You are on page 1of 44

May 2010 Volume 243 No 5



For further information on ARCBAN arc flash protective garments call 01925 645645 or visit


May 2010 Volume 243 No5


Inside this issue:

I Pulling the plug on unsafe practice I Smart machines, more power I Solving enclosure confusion I Smarter choices in electrical testing
Arc flash Page 28

Test & measurement Page 10 Factory automation Page 14

Switchgear technology Page 24


Atkins, as part of the Engage consortium, has signed one of the biggest engineering contracts in Europe with Fusion for Energy (F4E). The consortium has been awarded the architect engineer contract for the building and civil infrastructures for ITER, the worlds latest experimental nuclear fusion reactor in southern France. The Engage contract is valued at approximately 150m. Martin Grant, managing director of Atkins energy business, said: ITER ranks as one of the most technically challenging projects the world has ever seen and it must be delivered to a time-critical schedule. This is a remarkable opportunity for Atkins to showcase its engineering and management skills on the world stage and, together with our partners we are now at the centre of a scheme that will pull engineers together across country, company and skills boundaries. As members of the Engage consortium we will be involved in all stages of the design and construction of the ITER complex, providing civil, structural and mechanical engineering, together with commercial management through our cost consultants, Faithful+Gould. Atkins has been involved in the nuclear sector for nearly half a century, and with over 1500 people with nuclear skills we are one of the most experienced and well-resourced consultancies in the UK. The Engage consortium is made up of Atkins, Assystem (France), Iosis (France) and Empresarios Agrupados (Spain). As architect engineer, the consortium will assist F4E during the entire construction process, from detailed design to works completion for the ITER buildings as well as the site infrastructures and the distribution of the power supplies. At the peak of the design activity, more than 230 engineers and designers will work on the contract. A Swedish energy company has increased the amount of energy it can sell by 35 GWh/year with the installation of ABB medium voltage drives. Mlarenergi had been using resistors connected to slip-ring motors to control the speed and hence the flow in the district heating pumps. The heat from the resistors was used in the production of district heat. This method of using the heat created by the losses is comparable to using electricity to produce district heating, an expensive method with todays high electricity costs. The company invited ABB to perform an energy appraisal, which revealed a lot of energy could be saved by upgrading the pump and fan applications with variable speed control technology. ABB replaced the resistors and slip-ring motors on the district heating pumps with variable speed drive systems, including drives, high efficiency motors and transformers.


Building services company, SES, has has secured a further 75.6m worth of orders across the UK. Mark Perkins, CEO for SES said, Our strategy of focussing on delivering excellence for our clients in sectors that we can add real value to has seen our order book grow for the year ahead. We place a lot of importance on being a thinking business and this means that we are constantly innovating, refining and developing our solutions and processes with each project we deliver. This approach has now seen us move, in a significant way, into other key sectors such as energy, carbon reduction and waste. All in all, we are quite positive about the future regardless of the uncertainty surrounding public spending cuts. New contracts include: John Lennon Airport, Goodhope Hospital and Bournville College in Birmingham, Holland Park School in London; Greater Manchester Police Headquarters and BSF schools in Nottingham and Hull.

For the latest news, products and event information visit

I Specialist trade supplier, Electricfix, is opening a network of trade only counters throughout the UK. The counters will provide the same fixed prices and availability already offered by the Electricfix next day delivery service, but with the same day convenience of a local merchant. The new counters will be located next to Screwfix branches and will only be open to specialist trades. Electricians will have access to the range of Electricfix goods at exclusive prices, which are lower than those offered by Screwfix. The trade only counters will be open six days a week with 80 scheduled for launch by the end of May 2010, and more to come later in the year. I UPS Systems has signed a partnership agreement with BOC, a member of the Linde Group, to distribute its new low cost Hymera 150w hydrogen fuel cell generator in the UK. UPS Systems and BOC are bringing to market what the claim to be the UKs first commercially viable hydrogen fuel cell generator package. There are no installation costs as the fuel cell is a direct plug and play solution; users can connect a hydrogen cylinder, plug in the equipment and switch on the fuel cell.


TAS Engineering Consultants, a Stockton-on-Tees headquartered electrical, instrumentation, automation and control engineering specialist, has been acquired by GSE Systems. GSE Systems, based in Baltimore, Maryland, USA and Glasgow, UK, is a leading global provider of realtime simulation and training solutions to the power, process, manufacturing and government sectors. The acquisition will provide GSE Systems with a stronger UK and European presence by enabling TAS to deliver simulator-based training and engineering solutions. The deal is said to have the potential to enable TAS to double the size of its workforce over the next three-to five years. Central to the growth will be TASs ability to design and construct control room simulators for the energy industry, which allow power plant operators to simulate the exact operations of a plant in a training scenario. The company will also provide training services for the simulators. On the back of this growth, TAS has almost doubled its turnover to 2.4m in the last two years and anticipates continued growth following the acquisition. John Maplesden, managing director of TAS, said: As part of GSE Systems we will be able to build upon the growth we have already achieved. We have enjoyed excellent progression in the past few years and, with the security and resources associated with a major international company, we can implement a programme of investment and recruitment that will take the business forward. Entering the simulation facilities and training sector is a natural progression for TAS and enables

John Maplesden (left) and Graham Wren (right) inside a control room simulator the company to establish an increased presence in a rapidly expanding power generation sector. He added: This acquisition also proves the depth and breadth of engineering expertise, which exists on Teesside. GSE Systems have recognised the high standard of the industry in the area and the quality of the workforce, particularly those who have helped to build TAS. Graham Wren, GSE Systems managing director in the UK, said: The acquisition of TAS brings strong and complementary skills and experience into the GSE family of companies. The combination of world class simulation technology from GSE and strong project management, electrical and control engineering will allow us to provide our customers with an enhanced service from design concept through plant commissioning to operational support and training.


Electrical Review May 2010



WEEE and lamp recycler Electrical Waste Recycling Group (EWRG) and electrical wholesaler City Electrical Factors (CEF), both owned by the Mackie family, have brought court proceedings against compliance scheme Recolight and four major lamp manufacturers. The dispute centres on Recolights alleged refusal to accept or be responsible for any lamps collected by CEF and EWRG. Philips Electronics UK, GE Lighting, Osram and Havells Sylvania UK together have an 80% share in the lamp market, and are also majority shareholders in Recolight. CEF and EWRG allege Recolight is controlled by these manufacturers, though it is said both companies acknowledge Recolight is an open scheme. Since 2007, manufacturers have charged electrical wholesalers like CEF 15p per lamp to cover the cost of treating and recycling waste lamps. This surcharge goes to Recolight, who in turn is responsible for recycling these old lamps when they are returned, though CEF continues to pay the 15p per lamp surcharge to manufacturers. CEF alleges Recolight has refused to accept bulbs collected from its customers since 2008, and CEF (under its obligation to take old lamps away once it has replaced them with new ones) has been forced to arrange and pay for the collection, treatment, recovery and disposal of these lamps. EWRG was one of a number of recyclers contracted by Recolight to recycle lamps. It alleges Recolight has refused to accept responsibility for any lamps collected by and processed by EWRG under the firms existing business arrangements with a number of commercial organisations, including CEF and other national electrical wholesalers. EWRG is therefore burdening the cost to recycle the light bulbs despite the fact that the manufacturers are charging substantial sums of money to meet these costs via Recolight. CEF and EWRG are claiming at least 350,000, but it is thought the figure may run in to millions of pounds. The writ itself claims the levy generates 3.8m a year for Recolight. A statement from Recolight said: Recolight strongly denies the claims by Electrical Waste Recycling Group and City Electrical Factors, and has filed a robust defence in the High Court, fully setting out its position. EWRG and CEF said in a statement: It is alleged by us the actions of the manufacturers and Recolight are anti-competitive and a breach of both domestic and European law. Their actions, we allege, have caused financial damage to both claimant companies and in particular to EWRG which has been compelled to undergo a recent restructuring and redundancy programme to allow it to continue to meet its contractual obligations to numerous third parties, something which it is determined to do. Reports suggest Recolight decided not to renew some contracts with EWRG because of health and safety, environmental and quality concerns at two of its plants. In February of this year, EWRG was fined 145,000 for exposing workers to toxic mercury fumes at its Huddersfield recycling plant, after pleading guilty to breaching Section 2(1) of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.


Advances in test technology have increased the range of test instrument options available to contractors

As manufacturers converge data between the plant floor and business office, machines that leverage the power of these domains have become a machine builders competitive advantage

Specifiers must assess enclosure construction before specifying products as the incorrect choice can lead to significant and costly consequences

I .A long term service agreement has been awarded to Siemens Energy Service Fossil by Barking Power, one of the largest independently owned generating plants in the UK. The new fouryear exclusive agreement covers the maintenance and service of the non-OEM steam turbines and generators. Barking Power Station, based in Dagenham, Essex is operated and managed by Thames Power Services. The station is capable of generating up to 1,000MW and uses Combined Cycle Gas Turbine (CCGT) technology.



The electrical industry has thrown its weight behind the new AM2 Assessment of Occupational Competence (AOC), launched by NET (National Electrotechnical Training). The Joint Industry Board (JIB), Electrical Contractors Association (ECA), Electrotechnical Assessment Scheme (EAS) Management Committee and the Sector Skills Council, SummitSkills have all backed the new assessment. This launch is the culmination of two years of industry consultation, said NET business development manager, Stephen Plant. The new AM2 has been designed by the industry, for the industry. We are confident the modifications will reinforce it as the stamp to show that its holders and their employers are capable of providing the highest possible level of service to clients in todays environment. Steve Brawley, chief executive of the JIB says: The AM2 provides the industry with proof of the practical competence of each individual at the end of their JIB apprenticeship. The JIB is all about maintaining and improving high standards in the electrotechnical industry and the AM2 assessment is an excellent benchmark

EDITOR Elinore Mackay 020 8319 1807 ADVERTISEMENT MANAGER Neil Coshan 020 7933 8977 PRODUCTION MANAGER Tania King 020 7933 8975 CLASSIFIED SALES EXECUTIVE John Steward 020 7933 8974 PAID SUBSCRIPTION ENQUIRIES Tel: +44 (0) 1635 879361 ELECTRICAL REVIEW SUBSCRIPTIONS

which supports the JIB in achieving this objective. Successful candidates can obtain their Electrician card within the Electrotechnical Certification Scheme to accredit their competence. Trevor Hill, development manager at SummitSkills said: The industrys contribution to the updating of this electrotechnical competence assessment has been incredibly positive. The experience and advice of those currently in the industry, in roles at different levels, was used to ensure that the AM2 reflects the skills and knowledge needed by to-days electricians.

