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ENGLISH

Unit
KNOWING your surroundings

Objectives:
At the end of the unit you will be able to: Understand and produce oral and written sentence-level texts related to introductions, greetings and farewells, personal information, and likes and dislikes by listening to authentic conversations and audio material in order to communicate with peers and others. Identify vocabulary related to workplace facilities, personnel, equipment, and activities in order to recognize characteristics and make comparisons. Produce oral and written language by comparing people, objects, and different issues in an office or business setting.

UNIT 1

Unit 1 Knowing your surroundings

Listening Speaking Reading Writing

Grammar Vocabulary Pronunciation

Lesson 1 Greetings and farewells

Lesson 2 Formal/ informal introductions

Lesson 3 Likes and dislikes

Lesson 4 Comparing jobs and activities

Lesson 5 Jobs duties and descriptions of equipment

Unit Guidelines
In this unit you will be able to greet people in a business setting. You will have the opportunity to learn about personal duties or responsibilities in the workplace and how to compare peoples jobs, objects, equipment, activities and other aspects. Also, you will read about peoples opinions of their jobs. In order to compare them, you will need to learn and understand what each occupations duties contain.

Introduction: Hands On!


In this unit you will work on a project called Job offer comparison chart. You will have to fill out a comparison job offer table in which you will write different aspects associated with a job such as salary, compensation, benefits, working hours, etc. In each lesson you will find useful information to help you complete the project. You should keep records of this information in order to complete the job offer table. So whenever you see the expression Hands on!, take notes and be ready to recall the information later on in order to complete your project at the end of the unit.

192 English - Eighth Grade

Unit One

Lesson 1
How are you doing?
TI08P011A

Getting started!
ules son las expresiones formales e informales para saludar y despedirse en Ingls? Qu informacin brindas cuando te presentas ante las dems personas en Ingls? Qu haces cuando te presentan a otras personas? Cmo se pregunta a las personas por sus nombres y apellidos en Ingls?

Achievement indicators
I can recognize and express formal and informal introductions, greetings and farewells with correct pronunciation and intonation. I can introduce myself and others correctly.

Which of the following are formal or informal greetings? 1. Hi! 2. How are you doing, buddy? 3. Hello. 4. Good morning. 5. Whats up? 6. How are you? 7. Whats going on? 8. Nice to meet you.

Activity
Choose the letter that best answers each question.

Conversation and more


Listen to and read the following conversation and identify the greetings. Look up any new words in a dictionary.
A: Hello. How are you today, Marcos? B: Hello, Martha. I am very well. Thank you. How

1.

How is Marcos?
A. not bad B. very well


2.

about you? A: I am all right. B: How is your family? A: Oh! They are fine, thank you. And yours? B: Theyre fine, too. Ill see you later Martha. A: Okay. Good bye.
Glossary: All right : okay. And yours?: and your family?


3.

How is Marthas family? A. perfect B. fine How is Martha? A. all right B. bad

How is your family?: an expression used to ask about your familys well being.

Eighth Grade - English 193

UNIT 1 Enrich your vocabulary Formal greetings:

When you meet people for the first time or when you want to show respect, formal greetings and farewells should be used. Read and study the following table of formal greetings:
Formal greetings Examples How do you do? Hello, Mr. Guzman. Hello, doctor. Good morning. Good afternoon. Good evening. How are you? Hello. What is your name? Responses How do you do? Hello. Hello. Good morning. Good afternoon. Good evening. I am fine, thank you. Hello. My name is Roberto.
A: B: A: B: A: B: A: C: A: B: A: B:

Activity

Listen to and read the following conversation carefully and choose all of the greetings that are used. Good morning, Mr. Campos. How are you? Good morning, Emily. I am fine, thank you. How about you? Im all right this morning. Thank you. Is Mrs. Vasquez in her office? Yes, she is. Can you tell her I want to talk with her, please? Of course, Mr. Campos. Hold on a minute, please. Excuse me, Mrs. Vasquez. Mr. Campos would like to talk with you. No problem. Tell him to come in, please. Okay. Mr. Campos, you may go in now. Thank you so much, Emily. You are welcome. It was nice to see you, Mr. Campos. It was nice seeing you, too, Emily.

Now read and study the following table:


Formal farewells Responses was nice meeting It was nice meeting you. It you too. It was nice to see you. Same to you. Thank you so much. Have a good day. You too. Good night / Goodbye. Good night / Goodbye. Examples

What for?
Formal greetings and farewells should be used to show respect for others, especially with your bosses, supervisors, colleagues or co-workers, in order to keep a nice atmosphere at work.

Dont forget!
There are formal and informal greetings in English. Use formal greetings to show respect or speak to people for the first time. How are you? or How do you do? are examples of formal greetings.

Glossary: Would like: to be interested in something. Talk with: speak or have a conversation with someone.

194 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1 Time to read


Read the following article carefully. Look up any new words in a dictionary.

Conversation and more


Read the following conversation between two people who meet for the first time. Look up any new words in a dictionary.
A: Hi! My name is Leo Dimas. B: Hello, Mr. Dimas. My name is Pamela Ardon. A: Its a pleasure to meet you, too, Mrs. Ardon. B: Oh, please call me Pam. A: Okay. Then you can call me Leo. B: Great. Are you here on business or A: I am here on business. B: What do you do, Leo? A: I am a computer engineer. B: Hey! I am a computer technician. A: Wow! What a small world! B: Yes. Well, I have a meeting right now. I have to go. A: Okay. It was nice meeting you, Leo. B: Nice meeting you, too.

Pleased to meet you.

vacation, Leo?

Greetings: Meeting Americans

When meeting someone for the first time it is normal to shake hands, both for men and for women. Hugs are only exchanged between close friends. Kissing on the cheeks is not common, and men never kiss other men unless they are from some countries in Europe or the Middle East. Most Americans will usually introduce themselves by telling their first name and last name; for example, Hi, Im Robert White. If the situation is very casual, introductions are made by first name only: Hello, Im George. Common responses when someone is introduced to you may be, It is a pleasure to meet you or Pleased to meet you. Americans usually address business or social colleagues by their first name. However, bosses, supervisors or teachers should always be addressed with their title and last name, unless they ask to be called by a different name. For example: Professor Alfaro, Mrs. Shields.

3
1.

Activity Activity
Answer the following questions.
1. 2.

Decide whether the following statements are true or false. It is normal to shake hands, both for men and for women. 2. Hugs are not exchanged between close friends. 3. One common answer when someone is introduced to you is: Whats new? 4. Americans usually introduce themselves by giving their first name.
Glossary: Shake hands: to hold hands moving them up and down slightly. Hug: an embrace or squeeze. Address: to speak to or talk to.

Is Leo on business or vacation? What do Leo and Pam do?

Pleased and pleasure: to enjoy or be happy. Business or vacation: for work or for pleasure.

Eighth Grade - English 195

UNIT 1 Conversation 2
A: Good afternoon, Mr. Calvo. B: Good afternoon. Sorry?

Conversation and more


Listen to and read the following conversations carefully and practice them by repeating them out loud. Look up any new words in a dictionary.

Your face looks familiar. Havent we met before? A: Of course. You were my English teacher last year. B: Oh, yes! Now I remember. You are Carlos Carlos Vidal. A: Thats right! How have you been, Mr. Calvo? B: Pretty good. I cant complain. How about you? A: I am still studying at my junior high school. B: Thats nice. Congratulations! It was nice to see you again, Carlos. A: Nice seeing you, too, Mr. Calvo.

Conversation 1
A: Good evening. I am Silvia Perez. How do you do? B: Hello? My name is Luis Quinteros. A: What do you do, Mr. Quinteros? B: I am a sales manager. How about you? A: Im a trainer. I train people how to use software B: Where do you work? A: I work for Click Corporation. And you? B: I work for a fast food company near here. A: It was nice to meet you, Mr. Quinteros. B: Nice meeting you, too, Ms. Perez.

programs.

5
1.

Activity Activity
Choose the letter that best answers each question.
1.

Decide whether the following statements are true or false. Luis is a general manager. 2. Silvia works in a supermarket. 3. Luis works in a fast food restaurant.


2.

What is Mr. Calvos occupation? A. He is a student. B. He is a teacher. How has Mr. Calvo been? A. Pretty good. B. Pretty bad. Is Carlos a teacher? A. No, he is not. B. Yes, he is.

Hands on! 1A
Make a list of the different names of workplaces where you have worked and jobs that you have had. Your current occupation and place of work should be at the top of the list.
Glossary: Train: to teach something. Fast food: restaurant food. Havent we met before?: an expression used to confirm if a person already knows you.


3.

How have you been?: how you are since the last time I saw you. I cant complain: you do not have any complaints or problems. Junior high school: middle school or the seventh, eighth and ninth grades. Nice: something that is good or acceptable.

196 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1 Enrich your vocabulary


Informal greetings and farewells are used with people you have already met before and are comfortable with. Use these kinds of greetings in informal settings. Study the following table containing informal greetings:
Informal greetings Sentences Hey/ Hi. How are ya? How are things? Hows it goin? How ya doin? Whats up? Whats new? Whats happenin? Whats goin on? Responses Hey /Hi. Im good./ All right. Pretty good. Ok. /Not bad. Im doin good. Nothin much. / Not a whole lot. / Nothin. / Nothin special. / Not much.

