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CLOUD COMPUTING

ABSTRACT

Cloud computing is a way of computing, where most of our data is stored in the
cloud, i.e, the Internet.

A computing capability that provides an abstraction between the computing resource
and its underlying technical architecture (e.g., servers, storage, networks), enabling
convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing
resources that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management
effort.

The goal of cloud computing is to apply traditional supercomputing, or high-
performance computing power, normally used by military and research facilities, to
perform tens of trillions of computations per second, in consumer-oriented
applications such as financial portfolios, to deliver personalized information, to
provide data storage or to power large, immersive computer games. To do this, cloud
computing uses networks of large groups of servers typically running low-cost
consumer PC technology with specialized connections to spread data-processing
chores across them.

Why we choose cloud computing is that, Clients would be able to access their
applications and data from anywhere at any time. They could access the cloud
computing system using any computer linked to the Internet. It could bring hardware
costs down. Cloud computing systems would reduce the need for advanced hardware
on the client side. You wouldn't need to buy the fastest computer with the
most memory, because the cloud system would take care of those needs for you.
Instead, you could buy an inexpensive computer terminal. The terminal could include
a monitor, input devices like a keyboard and mouse and just enough processing power
to run the middleware necessary to connect to the cloud system. You wouldn't need a
large hard drive because you'd store all your information on a remote computer.

Cloud computing systems give these organizations company-wide access to computer
applications. The companies don't have to buy a set of software or software licenses
for every employee. Instead, the company could pay a fee to a cloud computing
company. Servers and digital storage devices take up space. Some companies rent
physical space to store servers and databases because they don't have it available on
site. Cloud computing gives these companies the option of storing data on someone
else's hardware, removing the need for physical space on the front end. Streamlined
hardware would, in theory, have fewer problems than a network
of heterogeneous machines and operating systems. Perhaps the biggest concerns
about cloud computing are security and privacy.



REFERENCE.

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Cloud Computing", 39
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IEEE international Conference on Parallel Processing
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|2| P. MELL, and T. GRANCE, "Recommendations of the National Institute of
Standards and Technology", National Institute of Standards and Technology, US
Department of Commerce, January 2011.

|3| S. ZHANG, X. CHEN, and X. HUO, "Cloud Computing Research and
Development Trend", IEEE Second International Conference on Future Networks
2010, pp. 93-97.

|4| L. ZHANG and Q. ZHOU, "CCOA: Cloud Computing Open Architecture", IEEE
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|5| Z. ZHANG, and X. ZHANG, "Realization of Open Cloud Computing Federation
Based on Mobile Agent", IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Computing
and Intelligent Systems, 2009. IEEE xplore Digital Library, pp. 642-646.

|6| B. GROBAUER, T. WALLOSCHEK, and E. STOCKER, "Understanding Cloud
Computing Vulnerabilities", IEEE Security and Privacy, Volume: 9, Issue: 2,
March-April 2011, pp. 50-57.