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SSIS - SQL Server Integration Services

Q: What is SSIS? How it related with SQL Server. SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) is a component of SQL Server which can be used to perform a wide range of Data Migration and ETL operations. SSIS is a component in MSBI process of SQL Server. This is a platform for Integration and Workflow applications. It is known for a fast and flexible OLTP and OLAP extensions used for data extraction, transformation, and loading (ETL). The tool may also be used to automate maintenance of SQL Server databases and multidimensional data sets. Q: What are the tools associated with SSIS? We use Business Intelligence Development Studio (BIDS) and SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) to work with Development of SSIS Projects. We use SSMS to manage the SSIS Packages and Projects. Q: What are the differences between DTS and SSIS

Data Transformation Services Limited Error Handling Message Boxes in ActiveX Scripts No Deployment Wizard Limited Set of Transformation NO BI functionality

SQL Server Integration Services Complex and powerful Error Handling Message Boxes in .NET Scripting Interactive Deployment Wizard Good number of Transformations Complete BI Integration

Q: What is a workflow in SSIS ? Workflow is a set of instructions on to specify the Program Executor on how to execute tasks and containers within SSIS Packages. Q: What is the control flow? A control flow consists of one or more tasks and containers that execute when the package runs. To control order or define the conditions for running the next task or container in the package control flow, we use precedence constraints to connect the tasks and containers in a package. A subset of tasks and containers can also be grouped and run repeatedly as a unit within the package control flow. SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) provides three different types of control flow elements: Containers that provide structures in packages, Tasks that provide functionality, and Precedence Constraints that connect the executables, containers, and tasks into an ordered control flow. Q: What is a data flow? A data flow consists of the sources and destinations that extract and load data, the transformations that modify and extend data, and the paths that link sources, transformations, and destinations The Data Flow task is the executable within the SSIS package that creates, orders, and runs the data flow. A separate instance of the data flow engine is opened for each Data Flow task in a package. Data Sources, Transformations, and Data Destinations are the three important categories in the Data Flow. Q: How does Error-Handling work in SSIS When a data flow component applies a transformation to column data, extracts data from sources, or loads data into destinations, errors can occur. Errors frequently occur because of unexpected data values. Type of typical Errors in SSIS: -Data Connection Errors, which occur incase the connection manager cannot be initialized with the connection string. This applies to both Data Sources and Data Destinations along with Control Flows that use the Connection Strings. -Data Transformation Errors, which occur while data is being transformed over a Data Pipeline from Source to Destination. -Expression Evaluation errors, which occur if expressions that are evaluated at run time perform invalid Q: What is environment variable in SSIS? An environment variable configuration sets a package property equal to the value in an environment variable.

Environmental configurations are useful for configuring properties that are dependent on the computer that is executing the package. Q: What are the Transformations available in SSIS? AGGEGATE - It applies aggregate functions to Record Sets to produce new output records from aggregated values. AUDIT - Adds Package and Task level Metadata - such as Machine Name, Execution Instance, Package Name, Package ID, etc.. CHARACTER MAP - Performs SQL Server level makes string data changes such as changing data from lower case to upper case. CONDITIONAL SPLIT – Separates available input into separate output pipelines based on Boolean Expressions configured for each output. COPY COLUMN - Add a copy of column to the output we can later transform the copy keeping the original for auditing. DATA CONVERSION - Converts columns data types from one to another type. It stands for Explicit Column Conversion. DATA MINING QUERY – Used to perform data mining query against analysis services and manage Predictions Graphs and Controls. DERIVED COLUMN - Create a new (computed) column from given expressions. EXPORT COLUMN – Used to export a Image specific column from the database to a flat file. FUZZY GROUPING – Used for data cleansing by finding rows that are likely duplicates. FUZZY LOOKUP Used for Pattern Matching and Ranking based on fuzzy logic. IMPORT COLUMN - Reads image specific column from database onto a flat file. LOOKUP - Performs the lookup (searching) of a given reference object set against a data source. It is used for exact matches only. MERGE - Merges two sorted data sets into a single data set into a single data flow. MERGE JOIN - Merges two data sets into a single dataset using a join junction. MULTI CAST - Sends a copy of supplied Data Source onto multiple Destinations. ROW COUNT - Stores the resulting row count from the data flow / transformation into a variable. ROW SAMPLING - Captures sample data by using a row count of the total rows in dataflow specified by rows or percentage. UNION ALL Merge multiple data sets into a single dataset. PIVOT – Used for Normalization of data sources to reduce analomolies by converting rows into columns UNPIVOT – Used for demoralizing the data structure by converts columns into rows incase of building Data Warehouses. Q: How to log SSIS Executions? SSIS includes logging features that write log entries when run-time events occur and can also write custom messages. This is not enabled by default. Integration Services supports a diverse set of log providers, and gives you the ability to create custom log providers. The Integration Services log providers can write log entries to text files, SQL Server Profiler, SQL Server, Windows Event Log, or XML files. Logs are associated with packages and are configured at the package level. Each task or container in a package can log information to any package log. The tasks and containers in a package can be enabled for logging even if the package itself is not. Q: How do you deploy SSIS packages. BUILDing SSIS Projects provides a Deployment Manifest File. We need to run the manifest file and decide whether to deploy this onto File System or onto SQL Server [ msdb]. SQL Server Deployment is very faster and more secure then File System Deployment. Alternatively, we can also import the package from SSMS from File System or SQ Server. Q: What are variables and what is variable scope ? Variables store values that a SSIS package and its containers, tasks, and event handlers can use at run time. The scripts in the Script task and the Script component can also use variables. The precedence constraints that sequence tasks and containers into a workflow can use variables when their constraint definitions include expressions. Integration Services supports two types of variables: user-defined variables and system variables. User-defined variables are defined by package developers, and system variables are defined by Integration Services.

You can create as many user-defined variables as a package requires, but you cannot create additional system variables.

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Q: Can you name five of the Perfmon counters for SSIS and the value they provide? SQLServer:SSIS Service SSIS Package Instances SQLServer:SSIS Pipeline BLOB bytes read BLOB bytes written BLOB files in use Buffer memory Buffers in use Buffers spooled Flat buffer memory Flat buffers in use Private buffer memory Private buffers in use Rows read Rows written

SSAS - SQL Server Analysis Services
Q: What is Analysis Services? List out the features? Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS) delivers online analytical processing (OLAP) and data mining functionality for business intelligence applications. Analysis Services supports OLAP by letting we design, create, and manage multidimensional structures that contain data aggregated from other data sources, such as relational databases. For data mining applications, Analysis Services lets we design, create, and visualize data mining models that are constructed from other data sources by using a wide variety of industry-standard data mining algorithms. Analysis Services is a middle tier server for analytical processing, OLAP, and Data mining. It manages multidimensional cubes of data and provides access to heaps of information including aggregation of data. One can create data mining models from data sources and use it for Business Intelligence also including reporting features. Analysis service provides a combined view of the data used in OLAP or Data mining. Services here refer to OLAP, Data mining. Analysis services assists in creating, designing and managing multidimensional structures containing data from varied sources. It provides a wide array of data mining algorithms for specific trends and needs. Some of the key features are:  Ease of use with a lot of wizards and designers.

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Flexible data model creation and management Scalable architecture to handle OLAP Provides integration of administration tools, data sources, security, caching, and reporting etc. Provides extensive support for custom applications

Q: What is UDM? Its significance in SSAS? The role of a Unified Dimensional Model (UDM) is to provide a bridge between the user and the data sources. A UDM is constructed over one or more physical data sources, and then the end user issues queries against the UDM using one of a variety of client tools, such as Microsoft Excel. At a minimum, when the UDM is constructed merely as a thin layer over the data source, the advantages to the end user are a simpler, more readily understood model of the data, isolation from heterogeneous backend data sources, and improved performance for

A user can interactively explore data by drilling. • Allows business rules to be captured in the model to support richer analysis. Each instance of Analysis Services implemented as a separate instance of the Windows service. .an industry standard query language orientated towards analysis Data Mining Extensions (DMX) . Clients communicate with Analysis Services using the standard the XMLA (XML For Analysis) .. exposed as a web service.used to manage Analysis Services database objects. Q: Explain the TWO-Tier Architecture of SSAS?  SSAS uses both server and client components to supply OLAP and data mining functionality BI Applications. Pivoting refers to switching categories of data between rows and columns. Q: What is the need for SSAS component?  Analysis Services is the only component in SQL Server using which we can perform Analysis and Forecast operations. In some scenarios a simple UDM like this is constructed totally industry standard query language oriented toward data mining. Faster Analysis and Troubleshooting. ? Q: What is FASMI A database is called a OLAP Database if the database satisfies the FASMI rules :  Fast Analysis– is defined in the OLAP scenario in five seconds or less. With greater investment in the construction of the UDM.     Q: How Cubes are implemented in SSAS ? Cubes are multidimensional models that store data from one or more sources. • Provides high performance queries supporting interactive analysis. protocol for issuing commands and receiving responses.      Q: What are the components of SSAS? An OLAP Engine is used for enabling fast ad hoc queries by end users. Slicing refers to the process of placing data in rows and columns. Drilling refers to the process of exploring details of the data.        Shared – Must support access to data by many users in the factors of Sensitivity and Write Backs. Cubes can also store aggregations SSAS Cubes are created using the Cube Wizard.     SSAS is very easy to use and interactive. Analysis Services Scripting Language (ASSL) . We also build Dimensions when creating Cubes.summary type queries. The UDM provides the following benefits: • Allows the user model to be greatly enriched. Information – The OLAP database Must support large volumes of data.   The server component is implemented as a Microsoft Windows service. slicing or pivoting. Apply efficient Security Principles. additional benefits accrue from the richness of metadata that the model can provide. we will be using what are called as Dimensional Databases. Multidimensional – The data inside the OLAP Database must be multidimensional in structure. In OLAP. Ability to create and manage Data warehouses. Q: What languages are used in SSAS ? Structured Query Language (SQL) Multidimensional Expressions (MDX) . even over huge data volumes.

Cubes can see only the DSV( logical View).

Q: What is the difference between a derived measure and a calculated measure? The difference between a derived measure and a calculated measure is when the calculation is performed. A derived measure is calculated before aggregations are created, and the values of the derived measure are stored in the cube. A calculated measure is calculated after aggregations are created, and the values of a calculated measure aren‟t stored in th e cube. The primary criterion for choosing between a derived measure and a calculated measure is not efficiency, but accuracy. Q: What is a partition? A partition in Analysis Services is the physical location of stored cube data. Every cube has at least one partition by default. Each time we create a measure group, another partition is created. Queries run faster against a partitioned cube because Analysis Services only needs to read data from the partitions that contain the answers to the queries. Queries run even faster when partition also stores aggregations, the pre calculated totals for additive measures. Partitions are a powerful and flexible means of managing cubes, especially large cubes. Q: While creating a new calculated member in a cube what is the use of property called non-empty behavior? Nonempty behavior is important property for ratio calculations. If the denominator Is empty, an MDX expression will return an error just as it would if the denominator Were equal to zero. By selecting one or more measures for the Non-Empty Behavior property, we are establishing a requirement that each selected measure first be evaluated before the calculation expression is evaluated. If each selected measure is empty, then The expression is also treated as empty and no error is returned. Q: What is a RAGGED hierarchy? Under normal circumstances, each level in a hierarchy in Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS) has the same number of members above it as any other member at the same level. In a ragged hierarchy, the logical parent member of at least one member is not in the level immediately above the member. When this occurs, the hierarchy descends to different levels for different drilldown paths. Expanding through every level for every drilldown path is then unnecessarily complicated. Q: What are the roles of an Analysis Services Information Worker? The role of an Analysis Services information worker is the traditional "domain expert" role in business intelligence (BI) someone who understands the data employed by a solution and is able to translate the data into business information. The role of an Analysis Services information worker often has one of the following job titles: Business Analyst (Report Consumer), Manager (Report Consumer), Technical Trainer, Help Desk/Operation, or Network Administrator. Q: What are the different ways of creating Aggregations? We can create aggregations for faster MDX statements using Aggregation Wizard or thru UBO – Usage Based Optimizations. Always, prefer UBO method in realtime performance troubleshooting. Q: What is WriteBack? What are the pre-conditions? The Enable/Disable Writeback dialog box enables or disables writeback for a measure group in a cube. Enabling writeback on a measure group defines a writeback partition and creates a writeback table for that measure group. Disabling writeback on a measure group removes the writeback partition but does not delete the writeback table, to avoid unanticipated data loss. Q: What is processing? Processing is a critical and resource intensive operation in the data warehouse lifecycle and needs to be carefully optimized and executed. Analysis Services 2005 offers a high performance and scalable processing architecture with a comprehensive set of controls for database administrators. We can process an OLAP database, individual cube, Dimension or a specific Partition in a cube. Q: Name few Business Analysis Enhancements for SSAS? The following table lists the business intelligence enhancements that are available in Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services (SSAS). The table also shows the cube or dimension to which each business intelligence enhancement applies, and indicates whether an enhancement

can be applied to an object that was created without using a data source and for which no schema has been generated. No data Enhancement Type Applied to source Time Intelligence Cube Cube No Account Intelligence Dimension Dimension or cube No Dimension Intelligence Dimension Dimension or cube Yes Dimension (unary operator) or Custom Aggregation Dimension No cube Semiadditive Behavior Cube Cube Yes> Custom Member Formula Dimension Dimension or cube No Custom Sorting and Uniqueness Dimension Dimension or cube Yes Settings Dimension Writeback Dimension Dimension or cube Yes Q: What MDX functions do you most commonly use? This is a great question because you only know this answer by experience. If you ask me this question, the answer practically rushes out of me. “CrossJoin, Descendants, and NonEmpty, in addition to Sum, Count, and Aggregate. My personal favorite is CrossJoin because it allows me identify non-contiguous slices of the cube and aggregate even though those cube cells don‟t roll up to a natural ancestor.” Indeed, CrossJoin has easily been my bread and butter. Q: Where do you put calculated members? The reflexive answer is “in the Measures dimension” but this is the obvious answer. So I always follow up with another question. “If you want to create a calculated member that intersects all measures, where do you put it?” A high percentage of candidates can‟t answer this question, and the answer is “In a dimension other than Measures.” If they can answer it, I immediately ask them why. The answer is “Because a member in a dimension cannot intersect its own relatives in that dimension.” Q: How do I find the bottom 10 customers with the lowest sales in 2003 that were not null? A: Simply using bottomcount will return customers with null sales. You will have to combine it with NONEMPTY or FILTER. SELECT { [Measures].[Internet Sales Amount] } ON COLUMNS , BOTTOMCOUNT( NONEMPTY(DESCENDANTS( [Customer].[Customer Geography].[All Customers] , [Customer].[Customer Geography].[Customer] ) , ( [Measures].[Internet Sales Amount] ) ) , 10 , ( [Measures].[Internet Sales Amount] ) ) ON ROWS FROM [Adventure Works] WHERE ( [Date].[Calendar].[Calendar Year].&[2003] ) ; Q: How in MDX query can I get top 3 sales years based on order quantity? By default Analysis Services returns members in an order specified during attribute design. Attribute properties that define ordering are "OrderBy" and "OrderByAttribute". Lets say we want to see order counts for each year. In Adventure Works MDX query would be: SELECT , FROM {[Measures].[Reseller [Date].[Calendar].[Calendar query Order Order Quantity]} Year].Members [Adventure using Quantity]} ON ON ON 0 1 Works];

Same SELECT {[Measures].[Reseller

TopCount: 0,

TopCount([Date].[Calendar].[Calendar Year].Members,3, [Measures].[Reseller Quantity]) ON FROM [Adventure Works]; Q: How do you extract first tuple from the Use Example: could usefunction

Order 1 set?

Set.Item(0) Year].Members 0 in Calculation script?

