You are on page 1of 89

ZTE UMTS Handover Description

222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
2
Contents
 Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy
 Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy
 Inter-RAT Handover Strategy
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
3
Contents
 Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy
 Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy
 Inter-RAT Handover Strategy .
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
4
Intra-Frequency Handover Sample
Time
Ec/No
P CPICH 1
P CPICH 2
Reporting
Event 1D
Reporting
Event 1B
Reporting
Event 1A
TrigTime1A TrigTime1D
RptRange 1A
Hysteresis 1A /2
Add P CPICH
2 in Active Set
Change the best
cell to P CPICH2
TrigTime1B
Hysteresis 1D /2
RptRange 1B +
Hysteresis 1B /2
Drop P CPICH 1
from Active Set
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
5
Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy
 Intra-frequency handover refers to the handover performed between cells under
the same frequency point of UTRAN. The intra-frequency handover can be
triggered based on Ec/N0 or RSCP measurement through the parameter
IntraMeasQuan.Intra-frequency handover is measurement-based handover.
Intra-frequency measurement contains active set measurement, monitored set
measurement and detected set measurement.
 The active set refers to the collection of cells retaining radio connection with UE.
 The monitored set refers to the collection of cells retaining no radio connection
with UE but requiring measurement by sending the intra-frequency measurement
control message to UE.
 The detected set refers to the collection of intra-frequency cells except cells in
the active set and monitored set.
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
6
Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy
 ZTE uses Event 1A、Event1B、Event1C、Event1D for intra-frequency handover.
 Event 1A: The quality of target cell ameliorates and enters a reporting range of
relative active set quality. It can be used for adding cell to the active set.
 Event 1B: The quality of target cell worsens and leaves a reporting range of
relative active set quality. It can be used for dropping cell from the active set.
 Event 1C: The quality of a cell in non-active set is better than that of a cell in
certain active set. It can be used for swapping into and out of the active set.
 Event 1D: The best cell changes. It can be used for adding cell to the active set,
swapping into and out of the active set, intra-frequency hard handover or inter-
frequency load balance.
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
7
Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1A
/2) H (R LogM 10 W) (1 M Log 10 W CIO LogM 10
1a 1a Best
N
1 i
i New New
A
÷ ÷ ÷ +
|
|
.
|

'

> +
_
=
 R
1a
: Refers to the reporting range of Event 1A. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in
adding a cell into the active set (RptRange).
 H
1a
: Refers to the reporting hysteresis of Event 1A. It is used to control the extent of difficulty
in adding a cell into the active set (Hysteresis(Intra)).
 M
New
: Refers to measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell outside the active set.
 CIO
New
: Refers to offset of cell outside active set in relation to other cells (CellIndivOffset
(utranRelation)).
 M
i
: Refers to the mean measurement value of other cells except the best cell in active set.
 N
A
: Refers to the number of other cells except the best cell in active set.
 M
Best
: Refers to the measurement of the best cell in the active set.
 W: Refers to the weight proportion (W) of the best cell to the rest cells in the active cell in
evaluation standards.
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
8
Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1A
 As can be calculated from the above formula, you can increase the probability of
triggering Event 1A by either increasing R1a (Event 1A meets the reporting range
conditions) or decreasing H1a (Decision hysteresis range); otherwise, you can
reduce the probability of triggering Event 1A.
 Event 1A supports period-based report, that is, once Event 1A meets the
reporting range of quality standards, the UE will report Event 1A periodically
(EvtRptInterval) until this event does not meet reporting conditions or the
reporting times reach the maximum allowed times (EvtRptAmount).
 There is restriction over the size of active set, so Event 1A will not be reported
once the number of cells in the active set reaches certain threshold
(RptDeactThr).
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
9
Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1B
 R
1b
: Refers to the reporting range of Event 1B. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in
dropping a cell from the active set (RptRange).
 H
1b
: Refers to the reporting hysteresis of Event 1B. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in
dropping a cell from the active set (Hysteresis(Intra)).
 M
Old
: Refers to measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell in the active set.
 CIO
Old
: Refers to offset of cell in active set in relation to other cells (CellIndivOffset (utranCell)).
 M
i
: Refers to the mean measurement value of other cells except the best cell in active set.
 N
A
: Refers to the number of other cells except the best cell in active set.
 M
Best
: Refers to the measurement of the best cell in the active set.
 W: Refers to the weight proportion (W) of the best cell to the rest cells in the active cell in
evaluation standards.
 As can be calculated from the above formula, you can decrease the probability of triggering
Event 1B by either increasing R1b (Event 1B meets the reporting range conditions) or
decreasing H1b (Decision hysteresis range); otherwise, you can increase the probability of
triggering Event 1B.
/2) H (R LogM 10 W) (1 M Log 10 W CIO LogM 10
1b 1b Best
N
1 i
i Old Old
A
+ ÷ ÷ +
|
|
.
|

'

s +
_
=
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
10
Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1C
 H
1c
: Refers to the reporting hysteresis of Event 1C. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in
replacing a cell in the active set (Hysteresis(Intra)).
 M
New
: Refers to measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell outside the active set.
 M
InAS
: Refers to the cell with poorest quality in the active set.
 CIO
New
: Refers to offset of cell with poorest quality in active set in relation to other cells
(CellIndivOffset (utranCell)).
 CIO
InAS
: Refers to offset of the to-be-evaluated cell outside the active set in relation to other cells
(CellIndivOffset (utranRelation)).
 As can be calculated from the above formula, you can decrease the probability of triggering Event
1C by increasing H1c (decision hysteresis range); otherwise, you can increase the probability of
triggering Event 1C.
 Event 1C supports period-based report, that is, once Event 1C meets the reporting range of quality
standards, the UE will report Event 1C periodically (EvtRptInterval) until this event does not meet
reporting conditions or the reporting times reach the maximum allowed times (EvtRptAmount).
