 3 when the photo was taken in November, 2009) biking the non-motorized Houghton Water front Trail. This 4.5 mile asphalt path along Portage Lake is popular with bike commuters, recreational riders, and pedestrians. The pathway, linking parks, neighborhoods, downtown Houghton and the Michigan Tech University campus, is an integral part of Houghton’s bicycle network and one reason the city of 8,000 is a Bike Friendly Community. For more information on bicycle planning and advocacy in the Western Upper Peninsula, please see page 6. Photo by Ray Sharp. Editor, Art & Design: JOHN LINDENMAYER Letters/Comments/Advertisements may be directed to: john@LMB.org

LMB Directors
DAVE BOURGEAULT ERICA BRIGGS COLLEEN BROWN JIM CARPENTER DAVID JONES VIC LUKASAVITZ, Treasurer RORY NEUNER, Vice Chair STEVEN ROACH, Chair BARBARA SCHMID, Secretary SARAH COLEGROVE SARAH SIDELKO MICHAEL SHEEAN

Your LMB makes having fun on your bike easy, particularly if you enjoyed one of the four supported tours LMB offers: Pedal and Paddle, Your LMB continues to advocate for your Sunrise, MUP, and Shoreline West. If you have rights, and we encourage you to join us. You not yet enjoyed one of these tours, mark it can help by responding to LMB’s calls for asdown now for next year. If you are looking for sistance or by calling on your state or federal a fun day ride, a challenge ride, or even an epic legislator to support bicycle-friendly policies. ride, check out LMB’s online Ride Calendar. Bicycle advocacy starts at home. You advoLMB started its outdoor fun with the Lucinda cate for the rights of cyclists to use the roadMeans bike parade on May 22. Following the ways when you ride your bike. You make a parade, LMB was back to business with the difference when use your bike to run errands; 2013 Advocacy Day. This edition reviews the to go to events; to go to dinner; to go to a pub; successes of Advocacy Day. Over 100 citizens to go to work; or just to enjoy your hometown. just like you attended and advocated for our Each revolution of your pedals makes a differrights as cyclists. A special thank you to each ence – you will create change. of them. Create change – get on your bike and ride. •• This edition also reports on the LMB awards, which were announced at Advocacy Day. The

Staff
Photo cour tesy of Jim LeMay, MDOT Photography Unit

RICH MOELLER Executive Director rich@LMB.org

Printed with recycled content

JOHN LINDENMAYER Advocacy & Policy Director, Webmaster john@LMB.org JENNY JENSEN Associate Director jenny@LMB.org

League of Michigan Bicyclists
416 S. Cedar St. Suite A, Lansing, MI 48912 (888) 642-4537 | (517) 334-9100 www.LMB.org
Socialize with LMB - Find us at www.LMB.org
Chief Operations Officer for the Michigan Department of Transportation Greg Johnson (far right) enjoys bicycling with MDOT staff and bicycle advocates in the Grand Region. The June 13, 2013 event was the second in a series of bicycle rides and meetings MDOT staff has hosted in an effort to better engage representatives from the bicycle advocacy community across the state.

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From the Big Wheel
RICH MOELLER, LMB Executive Director The cover photo on this magazine and the 2013 Ride Calendar both show children on bicycles. It was not by design, but I think that it is a very clear signal to the value of the work LMB is doing to promote bicycling and make the roadways safe to ride on. As a society, we always seem to want instant gratification. Whether it is getting from point A to B as fast as possible; or talking on the cell phone while we are driving, or how we tend to check our email constantly on our cell phones. Same goes for our efforts to improve bikeability in our communities – we want to see major infrastructure changes happen quickly and we want the mindset of roadway users and politicians to change overnight. In reality though, that’s just not how it works. We can never let ourselves get frustrated that changes are not coming fast enough for us to enjoy. There is a story about an old man building a bridge who is asked why he is building the bridge since he is so old that he won’t be around much longer to enjoy it. He responds by saying the bridge is not for himself, but for the young person that will pass by after him. We will not change the mindset of drivers and politicians significantly over the next few years. Nor will we convert every street into a Complete Street within the next few years. But if we don’t start now, we will never get there. Think what Michigan roadways would look like if 25 years ago we had passed a Complete Streets policy. Think what the mindset of drivers and politicians would be today if 25 years ago we had a comprehensive bicycle education program for our youth. Being a grandpa has made me realize more than ever that what I am doing now to promote safe bicycling is not for me, but really for my grandchildren. This alone strengthens my resolve. ••

Pedal and Paddle Receives Warm Welcome from Three Rivers
LMB’s Pedal and Paddle Tour held on May 18-19 in Three Rivers, MI was blessed with excellent weather. The local planning committee spent months working on the event and was rewarded for their efforts with a great weekend to showcase the River Country area. We want to thank all the local volunteers for their efforts. 49 riders participated in our first Pedal and Paddle Tour held in Three Rivers. Riders from Wisconsin, Ohio, and Michigan took part in the two-day event. The youngest was 19 and the oldest was 75. As usual, the women out numbered the men. Saturday’s ride showcased the Amish settlements and the rivers that surround Three Rivers. Not only were we treated with seeing many Amish on the roads in their buggies as we rode by, but the route took us past a live farm auction, where there were 80-100 buggies tied up out front. We also rode by the old Rawson King Gristmill constructed in 1873 and hidden away between Mendon and Vicksburg. Riders then pedaled through the Langley Covered Bridge, which is the longest remaining wooden covered bridge in the state of Michigan. The bridge is named for Thomas W. Langley and family, pioneers who helped establish the village of Centreville in the mid-19th century. In fact, Langley was the very first settler in Centreville. After enjoying a wonderful lunch at the Covered Bridge Park on the St. Joseph River, we headed back into Three Rivers to catch a shuttle bus upstream where we put our kayaks and canoes in the water for a relaxing afternoon on the Rocky River. St. Joseph County has more than 150 miles of navigable rivers – more than any other Michigan county – thus making the ‘River Country’ name tied to the county entirely appropriate. While we only paddled a few of those miles, participants enjoyed seeing many highlights, including passing under the Old Grass Bridge. That evening we were treated to a special short film festival in the historic Riviera Theatre in downtown Three Rivers. This jewel has been restored to its original grandeur and was a hit with everyone who attended. We started Sunday off with breakfast in Meyer-Broadway Park. The local caterer served their famous French toast which was a hit with everyone. We then proceeded to explore the lakes region west of Three Rivers, where riders had the chance to see the Old Grass Bridge from the topside – the same bridge we floated under the day before. Sunday’s ride had many rolling hills, making the views spectacular. As the riders headed home, they did so with the satisfaction that comes with a great weekend of riding. LMB and the local planning committee are already hard at work to make the 2014 Pedal and Paddle even better. This event, like all LMB tours, is an important funding source for LMB’s advocacy and education efforts to make Michigan a more bicycle-friendly state. Please help us help make Michigan a better place to ride by participating in one of our tours in 2014. Learn more at www.LMB.org/tours.

