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In a quantum field theory, charge screening can restrict the value of the observable "renormalized" charge of a classical theory. If the only allowed value of the renormalized charge is zero, the theory is said to be "trivial" or noninteracting. Thus, surprisingly, a classical theory that appears to describe interacting particles can, when realized as a quantum field theory, become a "trivial" theory of noninteracting free particles. This phenomenon is referred to as quantum triviality. Strong evidence supports the idea that a field theory involving only a scalar Higgs boson is trivial in four spacetime dimensions,[1] but the situation for realistic models including other particles in addition to the Higgs boson is not known in general. Nevertheless, because the Higgs boson plays a central role in the Standard Model of particle physics, the question of triviality in Higgs models is of great importance. This Higgs triviality is similar to the Landau pole problem in quantum electrodynamics, where this quantum theory may be inconsistent at very high momentum scales unless the renormalized charge is set to zero, i.e., unless the field theory has no interactions. The Landau pole question is generally considered to be of minor academic interest for quantum electrodynamics because of the inaccessibly large momentum scale at which the inconsistency appears. This is not however the case in theories that involve the elementary scalar Higgs boson, as the momentum scale at which a "trivial" theory exhibits inconsistencies may be accessible to present experimental efforts such as at the LHC. In these Higgs theories, the interactions of the Higgs particle with itself are posited to generate the masses of the W and Z bosons, as well as lepton masses like those of the electron and muon. If realistic models of particle physics such as the Standard Model suffer from triviality issues, the idea of an elementary scalar Higgs particle may have to be modified or abandoned. The situation becomes more complex in theories that involve other particles however. In fact, the addition of other particles can turn a trivial theory into a nontrivial one, at the cost of introducing constraints. Depending on the details of the theory, the Higgs mass can be bounded or even predictable.[2] These quantum triviality constraints are in sharp contrast to the picture one derives at the classical level, where the Higgs mass is a free parameter.

**Triviality and the renormalization group
**

The first evidence of possible triviality of quantum field theories was obtained by Landau, Abrikosov, Khalatnikov[3][4][5] who obtained the following relation of the observable charge with the “bare” charge (1) where is the mass of the particle, and is the momentum cut-off. If is finite, then tends to zero in the limit of infinite cut-off . In fact, the proper interpretation of Eq.1 consists in its inversion, so that (related to the length scale ) is chosen to give a correct value of : (2) The growth of with invalidates Eqs. (1) and (2) in the region (since they were obtained for ) and existence of the “Landau pole" in Eq.2 has no physical sense. The actual behavior of the charge

as a

However. for .(2) if it is integrated under conditions for and . corresponding to the case (c). Froehlich. Fernandez. The only way to avoid it. The latter case corresponds to the quantum triviality in full theory (beyond its perturbation context). The general behavior of the appearance of the function qualitatively different situations: for depends on . which corresponds to the critical point. A. is to tend to infinity. J. Subsequent numerical investigations of the lattice field theory confirmed Wilson’s conclusion. c. as can be seen by a reductio ad absurdum. The “true” quantum triviality is a stronger property. the evidence of “true triviality” is scarce and allows a different interpretation.function of the momentum scale is determined by the Gell-Mann–Low equation (3) which gives Eqs. If “Wilson triviality” is confirmed by numerous investigations and can be considered as firmly established. then is divergent at finite value and the real Landau pole arises: the theory is internally inconsistent due to indeterminacy of for . and Triviality in Quantum . then the growth of continues to infinity. if is finite. being related to the lattice spacing and the coefficient in the effective Landau Hamiltonian. Random Walks. The evidence in favor of its positive solution has appeared recently[8][9][10][11] and the implications for the Standard Model and the resulting Higgs Boson mass bounds have been discussed in . and have a direct physical sense. The fundamental question arises. Sokal (1992). D. if has a zero at the finite value . As a result. ^ R. the question of whether the Standard Model of particle physics is nontrivial (and whether elementary scalar Higgs particles can exist) remains an important unresolved question. According to classification by Bogoliubov and Shirkov. it should be noted that “Wilson triviality” signifies only that -function is non-alternating and has not nontrivial zeros: it excludes only the case (a) in the Bogoliubov and Shirkov classification. Indeed. if such triviality holds for arbitrary (and not only small) values of ? This question was investigated by Kenneth G. if is non-alternating and behaves as with for large . then growth of is saturated. Wilson using the real-space renormalization group[7] and strong evidence for the positive answer was obtained. Critical Phenomena.[12] See also Hierarchy problem References 1. the theory is internally inconsistent. The trivial theory with is obtained in the limit . Formula (1) is interpreted differently in the theory of critical phenomena. Such triviality has a physical sense and corresponds to absence of interaction between large-scale fluctuations of the order parameter.(1). b. when only the term with is retained in the right hand side. which is possible only for .e. i. In this case.[6] there are three a. if with for large .

