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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

ON CONDUCTING MICRO HYDRO OPERATOR TRAINING IN BUTWAL

FINAL REPORT

Submitted To Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC) National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP) Community Electrification Sub Component (CESC) Submitted By Astha Network Private Ltd JV D L Energy Concern Pvt Ltd July, 2013
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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

Acknowledgement
We would like to express our sincere gratitude to AEPC/NRREP/CESC for entrusting us to conduct Micro Hydro Project Operator Training in Butwal. We would like to express deep acknowledgement to Prof. Dr. Govinda Raj Pokharel, Executive Director of AEPC. The special thanks and gratitude goes to Mr. Jagadish Khoju, Program Manager of CESC for giving his invaluable suggestions and kind cooperation to complete the training program. Our team is also very grateful to Mr. Laxman Prasad Ghimire, Mr. Rana Bahadur Thapa, Mr. Tilak Kandawa Limbu, Deepak Poudel, Sumita Rai and other staffs of AEPC/NRREP for their support and guidance in completing this training in due time. We would like to express special thanks to Mr. Prakash Aryal, Engineer of AEPC. Also special thanks go to RESDTN, BNA and DEEUs Rukum for supporting us to invite all participants from their respective districts. We are also grateful to all the participants from different micro hydro projects who helped to complete the training successfully. Lastly, but not the least, our sincere thanks go to all resource persons, officials/staffs for their hard work in completing the given task.

____________________ Ramesh Acharya Managing Director Astha Network Private Ltd July, 2013

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

Abbreviation
AEPC CESC DCRDC ELC DDC GoN JV kW MH MHP MW NRREP RE RESDTN RETs SN VDC Alternative Energy Promotion Centre Community Electrification Sub Component Dhaulagiri Community Resource Development Centre Electronic Load Controller District Development Committee Government of Nepal Joint Venture Kilo Watts Micro Hydro Micro Hydro Project Mega Watts National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme Renewable Energy Rural Empowerment Society Damauli Tanahun Nepal Renewable Energy Technologies Serial Number Village Development Committee

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgement...................................................................................................................... 2 Abbreviation ................................................................................................................................ 3 CHAPTER-1 ................................................................................................................................. 5 1. Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 5 1.1 Study Background................................................................................................................. 5 1.2 Objectives ............................................................................................................................. 6 1.3 Scope of Work ...................................................................................................................... 7 CHAPTER 2............................................................................................................................... 8 2. General Approach and Methodology ............................................................................. 8 2.1 Study Approach .................................................................................................................... 8 2.2 Methodology ......................................................................................................................... 8 2.2.1 Desk Study ......................................................................................................................... 8 2.2.2 Training Methods............................................................................................................... 8 2.2.3 Training Course Contents .................................................................................................. 9 2.2.4 Selection of Participants .................................................................................................... 9 2.2.5 Training Duration............................................................................................................. 10 2.2.6 Training Venue ................................................................................................................ 10 2.2.22 Resource materials ......................................................................................................... 10 2.2.22 Reporting........................................................................................................................ 10 I. Inception Report ............................................................................................................ 10 II. Training Completion Report ........................................................................................ 10 CHAPTER-3 ............................................................................................................................... 11 3. Training Phase or Implementation Phase .................................................................... 11 3.1 Daily Activities during Training Program .......................................................................... 11 3.1.1 Opening Ceremony ...................................................................................................... 11 3.1.2 Technical Sessions ....................................................................................................... 11 3.1.3 Training Evaluation ..................................................................................................... 15 CHAPTER-4 ............................................................................................................................... 18 4. Conclusion and Recommendations............................................................................... 19 4.1 Conclusion ...................................................................................................................... 19 4.2 Recommendations........................................................................................................... 19

Astha Network Private Ltd JV D L Energy Concern Pvt Ltd

Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

CHAPTER-1 1. Introduction
Astha Network Private Ltd and D L Energy concern has prepared this Report on Conduction of Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal. Astha Network Pvt. Ltd. and DL Energy Concern Pvt. Ltd. has submitted the Final Report to Community Electrification Sub-Component (CESC) of National Rural & Renewable Energy Program (NRREP)/Alternative Energy Promotion Centre-AEPC as per the contract agreement.

