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Vikas Patil 2010-11

Vikas Patil 2010-11

Vikas Patil 2010-11

Few quick flicks about Europe


Europe is the second smallest continent. Total area is 10 million sq.km. Thrice the size of India (approx) Total no of countries is 45 Largest country is Russia Smallest country is Vatican City Highest peak is Mt. Elbrus (5,642 m) Lowest point is Caspian Sea (28 m below sea) Longest river is River Volga (3,531 km)
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Few quick flicks about ASIA


Asia is the LARGEST continent. Total area is 44 Million sq.km. Total population is approx 3680 million which is about 3/5 of worlds population. Total no of countries is 48 Largest country is Russia (17 mill sq km) Smallest country is Singapore (660 sq km) Highest peak is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) Lowest point is Dead Sea (400 m below sea) Highest plateau is Plateau of Tibet
Vikas Patil 2010-11

Few quick flicks about ASIA


Deepest sea is South China Sea

Deepest lake is lake Baikal (1637 m)


Longest strait is Strait of Malacca Coldest place is Verkhoyansk, Russia (-70C) Hottest place is Sind, Pakistan (52 C) Wettest place is Mausinram, India (11,43 cm)
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The location of Europe

Greenwich Londen

Latitudinal 35 N to 73 N
Longitudinal 25 W to 65 E

Prime Meridian
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The location and extent of ASIA

8,690 Km

9,700 Km

Latitudinal 10 S to 80 N

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Longitudinal 25 E to 170 W

The Shape of Europe


Collection of peninsulas Europe itself is a peninsula of Eurasia

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The Shape of Europe

Scandinavian peninsula has narrow inlets called fiords

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Seas
North Sea, Baltic Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Adriatic Sea, Black Sea, Sea of Azov, Aegean Sea
Europes Major Bodies of Water

Rivers
Rhine, Danube, Guadalquivir, Elbe, Seine, Thames

Oceans
Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean

Straits
Bosporus, Gibraltar, English Channel

Gulfs and Bays

(G)Bothnia, Finland (B)Biscay


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Rivers Seas
Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Andaman Sea, Java Sea, Arafura sea, South China Sea, Timor Sea, Celebes Sea, Yellow Sea, Sea of Japan, Sea of Okhotsk, Bering Sea

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Euphrates, Tigris, Indus, Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, Irrawaddy, Salween, Mekong, Si Kiang, Chang Jiang, Hwang He, Amur, Lena, Yenisei, Irtysh, Syr Darya, Amu Darya,

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Gulfs

Straits
Bab el Mandeb, Palk Strait, Strait of Malacca, Bering Strait, Soya Strait, Korea Strait, Taiwan Strait,

Gulf of Suez, Gulf of Aden, Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, Gulf of Bo Hai, Gulf of Tartary

Bays
Bay of Bengal
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Main Countries of Europe


Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Moldova Monaco Netherlands Norway
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Poland Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Ukraine United Kingdom Serbia and Montenegro Vatican City
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Main Countries of Europe


Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Moldova Monaco Netherlands Norway
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Poland Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Ukraine United Kingdom Serbia and Montenegro Vatican City
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Now write down as many names as you can..

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Main Countries of Europe


Number of correct names If u got less than 5 Your status Wake up you lazy bone!!!!!

5 to 10

10 to 15 15 to 20 More than 20

So you are really not sleeping in the class!!! Work on your eyesight and memory!!!! Good. Keep it up!!
You are the real hopes of my class!!!! I feel insecure You are genius.

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HISTORY OF EARTH

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TECTONIC PLATES

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SAN ANDREAS FAULT


NORTH AMERICAN PLATE

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Political Divisions of Europe

SCANDINAVIA
Norway, Sweden, Finland Denmark and Iceland Norway and Sweden form the Scandinavian Peninsula. Norway, Sweden and Denmark are also known as Nordic Countries.
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Political Divisions of Europe LOWLANDS


Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg This part is below sea level. They are also called BENELUX

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Political Divisions of Europe UNITED KINGDOM


UK is made up of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Great Britain is made up of Scotland, England and Wales. The British Isles is made up of Great Britain and Republic of Ireland
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Political Divisions of Europe BALKAN STATES

Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Greece They all lie in the Balkan mountain range

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Political Divisions of Europe IBERIAN PENINSULA


Spain and Portugal

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TIME TO LOOK BACK


MATCH THE PAIRS
1. Balkan States 2. Iberian Peninsula 3. British Isles 4. Nordic Countries 5. Benelux 6. Scandinavia a. UK and Republic of Ireland b. Belgium, Netherland and Luxemburg c. Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland d. Spain and Portugal e. Norway, Sweden and Denmark f. Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Greece

1-f, 2-d, 3-a, 4-e, 5-b and 6-c


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Main POLITICAL DIVISIONS of Asia


NORTH ASIA

CENTRAL ASIA

EAST ASIA

SOUTH WEST ASIA


SOUTH EAST ASIA

SOUTH ASIA

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Main POLITICAL DIVISIONS of Asia


EAST ASIA

JAPAN
N. KOREA

S. KOREA

CHINA

TAIWAN
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Main POLITICAL DIVISIONS of Asia


SOUTH EAST ASIA

MYANMAR MALAYSIA THAILAND


SINGAPORE
COMBODIA

VIETNAM
LAOS INDONESIA PHILIPPINES
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Main POLITICAL DIVISIONS of Asia


SOUTH ASIA

INDIA PAKISTAN
BANGLADESH

SRI LANKA NEPAL

BHUTAN
AFGANISTAN

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Main POLITICAL DIVISIONS of Asia


