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Present Perfect / Past Perfect Present Perfect Continuous / Past Perfect Continuous

Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. 1. It is already 9:30 PM and I (wait) next five minutes, I am going to leave. here for over an hour. If John does not get here in the

2. I was really angry at John yesterday. By the time he finally arrived, I (wait) hour. I almost left without him. 3. Did you hear that Ben was fired last month? He (work) than ten years and he (work) did.

for over an

for that import company for more

in almost every department. Nobody knew the company like he

4. I (see) many pictures of the pyramids before I went to Egypt. Pictures of the monuments are very misleading. The pyramids are actually quite small. 5. Sarah (climb) the Matterhorn, (sail) on safari in Kenya. She is such an adventurous person. 6. Sarah (climb) the Matterhorn, (sail) around the world, and (go)

around the world and (go) more by that age than

on safari in Kenya by the time she turned twenty-five. She (experience) most people do in their entire lives.

7. When Melanie came into the office yesterday, her eyes were red and watery. I think she (cry)

Present Continuous / Simple Past Present Perfect Continuous / Past Perfect Continuous
Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. My English is really getting better. I (try) to learn the language since 1985, but only recently have I been able to make some real progress. By the time I started high school in 1988, I (study) the language for almost three years; however, I was only able to introduce myself and utter a few memorized sentences. For a couple more years, I (struggle) through grammar and vocabulary lessons, which made absolutely no difference. Nothing worked, so I decided to study abroad. I found an exchange program in England that sounded like the perfect answer. I (stay) with a

host family for one month. It was a huge disappointment! I (sit) there the whole time staring at the host mother and father hoping that there would be some breakthrough. Nothing. When I returned, I mentioned to a friend that I (have) problems with the language for years. He recommended that I spend a year in an English speaking country. I decided to go abroad again. I

This delicious chocolate (be) made by a small chocolatier in Zurich. currently) publisher when he is finished.S. French at a 2. I (go) 9. I here for at least another year before I return home. Don't forget to take your umbrella. It (rain) 5. for more than two years. Switzerland. complete the text below with the appropriate tenses. 3. printed by a company in New York. I hate living in Seattle because it (rain. normally ) to a movie tonight with some friends. I (work) as a secretary at ABT. I hope he can find a good 8. I can't. 10. That is why I am in Paris. Justin (write. a book about his adventures in Tibet. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep) 4. 1. The business cards (be. yet the quality of their work is quite good. I should be completely Simple Present / Present Continuous Using the words in parentheses. By then. Sally (drive) her kids to football practice. exchange programs for a couple of weeks and finally decided on a school in the and (study) in the U. Their prices (be) inexpensive. I'm sorry I can't hear what you (say) 7. Usually. then click the "Check" button to check your answers. because everybody (talk) so loudly. it worked. I'm sorry. . always) 6. . . . but this summer I (study) language school in Paris. I (live) (stay) fluent. Jim: Do you want to come over for dinner tonight? Denise: Oh. Every Monday.(research) United States. Well.

Rule 6 As a general rule. Rule 5 When a singular and plural subject are connected by either/or or neither/nor. Rule 4 When a singular subject is connected by or or nor to a plural subject. Example: The serving bowl or the plates go on that shelf. Example: Neither Jenny nor the others are available. Example: A car and a bike are my means of transportation. besides. as well as. put it second and follow it with the singular verb am. Rule 3 When I is one of the two subjects connected by either/or or neither/nor. put the plural subject last and use a plural verb. Examples: Neither Juan nor Carmen is available. put the plural subject last and use a plural verb. . Example: My aunt or my uncle is arriving by train today. Example: Neither she nor I am going to the festival. or not. Either Kiana or Casey is helping today with stage decorations.Rule 1 Two singular subjects connected by or or nor require a singular verb. Rule 7 Sometimes the subject is separated from the verb by words such as along with. use a plural verb with two or more subjects when they are connected by and. Rule 2 Two singular subjects connected by either/or or neither/nor require a singular verb as in Rule 1. Ignore these expressions when determining whether to use a singular or plural verb.

is expected shortly. fraction. Pies is the object of the preposition. A number of people have written in about this subject. 664). NOTE: Apparently. is the cause of her shaking. anybody. . and somebody are singular and require singular verbs. Of all her books. Examples: The number of people we need to hire is thirteen. some. Do not be misled by what follows of. Every one is two words when the meaning is each one. remainder. Rule 10 The expression the number is followed by a singular verb while the expression a number is followed by a plural verb. None of the sentences were punctuated correctly. use a plural verb. NOTE: Hyphenate all spelled-out fractions. Examples: Each of the girls sings well. majority. the SAT testing service considers none as a singular word only. Rule 8 The pronouns each. use a singular verb. However. someone. Rule 9 With words that indicate portions—percent. None of the garbage was picked up. One-third of the city is unemployed. One-third of the people are unemployed. none. Fifty percent of the pies have disappeared. all. as well as nervousness. The notion that it is singular only is a myth of unknown origin that appears to have arisen in the 19th century. If the object of the preposition is singular. Some of the pie is missing. none have sold as well as the first one. if it seems like a plural. every one. and so forth —look at the noun in your of phrase (object of the preposition) to determine whether to use a singular or plural verb. If the object of the preposition is plural. anyone. Examples: Fifty percent of the pie has disappeared. All of the pies are gone. Pie is the object of the preposition of. along with the newsmen.Examples: The politician. If in context it seems like a singular to you. Excitement. everyone. Some of the pies are missing. part. use a plural verb. "Clearly none has been both singular and plural since Old English and still is. everybody. Every one of the cakes is gone. All of the pie is gone. NOTE: Everyone is one word when it means everybody. according to Merriam Webster's Dictionary of English Usage. Both are acceptable beyond serious criticism" (p. use a singular verb.