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PALM XXXII: Putting the Pedal to Family Rides
ELIZABETH PHILIPS SHAW, Communications Coordinator, Michigan Municipal League Don’t be fooled by the endless sea of pink-shirted cyclists that rolled into Luna Pier on June 28 after six days on the road. The PALM bike tour is not for sissies. Wait a sec. Yes it is. And also for babies. And seniors. And those with disabilities. In fact, for 32 years Pedal Across Lower Michigan has been empowering, educating, and engaging cyclists of all ages, shapes and sizes. PALM sends out a loud and clear public message that bicycling is accessible to everyone. And those are not just empty words. Daily optional add-on routes allow more riders of various athletic levels to participate without cramping the style of faster riders. The PALM committee makes sure special needs are addressed with a minimum of fuss. Each year’s century ride (a one-day, 100-mile optional route midway on the tour) is dedicated to the memory of Kevin Degen, a faithful PALM rider with cerebral palsy who was a prominent and popular role model and fund raiser for those with special needs until his death at age 52 in 2010. On this year’s ride, I saw young people with autism and Down’s Syndrome, two blind cyclists, hundreds of seniors on various styles of recumbent and tri-wheeled cycles, and countless families pedaling with an array of baby trailers, youth trail-a-bikes, and even multi-rider tandems. Free children’s activities are offered at the end of each day’s ride. A tireless army of 50-75 volunteer PALM staffers are patrolling the roads, staffing closely spaced rest stops, and preparing each night’s site accommodations so that even those completely new to multi-day touring feel safe and confident about pedaling hundreds of miles across the entire state. From June 21-28, 2013, I biked PALM XXXII from Norton Shores on Lake Michigan to Luna Pier on Lake Erie as part of my job for the Michigan Municipal League, which advocates on behalf of municipalities to help build and sustain highly livable communities with a unique sense of place. Since physical design and walk- and bike- ability are key components to that goal, PALM was a great opportunity to see what Complete Streets progress is being made and to experience bikeability issues across the state literally from the pavement up. I got a taste of bike-unfriendly behavior in Norton Shores on my first day on the tour. Some of us were riding the shoreline drive to wet our rear tires in Lake Michigan, a time-honored PALM tradition to christen the start of the ride, when a driver yelled at us to “get those bikes off the road.” He was the rarity, of course. Everywhere on the route, I encountered drivers who smiled and waved as they passed, and cars that slowed and waited patiently behind a group of riders until they had ample clearance
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“Pedal Across Lower Michigan” Highlights State’s Bikeability

to move ahead. While waiting for the light at an intersection in Clinton, a friendly female passenger rolled down her car window to ask where we were all from. “Everywhere!” one rider called back, returning the smile as the light turned green and we all rolled forward together across the busy street. Bicycle safety education can go a long way toward ensuring both cyclists and drivers understand and obey the rules to share the road safely and efficiently. League of American Bicyclists (LAB) certified instructor Al Lauland teaches a free bike safety class every evening during PALM. But unless an education component is written into new legislation, it’s pretty much impossible to get the subject into any driver’s education curriculum. “There is a very common misconception among motorists that bikes should not be on the road. If we had some education going on maybe that could change,” said Lauland. “Bikes fare best when they act and are treated as vehicles. In my estimation, the number one component to making Michigan more bike-friendly is to get drivers educated on how to share the road with bikes and educate cyclists on how to share the road with cars.” We rode from Norton Shores to Grandville past rolling fields of blueberry bushes and asparagus fields, and quaint farmhouses and cottages overlooking quiet wetlands and lakes. We savored a midmorning watermelon break on the shady shore of a slow-moving river at Eastmanville Bayou Park. In Allendale, the school band boosters treated us to a fundraising lunch of sandwiches and homemade cookies in the shade, serenaded by tuba players playing Louie Louie. We pedaled through rainstorms from Lake Odessa to Charlotte, and sheltered beneath a park pavilion in Vermontville, where the village church opened its doors to hundreds of drenched cyclists seeking a clean, dry restroom break. The night before the tour hit Freeport, the owner of the Shamrock Tavern told us she’d packed more than 100 box lunches in anticipation of drawing even a fraction of the 800+ tourists cycling through town. We sipped icy slushes next to a river dam in downtown Manchester, and gorged on pulled pork sandwiches at the Grass Lake Diner. In Dansville, the mayor greeted us in the gym of the K-12 school, joking that we’d tripled the population of her village when we camped there overnight. In Washtenaw County, the Ann Arbor Bicycle Touring Society hosted a rest stop heaped with fresh fruit and homemade cookies. So it surprised me to learn from route planner Gary Kenyon that some communities want no part of being on the PALM route, which changes each year. The reason is simple. “They’re concerned about cyclists interfering with traffic,” said Kenyon.