Study the following table containing informal farewells:


Informal farewells Sentences Nice meeting you. Take it easy. Take care. Im off. I gotta go. So long. See ya (later). Responses You too. OK, bye. See ya. / See ya later/ Bye.

Activity

In which of these conversations do people use informal greetings and farewells? Classify the following conversations by deciding whether they are formal or informal.

Conversation 1
A:

Conversation 2
A:

It was nice to see you, again, Jose. B: It was nice seeing you, too, Pedro. A: Have a nice day! B: Thank you. Good bye.

Hi, Susan. B: Hello, Judy. A: Whats up? B: Nothin much.

Conversation 3
A:

Whats new, Mike? B: Nothing special. And you? A: Not much.

Eighth Grade - English 197

UNIT 1 Language in use Introduction to subject pronouns and the verb be in the present tense.
Personal pronouns take the place of people or things. Read and study the following table:
Subject pronouns I you he she it we they Be form of verb am are is is is are are Verb in a sentence I'm an engineer. You're a technician. He's a manager. She's a secretary. It's a PC desktop. Were colleagues. Theyre supervisors. Verb in a question Am I an engineer? Are you a technician? Is he a manager? Is she a secretary? Is it a PC desktop? Are we colleagues? Are they supervisors? Yes/No answers Yes, you are. No, I am not. Yes, he is. No, she isnt. Yes, it is. No, we arent. Yes, they are.

8
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Activity

Answer the following questions with your own information. Is your father a clerk? Are you from San Vicente? Are your co-workers working now? Is your mother a housewife? Is blue your favorite color? Are you a salesperson? Are your brothers at home?

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Activity
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Activity
No, they are on the table. Yes, she is in her office. No, I am not okay. Yes, it is next to the shopping mall. No, I am not angry.

10

Put the following words in the correct order to make sentences or questions is/ at/ work/ she. Gonzalez/ your/ is/ last/ name/? on/ are/ the/ desk/ documents/ the/? not/ you/ from/ La Union/ are. my/ number/ phone/ 2555-5555/ is.

Make questions that correspond to the following answers.

Dont forget!
Yes/No questions are used to get either an affirmative or negative response. They may also be used to confirm information.

198 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1

11

Activity

Activity

12

Listen to and read the following conversations and fill in the blanks with the words given below. Then practice the conversations by reading and pronouncing each statement out loud.
you great new

Read the following statements and find the mistakes. Rewrite the sentences with corrections.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Conversation 1
A: B: A: B:

Hi, Steven. Whats __? Not much. And __? So far so good! Thats __.

How is you doing? He dosnt work in an office. We studies at home. They isnt in the meeting room. What is shes name? Where is her from?

Activity
bye meet you

13

Answer the following questions with your own information.


am are now
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Conversation 2
A: B: A: B: A: B:

Hello. How __ you today? I __ very well, thanks. I have to go __. Well, it was nice to __ you. Nice to meet __, too. Good __.

How do you do? What do you do? What is your phone number? Where do you live? What is your last name? Where are you from?

Lesson core
Conociste las diferentes expresiones formales e informales para saludar y despedirse de las personas en Ingls. Escuchaste y utilizaste saludos formales y despedidas informales. Adems, volviste a recordar el uso de los diferentes pronombres personales con sus respectivas formas afirmativas y negativas con el verbo ser o estar. Tambin, leste acerca de la manera de saludar de la mayora de los estadounidenses. Finalmente, practicaste como utilizar las preguntas para solicitar informacin personal.

Eighth Grade - English 199

UNIT 1

Self evaluation
Choose the letter that best answers each question.

Which is a formal greeting?


a) How are you today? b) Whats new? c) Whats going on? d) Whats up, buddy?

Which is an informal farewell?


a) See ya later. b) Ill see you later. c) It was nice to meet you. d) Pleased to meet you, too.

Which is an informal greeting?


a) Hello! b) How do you do? c) How are you? d) Hi!

Which is a formal farewell?


a) Take care. b) See ya soon. c) Have a nice day. d) Bye.

GREETINGS AND FAREWELLS


Greetings are an important element for socializing. But be careful which greetings to use, according to the setting you are in. There are both formal and informal greetings and farewells in English. When meeting a person for the first time, you should be respectful and polite. In a formal introduction, you should shake hands and say How do you do? or Pleased to meet you. But when young people meet, informal introductions are used and different expressions are used. Sometimes teenagers say Give me five! with a hand slap. Finally, hand shakes are generally not used with people we know well.

200 English - Eighth Grade

Answers:

1. a

2. d

3.a

4. c

Unit One

Lesson 2
Have you met each other before?

Getting started!
ules son las formas ms comunes para presentarse los unos a los otros en Ingls? De qu formas expresas posesin en Ingls? Cules son las preguntas que puedes utilizar para que las dems personas te brinden informacin personal? Cules son algunas profesiones o ocupaciones ms comunes en Ingls?

Achievement indicators
I can address teachers, partners, family members and acquaintances in the correct way, both formally and informally. I can exchange personal information when introducing myself and others.

Do you know how to introduce another person? Do you know which expressions to use?

Activity Conversation and more


Listen to and read the following conversation carefully, and then repeat it out loud. Look up any new words in a dictionary
A: How do you do? My name is Miguel Ayala. B: How do you do? My name is Victor Ventura. A: It is a pleasure to meet you, Mr. Ventura. B: Pleased to meet you, too, Mr. Ayala. A: What do you do for a living, Mr. Ventura? B: I am an accountant. How about you? A: Im a lab technician. C: Excuse me. Victor, where have you been? I have been

Choose the letter that best answers each question.


1.


2.

Whats Miguels last name? A. Ventura B. Ayala What does Mr. Ventura do for a living? A. Hes an accountant. B. Hes an engineer. What is Mr. Ayalas occupation? A. Hes a PC technician. B. Hes a lab technician.


3.

looking for you. B: Oh, darling. Sorry about that. Let me introduce you to Mr. Miguel Ayala. C: Please to meet you, Mr. Ayala. My name is Iris Ventura. A: Pleased to meet you, Mrs. Ventura. B: It was nice meeting you, too, Mr. Ayala. C: Have a nice evening, Mr. Ayala.
Glossary: Darling: sweetheart or dear and is used to show affection. Both: two people or two options together.

Eighth Grade - English 201

UNIT 1 Enrich your vocabulary Introducing others


In social situations, a man is traditionally introduced to a woman. However, in the business world, introductions are based on a persons rank or position in an organization. The highest-ranking person is introduced to everyone else, in order of their position. If you introduce two people of equal rank to each other, introduce the one you know less to the one you know best. Study the following table of formal introductions:
Formal introductions Sentence Dr. White, Id like to introduce you to Rachel Wise. Mr. Ayala, may I introduce you to Mrs. Ventura. Juan, I'd like you to meet Martha. Mrs. Ventura, may I introduce you to my boss, Mr. Galvez? Peter, I'd like you to meet George Smith, our salesman. George, this is Peter Hills. Response Its a pleasure to meet you. Pleased to meet you. How do you do, Martha. Its a pleasure to meet you, sir. Very nice to meet you.

Activity
Read the following conversations carefully. Which conversations use formal introductions?

Conversation 1
Pedro, Id like you to meet Maria. B: How do you do, Maria? C: How do you do, Pedro? A: Maria works for ...
A:

Conversation 2
Pedro, this is Maria. B: Hi, Maria. C: Nice to nice to meet you, Pedro. A: Maria works for ...
A:

Conversation 3
A: B:

Pedro, Id like to introduce you to Maria. Its a pleasure to meet you, Maria. C: How do you do, Pedro? A: Maria works for ...

Activity

Now that you have learned different ways to formally introduce others in English, write two original conversations using these kinds of greetings. Use some of the expressions from the table.

Dont forget!
Dont be afraid to introduce yourself to other people in new settings. Also, remember to introduce your friends to others. Use formal introductions in formal settings such as business parties.

202 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1 Time to read


Read the following letter from a pen pal. Look up new words in a dictionary. Hi. My name is Rosa Martinez, and Im originally from Zacatecoluca, in the department of La Paz. My family moved to San Salvador when I was about 6 years old, so I grew up in the city. I graduated from high school about three years ago, and I am currently studying in a university. Im a freshman, and I am majoring in economics. I also work part time as a cashier in a supermarket. My life is really busy, but I enjoy listening to music, dancing, and hanging out with friends in my free time. When I graduate, I want to work for a big company in San Salvador. Please write soon. Sincerely, Rosa
1.

Activity
Choose the letter that best answers each question.
2.

What is the womans name in the reading? A. Roxy B. Rosa C. Rosemary Where was the woman born? A. La Paz B. San Salvador C. La Libertad Which sentence best describes her university studies? A. She is a last-year student. B. She is majoring in English. C. She is a first-year student. Where does the woman work? A. at a bookstore B. at a restaurant C. at a supermarket What is one thing the woman likes to do in her free time? A. read B. sing C. dance


3.


