Exeter and District BNP Newsletter (April 2013) | Wind Power | Power Station



The Exeter & District Branch of the British National Party held a meeting at The Twisted Oak, Ide, near Exeter on Wednesday 24th April 2013, which commenced at 19.30 hours. What follows are details of topics discussed at the meeting:


 Cliff Jones said that he had received an E-mail from a Roger Bennett concerning Gary Marshall, the former BNP organizer for North Devon. The full E-mail can be viewed on page 3 of this Newsletter. Cliff, also, advised that he has received an E-mail from Clive Wakely of the British Democrats complimenting the quality of the monthly Newsletter. Clive’s E-mail, together with Cliff’s comments can be viewed on page 4 of this Newsletter.


Chris Stone’s Election Campaign
Cliff said that 2000 leaflets had been printed and passed to Chris Stone for distribution throughout the St. Leonard’s and Priory Wards of Exeter. Cliff had also printed an additional 400 leaflets that he had personally distributed throughout the Countess Weir area. Chris said that he had been contacted by a Jenny Newman of Radio Devon who requested that he gave them an interview, to which Chris agreed. The interview lasted for 10 minutes. He was told that the interview would be edited to 30 seconds, which would be broadcast during the next few days. So far he has been unable ascertain exactly when the extracts from his interview will be broadcast. Chris Stone requested more leaflets and some laminated flyers that he could attach to lamp-posts with string. Cliff pointed out that the printer was almost out of ink and that there is no money in the funds to purchase any more, so the ability to produce any more leaflets was limited. Adrian Romilly said that we should have a collection to raise the money, which was immediately carried out and raised £75. The next day Chris visited Cliff at his home and they were able to print 500 single sided leaflets with the small amount of ink that was available.

Newsletter, April 2013

3 Any Other Business
During the past month we have received details of enquiries made to the BNP head office. One such enquiry was made by someone with the name of Dr. Dan John. Adrain Romilly telephoned this person only to discover that it was a young boy making an enquiry to the BNP as a school-boy prank. Adrian’s further questioning of the boy reveals that he was probably set-up by his school teachers, which confirms our suspicions that our youngsters are being indoctrinated by the education system with anti-BNP propaganda.


Group Discussion: Energy – What Should the BNP’s policy Be?
The energy demands of the UK is a big topic to discuss in one short meeting, as it covers a wide range of options with many highly technical details. However, most people grasped the dire state of our current energy supply system and realised the urgent need for some drastic action to be taken to prevent power outages in the near future. The basis for the discussion was based on the document printed on pages 7 to 25 of this Newsletter.


Conclusion of Meeting
After a lively and enjoyable discussion the meeting finished at 9:00pm. However, on leaving the venue I spoke to the Landlord to make arrangements for our next meeting only to be told that he will be leaving in two weeks time and any bookings must be made with the new Landlord. This was a cause of much concern as at our previous venue, the Cowick Barton Inn, when a new Landlady took over she immediately prevented us from using the premises for our meetings. We don’t want this situation to happen again, and would wish to retain the Twisted Oak for our meetings as it is very conveniently located with good facilities. So that we won’t get evicted again I will in future book the venue under another name with no reference to the BNP. Consequently, in the future the venue will be booked under the name, Drake’s Drum Forum. The following passage gives a brief description of the Drake’s Drum legend:
Drake’s Drum is a snare drum that Sir Francis Drake took with him when he circumnavigated the world. Shortly before he died he ordered that the drum be taken to Buckland Abbey, where it still is today, and vowed that if England was ever in danger someone was to beat the drum and he would return to defend the country. According to legend it can be heard to beat at times when England is in peril.

Britain is currently facing immense peril from the EU and mass immigration; metaphorically, now is the time for members of the BNP to beat Drake’s Drum! Below is the letter-head I intend to use to advertise the forum.



It’s a sad state of affairs when a legitimate political organization has got to conceal its true identity so as to function freely without harassment from the far-left thugs affiliated to the Labour party.