St John Patrick Publishers PO Box 6009, Thatcham Berkshire RG19 4QB, UK SUBSCRIPTION RATES: UK 160.00 per year, Overseas 195.00 (EU 300.00 US$360).
Electrical Review is a controlled circulation monthly magazine available free to selected personnel at

Yu Ming Tan
Uninterruptible Power Supplies Limited UPSL has appointed Yu Ming Tan as its Southeast Asia general manager. UPSL managing director, David Bond said: Based in Singapore, Yu Ming Tan brings with him a wealth of industry and local knowledge, which is going to be invaluable in building the right team and offering customers a level of service only achievable through someone who truly understands the region s business culture. EIC has appointed experienced, chartered quantity surveyor Robert Duggan to take commercial control of its mechanical, electrical and building fabric MEBF offering. Formerly a quantity surveyor for Carillion s facilities management division, Duggan, who started his professional life as a buyer, has more than 20 years commercial control experience. His first task for the national building services specialist has been to develop a programme of bespoke costing for all MEBF contracts going forward. By producing a uniform set of costing documents, EIC is aiming to develop a policy of complete transparency across all estimated and formal costing papers so clients will know how their potential spend is broken down. Recolight, the specialist WEEE compliance scheme for gas discharge lamps GDLs , is pleased to announce the appointment of its new membership development manager, Frank Craven. Craven joins Recolight from WSL-Europe where he worked as sales and marketing consultant for six months. Previously, Craven worked for Havells Sylvania for 24 years, where he was initially in wholesale distribution sales, then in Technical and Specification sales, spending 15 of these years in the OEM division. Craven has a HNC Lighting Engineering qualification from the University of Salford.

the publishers discretion. If you wish to apply for regular free copies then please write to: Electrical Review Subscriptions P O Box 6009, Thatcham, Berkshire, RG19 4TT Tel: +44 (0) 1635 869868 Fax: 01635 868594 Email:

Electrical Review is published by

Robert Duggan

Laurence Pountney Hill London EC4R 0BL 020 7933 8999 PUBLISHING DIRECTOR Chris Cooke PUBLISHER John Owen PRINTING BY William Gibbons Any article in this journal represents the opinions of the author. This does not necessarily reflect the views of Electrical Review or its publisher St John Patrick Publishers
ISSN 0013-4384 All editorial contents Saint John Patrick Publishers Ltd 2009. Jan-Dec 2008 8,798

Frank Craven


Electrical Review May 2010


The new Singapore office will open in May 2010 Uninterruptible Power Supplies Limited (UPSL), a UK provider of power protection solutions, has announced it will be renamed Uninterruptible Power Supplies Limited, A Kohler Company, will be launching a new website and is embarking on a global expansion programme. The programme, already in development, will see the first International office open in Singapore in May. Other new locations are also planned for 2010, with China, India and the Middle East initially being targeted. The statement follows Kohler Global Power Group's acquisition of the UK based UPS and generator specialist in September 2008 and signals the American giant's entry into the European power protection market. UPSL managing director, David Bond, commented on the decision:"Since joining the Kohler family we have spent a great deal of time identifying the right direction for the company and examining its position within the global UPS market. Moving forward, our strategy will see some challenging goals being set, including opening up several new international markets and increasing the company's turnover tenfold in the next five years. However, despite these demanding targets, we are extremely confident we have the products and infrastructure to meet our objectives and significantly increase UPSL's market share, both in the domestic market and abroad. Talking about the expansion plans, Yu Ming Tan the companys new Southeast Asia general manager, remarked: "With the reputation Kohler Global Power Group brings to the table, the decision to reflect our parent's name in our international branding will undoubtedly make it much easier for consumers to recognise and distinguish our advanced product range. Looking specifically at Singapore, it's vital we create clear blue water between the Kohler UPS brand and its competitors we feel Kohler's history, combined with our product and service offering will ensure we can achieve this."

I Denman Instrumentation has completed its 29th contract with multinational power and infrastructure company, Alstom. The contract, for commissioning and calibration at Alstoms new power plant in Fujairah, UAE, has been an ongoing project since early 2009. Denman has been working with Alstom (formerly ABB before a buy out in 2000) for nearly 20 years. The Hull-based company gained its first contract with the infrastructure giant in 1993 working on the Killingholme power station in Lincolnshire.


posters tdoor display nals reckon ou sio es of pr ple ng fective. A sim Most advertisi sages to be ef es m sic ba ass of m ry le ve t not a who must contain ng graphic. Bu hi tc ca eey an slogan, with appears to . ds mpany E:On or w the German co s y ph so ilo ph la l rge poster That is not a ere are severa th n, io at st ere is a local railway is because th accept. At my I only know th r. fo id pa ve corner. which E:On ha e bottom right says: ny logo at th pa m co the top, which te re at sc e di a small headlin of less s e ist us ns to co The poster ny want me energy compa heet an ds ld oa ou br w a h an reading Why on eart awing of a m dr e and h lin a ap is gr le w Te lo energy? Be ist, the Daily ex ill st o tw pink, it must f which only newspaper (o r isnt coloured pe pa e th as Times - and the Financial 485 words title). to no less than be the former is given over er st po e n is by O th E; But most of far-sighted plaining how ex , py co ate with n n te co I note they of tightly writ ergy - which en ve cely any er ar ns Sc . co ng light-bulbs helping us to vi sa gy er en illion of free dishing out m er installed. I admit I nd ev of which are rap line, which st a is , er st it. of the po t. Were on At the bottom u get energy yo ng pi el H s media g. It reads: Perhaps E.On very confusin lude from this? nc co e ers only w st ld po What shou sured such t they have en ea gr s of too so es e in ar rd s buying skill , given the ta re he W s. rm cking ilway platfo ive readers ki appear on ra any prospect m be l el w there may many trains, the 485 s I was). (a their heels ed to read all really suppos is dy bo no eling that, s fe Or perhap the poster rn away from tu to d inking ea st -th in words. But r-sighted deep obviously a fa is is an angst. th rm t, Ge no verbose or ir measure of fa a ith w ed ably riddl k? company, prob t do you thin puzzled. Wha y el in I am genu

than 51% of young men in their A study by Screwx reveals no less plug. This compares with only 15% twenties are incapable of wiring a over 50. such incompetents amongst men rently leaves one in eight young appa bulb light Even changing a just 3% of we oldies are men completely stumped whereas net tting. And when it comes to apparently unable to turn a bayo men in their twenties would call in bleeding a radiator, over half the just (just?) 17% of their dads. professional help compared with laconic response from the folk at I particularly enjoy the wonderfully s some young men struggle to Screwx. It goes: Our research show ious generations. live up to the expectations of prev


My congratulations to the World Bank. It is to lend no less than $3.7bn the South African stateto owned electricity genera tor, Eskom. The money will be used to build the Medupi power station in Limpopo province rst of two giant coal- the red power stations Esk om plan to have in operation by 2016. I am quite sure the Wo rld Bank is absolutely right to completely ign its own guidelines, reg ore arding the need to ens ure that carbon offset actions are undertake n to combat the extra emissions that Medup cause. It is surely an abs i will olute nonsense for the US, UK and Dutch government to refuse to endorse this projec t, citing such environm concerns. ental After all, we have an abs olute assurance from none other than the World Banks president , Robert Zoelick that, fro m the start, the plant use clean coal technolog will y. The fact R & D testin g for such technology not due to conclude, unt is il way after both Medup i stations are up and running, need surely giv e us all no cause for con cern.



Planning Commission. Because it is he

All those with an interest in constructing new power stations have a great interest in the man who has been appointed to run the governments new Infrastructure who is taking over from local authorities the role of deciding which of these get the go-ahead. The man with this onerous task is one John Saunders, an ex-banker with absolutely no planning qualications. But whose main pertinent experience seems to be as a former licenser of bouncers at the Security Industry Association. There are ve electricity companies hoping for a particularly sympathetic hearing from Mr Saunders. These are National Grid, Innogy, Powergen (now E:On), National Power (now RWE) and Northern Ireland Electric. And what do these ve electricity companies have in common? I will tell you. It is John Saunders name on their shareholders register.

The Sunday Times is not a newspaper given to und erstatement. Either in the exposs, or in the porten sheer length of its breath tous nature of its accom less pan ying editorials. Recently, revealing generating elec it ran an enormous article tricity from the wind can , from time to time, prove This prompted an equally intermittent. verbose editorial castiga ting windpower, which con far better to stick with "kn cluded with the advice it own technologies that can is deliver, like clean coal. be the dirtiest of fuels, you Coa l being acknowledged to have to assume by this app arent contradiction the Sun referring to the concept day Times editor is known as carbon capture and storage, intended to reta of carbon dioxide caused in and store the emissions by burning coal. That being the case, the Sunday Times editor mig ht have acknowledged tha unproven technology. Hen t this is as yet an entirely ce the reason why the Eur opean Union is hoping to storage demonstration fun d 12 carbon capture and plants. It is unlikely we sha ll know whether these can commercially during this be made to work decade. So, with the bes t will in the world, scarcel Unlike perhaps using the y a trie d and tested option! Sunday Times to light re s with.



Electrical Review May 2010


SMARTER CHOICES in electrical testing

FOR CONTRACTORS involved in electrical testing there has never been a wider choice of test instruments available. In recent years the instrumentation industry has been at the forefront of innovation and technical advances. These changes have been made in recognition of the situation for electrical companies, particularly during difficult economic conditions, the challenge is to balance the provision of efficient, high quality test services with a competitive price tag and value for money offering. The test companies that flourish will be those that combine a fast and effective service that does not compromise the quality of testing undertaken and who can build on existing customer relationships. In fact customer service and satisfaction levels have become a crucial area for electrical test companies. With less work around existing relationships become even more important. It follows that an ability to enhance existing customer services through the provision of a costeffective and added-value test service can do much to both reinforce a companys reputation and maintain a positive profile with influential prospects. In addition, as well as a wide variety of testers available, the ability to provide a seamless link between test instruments used in the field and central test record systems that produce test certification and other reports also takes on even greater importance. The good news for large and small contractors is advances in test instrumentation mean a range of options are available to meet specific test needs and budgets for periodic electrical installation testing or portable appliance testing. resistance and (occasionally) inductance and capacitance. The first named forms an essential part of the procedure for proving a system dead before starting work, whilst the other categories are more concerned with commissioning and testing procedures and fault finding. Guidance note GS38 provides details of the risks associated with the use of unsatisfactory test equipment and includes a list of safety precautions and requirements all professional electricians should be aware of. However, in terms of selecting appropriate 17th Edition test instruments, electrical contractors are broadly faced with a choice between multifunction/combination testers or single application specific testers. As the name implies the latter are designed to carry out one specific function RCD testing, insulation, earth resistance etc and the all in one type testers are single units designed to carry out a wide range of tests including earth loop, insulation resistance, continuity, RCDs etc. Choice invariably depends on the scope of work to be carried out, but increasingly it is the multifunction testers

Customer service and satisfaction levels have become a crucial area for electrical test companies


The HSEs Guidance Note GS38 provides guidance to electrically competent people involved in electrical testing, diagnosis and repair. The note identifies three main test instrument categories those that detect voltage, those that measure voltages and those that measure current,


Electrical Review May 2010


Above: In these combined testing and certification testers, all data transfer between the PC and the instrument can be achieved easily using Bluetooth connectivity Right: Powerplus PC

that have become the preferred tools of the trade for those involved in 17th Edition testing. This is for both practical reasons, in terms of using one meter constantly rather than swapping and changing between testers, and also for budget considerations buying, maintaining and calibrating one combination tester is invariably cheaper than buying three separate ones. Multifunction 17th Edition testers carry out the required circuit tests and display the test reading for transfer onto the test certificate manually or alternatively, readings can be recorded on a PDA and transferred to a desktop application for certificate printing. Some testers are also linked with smart phone and portable laptop applications which work in the same way by gathering test data collected in the field for subsequent transfer onto a master certificate. The latest generation 17th Edition testers eliminate the use of intermediary devices by storing a replica of the test certificate within the tester so test data can be automatically incorporated onto the certificate as testing is undertaken. In this way the instrument combines the functions of a multifunction test instrument and data logger. When inspection and testing is complete, the certificate held inside the tester can be transferred to accompanying PC software for the completion and print out of formal certificates. As a result the time consuming (and therefore costly) practice of recording results on paper, a dummy certificate or a PDA is avoided. In addition, because the tester warns the user if any certificate fields appear incomplete or invalid, verification of data can be carried out on site immediately and without return visits. Recently the concept on on board certification in testers has been extended with additional features aimed at large testing organisations or the testing of large premises. For example, the moist advanced 17th Edition testers now have the ability to upload certificates generated on a PC into multiple testers. This is particularly useful in situations where a number of test personnel might be working on the same large installation, such as a hospital development or shopping mall and enables specific test work to be allocated to a number of engineers very easily. Once testing has been undertaken, the software enables test results downloaded separately from different testers to be merged into a single certificate

for the premises concerned. Another new feature is the ability to clone certificates from an existing master document. This allows the user to select an existing certificate and use this as a template to create multiple certificates for identical or similar electrical installations. The cloned certificates will contain all of the distribution boards and circuit details held in the original and therefore represents an easy way of generating certificates for, say, 20 or more houses on a street which all have the same electrical configuration. In these combined testing and certification testers, all data transfer between the PC and the instrument can be achieved easily using Bluetooth connectivity. This means a certificate can be uploaded to the tester, the required test and inspection carried out and the information downloaded to a PC and the final certificate printed directly onto pre-printed NICEIC, ECA, ECA Select or Napit stationery. With such a wide range of test instruments and accessories to choose from, electricians and contractors involved in 17th Edition electrical testing can be sure the right test package solution is available to meet their specific needs and budget. In recent years substantial technical development has gone into the development of new test instrumentation so the tester can now be used in a much more effective manner improving operational efficiencies, adding value to the test process and enhancing customer relationships.