4.


5.

Activity What for?


With todays technology, it is easy to meet people from any part of the world. There are many web sites in which you can meet people from other cities or countries by chatting or writing emails. Write your own self introduction to a pen pal. Follow Rosas self introduction as a model.

Glossary: Currently: now or at this time. Freshman: first year student.

Majoring: studying in the field of Hanging out: socializing or spending the time with.

Eighth Grade - English 203

UNIT 1

Conversation and more


Listen to and read the following conversation that takes place during a business meeting. Look up any new words in a dictionary. Which expressions are used for formal or self introductions?

Activity

Complete the following conversation by using the words provided below. Then listen to the conversation to check your answers.
job me do meet live computer
A: B:

manager


A: B: A:

How __ you do? I am Victor Gomez. I am here for the __ interview. Hello, Mr. Gomez. Im pleased to __ you. I am Roxy Vegas and I am the __ of this company. Please, take a seat. Thank you very much. Okay, let me see. Would you like to tell __ about yourself? Yes. Well, I __ in Santa Ana. I graduated 3 years ago. I am currently taking __ courses here in San Salvador...

A:

Excuse me. Id like to introduce myself. My name is Israel Bonilla. Im the general manager of Ilosbasco Craft Company here in El Salvador. B: Its a pleasure to meet you, Mr. Bonilla. My name is Armando Hoyos. A: Im pleased to meet you, Mr. Hoyos. And what do you do for a living? B: I am a sales representative of My Hometown Souvenirs. A: Oh. What do you sell, Mr. Hoyos? B: We sell handmade hammocks. A: Well, maybe we can make a business deal.

Activity
1.

Answer the following questions with your own information. What do you do for a living? 2. What do you study? 3. Would you like to tell me about yourself? 4. Where do you work?

Hands on! 1B

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1. 2.

Activity

Answer the following questions about the previous conversation. Where does Mr. Hoyos work? What does Mr. Bonilla do for a living? 3. What does Mr. Hoyos sell? 4. What is the name of Mr. Bonillas company?
Glossary: Craft: a piece of art made with a lot of skill, especially with your hands. Handmade hammocks: a strong net that you hang between two trees to sleep on.

Look at the list you made in Hands on! 1A. Think about the jobs you have had in the past. Next to each job, list some of the basic data such as the job title, the name of the place or company, your starting and ending dates of work, salary, and the work hours.

204 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1 Enrich your vocabulary


Informal introductions can be used in informal settings or with people you already know: at work, at home, at school, etc. Keep in mind that these are more common in everyday language. Study the following expressions carefully:
Informal introductions Sentence Response Antonia, this is Tim. Hes a coworker. Hi. My names Jesus. Hi. Nice to meet you. This is Mauro and this is Morris. I want you to meet Andres.

Conversation 2
A:

Paul, this is Susana Bright, the new administrative assistant. Susan, this is Paul Mendez our vice president. Hes running a new project. Hell tell you about it. B: Hello, Susana. Welcome! C: Thank you. lts nice to meet you. B: Nice meeting you, too.

Conversation and more


Read the following conversations and identify the informal introductions. Look up any new words in a dictionary.

Conversation 1

A: Hello, Jessica. How are you? B: Fine, thanks. I am sorry, whats your name again? A: Its Douglas. Douglas Oliva. B: Oh, thats right! Douglas, this is our secretary, Sarai A: C: A:

Activity
Answer the following questions about Conversation 2. What does Susana do? What does Paul do? 3. Where do you think they are?
1. 2.

10

Vasquez. She is in the new office. Hi, Sarai. Its nice to meet you. Hi, Douglas. I think you are the new supervisor? Thats right.

Activity

11

Now that you have learned different ways to informally introduce others in English, write 2 short conversations using these kinds of greetings. Use some of the expressions provided in the table above.

What for?

9
1.

Activity

Answer the following questions about Conversation 1. What does Sarai do? 2. Who is Douglas?

Informal greetings and introductions are used in informal settings: when meeting and introducing friends, relatives and acquaintances. Express these kinds of greetings when making friends or meeting new people at parties or family reunions.

Eighth Grade - English 205

UNIT 1 Language in use Review of the verb be by using Wh-questions


Study the following table:
Question words What Which When Where Who Why How How far How much Verb be is is is are is are are is is Complement your occupation? your laptop? the meeting? her documents? the new employee? you happy? you today? the store? the new printer?

Review of titles
When addressing people, use titles to show respect and be polite. Use a title with the complete name of the person or the last name. Study the following table:
Title Mr. Miss Mrs. Ms. Explanation adult male (married or unmarried) young or adult female (unmarried) female (married) female (married or unmarried) Examples Mr. Juan Curtis or Mr. Curtis Miss Gabriela Solis or Miss Solis Mrs. Maria Pea or Mrs. Pea Ms. Abigail Ayala or Ms. Ayala

Activity

13

12

Activity

Decide whether the following statements are true or false.


1.

Make questions that correspond to the following answers.


1. Q: __? A: I am an architect. 2. Q: __? A: Its on the desk. 3. Q: __? A: Its next Monday morning. 4. Q: __? A: They are in my office. 5. Q: __? A: He is Miguel, the new carpenter.

Use Mr. when addressing an adult male. 2. Use Mrs. when addressing a married woman. 3. Use Ms. when addressing a single woman. 4. Use Miss when addressing a single woman.

6. Q: __? A: I am fine. Thank you. 7. Q: __? A: Its ninety dollars. 8. Q: __? A: Because it is Friday.

206 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1

14

Activity

Match the question with the answers below, and then practice them by repeating them out loud.
Questions 1 Whats your name? 2 Where is your family originally from? 3 How are you today? 4 What color are your shoes? 5 Whats your favorite color? 6 Whats your cell phone number? 7 Who is your best friend? 8 Whats your best friend like? 9 How old is he? 10 Wheres my English book? 11 Whats our teacher wearing today? 12 How do you spell your last name? A B C D E F G H I J K L Answers My best friend is George. Its 7889-6523. Were from Usulutn. My name is Elizabeth Guzmn. Its next to the laptop. Theyre white. Hes wearing blue jeans. Its red. Its M-A-R-T-I-N-E-Z. Hes tall and friendly. Im okay! Hes twenty-one years old.

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Activity Lesson core


Conociste las diferentes formas para presentarte y presentar a las dems personas en Ingls. Ya sea de una manera formal o informal dependiendo de las personas y el contexto o situacin que te encontrabas. Adems, escuchaste conversaciones para familiarizarte con la pronunciacin y el uso de los mismos en situaciones bastantes cercanas a la realidad. Utilizaste varias expresiones idiomticas que hacen que tu Ingls se escuche ms natural y espontneo. Escribiste varias conversaciones preguntando por informacin personal tales como nombres, ocupaciones y presentaciones personales. Finalmente, practicaste como escribir, responder y utilizar diferentes tipos de preguntas para pedir y brindar datos, plasmando tu propia informacin personal.

Now answer the same questions using your own information.

Eighth Grade - English 207

UNIT 1

Self evaluation
Choose the letter that best answers each question.

Which is an expression of an informal introduction? a) Id like to introduce b) May I introduce you to c) Pablo, this is Peter d) Id like you to meet .

Which of the following is a Wh- question? a) Can I have your name? b) Are you an auditor? c) What do you do? d) Does he work in a store?

Which is an expression of formal introduction? a) Take care. b) Okay, I see. c) Id like you to meet d) Jaime, this is Omar

Which are subject pronouns? a) me, him, her and them b) I, you, they, we c) my, your, theirs, her d) this, that, these, those

MAKING INTRODUCTIONS

Knowing how to introduce another person to your friends or colleagues is important in social situations. By perfecting this skill, youll have the opportunity to meet new people, socialize and make many new friends. There are formal and informal ways to introduce other people and even yourself in the English language. No matter where you are or who you are with, you must know how to make introductions properly.

208 English - Eighth Grade

Answers:

1. c

2. c

3.c

4. b

Unit One

Lesson 3
What do you like doing?

Getting started!
ules son las diferentes formas de expresar tus gustos en Ingls? Cules son las formas de decir lo que no te gusta en Ingls? Qu actividades puedes realizar en tu tiempo libre? Cuales son las palabras o expresiones que se utilizan para expresar tus gustos y preferencias?

Achievement indicators
I can read, ask and answer short questions related to personal information to find out peoples likes and dislikes. I can express preferences with confidence and clarity in written texts and oral form.

Which words do you use to express your likes and dislikes? 1. like 2. hate 3. love 4. dislike 5. prefer 6. enjoy 7.detest Answer the following questions.

Activity

Conversation and more


Listen to and read the following conversation carefully. Look up any new words in a dictionary.
A: Do you like classical music, Pat? B: No, I dont like it very much. Do you, Rick? A: Well, yes, I do. Im a real fan of Beethoven. B: Oh, does he play any musical instrument? A: No, he was a composer! So, what kind of music do

1.

What kind of music does Rick like? 2. Who is Pats favorite singer? 3. Does Rick like that singer? Why or why not?