1.1 Study Background


Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC) was established in 2596 with the objective of developing and promoting renewable energy technologies with focus in rural areas of Nepal. Since then, AEPC has been successfully implementing/executing several renewable energy programme/activities in Nepal. The present strategy of GoN for the development of RE sector is promotion and information dissemination of RETs by involving different GO/NGO/INGO/private sector, provision of subsidy and bank loan, encouragement of private sector participation through public private partnership, training and extension activities as well as monitoring and evaluation to ensure quality services to the beneficiaries. The Government of Nepal (GoN) and Development Partners supporting Nepal's rural and renewable energy sector have designed National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP). From July 16, 2012 AEPC is executing a five years National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP) which has a single programme modality. It is visualized that no other programmes or projects related to renewable energy promotion in Nepal will be prolonged or executed outside the NRREPs framework. NRREP is an improved programme that takes its point of departure in renewable resources promoted in the past and will also provide institutional building support to AEPC and the decentralized structures as well as support income generating and livelihood activities in catchment areas of community electrification schemes. It has three main components: Central Renewable Energy Fund, Technical Support and Business Development for Renewable Energy and Productive Energy Use. The Technical Support Component has five subcomponents: Institutional Support, Solar Energy, Community Electrification, Biogas and Solid Biomass. The Carbon, Gender & Social Inclusion, and Monitoring are also major programmes.
The development objective of NRREP is to;

Improve the living standard of rural people, increase employment of women and men as well as productivity, reduce dependency on traditional energy and attain sustainable development through integrating the alternative energy with the socioeconomic activities of women and men in rural communities. Community Electrification sub-component (CESC) is one of the major sub-components of Technical Support Component under National Rural and Renewable Energy Program
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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

(NRREP). This sub-component is mainly responsible for coordination and implementation of community electrification activities throughout the country in demand driven and publicprivate-partnership approach. The component aims to install 25MW of Mini/Micro Hydropower to provide electricity to 150,000 rural households during this period1. CESC has already developed training manuals for conducting such trainings. One of them is a Micro Hydro Operator Training Manual. Providing training to the managers of microhydropower (MHP) plant is a regular process. Each year a number of plants come into the operation. Turnover of the trained and experienced managers are also expected, thus new managers need to be trained also in the existing plants. Poor functional status and long term sustainability issues has still been considered as a major obstacle in MHP development in Nepal. Sustainability of those implemented projects mostly depends on the smooth operation of the plants, which ultimately depends on the proficient and good operator of the scheme. As the local community are mostly responsible for the operator and operation of such plants they should be sufficiently capable to handle these issues. In order to widen and strengthen their skill and ability appropriate training should be provided to them. Micro hydro schemes are found successful; if there is good governance, transparency, systematic record keeping and logbook maintenance, well coordinated teamwork, and very effective community mobilization component. The good team work and regular update of the financial activities among the micro hydro users is also essential to sustain a micro hydro plant. It can be said that, the skills and roles of the manager is a key factor for the sustainability of the project.

1.2 Objectives
The ultimate objective of any program conducted by AEPC/NRREP is to enhance the socio economic condition of rural people through various renewable energy technologies. Establishing enterprises along with creating employment to man and women not only helps in laddering up rural people in economic developemt but also help to neutralize gender discrimination that persists in society. On the basis of this big dimension of AEPC/NRREP the community electrification sub component work in the field of rural electrification. With this school of thought the following are the immediate objective of this micro hydro operator training. Ensure availability of skilled and competent human resources for operation of MHP plants. Conduct Micro-hydro operation training by using Micro Hydro Operation Training Manual developed by AEPC/NRREP

Astha Network Private Ltd JV D L Energy Concern Pvt Ltd

Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

1.3 Scope of Work

Basically the scopes of work were as follows: ASTHA NETWORK has already prepared and submitted an inception report consisting of training programme as per Micro-Hydro Operator Training Manual published by AEPC/NRREP (duration of training was for 22 days). ASTHA NETWORK incorporated the gender equity and social inclusion in training module. ASTHA NETWORK was responsible to communicate with the potential participants about the training to get their applications and select the training participants in close consultation with CESC/Regional Centers. Invitation to the participants was done in close coordination with respective regional centers (namely; DCRDC, RESDTN, BNA, RUKUM DEEUs). ASTHA NETWORK has conducted Micro Hydro Project Operator training programme for the selected participants in AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT BANK TAINING HALL Butwal (14th June 5 July2013). There were 25 participants in the training programme. Female participants and people from excluded groups were encouraged to participate on the training.