“The east side is worse than west side; everybody is in a rush. The car is still king.” As anyone who’s ever planned a tour route undoubtedly knows, Kenyon spends months each year working out the complexities of moving hundreds of cyclists safely through heavily populated communities with minimum impact on traffic flow. In Kent County this year, he had to nix plans to camp at Grandville High School because it was right across from a major shopping mall on a busy multi-lane highway. Even so, leaving the middle school we had to crisscross a subdivision to avoid about three miles of heavy traffic on the main road. Complete Streets policies are slowly changing this dynamic, but the underlying need to fix the state’s aging transportation infrastructure is a lengthy and costly process made even more challenging by shrinking local revenues. As of this writing, the state legislature has yet to vote on future transportation funding. On Wednesday’s ride from Dansville to Manchester, PALM “Mail Granny” Ellie Knesper received an email from a self-described “concerned mom and citizen.” Here’s an excerpt: “Austin (Road) is a 55 mph no shoulder road… a major route for gravel trucks which I (find) particularly intimidating as I am forced to be nose to nose with them time and time again...PALM, find another route, a safe and appropriate one for the sake of your riders and my children!” I certainly understood this driver’s frustration trying to get past our endless line of cyclists. But I wonder if she realizes that her complaints exactly mirror those of most cyclists? She doesn’t think bikes belong on a “55 mph no shoulder road” in heavy truck traffic, and I wholeheartedly agree. I would like nothing better than to always ride on a separate nonmotorized path, or on a wide paved shoulder that’s marked as a dedicated bike lane. And I think it’s a pretty safe bet that most cyclists feel the same. But find a “safe and appropriate” route across Michigan where drivers are never forced to move into the oncoming lane to pass a cyclist? To be honest, I’m not sure that route exists, at least not in its entirety. And that is exactly why, even people who would never, ever ride a bicycle should be standing on a soap box, demanding that Michigan’s roadways be made safe and accessible for all users. If we want a physically fit population that uses less fossil fuel and engages in healthy activities that promote family and community interaction, then we need to support the kind of laws and infrastructure that encourage it. That’s why PALM donates $1 from each registration fee to LMB’s advocacy efforts, said PALM Chair Kevin Novess Sr. Rides like the PALM empower us all to share the road. Now we all need to do our part to ensure those roads are fit to share. ••

Top Left: Elizabeth Philips Shaw, Communications Coordinator, Michigan Municipal League dips her front tire into Lake Erie at the end of PALM XXXII. Top Right: Local police and fire trucks led the PALM parade celebrating the ride’s end at Luna Pier on June 28. Bottom: These three cycling connoisseurs use the PALM each year as an opportunity to put aside their regular road bikes and show off their works of art. Left to right: Dave Talsma of Swartz Creek and Her Majesty, an ANT Truss bike, artist Mike Flanigan’s hand-built replica of a 1903 Iver Johnson track racing bike; Kim Moon of Flint and Sir Walter Raleigh, a 1930’s single speed light touring Raleigh converted to a 5-speed; and Frank Rotondo of Farmington and his hand-made Stan Ridge touring bike.

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Washtenaw Avenue — A Future Complete Street
NATHAN VOGHT, Economic Development Specialist, Washtenaw County Office of Community & Economic Development

Washtenaw Avenue runs through the heart of Washtenaw County – a five-mile stretch of state trunkline that connects the Cities of Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti. The roadway is typical of many found in the State of Michigan: sprawling, unplanned commercial development, with an auto-oriented design, intended to move traffic and facilitate access to adjacent business with the automobile. The heavy traffic, peak hour congestion, high speeds, wide lanes, numerous curb-cuts, no bike lanes, and missing sidewalks means a dangerous and unfriendly environment for all users, but particularly walkers and bikers. Beginning in 2008, Washtenaw County led an effort to work with the four communities through which the corridor traversed, the Cities of Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti, and Townships of Pittsfield and Ypsilanti, to revitalize the corridor and “re-imagine” its possibilities. It made sense to initiate this kind of effort, not only for congestion, safety and other physical issues, but because the corridor is a vital transportation network. A diverse set of institutions, commercial areas, and urban centers rely on the corridor for exchange of goods, services, and customers. There are two public universities, one college, two hospitals, 4,500 housing units, and the County’s two biggest cities. US-23 also has a major interchange on the corridor, funneling thousands of drivers every day to various destinations. The Washtenaw Avenue corridor carries about 4,000 transit users per weekday, on top of between 25,000 and 40,000 vehicles per day. The Ann Arbor Area Transportation Authority (the bus system that serves the two largest urban areas in the County) operates a bus line along the corridor, and is experiencing double-digit annual ridership growth. A plan emerged in 2010 to redevelop the corridor around public transit, pulsing high-density, mixed-use development nodes at seven strategic locations along the length of the corridor. Encouraging development at these strategic “node” intersections in conjunction with adjacent enhanced, modern bus stops is the key economic development strategy for the effort. A Complete Streets approach is being used, which considers all users of a roadway, not just vehicles. The communities are reviewing bicycle lane and pedestrian network designs along the entire length of the 5-mile corridor. The communities recognize that being a multi-modal corridor, providing safer and reasonable alternatives to the automobile, is also an economic development strategy. It’s also a necessity, in that the corridor will con-

tinue to increase in congestion and start to “fail” for automobiles more frequently. By encouraging denser development, more housing, and concentrating commercial development in walkable nodes, trip lengths will decrease, and drivers will increasingly use transit, bikes, and walking as a mode of transportation, all of which reduce roadway congestion and add capacity. There is growing demand for livable, walkable communities with different transportation choices available. The “market” right now is statistically dominated by Baby Boomers and Millennials, who are both seeking livable, walkable, vibrant neighborhoods with transportation choices and access to cultural, service, and recreational facilities. ReImagine Washtenaw is actively working on multiple fronts to implement the previously-adopted 2010 vision. Reimagine Washtenaw is using HUD funding to review corridor alternatives for adding bike lanes, dedicated transit lanes, sidewalks, transit stops, mid-block crossings and other facilities that better balance auto traffic with other modes. Most scenarios being considered require “mode-shift” to successfully address the increasing congestion on the corridor. This is not lost on the planners leading the effort, so they recently brought the largest employers together with Smart Growth America to study Transportation Demand Management (TDM) strategies. TDM includes a menu of options for employers to consider that reduce impacts at peak periods on the corridor. For example, a TDM best practice may be to allow employees to telecommute once per week, or provide free bus passes for its employees, or charging more for on-campus parking to discourage the use of an automobile. An effort is also underway to allow the buses on the corridor to control the lights along the corridor, which would allow a bus to get through a green light to stay on schedule. Finally, all four communities are updating their Master Plans and Zoning Ordinances to require compact, dense, walkable development in the future. Appropriate development regulations should be in place by 2014. ••

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Western Upper Peninsula on a Bike-friendly Roll
RAY SHARP, Manager of Community Planning and Preparedness at Western U.P. Health Department and and avid bike commuter

The rugged and remote Keweenaw Peninsula is known as a mountain biking mecca, with an International Mountain Bicycling Association “Epic Ride Center” in Copper Harbor, which has some of the gnarliest single-track trails and toughest races in the Midwest, and recently was featured in several national magazines. Meanwhile, a core group of cycling advocates have been working quietly for years to make streets in the region’s small towns friendlier for bike commuters.