Dont forget!
You have the right to choose what you like or reject what you dislike. Nobody can force you to do what you do not feel like doing.

you like? B: I like salsa a lot. A: Whos your favorite singer, Pat? B: Rey Ruiz. I really love his music. How about you, Rick? Do you like him? A: No, I dont. I cant stand him!
Glossary: Fan: admirer or fanatic. I cant stand: I dont like.

Eighth Grade - English 209

UNIT 1 Enrich your vocabulary


If you want to express your likes or preferences in English, you can use two different forms. Study the following table:
Verb expressions to show likes I love I adore I like I am crazy about I enjoy Im mad about Examples with verb + noun form I love chocolate. I adore Chinese food. I like pop music. I am crazy about Madonna. I enjoy horror movies. Im mad about Brad Pitt.

Activity

What do you like? Complete the following statements with personal information using the verb + ing form that is shown in the table.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

I love... I like... I enjoy... Im crazy about... Im mad about...

Conversation and more Activity


Listen to and read the following conversation and identify the words used to express Mike and Ruths likes. Then practice the conversation by reading it out loud. Look up any new words in a dictionary.
A: Do you like horror films, Mike? B: Yes, I enjoy horror movies. How about you, Ruth? A: B: A: B:

What do you like? Complete the following statements with personal information using the verb + noun form that is shown in the table.
1. 2.

I love... I like... 3. I enjoy... 4. Im crazy about... 5. Im mad about... Study the following table:
Verb expressions to show likes I love I adore I like I am crazy about I enjoy Im mad about Examples with verb + ing form I love playing video games. I adore listening to rock music. I like dancing. I am crazy about going to concerts. I enjoy talking with my friends. Im mad about singing in English.

Do you like horror films, too? Yes, I like them a lot. Do you like dancing salsa, Ruth? Yes, I adore dancing salsa. How about you, Mike? Yes, I really love dancing salsa on the weekends.

What for?
These expressions can be used to express your own likes or preferences. Can you name a few?

210 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1 Time to read


Read the following paragraphs. Look up any new words in a dictionary.

Diegos pastimes
Hello my name is Diego Perez, and I am an English teacher. I live in La Libertad, but I am renting a house in San Salvador. I hate shopping, but my wife loves it. She buys something new every week! I like sports and so do my two children. We like volleyball and basketball. We are crazy about salsa music and fast food, and my wife likes dancing and working out at the gym. We dont like restaurants or discos much, but we like going to the movies. Im a real fan of team sports, so I enjoy soccer but only watching it on TV. I am too old to play now. My wife also enjoys playing, but she definitely loves shopping more!

Sofias pastimes
My names Sofia Rosales, and I am a secretary. I live in San Miguel and work in a bank in San Salvador. I really like working in this city but driving there is awful. The traffic is very bad and also most drivers are rude. The morning commute takes a long time and can be dangerous. I have a lot of hobbies. I love reading, studying English, painting and listening to music. I really like singing and I take lessons every Saturday evening. I dont like going to the movies and I hate exercising but my husband enjoys those things. I am crazy about karate and swimming. I swim 3 days a week.

Activity
Read the previous paragraph again and answer the following questions.
1. 2.

4
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Activity

3. 4. 5. 6.

Read the previous paragraphs again and answer the following questions. Where does Sofia work? Does Sofia hate working in San Salvador? What does Sofia love doing? What does Sofias husband like? What is Sofia mad about?

Where does Diego live? What does he teach? What does Diegos wife love to do? What is Diego a fan of? Does Diego like shopping? Does his wife like dancing?

Hands on! 1C
Other elements that you should take into consideration and include when comparing jobs are: transportation time and cost ( the amount of time and how much money it will take to commute), facilities ( the environment that you work in), and resources that are available to use.
Working out: doing different kinds of physical exercises. Shopping: going to stores to buy things.

Glossary: Awful: terrible or unpleasant. Renting a house: paying a monthly fee for living in a house which is not going to be yours.

Eighth Grade - English 211

UNIT 1 Conversation and more


Read the following conversations and identify the preferences (likes or dislikes). Look up any new words in a dictionary.

Conversation 2
A: B:

Conversation 1
A:

Johnny, what do you like doing in your free time? Well, Jenny, I really like sleeping and resting in my house. How about you? A: I enjoy visiting new places and meeting new people. I also love reading, especially romance novels. By the way, do you like reading? B: Not really. I hate reading novels. I prefer watching action movies and listening to music. A: What kind of music? B: Rock and heavy metal. What kind of music do you like, Jenny? A: Im a fan of jazz music. B: Do you really like jazz? A: Yes, I like it a lot.

Mauricio, Im thinking about renting a movie for tomorrows meeting, and I want to know what kind of movies you like. B: Okay, Martha. What type of movie are you thinking about? A: Well, what about action movies? B: Ah, I dont really like action movies. There is too much violence. A: Okay, do you like sci-fi? B: I do enjoy science fiction. A: Fine. Well, what do you think about thrillers or comedies? B: Well, Martha . . . Im not really crazy about thrillers, but comedies are often fun to watch. And I really like foreign films, too. A: Okay, Mauricio. Ill go to the video store right now and see what I can find.

Activity
Choose the letter that best answers each question about Conversation 2.
1.

6
1. 2. 3. 4.

Activity

Answer the following questions about Conversation 1. Does Mauricio like action movies? Is Mauricio crazy about thriller movies? What kind of movies does Mauricio enjoy? Does Mauricio really like comedies?

2.

A. sleeping and resting B. eating and relaxing

What does Johnny like doing in his free time?

What does Jenny love doing? A. reading books B. meeting new people

Dont forget!
The more you ask your coworkers, friends and acquaintances about their likes and dislikes the better you get to know them. Be open-minded and share your preferences with others in order to broaden your horizons.

What kind of music does Jenny like? A. rock B. jazz


3. 4.

Who prefers watching action movies? A. Johnny B. Jenny

212 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1 Enrich your vocabulary


Two different forms can be used in order to express dislikes in English. Study the following table:
Verb expressions to show dislikes I hate I dislike (I dont like) I detest I cant stand I cant bear Im sick of Im tired of Examples with verb + noun form I hate snakes. I dislike classical music. I detest spinach and broccoli. I cant stand smoke. I cant bear lazy students. Im sick of English homework. Im tired of vegetable soup.

Activity

What do you dislike doing? Complete the following statements with personal information using the verb + ing form as shown in the table.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

I hate... I dislike... I detest... I cant stand... I cant bear... Im sick of... Im tired of...

Activity

What do you dislike? Complete the following statements by filling in personal information using the verb + noun form shown in the table.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

I dislike... I detest... I cant stand... I cant bear... Im sick of... Im tired of...

Study the following table:


Verb expressions to Examples with show dislikes verb + ing form I hate I hate watching TV. dislike listening to angry I dislike (I dont like) I people. I detest I detest fighting. I cant stand playing video I cant stand games. I cant bear I cant bear eating onions. Im sick of going to the Im sick of movies. Im tired of Im tired of working too much.

What for?
To respect other peoples preferences is to begin learning how to be tolerant. In real life you ought to demonstrate respect for different opinions, ideas and preferences in order to socialize and live in perfect harmony.

Eighth Grade - English 213

UNIT 1 Language in use


Study the following table on how to ask for peoples likes and dislikes.
Yes/No questions Do you like music? Yes, I do. I like it a lot. No, I dont. I dont like it very much. Do you like movies? Yes, I do. I like them a lot. No, I dont like them at all. Wh-questions What kind of music do you like? I like pop music a lot. What kind of movies do you like? I really like comedy movies a lot.

Object pronouns are used to substitute the person or object that is being referred to. They are used after verbs and prepositions. It refers to a thing in the singular form and them is used for people or things in the plural form. Study the following table of pronouns:
Object pronouns me you him her it us them Object pronouns in sentences Tiffany kicks the I kick the ball. ball to me. Mike sends you an Mike sends you email. an email. They give Roberto They give him the the report. report. We tell Monica the We tell her the number. number. I will bring the I will bring it. computer. You love your You love us. mother and me. You are with your You are with brothers. them. Sentences

10
1.

Activity

Answer the following questions with your own information. Do you like classical music? 2. Do you love spaghetti? 3. Do you enjoy onions? 4. Do you hate garlic? 5. Do you dislike broccoli? 6. Do you detest action movies? 7. What kind of music do you like? 8. What kind of movies do you like? 9. What kind of food do you like? 10. What do you like doing? 11. Do you like your job? 12. Do you like what you do? 13. What dont you like about your job?

Activity

11

Write the proper object pronouns for the following statements. Follow the example below.

Example:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Marys mother visits Doctor Ovidio Torres every year. Marys mother visits him every year.

Rosa uses her computer every morning. Gabbys cousin likes pupusas. The carpenter works with his brothers. Mary dislikes sodas. Gabriela calls Tom every night. The teacher gives the students homework every Friday. Do you go to the movies with your mom? Brian is crazy about rap music.