Astha Network Private Ltd JV D L Energy Concern Pvt Ltd

Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

CHAPTER 2 2. General Approach and Methodology


2.1 Study Approach
Based on the thorough understanding of the assigned objectives, ASTHA NETWORK team has prepared the approach and methodology in line with principal underlying issues to be addressed while providing its professional consulting services. ASTHA NETWORK intends to apply the conceptualized strategic approach as listed below: Application of best practices Participatory Approach Consultation, coordination and interaction with the client and other concerned stakeholders The ASTHA NETWORKs general operator approach is: Clearly defined responsibilities of all team members and operator roles Proper co-ordination and effective communication among the stakeholders Strict adherence to the work schedule in developing performance Adequate flexibility to respond to desired changes and directions Systematic procedures for quality control Regular monitoring of both process and performance ASTHA NETWORK has worked in close coordination with the team members and other AEPC/NRREP/CESC professionals and officials.

2.2 Methodology 2.2.1 Desk Study


Desk study and interaction sessions were carried out to get valuable information related to MHP projects, socio-economic and other benefits in rural areas. The best training methods were analyzed and efforts of the different organization for the conduction of such type trainings were also studied. Review of relevant information via documents, reports and websites conducted as far as possible.

2.2.2 Training Methods


The training was accomplished on the theoretical knowledge and hands on skill enhancement of the participants in all aspects of Micro Hydro Project Operator. The approach was participatory, innovative and appreciative. Participant centred and action oriented training methods were used. Lectures, simulation, individual and group exercises, exposure visit, discussion and project assignments were also used in facilitating the training sessions.
Starting from rudimentary concepts: The resource person started from basic principles and confirms these are understood before moving on to more complex calculations and concepts. There was extensive use of exercises in the classroom, both paper based and power point
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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

presentation based. Materials provided as concept notes, diagrams and photographs to illustrate concepts visually. Participatory training methods were used to enhance learning and immediate feedback. They include: Group work to carry out exercises and assignments; groups presented solutions to problems and results of exercises to the full group and respond to questions; Visit to one running micro-hydropower project was used to observe the technical components and their proper operator practices; participants were asked to make field summary reports on visit; Brainstorming and group discussions were also conducted to explore how technical, managerial and social challenges in micro-hydropower development can be overcome; Flexible schedule to allow changes in time allocated to different topics depending on the speed at which participants pick up concepts. Frequent testing for feedback: Homework was provided each day to test how well the participants understand basic operator concepts taught on that day. This was due the following morning and corrected and handed back the next day. Each day was started with a review of the previous days homework. A test was conducted at the end of the training and certification of completion was provided. Participants were frequently asked to review the performance of trainers and the feedback received was made available to the trainers to allow them to adjust their training style and speed.

2.2.3 Training Course Contents

The course was designed to provide the basic knowledge on micro hydro components and electricity as well as the necessary safety precaution, simple and practical approach of micro hydro project operator. The financial operator including tariff collection is one of the most important parts for the sustainability of the MHP projects. The social aspects like quality services, community mobilization, clean environment and other benefits with relevant aspects were incorporated. Moreover, the gender equity and social inclusion in training course was updated. The experience sharing is one of the important processes of learning. Type of problems and the process of solving might be different for different scheme. Nevertheless, the experience of one was helpful for the other in some cases. Thus, the time was allocated for discussion and experience sharing. The major topics included in the course are provided in Table 1 below:

2.2.4 Selection of Participants


The course is designed for the local prospective operators of the micro hydropower projects supported by AEPC/NRREP. The nomination and selection of the participants was done by CESC through regional centres. In total, twenty five participants were participated in the training program in Butwal. The detail of participants is provided in the training completion reports.
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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

2.2.5 Training Duration


As given ToR, the training course was designed for twenty two days. As a result, the training was conducted for Twenty two days including one day excursion for Micro Hydro Site visit.

2.2.6 Training Venue


Trainees were accommodated and interacted one day advance of commencing the training to make the training environment comfortable and energetic. The training was residential. Trainers were also invited to reach the training venue one day prior to the training which helped to familiarize with participants. The venue was at AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT BANK TAINING HALL Butwal.