A Plea for Help!
The following E-mail has been received
Hello Cliff, Your newsletter is excellent with a great deal of information. I shall pass this on to my friends to read. Would it be possible for you to mention the following: Gary Marshall exBNP officer, was made redundant last year from a well paid job. His wife Michele was then also made redundant. This was very bad news but more was to follow. In January, Gary was diagnosed with a malignant brain tumour. An operation followed. Unfortunately only 80% of the tumour could be removed by the NHS. The remaining 20% will kill Gary within one year. Michele has started a website to raise funds for Gary to send him to the USA where this condition can be and has been successfully treated. The cost will be around £40,000.00 which Gary and Michele do not have. Nationalists who have seen the appeal have been most generous but this is not enough as time is of the essence. Local businesses are raising funds by special events, which is so good of them but it is not fast enough. Can you please put an appeal out to your members who can contact me directly at rcb.uk@btinternet.com I can provide the postal address for those sending a donation by cheque. I hope you will do what you can. Thank you & Regards Roger Bennett.

Adrian Romilly confirmed that he had sent a £50 cheque in support of Gary’s medical costs.



An E-mail from the British Democrats!
I had a request from a collegue requesting that I send a copy of my Newsletter to Clive Wakely. I knew that Clive was no longer a member, but I E-mailed him a copy, as I do other lapsed members. Below is his reply.
Many thanks Cliff for you email and newsletter. Having been involved with the BNP between 1999 and 2011, I can say from personal experience, that your newsletter is one of the most comprehensive and interesting that I have read during those years. I'm a Devon man myself, having been raised in North Devon in the 1960/70s. Consequently I have a vested interest in seeing nationalism making progress in the county of my birth. As Joan has probably told you I am on the SW Steering Group for the Brit Dems, fulfilling exactly the same role I performed for Griffin a decade (and more) earlier. In those days, of course, the "main man" in the county was Tony North and we had just 97 members - not in Devon - but throughout the region. Joan may have also told you that our priority on the SW Steering Group is the creation of a regional structure of branches and groups, which - as you no doubt already realise - includes Devon. We are constantly on the look out for capable "old hands" and so if you ever feel you are "flogging a dead horse" as far as the BNP is concerned then please get in touch as we need experienced officials to run things. There is one thing that, perhaps, you could help me with - can you tell me who the BNP's SW Regional Organiser is these days? Once again, many thanks for the newsletter. Clive.

Personally, I think the British Democrats are a lost cause; created by dissidents and agent provocateurs to sabotage the Nationalist movement. I may be wrong in my views; but I still believe that the fragmentation of Nationalists into myriad groups each with their own agenda serves no one but our liberal/left-wing opponents who wish to destroy all opposition to the multi-cultural, politically-correct society they wish to impose upon us. Currently within the Nationalist movement there is no charismatic leader, free from controversy (whether real or imagined) who can unite our common interests. Although not perfect (Who is!) Nick Griffin is the best of the bunch and is doing a splendid job of promoting the BNP. Hopefully, in the near future a new charismatic leader, free from taints and smears, can be found who can unite the various branches of Nationalism. As separate entities none of the Nationalist movements will achieve anything – united we stand, divided we fall.



Totnes Capitulates to Sodomite and Lesbian Demands!
Politically-correct Totnes Town Council has allowed the homosexual lobby to use their town for the promotion of their perverted life-style choice as can be seen in the pressrelease detailed below: Totnes to host Pride 2013 Event
Proud2Be Project is set to launch it’s first rural pride event in Totnes, Devon for all local lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and their friends, family members and supporters. The event will be held at The Civic Hall in Totnes on Saturday 14th September 2013 at 12.00pm and will include a live panel debate, live music, food and drinks, workshops & stalls for local community organisations and the Devon & Cornwall Police. Sgt. Ryan Doyle from the Devon Diverse Communities Team said: “Devon and Cornwall Police are proud to support Totnes Pride as part of our commitment to the LGB&T communities in the area. We would also like to congratulate Mat and Jon Price and the Totnes Pride team for organising the day and hope that this can be established as a successful annual event” The project founders said: “As gay children growing up in a small rural village we both know how isolating it can feel to be LGBT identified and have little access to those of the same community. We felt it was time to bring Pride into rural areas where LGBT people are at most risk of feeling isolated and invisible. We are really looking forward to showcasing and celebrating our wonderfully diverse community at Totnes Pride later this year”. The Proud2Be Project invites everyone to attend. Whether LGB or T or their friend, family member or supporter.

