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Bulletin: PP 301

PE 3408 HDPE Piping Products for Natural Gas Distribution LPG and Propane Gas Distribution Yard Gas

On July 1. Tubing. and saddle fusion fittings.www. It is not intended to be used as installation instructions. A Division of Phillips Petroleum Company NOTICE . Both incoming materials and outgoing products are evaluated to ensure that all Performance Pipe products meet our own exacting standards as well as applicable industry standards and governmental standards and regulations. Contact Performance Pipe to determine if you have the most current edition. tubing and fittings are manufactured in accordance with the latest published editions of ASTM D 2513. This publication may be changed from time to time without DRISCOPLEX™ 6800 PE 3408 HDPE Piping for Piping Products for Natural Gas Distribution LPG and Propane Gas Distribution Yard Gas Performance Pipe PERFORMANCE PIPE is the functional successor to the operations of Plexco1 and Driscopipe2. particularly with respect to special or unusual applications. A Commitment to Quality and Performance DRISCOPLEX™ 6800 Piping . Performance Pipe manufactures 1/2" through 24" (16 mm through 600 mm) outside diameter controlled polyethylene pipe and tubing. and new products and product improvements are thoroughly tested before release. a division of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP.Plexco. and Fittings or applicable international standards. It does not constitute a guarantee or warranty for piping installations. Chevron Chemical Company and Phillips Chemical Company were joined to form Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP. Bulletin: PP 301 Page 1 of 12 June 2001 Supercedes all previous publications © 2001 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP . Performance Pipe offers more than thirty years of polyethylene pipe manufacturing experience. and two manufacturing facilities in Mexico. mining.performancepipe. A complete quality assurance program assures continuing product quality. industrial. 1 2 Formerly . municipal. succeeds Plexco and Driscopipe as North America's largest producer of polyethylene piping products for gas.the Successor to 6800 and PLEXSTRIPE® II Performance Pipe™ DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 gas piping products succeed 6800 and PLEXSTRIPE® II as the product of choice for standard high-density polyethylene gas piping systems. 2000. and utility applications. Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Gas Pressure Pipe.This publication is intended for use as a guide to support the designer of piping systems. a Division of Chevron Chemical Company Formerly . and should not be used in place of the advice of a professional engineer. thirteen manufacturing facilities certified to ISO 9001 in nine states. oilfield. Research and Testing Performance Pipe maintains ongoing testing and product improvement programs to ensure the highest quality polyethylene pipe and fittings. molded butt. socket. DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 gas pipe.Phillips Driscopipe. and fabricated fittings for domestic and international gas applications. but it may not provide all necessary information. Performance Pipe. The unmatched quality and performance of Performance Pipe polyethylene piping products is enhanced and strengthened with over four decades of quality polyolefin plastic resin production from Chevron Phillips Chemical Company. Performance Pipe has made every reasonable effort to ensure the accuracy of this publication.

making a connection. purging. and testing and operating Training and Technical Service Performance Pipe offers recommendations and technical assistance for DriscoPlex™ 6800 gas pipe and fittings. Contact your Performance Pipe Sales Representative or Performance Pipe Distributor for information and assistance. contractor. especially during squeeze-off. when repairing a leak. Where a flammable gas atmosphere and static electric charges may be present. significant weight may be involved. polyethylene piping is no different. but it is not immune to damage. Polyethylene piping should be Bulletin: PP 301 Page 2 of 12 June 2001 Supercedes all previous publications © 2001 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP . Observe the handling instructions provided by the delivery driver. Caution should be taken to prevent burns. etc. Care should be exercised when handling and working around polyethylene pipe. etc. Polyethylene piping is a tough. In this respect. Cautions Polyethylene piping has been safely used in thousands of applications. The pipe may spring out and cause injury or damage. Below are some of the precautions that should be observed when using DriscoPlex™ 6800 piping.www. training materials. product design to meet gas system requirements. Fusion During the heat fusion process the equipment and products can reach temperatures in excess of 450°F (231°C). there are general precautions that should be observed when using any product. APWA/ULCC Color Code Performance Pipe DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 gas pipe is manufactured with yellow stripes extruded into the pipe outside surface as permanent. utility. Joining procedures. However. as well as technical assistance in product capabilities. robust material. and on-location training in socket. Static Electricity High static electric charges can develop on polyethylene piping products. Do not bend pipes into alignment against open butt fusion machine clamps. saddle and butt fusion joining are available. highly visible identification of gas service and in compliance with APWA/ULCC standards for color-coding of gas distribution lines. Weight. Improper handling or abuse can damage piping and compromise system quality or performance or cause injury or damage. Outdoor Storage DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 gas pipe may be stored outdoors and unprotected for extended time periods. installation recommendations. Unloading and Handling Although polyethylene pipe is not as heavy as some other piping products.performancepipe.) safety procedures for controlling and discharging static electricity and all requirements for personal protection. observe all Company (pipeline operator.