 To ensure the gain of macro diversity, the report of Event 1C is only allowed when the number of
cells in the active set reaches certain threshold (RplcActThr).
/2 H CIO LogM 10 CIO LogM 10
1c InAS InAS New New
+ + > +
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
11
Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1D
 M
NotBest
: Refers to the measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell within or outside the
active set.
 CIO
NotBest
: Refers to the offset of the to-be-evaluated cell within the active set
(CellIndivOffset (utranCell)) or outside the active set (CellIndivOffset (utranRelation)) in
relation to other cells.
 CIO
Best
: Refers to offset of the to-be-evaluated cell in the active set in relation to other
cells (CellIndivOffset (utranCell)).
 M
Best
: Refers to the measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell in the active set.
 H
1d
: Refers to Event 1D report hysteresis (Hysteresis(Intra)).
 As can be calculated from the above formula, you can decrease the probability of
triggering Event 1D by increasing H1d (decision hysteresis range); otherwise, you can
increase the probability of triggering Event 1D.
/2 H CIO LogM 10 CIO LogM 10
1d Best Best NotBest NotBest
+ + > +
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
12
Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:1D
 Event 1D indicates the quality of certain cell within or outside current active set is
better than the best cell in current active set, that is, the best cell changes in the active
set. The following can be triggered upon the receipt of Event 1D:
 Add a cell into the active set (the cell outside the active set reports Event 1D and
the number of links in the active set does not reach the maximum).
 Swap a cell into or out of the active set (the cell outside the active set reports
Event 1D but the number of links in the active set reaches the maximum).
 The serving cell changes (for HS-DSCH/E-DCH).
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
13
Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:Handling of Over 32 Adjacent Cells
 When there are many cells in an active set, the number of intra-frequency adjacent
cells in the active set may exceed 32, the maximum number of adjacent cells as
restricted in the protocol. In that case, some intra-frequency adjacent cells must be
dropped to ensure there are only 32 adjacent cells in the neighboring cell list. Having
minimal impact on users in the active set, these dropped cells are those with poorest
signal quality or remotest geographical location. Therefore, each intra-frequency
adjacent cell is configured with a priority level.
 The background configuration parameter MeasPrio is used to define the priority of
adjacent cells and includes three values (0: High priority; 1: Medium priority; 2: Low
priority). The specific value of MeasPrio must be set by the network planning engineer
based on existing network situation (for example, adjacent cell quality and
geographical location of adjacent cell).
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
14
Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy:Handling of Over 32 Adjacent Cells
 The graph shows the cell priority configuration based on the geographical location of adjacent cells.
Take the configuration of cells adjacent to the innermost gray cell as an example: there are three
layers of adjacent cells surrounding the gray cell, and they are differentiated from one another with
yellow (0: Top priority), blue (1: Medium priority) and red (2: Low priority)
 The principle for inter-freq neighboring cells and inter-rat neighboring cells are same.
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
15
Intra-Frequency Handover: Detected set Handover
 The detected set handover is controlled through the parameter DetSetHoSwch ,If the
detected set handover is enabled, then the RNC handles the cell in the detected set in
the same way as it does in the monitored set, that is, to make decision about handover.
 If the detected set handover of the best cell is enabled and there are over 32 adjacent
cells, the detected set measurement will be initiated. Initiation strategy: Change “1A
Triggering condition 2” into “Detected set cells and monitored set cells”, and “Reporting
cell status” into “Report all active set cells + cells within monitored set and/or detected
set on used frequency”, that is, perform measurement report of active set, monitored
set and detected set concurrently by sharing the same set of handover measurement
parameters.
 If the detected set handover of the best cell is disabled or there are less 32 adjacent
cells, then change “1A Triggering condition ” into “Monitored set cells” and “Reporting
cell status” into “Report cells within active set and/or monitored set cells on used
frequency”, that is, to only report the monitored set instead of detected set.
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
16
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell
Abbreviated name
MeasPrio
Description
This parameter indicates the measurement priority of the neighboring
cell. The highest priority is 0, the lowest priority is 2.
Range and Step
[0, 1, 2]
Unit
N/A
Default Value (note)
0
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
17
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Detected Set Handover Switch
Abbreviated name
DetSetHoSwch
Description
This parameter is the detected set handover control switch.
Range and Step 0: Closed
1: Open
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) 1: Open
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
18
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Reporting Range Constant for Event 1A/1B(dB)
Abbreviated name
RptRange [MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter controls the triggering of event 1a/1b. 1a is easier but 1b is
harder to trigger when this value increases; and vice verse.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT indicates the maximum number of intra-
frequency measurement event, which is 7.
Range and Step
[0, 14.5]dB step 0.5dB
Unit
dB
Default Value (note)
Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [3,5,0,0,0,0,0]
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [6,8,0,0,0,0,0]
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
19
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Weight for Event 1A/1B
Abbreviated name
W[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter is used for quality judgment of event 1a and 1b, which indicates the
weight of the best cell in the quality judgment and is related to the measurement
quantity and the event type.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT indicates the maximum number of intra-frequency
measurement event, which is 7.
Range and Step
[0.0, 2.0] step 0.1
Unit
N/A
Default Value (note)
Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0]
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0 0. 0]
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
20
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Hysteresis(dB)
Abbreviated name
Hysteresis[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the hysteresis used when judging whether to trigger
the event. This parameter makes it different between the status to trigger an
event and the status to leave the event, so as to avoid the trigger status change
due to very small change.
The larger the value is, the larger the difference between the status to trigger
the event and the status to leave the event will be.
This parameter is related to the measurement quantity and the event type.
