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Paul Findley, They Dare to Speak Out: People and Institutions Confront Israel’s Lobby, 3rd ed. (Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books/Chicago Review Press, 2003). Preface. Acc. to I.F. Stone, “because Jews in Israel feel that they are constantly at war with Arabs, Jews in America feel that they are in the same war” (vii). Sept. 11 did not change “Israel’s total domination of Capitol Hill” (viii). Israel’s 2002 assault on occupied territories (ix-xi). May 2, 2002, resolutions in House and Senate overwhelmingly supported Israel (xi-xii). Ch. 1: Rescue and Involvement. Findley was a congressman from rural Illinois when in 1973 he was named to the subcomomittee on Europe and the Middle East of the House Agriculture Committee (1). Mission to Aden in 1974 released Ed Franklin, U.S. citizen (2-10). President of Aden later overthrown and executed (11-13). Meeting with Arafat in 1978 (14-16). Faced with a reelection challenge in 1980, Findley was shocked when supporter Arthur Burns refused to support him publicly (17-18). Shunned by Reagan in 1980 campaign (18-20). Bob Hope & Gerald Ford withdrew from supporting campaign events (20-22). Findlay was defeated by Richard Durbin in 1982; AIPAC takes credit (22-23). Mystified by ferocity of opposition, he decided to seek answers (23-25). Ch. 2: King of the Hill. American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) described briefly (27-29). Reagan turns to AIPAC (Thomas A. Dine was then director) for help in passing legislation to authorize the presence of U.S. marines in Lebanon (29-31). Dine’s rising influnce (31-35). AIPAC staff activities (35-38). AIPAC “Action Alert” mailings (38-40). Congressman Clarence D. “Doc” Long (41-42). Agnew blamed AIPAC for his fall (42-43). Pro-Israel PACs take lead from AIPAC (44-47). Examples of its decisive political influence (47-50). Ch. 3: Stilling the Still, Small Voices. Persecution of Pete McCloskey for criticizing Israel lobby (51-61). Rev. Walter Fauntleroy (61-64). Other examples (64-66). Fight over AWACs sale to Saudi Arabia (66-67). Stephen Solarz (68-71). Mervyn Dymally (71-73). A December 1983 incident in the House (73-75). Permission to spend defense funds in Israel (75-76). Lee Hamilton in 1983: “All we know is how to increase aid to Israel” (77). David Bonior (77-78). Thomas Campbell (78). Ch. 4: The Deliberative Body Fails to Deliberate. “Today, on Middle East issues at least, independence and courage are almost unknown, and the Senate deliberates not at all” (81). Former senator Adlai Stevenson III’s gubernatorial bid defeated in 1982 (8291). William Fulbright antagonized Israel, was defeated in 1984 (91-96). James Abourezk’s experience, 1973-1980 (9699). Maine politics (William Hathaway, William Cohen) & AWACs (100-04). Charles Mathias of Maryland (105-11). Charles Percy of Illinois (110-15). “[S]ome senators now find it necessary to confer with AIPAC executives before introducing legislation related to the Middle East,” e.g. Dianne Feinstein (11415). Ch. 5: The Lobby and the Oval Office. Kennedy felt “insulted” by quid pro quo offer during 1960 campaign (117-18). “[S]everal different levels of pressure” on White House: personal, through officials, through agencies (11920). Truman (120-21). Eisenhower & the Suez crisis (121-23). Military assistance
began under Kennedy & Johnson (12425). Nixon (125-26). Ford (126). Carter [interview with William Ball] (127-33). William Connolly (133-37). Ronald Reagan (137-38). 1984 presidential campaign (138-44). George Bush (14446). Ch. 6: Penetrating the Defenses at Defense and State. Pentagon (14757). Leaks to Israel (157-73). Pressure tactics (174-77). Jonathan Pollard case (178-84). Israeli espionage against U.S. continues (184-85). Ch. 7: The Assault on Assault. The attack by Israel on the USS Liberty, an intelligence-gathering ship, on June 8, 1967, followed by cover-ups and fictions (187-207). Ch. 8: Subverting Academic Freedom. Special attention & frequent use of smear tactics and intimidation (209). Monitoring of academics (210-14). Berkeley Graduate and the editor of Arizona Daily Wildcat of the Univ. of Tucson attacked (214-17). Hartford Seminary (217-18). Eqbal Ahmad of Cornell (218-20). Quest for support from a private Arab foundation for Swarthmore, Haverford, & Bryn Mawr project undermined (220-26). Flak about Georgetown’s Center for Contemporary Arab Studies (226-34) and Villanova’s Institute for Contemporary Arab and Islamic Studies (232-34). Mazher Hameed and CSIS attract the lobby’s interest because of a study that includes support of AWACs for Saudi Arabia (23444). Sami al-Arian (244-46). Francis Boyle, U. Illinois (246-47). Ch. 9: Paving the Way for the Messiah. “Jewish-fundamentalist
cooperation” in support of Israel, beginning in late 1970s (249-66). Resistance: Rev. Francis B. Sayre’s 1972 “Now oppressed become oppressors” sermon affected his career (266-73). Rev. Don Wagner (273-77). Sister Miriam Ward (277-79). Intifida of 2000 makes Palestine a divisive issue for Christians (279-80). Ch. 10: Not All Jews Toe the Line. Various forms of pressure and examples of resistance among American Jews (281311). Ch. 11: Scattering the Seeds of Catastrophe. Attitudes toward Arabs (313-21). Pressures on the media, and cases of resistance (321-47). Ch. 12: What Price Israel? [A new chapter.] Costs to U.S. of “complicity in Israel’s illegal behavior,” which is due to fear of being called anti-Semitic, not malign intent (358; 349-74). Acknowledgments. Alfred M. Lilienthal, Nizar Wattad, anonymous collaborators who fear for their careers, Donald Neff, George W. Weller. Recommends Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. Notes. 16 pp. Index. 10 pp. [Paul Findley, born June 23, 1921, was elected in 1960 to the House (R-IL 20th). Findley lost his seat in 1982 to current United States Senator Dick Durbin. He is a cofounder of the Council for the National Interest, a Washington advocacy group. He lives in Jacksonville, Illinois.]