The Keweenaw’s largest city, Houghton, was named a Bike Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists in 2010 and Houghton’s Michigan Tech University was awarded Bike Friendly Campus status in 2013. In order to coAlso on tap for the summer of 2014 is ordinate bike planning and promoa major highway repaving project on tion efforts and reach out beyond the four miles of M-26 from Hancock, east Houghton city limits, volunteers from through Ripley to Dollar Bay. This section Houghton, Hancock, and Calumet have of two-lane state highway is avoided by formed a new regional advocacy group, local cyclists because of narrow, crumBike Initiatives Keweenaw, or BIKE! bling shoulders. Through a $500,000 BIKE! founders helped the bike and peenhancement grant, MDOT will upgrade destrian committees of Houghton and bike facilities along this stretch that links Hancock conduct a cycling survey last Houghton and Hancock to the Torch Lake fall and analyze and map the results. shoreline communities of Tamarack City, More than 700 people from a twoHubbell and Lake Linden. From Hancock city population of 14,000 responded to Ripley, there will be a 4-foot paved to the on-line survey, describing their bike lane, a curb and gutter, and beyond bike commuting routes and how often that, a raised 4-foot multi-use path. From they ride those routes in each season. Ripley to Dollar Bay, MDOT will provide Volunteers aggregated the data and an 8-foot paved shoulder with rumble produced maps of principal routes in strips. The Houghton and Hancock bike An eight-foot asphalt non-motorized trail was installed October 2011 Houghton and Hancock, color-coded and pedestrian committees have met to connect residential and commercial neighborhoods in Portage by total trips per season. More than with MDOT engineers several times to Township with the Houghton’s waterfront and downtown area. 20,000 bike trips per year were reportmake suggestions and review plans for ed on Houghton’s College Avenue and the project, including redesigned bike across the Portage Lift Bridge, extraordinary figures for an area with six access from the Portage Lift Bridge to M-26. This partnership will ensure months of winter and up to 300 inches of snow per year. that the project addresses cyclists’ concerns and advances the goal of developing safe bike commuting routes to the Houghton-Hancock area Survey results including route maps, trip data and comments are used to from all directions. identify needs and prioritize infrastructure improvements. The Houghton Bike and Pedestrian Committee incorporated findings into its Non- BIKE! hopes to work with government officials in Hancock and Calumet Motorized Transportation Plan, which was approved by the city’s plan- to adopt Complete Streets policies and bike plans, to raise awareness ning commission and council in June as part of a five-year master plan. of cycling through education and promotion, and to advocate for safer The plan documents improvements to bike and pedestrian facilities cycling conditions, all part of its stated mission of “empowering people since a prior survey and bike plan was conducted in 2007, and identi- to ride bikes more often.” Local cyclists envision a future when the Kefies projects for the next few years, including more bike lanes and bike weenaw region will be known as a great place to bike for daily transporracks, installation of signs for safety and way-finding, and development tation, as well as for mountain biking. of a bike boulevard connecting West Houghton with the university area For more information, see the BIKE! web site, www.bikeinitiativekeon the east side of town. weenaw.org, and find Houghton policies and plans at www.cityofIn 2010, Houghton passed a bike-parking ordinance for apartments houghton.com. •• and businesses, and a Complete Streets ordinance, the first of its kind
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in the Upper Peninsula. The bike and pedestrian committee filled out the League’s on-line Bike Friendly Community application in July of that year with the intention of using it as a planning rubric and gap analysis. Houghton was pleased to receive the bronze-level BFC award on its first try, and has reapplied this summer in hopes of moving to the silver level. Improvements over the last three years include additional paved bike lanes, bike parking facilities and connector trails, expanded Bike to Work Day and May Bike Month activities in workplaces and schools, Safe Routes to School planning, and plans for crosswalk improvements near the elementary and high school funded for 2014.

100+ Attend 2013 Bicycle Advocacy Day
On Wednesday, May 22nd, LMB hosted the 8th Annual Lucinda Means Bicycle Advocacy Day at the State Capitol in partnership with Michigan Trails and Greenways Alliance (MTGA), Michigan Mountain Biking Association (MMBA), and our newest host partner, Programs to Educate All Cyclists (PEAC).
The 8th Annual event was our largest and most coordinated Advocacy Day to date. Despite the inclement weather, many kicked off the day of action by participating in the morning ride down Michigan Avenue to the State Capitol. After a group photo on the Capitol steps and brief overview of the 2013 legislative priorities, over 100 bicyclists sporting bicycle lapel pins participated in 95 pre scheduled face-to-face meetings with Michigan legislators and/or staff. Advocates also assisted in dropping off literature to an additional 53 legislative offices, as well as the offices of Governor Snyder and Lieutenant Governor Calley. “Every year, we as a diverse cycling community, including mountain bikers, road riders, rail-trail advocates, are getting better and better at reaching our legislators with a unified slate of agenda items for a more bicycle-friendly Michigan. It’s important that we keep building on this event by increasing the number of bicyclists who participate each year,” said Nancy Krupiarz, MTGA Executive Director.
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The legislative priorities for this year’s Advocacy Day included: • Protecting vulnerable roadway users by establishing enhanced penalties for injuring or killing bicyclists • Establishing a standard for safe passing of bicyclists on Michigan roads • Revising the right turn hand signal to make an extended right arm legal in Michigan • Allowing bicyclists to bypass malfunctioning traffic lights • Supporting a new Michigan trails and greenways license plate to fund local trail projects • Preventing the raid on Natural Resources Trust Fund dollars available for trails projects • Adequately funding safe transportation infrastructure that supports multi-modal use A special emphasis was placed on the vulnerable roadway user legislation during the legislative meetings. Advocates hand delivered cosponsorship memos from Representatives McBroom and Nathan who sponsored the bipartisan bill package to create enhanced penalties for reckless drivers who injure or kill bicyclists on Michigan roadways. In a parallel effort, a virtual lobby day was held online where bicyclists See ADVOCACY DAY, page 9