SELECT {{[Date].[Calendar].[Calendar }.Item(0)} ON FROM [Adventure Works] Q: How can I setup default dimension member

You can use ALTER CUBE statement. Syntax: ALTER CUBE CurrentCube | YourCubeName UPDATE DIMENSION , DEFAULT_MEMBER='';

SSRS - SQL Server Reporting Services
Q: What is SSRS? SQL Server Reporting Service is one of the server-based software systems that generate reports developed by Microsoft. It is used for preparing and delivering interactive and variety of printed reports. It is administered through an interface that is web based. Reporting services utilizes a web service interface for supporting and developing of customized reporting applicatons. It can be competed with Crystal Reports and other business intelligent tools. Q: Explain SSRS Architecture? Reporting services architecture is comprises of integrated components. It is multi-tiered, included with application, server and data layers. This architecture is scalable and modular. A single installation can be used across multiple computers. It includes the following components: - Report Manager, Reporting Designer, Browser Types Supported by Reporting services, Report server, Report server command line utilities, Report Server Database, Reporting Services Extensibility, Data sources that is supported by Reporting Services. Q: Explain Reporting Life Cycye? The Reporting Lifecycle includes - Report designing – The designing is done in Visual Studio Report Designer. It generates a class which embodies the Report Definition. - Report processing – The processing includes binging the report definition with data from the report data source. It performs on all grouping, sorting and filtering calculations. The expressions are evaluated except the page header, footer and section items. Later it fires the Binding event and Bound event. As a result of the processing, it produces Report Instance. Report instance may be persisted and stored which can be rendered at a later point of time. - Report Rendering: Report rendering starts by passing the Report Instance to a specific rendering extension (HTML or PDF formats). The instance of reports is paged if paging supported by output format. The expressions of items are evaluated in the page header and footer sections for every page. As a final step, the report is rendered to the specific output document. Q: How to finetune Reports? To tune-up the Reporting Services, follow the below mentioned ways: - Expand the Server or utilizing the reporting services of another database server. For better embedding of report contents, report application‟s logic and characteristics can have a duplicate copy of data. Replication of data continuously. Using nolock, the issues of locking can well be resolved and the performance of the query can be improved. This can be done by using dirty read at the time of duplicating the data is unavailable. Q: What are Data Driven Subscriptions? Reporting Services provides data-driven subscriptions so that you can customize the distribution of a report based on dynamic subscriber data. Data-driven subscriptions are intended for the following kinds of scenarios: Distributing reports to a large recipient pool whose membership may change from one distribution to the next. For example distribute a monthly report to all current customers. Distributing reports to a specific group of recipients based on predefined criteria. For example send a sales performance report to the top ten sales managers in an organization.

the Report Builder Model Designer can be used to generate or modify the models that are built on top of SQL Server relational databases. Crystal reports are processed by IIS while SSRS have a report server. The following rules apply when rendering logical page breaks: Logical page breaks are ignored for report items that are constantly hidden and for report items where the visibility is controlled by clicking another report item. the user must be assigned a role. Q: What are the Reporting Services components? Reporting services components assist in development. and then select the Generate Model option to create the model. Logical page breaks defined on items in table or matrix cells are not kept. a report sever is used to execute and distribute reports. These processing components include some tools that are used to create. To create a model for Analysis Services cube. Q:SQL Server Reporting Services vs Crystal Reports. These model-building projects are a new type of project within a Visual Studio–based development shell. ad-hoc report design client that allows users to design reports based on the business terms (Report Builder model) they are familiar with. the Null Delivery Provider does not have delivery settings that you can configure through a subscription definition. caching in SSRS is available for Report history snapshots. In SSRS it is accessed by a URL. This does not apply to items in lists. go to Report Manager or Management Studio. Space is preserved between the report item with the logical page break and its peer report items. A user with a role of full permissions can entire all the features and menus of the report.Q: What is Linked Report? Q: What are different types of roles provided by SSRS? Q: Difference between Logical Page an Physical Page in SSRS. a URL needs to be defined. The interface of this Report manager depends on the permissions of the user. This means to access any functionality or perform any task. create a data source for your Analysis Services database. To configure the report manager. Report Builder works with both SQL Server and Analysis Services data sources. a report manager is used to manage the report server. In contrast with other delivery extensions. On the other hand. Q: How can you monitor the report Usage? Q: How does the report manager work in SSRS? Report manager is a web application. SSRS allows only user defined field labels. Q: How does Report Builder support Analysis Services cubes? Report Builder supports relational SQL and Analysis Services data sources in SQL Server 2005. How to acheive this? Q: Name and Describe few console utilities for SSRS? Q: Name few Endpoints exposed by SSRS 2012? Q: Describe different Processing Modes offered by SSRS? Q: When to Use Null Data driven Subscription? Create a data-driven subscription that uses the Null Delivery Provider. Q: What is Report Builder? Report Builder is a business-user. A report designer is used to create the reports. The report item is rendered at the top of the next page. manage and view reports. Logical page breaks are page breaks that you insert before or after report items or groups. Q: How do users use Report Builder with SQL Server data sources? While models that provide access to SQL Server Analysis Services are automatically generated on the report server. Caching in Crystal reports is available through cache server. When you specify the Null Delivery Provider as the method of delivery in the subscription. Logical page breaks that are inserted before a report item push the report item down to the next page. Q: User want only to display only pdf as export option in report Manager. Page breaks help to determine how the content is fitted to a report page for optimal viewing when rendering or exporting the report. but without needing to understand database schemas or how to write SQL or MDX queries. Logical page breaks are applied on conditionally visible items if they are currently visible at the time the report is rendered. Q: How do I get Report Builder to generate a parameter that can be set by users viewing the report? . the report server targets the report server database as the delivery destination and uses a specialized rendering extension called the null rendering extension. Crystal reports have standards and user defined field labels.

which requires a Server OS to install on (Windows 2003 Standard. OLE DB). It only queries data in whatever format it is stored in their native storage system. on data that was supplied by you. they have SQL Server Reporting Services. Q: What are the drawbacks of reporting in SSRS? For many years. this would prevent more than a few people from using SSRS at once. components in SSRS like Report Builder and Report Designer are meant for different users for different aspects of the report process. You can embed reports directly in any Windows Forms or ASP. Q: Are there issues when exporting SSRS reports into Microsoft Excel? When my users are trying to export a SSRS report into Microsoft Excel. A set of reporting controls was added in Visual Studio 2010 allowing you to report in a dataset. bound the datagrid to the dataset so it had data to display. click Order Year. The Internet Information Services (IIS) component of Windows XP only allows a small number of users to connect to the website at once. like SharePoint offer controls allowing you to view reports in the context of the other websites.NET applications. Q: Will running SSRS on Windows XP limit the number of users? Yes. you can build reports using the Report Designer that is directly integrated with Visual Studio language projects.NET Web application without access to a report server. you could then use that dataset as the datasource for the reporting controls. For example. As SSRS runs via IIS. yet complete understanding and exposure to both is important to utilize both functions fully and extensively. which is Crystal Reports. Reporting Services supports a wide variety of data sources. as it can lead to a loss of data.NET project that populates a datagrid. ODBC. the following have been added in SSRS 2008: SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services SQL Server 2005 Integration Services SQL Server 2005 Report Builder Models XML (through URL and Web services) SAP Q: How can I add Reporting Services reports to my application? Visual Studio 2005 (Standard and Enterprise editions) contains a set of freely redistributable Report Viewer controls that make it easy to embed Reporting Services functionality into custom applications. Select the Prompt option in the drop-down list. This edition can not be used for production use. Oracle. Also. one or two columns in . You'll get the best performance with the built-in native . whether it comes from Microsoft or a third-party company. However.In the filter dialog box. There are also issues when exporting very large reports to Microsoft Excel. The data access in embedded reports is a natural extension of the Visual Studio data facilities. you can use object collections as well. Q: Do I need a report server to run reports in my application? In addition to publishing reports to a report server. Also. I'd like to use the datagrid as my datasource for my report using SQL Server Reporting Services. but not because of SSRS. I will assume that you're asking whether you can create reports and use Excel spreadsheets as data sources. nothing's ever simple. Now. Windows 2008 Standard. It is still complex to understand the complete functionality and structure of this new component. The answer is Yes. Q: Can we use datagrids for our report in SSRS? I've got an ASP. but it does have several drawbacks. click the name of the criteria that you would like to prompt the user for when viewing the report. including Excel files. These are then client-side reports. the only edition of SSRS that will install on Windows XP is the Developer Edition. not server reports though. Q: What new data source types were added in SSRS 2012? In addition to the data source types available in SSRS 2005 (SQL Server. but the report is still deployed to and hosted from reporting services. Your only option for viewing them from other sites is an HTTP link. You need Standard or Enterprise Edition for production use. Q: Can you import Microsoft Excel data to SSRS? Reporting Services does not import data. Not only can you use traditional databases as a source of data for your reports. So. Two versions of the Report Viewer exist.NET providers but you should be able to connect to any ODBC or OLE-DB data source. Is this possible? The simple answer is no. etc). and many users are still relying on the reporting application they are more familiar with. Q: Can we deploy SSRS reports on our personal website? Your reports can only be deployed on a reporting services site. Microsoft had no direct solution for reporting with the SQL Server besides Crystal Reports. for the criteria Order Year=2000. Some tools. if you retrieved your data into a dataset. one for rich Windows client applications and one for ASP.

TaskID : uniqueidentifier type of the data flow task that contains audit transformation 3. If any of these headers or footers overlap with data columns in your report. you could splurge for an add-on that offers much better control over exporting to Excel. Transformations 3.MachineName 7. From my experience. Sources 2. Also. Auditing options that you can add to transformed data through this transformation are : 1. it is usually headers or footers that cause exporting issues.VersionID : GUID version of the package 5. as well. At the report subscription you can mention the report format and the email address of the recipient.the report appear to merge together. Explain Copy column Transformation? This component simply copies a column to another new column. What are the different types of Data flow components in SSIS? There are 3 data flow components in SSIS. Execution StartTime 6. such as OfficeWriter. you will find that the exported version of the report has merged cells. In order to do this.UserName 8. first you need to create a subscription to the report. 1. If you have extra resources. check columns next to each other to make sure that there is no overlap. Today i will share with you the list of SSIS most frequently asked interview questions with answers SSIS 2008 or SSIS 2012 interview questions will help you prepare better for your interviews 1. a SQL Server Agent Job will be created. Just like ALIAS Column in T-Sql. Why might this be? Exporting from SSRS is not always perfect. When you create a schedule for the SSRS report. Destinations 2. PackageName 4. by using sp_start_job and passing the relevant job name you can execute the SSRS report subscription.TaskName 9. though. PDF or another format to different users from a SSIS package one it has finished performing a data load. . You can create a SSRS report subscription from Report Manager. even if you stay within the Microsoft range of products. Explain Audit Transformation ? It allows you to add auditing information as required in auditing world specified by HIPPA and Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX). Execution of Instance GUID : ID of execution instance of the package 2. Q: How to send a SSRS report from SSIS? Often there is a requirement to be able to send a SSRS report in Excel. PackageID : ID of the package 3. From the SSIS.

What is a Transformation? A transformation simply means bringing in the data in a desired format. 10. web data scrapping. so you can ensure tasks/components get executed in the appropriate order 9. For example you are pulling data from the source and want to ensure only distinct records are written to the destination.4.NET programming language 7. so duplicates are removed. There are broadly two categories of tasks in SSIS. Common ones are SQL Server. .What is a workflow in SSIS ? Workflow is a set of instructions on to specify the Program Executor on how to execute tasks and containers within SSIS Packages 8. 6.How many difference source and destinations have you used? It is very common to get all kinds of sources so the more the person worked with the better for you. Takes ONE Input and makes the COPY of data and passes the same data through many outputs. Flat Files. There are around 30 transformation tasks available and this can be extended further with custom built tasks if needed. Anther example is if you have master/reference data and want to pull only related data from the source and hence you need some sort of lookup.What is a Task? A task is very much like a method of any programming language which represents or carries out an individual unit of work. Oracle. Although there are around 30 control flow tasks which you can use in your package you can also develop your own custom tasks with your choice of . you first create a package which is nothing but a collection of tasks or package components. You can directly copy existing or create a new column using more than one column also. Access. The control flow allows you to order the workflow. In simple Give one input and take many outputs of the same data. Control Flow tasks and Database Maintenance tasks. Excel. CSV/TXT. MySQL but also Salesforce.Explain Multicast Transformation? This transformation sends output to multiple output paths with no conditional as Conditional Split does. 5. Explain Derived column Transformation? Derived column creates new column or put manipulation of several columns into new column. All Control Flow tasks are operational in nature except Data Flow tasks.What is the Control Flow? When you start working with SSIS.

Year" Question: How to create "alternate row colour"? Question: How to create percentile function? Question: How to create median function? Question: How to make conditional sum in SSRS? Question: How to find a value in another dataset based on current dataset field (SSRS 2008 R2)? Question: How to change parameter value inside the report? Question: How to identify current user in SSRS Report? General SSRS Questions .SSRS INTERVIEW QUESTIONS Question: Question: Question: Question: Question: Question: Question: Which Have Do How have you you do languages Gives versions you have learnt you have examples SSRS got Data (on of SSRS samples have of you your skills? books. reports data How What normally you used where to create query you (wizard/manually)? for used SSRS Reports? parameters? Question: What types of graphs do you normally use and what effects do you apply to them? Question: Question: Have you Can used you custom assemblies update in SSRS? If data Yes give using an example SSRS? report Question: What is the formatting code (format property) for a number with 2 decimal places? Below are "narrowed" questions: Question: What does rdl stand for? Question: How to deploy an SSRS Report? Question: What is Report Manager? Question: What is Report Builder? Question: What permission do you need to give to users to enable them to use Report Builder? Question: What do you need to restore report server database on another machine? Question: Can you create subscription using windows authentication? Question: What caching options do you have for reports on report server? Question: How to find slow running reports? Question: How can you make calendar available in report parameter? Question: How to pass multi-valued parameter to stored procedure in dataset? Question: Which functions are used to pass parameter to MDX query? Question: How to create "dependent " parameter "Make. articles. used? work? (optional) conferences) Visualization the job. Model.

articles. You can also query data from other sources (not recommended) or use data mining expressions (DMX = advanced). Blog/Articles vary in quality so best practise articles is a big plus+. Question: How do you normally create reports (wizard/manually)? Comment: If wizard in most cases then you got rather inexperienced person. books. if manually than it is usually good answer. But T-SQL is not the only query language. The best answer is using a template. conferences) Comment: The thing is that most people who read good books have usually an advantage over those who hasn't because they know what they know and they know what they don't know (but they know it exists and is available)…. You can also have hidden and . Question: What languages have you used to query data for SSRS Reports? Comment: Most answers will probably be SQL (TSQL). If the candidate used several versions ask to describe the differences between them. Question: How have you learnt SSRS (on the job.Question: Which versions of SSRS have you used? Comment: Differences between 2005 and 2008 are quite big so if someone hasn't used 2008 or 2008 R2 before (or vice versa) than make sure you know this will require a few days to get up to speed with the new/previous version. Generally developers create reports from scratch which is not bad but it is not very efficient either. conferences can be also a SSRS Development open questions plus. When you review samples ask the candidate or yourself two questions: What is the purpose? And is it useful? Someone who does not know anything about data visualization will usually use pie charts. Some candidates may mention Stephen Few or Edward Tufte and this normally is a big plus. If someone build reports based on cubes before than they will say MDX. 3D effects. Question: Gives examples where you used parameters? Comment: Typically you use parameters to filter data in datasets (or data on reports) but you can also use them to restrict values like the well-known make->model->year example. gauges (exception is bullet chart which is classified as gauge in SSRS). Question: Have you got samples of your work? Comment: If SSRS is main skills for the role than it is worth asking for samples (before interview) they will often tell you a lot about the candidate quality of work. This is also related to previous question. make colourful designs (without any colour meaning). Question: Do you have Data Visualization skills? (optional) Comment: If you need dashboards then it is worth asking this question (we will ask more specific questions later).

so it should be used with care. Bad graphs are pie charts. Question: What is Report Builder? Answer: Report Builder is a self-service tool for end users. scatter.exe for command line deployment. Question: What caching options do you have for reports on report server? . line. SSRS interview "narrowed" questions In this section I will give you fairly long list of short and narrowed questions: Question: What does rdl stand for? Answer: Report Definition Language Question: How to deploy an SSRS Report? Answer: Configure project properties (for multiple environments) and deploy from bids. Question: What do you need to restore report server database on another machine? Answer: SSRS Encryption key Question: Can you create subscription using windows authentication? Answer: No.internal parameters which get very handy for more advanced stuff. Developers should avoid 3D effects. Question: What is Report Manager? Answer: Web based tool that allows to access and run reports. bullet graphs. Attention to details and good memory is always welcome. "glass" effect. gauges (apart from bullet graph which classified as gauge in SSRS). Re-usability is good but building dependencies is not so good… so one small mistake might break all reports using it. Question: Can you update report data using SSRS? Comment: This is not often used (and probably shouldn't be used in most cases) but it is possible. area graphs. Effects should be limited to minimum. Report builder should also be enable in report server properties. upload manually or use rs. shadows etc SSRS Advanced questions Question: Have you used custom assemblies in SSRS? If Yes give an example Comment: This allows to re-use code in reports and it is not very common. Question: What permission do you need to give to users to enable them to use Report Builder? Answer: "Report Builder" role and "system user". Question: What types of graphs do you normally use and what effects do you apply to them? Comment: Good graph are bar. Question: What is the formatting code (format property) for a number with 2 decimal places? Comment: N2.