and the relative effect on different polyethylene pipe resins is essentially the same. Observe all safety measures. test pressure. Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping.www. striking the pipe with an instrument such as a hammer may result in uncontrolled rebound. and where pipes enter or exit casings or walls. fuel gas distribution systems should be tested in accordance with applicable codes and regulations and distribution system operator procedures. Lift truck forks should be padded. compacted backfill to protect the polyethylene pipe against shear and bending loads. Protection Against Shear and Bending Loads Measures such as properly placed. Properly placed. Take all necessary safety precautions and use appropriate equipment. While polyethylene piping has excellent impact resistance. Store piping so that the potential for mechanical damage is minimized.Once polyethylene pipe has been permeated with liquid hydrocarbons. Use fabric slings. and observe limitations of temperature. See the Performance Pipe Engineering Manual for additional information on handling and storage. heat fusion or electrofusion joining is not recommended because liquid hydrocarbons can leach out during heating and contaminate the joint.performancepipe. Liquid hydrocarbon permeated polyethylene pipe should be joined using suitable mechanical connection methods. Liquid Hydrocarbon Permeation When present.) have a similar effect. CAUTION . or where soil surrounding the pipe is contaminated with liquid hydrocarbons. All types of liquid hydrocarbons (aromatic. Cutting or breaking straps can result in uncontrolled release. compacted backfill. see the Performance Pipe Engineering Manual and ASTM D 2774. Connections should be protected where an underground polyethylene branch or service pipe is joined to a branch fitting such as a service saddle. the area surrounding the connection must be embedded in properly placed. etc. Testing When testing is required. test duration. restrain pipe against movement in the event of catastrophic failure. Bulletin: PP 301 Page 3 of 10 June 2001 Supercedes all previous publications © 2001 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP . or when liquid hydrocarbon condensates form in gas pipelines. Do not roll or drop pipe off the truck. compacted backfill and a protective sleeve or a structural support are generally used moved with proper handling and lifting equipment. paraffinic. but whether or not a protective sleeve or a structural support is installed. For additional information about protecting against shear and bending loads at service or branch connections and where PE pipe penetrates a structure or enters or exits a casing. Do not use chains or wire ropes. liquid hydrocarbons may permeate (solvate) polyethylene pipe. Heat fusion joining to liquid hydrocarbon permeated pipes may result in a low strength joint. and making repairs. Coils Coiled PE pipe is restrained with straps to contain spring-like energy within the coil. Liquid hydrocarbon permeation may occur when liquid hydrocarbons are present in the pipe. Observe the handling instructions provided by the delivery driver. See the Performance Pipe Technical Note PP 802-TN Leak Testing PE Piping Systems. branch saddle or tapping tee on a main pipe. or drag piping over sharp rocks or other abrasive objects. protective sleeves and structural support are necessary to protect plastic pipe against shear and bending loads.