Multifunction testers have become the preferred tools of the trade for those involved in 17th Edition testing




Putting engineers back in CONTROL

ONE OF THE BIGGEST challenges substation control engineers face, is not how to implement interlocking schemes based on IEC 61850, but how to test them. The problem is particularly acute, because at present IEC 61850 is being more widely used for interlocking than it is in protection applications. Of course, options do exist for testing IEC 61850 interlocking schemes. However, these almost always involve the use of protective relay test set that supports IEC 61850. This approach, however, is far from ideal. The first concern is that, in most cases, control engineers are not protection engineers. They are unlikely, therefore, to be familiar with the operating a protective relay test set. They could, of course, learn, but thats a pretty steep learning curve for something that is not central to their work. Another issue is protective relay test sets are necessarily costly, since they incorporate high-performance precision amplifiers and other elements that are expensive to develop and produce. Yet these are not needed for testing interlocking schemes, so using a relay test set in this application is not only overkill, it also needlessly ties up expensive capital equipment. Its clear there is a pressing need for a reasonably priced instrument that is simple to use and provides all of the facilities needed for testing IEC 61850 interlocking schemes, but does not incorporate the expensive extras needed for protective relay testing. Its not difficult, in principle at least, to imagine how such a test set would work. First of all, it would monitor the Goose messages IEC 61850 installations use to communicate and it would convert them to the ordinary type of on/off binary signal that control engineers are used to working with in non-networked installations. The test set would also be capable of working in the opposite direction. That is, it should take signals from ordinary contacts and convert them into appropriate Goose messages. In effect, a test set of this kind is simply an interface between the Goose messages on the bus and the electromechanical world of the control engineer. Of course, theres rather more to be considered than this very basic overview initially suggests. For example, the conversion between Goose messages and binary signals must be fast enough so as not to materially affect the timing of the interlocking system. In practice, a conversion time of less than a millisecond, which is achievable with careful design, will be fast enough to satisfy the most demanding of requirements. Next, it is clearly necessary to be able to associate particular Goose messages with specific inputs and outputs on the test set. This is best accomplished with software but, if it is to be intuitive and easy to work with, the software needs to be carefully designed. Further refinements can also be envisaged. For example, LEDs that provide instant visual confirmation of the state of the instruments binary inputs and outputs would be an important benefit for users. The ideas mentioned in this article have driven the development of Meggers new Goose Message Interface.. This embodies a number of unique technical features for which patents are pending, and offers the most efficient and cost-effective solution currently available to the challenge of testing IEC 61850-based substation interlocking schemes. That is, however, by no means the limit of the capabilities of the Goose Message Interface. While it may not be particularly interesting to control engineers, the unit can also be used to adapt a conventional protection relay test set so that it can be used to test IEC 61850 protection schemes. This is a big benefit for users that already have protection relay test sets whether they are units supplied by Megger or by others as it is offers a very straightforward and cost-effective upgrade path. It also creates an attractive option for consultants and smaller organisations who can now purchase a Goose Message Interface and a modestly priced relay test set, to cover all their relay and interlocking test requirements for both conventional and IEC 61850 schemes. Equipment that allows convenient and dependable testing of IEC 61850 interlocking schemes has, until now, been difficult or even impossible to find. This situation has now been addressed by Meggers Goose Message Interface, an instrument that provides the added bonus of facilitating the testing of IEC 61850 protection schemes.

Meggers Goose Message Interface



Electrical Review May 2010

Figure 1: CMC 850

A new test set dedicated to IEC 61850

The standard IEC 61850 [1] covers the communication in utility automation systems. More and more substations use a communication system according to this standard incorporating GOOSE and Sampled Values. This article describes Omicron's new test set, CMC 850, which was developed to fulfill the requirements of customers working in pure IEC 61850 environments
CMC 850
The CMC 850, shown in Figure 1, is the first test set dedicated to IEC 61850. It focuses on the described real time communications utilising Goose and sampled values. The device is controlled by the well proven Omicron Test Universe software. Additional features can be accessed through a new web interface. The device was developed for the IEC 61850 standard, working without classical secondary values. The result is a small and light weight device which is compact and easy to carry having a width of just 80 mm and a weight of only 1.7 kg. Conventional I/Os and analog outputs are not available. The capabilities of CMC 850 regarding IEC 61850 are the same as their big brothers CMC 256-6, CMC 256plus, CMC 353, and CMC 356: The CMC 850 has the capabilities of simulation and subscription of up to 360 data attributes up to 128 Goose messages, and the generation of up to three sampled values streams (one stream contains 4 currents and 4 voltages) The supported sampled values version and more specifically the option with 80 samples per cycle is in accordance with the implementation guideline of the UCA International Users Group [2], (widely known as "9 2LE"). accessed with a normal web browser. One feature is the visualisation of received sampled values in a multimeter or oscilloscope view, seen in Figure 2. Subscribed sampled values are used to calculate the phasors, which are then provided as synchrophasors according to IEEE C37.118 [2]. Recorded network traffic (in PCAP-format) can be played back through the device.
Figure 2: Sampled Values visualized in web browser

devices (IEDs) and for factory and site acceptance testing. The device is also ideal for demonstrations of IEC 61850 IEDs and for training purposes.

Time synchronisation is an important issue when dealing with sampled values. The CMC 850 is delivered with the CMIRIG-B interface which allows synchronization to IRIG-B or a pulse-per-second (PPS) signal. Time stamping of Goose messages and sampled values is made possible through the use of Network Time Protocol (NTP) or Precision Time Protocol (PTP) according to IEEE 1588-2002, V1).

Omicron was the first vendor to provide testing solutions for IEC 61850. This device, equipped for current and future testing in the IEC 61850 environment, is the result of vast experience, technical skill and collaboration with international standardisation committees.
Figure 3: CMC 850 Connector Side

The CMC 850 is equipped with two independent Ethernet-Ports (Figure 3). Each of these ports can be used for controlling the test set with a local PC, or for sending/receiving Goose and/or sampled values. This allows maximum flexibility in the configuration and a segregation of IEC 61850 data combined with the control protocol for the test set.


The device provides additional built-in functionality, which cannot be found in other CMC test sets. These functions are The CMC 850 test set is perfect for use in the IEC 61850 environment. It is particularly suitable for use in the development of intelligent electronic

For more information visit or call 01785 251 000


Smart machines, more POWER

Andrew Smith

AS MANUFACTURERS converge data between the plant floor and business office, machines that leverage the power of these domains have become a machine builders competitive advantage. Information-enabled machines arm manufacturers with a valuable resource for gaining critical operational insight they need in todays knowledge-based business environment. While helping to differentiate machine builders in the marketplace, information-enabled machines have another advantage: they help machine builders reduce total cost to design, develop and deliver those machines to the market. As the economy has cooled, demand for information-enabled machines has heated up. Why? Machines with embedded intelligence offer an innovative way to wring more productivity out of the manufacturing operation. Thats because these machines generate data and diagnostics that leads to

meaningful analysis. That analysis helps control engineers precisely identify how to improve their processes.

Industry standards help

Fortunately for machine builders, industry standards such as EtherNet/IP have made building these sophisticated machines easier than ever. The EtherNet/IP protocol allows users to control, configure and collect information over the same network while still having the ability to support standard Ethernet functions such as e-mail, web page browsing and data sharing. With such broad capabilities and performance, EtherNet/IP can serve the functions of multiple network levels. This converged network infrastructure simplifies a machines design, and in turn helps machine builders lower their design costs.


Electrical Review May 2010


Fortunately for machine builders, industry standards such as EtherNet/IP have made building these sophisticated machines easier than ever

The savings are even greater for machine builders that pair EtherNet/IP capabilities with controllers that have advanced text string handling instructions. With supporting hardware, EtherNet/IP-enabled controllers can initiate e-mails to multiple addresses to deliver reports that maintenance personnel can use. For example, maintenance can check alarms, provide manufacturing proficiency data to management or deliver machine diagnostic data to the OEM. This deep understanding, along with remote access capabilities, helps keep machines running. Embedding intelligence-gathering devices into machines helps machine builders provide customers with self-diagnostic equipment that can predict and prevent failures. This improves productivity and can reduce repair costs. Some machine builders provide an overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) report and other advanced information displays via the human-machine interface (HMI), giving operators instant insight to these diagnostics. In addition, the end user can relay machine condition information back to the machine builder for value-added monitoring and analysis services. Technicians can then securely connect to the machine to monitor critical parameters and take action before a machine fails.

effective control over their Ethernet/IP network, which can work especially well for applications with small or highly distributed network devices or devices connecting to the controller.

Achieving high performance

Information-enabled machines are essential for giving operators and managers the insight they need to technologies and resources, machine builders can reduce their overall cost to design, develop and deliver these sought-after machines. Machines that effectively bridge the gap between the shop floor and the top floor ultimately help OEMs meet customer demands for highperformance machines.

Savings beyond the machine

Machine builders traditionally designed equipment with a focus on meeting the needs of the controls engineer. However, they also need to consider the needs of IT professionals. At Rockwell Automation we have developed tools, technologies and resources to help OEMs both address and facilitate this top-floor to shopfloor integration. New products help machine builders manage real-time information flow by reducing network latency and jitter. Modular managed switches can now address the network convergence activities by offering features for both IT professionals and control engineers. Fixed managed switches can also give users cost-


CWM Automation was recently tasked by TSC Foods with developing a fast and efficient cell for measuring and filling plastic pots with a premium soup product. Products from Rockwell Automation formed part of the solution. Visit /features to read the full story.


Electrical Review May 2010


Geoff Brown


What type of fuse should I use for a VARIABLE SPEED DRIVE?

On a weak supply, a normal fuse may take two to three seconds to clear, which is ample time to inflict some serious damage on a drive. Semiconductors, such as those used in the rectifiers and inverters of AC drives, are heated rapidly by excess current, so even a short exposure to overload can be very damaging. Drives differ from other equipment in that they have large amounts of energy stored in the DC link capacitors. With the DC link isolating the motor from the supply, protection for the motor is effectively provided by the drive. However, the rectifier and associated components must be protected at the supply side. Fuses and circuit breakers measure the current passing through and therefore are very sensitive to the effective fault level of the supply for their clearance time. As well as fitting the recommended rating of fuse or circuit breaker, the user must be careful to calculate the clearance time; the required clearance time will be given in the drive manufacturers data. Typically, clearance times of 500 mS will be adequate, but times as short as 100 mS may be needed. Such short clearance times may necessitate the use of high speed fuses, also known as semiconductor fuses, to ensure appropriate protection. While the fuse or circuit breaker selected may be sufficient for the average network supply, consideration must also be given to alternative supplies, such as generators which have much lower fault levels, to ensure that the drive has adequate protection at all times. If using a residual current device (RCD), the role of the radio frequency filters must be considered. These filters are used in most drives to mitigate conducted emissions. By the nature of their design, they have an inevitable earth leakage. In addition, the drive will always exhibit a very small level of DC in its supply, which can prevent some types of RCDs from tripping. If using an RCD, the drive should be fitted with low leakage filters. However, the choice of RCD is still a difficult area and the RCD manufacturer should always be consulted.

