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How to find the gsm on zinc coatings.

PURPOSE

In this experiment, students will determine the thickness of zinc on a piece of galvanized Iron. They will be introduced to the reactivates of metals with acids and will develop some feeling for the size of an atom. DESCRIPTION This experiment is appropriate for a general or first-year college-prep course. Knowing the density of zinc, students can determine the thickness of the zinc coating on the metal by determining the area of the metal covered with zinc and the mass of zinc removed when the metal is reacted with hydrochloric acid. If students are also given the radius of a zinc atom, they can calculate the thickness of the coating in terms of number of zinc atoms. TIME REQUIRED Approximately 25 minutes. MATERIALS Chemicals: 6 M HCI (500 mL concentrated HCl solution diluted to 1.00 liter with distilled or deionized water)* 3 to 5-cm rectangular piece of galvanized metal * Equipment: centimeter ruler 250-mL beaker* centigram balance *See Modifications/Substitutions HAZARDS

Given that the density of zinc is 7. calculate the thickness of the zinc coating in terms of zinc atoms. Calculate the area of the metal rectangle covered by the zinc. 3. 2. 6. Remember the zinc covers two surfaces of the metal. 7. Determine the mass of the remaining metal and record. pour off the diluted acid. Given that the radius of the Zn atom is 2. 2. 8. Scraps of galvanized metal are available from contractors or a piece of galvanized metal can be purchased from a hardware store. DISCUSSION Active metals such as zinc react with acids to release hydrogen gas according to the following equation: 2 HCl (aq) + Zn(s)----> H2 (g) + Zn2+(aq) + 2 Cl-(aq) . Place the metal in the beaker and cover with 6 M HCl solution. 3. Fumes from acid can be caustic and/or irritating.14 g/cm3. Determine the mass of the metal and record. 28% HCl. HCl solution is available from a hardware store as muriatic acid. this solution is approximately 8 M and may be substituted for 6 M HCl solution. calculate the volume of zinc on the metal. add water. Use the ruler to measure the length and width of the metal and record. Remaining metal may be disposed of with solid waste. Determine the thickness of the zinc coating. if available). A Styrofoam cup or small glass jar may be substituted for the beaker. MODIFICATIONS/SUBSTITUTIONS 1. When the gas bubbles stop appearing rapidly. 4. and rinse and dry the metal that remains. DISPOSAL Diluted acid solution may be flushed down the drain with water. 5. do this experiment In a well-ventilated area (hood. Goggles must be worn throughout this experiment. PROCEDURE 1.66 × 10-8 cm.Concentrated solutions of HCl will burn skin and damage clothing.

TIP Have students write down the formulas for the area and volume of the zinc coating and the density of the zinc.Iron is much less reactive than zinc and so it reacts with acid only slowly. It is therefore possible to use the rate of bubble formation to signal when removal of the zinc coating is complete. . students can solve for the thickness of the zinc coating. By manipulating the equations. * Remind students that the coating covers both sides of the galvanized metal.