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ADVOCACY DAY, cont. from page 7 from across the state emailed their representatives to urge them to cosponsor the bill package. In total, 161 emails were sent to 74 separate Representatives during the short online action. The combined effort paid off, with 15 Representatives signing on as co-sponsors to the bills. The vulnerable roadway user bills were introduced shortly after Advocacy Day as HB 4792 and HB 4799. Both were referred to the Criminal Justice Committee, chaired by Representative Heise, who has since committed to holding a hearing on the legislation. cycling enthusiasts,” stated Ted Welsh, Director of Advocacy for MMBA, who served on the Advocacy Day planning committee. After the legislative meetings, numerous legislators participated in our luncheon on the Capitol lawn, including Representative Wayne Schmidt, Chair of the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, who presented LMB’s John Lindenmayer with a framed copy of a House Resolution 142 proclaiming May as Bike Month in Michigan.

Following the Bike Month presentation, “PEAC was excited to be a new partner LMB held a short annual meeting where for Advocacy Day because individuLMB Board Chair Steven Roach presentals with disabilities do not have an easy ed a slate of board candidates for the venue to share ideas. Advocacy Day membership to vote on. See page 11 for provided a unique opportunity for our more about the election. students to share their stories, said John During the Advocacy Day luncheon, Waterman, Executive Director of PEAC. LMB also presented our 2013 Awards “Non-motorized transportation is big for Representative Wayne Schmidt, Chair of the Transportation and Into numerous bicyclists who embody people with disabilities. For many, nonfrastructure Committee, presenting LMB’s John Lindenmayer with a the mission of the organization in our motorized transportation is the only way framed copy of a House Resolution 142 proclaiming May as Bike Month in Michigan. work to promote and advance bicycling they can get where they need to be. We across the state. You can read more need to guarantee access for all and proabout our 2013 award recipients on tect non-motorized users through policy page 10. We once again congratulate these individuals for their efforts such as the proposed vulnerable roadway user legislation.” to make Michigan a more bicycle-friendly state. After Advocacy Day, LMB received numerous communications from lawmakers requesting additional copies of the various publications that The day was concluded with a post-event bicycle tour around the City of they received during Advocacy Day including the Michigan Ride Calen- Lansing, guided by Tim Potter of MSU Bikes and Andy Kilpatrick, a local dar, What Every Michigan Bicyclist Must Know and What Every Young Michi- cyclist and engineer for the City of Lansing who highlighted a number of gan Bicyclist Must Know, and the Michigan Trail Director. Additionally, our recently installed bicycle facilities around the city. Michigan Bicycling infographic was well received (see previous page). We hope you will join us in 2014 for this important day of action where “As a first time attendee, I was impressed with the organization and the enthusiasm of the cyclists who participated. It was rewarding to be able to remind our legislators of the fact that many of their constituents are cyclists speak with one voice to improve bicycling in Michigan. In 2014, Advocacy Day is scheduled for May 21. ••

LMB is seeking bicyclists from across the state, from communities large and small, to help advance bicycling in Michigan. The Ambassador Program is a new LMB program aimed at building a strong network of volunteers across Michigan. An Ambassador’s duties depend completely on you! We work with you and what you feel comfortable doing to help your community and Michigan become more bicycle-friendly. Involvement depends on your interest and available time. Sign up or learn more by contacting Jenny at jenny@ LMB.org or visiting www.LMB.org/ambassador.

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2013 LMB Award Recipients
Annually, LMB recognizes Michigan bicyclists that embody the mission of LMB in our work to promote and advance bicycling across the state. Our 2013 award recipients were honored at a luncheon on the Capitol Lawn during the Lucinda Means Bicycle Advocacy Day held on May 22nd. Please join us in congratulating our 2013 honorees for their leadership and dedication.

Bob Gibbs Passion for Pedaling Award Donna Moll
Donna has been a life longcyclist, and an inspiration to many since she began long distance touring in her youth in Michigan and New England. In 2003 she rode across America from San Diego to St. Augustine raising $38,000 for Breast Cancer in her 76th year. But riding for her own enjoyment is not the only way she inspires bicyclists. She has been a local ride leader for the past 12 years and continually invites new people to enjoy the sport of cycling. She starts each of her rides with a short lecture on some aspect of bicycle safety. In 2005, she organized the first Ride of Silence event in Boyne City. In 2006, she brought together a wide range of stakeholders in the Boyne City area to improve the interface between cyclists and motorists.

Bicycle Advocate Award Bryan Waldman
Bryan is an active bicycle racer, participating in road races, criteriums and cyclecross. When not racing he is pursuing his career as a lawyer with the Sinas Dramis Law Firm. Over the last 20 years, he has represented numerous cyclist and outdoor athletes. Most are cyclists hit by cars or injured in dog attacks. This past summer he represented LMB’s John Lindenmayer in his successful defense against an “Impeding Traffic” ticket. He authored A Legal Handbook For Michigan Cyclists, which is available through his firm. He has also assisted LMB over the past year by writing position papers on various bills affecting bicyclists. Locally, Bryan has developed a standard letter pointing out the risks of sub standard road conditions that he sends to local road authorities whenever he encounters a road that is dangerous for bicyclists.

