Summary of intervention activities

Intervention activity 10k steps/d Additional details 5 times/wk Intervention2: • Instructed to “walk 10,000 steps per day” • Had the option to record physical activity performed to achieve the 10,000 steps per day goal • Instructed to reset the DW-200 pedometer each morning Given a physical activity prescription that built up to 10 000 steps/d by week 4, asked to attend biweekly information sessions monthly for 2 mo afterward Everyday 0-4 wks: wore pedometers; 4-12 weeks, wore pedometers with a goal of 10 000 steps/d COPD rehabilitation (including exercise training and dietary intervention), 4 lifestyle physical activity counseling and goal-setting sessions to increase steps/d Step goal that would be equal to 3 km/d above baseline by end of intervention; Wk 1, 1.4 km/d increase, then increased by 0.5 km/d per wk for 3 wk until the 3 km target was reached Walking program (30% increase in baseline over 12 wk) and 12-h arthritis self-management program Dietary and activity intervention prescribed based on each participant’s baseline activity (25% increase in physical activity) and given during a 1-on-1 counseling session Instructed to increase step counts by 2000 steps/d; physical activity assessed using diary, active Pal activity monitor, and pedometer; food and drink intake recorded Guide to Health Intervention - Physical activity component: Step count goals were set initially at 500 steps/d above baseline mean for 5 d/wk (in module 1) and progressed by 500 steps/d in subsequent weeks. Participants encouraged to reach their step goal 5 d/wk to an overall goal of 3,000 steps/d over baseline for 5 d/wk, corresponding to health guidelines. This equals 2,142 steps/d over baseline. The sequence used for physical activity reporting, feedback, goal setting, and strategy selection was similar to that used for self-regulation in the nutrition modules. “Healthy Steps” program: 8-week physical activity intervention included a counseling session with goal setting and strategy selection, self-monitoring, and weekly e-mails. Step goal: if <8000 at baseline, then 10% increase over baseline every 2 weeks until >10 000/d; if 8000-10 000, then increase by 5% every 2 weeks until >10 000/d; if baseline ≥10 000, then maintain • Daily steps measured by pedometer, average of 7 days used for daily walking • Instructed to check daily steps every day and increase daily walk at least 1000 steps besides the daily walk at baseline • Instructed not to change eating habits Brief physician endorsement of physical activity; given brochure, pedometer, and 3 follow-up telephone calls from a health educator; each week, told to increase steps/d by 400 (approximately 10% above baseline) Sources Araiza et al. (2006) Hultquist et al. (2005)

Schneider et al. (2006) Sidman et al. (2004a) Swartz el al. (2003) de Blok et al. (2006) Moreau et al. (2001)

Increase step count above baseline

Talbot et al. (2003) Kilmer et al. (2005)

Koulouri et al. (2006) Winett et al. (2007)

Croteau (2004)

Miyatake et al. (2002)

Stovitz et al. (2005a,b)

following 2 wk: 4000 steps/d or 40 min/d Butler and Dwyer (2004) Izawa et al. wore pedometer and recorded steps daily. (2004) Lindberg (2000) Suguira et al. received encouraging e-mails each wk Eastep et al.Just Walk It Program (modified): daily goals Supervised cardiac rehabilitation and pedometer self-monitoring Home-based physical activity intervention with 2 classroom sessions of 2 h Use of pedometer and coaching First 2 wk: 3000 steps/d or 30 min/d. Ornes et al. (2005) Given home-based physical activity packet and monthly reminder telephone calls. monitored themselves and continued to set their own step goals Visible pedometer counts for first 3 wk but was blinded for the last 3. attended “Walking for Fitness” classes that met 2 times/wk Attended 8 counseling sessions (30 min each) with a dietitian and 1 physician visit educating participant on diet. recorded steps in a log or online. physical activity. (2004a) Jensen et al.. and bimonthly for the following 6 mo 9-min weekly exercise class and wore a pedometer daily with goal setting and a daily log One information session explaining the importance of physical activity and describing program. (2004). advanced as indicated Mail-based program using a pedometer. met weekly for 30-60 min with program facilitators (RNs) to discuss fitness and set individual goals. and behaviour modification. personal action planner. record time spent walking/d. (2005) Engel & Lindner (2006) Chan et al. pedometer given to each participant with a goal of at least 5000 steps/d. 2002a Thomas & Williams (2006) . supportive/motivational strategies Ransdell et al. (2004) During the 4-wk adoption phase. Coaching: Diabetes-related ducation. biweekly motivational cards for 8 weeks. given pedometers to wear daily. During the adherence phase (8 weeks). asked to exercise 3 times/wk with the triad and increase walking time and intensity in a stepwise fashion Pedometer: Goal-setting. step log. given booklet about the program and walking.