2.2.22 Resource materials


The topics, facilitating materials, manuals time frame of the sessions were discussed with resource persons and managed to facilitate in consultation with resource persons. The course materials and other relevant materials for technical session were provided to all participants before and during the sessions. The required logistic supports for the participants were provided by the Consultant team.

2.2.22 Reporting
It is necessary to report the progress of the work during different stages. However, in order to meet the objectives of the study, there will be a minimum of two stages of reporting. I. Inception Report Before proceeding to the fieldwork, the consultant has prepared and submitted the Inception report. The inception consultation meeting was conducted before the inception. Team mobilization was fixed in this stage and detail work plan/timeline, training dates, venue and tentative list of participants profile with their details submitted. II. Training Completion Report After completion of training program, Consultant team has prepared the completion report and submitted to AEPC/NRREP/CESC. The final report is prepared and performed in a professional way by adhering to strict quality standards as far as possible.

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

CHAPTER-3 3. Training Phase or Implementation Phase


The training was conducted for 22 days including one days Micro hydro site visit as mentioned above. The training programme was organized from 14 June 5 July, 2013 (Jestha 31 Ashad 21, 2070 B.S.). The following activities were carried out during the training period.

3.1 Daily Activities during Training Program

The opening ceremony was organized on the date 14th June at the seminar hall of AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT BANK TAINING HALL in Butwal district.. Formal opening with mutual interaction among team and participants was done in this session. In detail about the whole program including arrangements, field visit etc was also explained. The objectives of the training program, its daily schedule and its facilities like accommodation etc. were explained in brief. The field visit to nearby micro hydro power plant, workshop and house wiring training program are described in brief.

3.1.1 Opening Ceremony


The training was formally stated at 10 am with formal ingauraton. Engineer Ramesh Acharya Acharya along with his team clearly the mission objective and goal of training program. The mutual conversation with the participant was carried out to know about their expectation in training program. The facility of logistic fooding and other managerial aspect were described in brief during this session.

3.1.2 Technical Sessions


The session was continued with the introduction to AEPC/NRREP/CESC and discussion of the scope of Micro Hydro Project Operator in the second half. Skills, roles and responsibility of the operator along with defining the major component of micro hydro projects were also introduced in this session. All the participants were pre-informed about the scheduled training program and its logistic supports which include lodging, fooding, travel cost for participants and other facilities. Furthermore, in general the technical arrangement for the electronic devices and other facilities were already made available in the training hall by the Consultant team and members of AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT BANK TAINING HALL which is the key factor for the successful completion of the training program. There was peaceful and healthy environment to feel free for the participant from their daily boring and tension life. The daily technical session is mentioned in the training schedule mentioned previously in the inception report. We tried to follow and meet the daily schedule; however we became flexible enough in some cases.

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

Expectation Collection The participant micro hydro managers were selected to identify their expectation from the training program. Objectives To find out the interest of the participant for attending the training To find out the in-depth knowledge and experience related to the Micro Hydro Project Operator To find out problems and challenges regarding the micro hydro project operator Site visiti to nearby micro hydro plant (Kol Danda Suti Khola 16 Kw) On the fifteen day of training program the team moved to the nearby site namely Kol danda at Palpa District for the real case of micro hydro site observation which is in operation they are fully described there about the real scenario of micro hydro plant by our expert team. The theory part covered during the technical session was related in the real case of practical over there. Basically the following objectives are fulfilled there. Visualize all the structure of micro hydro Operator role in successful operation of micro hydro Maintenance procedure and technical difficulties in micro hydro Management aspect of micro hydro plant

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

Workshop visit This is one of the field tasks which we have successfully completed during the training program. The nearby workshop was visited by the entire participant at Khanal Engineering Butwal. The following are the task performed over there Practice of turbine maintenance Manufacturing procedure Pelton and cross flow turbine maintenance and installation overview House Wiring Training It is one of the most important parts of training program. The entire participant equally enjoyed to know the basic fundamental of house wiring. From this part of training course participant got the following knowledge Basic fundamental of house wiring Wire connection Light placement and fitting Simple knowledge of earthing Switch and MCB connection Types of wiring and its befits etc
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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