Different events are configured separately and can be configured with different
hysteresis
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT indicates the maximum number of intra-frequency
measurement event, which is 7
Range and Step
[0, 7.5]dB step 0.5dB
Unit
dB
Default Value (note)
Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [0,0,4,4,2,2,4]
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [4,4,6,6,4,4,6]
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
21
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Filter Coefficient
Abbreviated name FilterCoeff
Description
This parameter indicates the filtering factor that UE performs the L3 filtering on
the measurement results of the intra-frequency measurement.
Range and Step [0, 7.5]dB step 0.5dB
Unit dB
Default Value (note)
Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: 2
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: 2
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: 3
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: 3
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
22
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Time To Trigger(ms)
Abbreviated name TrigTime[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the time difference between having detected the event
generation and reporting the event. Only when the event generation is detected
and still meets all requirements of event triggering after Time to trigger, the event
can be triggered and reported. The larger the value is, the stricter the judgment is
for the event to be triggered. The parameter should be set according to the
actual requirements. Sometimes, if it is set too large, the quality of calls may
decrease.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT indicates the maximum number of intra-frequency
measurement event, which is 7.
Range and Step (0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560,
5000)ms
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [200,640,320,320,200,200,
320]ms
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [200,200,200,
200,200,200,200]ms
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
23
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria
Abbreviated name PrdRptAmount
Description
This parameter indicates the times of the periodical reports to be reported. If the UE
detects that the times of event reports exceeds the value of Amount of reporting, UE
stops reporting the measurement results.
Range and Step [1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, Infinity]
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: Infinity
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: -
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: Infinity
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: -
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
24
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria(ms)
Abbreviated name PrdRptInterval
Description
This parameter indicates the interval of periodical reporting when such reporting is
triggered periodically.
Range and Step [250, 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 6000, 8000, 12000, 16000, 20000, 24000,
28000, 32000, 64000]ms
Unit Ms
Default Value (note) Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: 1s
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: -
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: 1s
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: -
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
25
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Cell Individual Offset (UtranCell)
Abbreviated name
CellIndivOffset
Description
An offset is allocated for each cell being monitored. The offset can be positive
or negative. Before the UE judges whether an event occurs, adds the offset to
the measurement result. If the PCPICH uses a positive offset, the UE sends
the measurement report just like PCPICH is x dB better than the actual case.
Or, if the PCPICH uses a negative offset, the PCPICH report is limited. When
the cell individual offset is used, the corresponding cell is possibly (at least
temporarily) the target cell of the handover or removed from the active set.
Range and Step
OMCR:[ -10, 10 ] dB step 0.5 dB
RNC:D = ( P+10 ) * 2, [ 0, 40 ]
Unit dB
Default Value (note) 0dB
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
26
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Cell Individual Offset (UtranRelation)
Abbreviated name
CellIndivOffset
Description
An offset is allocated for each cell being monitored. The offset can be positive or
negative. Before the UE judges whether an event occurs, adds the offset to the
measurement result. If the PCPICH uses a positive offset, the UE sends the
measurement report just like PCPICH is x dB better than the actual case. Or, if
the PCPICH uses a negative offset, the PCPICH report is limited. When the cell
individual offset is used, the corresponding cell is possibly (at least temporarily)
the target cell of the handover or removed from the active set.
Range and Step
OMCR: [-10, 10]dB; Step 0.5
RNC: D=(P+10)*2, [0, 40]
Unit dB
Default Value (note) 0 dB
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
27
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Reporting Deactivation Threshold for Event 1A
Abbreviated name
RptDeactThr[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum number of the cells that can exist in the
active set in order for event 1a to occur,. 0 means not applicable
Range and Step
(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) Only configured for event 1A.
Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [2, -, -, -, -, -, -]
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [2, -, -, -, -, -, -]
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
28
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Replacement Activation Threshold for Event 1C and 1J
Abbreviated name
RplcActThr[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the minimum number of the cell that can exist in the
DCH active set when triggering event 1c or in the E-DCH active set when
triggering event 1j. When UE detects that one cell satisfies the trigger threshold
of event 1c/1j, it first judges whether the number of the cells in the current
active set is smaller than the value indicated by this parameter. If so, do not
trigger event 1c/1j. If the value is 0, the parameter is invalid.
MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT indicates the maximum number of intra-
frequency measurement event, which is 7.
Range and Step
(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
Unit N/A
Default Value (note)
Only configured for event 1c and 1j.
Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: [-, -, 3, -, -, -, 3]
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: [-, -, 3, -, -, -, 3]
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
29
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Intra-frequency Measurements
Abbreviated name
IntraMeasQuan
Description
This parameter indicates UTRAN measurement quantity for intra-frequency
measurements.
Range and Step 0: Ec/No
1: RSCP
2: Ec/No and RSCP
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) 0: Ec/No
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
30
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
CPICH Ec/No Reporting Indicator
Abbreviated name
EcN0RptInd
Description
This parameter indicates whether UE should report the measurement result
based on the measurement quantity CPICH Ec/No.
Range and Step
0: False (No Report)
1: True (Report)
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: True
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: True
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: True
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: True
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
31
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
CPICH RSCP Reporting Indicator
Abbreviated name
RscpRptInd
Description
This parameter indicates whether UE should report the measurement result
based on the measurement quantity CPICH RSCP.
Range and Step
0: False (No Report)
1: True (Report)
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: True
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: True
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: True
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: True
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
32
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Pathloss reporting indicator
Abbreviated name
PathlossRptInd
Description
This parameter indicates whether UE should report the measurement result based
on the measurement quantity pathloss.
Range and Step
0..65535
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: False
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: False
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: False
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: False
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
33
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Event Number of Intra-frequency Measurement
Abbreviated name
MeasEvtNum
Description
This parameter indicates how many events are required to be configured for the
set of the intra-frequency measurement parameters for a certain purpose. The
number of the events is related to the purpose of the measurement and the
judgment method of the soft handover. The measurement parameter of the soft
handover is related to the number of the events in the soft handover algorithm.
Range and Step
[1,MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]
in which,MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT =7.