and small-group processes were used during each session. and were unaware of how many steps they were accumulating • Maintained activity logs. instructions on how to obtain pedometers. preferably all. (2004) Wilson et al. in which they recorded the time that the pedometer was put on and taken off each day. competitions to increase physical activity. its relationship to health and cancer risk. and instructions for recording data. (2004a) VanWormer et al. a program manual with goals and problem-solving exercises. goal to increase by 2000 steps/d Progressive step goals • Eight 75-minute weekly sessions held at a community center (evening) and at a local church (noontime) • Sessions were presented by the same instructor and staff. which lasted about 20 min each (7 sessions were required) Met with the primary investigator for goal setting and discussion of physical activity Intervention1: • Instructed to “take a brisk 30min walk on most. (2004) Williams et al. interactive. along with all timed walking bouts Starter kit given to interested worksites and churches that included information about Colorado on the Move. and a calendar for self-monitoring of steps. ideas for initiatives. days of the week” • Wore a sealed pedometer in the same manner as baseline testing. using a curriculum that described benefits and barriers to exercise. (2005) . daily step goals were increased each week. pedometers. (2005a) Hultquist et al. (2005) Wyatt et al. 12-wk adherence phase included postcard mailings Living Well with Heart Disease” intervention. Steps-only pedometers were tested.First Step behavioral modification program. and personal assessment/problem-solving sessions for motivation • Didactic. and progressive step goals were provided • Participants scheduled walking times for the upcoming week and reported steps walked per day for the previous week using scheduler/tracker forms Tudor-Locke et al. 4-wk adoption phase included weekly group meetings. received a course manual and ≤12 counseling sessions by telephone.

10-unit virtual (computer-based) educational program that focused on physical activity and wellness. (2007) 3-mo weight loss prog: diet modification. Wore pedometers and kept daily records of their physical activities during the 12-week study One of the following: a standard public health recommendation for PA. (2007) Oliver et al. exercise videotape and provided exercise counseling at intake and four time points over 6 months. 6 wks Coping Skills Training (CST).Parents: 6 wks Nurtrition and Exercise Education Prog (NEEP).000 steps a day Virtual Walking and Wellness Prog Haines et al. 12 wks exercise Berry et al. 12 wks exercise 8-week physical activity and dietary program Healthy Steps Program Children (same as control): 6 wks NEEP. and flexibility activities at least 3 times per week Given a pedometer. based subjects' personal walking programs on their baseline pedometer readings. (2004) Sherman et al. (2006) Ransdell et al. self-monitoring. a step pedometer. Jensen et al. Daily pedometer readings were logged and a weekly e-mail message. (2007) Clarke et al. Each week. aerobic. (2007) . was e-mailed to participants. previously developed breast cancer-specific PA print materials. examining baseline goals and determining increase of steps/d 12-wk intervention. 6 wks Behaviour Modification (BM) with NEEP. (2004) 1) with weekly diaries. instructed subjects to increase their daily steps by 10% until reaching the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) recommended 10. 8 wks pedometer use. (2007) Counselling on goal-setting and strategy selection. muscular strength. or a combination of breast cancerspecific print materials and step pedometers. record steps/d Self-help walking program (WP) Wear pedometer and record steps/d Participate in lifestyle. consisting of walking and wellness tips. The week 1 pedometer step counts were compared with step counts at 6-month follow-up. 2) with pedometer Merom et al. (2007) Speck & Looney (2001) Vallance et al. maintain food and activity diary.

(2005). (2003). (2005) Motivational postcards mailed at 6 and at 10 weeks thanking people for participating in program Nutrition and Exercise Education Program (NEEP). cancer-specific PA print materials Wear pedometer with an obscured monitor and asked to walk 30 min/d for the first 2 wk. Merom et al. (2005). (2003) Tudor-Locke et al. (2005) Stovitz et al. Moreau et al. exercise training. goal-setting. (2004) Berry et al. (2006). Talbot et al. Porter. (2003) Speck & Looney (2001) Stovitz et al. Parker. (2004). They were encouraged to use this calendar as a guide for recording physical activity. (2006). Wilson. Ransdell et al. Ornes et al.b) . & Kilpatrick (2005) Araiza et al. psychoeducation modules Health education No record-keeping of daily activity Given a one-page handout summarizing the benefits of physical activity and a calendar analogous to a step log. (2007). (2005) de Blok et al. (2005a. Schneider et al. exercise Regular pulmonary rehab program. supportive/motivational strategies to increase time spent walking Participants served as their own controls Instructed not to change normal activities/no treatment Sources Engel & Lindner (2006) Swartz et al. (2007) Vallance et al. whatever they deemed appropriate Waitlist Standard PA recommendation. (2007) Butler & Dwyer (2004) Hultquist et al. (2007) de Block et al. 40 min/d for the following 2 wk Wear sealed pedometer and asked to walk 30 min/d on most days COPD rehabilitation Supervised cardiac rehabilitation Same program as intervention group but not given pedometer Winett et al. (2006) Izawa et al.Summary of control activities Control activity Coaching: Education. (2001). Swartz et al. (2006) Rogers et al. Behavior Modification (BM) with NEEP. dietary intervention.

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