Geoff Brown, Drive Applications Consultant, ABB Limited I Tel: 01925 741 111 I Fax: 01925 741 212 I Email: I Web:


Solving Enclosure CONFUSION

Andrew Smith


THE VARIOUS enclosure materials available have their strengths and weaknesses and in order to specify the most appropriate material, these must be fully understood. In addition, the importance of the right quality enclosure is critical. The role of an enclosure is to protect valuable electrical components and personnel and it just doesnt make sense to save a few pounds by purchasing an inferior product to protect high value systems. A substandard enclosure could result in leaks, damage to equipment, and possibly even become a hazard to the public. If this happens not only is the user faced with the cost of replacing the enclosure, there is also the cost of changing any damaged components, downtime and possible litigation. It is critical the same level of time and investment goes into choosing the right quality enclosure, in order to reflect the time and money spent in developing the system it contains and the system(s) it is connected to. Choosing the right material for the job is also an important consideration. Buying a high quality enclosure, but in the wrong material, can be a costly mistake. Depending upon the application and the preference of the customer, there are three common materials which enclosures are manufactured from: mild steel, stainless steel and GRP. But regardless of the material used, each enclosure should be chosen to suit the specific application they are intended for and this includes having the appropriate IP rating. IP ratings are defined in the IEC 60529 standard for degrees of protection provided by enclosures, published in the UK as BS EN 60529. The degrees of protection are specified by the letters IP, followed by two or more digits. The first digit (1 to 6) depends on the protection given by the enclosure to equipment within it against the ingress of objects, and also the protection of persons against contact with live parts of equipment within the enclosure. The second digit (1 to 8) relates to the protection of equipment against the

harmful ingress of water. Either digit can be replaced by X for an unspecified condition. Optional supplementary letters can be used to specify only the protection of persons against access to hazardous parts, and to stipulate special conditions, such as use for high-voltage apparatus or under specified weather conditions. In general, a higher number represents better protection, although specifiers should be aware this isnt always a guarantee, as sometimes an enclosure might, for example, pass the tests for IP67 but not to a lower rating such as IP65. It is important specifiers fully understand the conditions of use for an enclosure, as simply specifying a high IP rating does not necessarily mean it is right for the job. The designations refer to the ability of the enclosure to pass the tests under controlled conditions, not to its ability to withstand influences such as weather, sunlight, corrosion, or extremes of temperature. A product can meet the highest level for protection against ingress of water, yet be subject to rusting, so customers must make clear what they are actually expecting from an enclosure rather than relying solely on an IP rating. In addition to IEC (BS EN) 60529 there are two other standards widely used for enclosures; IEC (BS EN) 62262 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment against external mechanical impacts (IK code) and IEC (BS EN) 62208 Empty enclosures for low-voltage switchgear and control gear assemblies general requirements. BS EN 62262 uses the letters IK followed by the numerals 00 to 10 to specify the enclosures ability to withstand mechanical shock including direct impact. These ratings are used across all materials including mild steel the UKs most popular choice. This type of enclosure is suitable for most indoor applications. With IP ratings up to IP66 and a high IK rating, it is robust and


Electrical Review May 2010

Buyers should be aware IP69K products from different manufacturers may differ, and might not even pass the tests for IPX5

strong in many environments. The fact that it is easily modified is another reason why it has remained a popular choice for so long. However, specifiers are gradually realising its weaknesses. Mild steel has poor anticorrosion properties if the material is not treated, and this treatment is usually expensive. In addition, cut-outs made after painting must also be protected, adding yet a further cost. As an enclosure material mild steel still has its place. For general purpose enclosures, either indoors or in industrial and commercial premises, it is a cost effective solution but the fact it corrodes so quickly makes it an unsuitable choice for any external applications. Stainless steel has been a popular material choice for

decades, typically used within the food manufacturing, food processing and pharmaceutical industries as well as for most external applications. It provides the same benefits as a mild steel enclosure but with greater longevity in aggressive environments. It is also rust resistant, however depending on the grade and the environmental conditions, tarnishing and corrosion can occur. Stainless steel also has its own natural finish and so requires no further treatment. GRP is best suited to outdoor applications as it does not corrode in damp/wet conditions, even when exposed to sea salt. It also offers excellent protection against UV rays and therefore it wont discolour. Being an insulator it offers extra peace of mind on public access sites and so GRP is fast becoming a major competitor to steel with its insulation, strength and corrosion resisting properties over a temperature range from -50oC to 150oC. GRP enclosures are designed for the wide variety of aggressive applications in which they are used. In


addition to the material, which is double insulated, selfextinguishing and halogen free, there are a number of anti-vandal features which make unauthorised access difficult. The list of industries that now accept GRP enclosures is growing and includes security, airports, highways, rail, utilities, telecoms and agriculture. It is also important to remember, especially when considering harsh environments, high IP levels are not necessarily an indication of a product being weatherproof. Other design features such as canopies also contribute to the enclosure providing the correct level of protection. IP ratings are invaluable in ensuring enclosures meet the correct standard however it is not always straight forward, as highlighted by one of todays most common misconceptions requests for enclosures rated IP69K. At first sight, when you consider the rules for IP codes there is no such thing, since this rating is not mentioned in any of the standards mentioned above. In fact it stems from a German national standard developed for use specifically in the automotive industry. DIN 40050-9 adds to the IEC 60529 rating system with an IP69K rating for high-pressure and high-temperature wash-down applications. The IP69K test specification was initially developed for electronic equipment on road vehicles, but has also been used in other areas such as the food industry, where the use of pressure washers is common. This standard is purely a German national one and currently has no real meaning in the UK or other countries, as it doesnt feature as part of a British or International standard. A project is now underway to incorporate its requirements into IEC 60529 but initial attempts by various test houses found the test equipment and procedures were not precisely defined by the DIN standard. This means they do not give the same result when performed by different test houses, and so cannot be compared. Some research has resulted in a proposal to modify IEC 60529 to include the designation IPX9, but this is still at an early stage, and needs more work before it can be published as an amendment to the standard. In the meantime buyers of enclosures should be aware that IP69K products from different manufacturers may differ, and might not even pass the tests for IPX5. They should also remember that even the IEC 60529 tests are fairly short, up to 30 minutes for IPX7, although longer immersion can be agreed as part of IPX8. As a result they do not define the enclosures ability to withstand longterm influences such as weather conditions. It is also often forgotten the water ingress tests do not specify that no water must enter; they allow water to enter but not in quantities that are considered to be hazardous, which of course cannot be determined without knowing what apparatus will be within the enclosure. Todays enclosures offer a wide choice of materials and the breadth of products available is always expanding but specifiers and designers should remember that correct material specification is vital in achieving product longevity. And it is impossible not just to choose an enclosure with the highest IP rating and expect it to do any job, in any environment. Specifiers need to carefully assess the conditions of use and prescribe the IP rating that is most appropriate and importantly one that is recognised by IEC or British Standards, as well as choosing the appropriate material for their enclosures.


Electrical Review May 2010


Arc Flash Protection... ARE YOU AT RISK?

Chris Ross explains the principle themes to the Arc Flash Protection Programme from J & K Ross
Electric arc is one of the most deadly and least understood hazards of electricity. The outcome of an arc flash can be disastrous but most people are unsure how to deal with the risks effectively. An electric arc is an ongoing plasma discharge through normally nonconductive media such as air and occurs when there is a short circuit through the air between conductors or conductors and the ground, resulting in hazards including exposure of workers in front of the electric arc to extremely high temperatures, ultra violet light, toxic smoke and fumes and fast moving debris. This can result in burns, blindness, lung damage, hearing damage and death to not only the people working on the electrical equipment but also to people located nearby. J & K Ross has developed the Arc Flash Protection Programme to help companies assess the potential risks of arc flash, carry out the necessary checks and implement improved procedures if necessary. This may include the implementation of personal protective equipment (PPE). Risk Assess People working in the vicinity of or at energised parts of electrical systems need to be protected against the effects of possible electric arcing. All such work needs, first of all, to be subjected to a risk assessment. This will enable the risk from arc flash to be identified, determine who might be harmed and form the foundation of the next steps. React The severity of the thermal effect of an arc flash is defined as incident energy, which may arrive at the worker at a given distance from the electric arc, and is measured in calories/centrementre (cal/cm); it is the energy that a victim, at a given distance from the electric arc, could receive to the surface of their clothing. In cases where the clothing is not sufficiently protective against the heat and radiation generated by an electric arc, the victim may suffer serious skin burns. An arc flash study will tell you the incident energy likely to occur due to the flashover, or in simple terms how big is the bang? Following a risk assessment it may be necessary to carry out an arc flash study to establish the potential incident energy and then suitable risk control measures can be explored. Most importantly, there will be an evaluation that will highlight the cases of low risk, those which will need other protective measures and those areas where there is a great danger to workers who engage in live working activities or are working on or close to energized electrical equipment. Realise Based on the outcome of the risk assessment and arc flash study, control measures need to be implemented to remove, eliminate or reduce the risk. These measures should adhere to the following hierarchy of risk controls: 1. Elimination de-energise equipment before beginning work 2. Minimisation investigate trip times or fuse ratings and explore possibilities for faster disconnection times. 3. Information and training educate workers to ensure their competence 4. Control the risk properly maintain equipment and substations to ensure safe working systems 5. PPE issue as a last line of defence to help prevent burn injury to workers If it is still necessary to protect workers, providing all other practicable measures have been taken to minimise the risk, adequate PPE should be issued as a last line of defence. PPE can help protect against the thermal effects of an arc flash but it doesnt prevent the accident from happening in the first place. Flame resistant (FR) clothing can be rated based on its Arc Thermal Performance Value (ATPV) in cal/cm2. To properly protect a worker, the ATPV rating of the FR clothing must exceed the calculated prospective incident energy caused by an arc flash onto the worker at a given distance from the electric arc. J & K Ross, in conjunction with DuPont Personal Protection, has developed ARCBAN a range of CE certified arc flash protective garments made from Nomex. The ARCBAN range of garments are designed to be layered to offer the relevant level of protection when required for different jobs with different possible incident energies and ensure that the worker is not restricted or compromised with cumbersome clothing, which would have been selected based on being appropriate for the worst case situation. Layering the garments can help to increase the ATPV levels due to the air gaps in between the garment layers. It can also help with matching the hazard and risk with the appropriately designed PPE resulting in the wearer having more fit for purpose and comfortable solutions for the relevant hazardous environment. The ARCBAN range incorporates DuPont Nomex, an inherently flame resistant meta-aramid fibre that does not melt, drip or support combustion in the air. The thermal behaviour of Nomex is due to its molecular structure and not by applying a flame retardant chemical substance to the fabric, yarn, fibre or polymer. This means that Nomex offers permanent protection that cannot be washed or worn away. The ARCBAN range offers head to toe solutions providing various levels of electric arc protection.

DuPont and Nomex are registered trademarks or trademarks of E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company or its affiliates. ARCBAN is a registered trademark of J & K Ross.

For more information visit or call 01925 645645


The Pass MO installation at Reading


Hybrid substation SWITCHGEAR provides the best of both worlds

THE TERM HYBRID refers to the combination of both conventional air insulated switchgear (AIS) and the newer metal-clad gas insulated (GIS) switchgear. This hybrid solution, as found in ABBs Pass MO design rated up to 170 kV, uses existing, tried and trusted GIS components together with a conventional and extremely reliable AIS bus to connect the various hybrid modules. All the necessary substation switchgear bay functions, including a circuit breaker, one or more combined disconnector/earthing switches, bushings for connection to single or double busbar systems and a current transformer are integrated in one compact module, eliminating the need for separate pieces of equipment for each function.