SOUTH WEST AISA

SOUDI ARABIA

YEMEN
IRAQ

OMAN
BEHRAIN
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IRAN JORDAN SYRIA ISRAEL LEBANON

UAE KUWAIT

TURKEY
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Main POLITICAL DIVISIONS of Asia


CENTRAL ASIA

AZERBAIJAN

ARMENIA GEORGIA
KASAKHSTAN
TURKMENISTAN

UZBEKISTAN KYRGYSTAN TAJIKISTAN

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Main POLITICAL DIVISIONS of Asia


NORTH ASIA

ASIAN RUSSIA

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TIME TO LOOK BACK


MATCH THE PAIRS
1. South Asia 2. S E Asia 3. North Asia 4. East Asia 5. S W Asia 6. Central Asia a. China, Taiwan, Japan b. Asia Russia c. Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq d. Kazakhstan, Georgia, Azerbaijan e. India, Bangladesh, Pakistan f. Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore

1-e, 2-f, 3-b, 4-a, 5-c and 6-d


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THE NORTH WESTERN HIGHLANDS CENTRAL EUROPEAN PLAINS


SOUTHERN PLATEAU AND HIGHLAND THE ALPINE MOUNTAIN SYSTEM

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THE NORTH WESTERN HIGHLANDS

Mountains and plateaus of Norway and Sweden Among the oldest mountains of Europe Made up of old, hard crystalline rocks On the coast fiords are formed due to glacial erosion for millions of years There are deep inlets of water with steep sides It makes the coastline irregular
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CENTRAL EUROPEAN PLAINS

It stretches from Atlantic ocean in the west to Ural Mt in the east. White sea in the north and southern mountain in the south. It is partly made up of glacial deposits and partly by alluvium deposits by big rivers like Don, Dneiper, Volga and the Ural. They are very fertile and good for agriculture.
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SOUTHERN PLATEAU AND HIGHLAND


These are not very high. Max height is 1800 mt. It includes Plateau of Spain, The Central Massif and the Vosges of France, The Black Forest of Germany The Plateau of Bohemia. The Ural Mt in Russia

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THE ALPINE MOUNTAIN SYSTEM


Young fold mountains Stretches from Pyrenees in Spain to The Pamir Knot in Central Asia. It includes
Alps in the center (Mt Blanc in the highest peak with 4807 Mt height) Pyrenees in the West and further as Canterbrian Mts. The Appenines in the South The Dinaric Alps, Carpthian Mt, The Transylvanian Alps and Balkan Mt in the South Caucasus Mt in the East. (Mt Elbrus is the highest peak of Europe with 5642 Mt height)

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THE NORTHERN LOWLANDS


THE CENTRAL FOLD MOUNTAINS AND INTER-MOUNTAIN PLATEAUX

THE SOUTHERN PLATEAUX


THE GREAT RIVER VALLEYS THE ISLAND CHAINS
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THE NORTHERN LOWLANDS

THE SIBERIAN PLAIN: Wide in west and becomes narrow towards east. Drained by 3 rivers- Ob, Yenisei and Lena THE TURAN PLAIN: Lowlands around the Aral Sea Drained by 2 rivers- Amu Darya and Syr Darya (Inland drainage).
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THE CENTRAL MOUNTAINS AND PLATEAUS


Fold mountains and intermontane plateaus. PAMIR KNOT: WEST: Sulaiman Mts, Zagros, Taurus Mts. Hindu Kush, Elburz Mts, Pontic Mts. EAST: The Himalayas The Karakoram Mts. Kunlun Mountain Altyn Mts Tien Shan Mts. INTERMONTANE PLATEAUS: Anatolia, Iran, Tibet, 46 Mongolia

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THE SOUTHERN PLATEAUS


OLD, HARD, CRYSTALLINE ROCKS PLATEAU OF ARABIA: Steep along SW and gentle along NE PLATEAU OF PENINSULAR INDIA: Steep along West and gentle along East PLATEAU OF SHAN AND YUNNAN: Steep along the West and gentle along East

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THE GREAT RIVER VALLEYS

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THE ISLAND GROUPS

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MALAY ARCHIPELAGO

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Important Rivers of Asia


Rank
2.** 1.** 3. 5. 6. 7. 9.

River
Amazon Nile Yangtze (Chang Jiang) Yenisei Angara Selenga Yellow (Huang He) Ob Irtysh Amur Argun (Heilong Jiang)

Length (km)
7,062 6,650 6,300 5,539 5,464 5,410 4,444

Length (miles)
4,391 4,132 3,917 3,445 3,398 3,364 2,763

10.
11. 16.

Lena
Mekong (Lancang Jiang) Shatt al-Arab Euphrates

4,400
4,350 3,596

2,736
2,705 2,236

21.
28. 39.

Indus (Sindhu)
Brahmaputra Ganges/Padma (Ganga)

3,180
2,948* 2,510
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1,976
1,832* 1,560
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THE NORTH WESTERN HIGHLANDS

Alps Mountains

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The Land of Europe

North European Plain

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The Land of Europe

Dense Forests Black Forest in Germany

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The Rivers of Europe

Fishing important to economy Most of the continent is 300 miles to the sea jagged coastline creates natural harbors 1/3 all fish in the world comes from Europe

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The Rivers of Europe

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The Rivers of Europe


Seine River in Paris, France

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The Rivers of Europe

Thames River in London, England

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Canals

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