Visit our tutorial for more details. and free-form reports that contain data from relational and multidimensional data sources. Question: How to identify current user in SSRS Report? Answer: User!UserID --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------.Answer: Do no cache. Question: How to make conditional sum in SSRS? Answer: IIF condition true then SUM else nothing. Question: How to pass multi-valued parameter to stored procedure in dataset? Answer: Join function in SSRS and split function in T-SQL Question: Which functions are used to pass parameter to MDX query? Answer: StrToMember and StrToSet Question: How to create "dependant" parameter "Make. on schedule. Question: How to find slow running reports? Answer: Check ReportExecution table Question: How can you make calendar available in report parameter? Answer: Set parameter data type to date. Visit our tutorial for more details Question: How to find a value in another dataset based on current dataset field (SSRS 2008 R2)? Answer: Use lookup function. graphical. and previous parameter should filter next parameter dataset. Year" Answer: They need to be in correct order.-Q1. Question: How to create median function? Answer: Custom code is required. matrix. Model. The reports that you create can be viewed and managed over a World Wide Web-based connection Q2. Architecture of SSRS: . For instance Model dataset should be filtered using Make parameter Question: How to create "alternate row colour"? Answer: use RowNumber and Mod function OR visit our tutorial. expiry cache after x minute. WHAT is SQL Server Reporting Services(SSRS)? SQL Server Reporting Services is a server-based reporting platform that you can use to create and manage tabular. Visit our tutorial for more details. "Jump to itself" and pass different value for the parameter. Question: How to change parameter value inside the report? Answer: Set action. Question: How to create percentile function? Answer: Custom code is required.

PDF.-Admin Q3. A Report Server component that hosts and processes reports in a variety of formats. Reuseability of Code: function created in embedded code to perform a logic can be then used in multiple expressions 2. Centralized code: helps in better manageability of code. What is the benefit of using embedded code in a report? 1. Report definition: The blueprint for a report before the report is processed or rendered. and more. 3. Access and Delivery Q4.NET Code. Which programming language can be used to code embedded functions in SSRS? Visual Basic . CSV. or create custom tools to build and manage reports. What are the three stages of Enterprise Reporting Life Cycle ? a. A report snapshot is actually a report definition that contains a dataset instead of query instructions. . What are the components included in SSRS? 1. Authoring b. A Complete set of Tools that can be used to create.An API that allows developers to integrate or extend data and report processing in custom applications. Important terms used in the reporting services? 1. 2. Report snapshot: A report that contains data captured at a specific point in time. Excel. TIFF. Q6. manage and view reports 2. A report definition contains information about the query and layout for the report. Q5. Output formats include HTML. Q7. Management c.

c) Rs. Model Designer: Report model creation tool used to build models for ad hoc reporting. The Report Server component includes several subcomponents that perform specific functions. Report Builder: Report authoring tool used to create ad hoc reports. Report Server: Describes the Report Server component.exe. 17. Report Server Command Prompt Utilities: Command line utilities that you can use to administer a report server. 9. Local administrators can have elevated permission even if role assignments are not defined for them. 14. used for ac hoc reports created in Report Builder. Report Manager: Describes the Web application tool used to access and manage the contents of a report server database. Rendered report: A fully processed report that contains both data and layout information. report models. shared data source items. Shared schedule: A predefined. Parameterized report: A published report that accepts input values through parameters. 4. a) RsConfig. what are the Command Line Utilities available In Reporting Services? . Shared data source: A predefined. 13. a report server administrator is typically a user who is assigned to both the Content Manager role and the System Administrator role. 15. Linked report: A report that derives its definition through a link to another report.exe Q8. which provides data and report processing. 6. standalone item that contains data source connection information.3. 8. and report delivery. Folder hierarchy: A bounded namespace that uniquely identifies all reports. Report server administrator: This term is used in the documentation to describe a user with elevated privileges who can access all settings and content of a report server. in a format suitable for viewing (such as HTML). 16. folders. If you are using the default roles. 12. Report model: A semantic description of business data. b) RsKeymgmt. 10. Report Designer: Report creation tool included with Reporting Services. Report-specific data source: Data source information that is defined within a report definition. 11. 5. 7. standalone item that contains schedule information. and resources that are stored in and managed by a report server.exe.

One group of data is displayed across the page. SELECT * FROM ReportServer.By grouping data on required fields -Then toggle visibility based on the grouped filed ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. and deletes the symmetric key used to protect sensitive report server data against unauthorized access · RS Utility: this utility is mainly used to automate report server deployment and administration tasks. What is difference between Tablular and Matrix report? OR What are the different styles of reports? Tablular report: A tabular report is the most basic type of report.config file. Encrypted values include report server database connection information and account values used for unattended report processing · RsKeymgmt Utility: Extracts. Matrix report: A matrix (cross-product) report is a cross-tabulation of four groups of data: a. How to create Drill-Down reports? To cut the story short: . c. Q. which determines all possible locations where the across and down data relate and places a cell in those locations. restores. You want to include an image in a report. the Image Properties dialog box automatically opens. How to create Drill-through reports? Using Navigation property of a cell and setting child report and its parameters in it. b. Martix reports can be considered more of a Pivot table. One group of data is the cross-product. How do you display the Image Properties dialog box? When you drag an image item from the Toolbox window to the Report Designer. creates.dbo.exe): encrypts and stores connection and account values in the RSReportServer. d. Q. .Processes script you provide in an input file.· Rsconfig Utility (Rsconfig. Each column corresponds to a column selected from the database. How to know Report Execution History? ExecutionLog table in ReportServer database store all the logs from last two months.ExecutionLog -Development Q. One group of data is displayed as the "filler" of the cells. One group of data is displayed down the page. Q.

You want users to see only summarized information initially but to be able to display the details as necessary. however. you cannot create the same experience with SSRS. You want to create an Excel interactive report from SSRS. Hide the SubCategory group and set the visibility to toggle based on the Category item. How do you select the Can you use data mining models in SSRS?Yes. 8. you can use a stored procedure to provide data to an SSRS report by configuring the dataset to use a stored procedure command type. What are data regions?Data regions are report items that display repeated You want to generate a report that is formatted as a chart. to create data mining queries for SSRS reports. 6. However. You want to use BIDS to deploy a report to a different server than the one you chose in the Report Wizard. In SSRS. If it returns multiple result sets. only the first one is used for the report dataset. 9. . select the report item. you must create the chart report directly by using the Report Designer. Can you use the rows of summarized information from datasets.2. Can you use a stored procedure to provide data to an SSRS report?Yes. 12. You want to configure an amount to display the value in a currency format. 3. and Product. Word. the Report Wizard lets you create only tabular and matrix reports. 7. can you create the same interactive experience in Excel that you would have on the Web? No. set the action to Go To URL. do not forget to flatten the result set returned by the DMX query. SubCategory. Which property do you use? To configure an amount to display a value in a currency format. and then set the format property to C or c. and Product. How would you create the report?Group the Sales information by Category. 11. How can you change the server URL? You can right-click the project in Solution Explorer and then change the Target-Server URL property. SubCategory. Which rendering formats are affected by the PageSize properties?Because only the Adobe PDf file. You want a report to display Sales by Category. However. You want to use a perspective in an MDX query. they are the only formats that are affected by the PageSize properties. and then configure the URL. 4. 5. your stored procedure should return only a single result set. you can use the DMX Designer perspective?Use the Cube Selector in the MDX Query Designer to select a perspective. Report Wizard to create such a report? No. you can. How do you configure such a hyperlink?Create a text box item. You want your report to display a hyperlink that will take users to your intranet. and Image rendering extensions use physical page breaks. use Excel to create such an experience. Hide the Product category group and set the visibility to toggle based on the SubCategory item. 10.

letting users change the report behavior based on options they select. 17. A control flow consists of one or more tasks and containers that execute when the package runs. Actually. How should you configure the parameter? You should create a data source that contains the possible values and then bind the data source to the parameter. What is the main difference between a Matrix report item and a Table report item? The main difference between a Matrix and a Table report item is in the initial template. SSRS? An SSRS report supports only visual Basic .nET embedded code. and precedence constraints that connect the executables. you use precedence constraints to connect the tasks and containers in a package. when you use filters. In contrast. and tasks into an ordered control flow. 19. The main purpose of a report parameter is to add interactivity to your reports. SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) provides three different types of control flow elements: containers that provide structures in packages. When you do not use report caching. 15. 20. containers. 14. What programming language would you use to create embedded functions in --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SSIS and SSRS Interview questions with Answers 1) What is the control flow ANS: In SSIS a workflow is called a control-flow. 18. A control-flow links together our modular data-flows as a series of operations in order to achieve a desired result. 16. How do you configure a running aggregate in SSRS?You can use the What is the main purpose of a report parameter? RunningValue function to configure a running aggregate. is it better to use parameters to filter information in the query or to use filters in the dataset?From a performance perspective. What is the main benefit of using embedded code in a report?The main benefit of using embedded code in a report is that the code you write at the report level can be reused in any expression in the report. both report items are just templates for the Tablix data region. What is the main purpose of a query parameter? You want your users to select a parameter from a list of values in a list box. tasks that provide functionality. it is better to use parameters because they let SSRS pull filtered data from the data source. 2) what is a data flow . The main purpose of a query parameter is to filter data in the data source. To control order or define the conditions for running the next task or container in the package control flow. the queries retrieve all data and then filter the information in an additional step.13. A subset of tasks and containers can also be grouped and run repeatedly as a unit within the package control flow.

extracts data from sources. 4) How do you do logging in ssis. orders. a data conversion fails because a column contains a string instead of a number. files. transformations. resulting in a mathematical operation that is not valid. the package control flow must include a Data Flow task. and the truncation of strings. and destinations. which occur if a conversion results in loss of significant digits. Sources extract data from data stores such as tables and views in relational databases. Many data flow components support error outputs. SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) provides three different types of data flow components: sources. or XML files. SQL Server. or loads data into destinations. . an insertion into adatabase column fails because the data is a date and the column has a numeric data type. and Analysis Services databases. the loss of insignificant digits. Logs are associated with packages and are configured at the package level.ANS: A data flow consists of the sources and destinations that extract and load data. For example. and runs the data flow. A separate instance of the data flow engine is opened for each Data Flow task in a package. Before you can add a data flow to a package. Destinations load data into data stores or create in-memory datasets. which occur if a lookup operation fails to locate a match in the lookup table. Each task or container in a package can log information to any package log. You specify how the component behaves when truncation or an error occurs by setting options on individual columns in the input or output. -Lookup errors. The tasks and containers in a package can be enabled for logging even if the package itself is not. summarize. The Data Flow task is the executable within the SSIS package that creates. errors can occur. Transformations modify. Errors typically fall into one the following categories: -Data conversion errors. and the paths that link sources. SQL Server Profiler. For example. or an expression fails to evaluate because a column value is zero. WindowsEvent Log. which let you control how the component handles row-level errors in both incoming and outgoing data. Errors frequently occur because of unexpected data values. you can specify that the component should fail if customer name data is truncated. Data conversion errors also occur if the requested conversion is not supported. transformations. Integration Services supports a diverse set of log providers. and clean data. The Integration Services log providers can write log entries to text files. and gives you the ability to create custom log providers. the transformations that modify and extend data. which occur if expressions that are evaluated at run time perform invalid operations or become syntactically incorrect because of missing or incorrect data values. ANS: SSIS includes logging features that write log entries when run-time events occur and can also write custom messages. -Expression evaluation errors. but ignore errors on another column that contains less important data. and destinations. 3) how do you do error handling in SSIS ANS: When a data flow component applies a transformation to column data.

ANS: False. 3. In Business Intelligence Development Studio. Select a log provider in the Provider type list. task. On the SSIS menu.' option. but a custom solution can be built to meet these needs. The Integration Services log schema defines the information that you can log. To enable logging in a package 1. Breakpoints are setup in BIDS. Because the package container is at the top of the container hierarchy. The breakpoint can give the Developer\DBA an opportunity to review the status of the data. enter quotes into the Text qualifier field then preview the data to ensure the quotes are not included. or event handler in the package. SSIS provides a Checkpoint capability which allows a package to restart at the point of failure. 7) True or False: SSIS has a default means to log all records updated. It commits all of the data to the database. variables defined within the scope of a container such as a For Loop container can be used by all tasks or containers within the For Loop container. Integration Services supports two types of variables: user-defined variables and system variables. Similarly. Scope : A variable is created within the scope of a package or within the scope of a container. and event handlers can use at run time. 9) How do you eliminate quotes from being uploaded from a flat file to SQL Server? ANS: In the SSIS package on the Flat File Connection Manager Editor. 10 unique conditions exist for each breakpoint..Using a checkpoint file in SSIS is just like issuing the CHECKPOINT command against the relational engine. deleted or inserted on a per table basis. tasks. 5)what are variables and what is variable scope ? ANS: Variables store values that a SSIS package and its containers.. In BIDS. variables and the overall status of the SSIS package. click Logging. User-defined variables are defined by package developers. and system variables are defined by Integration Services. navigate to the control flow interface. but you cannot create additional system variables. The precedence constraints that sequence tasks and containers into a workflow can use variables when their constraint definitions include expressions. Additional information: How to strip out double quotes from an import file in SQL Server Integration Services 10) Can you explain how to setup a checkpoint file in SSIS? . 6) True or False . You can create as many user-defined variables as a package requires. variables with package scope function like global variables and can be used by all containers in the package. Right click on the object where you want to set the breakpoint and select the 'Edit Breakpoints. ANS: False. The scripts in the Script task and the Script component can also use variables.To customize the logging of an event or custom message. You can select elements from the log schema for each log entry. and then click Add. open the Integration Services project that contains the package you want. Integration Services provides a schema of commonly logged information to include in log entries. 8) What is a breakpoint in SSIS? How is it setup? How do you disable it? ANS: A breakpoint is a stopping point in the code. 2.

Rather than using a hardcoded path as shown above.Determines if/how checkpoints are used. -Double click on Manifest file to deploy the required 5 package. SaveCheckpoints . it's a good idea to use an expression that concatenates a path defined in a package variable and the package name. or Always.Specify the full path to the Checkpoint file that the package uses to save the value of package variables and log completed tasks. SSIS. You must select True to implement the Checkpoint behavior. If a Checkpoint file is not found the package starts execution with the first task. IfExists. CheckpointUsage .Choose from these options: True or False (default). Choose from these options: Never (default). . SSRS. keep the required 5 packages. the SSIS project contain 10 packages. remove remaining 5 packages. If a Checkpoint file is found it is used to restore package variable values and restart at the point of failure. -Save and Close the Manifest file. But How to deploy only 5 packages in Destination machine eventhough Manifest file contains all 10 packages after the Build? -Open the Manifest file in any editor like BIDS or Notepad. In BIDS. one or two techniques are typically used: Recode the package based on the functionality in SQL Server DTS Use the Migrate DTS 2000 Package wizard in BIDS then recode any portion of the package that is not accurate. Never indicates that you are not using Checkpoints. SSAS Interview Questions and Answers Views SSRS FAQs SSAS FAQs SSIS FAQs WCF FAQs SSIS Interview Questions and Answers 1.ANS: The following items need to be configured on the properties tab for SSIS package: CheckpointFileName . IfExists is the typical setting and implements the restart at the point of failure behavior. The Always choice raises an error if the Checkpoint file does not exist. 11) How do you upgrade an SSIS Package? ANS: Depending on the complexity of the package.

2.C:\RK\file.Parent .2 Drag an 'Execute Package Task' in Control Flow and configure it to start package.String .1 Create parent variable FilePath . child . How would you pass a Parent variable value to Child Package? We can pass the parent variable to child package by using Package configuration: Parent Package Variable.2.txt 2.

5 "Enable Package Configuration".2.3 Go to Child Package and create a variable with same name as your parent package variable. choose Configuration type as "Parent Package Variable" and type the name of the variable. 2. .4 Add Package configurations 2.

.6 click 'Next' button and select the 'Value' property of the child package variable.2.

7 click 'Next' and 'OK' buttons 2.8 To test the package. I added sample Script Task with a messageBox to show the value of the parent package. 3. My Source Table data as follows: Output Should be as follows: How to Implement? Designed SSIS package like: .2.

The script component code: .

4. My Source Table Data as follows: Output should be as follows: .

How to Implement? .

SQL Destination Editor: .5. and there should be a property "FastLoadOptions". 2. How to pass property value at Run time? A property value like connection string for a Connection Manager can be passed to the package using package configurations.In the data flow task. Will trigger fire when inserting data through SSIS package? 1. 6. Specify FIRE_TRIGGERS as an additional option. go to the Advanced Editor of OLEDB Destination.

The Aggregate Transformation supports following operations: Group By. used to convert data lower case. etc. Average. Besides aggregate functions. upper case. What are the different types of Transformations you have worked AGGEGATE -The Aggregate transformation applies aggregate functions to column values and copies the results to the transformation output. which you can use to specify groups to aggregate across. Bulk Insert Task Editor: 7. Package Name..such as Machine Name.Adds Package and Task level Metadata . CHARACTER MAP . Package ID. Execution Instance. Count. the transformation provides the GROUP BY clause. Count Distinct.3. Sum.When it comes to string formatting in SSIS. Character Map transformation is very useful. . Maximum AUDIT . Minimum.