Hybrid advantages
The advantages of the hybrid switchgear design include: L AIS busbar: The AIS busbar is relatively inexpensive while offering proven reliability. L All live contacts in SF6: Experience has shown AIS disconnector switch contacts require relatively high levels of maintenance, while experience with GIS is exactly the opposite. The use of SF6 technology makes the hybrid switchgear virtually maintenance free, this combines


Electrical Review May 2010

with a high level of reliability to ensure a lower global life cycle cost. L Fewer switching elements: Use of GIS technology allows rationalisation of switching elements. L Factory pre-assembled and tested: The hybrid modules are fully pre-assembled and tested in the factory. This ensures a higher quality of finished bay than if it is assembled under site conditions, minimises installation time on site typically two days per bay, reduces the possibility of delay due to adverse site conditions and there is less need for skilled resources on site. L Monitoring and on-line diagnostics: The integrated nature of the plant facilitates the use of electronic monitoring and on-line remote diagnostics. L Substation modularisation: A modular approach to substation design offers cost and time savings during the design and construction phases. The use of standardized components reduces the number of possible variations and hence the risk of design errors. More predictable costs also offers a higher level of confidence in the project estimation process. L Space saving and reduced civil works: The hybrid design can save up to 70% of the space normally required for a conventional AIS substation, while also reducing the need for civil works such as foundations, steelwork and cable trenching operations L Combined disconnector/earthing switch: Pass MO is equipped with a combined disconnector/earthing switch. The mechanism has a minimal number of mechanical components and is intrinsically reliable and maintenancefree. L Circuit breaker: The Pass MO circuit breaker is a single pressure interrupter that operates by means of the well known selfblast principle. The energy for interrupting currents is partly supplied by the arc itself, this reduces the energy the operating mechanism needs to provide by around 50% compared with a conventional puffer type circuit breaker. L Versatility: The Pass MO range offers a series of modules for HV substations including: single bus bar (SBB); double bus bar (DBB); double circuit breaker (DCB). It can also be installed as a high voltage bay on a mobile truck for use in emergencies or if work has to be carried out on existing HV bays. L Transportation: The Pass MO fits into a standard truck container and does not require any packaging. No special arrangements are needed for shipping and transportation, and once on site just a simple 30 rotation of the outer poles is needed for the final layout.

Pass MO hybrid switchgear in DCB (double circuit breaker format)

deliver an additional 18 MVA of firm capacity to meet the growing demand for additional power, and need for load transfer, created by the significant urban redevelopment programmes on the north bank of the River Tyne. The restricted space available presented a particular technical challenge, since the Breamish Street site is not only compact in size, it is also hemmed in on all four sides by a hotel, a pharmacy, a residents association and the 18th century St Anns church. The space-saving capability of the design has been utilised to construct a new substation comprising two 66/11 kV 15/30 MVA CER transformers, a 66 kV in/out unit and a 13 panel 11 kV switchboard. A 66 kV feeder unit has also been installed at Fossway, the closest CE Electric UK substation.

Providing vital construction space at Reading

Hybrid switchgear has also provided an innovative interim solution for the new Scottish and Southern Energy (SSE) 132 kV indoor GIS substation at Reading, currently under construction by an ABB and Balfour Beatty consortium. The site presented a particular challenge as it was already completely full with time expired AIS switchgear that needed to remain in service until the circuits could be transferred to the new substation. At first, it appeared the only possibility would be to extend the site onto the local, heavily wooded, green space to offer the additional room needed for the construction of the new indoor GIS building. However, extending the site would have involved considerable planning time and expense and significant project delays. An innovative alternative was found by using ABB switchgear as a temporary measure to provide additional space to enable the new GIS building to be built within the existing site footprint. Firstly, ABB dismantled the generator circuit breakers that used to serve the old North Earley power station, which was demolished some years ago. This freed up just enough space to install the Pass MO modules to take over the operation of the AIS circuits at the far end of the site. This enabled the old AIS switchgear to be dismantled to make room for the new GIS substation. After all the circuits have been transferred to the new substation the Pass MO modules will be removed.

Tight fit for Breamish Street substation

Well over 2,000 Pass MO bays have been installed worldwide. Following its approval by the ENA (Energy Networks Association) one of the first UK projects to feature the range was CE Electrics UKs new 66/11 kV Breamish Street substation on a brownfield, urban site in Newcastleupon-Tyne. The new primary substation is helping CE Electric UK to


Electrical Review May 2010


Andrew Smith

Pulling the plug on unsafe PRACTICE

FOR ONE THING, the 13A kettle socket will be switched and most people would flick the switch first before withdrawing the plug. The industrial wall socket is commonly unswitched, or just with a separate rotary isolator fitted adjacent to the socket. This looks like an after-thought to protect the socket user by providing an isolator nearby and hoping it gets used. It depends on the isolator being operated before the plug is withdrawn from the socket to ensure the circuit is no longer live hardly a fail-safe solution. The consequence of pulling industrial plugs live out of sockets can simply result in the required disconnection of the electricity supply, but a much more serious outcome can be severe burning from electrical arcing or molten metal, usually brass the metal widely used for plug and socket contacts. The fact that often nothing happens to the user when the plug is pulled out can lead to a false sense of security and risks the action becoming routine or entirely normal and, as such, one of those things we dont think about when we do do it. Things can become even more dire if there is a fault in the plugged-in equipment - perhaps a locked rotor - then the danger of drawing an electric arc with the plug is extremely high. Preventing this outcome should be a corporate priority. test the strength and guile of the user. Some socket versions offer an interlock to prevent live pull-outs but these dont always withstand the physical frustration of the user trying to disconnect the equipment. The common result of repeated plug insertions and withdrawals is contact wear and loosening. Loose contacts lead to overheating which leads to oxidization and eventual failure. The abuse plugs and sockets seem to attract affects their serviceability. Conductor terminal screws loosen because nothing prevents them from loosening. The culprits are movement, thermal cycling and vibration. The cable entry point into the plug is often inadequate, forcing extra strain onto the conductor terminals themselves whilst the cable gland works loose and migrates up the cable sheath to perform no role whatsoever. If there is one application where duty holders are sensitive to these failings, it is the transport industry since refrigerated lorries must (increasingly) plug in overnight to cut down on noise pollution, engine wear and tear and fuel costs. It is common to see 415VAC 32A coupler sockets lying around on the tarmac suffering from the problems listed above but also quite possibly in or close to a pool of water. The RCD-protected socket posts will be at various angles having been reversed into by the trailer. The pin and sleeve design cannot offer a switched coupler socket thus trailers can be unplugged live with all the inherent dangers.

Its all in the design

The common industrial plug and socket design employs a brass pin fitting into a brass tube. Somewhere along this tube the male pin will make contact with the tube although not throughout the entire length of the tube a forced fit. The 16 and 32A versions are manageable, but the 63 and 125A versions

So whats the alternative?

The decontactor socket design approaches the contact problem head-on by using butt contacts instead of force fit types. The concept is it is safer to throw a switch before disconnecting industrial electrical plant and so the decontactor has an integral switch mechanism. So far its a plug and socket and a switch. But once the switch


Electrical Review May 2010

mechanism has been operated the isolator element comes into play. A decontactor is then a plug and socket, switch and isolator in one product all the elements needed for safe electrical work practices. This 3-in-1 design is made possible by the use of springloaded butt contacts. The silver-nickel tipped contacts mate head-on so there is no wear, no forcing of one into the other and disconnected by pressing a socket latch. Conductors are prevented from loosening by an antivibration terminal design. Pressing this latch is the only way to release the plug. This is particularly important if an extension lead is used. Holding the plug in one hand and the coupler socket in the other constitutes an across the heart connection. As the decontactor is a load-break device, the plug is already dead before it can be removed from its socket. Its the simplicity of design that makes the decontactor such a versatile product giving the user the benefits of flexibility and above all safety on the shop floor. Flexibility comes from the ability to have previously hardwired equipment pre-plugged ready for easy re-location to suit production needs, from having equipment isolated quickly and safely by multiskilled staff and from the ability to take single phase supplies from three phase decontactor sockets. Motors fitted with decontactors can be replaced in a fraction of the usual replacement time. User safety is provided ultimately by the electrical performance of the product. As an example, the 20A rated decontactor was successfully subjected to 10kA withstand and close-on tests - 80A delayed fuse, power factor 0.49 at 480VAC. Because the contacts close onto each other immediately, the current flows and, in the case of closing on a fault, trips the protection (ie. the fuse or circuit breaker). Each socket contact has its own arc chamber and the socket is fitted with a safety shutter to prevent access to the contacts. As expected, sockets can be padlocked off to provide visible isolation. Most versions offer auxiliary contacts for controls or signals if required.

Reducing risks
Instilling safety procedures into the workforce is a fulltime job. Staff turnover means constant vigilance is required, particularly when the command of English is limited. Cleansing regimes, where required, remain unfriendly to electrical equipment particularly to sockets that are on the front line. The decontactor, as a supply socket or motor disconnect, offers a much improved level of safety to users, backed up with positive test lab results, compliance to BS EN60309-1 (industrial sockets), BS EN60947-3 (air break switch) standards AC22, AC23 & AC3 and ultimately the Low Voltage Directive.

If there is one application where duty holders are sensitive to these failings it is the transport industry


Electrical Review May 2010




...AND receive a FREE one year subscription to the digital publication delivered to your inbox (WORTH 36.50)
One year subscription for only 40 (UK) and 60 (Overseas)
T FREE DELIVERY to your door T SAVE 19% on the Shop Price T NEVER MISS an Issue T Solutions & Case studies for the professional engineer T Fresh ideas, tips and tricks T Analysis of whats coming next in technology T Features on a wide range of markets from automotive to medical T In-depth technical articles T International coverage around the globe


UK: 0870 428 1426 International: +44 1635 879361


AEG Power Solutions has announced the introduction of its new Protect D. series of uninterruptible power supplies (UPS). The Protect D. series has a power factor of 0.9 and offers exceptional energy efficiency for communications room, computer room and data centre applications. Building on more than 60 years of experience in the manufacture of power supply and power control systems, AEG Power Solutions has set a new standard in UPS design with the Protect D system. These versatile new products can be rack mounted or used in floorstanding, tower configuration. Despite its compact footprint, Protect D series UPS incorporate internal battery packs which can be accessed via the front panel of the UPS for maintenance checks and replacement without having to remove the UPS from its rack mounting. If additional runtime is required, matching external rackmounted battery units may be supplied.


Hager has introduced direct connect Kwh meters that are among the first to meet the new European EN 50470-3 MID approval regulations. They are part of a new range being introduced by the company. The approval is mandatory if you are going to use the meter for payment purposes, such as in multi-tenanted offices or retail centres. The direct connect meters have an accuracy of +/- 1 percent and include single phase with direct connection to a maximum current of 63A and three phase meters to a maximum current of 100A. Other meters in the range include three phase meters with connection via current transformers and a three phase meter with a KNX output for use with bus based systems. Other than the KNX meter, the new range has a pulsed output and can be adapted to interface across all kinds of networks.


Ideal Industries Networks Division has introduced its newly upgraded VDV Pro cable tester now featuring a backlit full dot matrix screen viewable in low-light in order to improve the ability of technicians to provide superior service during voice, data and video installations. Ergonomically designed for handheld use, the VDV Pro is the industrys simplest to use cable diagnostic and verification solution, allowing technicians to quickly check the integrity of virtually any cable found in a residential or commercial VDV installation, including telephone wiring, data network cabling, and video/security alarm wiring. The VDV Pro has integrated RJ11/12 (voice), RJ45 (data) and coax F-Connector (video) interfaces built into the top of the unit, reducing the time needed when transitioning between voice, data, and video cable testing, plus doing away with the expense of replacing lost adaptors.


Lamps from Megaman (UK) Ltd have been used to provide an effective, low energy light source for ArcelorMittal's factory in Willenhall, West Midlands. Over 150 high bay luminaires, incorporating Megaman's Clusterlite lamps, have been installed in the 150,000sq ft facility which is used for manufacturing and warehousing. Megamans Luster High Bay and 320W Clusterlites have been installed to replace the previous metal halide lamps to achieve increased energy savings and decreased maintenance. All of the lamps are on photo cells to maximise the energy saving element of the project and Megaman Clusterlite lamps provide a longer life, making them ideal for use due to limited access to some of the lamps. Combining all the virtues of compact fluorescent technology, excellent lumen maintenance after 15,000 hours of operation, superb colour rendering and uniformity and excellent lumen output, Clusterlites performance is said to exceed that of the majority of HID lamps.