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) Period Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No: 7
Period Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: -
UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP: 7
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
34
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Maximum Number of Cells Within DCH Active Set
Abbreviated name
MaxNumOfAct
Description
This parameter indicates the maximum number of cells within DCH
active set.
Range and Step [1, 6]
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) 3
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
35
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Soft Handover Method
Abbreviated name
SoftHoMth
Description
The parameter indicates the soft handover method is
periodical method or event method.
Range and Step 0: Periodical method
1: Event method
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) 1: Event method
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
36
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter:High speed scenario
Default configuration High speed (fast fade) scenario
Reporting Range Constant for Event 1A 3dB 4dB
Hysteresis for Event 1A 0dB 0dB
Time to Trigger for Event 1A 200ms 100ms
Reporting Deactivation Threshold for Event 1A 2 2
Amount of Reporting for Event 1A 4 4
Reporting Range Constant for Event 1B 5dB 7dB
Hysteresis for Event 1B 0dB 0dB
Time to Trigger for Event 1B 640ms 1280ms
Hysteresis for Event 1C 4dB 2dB
Time to Trigger for Event 1C 320ms 320ms
Hysteresis for Event 1D 4dB 4dB
Time to Trigger for Event 1D 320ms 320ms
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
37
Contents
 Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy
 Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy
 Inter-RAT Handover Strategy
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
38
Inter-Frequency Handover Sample
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
39
Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy
 The inter-frequency handover is a feature in which the UE hands over from one frequency
point of UTRAN to another one. It can either be handover based on inter-frequency
measurement, or blind handover based on shared coverage or inclusion.
 The prerequisite for measurement-based inter-frequency handover is that UE performs
quality measurement of non-current serving carrier. For inter-frequency measurement in
CELL_DCH state, UE needs to initiate compressed mode unless it has double-receiver. The
compressed mode has a impact on both the resource consumption (for example, downlink
power and uplink interference) and UE (for example, the transmit power and battery
consumption), so inter-frequency measurement is only initiated when the radio quality of
current serving carrier is poor .
 Upon receiving the inter-frequency measurement results from UE, the RNC makes a decision
about inter-frequency handover, and hands over UE to the target frequency point and cell
carried in the measurement results.
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
40
Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy:Inter-Frequency Measurement
 Q
frequency j
: Refers to (Virtual) active set quality of carrier j, that is, the
measurement result of carrier j (dB for Ec/No; dBm for RSCP).
 M
frequency j
: Refers to the physical measurement value (ratio for Ec/No; mW for
RSCP) of the (Virtual) active set of carrier j.
 M
i j
: Refers to the physical measurement value of cell i of carrier j.
 N
A j
: Refers to the number of cells (excluding best cell) in the (Virtual) active set
of carrier j.
 M
Best j
: Refers to the measurement result of the best cell in the (Virtual) active set
of carrier j.
 W
j
: Refers to the weight (WnoUsed or Wused) of the best cell in the (Virtual)
active set of carrier j during carrier measurement.
j Best j
N
1 i
j i j j frequency frequencyj
LogM 10 ) W (1 M Log 10 W LogM 10 Q
j A
÷ +
|
|
.
|

'

= =
_
=
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
41
Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy
 ZTE UMTS support event 2A、2B、2C、2D、2F for inter-frequency
handover.
 Among all inter-frequency measurement events, Event 2D and Event 2F only
involve measurement of working carrier frequencies, so the compressed
mode is not required during measurement and extra overhead will not be
brought about to both UE and RNC. The compressed mode and event 2A、
2B or 2C can be enabled and disabled based on the trigger of 2D and 2F.
 Event 2A、2B、2C are used to trigger inter-frequency handover. The three
events are controlled by parameter InterHoTactic and will not be worked at
the same time.
 All non-working carrier frequencies report Event 2E, indicating that radio
quality of all inter-frequency neighbor cells is poor and UE is at the edge of
3G coverage, then RNC may open inter-RAT measurement.
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
42
Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy:2A
 Evnet 2A: The best carrier frequency changes
 Q
NotBest
: Refers to the measurement result of current non-best carrier
frequency.
 Q
Best
: Refers to the measurement result of current best carrier frequency.
 H
2a
: Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis(Inter))
of Event 2A.
/2 H Q Q
2a Best NotBest
+ >
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
43
Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy:2B
 Evnet 2B: The quality of working carrier frequency is lower than a threshold
and that of non-working carrier frequency is higher than a threshold
 Q
Non used
: Refers to the measurement result of current non-working carrier
frequency.
 T
Non used 2b
: Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshNoUsedFreq) of good
quality of non-working carrier frequency in Event 2B decision.
 H
2b
: Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis(Inter)) of
Event 2B.
 Q
Used
: Refers to the measurement result of current working carrier frequency.
 T
Used 2b
: Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshUsedFreq) of poor quality of
working carrier frequency in Event 2B decision.
/2 H T Q
2b 2b used Non used Non
+ > /2 H T Q
2b 2b Used Used
÷ s and
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
44
Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy:2C
 Q
Non used
: Refers to the measurement result of current non-working carrier
frequency.
 T
Non used 2c
: Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshNoUsedFreq) of good
quality of non-working carrier frequency in Event 2C decision.
 H
2c
: Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis(Inter)) of
Event 2C.
/2 H T Q
2c 2c used Non used Non
+ >
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
45
Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy:2D
 Event 2D: The quality of working carrier frequency is lower than a threshold.
 Q
Used
: Refers to the measurement result of current working carrier
frequency.
 T
Used 2d
: Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshUsedFreq) of poor quality
of working carrier frequency in Event 2D decision.
 H
2d
: Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis(Inter)) of
Event 2D.
/2 H T Q
2d 2d Used Used
÷ s
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
46
Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy:2E
 Event 2E: The quality of non-working carrier frequency is lower than a
threshold.
 Q
Non used
: Refers to the measurement result of current non-working carrier
frequency.