3.1.2 Training Evaluation


Evaluation is the process that helps to determine how successful our training was. It helps to gather information regarding all the management aspect of training. There are various methods through which anything can be evaluated. The way how we process the data is the important aspect of evaluation. In our training program we basically evaluated our training on two broad indicator Performance evaluation Level of satisfaction evaluation Performance evaluation basically evaluates individual performance in program the two parameters that we included in these headings are attendance and answer to the asked questions. Altogether each individual area asked at least 15 measurable question that can indicate there performace.The next is the level of satisfaction evaluation, it include the satisfaction of participant on overall training aspect ie resource person, site visit to lodging fooding management.
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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

The table below and associated some pictorial view summarize the training evaluation.
Name of participant S.N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
Jit Bahadur Gurung Sher Bahadur Ale Santa Bahadur Thapa Prem Bahadur Thapa Devi Lal Bohara Yam Bdr Rana Ratan Pariyar Basant Pun Magar Tej Man Buddha Mr. Khum Bakawal Bdr.

performance attandance answer

level of satisfaction

practical work

22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22

to training question content 12 good 13 good 14 12 13 7 9 6 10 11 9 8 9 7 3 8 9 13 13 12 12 11 5 8 11 good good good Excellent good good good Excellent good good Excellent good good good Excellent good good good Excellent good Excellent good good

lodgind resource fooding practical person excellent satisfied satisfied sufficeinet excellent satisfied satisfied sufficeinet excellent excellent good excellent good excellent good excellent excellent good excellent excellent excellent excellent good excellent excellent good good good good good good satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied satisfied

Mr Dil bahadur Saru Om BDR Buda Miss. Serap Lamu Chhijung Lama Rupa Budha Dile Budha Jit Bahadur Shahi Durga Bahadur Shahi Anil Kumar Shahi Bhalwan Gharti Ram Bdr. BC Dinesh Giri Tej Bahadur Malla Bharat Bdr Pun

should be increased should be increased should be increased should be increased sufficeinet should be increased sufficeinet should be increased should be increased should be increased should be increased sufficeinet sufficeinet should be incereased sufficeinet should be incereased sufficeinet should be incereased should be incereased should be incereased should be incereased should be incereased
should be increased
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Bam Bdr. Gharti

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

Figure: attendace bar chart

Figure: answer to question

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

Figure: comments for logistic management

Figure: comments on practical works

Analysis of evaluative indicators The entire participant was fully present in the program. Out of 15 asked question many of them answer satisfactorily More than 50 percent ie 54 percent are fully satisfied with the logding and fooding management. The level of satisfaction can be increased if some adequate amount of payment can be arranged. There is no doubt in resource person and practical work. Strong recommendation for increase in practical class.
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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

CHAPTER-4 4. Conclusion and Recommendations


4.1 Conclusion
For the twenty two days training ran smoothly. No participant are unsatisfied, the time and again monitoring of participant make them aware enough to concentrate in theoretical as well as practical aspect of training. The field visit of workshop, micro hydro plant and house wiring program seems quite attractive for the entire participant. The training manual is simple enough to understand for the entire participant. Since the training was conducted at the mid time of mansoon and Nepal being agriculture based country all the participant are not present. All together of 25 participant are there to participant in training. In all training program conducted at Butwal is successful.

4.2 Recommendations
There is a clear need to continue for the additional trainings and supports for the micro hydro project operator. A series of capacity building and awareness promotional types trainings should be provided for the all responsible micro hydro operator as far as possible. Technical skills of the operator should be enhanced. Moreover, end use diversification and other income generating activities should be endorsed. The following are the main recommendations The civil part should be increased and motioned in depth More part are electrical all the component should be equally focus The days for training 22 should be reduced. Maintenance of overall part of micro hydro should be increased Example related to safety should be increased to make fully aware of its danger House wiring training content should be increased and move towards industrial wiring too. End use procedure and suffient example to explore the small scale enterprise should be increased. Timely monitoring and evaluation of the installed/installing micro hydro projects must be done by the concern stakeholders such as AEPC/NRREP/CESC, Area Center, Installer Companies, DDC and local community. Moreover, strong networking and harmonization among the stakeholders should be developed. Service delivery of respective company should be monitored by authorized body regularly.

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

Some photographs

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

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Final Report for Conducting One-Batch Micro Hydro Operator Training in Butwal

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