PD Devices has extended its range of surge protection devices (SPDs) to include a new range of Type I, Class I products. These address the requirements of BS EN 62305-4:2006, Code of Practice for Protection Against Lightning and IEC6164311/12 surge protection standards for the performance of SPDs, This new range of products includes Single Phase 12.5kA L/N and 25kA N/E modules and the 3-Phase version has 12.5kA L/N and 50kA N/E modules, thus offering protection against worst case scenario, as defined by the standards. Additional higher rated models will shortly be introduced, for particularly vulnerable and sensitive applications.

Electrical safety testing specialist Seaward has developed a new live line voltage indicator to ensure safe working on third-rail electrified railway lines and systems. The new Seaward LLT two pole voltage detector enables service engineers, maintenance personnel and technical staff to verify that conductor rails have been isolated from the power supply before maintenance or inspection work commence on rail track systems. The new unit has been designed specifically for the safe and practical detection of voltages on electrified rail systems above a threshold level of 300V DC up to a maximum of 1100V DC. Ultrabright red LEDs and a polarising filter built into the handle section of the tester make the voltage indication clearly visible in all working environments and conditions even in bright sunlight.

PD Devices 01364 646136

Seaward Electronic 0191 586 3511


The 2010 ABB drives and motors catalogue has new features that make it quick and simple to find the right motor and drive for your application. The Product Quickfinder is an easy-to-read table that helps you produce a shortlist of drives and motors for your application from among the large number of products in the ABB range. The Featurefinder helps you home in on exactly the right product with the features to fit your application. If you need further advice, there is a page of contact details of all the ABB Drives Alliance and ABB Motor Service Partners.

Castell Safety International has developed the Salus20, a new trapped key isolator switch capable of switching 20 amps. The switch is designed for use in trapped key interlocking systems and is a new addition to the Salus family, which also includes the recently launched Salus access interlock. The Salus20 maintains the design theme of the Salus access interlock, combining an integrated flush-mounted lock with sliding lock cover in a stainless steel IP66 sealed enclosure. The cable can enter the enclosure from any direction, depending on the orientation of the base when fitted. Using an entirely new stainless steel housing with an ergonomic design that has no areas for dirt to collect and trap, the Salus20 is suitable for wash-down environments such as those found in the food and beverage industry.

ABB 01925 741 111


Controlgear has expanded its comprehensive circuit protection range to include 4-pole RCBOs. Designed to protect 3-phase and neutral installations from earth leakage, overload and short circuit. Available in C type from 6 40A at 30mA and manufactured in accordance with UK standards BS EN 61009-1. To complement the range, CGD also offers a 4pole 100A busbar allowing the quick and easy connection of several units.

Controlgear 01563 572572


Castell Safety International 020 8200 1200 NEW SECURE POWER SERIES
Power brand Dale Power Solutions has introduced a new range of containerised generator sets that create a new benchmark in the sector. The Secure Power 1600 handles step loads in excess of 850kw from cold start a substantial increase over similar 20ft containerised units. Noise levels at 80dBA at one metre are outstanding for a 1600kVA generator in a 20ft container, the range also includes 1400, 1200 and 1000 kVA options, all power options are available as dual 50/60 HZ frequency. Developed and built to robust generator hire market specifications, the Secure Power Series offers unmatched power output, flexibility and ease of operation and maintenance. The compact power density of the 20 ft generator containers is ideal where space and flexibility is of importance.

This years Facilities Show will be the launch pad for CLM One, the new bundled building maintenance service from industry experts CLM. CLM One is designed to offer a package of specialist services carried out by its own nationwide team of dedicated CLM One engineers. CLM One is aimed at those FM contractors and managers responsible for keeping multiple retail units, hotels, industrial facilities or any commercial premises operating correctly. From PAT to heating services, water treatment to lighting maintenance, our CLM One engineers possess all relevant industry qualifications and are cross-trained to be hugely flexible in the tasks they can complete. An inspection or service visit can often be carried out by a single, multi-skilled engineer.

Dale Power Solutions 01723 583511 STEEL ARMOURED CABLE STRIPPING TOOL
Birmingham-based DiMart has introduced a steel armoured cable stripping tool that can cut into both the outer insulation and the protective steel strands underneath both circumferentially and longitudinally. The SACS tool (steel armoured cable stripper) provides a faster, safer and more accurate alternative for electrical engineers, many of which still use the traditional method of hacksaw and sharp knife. The tool works by first performing the circumferential cut on the insulation and steel strands, it is then rotated 90 degrees to permit cutting of just the insulation in a longitudinal manner to allow the cable to be terminated via the use of a gland. Appropriate for cable diameters ranging from 12mm to 35mm, the tool will be available from mid-November.

CLM 01942 290888

Dimart Ltd 0121 241 3828

With the new Hirschmann BAT300 FX2, Belden is marketing what it said is the worlds first Atex-certificated WLAN Access Point with support for the new IEEE 802.11n transmission standard. This enables WLAN networks with data rates up to 300 Mbit/s to be installed even in hazardous areas rated Ex zone 2. The integrated MIMO antenna technology (multiple input multiple output) ensures a stable wireless connection. Other features of these Access Points include extensive management, security and quality of service functions plus layer 3 IP routing. The BAT300 FX2, which can be used both as Access Point and Access Client, is designed to operate at temperatures in range -30C to +50C and also fulfills all shock-resistance, vibrationresistance and electromagnetic compatibility requirements (EN 50155).


Emitex has introduced to the range of cabinets a 550mm deep wall/ midi floor standing cabinet. Encompassing many features and benefits of the 450mm deep cabinet such as a reversible front door, removable and lockable side panels, 360 degree access and top and bottom cable entry. The fix & hang bracket is easy to install and allows for one person to mount the unit. Each cabinet also has castors supplied providing the customer with the option to floor stand if needed. Available in 6U, 9U, 12U, 15U, 18U & 21U this an ideal solution for contractors installing hardware with extra depth, VOIP products, and high end switches or rack mounted UPSs. It can also be used with CCTV installations when deep hard drives are used.

Belden +31 164 317 018


Fluke, the global leader in handheld electronic test and measurement equipment, has introduced the Fluke 434/PWR power analyser for easy energy analysis. The instrument can uncover energy waste in commercial and factory buildings as well as in equipment and machines. The unit is ideal for electricians, field service engineers and maintenance technicians. It can be used to conduct energy consumption studies and electrical load analysis, and to perform power quality logging and analysis according to EN 50160. The power analyser can also demonstrate the benefits of efficiency improvements by making energy consumption tests. The new Fluke 434/PWR measures harmonic distortion caused by electronic loads, and analyses reliability problems by capturing voltage dips and swells from load switching. A full colour display uses industry-standard colour-coding (user selectable) to correlate measurements with actual wiring.


Firesafe has launched its conventional call point developed to compliment the Firesafe range of fire alarm systems. The call point comes surface mounted as standard, and is operated by pressing the non-fragible plastic element. Insertion of a reset key is used for resetting the call point and removing the front cover easy upon installation. To assist the engineer in finding the source of the alarm activation quickly, the Firesafe call point has two high-visible alarm indications; an alarm flag indication, which is highlighted on the element itself, and an LED alarm indication, which is highlighted, on the front of the call point. No additional adaptor is required when flush mounting the call point as the unit simply fits into a standard flush back box. The Firesafe call point is designed to comply with the latest European standard; EN54.

Firesafe 01253 699 500

Theres more to Flir than industry-leading infrared cameras. It also owns Extech, the manufacturer of test and measurement instruments. And now it has launched Meterlink, a wireless connection between the two so that meters can talk to cameras. This means those involved in electrical and building inspection will be able to work quicker, easier and more intelligently than ever before. Meterlink makes it possible to transfer, via Bluetooth, the data acquired by an Extech instrument to the infrared camera and instantly embed it on an infrared image for accurate, co-ordinated documentation. This communication is possible between the Extech EX845 clamp meter, the Extech InspectorPro MO297 moisture meter and infrared cameras ranging upwards from the Flir i/b60.


Legrand has launched a new range of Plexo weatherproof wiring devices, ideal for residential and commercial applications. The new IP55 rated range meets the growing demand for increased flexibility and functionality when it comes to external electricity supply, and can aid Part L compliance. The ranges all-round flexibility has been achieved through the development of a surface mounting back box and flush mounting support frame that can be fitted with a full range of modular wiring device functions. Furthermore, the development of a new Legrand module adaptor means the company is Arteor wiring devices can be integrated into the range should there be a need for example for external home automation systems or international sockets. All core products are also available as monobloc solutions..

Legrand 0845 6054333

Flir Systems 01732 220011


At the Hanover Fair (Hall 7, Booth A46/3) Belden introduces the three new BAT controllers WLC25, WLC50 and WLC100 from its Hirschmann product range to ensure fast data communications and optimum network availability. These controllers are designed for use in switch cabinets and can be used to centrally configure and manage 25, 50 or 100 WLAN access points respectively. As these controllers are fully compatible to all Hirschmann access points in the BAT series, existing BAT equipment does not need to be replaced. These controllers possess four freely configurable Gigabit Ethernet ports plus one USB 2.0 and one serial interface and communicate with the access points via a CAPWAP tunnel. They also support all standard Ethernet LAN and WAN protocols.

Legrand is helping UK businesses significantly reduce energy consumption by launching a lighting management solution that has the potential to pay for itself in energy savings within 18-months. The easy to install Legrand lighting management system incorporates three different sensors and a choice of two remote configurators, making it suitable for all kinds of commercial establishments and applications. Passive Infrared (PIR) sensors can detect both presence and absence by measuring the heat difference between people and ambient space, and are ideal for areas up to 45m2 without obstacles such as small offices and boardrooms. For areas up to 150m2 with obstacles, such as open plan offices and warehouse facilities, the ranges Ultrasonic sensors are ideal. These detect occupancy by transmitting sound waves throughout an area and measure the speed at which they come back.

Belden +31 164 317 018 ANTI-BACTERIAL SOLUTION

MK Electric has launched a new anti-bacterial cable management solution for power and data distribution in environments where hygiene is a priority, in the guise of Prestige 3D Antibac Blue. By complementing the range with the companys Logic Plus wiring devices; the entire installation will meet the requirements of an anti-bacterial specification. As the trunking and wiring devices are both open to contact, the control of the spread of bacteria and infections can only be effective with such a complete solution. The silver additive within the system is a bactericide and so, obviously, kills bacteria rather than just restricting its growth. As the additive is homogenous with the PVC-u compound the, protection runs throughout. There is no loss of effectiveness where the trunking lengths are cut on-site; or if the surface becomes scuffed or scratched.

MK Electric 01268 563000

Legrand 0845 605 4333


OKW has extended the Smart-Box range of plastic enclosures, designed for modern industrial electronics. Typical applications will include heating and air conditioning controllers, monitoring systems, safety and security equipment and test and measurement devices. The case fixings screws and wall mounting shafts are hidden behind two hinged trims which are fitted in the lid. The lid trims hinge wide to allow screw driver access, and are then clipped into the closed position. As a result, no visible fixings can be seen once the unit is mounted on the wall or machine. The enclosures are moulded in flame retardant ABS rated to UL 94 V-0. The standard colour is light grey, RAL 7035, and the cases have a modern fine textured surface finish. Internal screw pillars are moulded in the top and base parts for mounting PCBs, DIN-Rails and displays. Omicron has released a new three-phase protection test set. The new CMC 353 focuses on commissioning and maintenance tasks particularly in industry, distributed generation, and medium and low voltage applications. The device allows testing of all kinds of protection equipment ranging from electromechanical relays to the latest IEC 61850 IEDs. The CMC 353 can be operated via a PC utilising Omircrons Test Universe software, or manually via the front panel control unit CMControl. The CMC 353 offers three current and four voltage output channels which are continuously and independently adjustable. Test engineers are provided with accurate testing signals even at small amplitudes because of the use of a digital signal processor and additional error correction algorithms. Six additional independent channels with lowlevel signals are available at the back of the device. Testing in IEC 61850 environments is supported using optional Goose (simulation and subscription) and sampled values (simulation) functionality.