(1986).1016%2F0550-3213%2887%2990657-2). E.org/abs/1010.1103%2FRevModPhys..harvard. 10. Retrieved from "http://en. Wilson (1975). Bibcode:1975RvMP.292. Bibcode:1988PhR.1134%2FS1063776110090153).doi.497C (http://adsabs. D.773W). ISBN 0-387-54358-9. Introduction to the Theory of Quantized Fields (3rd ed. and I. Khalatnikov (1954)..292..harvard.org/10..Field Theory..413S).. "Triviality Pursuit: Can Elementary Scalar Particles Exist?". Landau. additional terms may apply.1016%2F0370-1573%2888%2990008-7). A. 3. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 95: 773.. 2..773W (http://adsabs. "Asymptotic Behavior of the β Function in the φ4 Theory: A Scheme Without Complex Parameters".google.107. Landau. arXiv:1011. R.edu/abs/1986ZPhyC.497C). M. Suslov (2010). D. Inc. "Is the standard model Higgs mass predictable?".3643). Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics 111 (3): 450.org/10.4081). ^ Callaway. M. ISBN 978-0-471-04223-5.. ^ L.413S (http://adsabs. ^ L. and I. Bogoliubov. Physics Reports 167 (5): 241–320.. A. doi:10. The many faces of QCD (http://sites. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics 107 (3): 413. Callaway (1988)..3643 (http://arxiv..harvard. 11.1016/05503213(87)90657-2 (http://dx. D. 4. M. doi:10.doi.1007%2FBF01479540).241C (http://adsabs. Marco (2011). Bibcode:1987NuPhB. Khalatnikov (1954). you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.295L (http://adsabs. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 95: 1177.org/10.harvard.111..773).wikipedia.1016/03701573(88)90008-7 (http://dx. Nuclear Physics B 292: 497..sissa. A.org/abs/1011. 6.450S (http://adsabs.773 (http://dx. M. 7. Retrieved 2011-08-27. N.edu/abs/1975RvMP. Springer.4317).167.241C). "Renormalization Group Functions of the φ4 Theory in the Strong Coupling Limit: Analytical Results".org/w/index. doi:10. Trieste: Proceedings of Science.doi.1134%2FS1063776108090094).doi.47. By using this site. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation.org/abs/1010. arXiv:1010.pdf) (PDF). 8. John Wiley & Sons.47. Bibcode:2010JETP.1007/BF01479540 (http://dx.4317 (http://arxiv.. doi:10... D. arXiv:1010. ^ I. M. A..harvard. 5..4081 (http://arxiv. doi:10. ^ I. Zeitschrift für Physik C 31: 295. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.). ^ Frasca.. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 95: 497.doi. 039.. V.edu/abs/2008JETP..edu/abs/1988PhR.. A. 9. and I. Suslov (2008). D. Petronzio.. "Mapping theorem and Green functions in Yang-Mills theory" (http://pos.111.harvard. Bibcode:1986ZPhyC.31. G. Khalatnikov (1954).107. (1987). M.1103/RevModPhys.47. Abrikosov. "Implications of triviality for the standard model".php?title=Quantum_triviality&oldid=566045189" Categories: Quantum field theory Quantum mechanics Mathematical physics Concepts in physics This page was last modified on 27 July 2013 at 17:44.167. ^ K. ^ D. "The Renormalization Group: Critical phenomena and the Kondo problem". A..47.1134/S1063776110090153 (http://dx. Landau. J.1134/S1063776108090094 (http://dx. ^ L.edu/abs/1987NuPhB. a non-profit organization.com/site/facingqcd/).31. ^ Lindner. doi:10. ^ N. Reviews of Modern Physics 47: 4. .edu/abs/2010JETP. 12.org/10. Shirkov (1980). Abrikosov.it/archive/conferences/117/039/FacesQCD_039. Bibcode:2008JETP.doi. Abrikosov..295L).org/10..450S).org/10.. p.

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info on quantum triviality

info on quantum triviality

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