BASICS IN HUMANITIES SCOPE, ISSUES AND CONCERNS OF THE HUMANITIES 1. What do we understand by the word ‘humanities’?

ANS: Humanities are a group of disciplines, which concern human culture, basically fine arts including drawing, painting, ceramics, music, dancing, language and films. Humanities are those branches of knowledge that concern themselves with human beings and human culture. The humanities are some times organized as a school in many colleges and university, USA and Indian sub continent. The subjects related with humanities are fine arts, which include drawing, painting, sculpture, ceramics, architecture, films, music, dramatic art, dancing, philosophy, language and literature. It also includes law and history. Humanities derived from classical Greek and Paideia, it means a course of general education, which prepared young man for active citizenship in the polis or city-state.

2. Why do we study the humanities in business study? ANS: If we observed the main objective of business, we find there are four basic objectives survival, growth, social responsibility and profit. So it is the basic requirement of every business organization to take care of the society, as social responsibility is the business objectives. Humanity helps us to run the business ethically. By studying humanities we can build our moral character and perform social responsibility of business such as produce quality and save products caring the environment and help to contribute in the society.

3. What is classic? How can classic help us to learn the values of the humanities? ANS: Classical came from this word “classic”. Classic means methodical or high quality. It also means Greek-Roman literatures. But in humanities classic has a wide spared meaning. Classic means something that wins time. Classic means ancient with quality. Classic refers to something extra ordinary, unimpeachable and unquestionable. It actually means the literary work in the ancient and the sophisticated thought of the ancient philosopher and pioneers. From the above definition we know that classic helps us to learn the values of the humanities.

4. Why did people study the humanities in different centuries? Or Why did the humanities lost its popularity once and then how it gained it back? ANS: The Humanities lost its popularity once because its nature of dryness and exclusive concentration on Latin, Greek texts and language. It gained its popularity when it includes the branches of knowledge that concern themselves with human beings and human culture, values, educational disciplines, physical and biological sciences. So, from the above definition it is clear that it is very important to study humanities in different centuries. Studying humanities we know the various cultures and their living style and also their livelihoods. Humanities help us to know about the origin.

SHORT NOTE: 1. Renaissance: The name “Renaissance” is given to the historical period in Europe that succeeded the Middle Ages. The awaking of a new spirit of intellectual and artistic inquiry, which was the dominant feature of this political religious and philosophical phenomenon, was essentially a revival of the spirit of ancient Greece and Rome. 2. Paideia: Paideia means learning. A system of education and training in classical Greek and Hellenistic cultures that included subjects such as gymnastics, grammar, rhetoric, music, mathematics, geography, natural history and philosophy. 3. Umanisti: The word “Umanisti” derives from the studia hamanitatis. A course of classical studies that in the early 15th century consisted of grammar, rhetoric, history, moral philosophy and poetry. 4. Middle ages: We think of knights in shining armor, lavish banquets, wandering minstrels, kings, queens, bishops, monks, pilgrims, and glorious pageantry. In film and in literature, medieval life seems heroic, entertaining, and romantic. In reality, life in the Middle Ages, a period that extended from approximately the fifth century to the fifteenth century in Western Europe, was sometimes all these things, as well as harsh, uncertain, and often dangerous.