When Task Displays was granted a Carbon Trust loan, it was decided a proportion of it should be spent on improving the illumination, with energy saving T5 lighting from leading luminaire designers and manufacturers Riegens Lighting. With 80% of the installation complete, the company are already reaping the rewards and seeing a dramatic reduction in monthly electricity bills. Part of the refurbishment at Task included new skylights within the workshop areas to make more use of natural daylight. The new lighting supplied by Riegens included the Saleni range of batten luminaires using either 1 or 2 x 80W T5 lamps. With the original basic batten fitting using 100W lamps, the change to the Saleni luminaire with 80W lamps provides an energy saving of approximately 85W per fitting, this in turn equals 44% energy saving on the load.

OKW Enclosures 01489 583858

Riegens Lighting 01376 333400

CBS ArcSafe has developed a remote racking system for 600 volt through 38kV circuit breakers and related draw out electrical equipment. In addition CBS ArcSafe, has developed remote switching actuators that will allow service personnel to charge, close and/or trip manually operated electrical devices, 600 volt through 38kV. These products are a new safety solution that allow the service personnel to stand outside the arc flash boundary and are integral to the NFPA-70E and CSA Z462 guidelines for arc flash safety. Annually, EC&M Magazine accepts applications for up to 33 product categories for Product of the Year, with electrical engineers, contractors and plant facility personnel reviewing entries, and selecting finalists for the Product of the Year. CBS ArcSafe was awarded Product of the Year in the tools and specialty products categories. This award represents outstanding achievements in product design and innovation within the industry.

Belden has extended its range of Hirschmann products to include the new WLAN Access Point BAT54Rail Single. This device is designed for mounting on a top-hat rail and can be used both as Access Point and Access Client. Unlike the BAT54-Rail, this new Access Point has only one WLAN interface, making it a cost-effective alternative for applications that do not require a second interface. In common with its elder brother, however, the BAT54-Rail Single offers the full range of functions supported by the powerful HiLCOS operating system. This Access Point offers transmission rates of up to 108 Mbit/s in either the 5 GHz or 2.4 GHz waveband. Fast roaming facilitates uninterrupted connections, even while changing from one radio cell to another. Network management can be carried out using browserbased, Telnet or Windows software that supports rogue AP detection, and all standard encryption methods as well as authentication compliant with IEEE 802.1x are also available.

The Royal Netherlands Air Force is using a Cropico ohmmeter as an integral part of a maintenance programme designed to identify and reduce the potential for airframe corrosion on front line fighter aircraft. Air force technicians are using the Cropico DO4000 digital ohmmeter to measure the ground points on its fighter jets and Apache and Chinook. These ground points are located at various key points around the airframe and the DO4000 enables technicians to quickly and easily check that the resistance levels between each one are lower than <2.5milliOhm. Ground points are required to create a safe electrical network inside an aircraft - when it flies through dry air it gets statically charged, so when it lands this needs to be safely discharged through the ground. After that, the ground personnel can maintain the aircraft safely. It is important that these ground points have specific standards because, for example, when refuelling the aircraft there could be spark-ignition due to residual charge.

Belden +31 164 317 018


The demand for eco-friendly road lighting capable of virtually maintenance-free operation for 12 years is fully met by Thorns new Dyana LED lantern. Distinctive product design, outstanding optics and great versatility are all on offer. The grey saucer-shaped luminaire, only 110 mm in thickness, is available in 3,000 and 5,000 lumen packages with a colour temperature of 4200K. The high power LEDs are boosted by a patented lens and aluminium reflection system for a uniform and glare-free illumination. Complaint with EN 13201 standards (lighting classes S6 to S2), and with a choice of two beam distributions, Dyana LED is equally adapt at lighting city streets, building surroundings and pedestrian areas at heights between 6m and 8m, post top or side mounted.

Cropico 0191 586 3511

Thorn lighting 020 8732 9800

TridonicAtco has supplied its LED's for Chasing Shadows, a collaboration between Peter Pritchard of lighting design consultancy Pritchard Themis and his wife, textiles artist Eleanor Pritchard. The concept was to bring forest inside, for all the animals in glass cases around the museum. 66 illuminated trees were created and hung amongst the antlers of the Grand Trophy Room; they represent a woodland, sealed and preserved behind glass. These trees were made of made of paper that was burnt and worked into by Eleanor to resemble birch bark and then sealed into clear acrylic tubes. A white Tridonic LED within the base of each tube delicately illuminated the paper and created a ghostly forest of light. A lighting programming system then gave life to the scene, with sudden flits of light, or slower, more menacing changes in light levels set to suggest a living presence, watching from the trees and moving around, but never fully glimpsed.


Designed for maximum safety and efficiency, Wieland Electric's SNS 4084K Zero-Speed Monitor protects against dangerous machine or system movements. This safety relay monitors the pulse frequency of sensors, such as inductive proximity switches or incremental encoders, safely switching off any dangerous movement when the limit frequency set on the device is exceeded. The Zero-Speed Monitor can also control locking bolts in electric locking facilities, where access to a dangerous machine parts is only provided when the machine movement is no longer a risk for the operator. Particularly suited to safety- oriented retrofits in existing machines or systems, this versatile device can be used with any machine drive technology. The limit frequency to be monitored is adjustable between 0.1 and 99 Hz and is set via two rotary switches; this is stored permanently in the device via a simple configuration process.

Tridonic Atco 01256 374300

Wieland Electric 01483 531213


C.K tools has enhanced its range of screwdrivers with the introduction of the Triton XLS a range of general purpose screwdrivers designed to deliver professional quality at an affordable price. Designed for maximum comfort in use, the exceptional Triton XLS features a large, soft grip, tri-lobe handle for exceptional comfort and high torque turns, along with antiroll flats to prevent the screwdriver rolling away on sloped surfaces. Excellent durability comes as standard thanks to the toughened alloy steel blade along with the injection moulded dual component handle that provides the ultimate blade to handle bond. Often cast into the hidden depths of a toolbox, tradesmen are sure to appreciate the convenient colour coded handles, which feature tip type marking on the dome of the handle making this innovative screwdriver easy to identify.

The Harting RJ Industrial 10G is Hartings latest version of the worlds first RJ45 connector requiring no tools for connection, and features a future-proof design compatible with 10Gigabit Ethernet applications. The connection is made reliably and quickly using proven insulation displacement terminal technology. The insulation displacement terminals are designed for rigid and flexible conductors with an extremely broad range of wire cross-sections. Cables with diameters from 4.5 to 9 mm are securely fixed in place in the connector with a newly developed cable gland, allowing users to connect all standard Ethernet cable types with a single RJ45 connector design. Thanks to its compact design, the rugged and industry-standard IP 20 model is also suitable for multiport RJ 45 jacks.

C.K tools 01758 701070 SWITCH TO SAFER ISOLATION

Despite recent legislation affecting health and safety conditions in the workplace, subsequent injuries and prosecutions and the impact of massive fines and legal costs, the practice of over-riding low spec isolators and corporate manslaughter continues. The new brochure published by Katko Safety Switches is therefore a timely, essential read for all consultants, electrical contractors and maintenance engineers concerned with electrical installation work and safety devices in factories and other establishments. The new publication entitled Switch to Safer Isolation is an informative guide to safety switch solutions from 20A right up to 800A. Readers can obtain a copy by contacting Katko direct.

Katko 01420 520530


Prima is a new spot light from energy saving experts Megaman that provides complete flexibility, featuring an adjustable lamp head and base to ensure precise illumination. Prima incorporates Megamans AR111 11w lamp, the first CFL with narrow beam optics that provide accurate optical control. The AR111 lamp incorporates a stylish anti-glare shield and glittering facetted mirror to provide the same appearance of halogen without the heat output, plus the potential for up to 80% savings in energy. The 11W 40 beam yields a spectacular 400 candelas almost double the intensity of a 20W conventional CFL reflector With its 330 rotational head, Prima is available in a matt silver finish with black lamp ring. A European track adaptor is also available and the fitting can be used in a variety of applications including restaurants, hotels, offices and retail situations.

Click Scolmores Mode electrical accessories have been specified at the Tesco Extra superstore in Prescot, Merseyside - the subject of a recent 40,000 sq m expansion. 2-gang sockets in a white finish have been sited throughout the sound and vision department, providing power outlets for the stores extensive range which includes televisions, Hi-Fi systems, computers and laptops. The products were installed by electrical and mechanical engineering and contracting firm, Jackson Rich, and project manager Mark Smethurst specified the Click products for their ease of installation and competitive pricing. Mode is a stylish, contemporary and flexible range of smooth profile electrical accessory products. The modular design allows installers and designers unprecedented flexibility in creating dedicated wiring solutions.

Scolmore 01827 63454

Vimpex has added the new Hosiden Besson TriTone Lite entry-level sounder/beacon to its extensive range of AV sounders and beacons for fire, security and industrial applications. Complementing the existing TriTone sounder, this new addition now provides system designers with one of the widest choices of fire alarm products available in the industry, from the simplest 3-tone sounder through to the sophisticated 7-message Fire-Cryer voice sounder family. TriTone Lite combines a highly efficient, low current, 3-tone sounder with a beacon that uses ultra-efficient LEDs. Efficient acoustics using piezo technology means that the sounder emits a high quality tone with minimal power consumption. These economic sounder/beacons are suitable for a variety of fire and DDAcompliant signalling applications and can be installed with either low profile or deep bases providing added flexibility.

Megaman (UK) 0845 4084625

Vimpex 01702 216999

Alpha Micro Components, the independent franchised distributor of electronic components, has added the Vinculum VNC2 from Future Technology Devices International (FTDI) to its portfolio of products. The VNC2 is the latest addition to the Vinculum family of USB Host Controller ICs and suits a broad range of USB consumer and industrial related applications including camera, mobile accessories, data loggers, toys, keyboards, game controller interfacing, point of sale applications, medical devices and USB to USB bridges. The VNC2 is a programmable dual USB 2.0 full speed host/ slave system on chip (SOC) controller which builds on, and enhances, the capacities and functionality of the VNC1L, the initial member of FTDIs Vinculum family. This has been achieved while reducing the device cost as well as introducing the capability for designers to develop their own application firmware and programme the host controller themselves.


Alpha Micro Components 01256 851 770 ENERGY MANAGEMENT WITH AN EXTRA TWIST

Power Engineering v4.1, is Rittals new version of planning and configuration software for type-tested low-voltage switchgear of their Ri4Power systems, Form 1, Form 2-4 and Ri4Power Form 1 ISV. The software offers quick and easy generation of quotations and bill of materials with better assembly information and the capability to view the side of the assembly, where part numbers and their location within the system are indicated. Software includes project handling that ranges from an automatic generation of bill of materials via price determination up to material ordering. By means of comprehensive import and export functions it is possible to add third party products, required for distribution, to the software database. Special enclosure designs can be optionally stored in the software as own field types.

Rittal 01709 704000

Design, procurement and assembly, logistics, looming and installation processes can be shortened by designed-to-fit turn-key Totaltrax systems from Kabelschlepp Metool. With a wide range of cable carriers in steel, plastic or hybrid materials, extensive accessories and highly flexible cables, combined with decades of experience with all kinds of applica-tions, Kabelschlepp experts offer customised solutions. Using perfectly engineered compo-nents, they cover bespoke operating and environmental conditions, up to granting system warranties. A user benefits from the entire value chain, from facilitated engineering and de-sign over reduced cost for material control, purchasing, incoming inspection, inventory post-ing and the costs of managing many single components. Costs for tools, storage and as-sembly areas as well as manpower can be reduced.