214 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1

12
Example:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Activity

Read the following statements carefully, and then label each statement to show if people are expressing likes (L) or dislikes (DL). I dislike listening to jazz. DL

I detest studying on vacation. Im crazy about going to discos. I cant bear drinking milk. Im tired of watching science fiction movies. I love visiting my friends. Im a fan of eating pizza.

13
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Activity

Write original sentences expressing your likes or dislikes using the following information. listen to music, surf the internet, watch TV go bike riding, play sports read magazines, play video games go out with friends, visit relatives, go shopping go to the park, go to the movies, go dancing basketball, soccer, softball, volleyball chess, magazines, email, chat room movies: science fiction, adventure, drama, thriller, television series, documentary

Lesson core
Conociste las diferentes formas de preguntar y expresar acerca de los gustos y preferencias de las personas que te rodean en ingls. Practicaste como decir las cosas que te gustan realizar utilizando una gran variedad de expresiones prcticas y comunes. Adems, opinaste acerca de las cosas o actividades que no te gustan o agradan en diferentes formas y con diferentes palabras de acuerdo a tu perspectiva. Escuchaste varias conversaciones en diferentes contextos acerca de las preferencias de algunas personas y respondiste preguntas para comprobar tu comprensin lectora y auditiva en el idioma Ingls al respecto de este tema en particular. Tuviste la oportunidad de leer y escribir un prrafo acerca de tus gustos y preferencias en Ingls de una forma sencilla e interesante. Finalmente, practicaste como utilizar los object pronouns o pronombres que reciben la accin directa de un verbo y que sustituyen a los sustantivos, escribiendo y respondiendo diferentes tipos de oraciones en Ingls.

14
Examples:
1.

Activity

Make questions to ask peoples likes and dislikes using the information in Activity 13. Follow the examples below. What kind of music do you like? I like to listen to pop music. 2. What do you dislike eating? I dislike eating spaghetti.

Eighth Grade - English 215

UNIT 1

Self evaluation
Choose the letter that best answers each question.

Which statement expresses a like? a) I hate listening to rock music. b) I dislike onions. c) I am tired of eating pizza. d) I love dancing salsa.

Which statement has an object pronoun? I really hate soap operas. b) You love practicing English. c) I really like it a lot. d) I dislike sci-fi.
a)

Which statement expresses a dislike? a) I enjoy speaking English. b) I am mad about Madonna. c) I am sick of working on the weekends. d) I adore going to church on Sundays.

Which statement has a mistake? a) I like it a lot. b) I dont like them a lot. c) I dont like it very much. d) I dislike reading.

LIKES AND DISLIKES


Its important to keep other peoples likes and dislikes in mind before sharing or making an invitation. Everyone is different but we must respect each others preferences. Many differences are seen between countries because each country has a variety of customs and lifestyles different from its neighbor. Do you have friends or acquaintances from other countries? Ask them about their likes and dislikes. Are they similar to your own?

216 English - Eighth Grade

Answers:

1. d

2. c

3.c

4. b

Unit One

Lesson 4
Whats your occupation?

Getting started!
mo se comparan las cosas, personas, lugares y trabajos en Ingls? Cmo se forman y se expresan los superlativos en Ingls? De qu forma se expresan las responsabilidades o actividades diarias en el trabajo en Ingls? Cules son los trabajos u ocupaciones ms fciles y los ms difciles? Achievement indicators
I can compare people, places, things, jobs and activities with grammatical accuracy. I can write original sentences using comparatives and superlatives.

I can recognize the phonemes /s/, /z/, and /z/ of the third person singular form in audio and written sources.

Which of the following are jobs? 1. carpenter 2. play 3. salesperson 4. study 5. clerk 6. cashier 7. pilot

Conversation and more


Listen to and read the following conversation and identify the occupations. Look up any new words in a dictionary.
A: Good morning. My name is Sergio Molina. B: Good morning, Mr. Molina. I am Rafael Mendoza. A: Nice to meet to you, Mr. Mendoza. Please, call

Activity
Answer the following questions.
1.

me Sergio. Nice to meet you, too, Sergio. You can call me Rafael. A: What do you do, Rafael? B: I am a clerk in a clothing store. And whats your occupation, Sergio? A: I am a salesperson in an electronics shop. B: Where do you live? A: I live in Ahuachapan. How about you? B: Well, Sergio I am from La Union, but I live and work here in San Salvador. A: I have to go. It was nice meeting you, Rafael. B: It was a pleasure to meet you, too, Sergio.
B:

Whats Sergios occupation? 2. What is Rafaels occupation? 3. Where does Sergio work? 4. Where does Rafael live?

Dont forget!
Every job has its own duties and responsibilities, and every employee has to perform them as effectively and efficiently as possible.

Eighth Grade - English 217

UNIT 1 Enrich your vocabulary


Study the following table that contains jobs and work places.
Jobs/ occupations accountant advertising agent assistant Jobs/ occupations photographer police officer politician Workplaces

Which is the most difficult job? Which is the easiest job? Every occupation has its own list of activities or duties. Below there is a list of several job activities or tasks for hotel staff . What do the following people do in a hotel?

babysitter bus driver cashier chef/ cook dentist electrician factory worker farmer garbage collector guard housekeeper hotel clerk janitor lab technician lawyer mason mechanic musician nurse painter parking lot attendant

receptionist sailor secretary security officer service station attendant store clerk shoemaker soldier student tailor taxi driver teacher telephone operator teller truck driver typist undertaker vice president waiter waitress writer

airport bar call center construction site daycare center deparment store drugstore factory farm health club home hospital /clinic hotel movie theater national park nightclub restaurant school shopping mall sports stadium studio supermarket transportation zoo

the hotel.

Clerk/receptionist - This person checks people into Bell man - This person takes the guests bags to

their rooms.

various places at the hotel. Cook - This person prepares food in a restaurant. Pastry chef - This person makes bread, cakes, and cookies in a restaurant. Waiter/waitress - This person serves guests food in a restaurant. Host/Hostess - This person greets the guests and takes them to their table in a restaurant. Bartender - This person makes drinks in a restaurant or bar. General manager - This person supervises the employees and makes sure guests enjoy their stay.

Tram driver - This person drives people to/from

218 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1 Time to read


Read the following email carefully. Look up any new words in a dictionary. From: katherine@gmail.com To: georgetheking@gmail.com Hi, George! Im excited to tell you that I got the position as a secretary at a local construction company. I have many duties that make my life a little bit stressful, but I really like my new job. I have to answer the telephone and provide information or assistance to the callers. I take and deliver messages. In addition, I greet visitors and direct them to the appropriate location. I compose and type routine correspondence and memos using word processing software, as well as compile and type statistical reports including tables and text by using spreadsheet software. Finally, I make copies and staple materials as requested. This is what happens on a regular day but a busy day is a totally different story! Say hi to your family. Bye, Katherine Read the following job description carefully. Look up any new words in a dictionary. My name is Miguel Ayala, and Im a customer service representative. I work in a telecommunication company. I receive and make telephone calls and maintain solid customer relationships by handling their questions and concerns with speed and professionalism. In addition, I perform data entry and use software programs. Finally, I try to solve customer problems or complaints.

Activity
Answer the following questions.
1.

What does Miguel do? 2. Where does he work? 3. Does he receive telephone calls?

2
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Activity

What for?
Each employee should know the exact or precise duties of their job and be responsible for them. By doing this, they will contribute to the company and accomplish the companys mission and vision.

Decide whether the following statements are true or false. Katherine doesnt like her job. She takes family messages. She greets visitors. She composes music for people. She doesnt make copies. She answers the phone and provides information.

Glossary: Duties: responsibilities. Deliver: to bring. Collate: to collect or bring together. Staple: to attach or clip together.

Customer: client or buyer. Maintain: to keep or have. Handling: managing or giving the correct answers. Perform: to do.

Eighth Grade - English 219

UNIT 1

Conversation and more


Listen to and read the following conversations carefully and repeat them out loud. Look up any new words in a dictionary.

Conversation 1
A: Hi, Robert. How are you today? B: Hello, Ana. Whats up? A: I have some good news. B: Come on, tell me Ana, please. A: Okay. I got a new job. B: Really? Where? Doing what? A: At Mikes restaurant. I am the new chef. B: Oh, my God! Thats great! Congratulations! A: I will start on Monday morning. B: Whats the schedule? A: Well, its from 6 a.m. to 2 p.m. And its better than my B: A:

Conversation 2
A: Ana! B: Hi, Robert. Whats new? A: I have more good news! You wont believe it! B: Oh? What is it, Robert? Tell me right now. I cant wait to A: Remember the job I was looking for? B: Yes! A: Guess what? B: Dont be so cruel! Say it, please. A: Well, I got the bartender position at World Disco. B: Are you kidding? Thats awesome! Congratulations. A: Thanks a lot. I really like my new job. Its less stressful

hear it.

last job. Thats nice. Ill be your first customer! Thanks a lot my friend.

than my last job.

4

1. 2.

Activity

Activity
Read the conversation again and answer the following questions.
1.