 T
Non used 2e
: Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshNoUsedFreq) of good
quality of non-working carrier frequency in Event 2E decision.
 H
2e
: Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis) of
Event 2E.
/2 H T Q
2e 2e used Non used Non
÷ s
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
47
Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy:2F
 Event 2F: The quality of working carrier frequency is higher than a
threshold.
 Q
Used
: Refers to the measurement result of current working carrier
frequency.
 T
Used 2f
: Refers to the absolute threshold (ThreshUsedFreq) of poor quality
of working carrier frequency in Event 2F decision.
 H
2f
: Refers to handover decision hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis(Inter)) of
Event 2F
/2 H T Q
2f 2f Used Used
+ >
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
48
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell
Abbreviated name
MeasPrio
Description
This parameter indicates the measurement priority of the
neighboring cell. The highest priority is 0, the lowest priority is 2.
Range and Step
[0, 1, 2]
Unit
N/A
Default Value (note)
0
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
49
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Inter-frequence Handover Tactic
Abbreviated name InterHoTactic
Description
This parameter indicates the inter-frequency handover tactic.
Range and Step
0: Algorithm Deciding
1: 2A Event Trigger
2: 2B Event Trigger
3: 2C Event Trigger
Unit
N/A
Default Value (note)
1: 2A Event Trigger
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
50
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Filter Coefficient
Abbreviated name FilterCoeff
Description
This parameter indicates the filtering factor that UE performs the
L3 filtering on the measurement results of the inter-frequency
measurement.
Range and Step
(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19)
Unit
N/A
Default Value (note)
UE Inter-frequency Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No:
3
UE Inter-frequency Event Report Parameters for CPICH RSCP:
3
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
51
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used
Frequency for 2B/2D/2F
Abbreviated name ThreshUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the absolute threshold that is required to
be configured for event 2b/2d/2f (used when judging the quality of
the currently used frequency.
MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-
frequecy measument event which is 6.
Range and Step CPICH RSCP: [-115, -25] dBm
CPICH Ec/No: [-24, 0] dB
Pathloss: [30, 165] dB
Unit dBm /dB
Default Value (note)
For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [-
24,-13, -24,-13,-24,-5]dB
For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [-
115,-95, -115,-95,-115,-70]dB
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
52
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2A/2B/2D/2F
Abbreviated name
Wused[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter is used for quality judgment for the carrier of currently
used frequency, which indicates the weight of the best cell in the
quality judgment and is related to the measurement quantity and the
event type (only for event 2a/2b/2d/2f).
MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-frequecy
measument event which is 6.
Range and Step [0.0, 2.0]step 0.1
Unit N/A
Default Value (note)
For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [0. 0,
0. 0, 0. 0,0. 0,0. 0,0. 0]
For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [0. 0,
0. 0, 0. 0,0. 0,0. 0,0. 0]
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
53
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Hysteresis(dB)
Abbreviated name Hysteresis[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the hysteresis used when judging
whether to trigger the event. This parameter makes it different
between the status to trigger an event and the status to leave the
event, so as to avoid the trigger status change due to very small
change. Different events are configured separately and can be
configured with different values.
MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-
frequecy measument event which is 6.
Range and Step (0, …,14.5)dB step 0.5dB
Unit dB
Default Value (note)
For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter:
[4,4,4,4,4,4]dB
For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter:
[4,4,4,4,4,4]dB
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
54
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Time To Trigger(ms)
Abbreviated name TrigTime[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description This parameter indicates the time difference between having
detected the event generation and reporting the event. Only when
the event generation is detected and still meets all requirements of
event triggering after Time to trigger, the event can be triggered and
reported. The larger the value is, the stricter the judgment is for the
event to be triggered. The parameter should be set according to the
actual requirements. Sometimes, if it is set too large, the quality of
calls may decrease.
MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-frequecy
measument event which is 6.
Range and Step (0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640,
1280, 2560, 5000)ms
Unit Ms
Default Value (note)
For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter:
[100,100,100,640,100,640]
For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter:
[100,100,100,640,100,640]
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
55
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used Frequency for
2B/2C/2E
Abbreviated name ThreshNoUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the absolute threshold that is required to
be configured for event 2a/2b/2c/2e (used when judging the quality
of the noT used frequency). MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the
maximum number of inter-frequecy measument event which is 6.
Range and Step CPICH RSCP: [-115, 25]dBm step 1dBm
CPICH Ec/No: [-24, 0]dB step 1dB
Unit dBm /dB
Default Value (note)
For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [-24,-
5,-5,-24,-13,-24]dB
For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [-
115,-50,-50,-115,-95,-115]dBm
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
56
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2A/2B/2C/2E
Abbreviated name WNoUsed[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter is used when judging the quality of the cells of not
used frequencies. This parameter indicates the weight of the best
cell in the quality judgment (only for event 2a/2b/2c/2e).
MAX_INTEREAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-
frequecy measument event which is 6.
Range and Step [0.0, 2.0] step 0.1
Unit N/A
Default Value (note)
For CPICH Ec/No, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [0. 0,
0. 0, 0. 0,0. 0,0. 0,0. 0]
For CPICH RSCP, UE inter frequency event report parameter: [0.
0, 0. 0, 0. 0,0. 0,0. 0,0. 0]
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
57
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name Share Cover Indication
Abbreviated name ShareCover
Description
This parameter describes the neighboring relationship of the
serving cell and neighboring cell.
Range and Step 0: Neighbor
1: Overlap
2: Covers
3: Contained in
Unit N/A
Default Value (note)
0: Neighbor
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
58
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Inter-frequency Handover Method
Abbreviated name
InterHoMth
Description
This paramerer indicates the inter handover method is periodical
method or event method.