As can be seen from the press release it is apparent that Devon & Cornwall Police can find the resources to fund a Diversity Team, yet are incapable of tackling the real problems that affect most people in Devon – such as vandalism, petty crime and yobbish behaviour.



Coping with Old Age!
I received the following E-mail from Roger Bennett that you may find amusing.
Yesterday, my daughter again asked why I didn't do something useful with my time. Talking about my "doing something useful" seemed to be her favourite topic of conversation. She was "only thinking of me", and suggested I go down to the senior centre and hang out with the guys. I did this, and when I got home last night I decided to teach her a lesson about staying out of my business. I told her that I had joined a parachute club. She said, "Are you nuts? You're almost 79 years old, and you're going to start jumping out of aeroplanes?" I proudly showed her that I even got a membership card. She said to me, "Good grief, where are your glasses! This is a membership to a Prostitute Club, not a Parachute Club." "I'm in trouble again, and I don't know what to do... I signed up for five jumps a week," I told her. She fainted.

Life as a senior citizen is not getting any easier, but sometimes it can be fun!


NEWSLETTER: APRIL 2013 Energy – What Should the BNP’s Policy Be?
One of the most serious problems facing the UK in the near future will be the provision of energy to power industry, commercial facilities, transport and homes. Throughout the later half of the 20th century Britain has relied on coal, nuclear energy, North Sea gas and plentiful supplies of petroleum products mainly from the Middle East. As a consequence of the cheap availability of these energy sources folk developed a lifestyle that used these precious energy sources in a wasteful and frivolous manner, with the assumption that cheap energy will be with us forever. The British National Party must have an energy policy that: provides affordable energy for our future needs; reduces our overall energy use by elimination of wasteful practices and initiating energy saving schemes; changing peoples life-styles so that it is less reliant on the private car and unnecessary journeys. The following sections of this paper examines the current state of Britain’s electrical supply industry and how it should be developed to meet our future needs

How did Britain’s Energy Supply Industry Develop?
The only energy available to our early predecessors was muscle power, so the amount of work undertaken, or distance travelled, was limited to their strength and stamina. Probably the first source of energy available to mankind was the ability to harness fire to cook food and keep warm, so maintaining and preserving the energy stored in his body for future use. As mankind started travelling over water it must have soon become apparent to them that utilising the wind would greatly ease the burden of paddling the boats manually. Using nature’s resources reached its peak in the early 1700s with windmills being used to grind corn, and the more reliable and powerful watermills being used for the more heavy industrial work like powering spinning and weaving mills.

Steam Power
In the early part of the 19th century Thomas Newcomen of Dartmouth developed a steam engine that was used for pumping water out of mines. Newcomen’s engine operated on the principal that a reduction in pressure occurred when the steam within a cylinder was condensed causing the piston to be sucked downwards; consequently its efficiency was very limited, and it could only be used cost effectively if located adjacent to vast supplies of cheap coal. However, it was truly the first steam powered machine capable of doing effective work.



The Newcomen Steam Engine
Worked on the principle that steam contained within the cylinder would rapidly condense if water was injected into it, creating a drop in pressure, so causing the piston to be drawn downwards.
James Watt’s improvements to the Newcomen engine, and the mechanism to convert reciprocal into rotary motion resulted in a steam engine that could now power mills and foundries. This enabled fabrics and steel products to be manufactured more efficiently than had been possible when the whole process was done by manual labour.