T.285(a)). Bulletin: PP 301 Page 4 of 10 June 2001 Supercedes all previous publications © 2001 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP . or pockmarked surface when a fusion heating iron is removed from the pipe surface. §192. Regulations require that all persons who make joints in polyethylene gas piping must be qualified under the operator's written procedures (CFR 49. D. and may be indicated by discoloration or by a hydrocarbon fuel odor. Mechanical fittings must be installed in accordance with the fitting manufacturer's instructions.S. Locating Most polyethylene materials are not detectable with standard magnetic locating equipment. Gas utilities in the area should always be contacted before the start of any underground installation work such as excavation. & §192. the signs should indicate that the pipeline is polyethylene to alert locating personnel that the pipeline may not be detectable with standard locating equipment.T. and joining by hot air (gas) welding or extrusion-welding are not recommended for pressure service. To aid in the detection of underground PE piping. Obtain these instructions from the fitting manufacturer.T. acoustic pipe tracing. For repeated flow control. Contact your Performance Pipe Sales Representative or Distributor for a copy. Joining D. directional boring. saddle fusion.273(b)). Regulations require that the gas system operator must ensure that all persons who make or inspect joints are qualified (CFR 49. measures such as tracer wires. D. etc. §192. §192. bubbly. Part 192. trenching.285(d) & §192. When installing PE piping. install a valve or an appropriate flow control device. Part 192. and socket fusion joining of polyethylene gas piping must be qualified before use by subjecting specimen joints to required test procedures (CFR 49.performancepipe. the method or methods for future pipeline detection should be considered. Department of Transportation Regulations. Where posted signs are used. Performance Pipe recommends using Performance Pipe Fusion Joining Procedures when making heat fusion joints with DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 pipe and fittings. identification and detection tapes.O. Pipe-thread joining. sandpaper-like. Regulations require that each joint in a gas piping system must be made in accordance with written procedures that have been proved by test or experience to produce strong gastight joints (49 CFR.T. Regulations require that written procedures for butt Liquid hydrocarbon contamination is indicated by a rough. electronic marker systems. Part 192. line markers. Part 192. Performance Pipe fusion joining procedures are qualified in accordance with U. throttling.O.www. Performance Pipe™ polyethylene piping products cannot be joined with adhesives or solvent cement. or partial flow restriction.O.283(a)). Squeeze-off is used for routine and emergency situations.287). but do not squeeze-off more than once at the same point on the pipe. See the Performance Pipe Engineering Manual for additional information on permeation and chemical resistance. When used to join Performance Pipe™ polyethylene gas pipe and fittings. and "call before you dig" line location may be used.O. D. Squeeze-off (pinch-off) is used to control flow in PE pipe by flattening the pipe between parallel bars. Squeeze-Off See above Cautions on Static Electricity.

ESCR tests are incapable of indicating long-term resistance to SCG. Predominant among these new tests is ASTM F 1473. environmental stress crack resistance (ESCR) tests such as ASTM D 1693 have been used to characterize resistance to cracking from long-term stress. Developed at the University of Pennsylvania. But exceptional materials such as Performance Pipe™ PE 3408 rarely fail ESCR tests. Correct tool closure stops and closing and opening rates are key elements to squeezing-off without damaging the Complete flow stoppage will not occur in all cases. For many years. Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials. The cell classification number for DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 piping material is 345464C. tool and squeeze-off procedure should be qualified in accordance with ASTM F 1734. particularly at higher pressures. In recent years. Performance Characteristics Polyethylene Material Properties DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 pipe and fittings are manufactured from PE 3408 high-density polyethylene compound that is classified according to ASTM D 3350. If seepage is not permissible. Resistance to slow crack growth (SCG) is a critical performance requirement because long-term stress can cause cracks to grow slowly through the material. See Performance Pipe Technical Note PP 801-TN Squeeze-Off. Polyethylene gas pipe is under long-term stress from internal pressure and earthloading. and 800 psi at 140°F (5. For larger pipes. It is necessary to close slowly and release slowly. Thus gas distribution service requires materials that have superior long-term resistance to stress cracking and slow crack growth.performancepipe. The combination of pipe. Use squeeze-off procedures meeting ASTM F 1041 and tools meeting ASTM F 1563 with Performance Pipe™ polyethylene pipe. For these superior materials. the "PENT" test (for PEnnsylvania Notch Tensile test).www. new SCG tests have been developed. Elevated temperature properties can be used to determine product capabilities for applications where products will be exposed to elevated temperatures.03 MPa at 23°C). DriscoPlex™ PE 3408 polyethylene compounds are listed with the Plastics Pipe Institute (PPI) and have PPI recommended Hydrostatic Design Basis (HDB) ratings of 1600 psi at 73°F (11. Research has shown that this stringent test is an excellent indicator of SCG performance. a razornotched specimen is tested to failure under constant tensile load and elevated temperature.52 MPa at 23°C). with slow release being more important. and further. Tool closure stops must be correct for the pipe size and wall thickness (SDR). the pipe should be vented in-between two squeeze-offs. that there may be an Bulletin: PP 301 Page 5 of 10 June 2001 Supercedes all previous publications © 2001 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP . some seepage is likely.