Range and Step 0: Periodical method
1: Event method
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) 1: Event method
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
59
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter
Parameter name
UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT
measurements
Abbreviated name
NonIntraMeasQuan
Description
This parameter indicates UTRAN measurement quantity for inter-
frequency and inter-RAT measurements.
Range and Step 0: Ec/No
1: RSCP
2: Ec/No and RSCP
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) 1: RSCP
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
60
Contents
 Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy
 Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy
 Inter-RAT Handover Strategy
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
61
Inter-RAT Handover Sample
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
62
Inter-RAT Handover Strategy
 Inter-RAT handover means that an UE switches from one radio access system to
another, and specifically, from a UTRAN access system to a GERAN system. (If
an UE switches from a GERAN system to a UTRAN system, the GERAN system
policy is used.) Inter-RAT handover can be measurement-based handover
between systems or blind handover based on shared coverage or inclusion.
 The prerequisite of measured-based Inter-RAT handover is that the UE
measures the quality of the Inter-RAT neighboring cells. In WCDMA system, for
Inter-RAT measurement in CELL_DCH state, the UE must enable compressed
mode for Inter-RAT measurement unless it has dual receivers. In addition,
regarding the influences of the compressed mode on the system and UE, Inter-
RAT measurement is enabled only when the current UTRAN system has poor
radio quality . When receiving Inter-RAT measurement result reported by the UE,
the RNC makes Inter-RAT handover decision and switches the UE to the target
cell of the GERAN system specified in the measurement result.
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
63
Inter-RAT Handover Strategy:Inter-RAT Measurement
 Q
UTRAN
:indicates the measurement result of the currently used UTRAN
frequency (dB for Ec/No; dBm for RSCP).
 M
UTRAN
: indicates the measured physical value of the currently used UTRAN
frequency (ratio for Ec/No; mV for RSCP).
 M
i
: indicates the measured physical value of cell I in the current active set.
 N
A
: indicates the number of the cells (excluding best cells) in an active set.
 M
Best
: indicates the measurement result of the best cells in an active set.
 W: indicates the weight of the best cells in an active set in the frequency quality
evaluation of the currently used UTRAN.
Best
N
1 i
i UTRAN UTRAN
LogM 10 W) (1 M Log 10 W LogM 10 Q
A
÷ +
|
|
.
|

'

= =
_
=
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
64
Inter-RAT Handover Strategy:Inter-RAT Measurement
 Inter-RAT measurement is to measure the Inter-RAT cells. In the case of Inter-RAT
measurement, the measured quantity of the UTRAN network can be triggered based on the
measured quantity of Ec/N0 or RSCP. The specific parameter used is controlled by the
NonIntraMeasQuan parameter. The measured quantity of Inter-RAT measurement depends
on the systems to be measured. For the GERAN, the measured quantity is RSSI. At present,
Inter-RAT measurement supports only the handover modes reported through events.
 ZTE UMTS support event 3A、3C for inter-RAT handover and uses 2D and 2F events as the
criterions for evaluating the signal quality of the current frequency, If the UE reports a 2D
event, that is, the current carrier is in poor signal quality, and no inter-frequency neighboring
cells exist, or the UE reports a 2E event after inter-frequency measurement is started (that is,
the signal quality of the measured inter-frequency neighboring cell is also poor), the RNC
tries to initiate Inter-RAT blind handover or start Inter-RAT measurement 3A or 3C event to
the UE based on the GSM neighboring cell cover.
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
65
Inter-RAT Handover Strategy:3A
 3A: The currently used UTRAN carrier quality is lower than a threshold, and the
quality of other radio systems is higher than a threshold. It is used for decision of
Inter-RAT handover.
 Q
Used
:indicates the estimated quality of the used frequency of the UTRAN.
 T
Used
:indicates the absolute threshold (Thresh[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]) of
the currently used frequency difference.
 H
3a
: is the hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] (Rat))
for 3A event decision.
 M
Other RAT
:is the quality measurement result of other systems.
 CIO
Other RAT
: is the quality offset of other system cells
(CellIndivOffset(gsmRelation).
 T
Other RAT
: is the absolute threshold of other systems
(ThreshSys[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT])
/2 H T Q
3a Used Used
÷ s
/2 H T CIO M
3a RAT Other RAT Other RAT Other
+ > +
and
:
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
66
Inter-RAT Handover Strategy:3C
 3C: The quality of other radio systems is higher than a threshold. It can be used
for Inter-RAT handover decision.
 M
Other RAT
: the quality measurement result of other systems.
 CIO
Other RAT
: the quality offset of other system cells (CellIndivOffset(gsmRelation).
 T
Other RAT
: the absolute threshold of other systems
(ThreshSys[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]).
 H
3c
: the hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] (Rat)) for
3C event decision.
:
/2 H T CIO M
3c RAT Other RAT Other RAT Other
+ > +
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
67
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Measurement Priority of Neighboring GSM Cell
Abbreviated name
MeasPrio
Description
This parameter indicates the measurement priority of the
neighboring cell. The highest priority is 0, the lowest priority is
2.
Range and Step [0, 2]
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) 0
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
68
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name Inter-Rat Handover Tactic
Abbreviated name RatHoTactic
Description
This parameter indicates the inter-RAT handover tactic.
Range and Step
0: Algorithm Deciding
1: 3A Event Trigger
2: 3C Event Trigger
Unit
N/A
Default Value (note)
1: 3A Event Trigger
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
69
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name Absolute Threshold of the Quality of UTRAN Cell for 3A
Abbreviated name Thresh[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the absolute threshold of the UTRAN cell
quality that UE uses to judge event 3a. The range and Unit of the
parameter relate to the measurement quantity of UTRAN system.
MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-RAT
measurement events which takes the value of 4.