COPY COLUMN . DATA MINING QUERY – Used to perform data mining query against analysis services and manage Predictions Graphs and Controls.Converts columns data types from one to another type. Always SaveCheckpoints: indicates whether the package needs to save checkpoints. using xp_cmdshell command .Add a copy of column to the output. If No transaction at the upper level. 8. Supported:In any executable. IMPORT COLUMN . It stands for Explicit Column Conversion. This property must be set to True to restart a package from a point of failure.Performs the lookup (searching) of a given reference object set against a data source. Set the following Properties: CheckpointFileName: Specifies the name of the checkpoint file.Used for Pattern Matching and Ranking based on fuzzy logic.Merges two sorted data sets into a single dataset using a join.Merge multiple data sets into a single dataset. MERGE JOIN . the current executable will join the transaction. What are the different types of Transaction Options Required: If a transaction already exists at the upper level. IfExists. DATA CONVERSION . Explain about Checkpoints with properties Checkpoint is used to restart the package execution from the point of failure rather than from initial start.Merges two sorted data sets of same column structure into a single output. DERIVED COLUMN .is used to create/distribute exact copies of the source dataset to one or more destination datasets. Checkpoint mechanism uses a Text File to mark the point of package failure. Not Supported:The executable of the package do not honour any transaction ie do not join other transaction nor creates new transaction. PIVOT – Used for Normalization of data sources to reduce analomolies by converting rows into columns UNPIVOT – Used for demoralizing the data structure by converts columns into rows incase of building Data Warehouses. MERGE . UNION ALL . EXPORT COLUMN – Used to export a Image specific column from the database to a flat file. ROW COUNT . MULTI CAST . a new transaction is created automatically. 9. LOOKUP . How to execute SSIS Package from Stored Procedure. if there is a transaction at upper level. FUZZY LOOKUP . the executable join the transaction else do not create a new transaction. CheckpointUsage: Never.Stores the resulting row count from the data flow / transformation into a variable. we can later transform the copy keeping the original for auditing.CONDITIONAL SPLIT – used to split the input source data based on condition.Create a new (computed) column from given expressions. 10. It is used for exact matches only. FUZZY GROUPING – Groups the rows in the dataset that contain similar values. These checkpoint files are automatically created at a given location upon the package failure and automatically deleted once the package ends up with success. FailPackageOnFailure: property needs to be set to True for enabling the task in the checkpoint.Reads image specific column from database onto a flat file.Captures sample data by using a row count of the total rows in dataflow specified by rows or percentage. ROW SAMPLING .



Hence. SQL Agent will take the design time values for connection strings if the package configuration file is not supplied. There are 5 configuration types available with package configurations. which equates to number of physical or logical processor + 2. SSIS uses 2 properties: 1. 12. Most packages will have environment specific variables like connection string to a database or path to a flat file. 2. system testing. or user defined variables etc. Therefore. Package configurations help in managing such changes without actually opening and editing the SSIS package in Business Intelligence Development Studio (BIDS). that would be impacted while moving the package across environments as part of deployment process. While executing the job. If the package is scheduled to run through a SQL Agent job. EngineThreads: is property of each DataFlow task. the configuration file should be added while creating the job so that package will read the information from the configuration file. it is mandatory to change these environment dependent variables when the package is transferred across environments. Package configuration? Different types of Configuration Files The package can be transferred across various environments like development and unit testing.11. . setting EngineThreads to 10 means that the engine can create up to ten source threads and up to ten worker threads.MaxConcurrentExecutables: defines how many tasks can run simultaneously. The default is -1. Parallel processing in SSIS To support parallel execution of different tasks in the package. by specifying the maximum number of SSIS threads that can execute in parallel per package. After deploying the package to a different machine (using SQL Server or file system deployment mode) it is mandatory to copy the related package configuration files on to that machine. UAT and production. The EngineThreads property applies equally to both the source threads that the data flow engine creates for sources and the worker threads that the engine creates for transformations and destinations. This property defines how many threads the data flow engine can create and run in parallel.

Logging. a proprietary file format). a SQL Server relational database. Error handling in SSIS package I have created a package like below: . How to debug a package For debugging a use parent's setting of that component to decide whether or not to log the data. This property accepts 3 possible values: Enabled .to disable logging of that component UseParentSetting . What is the LoggingMode property? SSIS packages. or an XML file. the SQL Server Profiler. we have 3 options: -Setting breakpoints in a package. a Windows event log.g. container or Task -Using Data Viewer in the Data flow task -Setting Error redirection in the Data Flow task 15. 16. A log provider can be a text enable logging of that component Disabled . tasks and containers have a property called LoggingMode. you can define a custom log provider (e. 14. Different types of Logging files Logging is used to log the information during the execution of package. If necessary.


Select 'Load to sql Table' Data flow Task. Navigate to 'Even Handlers' Tab.

Drag and Drop 'Execute Sql Task'. Open the Execute Sql Task Editor and in Parameter Mapping' section, select the system variables as follows:

Create a table in Sql Server Database with Columns as: PackageID, PackageName, TaskID, TaskName, ErrorCode, ErrorDescription.

The package will be failed during the execution.

The error information is inserted into Table.

17. Difference between Merge and UnionAll Transformations The Union All transformation combines multiple inputs into one output. The transformation inputs are added to the transformation output one after the other; no reordering of rows occurs. The Merge transformation combines two sorted datasets into a single dataset. The rows from each dataset are inserted into the output based on values in their key columns. The Merge transformation is similar to the Union All transformations. Use the Union All transformation instead of the Merge transformation in the following situations: -The Source Input rows are not need to be sorted. -The combined output does not need to be sorted. -when we have more than 2 source inputs.

Bulk Insert Tasks Multicast Transformation is used to extract output from single source and places onto multiple destinations. 19. Conditional Split. by right click on the "SSIS Packages" folder of an SSIS project and selecting "Upgrade All Packages". examples: Sort. In Row Transformation.exe" from the command line (default physical location C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\100\DTS\Bin folder). Incremental Load in SSIS Using Slowly Changing Dimension Using Lookup and Cache Transformation 20. it means each recipient will have same number of records as the source whereas the Conditional Split Transformation divides the source data based on the defined conditions and if no rows match with this defined conditions those rows are put on default output. 21. When the output buffer of Transformation created a new buffer. Difference between Synchronous and Asynchronous Transformation Synchronous T/F process the input rows and passes them onto the data flow one row at a time. each value is manipulated individually. Character Map Partially Blocking Transformation: These can re-use the buffer space allocated for available Row transformation and get new buffer space allocated exclusively for Transformation. it will automatically launch the SSIS package upgrade wizard. Partially Blocking Transformation. Fully Blocking Transformation with examples. Multicast. In this transformation. Multicast Transformation generates exact copies of the source data. Other partially blocking transformations within the package. Multicast. Import. Conditional Split. Output buffer or output rows are not sync with input buffer. 2. Lookup. If you open a SSIS 2005 project in BIDS 2008. OLEDB Data Destinations Other Row transformation within the package. Audit. the buffers can be re-used for other purposes like following: OLEDB Datasource. Difference between FileSystem and Sql server Deployment File System Deployment: We can save the package on a physical location on hard drive or any shared folder with this option. Cache Transformation 23. Bulk Insert Task is used to copy the large volumn of data from text file to sql server destination. What are Row Transformations. The condition is evaluated in VB Script. examples: Merge. Sql Server Deployment: SSIS packages will be stored in the sysssispackages table of MSDB Database. Difference between Lookup and Fuzzy Lookup transformation .18. examples of Row Transformations: Copy Column. Aggregate. How to migrate Sql server 2005 Package to 2008 version 1. Conditional Split transaformation is used for splitting the input data based on a specific condition. 24. then it is Asynchronous transformation. and we should provide a full qualified path to stored package in the FileSystem option. Running "ssisupgrade. Export Column Fully Blocking Transformation: It will make use of their own reserve buffer and will not share buffer space from other transformation or connection manager. 3. 22. In BIDS.

.Lookup Transformation finds the exact match. Fuzzy Lookup transformation matches input table with reference table. It finds the closest match and indicates the quality of the match.


27. e. 28. Caching takes place before any rows are read from the data flow source. the lookup transform checks its cache for the matching values. IsDeleted etc.25. Types: Type 1 . The entire reference set is pulled into memory.preserve the change history in the dimension table and create a new row when there are changes.some combination of Type 1 and Type 2. Explain Slowly Changing Dimesnion The SCD concept is basically about how the data modifications are absorbed and maintained in a Dimension Table. The new (modified) record and the old record(s) are identified using some kind of a flag like say IsActive. When a new row comes in. Type 3 . Lookup operations will be very fast during execution. and you want to reduce the number of queries sent to the server When to use Partial cache mode: When you're processing a small number of rows and it's not worth the time to charge the full cache. Difference between Full Cache and Partial Cache Partial Cache: The lookup cache starts off empty at the beginning of the data flow. Different types of File Enumerators .update the columns in the dimension row without preserving any change history. When your data flow is adding new rows to your reference table. The database is queried once during the pre-execute phase of the data flow. the values are cached so they can be used the next time a matching row comes in. When you have a large reference table. usually maintaining multiple instances of a column in the dimension row. or using Start and End Date fields to indicate the validity of the record. When to use Full cache mode: When you're accessing a large portion of your reference set When you have a small reference table When your database is remote or under heavy load. When you want to limit the size of your reference table by modifying query with parameters from the data flow. If no match is found. Cache Transformation Cache Transformation: to cache the data used in the Lookup transform. This approach uses most of the memory. it queries the database. Full Cache: The default cache mode for lookup is Full cache. 26. Type 2 .g. a current value and one or more previous values. If the match is found at the database.

Foreach Nodelist: The Node List Enumerator enumerates the result of an XPath expression.Dts. using Microsoft. For example.Foreach ADO: The ADO Enumerator enumerates rows in a table. we can get all the files which have the *.NET Schema Rowset: The ADO.DTSExecResult results = package. . Foreach Item: The Item Enumerator enumerates the collections. For example.Runtime Application app = new Application().SqlServer. we can get the list of functions or views in a SQL Server database. For example. For example. Foreach ADO. Foreach From Variable: The Variable Enumerator enumerates objects that specified variables contain.txt extension in a windows folder and its sub folders.dll to call a package. we can get the rows in the ADO records.Runtime. null).SqlServer.Execute().Dts. we can get the table from the database. For example. Foreach SMO: The SMO Enumerator enumerates SQL Server Management Objects (SMO). 29. Package package = null. Microsoft.dtsx". Foreach File: The File Enumerator enumerates files in a folder. How to execute the package from . package = app. we can enumerate the names of executables and working directories that an “Execute Process” task uses.Net Enumerator enumerates the schema information.LoadPackage(@"C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\100\DTS\Packages\Integration Services Project2\Package.NET? We need a reference to Microsoft.ManagedDts. Here enumerator objects are nothing but an array or data table.The variable must be of Object data type.SqlServer.

Failure – Workflow will proceed when the preceding container‟s executi on results in a failure. Indicated in control flow by a solid green line.MSC console Starting SQL Server Agent Service using SQL Server Configuration Manager Starting SQL Server Agent Service using SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) 31. For example. a package can send a different e-mail message seven times. What are precedence constraints A task will only execute if the condition that is set by the precedence constraint preceding the task is met. a package can group tasks that delete and add rows in a database table. For Loop Container This container runs a Control Flow repeatedly by checking conditional expression (same as For Loop in programming language). By using these constraints. Container Type Container Description Purpose of SSIS Container To repeat tasks for each element in a collection. and then commit or roll back all the tasks when one fails. To repeat tasks until a specified expression evaluates to false. How to schedule a package (Role of Sql Server Agent) In order for the job to run successfully. Foreach Loop Container This container runs a Control Flow repeatedly using an enumerator. . We can start the SQL Server Agent Services in numerous ways like:    Starting SQL Server Agent Service from Command Line Starting SQL Server Agent Service from Services. one time for every day of the week. For example. Containers support repeating control flows in packages and they group tasks and containers into meaningful units of work. running T-SQL statements that reside in multiple files. the SQL Server agent should be running on the target machine. for example retrieve files from a folder.30. Sequence Container Groups tasks as well as containers into Control Flows that are subsets of the package Control Flow. Containers can include other containers in addition to tasks. or running a command for multiple objects. What are containers? (For loop. 32. Sequence Container) SSIS Containers are controls that provide structure to SSIS packages. Indicated in control flow by a solid red line. This container group tasks and containers that must succeed or fail as a will choose different execution paths depending on the success or failure of other tasks. Success – Workflow will proceed when the preceding container executes successfully.

Hence select only those columns which are required at the destination. then Transfer and load the data into Destination Table.g. required transformations are done in the buffer itself and then written to Destination. Even if we need all the columns from source. Indicated in control flow by a solid color line along with a small „fx‟ icon next to it. Data Access Mode – This setting provides the 'fast load' option which internally uses a BULK INSERT statement for uploading data into the destination table instead of a simple INSERT statement (for each single row) as in the case for other options. 3. 33. success=green. we get sorted rows from datasource using ORDER By clause. Keep Identity – By default this setting is unchecked which means the destination table (if it has an identity column) will create identity values on its own. Indicated in control flow by a solid blue line. regardless of success or failure. 2. Expression/Constraint with Logical AND – Workflow will proceed when specified expression and constraints evaluate to true. don't change this default value of fast load.Completion – Workflow will proceed when the preceding container‟s execution completes. If you check this setting. If you select the 'fast load' option. there are also a couple of other settings which you can use as discussed below. The estimated row size is equal to the maximum size of all columns in the row. Indicated in control flow by a dotted color line along with a small „fx‟ icon next to it. Keep Nulls – Again by default this setting is unchecked which means default value will be inserted (if the default constraint is defined on the target column) during insert into the destination table if NULL value is coming from the source for that particular column. success=green. Sort T/F required all the incoming rows to be arrivaed before start processing. completion=blue). Color of line depends on logical constraint chosen (e. Expression/Constraint with Logical OR – Workflow will proceed when either the specified expression or the logical constraint (success/failure/completion) evaluates to true. we should use the column name specifically in the SELECT statement. Pulling High Volumes of Data Drop all Non-Clustered Indexes and Clustered Index if exists. Color of line depends on logical constraint chosen (e.g. Create Clustered Index and Non-clustered indexes. So the more columns in a row means less number of rows in a buffer. Performance Optimization in SSIS 1. The size of buffer depends on the estimated row size. Effect of OLEDB Destination Settings There are couple of settings with OLEDB destination which can impact the performance of data transfer as listed below. When data transfer from Source to Destination. Avoid Asynchronous Transformation (Sort T/F) wherever possible. otherwise it takes another round for the source to gather meta-data about the columns when u are using SELECT *. . Avoid SELECT * DataFlow Task uses buffer oriented architecture for data transfer and transformation. completion=blue). If you check this option then default constraint on the destination table's column will be ignored and preserved NULL of the source column will be inserted into the destination. So unless you have a reason for changing it. Instead of using Sort T/F. the dataflow engine will ensure that the source identity values are preserved and same value is inserted into the destination table. the data first comes into the buffer. 4.

If the size exceeds the DefaultBufferMaxSize then it reduces the rows in the buffer. It means the size of a buffer can be as small as 64 KB and as large as 100 MB. The number of buffer created is dependent on how many rows fit into a buffer and how many rows fit into a buffer dependent on few other factors. This property specifies the default maximum size of a buffer. This setting specifies that the dataflow pipeline engine will validate the incoming data against the constraints of target table. For better buffer performance you can do two things. Check Constraints – Again by default this setting is checked and recommendation is to un-check it if you are sure that the incoming data is not going to violate constraints of the destination table. but at the same time it will release the pressure on the transaction log and tempdb to grow specifically during high volume data transfers. So it is recommended to set these values to an optimum value based on your environment.Effect of Rows Per Batch and Maximum Insert Commit Size Settings: Rows per batch: The default value for this setting is -1 which specifies all incoming rows will be treated as a single batch. It specifies a table lock will be acquired on the destination table instead of acquiring multiple row level locks. The second consideration is the DefaultBufferMaxSize property of the data flow task. The default value is 10 MB and its upper and lower boundaries are constrained by two internal properties of SSIS which are MaxBufferSize (100MB) and MinBufferSize (64 KB). which is the sum of the maximum sizes of all the columns from the incoming records. Changing the default value for this setting will put overhead on the dataflow engine to commit several times.Table Lock – By default this setting is checked and the recommendation is to let it be checked unless the same table is being used by some other process at same time. the transaction log and tempdb will keep on growing during the extraction process and if you are transferring a high volume of data the tempdb will soon run out of memory as a result of this your extraction will fail. The third factor is. For example if you leave 'Max insert commit size' to its default. DefaultBufferMaxRows which is again a property of data flow task which specifies the default number of rows in a buffer. You can specify a positive value for this setting to indicate that commit will be done for those number of records.DefaultBufferSize and DefaultBufferMaxRows : The execution tree creates buffers for storing incoming rows and performing transformations. The above two settings are very important to understand to improve the performance of tempdb and the transaction log. The allowed value is only positive integer which specifies the maximum number of rows in a batch. The first consideration is the estimated row size. Yes that is true. Its default value is 10000. #7 . You can change this default behavior and break all incoming rows into multiple batches. which could turn into lock escalation problems. Maximum insert commit size: The default value for this setting is '2147483647' (largest value for 4 byte integer type) which specifies all incoming rows will be committed once on successful completion. If you un-check this option it will improve the performance of the data load. #5 . .