Choose the letter that best answers each question. What does Ana do? A. She is a waitress. B. She is a chef. Where will she work? A. at Niles restaurant B. at Mikes restaurant Who is Robert? A. her friend B. her boyfriend

What is Roberts position? 2. Where does he work? 3. Does he like his job?

Hands on! 1D
Some jobs include extras such as health insurance, paid vacation, a pension plan, medical plan, and discounts or deductions. Did any of your jobs in the past have these? Be sure to include them in your list.
Awesome: something splendid or amazing.

3.

Glossary: Looking for: in search of a job. Guess what: to speculate about something.

220 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1 Enrich your vocabulary


1. Comparatives are adjectives that are used to compare two or more things. Study the following

table to make comparisons of adjectives:

If an adjective has one syllable, add -er. taller sicker older, faster, cleaner, longer, wider, nicer

If an adjective ends with a -y, change the -y to -i and add er. funnier uglier prettier, dirtier, busier, saltier

If an adjective is a constant-vowelconsonant, double the last letter and add -er. bigger sadder hotter, thinner, fatter

If an adjective has two or more syllables, dont change the spelling but add more before the word. more difficult more pleasant more comfortable, more expensive, more beautiful, more complicated

2. Superlatives compare the highest or lowest most, or least to an adjective table with rules for forming

superlatives. Study the following table to make comparisons of adjectives:


If an adjective ends with a -y, change the -y to -i and add est. funniest ugliest prettiest, dirtiest, busiest, saltiest

If an adjective has one syllable, add -est. tallest sickest oldest, fastest, cleanest, longest, widest, nicest

If an adjective is a constant-vowelconsonant, double the last letter and add -est. biggest saddest hottest, thinnest, fattest

If an adjective has two or more syllables, dont change the spelling but add most before the word. most difficult most pleasant most comfortable, most expensive, most beautiful, most complicated

Examples of comparative adjectives:


1. 2. 3. 4.

Examples of superlative adjectives:


1. 2. 3. 4.

The man is taller than the woman. Beans are saltier than bread. My dog is bigger than your cat. English is more difficult than Spanish.

My dad is the tallest in his family. You have the dirtiest desk in the office. The hottest days of the year are in April. The most beautiful houses are in San Benito.

Activity

Change the following adjectives into comparatives and superlatives.

Example:
expensive - more expensive - most expensive cheap - cheaper - cheapest
1.

beautiful, big, cold, dangerous, intelligent 2. dark, entertaining, hot, old 3. large, light, long, small, ugly 4. pretty, rich, short, strong

Eighth Grade - English 221

UNIT 1 Language in use


Study the following table of irregular adjectives in the comparative and superlative forms:
Adjective bad good far little much many Comparative worse better farther/further less more more Superlative the worst the best the farthest/furthest the least the most the most

Activity
Choose the letter that best answers each question.
1.


2.

Carpenters earn __ lawyers. A. lesser than B. less than C. more than Construction workers work __ pilots. A. harder than B. more hard than C. the hardest A mechanical engineers job __ an interior designers job. A. is the most artistic than B. is less artistic than C. are less artistic than Working as a teacher __ being a radio announcer. A. is difficulty than B. is more harder than C. is harder than Doctors __ nurses. A. is better paid than B. are the best paid than C. are paid better than

7
1.

Activity


3.

Choose the letter that best answers each question. Karen is __ than her sister. A. young B. younger C. youngest The mouse is the __ animal in the zoo. A. small B. smaller C. smallest The dog is __ than the cat. A. large B. larger C. largest A tiger is __ than a bird. A. dangerous B. more dangerous C. most dangerous Those are probably the __ curtains in the store. A. fancyest B. fanciest C. most fanciest


4.

2.


5.

3.

4.

Activity
Answer the following questions using your own opinion.
1. 2.

5.

What is the easiest job? What is the best paid job in El Salvador? 3. Which is the least important job? 4. Which is the most dangerous job?

222 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1

10
A: B: A: B: C: A: B: C: A: B: C: B: C: A:

Activity

Activity
Write sentences using comparatives and superlatives. Follow the example below.

12

Complete this conversation using comparatives. Use the adjectives in parentheses to write the complete comparison statements. Good evening. May I help you? Yes, were looking for a computer for my older son. He starts a new job next Monday. Okay. So you need a good computer immediately. Thats right. Im not sure if we want to buy this laptop or that desktop. Well, theyre both excellent computers. The desktop is much ( 1. fast) and ( 2. powerful) than the laptop, isnt it? And the hard drive is ( 3. large). Yes, but it looks too big for my computer desk. The laptop is much ( 4. compact). Ah, well, then you really need a laptop. Are you sure, Mary? Remember, the laptop is much ( 5. expensive) than the desktop, and the screen is ( 6. small). But the desktops ( 7. ugly)! Oh, I dont know. I just love that laptop. Fine, its your decision. Remember you are buying the computer because you are better paid than me. RealIy? Okay, well take the laptop. Perfect!

Example: fast
The desktop computer is much faster than the laptop. My computer is the fastest in the office.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

powerful large compact expensive small ugly

Activity

13

Make sentences by comparing two places, two jobs or two people. Use the comparative adjective forms.

Lesson core
Conociste las ocupaciones y lugares de trabajo ms comunes en Ingls. As mismo leste y conociste las actividades o responsabilidades principales de algunas ocupaciones. Tambin, practicaste como hacer comparaciones sencillas entre trabajos y lugares de trabajo, las cuales utilizaste para describir tus propias obligaciones y deberes dentro de tu lugar de trabajo, si ese es fue t caso. Los colores de algunos objetos. Adems, conociste como decir en ingls los equipos y objetos ms comunes que se usan en tu oficina o lugar de trabajo. Finalmente, estudiaste como se hace la forma superlativa de los adjetivos las cuales te sirvieron para comparar a varios grupos de cosas y ocupaciones.

11
1.

Activity

Answer repeat the following questions, using your own opinion. What is the most difficult job? 2. What is the most important job? 3. Which is the most stressful job? 4. Which is the most common job in El Salvador?

Glosssary: Hard drive: the principal disk of the computer to store information.

Eighth Grade - English 223

UNIT 1

Self evaluation

Choose the letter or letters that best answer each question. Which of the following is a comparative adjective form? a) difficult b) more stressful than c) the easiest d) the most expensive

Which of the following are occupations? a) hospital b) mechanic c) office d) secretary

Which of the following is a superlative adjective form? a) better paid than b) more relaxing than c) the most important job d) worse than

Which of the following are workplaces? a) janitor b) bank c) manager d) hospital

A NEW JOB
When looking for a job, keep in mind the different aspects of the job, such as working hours, benefits, facilities, salary, and duties or responsibilities. It is essential to compare such aspects before accepting a new job and resigning from your current one. If you work for a bigger company or corporation, you should be aware of the amount of work that you will have. It is possible that you will be under a lot of stress but be paid a higher salary. Would it be worth it? Be sure to think things over before accepting a new job.

224 English - Eighth Grade

Answers:

1. b

2. c

3.b, d

4. b, d

Unit One

Lesson 5
What is in your office?

Getting started!
ules son los equipos ms comunes que se utilizan en una oficina o negocio? Qu actividades realizan las dems personas dentro de las diferentes reas de una oficina o negocio? Cmo se expresa posesin en Ingls? Cmo se conjugan las terceras personas del singular en Ingls? Achievement indicators
I can label and identify vocabulary related to office or business areas, personnel, equipment, objects and activities. I can recognize the phonemes /s/, /z/, and /z/ of the third person singular form in audio and written sources.

What are the areas or divisions of a business? 1. administration 2. desk 3. production 4. work 5. sales 6. employee

Activity
Choose the letter that best answers each question.
1.

Conversation and more


Listen to and read the following conversation carefully. Look up any new words in a dictionary.
A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B:


2.

What does Paco do? A. Hes an electrical technician. B. Hes a computer technician. Does he have to write reports? A. No, he doesnt. B. Yes, he does.

Hi Paco. Can you tell me about your current job? Definitely. What would you like to know, Jose? First of all, what do you do exactly? I work as a computer technician at PC LAND. What are your responsibilities? Im responsible for the systems administration. What kind of problems do you face? Oh, there are always little system problems. Do you have to present any reports? Not at all. I just have to keep things working properly. Do you ever attend meetings? Yes, I attend an administration department meeting at the end of each month. A: Thanks for your help, Paco. It sounds like you have an interesting job. B: Yes, and stressful too!
Glossary: Fan: admirer or fanatic. I cant stand: I dont like.

Eighth Grade - English 225

UNIT 1 Enrich your vocabulary


Some companies are bigger than others and have more divisions and employees. There are four basic divisions in any business: 1. The finance department, which takes care of bookkeeping, payroll and collection. 2. The administration department, which performs typing, filing, answering phones, office supplies and distributing mail. 3. The production department, which performs the core services such as purchasing or producing merchandise. 4. The sales department, which promotes and sells the goods and services. Within every department or division there are different people or staff working. Every person performs a different role or duty which contributes to the achievement of the companys objectives. Below there is a list of different occupations and a practical explanation of the duties for that occupation:
Lawyer - a person that defends or prosecutes people

accounts of a company. Architect: a person that designs buildings and houses. Bricklayer: a person that helps to build houses using bricks. Carpenter: a person that makes things from wood including houses and furniture. Chef/Cook: a person that prepares food for others, often in a restaurant or caf. Janitor: a person that cleans an area or a place (such as in an office) Electrician - a person that works with electrical circuits. Factory worker - a person that works in a factory. Gardener - a person that keeps gardens clean and tidy. Journalist - a person that makes reports in writing or on television.