Range and Step
CPICH RSCP:[-115, -25] dBm step 1dBm
CPICH Ec/No: [-24, 0] dB step 1dB
Unit
dBm/ dB
Default Value (note)
For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: [-6, -24,-
24,-24]
For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: [-95, -
115,-115,-115]
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
70
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name Weight of the UTRAN System for 3A
Abbreviated name W[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter is used when judging the quality of the UTRAN
system in inter-RAT measurement, which indicates the weight of the
best cell in the quality judgment (only for event 3a).
MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-RAT
measurement events which takes the value of 4.
Range and Step [0.0, 2.0] step 0.1
Unit N/A
Default Value (note)
For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: [0, -, -, -]
For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: [0, -, -, -]
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
71
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3A/3B/3C
Abbreviated name ThreshSys[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]
Description
This parameter indicates the absolute threshold used when judging
the quality of other RAT configured for event 3a/3b/3c. The value
range and Unit of this parameter are related to the measurement
quantity of other system, at present the measurement quantity can
only be GSM Carrier RSSI of the GSM system, which corresponds
to the CPICH RSCP of UTRAN system, so the value range and Unit
of this parameter correspond to the CPICH RSCP.
MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-RAT
measurement events which takes the value of 4.
Range and Step
CPICH RSCP: [-115, -25]dBm step 1dBm
CPICH Ec/No: [-24, 0] dB step 1dB
Unit
dBm/ dB
Default Value (note)
[-90, -95, -95, -115]dBm
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
72
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name Hystersis(dB)
Abbreviated name Hysteresis[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]
Description This parameter indicates the hysteresis used when judging whether
to trigger the event. This parameter makes it different between the
status to trigger an event and the status to leave the event, so as to
avoid the trigger status change due to very small change.
The larger the value is, the larger the difference between the status
to trigger the event and the status to leave the event will be.
This parameter is related to the measurement quantity and the event
type.
Different events are configured separately and can be configured
with different hysteresis
MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-RAT
measurement events which takes the value of 4.
Range and Step (0, …, 7.5)dB step 0.5dB
Unit dB
Default Value (note)
For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter:
[4,4,2,4]dB
For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter:
[4,4,4,4]dB
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
73
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name Time To Trigger(ms)
Abbreviated name TrigTime[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]
Description This parameter indicates the time difference between having detected
the event generation and reporting the event. Only when the event
generation is detected and still meets all requirements of event
triggering after Time to trigger, the event can be triggered and reported.
The larger the value is, the stricter the judgment is for the event to be
triggered. The parameter should be set according to the actual
requirements. Sometimes, if it is set too large, the quality of calls may
decrease.
MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT is the maximum number of inter-RAT
measurement events which takes the value of 4.
Range and Step (0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280,
2560, 5000)ms
Unit Ms
Default Value (note)
For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter:
[100,100,100,100]ms
For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter:
[100,100,100,100]ms
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
74
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name UTRAN Filter Coefficient(Rat)
Abbreviated name FilterCoeff(Rat)
Description
This parameter indicates the filtering factor of UTRAN when UE
performs the L3 filtering on the measurement results of the inter-RAT
measurement.
Range and Step (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19)
Unit N/A
Default Value (note)
UE Event Report Parameters for Own System CPICH Ec/No: 3
UE Event Report Parameters for Own System CPICH RSCP: 3
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
75
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name GSM Filter Coefficient(Rat)
Abbreviated name GsmFilterCoeff
Description
This parameter indicates the filtering factor of GSM when UE performs
the L3 filtering on the measurement results of the inter-RAT
measurement.
Range and Step (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19)
Unit N/A
Default Value (note)
For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: 3
For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: 3
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
76
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name GSM BSIC Verification Required Indicatior
Abbreviated name BSICVeriReq
Description This parameter indicates whether to confirm the BSIC of GSM cells
when performing the Inter-RAT measurement. BSIC = NCC
(Network Color Code) + BCC (Base Color Code). BSIC can be
used to identify the GSM cells. If the value is ‘Not Required ‘,
UE does not confirm the BSIC when measuring the GSM cells.
If the value is ‘Required ‘, UE confirms the BSIC when
measuring the GSM cells, and then queue the confirmed BSIC
cells according to the measurement results. In each
measurement period, re-confirm and measure the BSIC in the
order of the measurement results, from good to bad.
Range and Step 0: Require Confirm
1: Not Required Confirm
Unit N/A
Default Value (note)
UE Event Report Parameters for Own System CPICH Ec/No:
Required
UE Event Report Parameters for Own System CPICH RSCP:
Required
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
77
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name UTRAN Quality Estimation Reporting Indicator
Abbreviated name UtranEstQual
Description
This parameter indicates whether the report of the estimation quality
of UTRAN system is requested or not.
Range and Step 0: Not Report (False)
1: Report (True)
Unit N/A
Default Value (note)
For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: Not
Report
For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: Not
Report
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
78
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name GSM Carrier RSSI Reporting Indicator
Abbreviated name GsmCarrRSSIInd
Description This parameter indicates whether the report of RSSI of the GSM
cells is requested or not. Since the measurement quantity of the
GSM cell is only GSM Carrier RSSI, in inter-RAT measurement
Event Reporting Criteria, there is no need to report this parameter
when measuring the GSM cell and performing the Inter-RAT
handover. In the periodical reporting criteria, GSM carrier RSSI
report is required.
Range and Step 0: Not Report (False)
1: Report (True)
Unit N/A
Default Value (note)
For own system CPICH Ec/No, UE event report parameter: Report
For own system CPICH RSCP, UE event report parameter: Report
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
79
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name Cell individual offset(gsmRelation)
Abbreviated name CellIndivOffset(gsmRelation)
Description
An offset is allocated for each cell being monitored. The offset can
be positive or negative. Before the UE judges whether an event
occurs, adds the offset to the measurement result. If the PCPICH
uses a positive offset, the UE sends the measurement report just
like PCPICH is x dB better than the actual case. Or, if the PCPICH
uses a negative offset, the PCPICH report is limited. When the cell
individual offset is used, the corresponding cell is possibly (at least
temporarily) the target cell of the handover or removed from the
active set.