So how will you get this package running in this common scenario? To help you in this scenario. Among them. early validation will be skipped and the component will be validated only at the component level (late validation) which is during package execution 9. the following few are helpful when you tune or debug your package: Buffers in use Flat buffers in use Private buffers in use Buffers spooled Rows read Rows written “Buffers in use”. it adversely impacts performance. if your system has sufficient memory available. 11. the first component has not yet executed. But once the package finishes execution. which is being referenced by the second component of the package. During package validation.e. which validates the components of the package once started. Second SSIS uses component validation (late validation). If you set it to TRUE. First is package validation (early validation) which validates the package and all its components before starting the execution of the package. first thoroughly testing in your environment and set the values appropriately. select SQL Server:SSIS Pipeline and SQL Server:SSIS Service. Let's consider a scenario where the first component of the package creates an object i. When to use events logging and when to avoid.How DelayValidation property can help you SSIS uses two types of validation. a temporary table. During package execution time. SSIS provide a set of performance counters. every component has a DelayValidation (default=FALSE) property. their values should return to the same value as what they were before the execution. . Beware if you change the values of these properties to a point where page spooling (see Best Practices #8) begins. Load the SSIS related Counters In the Performance Object. Start -> All Programs -> Administrative Tools -> Performance 2. This will enable you to accommodate as many rows as possible in the buffer. especially if your source is flat file.First you can remove unwanted columns from the source and set data type in each column appropriately. which could improve performance. you can tune these properties to have a small number of large buffers. “Flat buffers in use” and “Private buffers in use” are useful to discover leaks. buffers are leaked. Better performance with parallel execution 10. we will see these counters fluctuating. Otherwise. Second. #8 . so no object has been created causing a package validation failure when validating the second component. SSIS will throw a validation exception and will not start the package execution. So before you set a value for these properties. Monitoring the SSIS Performance with Performance Counters Launch Performance Monitor: 1.

date and time types if the conversion does not have to be locale-sensitive. In a case like this. It will speed up parsing of integer. 12.“Buffers spooled” has an initial value of 0. set Data Flow Task properties BLOBTempStoragePath and BufferTempStoragePath appropriately for maximal I/O bandwidth. This option is set on a per-column basis using the Advanced Editor for the flat file source. When it goes above 0. FastParse property Fast Parse option in SSIS can be used for very fast loading of flat file data. If the data flow engine runs low on physical memory. Buffers Spooled: The number of buffers currently written to the disk. it indicates that the engine has started memory swapping. buffers not currently used are written to disk and then reloaded when needed. . “Rows read” and “Rows written” show how many rows the entire Data Flow has processed.

and tasks into an ordered control flow. 1. containers. Upgrade DTS package to SSIS 1. OnExecStatusChanged : Runs for all tasks and containers when the execution status changes to In Process. Specifty the Log file for Package Migration. We use precedence constraints to connect the tasks and containers in a package. Events in SSIS OnError : Runs when a task or container reports an error.Tasks are run in series if connected with precedence or in parallel. and Data Destinations are the three important categories in the Data Flow. select 'Migrate DTS 2000 Package' 2. 3. OnPreExecute : Runs just before a container or task is executed. In the Package Migration Wizard. Data Sources. orders. 2. the transformations that modify and extend data. SSIS provides three different types of control flow elements: Containers that provide structures in packages. A data flow consists of the sources and destinations that extract and load data. OnQueryCancel : Invoked when an Execute SQL Task is cancelled through manual intervention. Sql Server 2000 Server Name. OnInformation : Runs when SSIS outputs information messages during the validation and execution of a task or container. Tasks that provide functionality.Control flow consists of one or more tasks and containers that execute when the package runs. Select the List of packages that needs to be upgraded to SSIS 4. OnPostValidate : Executes after a container or task has successfully been validated. from the Project Menu. such as stopping the package. choose the Source. OnTaskFailed : Similar to OnError. Success. and runs the data flow. Destination folder. OnProgress : Executed when a progress message is sent by the SSIS engine. The Data Flow task is the executable within the SSIS package that creates. . OnWarning Runs: when a task returns a warning event such as a column not being used in a data flow. OnPostExecute : Runs after a container or task successfully completes. but runs when a task fails rather than each time an error occurs. or Failed. 36. indicating tangible advancement of the task or container. and the paths that link sources. transformations.Control flow does not move data from task to task. and destinations. 3. and Precedence Constraints that connect the executables.13. Checkpoint features helps in package restarting 34. 35. OnPreValidate: Runs before the component is validated by the engine. In BIDS. Difference between Control Flow and Data Flow 1. Transformations. OnVariableValueChanged: Runs when the value changes in a variable for which the RaiseChangeEvent property is set to True.

. SQL Server or an SSIS Package Store. provide the folder location where you want the SSIS package to be deployed within the OutputPath. Click OK to save the changes in the property page. the deployment bundle is the Bin\Deployment folder. as such. Test the SSIS package execution by running the package from BIDS: -In Solution Explorer. The first step to setting up the proxy is to create a credential (alternatively you could use an existing credential). select Build option under the Configuration Properties node and in the right side panel. Navigate to Security then Credentials in SSMS Object Explorer and right click to create a new credential Navigate to SQL Server Agent then Proxies in SSMS Object Explorer and right click to create a new proxy 38. How to execute a Stored Procedure from SSIS using Execute SQL Task 39. 2: Running the Package Installation Wizard . The syntax to execute a SSIS package which is stored in a File System is shown below. Using the Execute Package Utility (DTEXECUI.In the SSIS Property Pages dialog box. How to deploy packages from one server to another server 1. right click the SSIS project folder that contains the package which you want to run and then click properties. You can also launch DTEXECUI from a Command Prompt then specify the package to execute. -Right click the package within Solution Explorer and select Execute Package option from the drop down menu 4. 37.EXE /F "C:\BulkInsert\BulkInsertTask.2. If you used the default location. their success or Failure effects how your control flow operates 3. Using the DTEXEC. You can launch DTEXECUI by double-clicking on an SSIS package file (. 2.To copy the deployment bundle Locate the deployment bundle on the first server. DTEXEC. DTEXECUI provides a graphical user interface that can be used to specify the various options to be set when executing an SSIS package.EXE) graphical interface one can execute an SSIS package that is stored in a File System. SQL Server or an SSIS Package Store. but there are also tasks in the control flow. Right click on the Jobs node and select New Job from the popup menu. Right-click the Deployment folder and click Copy. Sql Server Agent: Drill down to the SQL Server Agent node in the Object Explorer.EXE command line utility one can execute an SSIS package that is stored in a File System. Data flows move data. Data is moved and manipulated through transformations. Locate the public share to which you want to copy the folder on the target computer and click Paste. 4.dtsx" 3.dtsx). Data is passed between each component in the data flow. Different ways to execute SSIS package 1.

4. Project1. 3. How to deploy a package Right click on the Solution in Solution Explorer and choose properties in the Menu. specify (local). locate the deployment bundle. 6. select Use Windows Authentication. select the "Validate packages after installation" check box. 10. On the Specify Target SQL Server page. otherwise. In the Deployment folder. 2. click Browse. the Configure Packages page opens. click Next. On the Deploy SSIS Packages page. . Verify that the "Rely on server storage for encryption" check box is cleared. and then click Next. 9. in the Server name box. On the Confirm Installation page. select Use SQL Server Authentication and provide a user name and a password. Click Next. select either File sytem or SQL Server deployment option. On the Welcome page of the Package Installation Wizard. click Next. On the destination computer. 40. double-click the manifest file. The wizard installs the packages. If the instance of SQL Server supports Windows Authentication. 7. After installation is completed. 8. 5. On the Select Installation Folder page.SSISDeploymentManifest.1.


The Package Installation wizard begins and Deploy SSIS Packages step is the first screen that is presented. . navigate to the directory is referred in DeploymentOutputPath Deploying the Package: Double click the Manifest File to start the deployment.When the build /rebuild is successful.

deploying in SQL Server is more secure.This screen lets you select where shall the packages be deployed. as mentioned in the Dialog Box. . since SQL Server stores the packages internally compared to File System where additional security measures needs to taken to secure the physical files.



Column Chart . What is the use of Percentage Sampling transformation in SSIS? Percentage Sampling transformation is generally used for data mining. This transformation builds a random sample of set of output rows by choosing specified percentage of input rows. It extracts terms from text in a transformation input column and then writes the terms to a transformation output column. What is the use of Term Extraction transformation in SSIS? Term Extraction transformation is used to extract nouns or noun phrases or both noun and noun phrases only from English text. Scatter Plot 4. Grid 2. It can be also used to find out the content of a dataset. What is Data Viewer and what are the different types of Data Viewers in SSIS? A Data Viewer allows viewing data at a point of time at runtime. 42.41. For example if the input has 1000 rows and if I specify 10 as percentage sample then the transformation returns 10% of the RANDOM records from the input data. 43. The different types of data viewers are: 1. Histogram 3.

What is Ignore Failure option in SSIS? In Ignore Failure option. VersionID : GUID version of the package 5. Let‟s say you have some JUNK data(wrong type of data ) flowing from source. 46. 45. UserName . the error will be ignored and the data row will be directed to continue on the next transformation.44. Auditing options that you can add to transformed data through this transformation are : 1. then using this option in SSIS we can REDIRECT the junk data records to another transformation instead of FAILING the package. PackageID : ID of the package 3. This helps to MOVE only valid data to destination and JUNK can be captured into separate file. How do we convert data type in SSIS? The Data Conversion Transformation in SSIS converts the data type of an input column to a different data type. MachineName 7. PackageName : Name of the Package 4. Execution of Instance GUID : ID of execution instance of the package 2. Explain Audit Transformation ? It allows you to add auditing information. Execution StartTime 6.

File System: We can save the package on a physical location on hard drive or any shared folder with this option. How to provide security to packages? We can provide security to packages in 2 ways 1. as the package developer) taste. DonotSaveSensitive: any sensitive information is simply not written out . 48. TaskName 9. in the sysssispackages table. Sql Server: SSIS packages will be stored in the MSDB database. and we should provide a full qualified path to stored package in the FileSystem option.8. as you can see when you connect to SSIS through SSMS: it looks like a store which has categorized its contents (packages) into different categories based on its manager‟s (which is you. don‟t get it wrong as something different from the 2 types of package deployment. what are the possible locations to save SSIS package? 1. 47. Password protection 1. SSIS Package Store is nothing but combination of SQL Server and File System deployment. TaskID : unique identifier type of the data flow task that contains audit transformation. So. Package encryption 2. 2.

The FTP connection manager includes the server settings. Remove Local Directory. EncryptSensitiveWithPassword: requires to specify a password in the package. before or after moving data. Create Local directory. SSIS packages are saved to MSDB database of SQL Server. EncryptAllWithUserKey: allows to encrypt the entire contents of the SSIS package by using the user key. a package can download data files from a remote server.Set the "EvaluateasExpression" property of the variable as True. 3. 6. At run time. Create Remote Directory. Downloading files from an FTP location and applying transformations to column data before loading the data into a database.Set the "RaiseChangedEvent" property of the variable as True. 3. It is the default value for the ProtectionLevel property. the FTP task connects to a server by using an FTP connection manager. 1. EncryptAllWithPassword: allows to encrypt the entire contents of the SSIS package with your specified password. You can change the Protection Level of deployed packages by using the DTUTIL utility. 5. Predefined FTP Operations: Send Files. It does not support Windows Authentication. The FTP connection manager supports only anonymous authentication and basic authentication. the package XML file when you save the package. 49. use the FTP task for the following purposes: 1. Server Storage: allows the package to retain all sensitive information when you are saving the package to SQL Server. 2. and applying transformations to the data. 4. Receive File. Copying directories and data files from one directory to another. 2. 2. Remove Remote Directory Delete Local Files. Delete Remote File Customer Log Entries available on FTP Task: FTPConnectingToServer FTPOperation . and this password will be used to encrypt and decrypt the sensitive information in the package. EncryptSensitiveWithUserKey: encrypts sensitive information based on the credentials of the user who created the package. How to track a variable in ssis? OnVariableValueChanged: This event gets raised when value of the variable is changed.Create an event handler for the "OnVariableValueChanged" event for the container in which the variable is scoped. the credentials for accessing the FTP server. and options such as the time-out and the number of retries for connecting to the server. FTP Task: The FTP task downloads and uploads data files and manages directories on servers. For example.

After a package is opened. Shared Connection Managers: To create connection managers at the project level that can shared by multiple packages in the project. 5. The connection manager you create at the project level is automatically visible in the Connection Managers tab of the SSIS Designer window for all packages. This is equivalent to ISNULL in T-SQL: REPLACENULL(expression. delimiter_string. you can also turn off a connection by right-clicking the connection manager in the Connection Managers area and then clicking Work Offline. CDC (Change Data Capture) Task and Components . delimiter_string) 6.number) REPLACENULL: You can use this function to replace NULL values in the first argument with the expression specified in the second argument. updated rows and deleted rows. -When converting shared connection managers back to regular (package) connection managers. expression) TOKEN: This function allows you to return a substring by using delimiters to separate a string into tokens and then specifying which occurrence to return: TOKEN(character_expression. based on the LSN it for from the CDC task. they disappear in all other packages.-Sort packages by name -Package visualization -Zoom -Data flow source/destination wizard -Grouping in data flow 2.-CDC is nothing but Incremental load loads all rows that have changed since the last load -CDC needs to keep track of which changes have already been processed. This helps to reduce the delay in validating the package data flow. Offline Connection Managers: Integration Services now validates all connections before validating all of the data flow components when a package is opened and sets any connections that are slow or unavailable to work offline. 4. column remapping is sometimes needed -SSIS 2012 maps columns on name instead of id -It also has an improved remapping dialog 7. New Functions/Expressions in SSIS 2012: LEFT: You now can easily return the leftmost portion of a string rather than use the SUBSTRING function. Easy Column Remapping in Data Flow (Mapping Data Flow Columns) -When modifying a data flow. -CDC task does this by storing LSNs in a tracking table -CDC source component reads from the CDC table function.51.-The Flat File connection manager now supports parsing files with embedded qualifiers. New features in SSIS 2012 1. The connection manager also by default always checks for row delimiters to enable the correct parsing of files with rows that are missing column fields. . Left syntax is the same as we know in TSQL: LEFT(character_expression. This can speed up operations in the SSIS Designer. 3. Flat File Connection Manager Changes . occurrence) TOKENCOUNT: This function uses delimiters to separate a string into tokens and then returns the count of tokens found within the string: TOKENCOUNT(character_expression. GUI Improvements . -CDC transformation splits records into new rows. and embedded qualifiers. The Flat File Source now supports a varying number of columns.