Schneider Electric has improved and simplified its motion control offer with the launch of its Lexium 32 range of three servo drives and two servo motor types. The new simplified drive range comes in a compact book style, offering maximum efficiency in a reduced space. The Lexium 32 range has been developed to meet OEM architectures, with advanced tuning features and motors with a wide machine inertia. Applications span a wide range of machinery including printing, textiles, packaging and material working and handling. These new products also work seamlessly with the new book style Altivar 32 range of variable speed drives due to be launched by Schneider Electric in April and which will feature at the Drives & Controls exhibition in June.

Schneider Electric 0870 608 8 608 DEVELOPING A GREEN WORLD

Since 2003 the Socomec group has been in the Global Compact, a United Nations scheme that aims to face up to the challenges posed by globalisation in terms of human rights, workers' conditions, environment and the struggle against corruption. More recently Socomec became a member of The Green Grid in October 2009 and were also amongst the first manufacturers to agree and sign-up to the Code of Conduct in 2008. Since adhering to the schemes, the Socomec group organisation has had 100% control over the recycling and disposal of the materials used in its manufacturing process and offices. The same attitude has been adopted to after-sales maintenance, with replaced components being disposed of in accordance with local regulations. Sustainability is also taken into account in the production process, with continual research into the efficient use of energy and resources. The Socomec UPS range includes a number of products with low environmental impact; two examples of these are the Green Power UPS range and the innovative kinetic storage system (VSS+DC).

Kabelschlepp +49(0)2762- 4003-451 PROJECT SPECIFIC TESTING SERVICE

Ellis Patents has launched a project specific testing service that it says will remove any uncertainty about the ability of cable cleats to do the job they have been specified for. The cleat manufacturer had previously gone on record calling for compulsory third party certification of all cleats, but says that a lack of understanding about the process has resulted in products continuing to be incorrectly specified. The companys managing director, Richard Shaw commented: Third party certification really should clear up any doubts about a cleats ability to withstand the maximum force it is likely to experience in any given installation. The problem is that the quoted short circuit withstand, which is seen as the indicator of a cleats suitability for a project, is only valid for a cable diameter equal to or greater than the diameter of the cable used in the test. If the project in question is using smaller cables than those referred to in the test (and the fault level and spacing is the same) then the force between the cables is proportionally greater, meaning the certificate is inappropriate and the cleats will not provide the protection they are installed to give. Intended to wipe out this issue, Ellis Patents new service provides specifiers and contractors with the opportunity to test the cables and cleats they intend to install in the most-extreme short-circuit conditions likely to occur in the final installation. A procedure that means the tested cleats can be granted project specific third party certification and be installed with absolute confidence.

Ellis Patents 01944 758395

Socomec UPS 01258 863327


ABB, the power and automation technology group, has launched SVC Light (static var compensator) with energy storage as its latest development within the FACTS (flexible alternating current transmission systems) family. The new technology combines SVC Light, with a highly scalable battery storage technology. The present rated power and capacity of storage is typically in the 20 MW range for periods of approximately 15 to 45 minutes, but this technology can be scaled up to 50 MW of power for 60 minutes and more. ABBs SVC Light with energy storage enables dynamic control of active as well as reactive power in a power system, independent of each other. Fast reactive power control means that grid voltage and stability can be controlled quickly. Active power control is enabled with dynamic energy storage by levelling out power fluctuations from intermittent generation sources such as wind and solar energy. This technology also facilitates load support and ancillary grid services such as area frequency regulation. This technology can play an important role when it comes to integrating renewables, especially in weak electrical networks said Claes Rytoft, head of technology for ABBs Power Systems division. It can be a key enabler in the development of more reliable and smarter grids. SVC Light is a system connected to the grid at transmission as well as sub-transmission and distribution levels, using state-of-theart power semiconductors. The energy storage system is based on Li-ion batteries combined with SVC Light. ABB is a global leader in FACTS technologies that help enhance the security, capacity and flexibility of power transmission systems. They enable an increase in the existing transmission capacity of a power network while maintaining or improving the operating

margins necessary for grid stability. SVC Light is a system that provides fast-acting reactive power compensation in high-voltage electricity networks. They compensate for fluctuations in the voltage and current of an electric grid, thereby allowing more power to flow through the network while maintaining safety margins and increasing stability.

ABB Power Products & Power Systems +41 43 317 6480


To advertise in this section contact John Steward on: 020 7933 8974 or Charges: 19 pccm, Box No 25 UPS



Control Systems

Power Factor Correction


To Senior Authorised/ Authorised Person level
Also Competent Person, EAW Regs, Generator Operation, Ship/Marine systems, Safety awareness, HV safety for Laser/ Microwave and AGL, Maintenance, etc

Power Factor Correction PowerLogicTM Metering Systems Energy Meters Load Monitoring Power Quality Monitoring & Solutions Harmonic Surveys To G5/4 Harmonic Filters UPS & Surge Protection Thermal Imaging Surveys
Call for survey and quotation :Tel 01773 - 603110 Fax 01773 - 603112 e-mail web site - VAR Services Ltd. 27 Main Road, Jacksdale, Nottingham, NG16 5JU


Tel or Fax: 01737 352755


Power Factor Correction

Cables / Telecables

PFC Engineering Ltd

Station Road, Great Chesterford, Saffron Walden, Essex CB10 1NY

Total Power Quality Solutions

Power Factor Correction Design and Manufacture - LV / MV Power Factor Correction Maintenance and Installation Harmonic Analysis and Penetration Studies Harmonic Filtration Systems - LV / MV Design and Manufacture Voltage Disturbance and Flicker Control Complete Analytical Services Consultation and Advice

Contact us for expert advice on Tel: +44 (0) 1799 530728, Fax: +44 (0) 1799 530235 email:

Power Quality Management

A.C. Voltage Stabilisers


Hazardous Area

Test and measurement

innovative test technology and comprehensive customer support


SERVICE & CALIBRATION Seaward provides a comprehensive calibration and repair service for a wide range of electrical and electronic equipment I UKAS accredited calibration I Mobile on-site service so equipment stays on your premises I Service and calibration for most brands of electrical/electronic equipment I Competitive pricing, repair warranty and guaranteed workmanship Tel: 0191 586 3511 Email: Website:

Launched Feb 2010
LOOKING FOR A JOB? Upload your cv and search and apply EMPLOYER? register and upload your vacancies and logo for FREE View your applications including contact details.

Energy Saving


To advertise in this section contact John Steward on: 020 7933 8974 or Charges: 19 pccm, Box No 25



ATC Semitecs new SP series offers a very high precision NTC at significantly lower pricing compared with other Interchangeable NTC thermistors. This enables a wider range of users to achieve more accurate temperature control and thus more comfortable and energy-efficient environments. The chief features of their SP range are as follows; R25 Values: From 1k to 100k Interchangeability: 0.2K from 0-70C Small Size: 2.4mm maximum head size Temperature Range: -50C/+150C The SP series is manufactured using an ultrastable manufacturing process and meets RoHS directives. The SP series is readily available from stock, so call today for your free samples and application advice.

Visit our new n directory sectio online at


www. electrical review.

Gas Measurement and Detection

I Specialists in gas measurementin and detection Advancing Excellence Gas Analysis I Manufacturer of Rapidox gas analysers I Specialists in gas measurement and detection I Oxygen sensing from 100% O2 to 10 e-23 PPM I Manufacturer of Rapidox gas analysers I SF6 condition analysers for Gas Insulated I Oxygen sensing from 100% O2 to 10 e-23 PPM Substations (GIS) I SF6 condition analysers for Gas Insulated I O2, CO, CO2, SO2 and dp (moisture) sampling
Substations (GIS) instruments for laboratory, vacuum, low-oxygen, and oxygen-critical applications instruments for laboratory, vacuum, low-oxygen, I Distributors of gas detectors for safety, industrial, and oxygen-critical applications welding, diving and medical applications I Distributors of gas detectors for safety, industrial, welding, diving and medical applications

I O2, CO, CO2, SO2 and dp (moisture) sampling

ATC Semitec Ltd Unit 14 Cosgrove Business Park Daisy Bank Lane, Anderton, NORTHWICH, Cheshire, CW9 6FY T: 01606 871680 F: 01606 872938 E:

Phone: +44(0)1480 462142 Fax: +44(0)1480 466032 Phone: +44(0)1480 462142 Fax: +44(0)1480 466032


Power Systems Software

Rockwell Automation provides an extensive portfolio of products, including Low Voltage Control Equipment, Variable Speed Drives, Medium Voltage Drives, Programmable Controllers, SCADA and MES. With a focus on sustainability and life-time costs, we also provide a range of added-value services such as Asset Management, Condition Monitoring and On-Site Support. Coupled with this, Rockwell Automation has a system engineering capability combined with extensive domain experience of the manufacturing sector. In particular Rockwell Automation has dedicated resources assigned to Rail, Water and Energy industries within the UK market.
Tel: 0870 242 5004 Fax: 01908 261917 Email: Web:



I KNOW by the time this months diatribe hits your desks the election hullabaloo that has been this most publicly debated of popularity contests will be done and dusted. Personally, I found the alternating public squabbling and sickly patronisation (just in case parliament hung) very entertaining. My fear was a large sector of Joe Public would miss the vital policy points hence that very nice young man Mr Cleggs immediate rise to prominence following the first debate. What alarmed me most about the first debate was the very real ignorance it revealed across all three debating candidates when it comes to energy. One would imagine with the environment, perhaps for the first time, being a major part of all three parties manifestos, that one of them might have taken a little more than five minutes to acquaint themselves with a few realities. Both Gordon Brown and David Cameron at least acknowledged a need for nuclear power. Cameron even made the point nuclear stations take a long time to build. The point at issue is whoever has been elected needs now to act fast In my view decisions that should have been arrived at in a considered way two decades ago now have to be taken in haste. Cleggs opinion that the major investment should be spent on renewable is naive to the point of ridicule. His argument being nuclear power costs a lot to make. He seems to have missed the point that per kilowatt, other energy generation is also expensive, but at least nuclear power will give us potentially enough for a population set to grow to 70 million over the foreseeable future. BUDDY, CAN YOU SPARE AN AMP? Will there come a time when we substitute the annual nonsense that is the Beaujolais run for another dash across the Channel to grab a case of EdFs electricity. At least our colleagues at Electricitie de France (I think using the full name emphasises where the worlds largest energy firm comes from) make lots of power we can buy. This importation brings nothing to the British economy and as Ive mooted before, leaves us vulnerable to the foibles of the French Government and its economy. David Cameron did at least state that if nothings done soon, our lights will go out. He didnt actually venture how we will find the finance, design expertise or skilled workforce to fulfil a new nuclear provision. Neither did Brown, and Clegg didnt even have it on his partys agenda. As I write I dont know who will win. What I do know is those of us who care about energy had better be prepared to carry on the lobby! GREEN POSTURING I have derided businesses that display token environmentalism in the past. The Prime ministerial candidates remained guilty on all charges of green posturing. Asked by a member of the studio audience in one of the live debates, what each candidate had done personally to reduce their environmental impact, the response was so predictable. Brown said he believed in solar power, Cameron said he didnt do enough but tried not to fly too much and Clegg said he only uses his car when he has lots of kids stuff to carry. Did any of them simply state they turn lights off? Who ventured they might install energy efficient lighting? Who suggested they might throw less away unnecessarily? I could go on. In fact, I could go on and on and on. If our newly elected leader, whoever they are, cant even demonstrate a rudimentary knowledge of how they might reduce their environmental impact (even if they dont actually do it) its a worry. How can we expect incentives for the installation of active energy efficiency schemes (motion detection switches for example) or energy metering for homes, or incentives to use solar power by rebating users energy bills? I know the Prime Ministers now in office, but for me the jurys still out.

John Houston can be contacted on 01797 364366 or by e-mail at