James Watt

Electric Power
Steam engines provided the energy to power industry, shipping and the railways; but its power source was coal which was extremely labour intensive to extract from the ground. Consequently, in the early days of steam power the average person saw very little benefit as they were mostly engaged as virtual slave labour working in atrocious conditions and living in

abject poverty. It wasn’t until Michael Faraday’s scientific discoveries in electro-magnetism with the electric motor and generator that the general public were to get the benefits of energy production delivered directly to their homes. However, much work had to be done by engineers and scientists before an efficient electrical generation and distribution system was feasible to supply a complete town. The early generators were DC (direct current) machines which were suitable for use in a small localized area, but were impractical when power had to be distributed over large areas. The development of AC (alternating current) generators and transformers permitted AC electrical supplies to be transformed up to a high voltage, so reducing power loss in the distribution cables and then transformed down to a low voltage for use in domestic premises.

Michael Faraday

The first electric generator

When reliable AC generators and transformers became available it was then possible to supply a complete city with electrical power. The first city to have an electrical distribution system was Buffalo in the USA, which was supplied from hydro-electric generators located at the Niagara Falls. The utilisation of hydro-turbines to generate electrical power was limited to those locations that had a suitable quantity of water situated high enough to provide sufficient kinetic energy to power the turbine. So for most locations another form of energy had to be found as the reciprocating steam engine could not rotate the alternator fast enough. The breakthrough came with the Charles Parson’s invention of the steam turbine in 1884. It was initially used in ships of the Royal Navy, but as their power increased they were used to power turbine generator sets. In the UK it was town councils or local private companies who provided electrical generation plants primarily for street lighting, but eventually extended their supply to feed trams, shops and offices; and finally for the lighting of private dwellings. In 1915 there were some 600 electrical generation companies using a variety of power generation plants operating at various voltages. The Electricity (supply) Act of 1919 merged these companies into more manageable units with a single power station supplying a large area. The Electricity Supply Act of 1925 created the Central Electricity Board which established the National Grid (Operating at 132kV, 50Hz supply) that linked the larger generation plants throughout the country. The Electricity Act of 1947 merged 625 electricity companies into twelve area electricity boards, much as we have today. Practically all of this

generation plant was coal fired, creating steam to power the turbines. This dependency on coal was to prove disastrous during the 1970s as striking miners disrupted supplies. A single energy source for power generation was avoided, after this period. Nuclear generated electrical energy commenced in the 1950s with the building of the world’s first nuclear power station at Calder Hall, after this some twenty Magnox and AGR power stations were built. The last nuclear power station to be built was the PWR, Sizewell C.

Charles Parsons

What is the Current Situation with Regards to Britain’s Energy Requirements?
In the home the energy needs for heating is supplied by gas or electricity; with cooking, lighting and other utilities provided solely by electricity. Most of our industries are powered by electricity through the National Grid, although some of the larger manufacturers produce their own electricity using diesel or gas generator sets. Practically all of our commercial organisations are powered by electricity though. Transportation is still reliant on electric traction and petrol or diesel power. Power generation is largely produced by coal-fired power stations, with oil-fired power stations making a small contribution. North Sea gas is used for a large proportion of power generation, but as North Sea production falls this is being replaced by imported gas. Nuclear power is providing a diminishing proportion of our energy demand, with all the Magnox stations being decommissioned and the AGR expected to be phased out over the next twenty years that leaves only Sizewell C as a long-term energy provider. Wind turbines currently make a negligible contribution to our energy requirements.


How Should Britain’s Future Energy Requirements Be Met?
Britain has a variety of options it can pursue to meet our future energy needs. What follows is a list of the options available together with their feasibility, costs and practicality.

Britain has an abundance of coal, some estimates suggest that it will last for another 250 years based on the current rate of extraction; however, it is most unlikely that all this coal can be mined. Whatever the true recoverable reserves of coal are, it is apparent that for the foreseeable future coal must play an important part in our energy requirements.

