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Material no. Code names

1.4404 to EN 10 088-2 D (DIN/EN) USA (ASTM) Japan CIS C min. max.


X 2 CrNiMo 17-12-2 316 L SUS 316 L Cr 16.5 18.5 Mo 2.0 2.5 Ni 10.0 13.0 Mn 2.0

Chemical composition (in % by weight)1)


Special arrangements may be made within the analysis limits depending on the properties required.

Product forms

Hot-rolled wide strip, cold-rolled wide strip, slit strip, cut sheets, circles, blanks, precision strip Dimensions range Rp 0.2 (0.2% yield strength) N/mm2 Rp 1.0 (1.0% yield strength) N/mm2 270 260 250 127 300 118 350 113 Rm (tensile strength) N/mm2 530 to 680 400 108 450 103 A80 (elongation) % 40 500 100 550 98

Mechanical properties (transverse samples) at room temp. to EN 10 088-2

Cold-rolled strip s 8 mm 240 Hot-rolled strip s 13.5 mm 220 Temperature C Rp 0.2 (0.2% yield strength) N/mm2 Rp 1.0 (1.0% yield strength) N/mm2 100 166 150 152 200 137

Minimum properties at elevated temperatures











Heat treatment

Annealing temperature C 1030 1110

Time min ~ 5/mm thickness

Cooling Water/air

Microstructure Austenite (possibly some ferrite)

Physical properties

Density Modulus of elasticity Thermal expansion in 10 6 K 1 3 2 kg/dm in kN/mm at between 20 C and 20 C 100 C 200 C 300 C 400 C 500 C 100 C 200 C 300 C 400 C 500 C 8.0 200 194 186 179 172 165 16.0 16.5 17.0 17.5 18.0

Thermal conductivity at 20 C W/m K 15


Specific heat capacity at 20 C J/kg K 500

Electrical resistivity at 20 C mm2/m 0.75


not present2)

NIROSTA 4404 may be slightly magnetic in quenched condition. Magnetisability increases with increasing strain hardening.

Surface finish Edge finish

1 D (II a), 2 H (III a), 2 B (III c), 2 R (III d), 1/2 G (IV), 2 M

Untrimmed, cut edges, dressed edges on request Published by: ThyssenKrupp Nirosta GmbH 47794 Krefeld

Chemical resistance

Our publication Chemical Resistance of NIROSTA Steels contains tables giving some guide to chemical resistance.


NIROSTA 4404 can be very readily cold formed (e.g. bending, flanging, dishing, deep drawing, spinning). However, the higher strain hardening compared to unalloyed steels means that correspondingly greater forces are necessary for forming. By grading the chemical composition within the standard analysis and adding various other elements, specific forming properties (e.g. redrawing, ironing, spinning, etc.) can be achieved according to requirements. For pressure vessels, cold forming, any post heat treatment and welding should be carried out according to the regulations of AD Information Sheet HP 7/3. This stipulates that post heat treatment is not necessary: a) where percent cold reduction 15% and b) after welding.

Post heat treatment is necessary with percent cold reductions greater than 15%. Heat tints or scale from heat treatment or welding reduce corrosion resistance and should be removed chemically (e.g. pickling baths or pickling pastes) or mechanically (e.g. by grinding or blasting with glass beads or iron- and sulfur-free quartz sand). Due to the tendency of the material to strain hardening and to the relatively poor thermal conductivity, machining should be carried out with tools made of good quality high-speed steel or, better still, with carbide tools. NIROSTA 4404 can be polished.


Weldability: NIROSTA 4404 can be readily welded by all methods (except gas welding). Filler metals: Material no. THERMANIT

1.4430 GE

Approvals: This material and the filler metal are approved for use in the construction of pressure vessels. Applications Due to the addition of molybdenum, NIROSTA 4404 possesses higher resistance to non-oxidizing acids and to chloride ion-containing media than e.g. NIROSTA 4301. Due to its low C content, NIROSTA 4404 can be welded in all dimensions without becoming susceptible to intergranular corrosion. Resistance to intergranular corrosion is retained in continuous service up to 400 C. NIROSTA 4404 is an important material for drinking, cooling and waste water systems. Architects make use of it for external cladding and it is approved for use as wall ties (German Institute for Structural Engineering document Z.30.3-6). This steel has a wide field of applications in the textile finishing and chemical industries, household goods, food technology, swimming pools and storage and transport containers for aggressive materials.