Accountant: a person that works with the money and

in court and gives legal advice. Mechanic - a person that repairs machines, especially car motors. Model - a person that works in fashion, modeling clothes and accessories. Painter - a person that paints pictures or the interior and exterior of buildings. Photographer - a person that takes photos. Plumber - a person that repairs water systems or pipes. Receptionist - a person that assists people at the reception (entrance) of a company. Secretary - a person who works in an office and types letters, keeps records, assists the boss etc. Shop assistant - a person that works in a shop or store selling products. Tailor - a person that makes clothes for others by sewing exclusive items of clothing. Waiter/Waitress - a person that works in a restaurant, attending customers and serving food. Window cleaner - a person that cleans and washes windows of buildings.

Activity
Read each explanation again and identify the actions (verbs) that each person does.

Examples:
Accountant - works 2. Architect - designs
1.

Dont forget!
The more you ask people about their likes and dislikes the more you get to know your coworkers, friends and acquaintances. Be openminded and share your preferences with others in order to broaden your horizons.

226 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1 Time to read


Read the following article about Rosa. Look up any new words in a dictionary.

Rosas office

Like many offices, Rosas office is a place where she really concentrates on her work and feels comfortable at the same time. Of course, she has all the necessary equipment on her desk. On the left side of her desk she has a telephone next to the fax machine. Her computer is in the middle of her desk with the monitor directly centered. She has a comfortable office chair to sit on and some pictures of her family between the computer and the telephone. In order to help her read, she also has a lamp near her computer which she uses in the evening if she works late. There are staples and a stapler, paper clips, highlighters, pens and erasers in her desk drawer.

Read the following article about Miguel. Look up any new words in a dictionary.

Miguels workshop

3
1.

Activity

Choose the letter that best answers each question or statement. What does Rose do in her office? A. relax B. concentrate C. read magazines Which equipment does she not have on her desk? A. a fax machine B. a lamp C. a photocopier Where are the pictures of her family? A. next to the lamp B. between the computer and the phone C. near the fax Rosa uses the lamp to read__. A. in the afternoon B. in the morning C. in the evening Where does she keep the pens and erasers? A. on the desk B. next to the computer C. in a desk drawer

Miguel is a mechanic, and he uses his desk for a number of purposes. He often has a computer and telephone to take care of paper work, but he also uses his desk as a place to put his tools as he works at his different tasks. Miguel has to do a variety of physical tasks that often involve greasy equipment. When he is finished working, he sits down to do a report or makes a telephone call. He usually does not clean his desk very often as he knows that his desk will just get dirty again soon.

2.

3.

4.

Activity

Decide whether the following statements are true or false.


1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

5.

Miguel is a mechanic. He uses his desk only for one purpose. He has to do many mental tasks. He usually cleans his desk. He knows his desk will be clean all the time.

Eighth Grade - English 227

UNIT 1 Language in use


In English, there is a way to express possession without telling the name of the owner. Possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession, ownership or close relationship between the noun it represents and some other person or entity.
Subject pronouns I you he she it we they Possessive pronouns mine yours his hers its ours theirs Possessive pronouns in sentences This book is mine. Which pen is yours? Those printers are his. That chair is hers. This is its ink. The small desk is ours. These files are theirs.

Conversation 2
A: B: A:

Roxy! Hey, Sandra. Whats new? Nothing much. I just want to give you back your stapler. B: Okay. What about yours? A: I couldnt find it. B: You can keep mine if you need it because I have an extra one. A: Are you sure? B: Yes. Use mine, and give Maria her stapler. A: Great! Ill return hers now. Thanks a lot.

Conversation and more


Listen to and read the following conversations carefully. Then practice them by reading them out loud. Look up any new words in a dictionary.

Conversation 1
A: Sandra! What are you looking for? B: I cant find Marias stapler. A: Look! It is on your desk. B: No, thats mine and its not working. Hers is A: B: A:

black and white. I can give you mine. I will not use it this afternoon. Oh, thanks a lot for giving me yours, Roxy. No problem.

5
1.

Activity
Answer the following questions.

Activity
Could Sandra find his stapler? 2. Who has another stapler? 3. Will Sandra give Marias stapler back?
1.

Answer the following questions. What is Sandra looking for? 2. What color is Marias stapler? 3. Who gives Sandra another stapler?

What for?
Possessive pronouns are used to refer to an owner without using his/ her name. These are commonly applied in everyday speech.

228 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1 Enrich your vocabulary


Are you looking for a job? What do you look for in a job? Salary, benefits, schedule, or good working conditions? A good way to find a job is by reading the newspapers, the classified section or ads. But be careful when reading because most ads use abbreviations to save space and money. Take a look at the abbreviations you may find in the classifieds. 1. FT- full time 4. benes. incl- benefits included 2. PT- part time 5. M-F -from Monday to Friday 3. exp.- experience

Hands on! 1D
Some of the final things to keep in mind when comparing jobs are advantages, disadvantages and possible movement within the company. Keep in mind that if you work with the same company for many years, you will be given the opportunities for salary increases and promotions.

Activity

Read the following ads and answer the questions. MECHANIC. Speed Auto Car has a FT mechanic position at its Constitution Boulevard location. Must be available to work on Saturdays. 1 year exp. required. Apply in person, ask for Ramon. Tel. 8889-7894 How many years of experience are required for this job? 2. Is this job full time or part time? 3. Does this job require working on weekends? 4. How can you apply for this job?
1. 9.

FT RECEPTIONIST. Needed at Mouth Dental Office. Good people skills a must. Bilingual is a plus. Schedule M-F, 7:00-4:00. Good pay and benes incl. Call at 4588-9854 or fax resume and cover letter to 4588-9855. Where is this job? 10. What job is this ad for? 11. Does this job offer benefits? 12. Is this job full time or part time? 13. How can you apply for this job?

CARPENTER. Master Carpentry in San Miguel is seeking a PT carpenter. 4 years of exp. or more is a plus. Responsible and hard working. Good pay and benes incl. Contact Miss Villanueva at 8752-6231 or come in and bring your resume. What city is this job located in? 6. Does this job require experience? 7. Does this job offer benefits? 8. How can you apply for this job?
5.

Glossary: Good people skills: able to work with many people.

Eighth Grade - English 229

UNIT 1 Language in use


Simple present tense verbs have a special form for the third person singular. Singular means one and plural means more than one. Person is used here to show who or what the action does and can have the following forms: 1st person singular: I 1st person plural: we 2nd person singular: you 3rd person singular: he, she, it 3rd person plural: they, you Study the following table. Pay attention to the spelling and pronunciation rules.
Verb sound ending Third person singular: he, she and it Examples: base third person singular

Activity

8
/iz/

Complete the following table of verbs with the correct third person singular forms.
Verbs work fix send copy quit watch pay look /s/ works /z/

-s, -x, -ch, -sh, -z

consonant + -y

1. pass - passes Add es /iz/ 2. tax - taxes 3. push pushes Change -y to 4. fly - flies -i then add -es 5. try - tries /iz/ 6. copy copies Only add -s 7. buy - buys 8. play - plays 9. cut - cuts 10. stop - stops 11 cook cooks 12. learn-learns 13. read-reads 14. come-comes

Activity

Write ten original sentences using verbs in the third person singular from the table above.

vowel + -y -c, -f, -h, -k, -p, -q, -t, some verbs end with silent -e -b, -d, -g, -j, -l, -m, -n, -r, -v, -y, -w some verbs end with silent -e

Dont forget!
When telling another person the duties of the workplace or daily routines, use the correct spelling of the verb forms.

Add -s /s/

Add -s /z/

Examples:
1. A car washer cleans and washes cars. 2. A secretary makes and answers phone calls. 3. A pilot flies planes. 4. A student reads books. 5. A pianist plays the piano.

230 English - Eighth Grade

UNIT 1

10

1.

Activity

Choose the letter that best answers each question. Where does a receptionist work? A. post office B. bakery C. office Where does a cashier work? A. school B. supermarket C. police station Where does a teacher work? A. school B. office C. meat market Where does a police chief work? A. bus station B. restaurant C. police station Where does a bell boy work? A. bakery B. hotel C. school
6.

Where does a manager work? A. police station B. park C. office Where does a pilot work? A. airplane B. train station C. restaurant

2.

7.

3.

4.

8. Where does a bus boy work? A. bus B. restaurant C. airplane 9.

Where does an actress work? A. cinema B. theater C. sports center

5.

10. Where does a waitress work? A. restaurant B. cinema

C. studio

11
1. 2.