Cottam Power Station
Advantage of using coal: • • • • • Not dependent on foreign suppliers, who may cut off our fuel supplies if the political situation changes. Ample supplies available for the foreseeable future. Provides jobs for the British workforce. Plenty of existing coal-fired power-stations available, so no expensive new-builds required. Energy output supply is permanently available; not dependant on wind, sunlight or tides. Disadvantage of using coal: • High CO2 and other toxic emissions such as sulphur-dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen-oxide (NOx). • Labour intensive to mine. • Dangerous to mine • Expensive to transport from mine to power-station.

Coal will play a very important part in Britain’s energy demands for at least the next 30 years, when newer and more efficient power generation processes become available. Therefore it is essential that all existing coal-fired power stations are retained in reserve to cope with peaks of high demand, and as a safeguard in the event of possible oil and gas shortages. Mining coal may soon become redundant as another way of extracting its energy is by the method of Underground Coal Gasification. Think of it as drilling for coal energy instead of mining for it. It involves baking coal while it is still underground while channelling the CO2 up through turbines to harness the fuel. Using controlled fires and the pressure of gravity, experts predict that coal seams once deemed inaccessible can be turned into fuel. To fill the holes left in the earth by once-present coal? Miners would inject stabilizing carbon dioxide into the void.



Britain’s North Sea oil reserves are becoming depleted and we are evermore reliant on imported oil from volatile Islamic countries who would not hesitate to cut off our supplies to promote their own agenda.

Littlebrook D

Advantage of using oil: • A fuel that is adaptable and versatile – can be processed to fulfil a variety of applications from power generation to the powering of transportation. • Inexpensive to transport (in comparison with coal). • Currently plenty of supplies available. (But for how long?) • Energy output supply is permanently available; not dependant on wind, sunlight or tides.

Disadvantage of using oil: • Dependent on foreign suppliers, who may cut off our fuel supplies if the political situation changes. • High CO2 and other toxic emissions such as sulphur-dioxide (SO2), nitrogen-oxide (NOx), carbonmonoxide (CO), and nitrous-oxide (N2O). • As oil reserves diminish, or become more expensive to extract, then the cost of power generation and transportation by oil products will become prohibitively expensive.

Oil and associated products are too important to be used as the base fuel for generating electricity, and should be reserved for transportation needs. Oil should only be used for standby generators during mains power supply failure, or in providing temporary power supply back-up during periods of high demand.



Britain’s North Sea gas reserves are becoming depleted and we are evermore reliant on imported gas from Russia or volatile Islamic countries. The supplies from Russia come to the UK via pipelines that cross many European counties; the UK is at the end of this pipeline, so each country on its route is at liberty to take all the gas it needs leaving none left for Britain – as has happened in the past. Other supplies are shipped in from the Middle East, which can be diverted to other customers at a moment’s notice.

Killingholme Power Station

Advantage of using gas: • A fuel that is adaptable and versatile – can fulfil a variety of applications from power generation to domestic heating. • Easy to transport through the national pipeline network. • Currently plenty of supplies available to fulfil Britain’s base load. But because of low storage capacity it cannot meet our needs over prolonged periods of cold weather. • Energy output supply is permanently available; not dependant on wind, sunlight or tides.

Disadvantage of using gas: • As our North Sea gas fields become depleted, we are becoming more dependent on foreign suppliers, who may cut off our fuel supplies if the political situation changes. • The main emission will be carbondioxide (CO2) with other toxic emissions such nitrogen-dioxide (NO2) and carbon-monoxide (CO).

Fracking is another method of obtaining gas, but there are problems associated with this extraction method (such as the creation of earth tremors and the poisoning of water courses) that need to be addressed before gas can be extracted. Even if fracking is found to be a safe method of gas extraction, it is thought that the resources available will only last for 5 to 10 years; so it will not solve Britain’s energy requirement over the long term.