but this chart may not provide all necessary information. ASTM Test Values The chart shows material physical empirical correlation between PENT performance and long-term service. Hydrogen is the exception.000 >100 1600 black with 2-3% carbon black NOTICE – This chart provides typical physical property information for polyethylene resins used to manufacture Performance Pipe polyethylene piping products. liquid hydrocarbon permeation may cause some swelling. Performance Pipe has made every reasonable effort to ensure the accuracy of this chart. however. Permeability and Permeation Plastics are permeable to gases to varying degrees. therefore. (Note . one mile of SDR 11 PE 3408 pipe carrying 100% methane at 60 psi would lose less than 0.Per ASTM D 748. gm/10 min Flexural Modulus. It is intended for comparing polyethylene piping resins. ASTM test methods for the property.2 x10-3.000 <−180 (<−118) 3200 >10. Plastic Pipe Manual for Gas Service lists the permeability of PE 3408 polyethylene pipe to methane. the volume of gas lost through permeation is generally so low as to have an insignificant effect on the handling of natural gas in a piping system. the brittleness temperature is less than -180°F (-118°C). Standard Test Method to Measure the Resistance to Slow Crack Growth of Polyethylene Pipes and Resins. or where soil surrounding the pipe is contaminated with liquid hydrocarbons.G. These typical physical property values were determined using compression-molded plaques prepared from resin. as 4. ASTM D 2513 requires that PE materials average at least 100 hours before failure when tested per ASTM F 1473.955 (black) 0. hours Hydrostatic Design Basis at 73° F (23°C). At higher temperatures. It is not a product specification. and nominal values for DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 polyethylene piping material. particularly with respect to special or unusual applications. used at operating temperatures down to or below -40°F (-40°C)). gm/cm3 Melt Index. Liquid hydrocarbon permeation should be considered when the fluid in the pipe has a liquid hydrocarbon concentration. Bulletin: PP 301 Page 6 of 10 June 2001 Supercedes all previous publications © 2001 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP .www. therefore pressure rating may be reduced. and it does not establish minimum or maximum values or manufacturing tolerances for resins or for piping products. Under ASTM F 1473.performancepipe. Other constituents of natural gas are typically heavier than methane. °F (°C) Tensile Strength at Yield. typical performance for DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 piping material is greater than 100 hours before failure.1 >133. the concentration of hydrogen in most natural gas is so low that the actual amount of hydrogen permeation would be insignificant. psi Color & UV Stabilizer 3 ASTM Test Method D 1505 D 1238 D 790 D 748 D 638 D 1693 F 1473 D 2837 D 3350 Nominal Values for Performance Pipe PE 3408 Materials 0. The A. DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 pipe and fittings may be Resin Material Property Density. Values obtained from tests of specimens taken from piping products can vary from these typical values. psi Brittleness Temperature. the primary constituent of natural gas. psi ESCR. thus less permeable through polyethylene. Although the constituents of natural gas can permeate through polyethylene. Using the AGA factor. Liquid hydrocarbons will permeate (solvate) polyethylene pipe after several months' exposure. F20 hours PENT.27 ft3 per day. Liquid hydrocarbon permeated polyethylene may have slightly reduced long-term strength.