Range and Step OMCR: [-10, 10]dB step 0. 5
RNC: D= (P+10) *2, [0, 40]
Unit dB
Default Value (note) 0dB
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
80
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name
UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT
Measurements
Abbreviated name
NonIntraMeasQuan
Description
This parameter indicates UTRAN measurement quantity for inter-
frequency and inter-RAT measurements.
Range and Step 0: Ec/No
1: RSCP
2: Ec/No and RSCP
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) 1: RSCP
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
81
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter
Parameter name
Share Cover Indication
Abbreviated name
GsmShareCover
Description
This parameter describes the neighboring relationship of the
serving cell and Gsm neighboring cell.
Range and Step 0: Neighbor
1: Overlap
2: Covers
3: Contained in
Unit N/A
Default Value (note) 0: Neighbor
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
82
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter:for True Tower
Default
configuration
True Tower
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of
the Currently Used Frequency for 2D
-95dbm -85dbm
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of
UTRAN Cell for 3A
-95dbm -85dbm
 The handover parameters in TRUE network are default configuration except the
follow adjustment.
 In the hot spot area TRUE TOWER, to make sure that users has good
experience (data rate>=400kbps) in HSPA coverage, the HSPA coverage
should not be too large. ZTE suggests to handover to GSM at the edge of
HSPA coverage. Some parameters are recommend to be changed:
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
83
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter Summary
Parameter Name Default Value TRUE Value
Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell 0 0
Detected Set Handover Switch Open Open
Reporting Range Constant for Event 1A 3db 3db
Reporting Range Constant for Event 1B 5db 5db
Weight for Event 1A 0 0
Weight for Event 1B 0 0
Hysteresis 1A 0db 0db
Hysteresis 1B 0db 0db
Hysteresis 1C 4db 4db
Hysteresis 1D 4db 4db
Filter Coefficient 2db 2db
Time To Trigger 1A 200ms 200ms
Time To Trigger 1B 640ms 640ms
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
84
Intra-Frequency Handover Parameter Summary
Parameter Name Default Value TRUE Value
Time To Trigger 1C 320ms 320ms
Time To Trigger 1D 320ms 320ms
Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria Infinity Infinity
Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria 1s 1s
Cell Individual Offset (UtranCell) 0db 0db
Cell Individual Offset (UtranRelation) 0db 0db
Reporting Deactivation Threshold for Event 1A 2 2
Replacement Activation Threshold for Event 1C 3 3
UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Intra-frequency
Measurements
Ec/No Ec/No
CPICH Ec/No Reporting Indicator TRUE TRUE
CPICH RSCP Reporting Indicator TRUE TRUE
Pathloss reporting indicator FALSE FALSE
Event Number of Intra-frequency Measurement 7 7
Maximum Number of Cells Within DCH Active Set 3 3
Soft Handover Method Event method Event method
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
85
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter Summary
Parameter Name Default Value TRUE Value
Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell 0 0
Inter-frequence Handover Tactic 2A Event Trigger 2A Event Trigger
Filter Coefficient 3 3
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used
Frequency for 2B
-95db -95db
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used
Frequency for 2D
-95db
-95db (except -85 for True
Tower and CP tower)
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used
Frequency for 2F
-70db -70db
Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2A 0 0
Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2B 0 0
Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2D 0 0
Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2F 0 0
Hysteresis 2A 4db 4db
Hysteresis 2B 4db 4db
Hysteresis 2C 4db 4db
Hysteresis 2D 4db 4db
Hysteresis 2E 4db 4db
Hysteresis 2F 4db 4db
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
86
Inter-Frequency Handover Parameter Summary
Parameter Name Default Value TRUE Value
Time To Trigger 2A 100ms 100ms
Time To Trigger 2B 100ms 100ms
Time To Trigger 2C 100ms 100ms
Time To Trigger 2D 640ms 640ms
Time To Trigger 2E 100ms 100ms
Time To Trigger 2F 640ms 640ms
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used
Frequency for 2B
-50dbm -50dbm
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used
Frequency for 2C
-50dbm -50dbm
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used
Frequency for 2E
-95dbm -95dbm
Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2A 0 0
Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2B 0 0
Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2C 0 0
Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2E 0 0
Share Cover Indication Neighbor Neighbor
Inter-frequency Handover Method Event method Event method
UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and
Inter-RAT measurements
RSCP RSCP
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
87
Intra-RAT Handover Parameter Summary
Parameter Name Default Value TRUE Value
Measurement Priority of Neighboring GSM Cell 0 0
Inter-Rat Handover Tactic 3A Event Trigger 3A Event Trigger
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of UTRAN Cell for
3A
-95dbm
-95db (except -85 for
True Tower and CP
tower)
Weight of the UTRAN System for 3A 0 0
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3A -90dbm -90dbm
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3B -95dbm -95dbm
Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3C -95dbm -95dbm
Hystersis 3A 4db 4db
Hystersis 3B 4db 4db
Hystersis 3C 4db 4db
222,219,222
255,154,0
49,162,206
123,195,24
206,162,74
206,207,206
0,102,255
88
Inter-RAT Handover Parameter Summary
Parameter Name Default Value TRUE Value
Time To Trigger 3A 100ms 100ms
Time To Trigger 3B 100ms 100ms
Time To Trigger 3C 100ms 100ms
UTRAN Filter Coefficient(Rat) 3 3
GSM Filter Coefficient(Rat) 3 3
GSM BSIC Verification Required Indicatior Required Required
UTRAN Quality Estimation Reporting Indicator Not Report Not Report
GSM Carrier RSSI Reporting Indicator Report Report
Cell individual offset(gsmRelation) 0db 0db
UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency
and Inter-RAT Measurements
RSCP RSCP
Share Cover Indication Neighbor Neighbor