ComponentMetaData myMetaData. In 2012 these tasks are much more robust and reliable.0. transformation.) Purpose A Script task can accomplish almost any generalpurpose task. The Script component raises errors. and Expressions. For example: Dts. Undo/Redo: One thing that annoys users in SSIS before 2012 is lack of support of Undo and Redo. "Event Snippet".Events. or destination in the Data Flow task. The Script task uses the Events property of the Dts object to raise events..CrLf & ex. Raising Results The Script task uses both the TaskResult property and the optional ExecutionValue property of the Dts object to notify the runtime of its results. Breakpoints are supported in Script Component 9. and ScriptLanguage properties directly affect the code that you can write. it only runs once. Script. For example: Dim myMetadata as IDTSComponentMetaData100 myMetaData = Me. The metadata and properties that you configure on each of these pages determines the members of the base classes that are autogenerated for your use in coding. they will not consume excessive memory when the multiple inputs produce data at uneven rates. . Script. Difference between Script Task and Script Component in SSIS. and informational messages by using the methods of the IDTSComponentMetaData100 interface returned by the ComponentMetaData property. you can‟t undo that. A Script component also runs once. ex. Script Component The Script component is configured on the Data Flow page of the designer and represents a source. used a lot of system resources and could be a memory hog.StackTrace Raising Events Execution A Script task runs custom code at some point in the package workflow. Reduced Memory Usage by the Merge and Merge Join Transformations – The old SSIS Merge and Merge Join transformations. and Connection Managers. Once you performed an operation.-ODBC was not natively supported in 2008 -SSIS 2012 has ODBC source & destination -SSIS 2008 could access ODBC via ADO. 11.FireError(0. we can see the support of undo/redo. The Script component runs as a part of the Data Flow task and does not report results using either of these properties.. You must specify whether you want to create a source. Script Task Control Flow/Date Flow The Script task is configured on the Control Flow tab of the designer and runs outside the data flow of the package. Only the ReadOnlyVariables and ReadWriteVariables.Message & ControlChars.8. Editor The Script Task Editor has three pages: General. 52. Scripting Enhancements: Now Script task and Script Component support for 4. Inputs and Outputs. Unless you put it in a loop container or an event handler. ODBC Source and Destination . but typically it runs its main processing routine once for each row of data in the data flow. although helpful.FireError(. warnings. The Script Transformation Editor has up to four pages: Input Columns.NET 10. or destination with the Script component. transformation. Now in SSIS 2012. Most importantly.

Using Variables The Script task uses the Variables property of the Dts object to access variables that are available through the task‟s ReadOnlyVariables and ReadWriteVariables properties. The PreExecute method can access only read-only variables. features such as variables and connection managers. From BIDS.Variables["MyStringVariable"].Value. 53.cfg" 55.MyADONETConnection. you use typed property to access other features of the package. The accessor properties to access certain package Dts property is a member of the ScriptMain class. drag and drop an "Execute Process Task" to the control flow and configure.MyStringVariable. myFlatFileConnection = (Dts.Interaction with the Package In the code written for a Script task. In the Execute Process. To execute an SSIS package that is saved in the file system and configured externally: dtexec /f "c:\pkgOne. The Script component uses typed accessor properties of the autogenerated base class. 54.Variables. myVar = this. Message box in active-x scripts.NET scripting.connMgr = this. Message box in .dtsx" 3. created from the component‟s ReadOnlyVariables and ReadWriteVariables properties. The Script component uses typed accessor properties of the autogenerated based class. you use the Dts In Script component code. To execute an SSIS package saved to the File System folder in the SSIS Package Store: dtexec /dts "\File System\MyPackage" 4.Transaction) as String).Connections["Test Flat File Connection"]. . myVar = Dts.ToString(). Better error handling. To execute an SSIS package that is saved in the file system: dtexec /f "c:\pkgOne. To execute an SSIS package saved to SQL Server using Windows Authentication: dtexec /sq pkgOne /ser productionServer 2. For example: string myFlatFileConnection. Using The Script task uses the Connections property of the Connections Dts object to access connection managers defined in the package.AcquireConnection(Dts. For example: IDTSConnectionManager100 connMgr.Connections. How to unzip a File in SSIS? Use Execute Process Task in the Control Flow. The PostExecute method can access both readonly and read/write variables. For example: string myVar. SSIS: More number of transformations.dtsx" /conf "c:\pkgOneConfig. How to execute package from command line 1. perform the following configurations: Executable: The path of the application that is being used. For example: string myVar.Difference between DTS and SSIS? DTS: Limited number of transformations. Limited error handling. created from the list of connection managers entered by the user on the Connection Managers page of the editor.

the tasks that you configure inside the Foreach Loop container read those values from the variables and perform some action with them. 58. Difference between OLEDB Destination. where as SQL Server destination loads all the records at one go. Working Directory: The current directory for all process. OLEDB Destination uses the 'Fast Load' data access mode. How to run dynamic T-SQL in SSIS? Option#1: Using Script Component as Destination Option#2: Using Object Variable and run t-sql with Execute SQL Task 60. 56. . OLEDB destination loads the records in batches. Then. Bulk Insert 1. Transfer Database Task used to move a database to another SQL Server instance or create a copy on the same instance (with different database name). Delay Validation. it saves data in memory in a recordset that is stored in variable of the Object data type. Online. 3. Forced Execution Delay Validation: Validation take place during the package execution.which services are installed during Sql Server installation SSIS SSAS SSRS SQL Server (MSSQLSERVER) SQL Server Agent Service SQL Server Browser SQL Full-Text 59. Prefer the OLE-DB Destination simply because it gives better flexibility on where you execute the package. Early Validation: Validation take place just before the package execution. The Bulk Insert task uses the T-SQL BULK INSERT statement for speed when loading large amounts of data. What is the use of RecordSet Destination? The Recordset destination does not save data to an external data source.Arguments: Need to supply the arguments to extract the zipped files. 61. which service requires to start a job SQL Server Agent Service 57. After the Recordset destination saves the data. The Foreach ADO enumerator saves the value from each column of the current row into a separate package variable. we use a Foreach Loop container with the Foreach ADO enumerator to process one row of the recordset at a time. SQL Server destination uses shared memory for maximum loading speed. This task works in two modes: Offline. 2. 62. must execute on the same server as the database engine. Instead. SQL Destination.

the source database is detached from the source server after putting it in single user mode. stored procedures. You can transfer tables. In this mode. views. the database is online during the copy and move operation. ndf and ldf files are moved to specified network location. but a disadvantage with mode is that the source database will not available during copy and move operation. This mode is faster. the person executing the package with this mode must be sysadmin on both source and destination instances. User defined functions. Transfer SQL Server Object Task Used to transfer one or more SQL Server objects to a different database. Indexes.Offline: In this mode. . Also. On the destination server the copies are taken from the network location to the destination server and then finally both databases are attached on the source and destination servers. Someone executing the package with this mode must be either sysadmin or database owner of the specified databases. copies of the mdf. Users. Online: The task uses SMO to transfer the database objects to the destination server. 63. Roles etc. but it will take longer as it has to copy each object from the database individually. either on the same or another SQL Server instance.


in the Input Columns tab. If you set this property to TRUE for task or container. delete all breakpoints and disable all breakpoints go to the Debug menu and click on the respective menu item. You can even specify different conditions to hit the breakpoint as well. Enter the following: ="javascript:void(window. For example OnPreExecute. 3. OnError events. click on 'Edit Breakpoint' menu and from the Set Breakpoint window. How to pass parameter from Report Viewer Control to sub report? 3. etc. SSRS Interview Questions and Answers 1. How to Generate an Auto Incremental Number in a SSIS Package? A script component can be used for the designated task. To toggle a breakpoint. use the "Jump to URL" option. OnPostExecute. let's pop up a simple non parameterized report. Open the expression screen (Fx button). 2. Add a column with an integer data type. Select the column which is to pass through the script component. Instead of using the "Jump to Report" option on the Navigation tab. Follow these instructions: 1. you specify when you want execution to be halted/paused. Eg: Country --> State --> City 2. How do u implement Cascading parameter? The list of values for one parameter depends on the value chosen in preceding parameter. If you set this property value to FALSE then the event handlers will once again be executed. tasks and containers have a property called DisableEventHandlers. Breakpoint in SSIS? A breakpoint allows you to pause the execution of the package in BIDS during development or when troubleshooting an SSIS'http://servername?%2freportserver%2fpatht o%2freport&rs:Command=Render'))" . Non-parameterized Solution To get started. 3.64. What is the DisableEventHandlers property used for? SSIS packages. You can right click on the task in control flow. How to open another report in a new window from existing report? Use a little javascript with a customized URL in the "Jump to URL" option of the Navigation tab. 4. The steps are as follows: 1. Drag and drop the Script Document to the Data flow and select the Script Component Type as Transformation. 66. 65. then all event handlers will be disabled for that task or container. Double click the Script Component. in the Inputs and Outputs tab. 2.

open('http://servername/reportserver?%2fpathto%2frepor t&rs:Command=Render&ProductCode="+Fields!ProductCode. "#F1E7D6".Length) count = count + 1 mapping. "#B8341B". click Report => Report Properties => Code and copy below code: Private colorPalette As String() = { "Blue".Add(groupingValue. You can think of it like this: http://servername/reportserver?%2fpathto%2freport&rs:Command=Render&Produc tCode=Fields!ProductCode. 7. We can have Nested Tables. Can we have Table within a Table in SSRS report? Yes. "Red". "#352F26".Value The exact syntax in the "Jump to URL" (Fx) expression window will be: ="javascript:void(window."#A59D93". "#CFBA9B"} Private count As Integer = 0 Private mapping As New System. 6.4. then save and deploy the report. you might hard code that like this: http://servername/reportserver?%2fpathto%2freport&rs:Command=Render&Produc tCode=123 In this case. How to apply stylesheet to SSRS Reports select Report->Report Properties from the menu and then click the Code tab. you want to pass variables dynamically. "Gold". "#E16C56".GetColor(Fields!Year.Value) Here Fields!Year. "Green".Collections.Value is a field of dataset which is used as Chart Category fields. Now write following expression in the Color expression: =code. Function StyleElement (ByVal Element As String) As String . select Series Properties and select the Fill option from left side. To do so. c) Return c End Function STEP2: In the Pie Chart. Parameterized Solution Assume you have a field called ProductCode. Normally. How to apply custom Colors of chart report? STEP1: Create your custome color palette in the report using Custom Code in your report. Click OK twice.Value+"'))" 4. using an available value from the source dataset.Hashtable() Public Function GetColor(ByVal groupingValue As String) As String If mapping. "Teal". How to pass parameter from chart to Table in same report? 5.ContainsKey(groupingValue) Then Return mapping(groupingValue) End If Dim c As String = colorPalette(count Mod colorPalette.

When you implement a filter within the report. The data type of filtered data and value must match. Dynamic Grouping in SSRS Can be done using expressions. Optimization of Report Report can be optimized in terms of Grouping. and then on the group. 10. the Report Server uses cached data rather than returning to the database server. in top-down order for group hierarchies. To add a filter. The Data will be fetched based on parameters at the database level using WHERE condition in the query. Report can be optimized through Caching. or a data grouping. Case e Elsese Return "Black”k” End Select End Function Now apply this function to the style property of an element on the report. less data is sent from the source database server to the Report Server . The total time to generate a report (RDL) can be divided into 3 elements: Time to retrieve the data (TimeDataRetrieval). when the report is re-executed again with different parameter choices.StyleElement("TABLE_HEADER_TEXT") If you want apply dynamic styles to report.Value where TABLE_HEADER_TEXT is a value in the table. Snapshot and subscriptions. Filters. Parameters are applied at the database level. and then on the data region. example: =Fields!TABLE_HEADER_TEXT.usually a good thing. we must specify a filter equation (expression). Using a Dataset Filter is the most efficient method. specify the Stored Procedure. Filters are applied at run time first on the dataset. Dynamic sorting. Report Filter: This includes filtering after the source query has come back – on a data region (like the Tablix). first the data will be fetched from the database. =code. 9. 1. Different types of Filters The 2 types of filters in SSRS are: Dataset Filter: Filtering within the source query. 8.Select Case UCase(Element) Case "TABLE_HEADER_BG" Return "Red" Case "TABLE_FOOTER_BG" Return "Green" Case "TABLE_HEADER_TEXT" Return "White"t. Create a Dataset. Difference between Filter and Parameter? Which one is better? In case of Filters. Parameters are better than Filters in performance. 11. When you implement a filter within the data set. then the Filters are applied on the fetched data. . then create tables in sql server and insert style information into the tables.

Rendering of the report can take a while if the result set is very big. Image control in SSRS An image is a report item that contains a reference to an image that is stored on the report server. Look very critical if such a big result set is necessary. TimeDataRetrieval + TimeProcessing + TimeRendering as [total time]. TimeProcessing. parameters. 3. 7. ORDER BY in the dataset differs from the ORDER BY in the Tablix\list. 4. The number of rows and columns for groups is determined by the number of unique values for each row and column groups. display the States in bold. Sometimes you will see more queries being executed than you expected. 5. A lot of times new datasets are added during building of reports. In which scenario you used Matrix Report Use a matrix to display aggregated data summaries. This will avoid the retrieval of all details in 95 % of the situations. Report Designer MIME-encodes the image and stores it as text in . 12. Avoid dataset with result sets with a lot of records like more than 1000 records. Sometimes a dataset contains more columns than used in the Tablix\list. SELECT TOP 10 Itempath. similar to a PivotTable or crosstab. Use the SQL Profiler to see which queries are executed when the report is generated.Source. Check if all datasets are still being used. When you embed an image. This information can be found in the table ExecutionLogStorage in the ReportServer database. Use the SQL Profiler to measure the performance of all datasets (Reads. TimeDataRetrieval. Use the SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) to analyze the execution plan of every dataset. I have 'State' column in report. AdditionalInfo FROM ExecutionLogStorage ORDER BY Timestart DESC 2. [RowCount]. If details are used in only 5 % of the situations. Every dataset in the report will be executed. Remove all datasets which are not used anymore. For instance. It is not useful to do it in both. You need to decide where the data will be sorted. Image Source : Embedded Local report images are embedded in the report and then referenced.Time to process the report (TimeProcessing) Time to render the report (TimeRendering) Total time = (TimeDataRetrieval) + (TimeProcessing) + (TimeRendering) These 3 performance components are logged every time for which a deployed report is executed. If an index is available use the ORDER BY in your dataset. CPU and Duration). datasets for available parameter values. 6. Use only required columns in the Dataset. 14. or stored in a database. create another report to display the details. In that scenario do the group by already in your dataset. ByteCount. Assam should be in bold) 13. TimeRendering. It can be done within SQL Server with an ORDER BY clause or in by the Reporting server engine. whose State name starts with letter 'A' (eg: Andhra pradesh. grouped in rows and columns. This will save a lot of data transfer to the SQL Server and it will save the reporting server engine to group the result set. embedded within the report. A lot of times data is GROUPED in the report without an Drill down option.

Image Source : Database If we add images that are stored in a database to report then such image is known . the image source is set to External and the value for the image is the URL to the image.the report definition. Image Source : External When you use an external image in a report. When to Use: When image is embedded locally within the report. External File Share or Web Site. When to Use: When images are stored in a File System. When you are required to store all images within the report definition.

When you specify a dataset field that is bound to a database field that contains an image. we have upload option to upload the reports. 16. 2. When to use: When image is stored in a Database. You can use one of the following applications to create a shared dataset: 1. 18. . Providing the Security to the reports. What is a Shared Dataset Shared datasets retrieve data from shared data sources that connect to external data sources. On the General tab. and then click Tablix Properties. Data-bound images can also be displayed from binary data (BLOB) stored in a database. deploy it to a report server or SharePoint site. Upload a shared dataset definition (. data options such as case sensitivity. How to upload a report to report server In the Report Manager. where "FirstName" should in bold fornt and "LastName" should be in normal font. Delivering the reports through E-mail or File Share using the subscriptions. you must use an application that creates a shared dataset definition file (. not embedded data sources. To publish a shared dataset. To create a shared dataset. an uploaded file is not validated against the schema until the shared dataset is cached or used in a report. Report Designer in BIDS: Create shared datasets under the Shared Dataset folder in Solution Explorer. or corner handle of a tablix data region. 2. select Header should remain visible while scrolling. The shared dataset definition includes a query. under Row Headers or Column Headers.rsd) file. How to Keep Headers Visible When Scrolling Through a Report? 1. Role of Report Manager Deploying the reports onto the web server. Shared datasets use only shared data sources. How do u display the partial text in bold format in textbox in Report? (eg: FirstName LastName. You can upload a file to the report server or SharePoint site. a data-bound image. column. 15. dataset parameters including default values. The dataset query can include dataset parameters. Right-click the row.) Use PlaceHolder 19. and dataset filters. Creating the Cached and Snapshot Reports.rsd). A shared dataset contains a query to provide a consistent set of data for multiple reports. Report Builder: Use shared dataset design mode and save the shared dataset to a report server or SharePoint site. On a SharePoint site.

2. and then clickAdvanced Mode. The Row Groups pane displays the hierarchical static and . Click OK.3. The Grouping pane displays the row and column groups. On the right side of the Grouping pane. click the row or column handle of the tablix data region to select it. click the down arrow. On the design surface. To keep a static tablix member (row or column) visible while scrolling 1.

4. In the Properties pane.dynamic members for the row groups hierarchy and the Column groups pane shows a similar display for the column groups hierarchy. set FixedData to True. The Properties pane displays the Tablix Member properties. 3. . Click the static member (row or column) that you want to remain visible while scrolling.

2. How to add Page Break 1. .20. On the General tab. Add a page break after:Select this option when you want to add a page break after the table. right-click the corner handle of the data region and then click Tablix Properties. select one of the following options: Add a page break before:Select this option when you want to add a page break before the table. Fit table on one page if possible:Select this option when you want the data to stay on one page. On the design surface. under Page break options.

