Bibi Fatima (SA) Wafaat

Issue #1 2009

Bibi Fatima Zahra (SA) Allah (S) created Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) as a sign of His might among prophets; and created from him his daughter Fatima Zahra (SA) to be a sign of His ability to create a female possessing all moral excellence and talents. Fatima Zahra (SA), the only daughter of Prophet Mohammed was born in Mecca. Fatima (SA) is famous and acknowledged as the "Sayyidatu nisa'i 'l-'alamin" (Leader of all the women of the world for all times) because the Prophet-hood of Muhammad (PBUH) would not have been everlasting without her. The Prophet is the perfect example for men, but could not be so for women. For all the verses revealed in the Holy Qur'an for women, Fatima is the perfect model, who translated every verse into action. Allah (S) praised her, and is "satisfied with her satisfaction, and is angered when she is angered." And the Messenger of Allah (S) commends her nobility and praiseworthy personality, while Imam Ali (A.S) looks to her with respect and admiration and the holy Imams of Ahlul- Bayt sanctify and venerate her. Fatima (SA) is a perfect example of how a daughter, wife, and mother should act while
"Say: `No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of those near of kin. 'And if anyone earns any good, We shall give him an increase of good in respect there of for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (service)." (42: 23)

keeping their decency and pure character; she also shows us, the Muslim women's role in the social field within the limits of religion and virtue. Born: Born on 5th year of Prophetic mission on Friday the 20th of Jamaada Al Thani in Mecca. Father's Name: Holy Prophet Hazrat Mohammed Mustufa (PBUH). Mother's Name: Hazrat Bibi Khatija Kubra (SWA). Married: Married to Hazrat Imam Ali (AS), in the second year of migration. Children: Imam Hasan (AS), Imam Hussain (AS), Hazrat Zainab, Hazrat Ume Kulsoom and Mohsin (unborn child). Died: 3rd Jamaada Al Thani or 13th Jamadi-ulAwwal in Medina at the age of 18 years. She was martyred between the prayer times of Maghrib & Esha 11th year of Hijrah.

In This Issue
• • Bibi Fatima (SA) an article Excerpt from Bibi Fatima's speech at the Caliph's court Cartoon Crossword puzzle Muslim congress 09

• • •

Buried: The cemetery of Jannat-ul- Baqi in Medina Titles: Zahra (the Lady of Light), Siddiqa, Tahira, Raazia, Inssiya, Batool, Marziya, Mohaddisa, Hamida, KhirunisaHadi, Umul Hassanain, Ume Abeeha & Umul Aiymma. Once someone asked Prophet Mohammed (PBUH), "Do you love Fatima Zahra (SA) so much, that when she arrives you get up from your place to give respect to her and kiss her hands and make her sit next to yourself?" He replied, if you come to know why I love Fatima (SA) so much, you shall also love her." He considered her the part and parcel of his life, and used to say repeatedly, "Fatima (S.A.) is a piece of me, whoever troubles her he has troubled me, and whoever pleases her has pleased me." One day, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) of Islam said, "Oh Fatima God gets pleased on your being pleased and gets furious due to

your unhappiness and displeasure”. Imam Abu Ja'far AlBaqir (AS) said: "When Fatima was born, Allah(S) (Exalted is His Name) revealed to an angel to speak the name Fatima with Muhammad's tongue. Allah then said: "I have bestowed knowledge upon you and safeguarded you from menstruation." Then Abu Ja'far (A) added: "By Allah, Allah (Blessed and Exalted is His Name) bestowed knowledge on her and safeguarded her from menstruation with the covenant." Imam Sadiq (AS) said: "Fatima has nine names near Allah (Exalted be His Name), they are: Fatima, Siddiqah (the honest), AlMubarakah (the blessed one), AtTahirah (virtuous), AzZakiyah (the chaste), Ar-Radhiatul Mardhiah (she who is gratified and who shall be satisfied), AlMuhaddathah (a person, other than a

prophet, that the angels speak to), and Az-Zahra (the splendid)." Fatima (S.A.) was brought up and trained in the family of Prophet (P.B.U.H) and took advantage and share the knowledge and wisdom of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). She heard the recitation of Quran from the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) and leant it by heart. Several people asked Prophet (PBUH) for the hand of Fatima (SA), but Prophet (PBUH) said, "I am waiting for the revelation in this connection." The revelation came and Fatima's (SA) husband was also nominated. Allah ordered the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), "Oh my prophet get the light (Noor) married to the light i.e., get Fatima (S.A.) married with Imam Ali (A.S.)." After the aggregation of the tribe of Bani Hashim and the friends and relations by the order of Prophet (P.B.U.H.) took place, he

(P.B.U.H.) delivered a Khutba (religious speech), sermon, and got Fatima (S.A.) married to Imam Ali (A.S.) over a dowry equivalent to four hundred Masqal Silver (one Masqal comes to nearly 3.45 grams). Prophet (P.B.U.H.) held Fatima (S.A.) by her hand and handing her hand over to Imam Ali (A.S.) said, "Oh Ali, Fatima is the best wife for you." Thereafter, he addressed Fatima (SA) and said "Oh Fatima, Ali is a good husband for you." Whenever Imam Ali (A.S.) called Fatima (SA), he addressed her by "Daughter of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.)" and Fatima (S.A.) would address him as "Ameer ul Momineen" (the Chief of the Faithfuls). Fatima (S.A.) is one of the four superior most and virtuous ladies i.e., Mariam, Asiyah, Khatija, Fatima. Fatima (S.A.) is the heir of all the honors and virtues. Who is the one continuing the great race

originating and beginning with Adam (A.S.), Ibrahim (A.S.), Moosa (A.S.), Essa [Christ] (A.S.) and reaching Mohammad (P.B.U.H.). Fatima (SA) did everything possible so that a wrong foundation for the caliphate is not laid, but she was not successful. On the 3rd of Jamaada Al Thani , 11th of Hijra, She bade farewell to her children and husband and passed away. She died in the same year as her father had died. At the time of her sorrowful demise Imam Hassan (A.S.) was 7 years of age,

Imam Hussain (A.S.) was 6 years of age. Imam Ali (A.S.), as per her last will, bathed her and gave her the coffin and buried her in the darkness of the night. Her grave was kept secret. Fatima's Protest Against Abu Bakr's Actions O Muslims! Will my inheritance be usurped? O son of Abu Quhafa! Where is it in the Book of Allah that you inherit your father and I do not inherit mine? Surely you have come up with an unprecedented thing. Do you intentionally

abandon the Book of Allah and cast it behind your back? Do you not read where it says: And Sulaiman inherited Dawood'? And when it narrates the story of Zakariya and says: `So give me an heir as from thyself (One that) will inherit me, and inherit the posterity of Yaqoob' And: `But kindred by hood have prior rights against each other in the Book of Allah' And: Allah (thus) directs you as regards your children's (inheritance) to the male, a portion equal to that of two females' And, If he leaves any goods, that he make a bequest to

parents and next of kin, according to reasonable usage; this is due from the pious ones.' You claim that I have no share! And that I do not inherit my father! What! Did Allah reveal a (Quranic) verse regarding you, from which He excluded my father? Or do you say: `These (Fatima and her father) are the people of two faiths, they do not inherit each other?!' Are we not, me and my father, a people adhering to one faith?

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