they always take singular verbs. Examples: There are four hurdles to jump. . that. Examples: Ten dollars is a high price to pay. Examples: Salma is the scientist who writes/write the reports. There is a high hurdle to jump. In sentences beginning with here or there. Examples: Neither of them is available to speak right now. The pronouns who. use the plural verb do. The staff are acting as separate individuals in this example. and which become singular or plural according to the noun directly in front of them. Rule 15 Collective nouns such as team and staff may be either singular or plural depending on their use in the sentence. The staff are in disagreement about the findings. Therefore. Rule 13 Use a singular verb with sums of money or periods of time. the subject follows the verb. Examples: The staff is in a meeting. The word in front of who is men. use a singular verb. Staff is acting as a unit here. If it is plural. The sentence would read even better as: The staff members are in disagreement about the findings. So. which is plural. if that noun is singular. which is singular. that. Five years is the maximum sentence for that offense. The word in front of who is scientist. Either of us is capable of doing the job. He is one of the men who does/do the work. Therefore. Rule 12 The words here and there have generally been labeled as adverbs even though they indicate place. or which is the subject of a verb in the middle of the sentence.Rule 11 When either and neither are subjects. Rule 14 Sometimes the pronoun who. use a plural verb. use the singular verb writes.

I (just / finish) 2. breakfast to the telephone and (call) learning English she (already /learn) three pages when her computer (crash) at the house the patient ( die) of traveling to Japan. Look! Sara (go) to the movies. The receptionist (welcome) 2. to the cinema. When she (start) 5. Tom (move) 4. a new film yet. We (go) 3. him a long time before I (meet) where to meet because nobody (tell) cloudy for days before it (begin) to rain. Before that day we (never / think) 8. The handbag (be) 4. Sara usually (put) 5. . I (not / be) 6. He (hear) 4. his mother (already /prepare) to London because our friends (invite) the news. to his home town in 1994. 2. their holidays in Paris last summer? a whale? Put the verbs into the correct tense (Simple Past or Past Progressive). (they / spend) 10. 1. . 1. And look. Mary (already / write) 3. They (not / know) 10. . (go) us a friend. The boys (swim) 4. My father (come) the guests and (ask) down and we (have) while the girls (sunbath) in. It (be) . (look) and (tell) them to fill in the form to walk home. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or past perfect) 1. on black shoes but now she (wear) an umbrella because it (rain) white trainers. My friend (be) 5. French. five letters. When he (wake up) 2. to London a couple of times. to Canada so far. I (know) 9. me to tidy up my room. (you / ever / see ) my homework. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect). them. his family. By the time the doctor (arrive) 7. in Canada two years ago. Mary and Paul (go) 8. her handbag. On her right hand. Jane (already / type) 6. I can't take any pictures because I (not /buy) 9. Sara (carry) 3. But I (already / travel) 7. . she (take) very beautiful. Last week.1. The car (break) 3.

my trip tomorrow 1. _________ a formidable opponent on the basketball court. By 9 o'clock. The tornadoes that tear through this county every spring _____ more than just a nuisance. While one group (prepare) 6. our homework. I think I (start) it by the end of next week. Everyone selected to serve on this jury _____ to be willing to give up a lot of time. The teacher (probably/assign) 4. the classroom by the end of the hour. I (finish) my new project. Martha (turn) dinner the others (collect) breakfast the children (run) off the light and (go) to bed. presents present . Tomorrow I think I (start) 2. They (leave) 8. ______ my boss or my sisters in the union going to win this grievance? Is Are 3. wood for the campfire. we (finish) 7. My friend (certainly/get) 6. Kara Wolters. about. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple future or future perfect) 1. Either the physicians in this hospital or the chief administrator ____ going to have to make a decision. He (correct) 5. are is 5. have has 6. While the parents (have) 7. is are 2. Some of the votes __________ to have been miscounted. it by the end of this month. a test to his students next Monday. together with her teammates. a good mark.5. seem seems 4. 3.

IS 4. is are 12. IS Neither of my two suitcases ____________ adequate for this trip. A high percentage of the population _________ voting for the new school. ARE There ____________ a list of committee members on the head-table. A high percentage of the people _________ voting for the new school.7. is are 11. are is 8. Three-quarters of the students __________ against the tuition hike. Three-quarters of the student body __________ against the tuition hike. IS Everybody in the class ____________ done the homework well in advance. is are 13. He seems to forget that there __________ things to be done before he can graduate. . ARE 5. ARE 2. Some of the grain __________ to be contaminated. have has 9. There _______ to be some people left in that town after yesterday's flood. The piano as well as the pipe organ ____________ to be tuned for the big concert. HAS HAVE The mayor together with his two brothers ____________ going to be indicted for accepting bribes. 3. appear appears 10. was were 1.

DECIDE DECIDES 14. TAKES Neither the teacher nor the students ____________ to understand this assignment. John or his brother ____________ going to be responsible for this. ARE IS 12. Hartford is one of those cities that ____________ working hard to reclaim a riverfront. A few of the students ____________ doing so well they can skip the next course. HAVE The jury ____________ their seats in the courtroom. SEEM 8. TAKE 7. SEEMS ____________ either my father or my brothers made a down-payment on the house? HAS HAVE 9. ARE IS 13. One of my instructors ____________ written a letter of recommendation for me. Either the Committee on Course Design or the Committee on College Operations ____________ these matters.HAS 6. Some of the grain ____________ gone bad. ." IS ARE 10. HINT: Try starting the sentence with "Of those cities that . HAVE HAS 11. . . HAVE HAS .