LMB Volunteer Award Terri Riopelle

Terri has been a Jim Dougherty long-time LMB vol2013 LMB Award Recipients (Top to Bottom), all Distinguished unteer. Over the with Rich Moeller, LMB Executive Director: Bicycle years, she has volService Award Advocate Award - Bryan Waldman; Bob Gibbs Passion unteered for the for Pedaling Award - Donna Moll (Photo of Jerry Swift Michael Sproul accepting the award on behalf of Donna Moll, with Bob Sunrise and MUP BiMichael has been a long Gibbs); Jim Dougherty Distinguished Service Award cycle Tours and has time LMB supporter and Michael Sproul; LMB Volunteer Award - Terri Riopelle; been a tireless advolunteer. In 1998 he beCommunity Support for Bicycling Award - Auburn vocate for bicycling Hills Police Department (accepted by Officer Brian came a member of the in the Alpena area. Miller). Not pictured: Bicycle Educator Award - Fred Board of Directors. Over Schaafsma; Ralph Finneren Encouragement Award In 2012, she was inthe years he has volunRe-Bicycle Lenawee. strumental in the teered for various LMB relocation of the tours and other events, in Sunrise Bicycle Tour from Rogers City to Alpena, working with various addition to serving on the LMB board. He has been a tireless advocate community leaders to encourage them to pursue becoming the host for bicycling in his community. He can often be seen attending various city for the event. She then took a leadership role in recruiting a planning public meetings vocalizing the need for accommodations for bicyclists. committee made up of local residents in the Alpena area. Her tireless ef- He routinely works with bike shops in his community to make sure that forts helped make the first Sunrise Tour in Alpena a huge success. See AWARDS, next page
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AWARDS , cont. from page 10

LMB Holds Annual Meeting — Welcomes New & Returning Board Members
LMB held their annual meeting on May 22nd in conjunction with the 2013 Lucinda Means Bicycle Advocacy Day. The annual meeting was held in Lansing during the luncheon on the Capitol Lawn where LMB Board Chair Steven Roach presented a slate of board candidates for the attending membership to vote on. LMB is pleased to welcome Sarah Sidelko to the LMB Board. Sarah was part of the initial core-group that developed and coordinated Back Alley Bikes (Detroit) in 2001-2007. In the Fall of 2009, she helped to co-found Fender Bender Detroit. Fender Bender is a women, queer and trans centered bicycle workspace rooted in justice principles that values the bicycle as an accessible and fair transportation option and also as a vehicle for transformation within Detroit. The Fender Bender Detroit shop also organizes a bi-yearly seven week mechanic training series, public-access repair hours, community conversations, group rides, private tours, as well as sells and rents refurbished bicycles. Sarah has also worked closely with Wheelhouse Detroit as an employee, and currently teaches on-site bi-monthly bike maintenance classes. We are also excited to welcome Sarah Colegrove to the board. Sarah has been practicing law for 21 years. Her firm, Briggs Colegrove, P.C., often help athletes injured in bicycle and sportsrelated accidents. She co-authors articles for the LMB’s Michigan Bicyclist Magazine that address legal issues facing cyclists. She serves on the Board of Directors of Back Alley Bikes in Detroit, and is an avid cyclist. Sarah looks forward to serving on the Board of Directors to help further the LMB’s goal of promoting cycling and safety on Michigan roadways. Rounding out the election slate, Rory Neuner of Lansing and Jim Carpenter of Redford were both reelected to serve another term on the LMB board. Jim formerly served as Board Chair and Rory currently serves as Vice Chair.

they have LMB educational materials and Ride Calendars. He has served as a liaison with numerous local bike clubs. Michael has also advocated for safe cycling by regularly meeting with local and state politicians. He attends LMB’s Bicycle Advocacy Day each spring, and often meets with his state legislators when they are back in their district. Michael stepped off the LMB Board in 2013 and become a member of LMB’s new Ambassador Program where he will continue his outstanding service to bicycling in Michigan.

Community Support for Bicycling Award Auburn Hills Police Department
Auburn Hills Police Department (AHPD) has been a great advocate and supporter for bicycling in Auburn Hills, MI. They have a dedicated force that works to keep the roads of Auburn Hills safe for motorists, pedestrians, and bicyclists. AHPD sends officers to area health and safety events, distributes safety booklets for bicyclists including LMB’s What Every Michigan Bicyclist Must Know, and hosts trainings for officers to better understand the Michigan Vehicle Code as it applies to bicyclists. They are performing community outreach around local Complete Streets implementation to ensure the public is aware of the new infrastructure improvements. The Auburn Hills Police Department is a shining example of how supportive a police department can be of bicyclists and other multimodal options of transportation.

Bicycle Educator Award Fred Schaafsma (posthumously)
Bicyclists in Michigan and the Traverse City area lost a tireless bicycle educator in November of 2012 with the passing of Fred Schaafsma. For his services, we honored Fred posthumously with the Bicycle Educator Award. Fred was a member of the Cherry Capital Cyclist Club. He organized their Education and Safety Committee and worked with and through that group to make the Grand Traverse area a better place for bicycling. He was also concerned about statewide issues and annually attended LMB’s Advocacy Day and worked with LMB staff on various bicycle safety issues. Not only was Fred a passionate educator, he loved to have fun and compete. Many would say what made him so special was his wide-ranging interests and his passion for people and his passion for cycling. He would often remark, “who is going to look out for these kids?”

Ralph Finneren Encouragement Award Re-Bicycle Lenawee
Re-Bicycle Lenawee is a bicycle co-operative in Adrian, MI dedicated to refurbishing donated bicycles to any person interested in riding for transportation, fitness or fun. Re-Bicycle Lenawee provides bicycle safety education and equipment along with the bicycles. Anyone is eligible to receive a bike, but their priority has always been children, the homeless, those on public assistance and the working poor. The organization has no paid staff, but a small group of volunteers work with clients to repair bicycles and educate them. They also sponsor local recreational rides and support other community events. ••

11 MICHIGAN BICYCLIST | August 2013

State Senator Rides Through District Promoting ‘Hotspots’
STATE SENATOR GOEFF HANSEN