performancepipe. §192. At low temperatures and higher pressures. etc.40 0. psi (MPa) 1600 (11. psi.32 0. Design Pressure The following formula is used to compute the Design Pressures for PE 3408 polyethylene piping systems for natural gas service at 2S P= × f operating temperatures up to but not over (R − 1) 140°F (60°C). Application Gas distribution and transmission per CFR 49 Part 192. f 0. where P = D e s i g n DR = Pipe Nominal Outside Diameter Pipe Minimum Wall Thickness Pressure in pounds per square inch gauge (psig). heavier hydrocarbon gases such as propane or butane may condense and liquefy in the pipe.) have a similar effect. † LTHS interpolated in accordance with PPI TN-18. S = Long Term Hydrostatic Strength (or Hydrostatic Design Basis). S Temperature 73°F (23°C) 100°F (38°C) 120°F (49°C) 140°F (60°C) S. and the relative effect on different polyethylene pipe resins is essentially the same. For operating temperatures below 73°F (23°C).com or where liquid hydrocarbon condensates can form in gas pipelines.121 Gas distribution and transmission in Canada per CSA Z662-96 Gas distribution or transmission piping that is permeated by solvating chemicals such as liquid hydrocarbons or liquefied gas condensate Design (service) Factor.03)‡ 1255 (8.25 Bulletin: PP 301 Page 7 of 10 June 2001 Supercedes all previous publications © 2001 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP . at pipeline operating temperature. use Design Pressures at 73°F (23°C). See above Cautions on Liquid Hydrocarbon Permeation. Hydrostatic Design Basis or Long Term Hydrostatic Strength.03)† 800 (5.52)‡ ‡ HDB per ASTM D 2837 & PPI TR-3.www.64)† 1020 (7. paraffinic. Liquid hydrocarbon permeation will affect joining. All types of hydrocarbons (aromatic. Such condensates are known to permeate polyethylene pipe.

32‡) DR Number PE 3408 Pipe 7. and 4 locations per U. 2. U.D. Pipe minimum wall thickness is determined by dividing the DR 9 or less > 9 to 13.40 design factor (Canada only).performancepipe. Pressure ratings are calculated in accordance with applicable federal codes.5 MAOP (Max Design PR) at Operating Temperatures. Federal regulations limit gas pressures in plastic pipe to 100 psig maximum unless a waiver for higher pressure has been granted.) by the DR number. multiply by 0. Cold Bending Radius The allowable cold bending radius for DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 pipe is dependent upon the pipe OD.3 11.S.5 Fitting or flange present in bend Allowable Cold Bending Radius 20 times pipe OD 25 times pipe OD 100 times pipe OD pipe average outside diameter (O. 3.0 9.3 9. Bulletin: PP 301 Page 8 of 10 June 2001 Supercedes all previous publications © 2001 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP . for pressure ratings at 0.www. multiply by 1. Fluid Flow Formulas for high pressure and low pressure gas flow in polyethylene pipe are presented in the Performance Pipe Engineering Manual. federal regulations — Design (Service) Factor 0. DR and the presence of fittings in the bend.S.78.0 13. f = Design (Service) Factor Operating Pressures (psig) The following chart provides maximum allowable operating pressures (MAOP) and recommended MAOP & Maximum Design Pressure Rating (PR) for Dry Natural Gas Service –DRISCOPLEX 6800 PE 3408 (Class 1. maximum design pressure ratings (PR) for PE 3408 pipes for gas distribution service at the indicated operating temperatures. † Where the pipe can be rated at 100 psig or higher. A check should be made to determine if these pressures apply under the state and/or local codes governing the specific application.25.0 7. PE 3408 pipes with the same DR but different outside diameters have the same Design (Working) Pressure R = Dimension Ratio (DR).25 design factor. psig 73°F (23°C) 100† (171) 100† (163) 100† (128) 100 (123) 100 (102) 82 (82) 100°F (38°C) 100† (134) 100† (127) 100† (100) 97 (97) 80 (80) 64 (64) 120°F (48°C) 100† (109) 100† (104) 82 (82) 79 (79) 65 (65) 52 (52) 140°F (60°C) 85 (85) 81 (81) 64 (64) 62 (62) 51 (51) 41 (41) ™ ‡ For pressure ratings at 0. Use 73°F (23°C) pressure ratings for operating temperatures below 73°F (23°C).