Nuclear Fission
Because of the Labour government’s obsession with green energy, it failed to build any new nuclear power stations after Sizewell ‘B’. It will be at least another 10 years before a new nuclear power station can be built; consequently, without the capacity of nuclear power it is inevitable that in the near future power outages will occur on a regular basis.

Torness AGR Power Station
Disadvantage of using nuclear: • • • Could emit radio-active fall-out in the event of a major malfunction (unlikely), or as a result of terrorist activity. Decommissioning of disused powerstations expensive due to the presence of radio-active materials. Storage of spent radio-active materials costly and prolonged.

Advantage of using nuclear power: • Plenty of supplies of uranium available – at least for the next 50 years. • Reliable, safe and proven technology. • Clean energy source, free from polluting chemicals. • Energy output supply is permanently available; not dependant on wind, sunlight or tides.

Britain led the world in developing energy from nuclear power; however, over the past 25 years governments of all varieties have failed to invest in research and development (R&D) that would have maintained the UK at the forefront of this technology. All of Britain’s nuclear and power station manufactures have been sold off to French (EDF and Alstom), German (Siemens) and Japanese (Hitachi) companies. Consequently, all of Britain’s R&D, design and manufacturing capabilities (together with its patents and intellectual property) were sold off cheaply to foreign companies who in most cases closed down the manufacturing facilities and moved production to their own countries. Until new sources of power generation become available, nuclear power is absolutely essential to meet our energy requirements for the next 50 years.



Wind Turbines
To appease the green lobby, the Blair government signed up to every convention and protocol that claimed would reduce global warming resulting from man-made CO2 emissions. Grants were given to environmental friendly energy suppliers to build vast arrays of wind turbines throughout the country in the hope that renewable energy would supply 10% of the UK’s energy needs by 2010.

Ardrossan Wind Farm
Disadvantage of using wind turbines: • Only produces electricity if the wind is blowing within a precise velocity range. • Expensive to produce for the amount of power generated. • Spoils the beauty of the natural environment. • Noisy. • In the event that the wind fails, then 100% back-up power generation required using fossil fuels.

Advantage of using wind turbines: • Does not create any CO2 or other toxic emissions. • Safe to operate. • Low levels of maintenance required; hence inexpensive to operate. • Costs nothing to produce energy.

Wind power is a costly failure, promoted by the Blair government to tempt Green Party voters to switch their allegiance to Labour.



Solar Power
The previous government gave people much incentive to install solar panels on their roofs, by buying surplus energy from them at almost double the price of mains generated electricity. The current government has removed this incentive for all new roof installations – hence, you no longer get telephone calls from solar panel installers touting for business.

Advantage of using solar power: • • • • Does not create any CO2 or other toxic emissions. Safe to operate. Low levels of maintenance required; hence inexpensive to operate. Costs nothing to produce energy.

Disadvantage of using solar power: • Only produces electricity in hours of daylight, so less power produced in winter months when the energy is most needed. • If solar panels located in roof of house, then slant of roof must be in southerly direction. • Expensive to manufacture.

Solar power is certainly useful for some applications, such as lighting and remote telecommunication power supplies; but is not really practical for applications that require high energy demands, such as ovens and electric heaters. For domestic application it certainly needs to be backed up by the mains power supply.



Wave Energy
Waves are in general produced by the wind, even light breezes unsuitable for wind turbines will create waves suitable for generating electric power. However, only certain locations will creates the type of wave required. So far few are in existent, so operational experience is limited.

Advantage of using Wave Energy: • Does not create any CO2 or other toxic emissions. • Safe to operate. • Apart from routine maintenance costs, it costs nothing to produce energy. • In general waves provide continuous power generation.

Disadvantage of using Energy: • • • • Initial installation costs very high. Costly to maintain if problems occur; and subject to corrosion. Will obstruct marine activities. Can cause some damage to the marine environment.

It’s unlikely that wave power will ever be a major provider of electricity in the UK, but in certain locations may provide a useful addition to our energy demands.



