You are on page 1of 34

Coiled Tubing Drilling

Presented By: Santanu Kr Sarmah Assistant Professor Deptt. Of Petroleum Engineering DUIET

Suggested Readings:
{

{ { { {

Coil Tubing Solutions-Baker Oil Tools, 2003, Baker Hughes Incorporated Coiled Tubing manual NOV-CTES Drilling Operation Practices manual ONGC Coiled Tubing Handbook- Alexander Sas-Jaworsky II Introduction to Coiled Tubing Drilling- By: LEAding Edge Advantage International Ltd

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

What is Coiled Tubing ?


Coiled Tubing (CT) has been defined as any continuously milled tubular product manufactured in lengths that require spooling onto a take-up reel, during the primary milling or manufacturing process. The tube is nominally straightened prior to being inserted into the wellbore and is recoiled for spooling back onto the reel. Tubing diameter normally ranges from 0.75 in. to 4 in., and single reel tubing lengths in excess of 30,000 ft. have been commercially manufactured. Common coiled tubing steels have yield strengths ranging from 55,000 PSI to 120,000 PSI.
1 April 2013 (C) Santanu 3

Coiled Tubing Unit in Operation


Coiled Tubing

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

Coiled Tubing Unit


The coiled tubing unit is comprised of the complete set of equipment necessary to perform standard continuous length tubing operations in the field. Coiled Tubing unit is comprised of:
{ { { {

Reel - for storage and transport of the CT Injector Head - to provide the surface drive force to run and retrieve the CT Control Cabin - from which the equipment operator monitors and controls the CT Power Pack - to generate hydraulic and pneumatic power required to operate the CT unit
(C) Santanu 5

1 April 2013

Coiled Tubing Unit

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

Coiled Tubing Unit - Major Components

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

Coiled Tubing Unit

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

Coiled Tubing Unit


Reel:
It consists of a fabricated steel spool drum with a core diameter of 60"-72" and a 9 flange diameter side. The basic spool can store up to 26,000 feet of 1.00" OD tubing or 22,000 feet of 1.25" OD tubing. Tubing spooling capacity is dependent on the core diameter.

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

Coiled Tubing Unit


Injector head: The CT injector head provides the power and traction necessary to run and retrieve the CT string into and out of the wellbore. Several hydraulic systems are used to enable the CT unit (CTU) operator exercise a high degree of control over any CT string movement an important feature in delicate CTD operations where WOB must be carefully controlled.

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

10

Coiled Tubing Unit


Tubing injector heads are designed to perform three basic functions: Provide the thrust to snub tubing into the well against pressure as to overcome well bore friction. Control the rate of tubing entry into the well under various well conditions. Support the full suspended tubing weight and accelerate it to operating speed when extracting it from the well.

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

11

Injector Head

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

12

Injector Head

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

13

Control Cabin
The control cab or operators cab contains the console with the analog gauges, digital displays, and electrical and hydraulic controls necessary to operate the CT unit. The configuration of the cabin and console vary widely with manufacturer and each customers specifications. The console includes all of the controls and gauges required to operate and monitor the coiled tubing drilling unit components. Reel and injector head motors are activated from the control panel through valves that determine the tubing motion direction and operating speed. Control systems to regulate the drive chain, stripper rubber and blow out preventor stacks are also located on the control console.
1 April 2013 (C) Santanu 14

Control Cabin

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

15

Control Cabin

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

16

Hydraulic Power Unit


A hydraulic power unit operates typical CT surface equipment. This unit must supply relatively high-volume, low-pressure hydraulic fluid to dynamic equipment like the injector head and reel and relatively low-volume, highpressure hydraulic fluid to static devices like the stripper and BOP. Consequently, most CT unit power packs have several pumps powered by a diesel engine or electric motor

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

17

Hydraulic Power Unit

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

18

Coiled Tubing Capabilities


{ { { { { { { {

Drill and Trip under pressure Fast Trips Continuous Circulation while tripping pipe Continuous high quality two-way telemetry between surface and down hole. Slimhole and thru tubing capability Small location footprint Portability / Stand Alone capability Safer work area due to lack of rig floor.

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

19

Coiled Tubing Limitations


{ { { { {

{ { {
1 April 2013

Cannot rotate Limited fishing capabilities Small diameters Limited reach in horizontal wells Poor circulating hydraulics and limited hole cleaning capability. Tube fatigue life High maintenance Costs
(C) Santanu 20

Applications of Coiled Tubing


{ { { { { { {

Well Stimulation Well activation Workover operation Deliquidification of well Coiled tubing drilling CBM exploration Mining operation
(C) Santanu 21

1 April 2013

Coiled Tubing Drilling ( CTD)


It is special type of drilling technique which involves use of coiled tubing as drill string along with various drilling tools and BHA to drill holes for specific purposes desired. Coiled tubing drilling has been a commercial service for many years. Although CT drilling provides many advantages, it should not be thought of as a direct replacement for conventional rotary drilling. It has specific limits and cost drivers, which must be understood before applying this technology.
1 April 2013 (C) Santanu 22

Advantages of CTD
{

{ { {

Rig size is small hence easy to transport, install and dismantle. Operation is very quick as the drill string is a continuous pipe Suitable for shallow depths and smaller lease. Operating cost is less. Lesser crew members required

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

23

Limitations of CTD
{ {

{ {

Hole size is small from 1-1/2 to 4 max Fishing , stimulation and workover operations are much complicated. Re-entry to the well is not possible. Well completion and cementing needs special tools and complicated in operation. Skilled operator and crew members required.

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

24

CTD drilling Equipment


{ {

Surface equipment Down hole equipment

(C) Santanu

25

CTD Surface equipment


{ { { { { { { {
1 April 2013

Injector head and goose neck CT reel Control cab Power pack Crane BOPs , stripper and wellhead adapter Mud pumps Mud tanks
(C) Santanu 26

CTD BOP unit

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

27

CTD BOP unit

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

28

A typical CTD rig

(C) Santanu

29

CTD rig

1 April 2013

(C) Santanu

30

CTD Down hole equipment


{ { { { { { { { { {

CT connectors CT Disconnectors Check valves CT Circulation and Control valves CT Motors CT centralizer CT Orientators CT Jar and accelerators CT fishing tools Bits
(C) Santanu 31

Potential applications of CTD


{ { {

{ {

Drill multilaterals from the mother bore Drill side tracks without removing the completion Drill underbalanced wells and increase productivity by eliminating reservoir impairment Drill without a conventional rig Drill wells simultaneously with a conventional rig

(C) Santanu

32

Non suitable CTD Applications


{ { {

Drilling ERD wells Drilling 8-1/2 or bigger holes Drilling wells in unstable formation

(C) Santanu

33

(C) Santanu

34