Lesson core Activity


Conociste las divisiones o departamentos ms bsicos de una pequea o mediana empresa en ingls. Estudiaste algunas descripciones de las actividades ms comunes que realizan terceras personas dentro de sus lugares de trabajo. Adems, leste y practicaste como expresar las actividades de terceras personas en singular utilizando diversidad de verbos de acuerdo a la naturaleza de sus puestos de trabajo. Realizaste varias tareas de lectura acerca de ofertas de empleo y como escoger o buscar el trabajo que te gusta hacer. Finalmente, tuviste acceso a una serie de terminologa y preguntas relacionada al ambiente laboral.

Answer the following questions with your own information. What kind of work do you do? Can you use a word processor? 3. Can you use the internet? 4. Do you know how to send emails? 5. Do you like to meet people?

Eighth Grade - English 231

UNIT 1

Self evaluation

Choose the letter that best answers each question. Which of the following is a possessive pronoun? a) her b) your c) mine d) their

Which of the following are business personnel? a) teacher b) executive secretary c) carpenter d) manager

Which of the following is a business division? a) technician b) administration c) secretary d) janitor

Which of the following statements has a mistake? a) She send the emails. b) They work in an office. c) Are you the new secretary? d) What does she do exactly?

CHANGING JOBS
Other aspects to take into consideration when looking for a job include life insurance, paid vacation, and working hours. You should keep in mind that changing jobs is not an easy task, but it is not impossible. When looking for a job in the classifieds, you should be careful to read the requirements. Keep your resume updated at all times to be ready for any opportunity that arises. It is a good idea to compare potential or future job opportunities by drawing a job comparison chart to help you choose the best option for you.

232 English - Eighth Grade

Answers:

1. c

2. b

3.b

4. a

Answer Key
Lesson 1
Activity 1: Activity 2:
1. B 2. B 3. A Good morning. , How are you? , I am fine, thank you. 1. True 2. False 3. False 4. True 1. He is on business. 2. Leo is a computer engineer and Pam is a computer technician. 1. False 2. False 3. True 1. B 2. A 3. A 1. Formal 2. Informal 3. Informal Answers may vary. 1. She is at work. 2. Is your last name Gonzalez? 3. Are the documents on the desk? 4. You are not from La Union. 5. My phone number is 2555-5555. Answers may vary. Conversation 1: new, you, great. Conversation 2: are, am, now, meet, you, bye 1. How are you doing? 2. He doesnt work in an office. 3. We study at home. 4. They arent in the meeting room. 5. What is her name? 6. Where is she from? Answers may vary.

Activity 6:

Activity 3: Activity 4:

Activity 7: Activity 8: Activity 9:


Activity 10:

Activity 5: Activity 6: Activity 7: Activity 8: Activity 9:


Activity 11: Activity 12: Activity 13: Activity 14:


Activity 15:

1. My Hometown Souvenirs 2. Hes a general manager 3. handmade hammocks 4. Ilobasco Craft Company do, job, meet, manager, me, live, computer. Answers may vary. 1. She is a secretary. 2. He is the new supervisor. 1. She is an administrative assistant. 2. He is the vicepresident. 3. Answer may vary. Answers may vary. Answers may vary. 1. True 2. True 3. True 4. True 1. D 2. C 3. K 4.F 5. H 6. B 7. A 8. J 9. L 10. E 11. G 12. I Answers may vary.

Activity 10: Activity 11:


Lesson 3
Activity 1: Activity 2: Activity 3: Activity 4:
1. classical music 2. Rey Ruiz 3. No, he doesnt because he cannot stand him. Answers may vary. Answers may vary. 1. She works in a bank. 2. No, she likes working there. 3. reading, studying English, painting and listening to music 4. going to the movies and exercising 5. karate and swimming 1. He lives in La Libertad. 2. English 3. shopping 4. team sports 5. No, he hates it. 6. Yes, she likes dancing. 1. No, he doesnt. 2. No, he is not. 3. science fiction 4. Yes, theyre fun to watch. 1. A 2. A 3. B 4. A Answers may vary. Answers may vary.

Activity 12:

Activity 13:

Lesson 2
Activity 1: Activity 2: Activity 3: Activity 4: Activity 5:
1. B 2. A 3. B Conversations 1 and 3 Answers may vary. 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. C 5. C Answers may vary.

Activity 5: Activity 6: Activity 7: Activity 8: Activity 9:


Eighth Grade - English 233

Answer Key
Activity 10: Activity 11:
Answers may vary. 1. Rosa uses it every morning. 2. Gabbys cousin likes them. 3. The carpenter works with them. 4. Mary dislikes them. 5. Gabriela calls him every night. 6. The teacher gives it to them every Friday 7. Do you go the movies with her? 8. Brian is crazy about it. 1.DL 2. L 3. DL 4. DL 5. L 6. L Answers may vary. Answers may vary.

Activity 12: Activity 13:

Answers may vary. Answers may vary.

Lesson 5
Activity 1: Activity 2:
1. B 2. A 1. works 2. designs 3. helps 4. makes 5. prepares 6. cleans/tidies 7. works, etc. 1.B 2. C 3. B 4. C 5. C 1. True 2. False 3. False 4. False 5. False 1. Marias stapler 2. black and white 3. Roxy 1. No, he couldnt. 2. Roxy 3. yes 1. one 2. full time 3. yes 4. apply in person 5. San Miguel 6. yes 7. yes 8. contact Miss Villanueva (by phone) 9. in a dental office 10. a receptionist 11. yes 12.full time 13. call or send a fax /s/ works, quits, looks. /z/ sends, pays. /iz/ fixes, copies, watches. Answers may vary. 1. C 2. B 3. A 4. C 5. B 6. C 7. A 8. B 9. B. 10. A Answers may vary.

Activity 12: Activity 13: Activity 14:

Activity 3: Activity 4: Activity 5:


Lesson 4
Activity 1:
1. Hes a salesperson. 2. Hes a clerk. 3. He works in an electronics shop. 4. He lives in San Salvador. 1. False 2. False 3. True 4. False 5. False 6. True 1. Hes a customer service representative. 2. He works in at telecommunication company. 3. Yes, he does. 1.B 2. B 3.A 1. bartender 2. at World Disco 3. Yes, he does. 1. more beautiful, bigger, colder, more dangerous, more intelligent 2. darker, more entertaining, hotter, older 3. larger, lighter, longer, smaller, uglier 4. prettier, richer, shorter, stronger 1. B 2. C. 3. B 4. B 5. B 6. B 7. C 1. B 2. A 3. B 4. C 5. C Answers may vary. 1. faster 2. more powerful 3. larger 4. more compact 5. more expensive 6. smaller 7. uglier Answers may vary.

Activity 6: Activity 7:

Activity 2: Activity 3:

Activity 8:

Activity 9: Activity 10:


Activity 4: Activity 5:

Activity 11:

Activity 6:

Activity 7: Activity 8: Activity 9: Activity 10: Activity 11:


234 English - Eighth Grade

Hands on!
Job offer comparison chart
Purpose
This project will help you to compare two job offers in order to decide the best job for you. To compare two job offers, you should have an idea of what you want in a job. For this, you should look at all of the jobs youve had in the past. Throughout the unit youve kept track of the different aspects contained in each of your previous jobs. Now put them together and decide what you should look for in a future job.

Theory and practice


The different phases of the unit 1 project (from Hands on! 1A to Hands on! 1E) asked you to gather information about jobs you have had in the past. With this information, you will be able to compare two different job offers. With the different project phases, you should have kept track of key elements or concepts to have a picture of how a Job offer comparison chart could be drawn.

Development
You should have noticed that by answering different activities, you were obtaining the basic information related to jobs needed in order to fill out the Job offer comparison chart. Review the activities which pertain to the project. These activities provided you with a good background to be able to complete the project efficiently.

Wrap up
You can include more aspects, areas or other kinds of information in your own chart. Ask other people what they consider important when choosing a job. Below is a sample of the chart. Fill in as much information as you know about the two jobs, and then look at the table and compare them. Ask yourself, Which job is right for me?
Options Starting date Estimated salary Job title Work hours Advantages Disadvantages Health insurance Facilities / Resources Vacation Pension Plan Medical Plan Discounts / Deductions Transportation Salary increase Job Offer Comparison Chart First offer Second offer

Eighth Grade - English 235

Resources
For the use of a bilingual dictionary:
http://dictionary.reverso.net/english-spanish/

For more about greetings:


http://www.elearnenglishlanguage.com/ingles/vocabulario/saludos.html

For more practice with greetings and introductions:


http://www.english-at-home.com/speaking/english-greetings/

For practicing jobs and their spellings:


http://www.enchantedlearning.com/dictionarysubjects/people.shtml

For practicing likes and dislikes:


http://www.quizcat.com/survey/64.html http://iteslj.org/questions/likes.html

For comparing jobs:


http://www.quintcareers.com/job_offer_comparison.htm

For more about the top positions in a business:


http://www.extension.iastate.edu/agdm/wholefarm/html/c5-111.html

For more information contained in the Language in use sections of each lesson, take a look at the following English grammar books:
Basic Grammar Use by Cambridge University Press Fundamentals of English Grammar by Longman

236 English - Eighth Grade