Tidal Barrage and Flow
Britain being an island is surrounded by the sea, so it’s logical to think that there must be an almost ever-lasting supply of free energy obtainable from tidal sources. The tide can be utilized in two ways to provide power; one method being a tidal barrage, and the other utilizing tidal flow.

Tidal Flow Turbines

Severn Barrage
Advantage of using Tidal: • Does not create any CO2 or other toxic emissions. • Safe to operate. • Apart from routine maintenance costs, it costs nothing to produce energy. • The tide can be predicted with absolute accuracy, so energy use can be planned to coincide with the varying tide. Disadvantage of using Tidal: • Initial installation costs very high. • In the case of tidal flow turbines they will be costly to maintain when problems occur; and subject to corrosion. • Tidal flow turbines will obstruct marine activities. • A tidal barrier will permanently alter the ecology upstream of the dam.

The Severn estuary is the only real site where a tidal barrage can be erected, but this has been rejected by the government as it is deemed too costly, even though it will produce 5% of Britain’s energy requirements based on current population levels.



The Green lobby want Britain to convert all its coal-fired power-stations to bio-fuels (i.e. wood) as it is considered to be carbon neutral in that the carbon (CO2) emitted by burning wood is compensated by the fact that plants need carbon to grow, hence reducing the carbon in the atmosphere. The Labour government under Tony Blair signed up to all of the conventions concerning Global Warming; as a consequence Britain is converting a perfectly good coal-fired power-station at Drax to use wood imported from Canada at considerable cost.

Drax Power Station

Advantage of using Bio-fuels: • Supposed to be carbon neutral? • Energy output supply is permanently available; not dependant on wind, sunlight or tides.

Disadvantage of using Bio-fuels: • • • • High CO2 and other toxic emissions. Costly to import wood from Canada. Environmentally damaging Land that should be used for growing food is used to grow plants for burning in power-stations.

This form of energy production must be the most environmentally damaging of all types currently in use. It beggars belief that anyone could be stupid enough to believe that any form of power generation that burns wood could be carbon-neutral! It should be noted that Britain was one of the few countries to sign the IPCC (Intergovenmental Panel on Climate Change) protocol; China and the USA, both bigger polluters than the UK did not sign.



Pumped Storage Hydro-Electric
This a type of hydro-electric power generation used by some power plants for load balancing. The method stores energy in the form of potential energy of water, pumped from a lower elevation reservoir to a higher elevation. Low-cost off-peak electric power is used to run the pumps. During periods of high electrical demand, the stored water is released through turbines to produce electric power. Although the losses of the pumping process makes the plant a net consumer of energy overall, the system increases revenue by selling more electricity during periods of peak demand, when electricity prices are highest.

Dinorwig Power Station

Advantage of using Pumped Storage Hydro-electric power: • • • • Does not create any CO2 or other toxic emissions. Safe to operate. Apart from routine maintenance costs, it costs nothing to produce energy. Stores off-peak electricity as potential energy for future use.

Disadvantage of using Pumped storage Hydro-electric power: • • • Initial installation costs very high. Damming to create lakes can cause damage to the environment. Needs high mountains with high rainfall to create and maintain a lake with sufficient capacity to provide potential energy power turbines.

Apart from a few locations in Scotland and the Lake District, Britain does not have sufficient high altitude lakes to provide the power source for pumped storage hydro-electric power generation. Consequently, hydro-electric power generation will never be a major supplier of electricity within the United Kingdom; but it is useful in supplying peak-load demand for electricity.



Below the Earth’s surface the magma rock is at a temperature much higher than that at the surface. This heat can be utilized through a system of heat exchangers to produce enough energy to power a power station. Geothermal energy has been used successfully in many countries to produce electrical power; however in all of these instances the source of the heat energy has been close to the surface so minimizing the amount of drilling required to reach the hot magma rock.

Geothermal Power Station

Advantage of using Geothermal Energy: • Does not create any CO2 or other toxic emissions. • Safe to operate. • Apart from routine maintenance costs, it costs nothing to produce energy. • Energy output supply is permanently available; not dependant on wind, sunlight or tides.