Stretch out those muscles, dust off your bike, and let’s get ready to be active this summer! This is the advice I gave to constituents before we embarked on the inaugural “Hansen’s Hotspots” tour of the 34th state senate district located in West Michigan. My district, which includes Mason, Muskegon, Newaygo, and Oceana Counties, contains a number of hiking and biking trails, lakes and rivers, and many miles of coastline along the beautiful Lake Michigan. At the same time, the district I represent is well known for its agricultural industry with crops that include asparagus, sweet cherries, and more! This summer, as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Outdoor Recreation and Tourism and an advocate of physical fitness, I wanted to promote a Pure Michigan experience and the unique assets of my district. Using primarily bicycles and other non-motorized transportation I decided to tour local “hotspots.” The first leg of the tour took place in June and began in my hometown of Hart in Oceana County. At the Starting Block Kitchen Incubator I welcomed constituents and special guest Jamie Clover Adams, Director of the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development. The Director’s participation reflected the significant impact agri-business and agritourism has on our local economy. Before we began our ride we all lined up with our bicycles for a group photo. It was encouraging to know that everyone there was up for the challenge ahead, as most of us were novice riders and intermittent rain showers were in the forecast. During our one-day tour of Oceana County we cycled over 20 miles and were able to visit Snug Harbor Marina in Pentwater, Silver Lake State Park in Mears, Fox Barn Winery and Cherry Point Farm Market in Shelby, the Country Dairy, Lewis’ Farm Market and Petting Farm, and Oceana Winery and Vineyard in New Era. Along the route I had the opportunity to recognize the re-designation of the William Field Memorial Hart-Montague Trail with Michigan’s Lt. Governor and decedents of Mr. William Field. Together we worked with the Michigan Department of Natural Resources to rename the trail after its local visionary. Following a great day in Oceana County, the Hansen’s Hotspots tour visited Newaygo County. There we cycled and kayaked over 20 miles while visiting agri-business and agri-tourism related sites to promote physical activity and a Pure Michigan experience.
State Senator Goeff Hansen, his wife Tami, and riders bike along the re-designated William Field Memorial Hart-Montague Rail Trail.

Survivor Storytelling Project
Cycling is a safe and healthy activity. Bicyclists, in fact, tend to suffer lower fatality rates (measured in time exposed), than those participating in other common activities such as car use, swimming, and snowmobiling. In reality, though, the sense of vulnerability many people feel while on a bike discourages them from riding. We also recognize that crashes do occur and that reckless behavior by motorists is often a leading cause of those crashes. That’s why LMB is developing our ShareMIroads project, a new statewide campaign focused on educating bicyclists and drivers on safely sharing Michigan roads. One of our first efforts under this project is to collect stories from survivors, bicyclists, or family members of bicyclists, who have been in crashes involving automobiles. We would also like to hear from bicyclists who have experienced harassment or intimidation by drivers while using Michigan roads. Through this storytelling project, we hope to collect personal stories that focus on the human element of bicycle/auto crashes, and collect information about how these cases are handled by the legal system. Sharing your story could help: • Advance policy initiatives • Contribute to educational efforts, such as the ShareMIroads campaign • Protect other bicyclists in the future Please use the short form on at www.LMB. org/story to share your story to help us make Michigan a more bicycle-friendly state.

Plans are being made for the Hotspots tour of Muskegon County, where local residents and visitors are fortunate to have access to the Musketawa Trail and William Field Memorial HartMontague Trail. I encourage you to visit my district, bring your bicycle, and experience Pure Michigan!

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Training Wheels
ALY ANDREWS and DEBRA ALFONSO, Michigan Department of Transportation, Intermodal Policy Division DAVE HARTWELL, Vestry Member — Saint James’ Episcopal Church

Blessing of the Bikes

Saint James’ Episcopal Church in Grosse Ile, Michigan celebrated the 2nd Annual Blessing of the Bicycles on Sunday, April 21, 2013. The weather was heavenly and the response from both our church family and the Grosse Ile community was enthusiastic. The afternoon’s activities began at 1 pm for those cyclists who arrived to take advantage of free Earth Day bicycle safety checkups. Tire pressure checks, seat height adjustments, and brake inspections were some of the services provided by Saint James’ church family volunteers. The Blessing of the Bicycles ceremony started just after 2 pm as the steeple bell in the historic Saint James’ Chapel rang out. After a warm welcome to everyone in attendance, Father Phil, accompanied by his guitar, led us in singing the hymn “How Great Thou Art”. Officer Julie Cortis of the Grosse Ile Police Department then read verses from the book of the Prophet Ezekiel (1:15-21). Father Phil spoke to us about the invention of the bicycle and how it, much like the home computer, has empowered people by expanding our worlds and enriching our lives. After leading us in prayer, he blessed all the bicycles, motorcycles, and other wheeled vehicles with holy water. Father Phil then made the following benediction, “May the road rise to meet you. May the wind be ever at your back. May all your journeying be joyous. And until we meet again, may the Lord hold you and your bicycles in the palm of his hand. Amen.” After a brief safety talk by the Grosse Ile Police Department, we departed for a short ride, complete with a police escort. A good time was had by everyone and we look forward to hosting the 3rd Annual Blessing of the Bicycles next Spring.

Training Wheels participants in Grandville, MI learn about potential on-road bike facility options.

In June the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) partnered with T.Y. Lin International to conduct a series of “Training Wheels” courses in communities throughout Michigan. The bicycle facility design program is now in its 8th year of helping to educate Michigan planners, engineers, and other community officials and stakeholders about the benefits of on-road bicycle facilities and how to properly design them. The five communities hosting this year’s training included Manistee, Grandville, Dexter, Coldwater, and Niles. Each community was encouraged to invite neighboring communities and approach incorporating bicycle facilities from a regional perspective. Each session had up to 25 participants and lasted from five to six hours. Senior transportation professionals from T.Y. Lin, Nate Rosenberg, P.E. and Mike Amsden, AICP, began each class with a two hour presentation for community stakeholders on the design criteria of various on-road bike facilities based on updated guidance from the American Association of State Highway Official’s (AASHTO’s) Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities 2012. Following the presentation, participants rode a bicycle route planned by the host community with assistance from MDOT, and T.Y. Lin. The route was designed so participants could experience a variety of common road cross-sections, some with bicycle facilities such as bike lanes or shoulders, and some without these facilities. The group stopped at key points along the route to discuss possible solutions for applying bicycle facilities to give cyclists a more comfortable place to ride on the road. To conclude the class and synthesize the information from the classroom and bike tour, participants were divided into small groups and provided with an aerial image of a primary or typical road condition in the community. They were asked to brainstorm how these roads could be redesigned to better accommodate bicycles. Each group then sketched their design on the aerial map and presented their ideas to the other participants. The purpose of this exercise was to help community stakeholders see different approaches to the same roadway or intersection, while also providing the host community with ideas for incorporating bicycle facilities after the course. ••
13 MICHIGAN BICYCLIST | August 2013

