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GREGG DRILLING AND TESTING, INC. and GREGG IN SITU, INC.

ENVIRONMENTAL AND GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION SERVICES

UNIFIED SOIL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
GROUP SYMBOLS
3 (Clean Gravels Little or no fines) GW GP GM

MAJOR DIVISIONS
1 Gravels More than half of coarse fraction is larger than No. 4 sieve size. 2 (For visual classification, the ¼-in. size may be used as equivalent to the No. 4 sieve)

TYPICAL NAMES
4 Well-graded gravels, gravel-sand mixtures, little or no fines Poorly graded gravels or gravel-sand mixtures, little or no fines Silty gravels, gravel-sand-silt mixtures

FIELD INDENTIFICATION PROCEDURES (excluding particles larger than 3 inches and basing fractions on estimated weights)
5 Wide range in grain sizes and substantial amounts of all intermediate particle sizes Predominatly one size or a range of sizes with some intermediate sizes missing Nonplastic fines or fines with low plasticity (for identification procedures see ML below) Plastic fines (for identification see CL below) Wide range in grain sizes and substantial amounts of all intermediate sizes missing Predominantly one size or a range of sizes with some intermediate sizes missing Nonplastic fines or fines with low plasticity (for identification Plastic fines (for identification procedures see CL below) Identification Procedures on Fraction smaller than No. 40 Sieve Size Dry Strength Dilatancy Toughness (Crushing (Reaction to (Consistency Characteristics) Shaking) near PL)

INFORMATION REQUIRED FOR DESCRIBING SOILS
6 For undisturbed soils add information on stratification, degree of compactness, cementation, moisture conditions, and drainage characteristics. Give typical name: Indicate approximate percentage of sand and gravel, maximum size, angularity, surface condition, and hardness of the coarse grains; local or geologic name and other pertinent descriptive information, and symbol in parentheses. Example: Silty sand gravelly; about 20% hard, angular gravel particles 1/2in. maximum size; rounded and subangular sand grains, coarse to fine; about 15% non plastic fines with low dry strength; well compacted and moist in place; alluvial sand (SM).

Fine-grained Soils Coarse-grained Soils More than half of material is smaller than More than half of material is larger than No. 200 sieve size. No. 200 sieve size. The No. 200 sieve size is about the smallest particle visible to the naked eye.

(Gravels with Fines Appreciable amount of fines)

GC

Clayey gravels, gravel-sand-clay mixtures Well-graded sands, gravelly sands, little or no fines Poorly graded sands or gravelly sands, little or no fines Silty sands, sand-silt mixtures

Sands More than half of coarse fraction is smaller than No. 4 sieve size

Clean Sands (Little or no fines)

SW SP SM

Sands with Fines (Appreciable amount of fines)

SC

Clayey sands, sand-clay mixtures

Silts and Clays

ML CL OL MH CH OH Pt

Liquid limit is greater than 50.

Soils and Clays

Inorganic silts and very fine sands, rock flour, silty or clayey fine sands or clayey silts with slight plasticity Inorganic clays of low to medium plasticity, gravelly clays, sandy clays, silty clays, lean clays Organic silts and organic silty clays of low plasticity Inorganic silts, micaceous or diatomaceous fine sandy or silty soils, elastic silts Inorganic clays of high plasticity, fat clays Organic clays and silts of medium to high plasticity Peat and other highly organic soils

Liquid limit is less than 50.

None to slight Medium to high Slight to medium Slight to medium High to very high Medium to high

Quick to slow None to very slow Slow Slow to none None None to very slow

None Medium Slight Slight to medium High

For undisturbed soils add information on structure, stratification, consistency in undisturbed and remolded states, moisture and drainage conditions. Give typical name, indicate degree and character or plasticity, amount and maximum size of coarse grains, color in wet conditions, odor (if any), local or geologic name, and other pertinent descriptive information, and symbol in parentheses. Example: Clayey silt, brown; slightly plastic; small percentage of fine sand; numerous vertical root holes; firm and dry and place; loess (ML).

Highly Organic Soils

Slight to medium Readily identified by color, odor, spongy feel and frequently by fibrous texture