5 . In the Solution Explorer. Can we export both main report and subreport to Excel? Yes. Error handling in Report Step 1: All the data sets of the report should contain one addition input parameter which should pass a unique information for every request (for every click of View Report button) made by the user.1. A main report contain subreport also.1.5) Set the height of the body to 18 cm (21 . Have u worked on any 3rd party Report Tools There are few third party Report Tools like Nevron. This procedure should be accepting a unique value. insert new table on SSRS report with custom error information which will be shown to the report user if the user gets any error during execution of the report. 25.margins.7 -1. Step 5: After successful completion of all the above mentioned steps. .Right-click the report project.7 cm (29. We can deploy the reports using rs. 24. Step 4:Enable the “Use Single Transaction When Processing Queries” option in data source properties. The CATCH section of every procedure should have the provision to save the error details into DB table. To avoid extra blank pages during export.exe tool 2. This unique value should be passed to all the data sets for every click of 'View Report' button made by the user. the size of the body should be less or equal to the size of the report . and then click Properties. which makes all the query executions through a single transaction.7 cm Set the height of the report to 21 cm.21. izenda. Different ways of Deploying reports 1.1. 2. 22. Step 3: Add one more additional dataset with the name "ErrorInfo" which should call the store procedure (USP_ERROR_INFO).5) 23. This dataset will return the error information available in the data base table by verifying records with the unique id which has passes as input parameter.5 -1. Step 2: Need to implement TRY CATCH blocks for all the Stored procedures used in the SSRS reports through datasets. Set the width of the body to 26. The exported report contains both the mail report and sub report. if any error occurred while execution of that procedure. how to convert PDF report from Portrait to Landscape format? In Report Properties --> Set the width of the report to the landscape size of your A4 paper: 29.

or select False to keep the data source on the server. Debug.0: 1.5. select a configuration to edit from the Configuration list. Common configurations are DebugLocal. If you leave this value blank. 2.3. The default value for TargetReportFolder is the name of the report project. type the folder on the report server in which to place the published shared data sources. and Release.2. In the TargetReportFolder text box. type the folder on the report server in which to place the published reports. 2. There are 2 options for deploying the reports that you create with Report Builder 3.In the Property Pages dialog box for the project. Difference between Cached Report and Snapshot Report . 2. 2.In the TargetDataSourceFolder text box. Report Manager 2.In StartItem. you must set this property to a valid report server URL. select True to overwrite the shared data source on the server each time shared data sources are published.7. select a report to display in the preview window or in a browser window when the report project is run.In the OverwriteDataSources list.6. In the TargetServerURL text box. the data sources will be published to the location specified in TargetReportFolder. 3. type the URL of the target report server.2. The default value for TargetDataSourceFolder is Data Sources.4. Before you publish a report. SharePoint document library 26. 2.

31.Report authoring: This stage involves creation of reports that are published using the Report Definition language. Report delivery: Reports can be delivered to the consumers either on their demand or based on an event.Tracking reporting history. then the report processor treats the requests as a new report executing on demand. Report snapshot contains the Query and Layout information retrieved at specific point of time. A linked report always inherits report layout and data source properties of the original report. 3. Then they can view them is a web-based format. Different life cycles of Report 1. Report Designer is a full-featured report authoring tool that runs in Business Intelligence Development Studio and Report Builder. 27. . Standard Subscription: Static properties are set for Report Delivery. and schedules. It executes the query and produces the intermediate format. In short Report Management includes: . role-based security model. The intermediate format of the report has no expiration time like a cached instance. If a user request a different set of parameter values for a cached report. . Subscription.Scheduling report execution and delivery .Cached Report is a saved copy of processed report.Organizing reports and data sources. 2. Report management: This involves managing the published reports as a part of the webservice. RDL is an XML based industry standard for defining reports. There are 2 types of subscriptions: 1. Different type of Reports Linked report:A linked report is derived from an existing report and retains the original's report definition. All other properties and settings can be different from those of the original report. subscriptions. parameters. 2. –Web based delivery via Report Manager web site –Subscriptions allow for automated report delivery –URL Access. Reporting Services implement a flexible. but flags it as a second cached instance. They can be executed whenever demanded or can be scheduled and executed. The reports are cached for consistency and performance. Different types of Subscriptions? Subscriptions are used to deliver the reports to either File Share or Email in response to Report Level or Server Level Schedule. Data Driven Subscription: Dynamic Runtime properties are set for Subscriptions 28. The intermediate format is cached and stored in ReportServerTempDB Database until the cache expiry time.Report security: It is important to protect reports as well as the report resources. How to deploy Reports from one server to other server 30. SSRS Architecture 29. The first time a user clicks the link for a report configured to cache. including security. location. and is stored in ReportServer Database. Web Services and Report Viewer control 4. the report execution process is similar to the on-demand process. Therefore.

Windows Winform application for End users to build ad-hoc reports with the help of Report models. 4. Cached reports are used to improve performance by reducing the number of processing requests to the report processor and by reducing the time required to retrieve large reports. Explain the Report Model Steps.ds file). Ad hoc reports:Ad Hoc reporting allows the end users to design and create reports on their own provided the data models. The does not have control over sorting. Define a report model 5. Create the report model project select "Report Model Project" in the Templates list A report model project contains the definition of the data source (. Report Model and Model Designer Use 'Model Designer' tool to design 'Report Models' and then use 'Report Model' tool to generate reports.dsv file). Report Builder . This element is ignored by Report Viewer control because Report Viewer control does not perform any data processing in Local processing mode.RDLC files are for Visual Studio Report Viewer Component. 32. You can provide control to the user by adding Interactive Sort buttons to toggle between ascending and descending order for rows in a table or for rows and columns in a matrix. Difference between Sorting and Interactive Sorting? To control the Sort order of data in report. 33. Define a data source for the report model 3. 35. . The <Query> element is optional in RDLC file. Drill Down Report: Means navigate from the summary level to detail level in the same report. The <Query> element of RDL contains query or command and is used by the Report Server to connect to the datasources of the report. Drill Through Report: Navigation from one report to another report. They have a mandatory expiration period. Difference between RDL and RDLC? RDL files are created for Sql Server Reporting Services and . The user can then choose which column to sort by.smdl file). Subreport: A subreport is a report that displays another report inside the body of a main report. Report snapshots are processed on a schedule and then saved to a report server. Publish a report model to report server. 3 components: Report Builder. The most common use of interactive sort is to add a sort button to every column header. The subreport can use different data sources than the main report. Define a data source view for the report model A data source view is a logical data model based on one or more data sources. 2. SQL Reporting Services generates the report model from the data source view. and the report model (. 1. usually in minutes.Snapshot reports: A report snapshot contains layout information and query results that were retrieved at a specific point in time. you must set the sort expression on the data region or group. the definition of a data source view (. but used data that the host application supplies. Cached reports: A cached report is a saved copy of a processed report. How to get the data for Report Model Reports Datasource View 34.

36. or both. 3. Report Server Configuration Files 1.NET 8. 38. IIS security controls access to the report server virtual directory and Report Manager. You are not limited to a grid layout. grouped in rows and columns. 37. 3. organize the data in row groups. When to use Table. Web. 5.config for the Report Server Web service Includes only those settings that are required for ASP. and background processing.config Stores the code access security policies for the server extensions. Use a matrix to display aggregated data summaries. Web. Registry settings 7.config 6.config 9. A Matrix Report has dynamic rows and dynamic columns.config for Report Manager Includes only those settings that are required for ASP. chart.My Reports . Use a Table to display detail data. Authorization is provided through a role-based security model that is specific to Reporting Services.Content Manager .Report Builder 2. RSPreviewPolicy. You can use a list to design a form for displaying many dataset fields or as a container to display multiple data regions side by side for grouped data. 42. 2. Different Types of Roles provided by SSRS : .NET. you can define a group for a list. 41. Difference between a Report and adhoc Report Ad Hoc reporting allows the end users to design and create reports on their own provided the data models. similar to a PivotTable or crosstab. RSReportDesigner. How do u secure a Report 1. 2. Matrix and List 1.config: Stores configuration settings for feature areas of the Report Server service: Report Manager. The number of rows and columns for groups is determined by the number of unique values for each row and column groups.Browsers . and display values in table and graphic form for each group value 39. For example. RSReportServer.How to Combine Datasets in SSRS (1 Dataset gets data from Oracle and other dataset from Sql Server) . 4. Use a list to create a free-form layout. Difference between Table report and Matrix Report A Table Report can have fixed number of columns and dynamic rows. the Report Server Web service. What is Report Builder Windows Winform application for End users to build ad-hoc reports with the help of Report models.config 40. RSSrvPolicy. RSMgrPolicy. but can place fields freely inside the list. and image. add a table. ReportingServicesService.Publishers .config Stores the code access security policies for Report Manager.exe. Adhoc Report is created from existing report model using Report Builder.

data processing. returns the value of the Name field for that row. 44. 43.Value. Fields!ID. snapshot). Steps to repeat Table Headers in SSRS 2008? 1. 4. 45. Select the table 2. Report Manager is the web-based application included with Reporting Services that handles all aspects of managing reports (deploying datasources and reports.Using LookUP function. we can combine 2 datasets in SSRS. =Lookup(Fields!ProductID. Lookup compares the value of ProductID to ID in each row of the dataset called "Product" and. In the following example.config). "Product") In the above expression. Enable "Advanced Mode" by clicking on it. select a dropdown arrow beside column groups. At the bottom of the screen. caching a report. The configuration settings of Report Manager and the Report Server Web service are stored in a single configuration file (rsreportserver. Difference between Report Server and Report Manager Report Server handle authentication. 3. Set the following attributes for the static row or header row. Fields!Name. assume that a table is bound to a dataset that includes a field for the product identifier ProductID. when a match is found. A separate dataset called "Product" contains the corresponding product identifier ID and the product name Name. How to add assemblies in SSRS . subscriptions.Value. under Row Groups. rendering and delivery the static row and choose properties / press F4.Value. Set RepeatOnNewPage= True for repeating headers Set KeepWithGroup= After Set FixedData=True for keeping the headers visible.

False. "DataSet")=0. parent grouping."No Data Returned".45. Report Extensions? 46. How to show "No Data Found" Message to end user? Add a Text box with expression =IIF(Count(<ID Field>. child grouping in SSRS 47. nothing) and set the visibility of this Text box as =IIF(Count(<ID Field>. "DataSet")=0.True) .

a new connection is made to the database for every single dataset. For example. if you have a report with 3 datasets and you don‟t have this option checked. if any of the queries fails to execute. What is the 'Use single transaction when processing the queries' in the Datasource? Dataset Execution Order? By default. the data source information in . This can be used to reduce network traffic and potentially increase performance. i. then only one connection will be open to the database and all the datasets will return the data and the connection will be closed. This option used to reduce the amount of open connections to the database. and select the "Use Single Transaction when processing the queries' check box. if you have it checked. datasets are executed in parallel. They are also executed as a transaction. datasets that use the same data source are no longer executed in parallel. However.48. For eg: keeps the catalog items in the Catalog table.e. which also corresponds to the order shown in report designer. 49. Open the data source dialog in report designer. The order of the dataset execution sequence is determined by the topdown order of the dataset appearance in the RDL file. ReportServer and ReportServerTempDB Databases ReportServer: hosts the report catalog and metadata. the entire transaction is rolled back. Once selected.

the Data-Source table of ReportServer Database. . the Report Server saves a copy of the report in the ReportServerTempDB database. For eg: once the report is executed. ReportServerTempDB: used by RS for caching purposes.

2. It is a DeNormalized form. Star Vs Snowflake schema and Dimensional modeling Star Schema: One Fact Table surrounded by number of Dimension Tables. takes more space with less time for data analysis compared to ROLAP. Data storage modes . Types of Dimensions Dimension type Regular Description A dimension whose type has not been set to a special dimension type. In MOLAP. Dimension tables can be further broken down into sub dimensions. but it requires large storage space as well as slower processing and query response times.SSAS Interview Questions and Answers 1. Hierarchies are broken into seperate tables in snow schema. but offers a high latency and requires average amount of storage space. In HOLAP. the structure of aggregation along with the values are stored in the 2 dimensional relational formats at disc level. Dimension table will not have any parent table. MOLAPoffers faster query response and processing times. the structure of aggregation along with the data values are stored in multi dimensional format. 3. Hierarchies in the Dimension are stored in the Dimension itself. Snowflake: Normalized form of star schema is a snow flake schema. These hierarchies helps to drilldown the data from Top hierarchy to lowermost hierarchy.MOLAP. ROLAP offers low latency. Dimension table will have one or more parent tables. Default storage setting is MOLAP. This storage mode offers optimal storage space. stucture is stored in Relational model and data is stored in multi dimensional model which provides optimal usage and space. Increases the number of joins and poor performance in retrival of data. latency and fast processing times. HOLAP In ROLAP. . query response time. This storage mode leads to duplication of data as the detail data is present in both the relational as well as the multidimensional storage. ROLAP.

and so on. For example. Geography A dimension whose attributes represent geographic information. semesters. Customers A dimension whose attributes represent customer or contact information. Organization A dimension whose attributes represent organizational information. BillOfMaterials A dimension whose attributes represent inventory or manufacturing information. the total balance is only $Y million and not $X+$Y). quarters. Accounts A dimension whose attributes represent a chart of accounts for financial reporting purposes. Quantitative A dimension whose attributes represent quantitative information. For example. such as employees or subsidiaries. bank balance is a fact which can be summed across the customer dimension (i.Time A dimension whose attributes represent time periods. date. Rates A dimension whose attributes represent currency rate information. Channel A dimension whose attributes represent channel information. Products A dimension whose attributes represent product information. Utility A dimension whose attributes represent miscellaneous information. . Scenario A dimension whose attributes represent planning or strategic analysis information. and days. product. such as cities or postal codes. Currency This type of dimension contains currency data and metadata. such as years. Types of Measures Fully Additive Facts: These are facts which can be added across all the associated dimensions.e. However. the total balance of all the customers in a bank at the end of a particular quarter). months. so at the end of quarter 2. the total balance at the end of quarter 1 is $X million and $Y million at the end of quarter 2.e. 4. Semi-Additive Facts: These are facts which can be added across only few dimensions rather than all dimensions. such as parts lists for products. the same fact cannot be added across the date dimension (i. geography. sales amount is a fact which can be summed across different dimensions like customer. Promotion A dimension whose attributes represent marketing promotion information.

For example. Referenced: The dimension table is joined to an intermediate table. which is not measurable (non-additive). If you want to bring cube online sooner without waiting rebuilding of partition indexes and aggregations then lazy processing option can be chosen. in turn. Proactive caching helps in minimizing latency and achieve high performance. Lazy processing option bring SSAS cube online as soon as dimensions and measures get . if product P1 has a 10% profit and product P2 has a 10% profit then your net profit is still 10% and not 20%. Factless Facts: A factless fact table is one which only has references (Foreign Keys) to the dimensions and it does not contain any measures. Types of relationships between dimensions and measuregroups. Derived Facts: Derived facts are the facts which are calculated from one or more base facts. Lazy aggregations: When we reprocess SSAS cube then it actually bring new/changed relational data into SSAS cube by reprocessing dimensions and measures. Data mining:The target dimension is based on a mining model built from the source dimension. We cannot add profit margins across product dimensions. Proactive caching settings also determine whether the data is queried from the underlying relational database (ROLAP) or is read from the outdated MOLAP cache. often by applying additional criteria. For example. The source dimension must also be included in the cube. codes (i. Textual Facts: Textual facts refer to the textual data present in the fact table.the intermediate fact table is joined. this transaction is still important for analysis purposes. profit margin. profit margin is a fact which cannot be added across any of the dimensions. etc. Similarly.e. flags (i. product codes). Regular: The dimension table is joined directly to the fact table. Partition indexes and aggregations might be dropped due to changes in related dimensions data so aggregations and partition indexes need to be reprocessed. For example. Many to many:The dimension table is to an intermediate fact table. then your net Profit Margin at the end of Day2 is still 10% and not 20%. Often these are not stored in the cube and are calculated on the fly at the time of accessing them. while the MOLAP cache is rebuilt. a balance enquiry at an automated teller machine (ATM). status flag). Proactive caching Proactive caching can be configured to refresh the cache (MOLAP cache) either on a pre-defined schedule or in response to an event (change in the data) from the underlying relational database. to an intermediate dimension table to which the fact table is joined. For example. No relationship: The dimension and measure group are not related. which in turn. 6. It might take more time to build aggregation and partition indexes. Though there is no change in the account balance. 5. but is important for analysis joined to the fact table. These types of fact tables are often used to capture events (valid transactions without a net change in a measure value).Non-Additive Facts: These are facts which cannot be added across any of the dimensions in the cube. Fact table: The dimension table is the fact table. For example. if your profit margin is 10% on Day1 and 10% on Day2.e. It enables a cube to reflect the most recent data present in the underlying database by automatically refreshing the cube based on the predefined settings.