Disadvantage of using Geothermal Energy: • Not all locations are geologically suitable. • Initial installation costs may be very high, if deep drilling is required.

Geothermal energy may prove to be a useful addition to Britain’s energy demands, but many more geological surveys are required to ascertain whether the costs involved make it a feasible option. However, heat extracted could be used for area domestic heating schemes where high temperatures are not required.



Thorium Nuclear Reactors
Thorium nuclear reactors have been proposed as the source of all future power generation. Currently there are none of these reactors in operation, and it is likely to take a minimum of 20 years before the first trail reactor is built and ready for testing.

Thorium Nuclear Reactor
Advantage of using Thorium Nuclear Reactors: • • • • • Plentiful supplies of thorium readily available. Does not create any CO2 or other toxic emissions. Safe to operate. Apart from routine maintenance costs, it costs very little to produce energy. Energy output supply is permanently available; not dependant on wind, sunlight or tides. Disadvantage of using Thorium Nuclear Reactors: • Radio-active waste produced, but at a much lower level than nuclear fission.

Thorium must be the answer to Britain’s long term energy demands, and it is essential that money is spent on research and development (R&D), such that the technology and expertise remains the property of the British people, and is not sold on the cheap to raise money to cater for the welfare needs of the immigrants invading our country.



Nuclear Fusion
Nuclear is the holy grail of power generation that has been alluding scientists since the war in the development of a fully operational system. If it ever proves feasible to produce such a system, then it will permanently solve the world’s energy needs.

Nuclear Fusion Reactor
Advantage of using Nuclear Fusion: • Does not create any CO2 or other toxic emissions. • Safe to operate. • Apart from routine maintenance costs, it costs very little to produce energy. • Energy output supply is permanently available; not dependant on wind, sunlight or tides. Disadvantage of using Nuclear Fusion: • There are no known disadvantages associated with this system of power generation.

If ever nuclear fusion becomes a reality it will certainly transform the world’s energy needs. Progress is being made in the development of this technology, but it’s unlikely to become a viable option within the next 50 years. In the meantime progress continues on the research and development of nuclear fusion.

What Should Britain’s Future Energy Policy Be?
The manner in which the labour government under Tony Blair destroyed the country’s energy generation capacity in pursuit of the green agenda will leave Britain facing frequent power cuts in the not too distant future. Can this crisis be averted? If so, then how?

The Actions that Must be Taken to Avert an Energy Crisis
• • • • Withdraw from the EU and declare as null and void any treatise concerning CO2 emissions and global warming signed on Britain’s behalf by the Labour government of Tony Blair. Re-instate all coal-fired power-stations recently closed or due for closure. Build new British designed and manufactured nuclear power-stations. Stop all new developments of wind turbines.

• • • • • • Set up a R&D establishment with a British workforce to design and develop a range of thorium reactors such that the building of new thorium power-stations can commence within ten years. Continue with the R&D associated with wave and tidal-flow energy generation. Fund R&D into geo-thermal energy extraction. Continue with funding of R&D associated with nuclear fusion. Investigate the extraction of gas by fracking to ensure that it can be achieved without polluting water supplies. Fund R&D into methods of storing energy, such that it can be used when energy demand is high.

Other points that must be addressed concerns that of energy usage; which can include: • • • Loss of heat energy through poorly insulated dwellings. Unnecessary use of private cars for pointless journeys; such as the school-run. Children would be a lot healthier if they were made to walk to school. With the internet more people can work from home, so saving immense amounts of energy on commuting costs – furthermore, people work more efficiently within their own homes without the distractions of open-plan offices.

Clearly, there is a lot that needs to be done to prepare the nation for the forthcoming energy crisis. What has been detailed in this article high-lights only a few of the problems envisaged together with some of the recommended corrective actions that can be taken - whether this proves to be adequate, only time will tell.


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