Photo cour tesy MDOT

Join the conversation on the new Michigan Bicycling Forum at www.LMB.org/forum

Photo by Andrew Johnson

Bikes on Trains, Cont. from back page booth (two total) Amtrak made ample room for four angled bike racks. The racks have a floor base that the bicycle’s front wheel sits in and use simple bungee style tie downs to secure the bike tight against a padded posts that supports the bike in multiple places. The prototype racks are a vast improvement over their initial design. All in all, LMB is very pleased with the new design. While the racks were relatively intuitive, we did encourage Amtrak to provide signage with visual instructions on how to use the racks. When we tested the racks, the café car was empty, so we also noted that it could be a bit more difficult to board the train and park your bike during peak times. Our biggest concern was not so much about the racks themselves, but simply about the boarding process. Without raised platforms at most Michigan stations, a bicyclist must carry their bike through a very narrow door and up narrow stairs, before making an immediate 90º turn to get into the café car. We were traveling light during the test ride, but having additional luggage would likely make the boarding process more difficult. This problem can likely be addressed by having Amtrak attendants available to help bicyclists with the boarding and deboarding process. Since bicyclists will be required to reserve space for their bicycles in advance, however, Amtrak would know when and where bicyclists were getting on and off, and could have an attendant available to assist. The current racks will not accommodate non-traditional bicycles such as tandems, recumbents, tricycles, or oversized items like pull behind trailers. We are optimistic that in the future Amtrak will be able to accommodate these larger bikes within the baggage cars currently under construction. Lastly, LMB encouraged Amtrak to offer bike service at no additional cost to passengers, as is currently the policy on a number of their lines across the country including the Capitol Corridor, San Joaquin, Pacific Surfliner, and Piedmont lines. Pending the feedback from the Michigan bicyclists involved in the May 15th test ride, and a previous demonstration that involved bicyclists from Active Transportation in Chicago as well as the Illinois DOT, Amtrak plans to systematically install bike parking within existing café cars. Due to funding cuts caused by the sequestration, however, Amtrak is currently unable to comment on how long it will likely take to modify enough of the existing café cars to officially offer this as a service on Michigan lines. They currently plan to retrofit café cars one at a time as the cars are brought in for service. To make the service widespread across Michigan they will need to convert at least seven to nine café cars to ensure consistent service across the system. “Amtrak considers expanded rail travel one of the solutions to address climate change and traffic congestion. Marrying passenger trains and bikes is a no-brainer and a winwin for the traveling public. We’ll continue our work at making it easier for our customers to complete that last mile to or from our stations, whether on foot, by transit, or on a bike,” stated Derrick James, Director, Government Affairs - Central Amtrak. While bikes on trains is still not yet a reality in Michigan, LMB is pleased that we continue to make positive strides towards accommodating bicyclists. We sincerely thank Amtrak and MDOT for inviting us to participate in the demonstration ride and we look forward to promoting the new service once it is officially available across the state. ••

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Amtrak Bikes on Trains Demo — LMB Along for the Ride
LMB’s bikes on trains campaign took a major step forward recently, with an Amtrak demonstration ride that took place on May 15th. The demonstration was aimed at generating feedback from bicyclists on new prototype bike rack design Amtrak is field-testing. Amtrak and MDOT organized bicyclists to board and deboard Train #350 at various legs along the Wolverine service route. Bicyclists participated at stops in Chicago, Kalamazoo, Battle Creek, Jackson, Ann Arbor, Detroit, and Royal Oak. John Lindenmayer, LMB’s Advocacy & Policy Director and Rory Neuner, LMB’s Board Vice Chair were along for the demonstration which showcased a recently retrofitted café car outfitted with angled bike parking to accommodate four bicycles. Amtrak currently does not allow bicycles on board most of their Midwest routes, including all that pass through Michigan. For the past several years LMB has actively lobbied Amtrak to change their policies and urged them to modify their existing cars with bike racks to help bridge the ‘last mile’ problem many commuters and potential commuters face. ”The connection between bicycling and transit is fundamental,” said Lindenmayer. “Passengers can currently travel from community to community by Amtrak, but how do they get to where they need to go once they step off the train? Allowing bikes on trains will provide seamless multi-modal connections for passengers, giving them options to travel to and from train stations by bike.” With Michigan being home to over 300 annual bicycling events each year, with a number hosted in or near Michigan communities serviced by Amtrak, many Michigan communities could also benefit from increased tourism spending from both in and out of state bicyclists. That’s why LMB is excited Amtrak is taking positive steps to accommodate bikes on board trains servicing Michigan and applaud them for responding to the requests of the Michigan cycling community. “LMB worked to ensure that bicyclists were included in the Michigan State Rail Plan,” said Lindenmayer, “and we delivered a petition that collected over 3,500 signatures in a short period of time urging

Rory Neuner, LMB’s Board Vice Chair and John Lindenmayer, LMB’s Advocacy & Policy Director with Derrick James, Director, Government Affairs - Central Amtrak during the May 15th bikes on trains demonstration ride.

Amtrak to accommodate bicycles on Michigan service lines. Thomas C. Carper, Amtrak Board Chairman at the time, responded favorably stating, “Amtrak has placed an order for 130 new, single-level cars. This order...includes 55 new baggage cars and 25 new baggagedorm cars. These two types of cars will be equipped with bicycle racks.” Additionally Carper stated, “Amtrak Mechanical has been working on designs to retrofit food service cars used on some Michigan services to accommodate bicycle racks. One design has been tested and proved unsatisfactory, but our design team has developed an alternate solution based on what was learned from the initial design.” LMB provided feedback on that initial design, which indeed proved unworkable, as it had three parallel floor wheel racks that were boxed in on three sides. The tight spacing made it nearly impossible for it to be used by more than one bicyclist at a time. The May 15th demonstration, however, showcased Amtrak’s “take two” on a proposed café car retrofit. By removing an additional See Bikes on Trains, page 14
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