Unprocess: Delete data from the object.An "All" level and a "Detail" level which is nothing but the Dimension Members. This option is when a structural change has been made to an object. this option generates an error. or renamed. when an attribute hierarchy is added. Some of the highlights/differences of Attribute and User Defined Hierarchies: 1. a Dimension can contain zero. one. Partition indexes and aggregations are triggered later as a background job. and Date as its levels. like Address. for example. If there is data is in the partitions. it will be dropped before re-populating the partition with source data. Attribute Hierarchies can be enabled or disabled. Process Update: Forces a re-read of data and an update of dimension attributes. Process Full: Drop all object stores. Lazy processing option can be changed by server level property "OLAP\LazyProcessing\Enabled" Advantage: Lazy processing saves processing time as it brings as soon as measures and dimension data is ready. For example. 7. Process Structure: Drop the data and perform process default on all dimensions. 2. Attribute Hierarchies are always Two-Level (Unless All Level is suppressed) whereas User Defined Hierarchies are often Multi-Level. Difference between attirubte hierarchy and user hierarchy An Attribute Hierarchy is created by SSAS for every Attribute in a Dimension by default. Doing this will improve the . Quarter. 3. adds new members and updates dimension attribute captions and descriptions. a Calendar Hierarchy contains Year. Process Clear Structure: Removes all training data from a mining structure. Process Index: Creates or rebuilds indexes and aggregations for all processed partitions. deleted. Every Dimension has at least one Attribute Hierarchy by default whereas every Dimension does not necessarily contain a User Defined Hierarchy. An Attribute by default contains only two levels . Disable the Attribute Hierarchy for those attributes which are commonly not used to slice and dice the data during analysis. and rebuild the objects.processed. 8. and Unit Price etc. After the data is dropped. Disadvantage: User will see performance hit when aggregation are getting build in background. Phone Number. Month. 4. Every Attribute in a Dimension has an Attribute Hierarchy whereas User Defined Hierarchies have to be explicitly defined by the user/developer. or more User Defined Hierarchies. Process Clear: Drops the data in the object specified and any lower-level constituent objects. Flexible aggregations and indexes on related partitions will be dropped. In essence. For unprocessed objects. By default. it is not reloaded. Partition processing options Process Default: SSAS dynamically chooses from one of the following process options. Process Add: For dimensions. Process Data:Processes data only without building aggregations or indexes. A User Defined Hierarchy is defined explicitly by the user/developer and often contains multiple levels.

whereas a Cube dimension has several more properties.cube processing performance and also reduces the size of the cube as those attributes are not considered for performing aggregations. but increases the processing time and storage space. Attribute Hierarchies can be made visible or hidden. This means that Anaylysis services has to derive the aggregated values for the members of the referenced dimension when a query is executed. you create cube dimensions: cube dimensions are instances of a database dimension inside a cube. Attribute Hierarchies for those attributes which are part of the User Defined Hierarchies. When you build a cube. Level. Select to store the attribute member in the intermediate dimension that links the attribute in the reference dimension to the fact table in the MOLAP structure. data pass and limiting cube space 12. only the relationship between the fact records and the intermediate dimension is stored in the cube. Database dimension is created one where as Cube dimension is referenced from database dimension. Hierarchy. 5. Translations. Partition processing and Aggregation Usage Wizard 14. Dimension. Hierarchy: is the relation between attributes in a dimension.where as Cube dimensions can be created more than one using ROLE PLAYING Dimensions concept. Database dimension exists only once. resulting in slower query performance. Linked Object Wizard . like Day. If the option is not selected. Database dimensions is independent of cube and can be processed on their own. and you add dimensions to that cube. then you're creating a Database dimension in your AS database. since the attribute is available to the end users through the User Defined Hierarchy and helps eliminate the confusion/redundancy for end users. A database dimension can be used in multiple cubes. Month. 9. or can be defined as parent-child hierarchies based on columns in the underlying dimension table. Effect of materialize When setting up a dimension with a Refence relationship type. Level: refers to individual attribute within the Hierarchy. 11. Difference between database dimension and cube dimension When you create a dimension using dimension wizard in BIDS. 13. This imporvies the qery performance. Perspectives. which are part of the Calendar Hierarchy. it will not be visible to the client application while browsing the Dimension/Cube. Quarter. 10. When an Attribute Hierarchy is hidden. and Members Dimensions in Analysis Services contain attributes that correspond to columns in dimension tables. can be hidden. and multiple cube dimensions can be based on a single database dimension The Database dimension has only Name and ID properties. Hierarchies are used to organize measures that are contained in a cube. we have the option of "materializing" the dimension. Importance of CALCULATE keyword in MDX script. and Year. These attributes appear as attribute hierarchies and can be organized into user-defined hierarchies.

etc. You can create and maintain a dimension in just one database and then reuse that dimension by creating linked dimensions for use in multiple databases. Linked Dimensions can be used when the exact same dimension can be used across multiple Cubes within an Organization like a Time Dimension. Junk Dimensions are usually small in size. which forms the unique value in the Degenerate Dimension. Handling late arriving dimensions / early arriving facts 16. or right-click anywhere on the work surface and then click Add Cube Dimension. values (dimension members). etc. It's a Dimension table which does not have an underlying physical table of its own. select the dimension that you want to add. Example: A Date Dimension has exactly the same set of attributes. Either click the 'Add Cube Dimension' button. A Degenerate Dimension is a Dimension which is derived out of a Fact Table and it appears to the end user as a separate/distinct Dimension. codes. meaning and definition. click the Dimension Usage tab. eg: Consider a Time Dimension which is joined to the same Fact Table (Say FactSales) multiple times. Conformed Dimensions. etc. and each Order has an Order Number associated with it. In the Add Cube Dimension dialog box. attributes. a Linked Dimension appears like any other Dimension. It is also called as a Garbage Dimension. Degenerate Dimensions are commonly used when the Fact Table contains/represents Transactional data like Order Details. etc Steps: In Cube Designer. flags. Using Junk Dimensions. gography Dimension etc. -These can be used to implement the concept of Conformed Dimensions. A Conformed Dimension is a Dimension which connects to multiple Fact Tables across one or more Data Marts (cubes). Delivery Date. A Junk Dimension is often a collection of Unrelated Attributes like indicators. Ship Date. such Attributes can be . same members and same meaning irrespective of which Fact Table it is connected to A linked dimension is based on a dimension that is stored in a separate Analysis Services Database which may or may not be on the same server. and then click OK. Due Date. -For an end user. its data is actually stored in the Fact Table. Here are some of the highlights of a Linked Dimension: -More than one Linked Dimension can be created from a Single Database Dimension. Conformed Dimensions are exactly the same structure.15. Junk Dimensions. each time using a different Foreign Key in the Fact Table like Order Date. flags. Role playing Dimensions. SCD and other types of dimensions Role playing Dimesnion: A Role-Playing Dimension is a Dimension which is connected to the same Fact Table multiple times using different Foreign Keys. One of the common scenarios is when a Fact Table contains a lot of Attributes which are like indicators.

THEN. WHEN.[Calendar Year].&[2002] STRTOSET returns a set. Parent Child Hierarchy. The new (modified) record and the old record(s) are identified using some kind of a flag like say IsActive. THIS keyword.[Category] on 1 from [Adventure Works] where strtomember(@P1) Now.[Calendar Year]. MemberWithLeafLevelData property 18.[Category]. NamingTemplate property.[Category] on 1 from [Adventure Works] where [Date]. suppose this is your query: select {[Measures]. if you pass the value [Date]. [Product]. 20. SSAS 2008 vs SSAS 2012 21.&[2002] You can modify it like this: select {[Measures]. Common types of errors encountered while processing a dimension / measure groups / cube 27. Dimension security vs Cell security 22. ELSE.[Internet Order Quantity]} on 0. Logging and monitoring MDX scripts and cube performance . SCD: The Slowly Changing Dimension (SCD) concept is basically about how the data modifications are absorbed and maintained in a Dimension Table. IS keyword.[Calendar Year]. RECURSION and FREEZE statement 26. SUBCUBE 23. 17. How will you keep measure in cube without showing it to user? 19. CELL CALCULATION and CONDITION clause 25. IsDeleted etc. then it will run just like: where [Date].&[2002] to the P1. How to pass parameter in MDX Here is an example.[Category]. STRTOMEMBER returns a member. CASE (CASE. IF THEN END IF. SCOPE statement. [Product]. or using Start and End Date fields to indicate the validity of the record.[Internet Order Quantity]} on 0. HAVING clause 24. END) statement.removed/cleaned up from a Fact Table.

For example.28. What is deploy. Try to set the relationship to Rigid wherever possible. By default. process and build? Bulid: Verifies the project files and create several local files. What do you understand by attribute relationship? what are the main advantages in using attribute relationship? An Attribute Relationship is a relationship between various attributes within a Dimension. as in product category . 31. In dimension usage tab. How many types of dimension are possible in SSAS? Account Bill of Materials Currency Channel Customer Geography Organizations Products promotion Regular Scenario Time Unary 36. Flexible 29. What is time intelligence? How will you implement in SSAS? . Process: Read the data from the source and build the dimesions and cube structures 34. relationship between a Month and a Date is Rigid since a particular Date always belongs to a particular Month like 1st Feb 2012 always belongs to Feb Month of 2012. how many types of joins are possible to form relationship between measure group and dimension? 33. In which scenario. every Attribute in a Dimension is related to the Key Attribute. There are basically 2 types of Attribute Relationships: Rigid. 32. What do you understand by rigid and flexible relationship? Which one is better from performance perspective? Rigid: Attribute Relationship should be set to Rigid when the relationship between those attributes is not going to change over time. relationship between an Employee and a Manager is Flexible since a particular Employee might work under one manager during this year (time period) and under a different manager during next year (another time period). where each attribute is related either directly or indirectly to all other attributes in the same hierarchy. Can you create server time dimension in analysis services(Server time dimension)? 35. you would like to go for materializing dimension? Reference dimensions let you create a relationship between a measure group and a dimension using an intermediate dimension to act as a bridge between them.product subcategory . What is natural hierarchy and how will you create it? Natural hierarchies.product name 30. Flexible: Attribute Relationship should be set to Flexible when the relationship between those attributes is going to change over time. Deploy: Deploy the structure of the cube(Skeleton) to the server. For example.

How will you write back to dimension using excel or any other client tool? 39.37. I need to give access to CEO.BIDS In BIDS from the build menu – select the build option (or right click on the project in the solution explorer). which relationship will be better(Rigid and Flexible relationship)? 41. 1) CEO can see all the data of all 4 cubes. Do Not Process Transactional Deployment . What do you understand by linked cube or linked object feature in SSAS? 38. Default Member AttributeHierarchyEnabled AttributeHierarchyOptimizedState DiscretizationMethod OrderBy OrderByAttribute 43. Operation managers and Sales managers and employee.deploymenttargets . 2) Operation Managers can see only data related to their cube. What do you understand by following properties of dimension attribute. The build process will create four xml files in the bin subfolder of the project folder . What are different storage mode option in SQL server analysis services and which scenario. What do you understand by dynamic named set (SSAS 2008)? How is i different from static named set? 40. What are the options to deploy SSAS cube in production? Right click on Project in Solution Explorer -> Properties Build -> Select ' Output Path' Deployment -> Processing Option . True Deployment Mode . How will you implement data security for given scenario in analysis service data? "I have 4 cubes and 20 dimension.deploymentoptions . the main object definition file . (200 Employees) " 45.Deploy All.False.Default.configsettings . Deploy Changes only 1. In Process Update. they will be useful? 44. There are four operation managers. What is the difference between "ProcessingGroup" ByAttribute and ByTable? 42.asdatabase . 3) Employees can see only certain dimension and measure groups data.

means that no indexes are built for the attribute hierarchy. Count. Full processing can be used to process all objects. choose whether to deploy instantly or to create an XMLA command script for later deployment. Can we use different aggregation scheme for different partitions? 51. Browse to the . Configure how partitions and roles should be deployed 4.What are the aggregate functions available for measure in SSAS? Sum. 6. What are the options available to incrementally load relational data into SSAS cube? Use Slowly Changing Dimesnion 47. A more controllable option is the Deployment wizard. available in interactive or command line mode. What are different ways to create aggregations in SSAS? 49. Why will you use aggregation at remote server? 48. What are KPIs? How will you create KPIs in SSAS? 53. 46. What are the main feature differences in SSAS 2005 and SSAS 2008 from developer point of view? 54. and Distinct Count 55. Specify Processing options: Default processing allows SSAS to decide what needs to be done. Run the wizard from Start -> All Programs ->Microsoft Sql Server -> Analysis Services -> deployment wizard 1. an attribute hierarchy is FullyOptimized. NotOptimized. The script will be created in the same location as the . How can you improve dimension design? 1: Limit the Number of Dimensions Per Measure Group and Number of Attributes Per Dimension.2. pay particular attention to the ProcessingGroup property. which means that Analysis Services builds indexes for the attribute hierarchy to improve query performance. What do you understand by Usage based optimization? 50. specify how configuration settings are deployed 5. By . What are the processing modes available for measure group? What do you understand by lazy aggregation? 56.asdatabase file. Deploy Deployment via BIDS will overwrite the destination database management settings – so is not recommended for production deployment. Max. 2: Use Dimension Properties Effectively For large dimensions that expose millions of rows and have a large number of attributes. Why will you use perspective in SSAS? 52. AttributeHierarchyOptimizedState: Determines the level of optimization applied to the attribute hierarchy.asdatabase file created by the build 2. The other option. connect to the target server 3. By default. You can also choose not to process at all. Min.

How will you differentiate among level. Process Update can affect dependent partitions. Descendants. 3: Use Regular Dimension Relationship Whenever Possible 4: Use Integer Data Type for Attribute Keys If at All Possible 5: Use Natural Hierarchies When Possible 57.CHILDREN? 10. Process Data the partitions that have changed data (which are usually the most recent partitions). Depending on the nature of the changes in the dimension table. What will happen if we remove CALCULATE keyword in the script? 8.MEMBERS and . hierarchy? 6. member. Tell me your 5 mostly used MDX functions? 3. The Query Processor Cache/Formula Engine Cache caches the calculation results whereas the Storage Engine Cache caches aggregated/fact data being queried. i. Regarding the best possible processing strategy. 3. What do you understand by formula engine and storage engine? Formula Engine is single-threaded.What is the difference between NON EMPTY keyword and NONEMPTY() function? 11. aggregations are created only for the key attribute and the top attribute. then the partitions are not affected. 59. attribute. 2. BAsc and others .e. the All attribute unless it is disabled.default. then some of the aggregation data and bitmap indexes on the partitions are dropped. Process Index for the rest of the partitions MDX 1. Functions used commonly in MDX like Filter. What are the differences among exists. Explain the structure of MDX query? 2. this property is assigned a value of ByAttribute. so try to use daily partitions instead of monthly or use monthly partitions instead of yearly. What do you understand by Named set? Is there any new feature added in SSAS 2012 related to named set? 5. Storage Engine (SE) is multi-threaded. What are the performance issues with parent child hierarchy? In parent-child hierarchies. Process Update all the dimensions that could have had data changed. How will you pass parameter in MDX? 9. existing and scope? 7. the smaller the partition.. But if members were deleted or if member relationships changed. How can you improve overall cube performance? Partitioning the cube can help to reduce the processing time. 58. What is the difference between . If only new members were added. the following steps: 1. The benefit of partitioning is that it allows to process multiple partitions in parallel on a server that has multiple processors. the better. Of course. What is the difference between set and tuple? Tuple: It is a collection of members from different Dimension Set: collection of one or More tuples from same dimension 4.

Difference between natural and unnatural hierarchy. attribute relationships 15.12. How will you find performance bottleneck in any given MDX? 28. Write MDX to rank all the product category based on calendar year 2005 internet sales amount? 22. Difference between rigid and flexible relationships 16. Write MDX to compare current month's revenue with last year same month revenue? 19. QTD(quarter to date) and YTD(year to date) internet sales amount for top 5 products? 20. AUTOEXISTS 13.. Write MDX to set default member for particular dimension? 24. Which one is better from performance point of view.NON Empty keyword or NONEMPTY function? 27. Write MDX to extract nth position tuple from specific set? 23. Write MDX to find MTD(month to date). Write MDX to find count of regions for each country? 21. ParallelPeriod. Write MDX to find current month's start and end date? 18. NON_EMPTY_BEHAVIOR. Is Rank MDX function performance intensive? 26. Write MDX for retrieving top 3 customers based on internet sales amount? 17. What do you understand by storage engine and formula engine? .. What are the performance consideration for improving MDX queries? 25. Difference between NON EMPTY keyword and function. Difference between static and dynamic set 14.