tubing and fittings should be only those specific types designated as PE 2406 or PE 3408 and meeting the appropriate requirements of ASTM D 2513. In cases where condensation does occur in a propane system or propane enriched system and the presence of condensation is of relatively short duration. Under actual operating conditions. states. there is no loss of physical integrity or observable change in polyethylene pipe. the pressures and temperatures are such that revaporization of any propane condensates will occur quickly. The Plastics Pipe Institute has made the following "Use Recommendation" for polyethylene piping systems for commercial propane systems: PPI Use Recommendation (Technical Report TR-22) The information collected indicates that polyethylene plastic piping is satisfactory for transporting LPG and its major component. Bulletin: PP 301 Page 10 of 10 June 2001 Supercedes all previous publications © 2001 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP . Performance Pipe™ DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 polyethylene gas pipe and fittings may be used in propane gas service when used in accordance with the above recommendations. see PPI Technical Report TR-22. It is also recommended that operating pressures be limited to 30 psig or less. Therefore. Polyethylene should be used only in underground propane gas distribution systems designed to operate at internal pressures and temperatures such that condensation will not occur. See Liquid Hydrocarbon Permeation and Permeability and Permeation earlier in this publication. The polyethylene plastic pipe. However. and the Performance Pipe Engineering Manual for additional information. 1.performancepipe. Exposure to liquefied propane condensates for extended periods may affect joining. 2. Also. For additional information. 73-4." DriscoPlex™ 6800 PE 3408 piping products meet the requirements of ANSI/NFPA 58 Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases. in a properly designed system. The long-term hydrostatic strength measurements should be made in accordance with ASTM D 2837. A Hydrostatic Design Basis of 1000 psi should be used in the design of polyethylene pipe systems for propane gas distribution at pipe temperatures of 73°F or lower. until more information is available. "It is the operator's responsibility to assure the integrity of the plastic pipe selected for use in the piping system. propane gas. these use recommendations cover only commercial propane vapor in Propane (LPG) Gas Service The Office of Pipeline Safety Advisory Bulletin No. the Federal minimum safety standards do permit the use of plastic in a properly engineered underground system of LPG distribution conforming to the limitations of these regulations.www. dated April 1973. This information also indicates that pressure design parameters based on propane gas should be adequate and reasonable. experience with propane liquids on polyethylene shows that there is no cumulative effect of intermittent short duration exposure of propane condensate on polyethylene. 3. and this should be based on a favorable recommendation from the manufacturer.

com NOTES: Bulletin: PP 301 Page 11 of 10 June 2001 Supercedes all previous publications © 2001 Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP .performancepipe.www.

performancepipe. Visit Performance Pipe on the web for the latest completed literature.CONTACT INFORMATION: PERFORMANCE PIPE.Flat Ring Gasket Tapping Tee & Purge Point Cap Tightening .DRISCOPLEX™ 6500 Series Piping Brochure DRISCOPIPE 8100® Series Polyethylene Piping Brochure Yellowstripe® 8300 Series Polyethylene Piping Brochure Model Specifications for DRISCOPLEX™ 6500 Series Piping Systems Model Specifications for DRISCOPLEX™ 6800 Series Piping Systems Model Specifications for DRISCOPIPE 8100® Series Piping Systems Model Specifications for Yellowstripe® 8300 Series Piping Systems Squeeze-Off Leak Testing Large Diameter Coiled Pipe Tapping Tee & Purge Point Cap Tightening .com PERFORMANCE PIPE Product Literature Technical Notes & Bulletins*: Bulletin: PP 300 Bulletin: PP 302 Bulletin: PP 303 Bulletin: PP 304 Bulletin: PP 305 Bulletin: PP 306 Bulletin: PP 307 PP 801-TN PP 802-TN PP 807-TN PP 808A-TN PP 808B-TN PP 809-TN * PE 2406 MDPE Pipe & Tubing .O-Ring Protective Sleeves and Tapping the Main Additional product literature will be available upon completion. a division of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP PO Box 269006 Plano. . TX 75026-9006 To secure product information or technical assistance: Phone: 800-527-0662 Fax: 972-599-7348 www.